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Bukovite

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Formula:
Tl2(Cu,Fe)4Se4
Colour:
Greyish-brown
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
2
Specific Gravity:
7.40 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Member of:
Name:
Named by Z. Johan, and M. Kvaček in 1971 for the Bukov Mine, the type locality.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of BukoviteHide

Approved
First Published:
1971
2.BD.30

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
B : Metal Sulfides, M: S > 1: 1 (mainly 2: 1)
D : With Hg, Tl
2.5.5.2

2 : SULFIDES
5 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
3.5.17

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
5 : Sulphides etc. of Hg and Tl

Physical Properties of BukoviteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Greyish-brown
Hardness:
Hardness:
VHN20=64 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Good on {001}
imperfect on {100}
Density:
7.40 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of BukoviteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Medium
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
Creamy gray to gray

Chemical Properties of BukoviteHide

Formula:
Tl2(Cu,Fe)4Se4
IMA Formula:
Cu4Tl2Se4

Crystallography of BukoviteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.976(5) Å, c = 13.70(2) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 3.446
Unit Cell V:
216.58 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
Minute crystals to 2mm

Type Occurrence of BukoviteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
National School of Mines, Paris, France.
Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
In selenium-bearing veins of hydrothermal origin.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of BukoviteHide

Other Language Names for BukoviteHide

German:Bukovit
Simplified Chinese:硒铊铁铜矿
Spanish:Bukovita
Traditional Chinese:硒鉈鐵銅礦

Relationship of Bukovite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
MurunskiteK2(Cu,Fe)4S4Tet.
ThalcusiteTl2Cu3FeS4Tet.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Crookesite6 photos of Bukovite associated with Crookesite on mindat.org.
Calcite5 photos of Bukovite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Eskebornite2 photos of Bukovite associated with Eskebornite on mindat.org.
Biotite2 photos of Bukovite associated with Biotite on mindat.org.
Klockmannite2 photos of Bukovite associated with Klockmannite on mindat.org.
Berzelianite1 photo of Bukovite associated with Berzelianite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.BD.UM2004-33-S:AgCuHgSe(Ag,Cu)8Hg3(S,Se)7
2.BD.05ImiteriteAg2HgS2Mon.
2.BD.10GortdrumiteCu18FeHg6S16Orth.
2.BD.15BalkaniteCu9Ag5HgS8Mon. 2/m : P2/m
2.BD.15Danielsite(Cu,Ag)14HgS8Orth.
2.BD.20DonharrisiteNi3HgS3Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.BD.25CarliniteTl2STrig. 3 : R3
2.BD.30MurunskiteK2(Cu,Fe)4S4Tet.
2.BD.30ThalcusiteTl2Cu3FeS4Tet.
2.BD.35Rohaite(Tl,Pb,K)2Cu8.7Sb2S4Orth.
2.BD.40ChalcothalliteTl2(Cu,Fe)6SbS4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
2.BD.45SabatieriteCu6TlSe4Orth.
2.BD.50CrookesiteCu7(Tl, Ag)Se4Tet.
2.BD.55BrodtkorbiteCu2HgSe2Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.5.5.1ThalcusiteTl2Cu3FeS4Tet.
2.5.5.3MurunskiteK2(Cu,Fe)4S4Tet.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.5.1CinnabarHgSTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
3.5.2HypercinnabarHgSHex.
3.5.3MetacinnabarHgSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
3.5.4ImiteriteAg2HgS2Mon.
3.5.5TiemanniteHgSe
3.5.6BalkaniteCu9Ag5HgS8Mon. 2/m : P2/m
3.5.7Danielsite(Cu,Ag)14HgS8Orth.
3.5.8ColoradoiteHgTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
3.5.9GortdrumiteCu18FeHg6S16Orth.
3.5.10Polhemusite(Zn,Hg)STet.
3.5.11CarliniteTl2STrig. 3 : R3
3.5.12CrookesiteCu7(Tl, Ag)Se4Tet.
3.5.13SabatieriteCu6TlSe4Orth.
3.5.14PicotpauliteTlFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
3.5.15RaguiniteTlFeS2Orth.
3.5.16ThalcusiteTl2Cu3FeS4Tet.
3.5.18GalliteCuGaS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
3.5.19RoquesiteCuInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
3.5.20InditeFeIn2S4

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BukoviteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Johan, Z., Kvaček, M. (1971) La bukovite, Cu3+xTl2FeSe4-x, une nouvelle espèce minérale. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 94: 529-533.
Fleischer, M. (1972) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 57: 1909-1914.
Zemann, J. (1974) Structure type of bukovite. Anzeiger. Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse: 110: 126–129.
Makovicky, E., Johan, Z., Karup-Møller, S. (1980) New data on bukovite, thalcusite, chalcothallite and rohaite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen: 138: 122-146.
Dolivo-Dobrovolsky, V.V. (2004) Bukovite packing as a representation of homologous row of tetragonal spherical packings. Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 133(5): 63-69.

Internet Links for BukoviteHide

Localities for BukoviteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • La Rioja
    • General Lamadrid department
      • Villa Castelli
        • Sierra de Cacho
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Crosta, S. (2010). Reseña de la ubicación geográfica de los seleniuros de la Sierra de Umango, provincia de La Rioja. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina, 67(2), 272-279.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
Strübel, Zimmer: "Lexikon der Minerale", 2nd Ed., 1991; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    • Hradec Králové Region
      • Krkonoše Mtn (Riesengebirge)
Kopecký, S., Pauliš, P., Škoda, R. (2010): Nový nález selenidů na výskytu uranových rud Černý Důl v Krkonoších (Česká republika) [New occurrence of selenides from the Černý Důl uranium deposit in the Giant Mountains (Czech Republic)]. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení 18 (2), 43-49.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Žďár nad Sázavou
        • Rožná deposit
Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist.(1971) 94, 529-533; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484; American Mineralogist 73:933
      • Žďár nad Sázavou District
        • Nové Město na Moravě
Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38. ; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Sauxillanges
        • Chaméane
P. Picot, Z. Johan : "Atlas of Ore Minerals", BRGM, Elsevier, 1982; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Germany
 
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Lerbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1719-1732.
Sweden
 
  • Östergötland
    • Valdemarsvik
Sandström, F. (2007): Skrikerum. Litiofilen 24 (1), 22-38
Mineral and/or Locality  
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