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Colorless, grayish ...
3½ - 4
Named after Wilbur Sweet Burbank (1898–1975), geologist of the U.S. Geological Survey
This page provides mineralogical data about Burbankite.

Classification of Burbankite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

A : Carbonates without additional anions, without H2O
C : Alkali and alkali-earth carbonates

4 : Miscellaneous

11 : Carbonates
8 : Carbonates of the rare earths

Physical Properties of Burbankite

Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Colorless, grayish yellow, pale yellow, pink, pale greenish.
Hardness (Mohs):
3½ - 4
3.50 - 3.58 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.52(2) g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Burbankite

Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.616 - 1.635 nε = 1.597 - 1.623
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.019
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of Burbankite

Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Burbankite

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
6mm - Dihexagonal Pyramidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.47 Å, c = 6.45 Å
a:c = 1 : 0.616
Unit Cell Volume:
V 612.33 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Long dihexagonal prismatic crystals with shallow pyramidal terminations, striated parallel [001], may be in fibrous spherical aggregates; anhedral granular, to 5 cm.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Occurrences of Burbankite

Type Occurrence of Burbankite

Relationship of Burbankite to other Species

11.8.1Calkinsite-(Ce)Ce2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
11.8.2Lanthanite-(La)La2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
11.8.3Lanthanite-(Ce)Ce2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
11.8.4Lanthanite-(Nd)Nd2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
11.8.9Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
11.8.10Kimuraite-(Y)CaY2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
11.8.11Lokkaite-(Y)CaY4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
11.8.12Calcioancylite-(Nd)Nd2.8Ca1.2(CO3)4(OH)3 · H2O
11.8.16Donnayite-(Y)NaSr3CaY(CO3)6 · 3H2O
11.8.18Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
11.8.19EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
11.8.20Mckelveyite-(Y)NaBa3(Ca,U)Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O

Other Names for Burbankite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:黄碳锶钠石
Traditional Chinese:黃碳鍶鈉石

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Burbankite

Reference List:
Pecora W T, Kerr J H (1953) Burbankite and calkinsite, two new carbonate minerals from Montana. American Mineralogist 38, 1169-1183

Voronkov A A, Shumyatskaya N G (1968) X-ray diffraction study of the structure of berbankite, (Na, Ca)3(Ca,Sr,Ba,Tr)3(CO3)5. Soviet Physics - Crystallography 13, 192-196

EFFENBERGER, H., KLUGER, F., PAULUS, H. & WÖLFEL, E.R. (1985): Crystal structure refinement of burbankite. NeuesJahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte Jg. 1985, H. 4, 161-170.

GINDEROW, D. (1989): Structure de Na3M3(C)3)5 (M=Terre Rare, Ca, Na, Sr) rattaché à la burbankite. Acta Crystallographica, C45,
185-187. (in French)

BELOVITSKAYA, Y.V. & PEKOV, I.V. (2004): Genetic mineralogy of the burbankite group. New Data on Minerals 39, 50-64.

Internet Links for Burbankite URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.
The following Burbankite specimens are currently listed for sale on

Localities for Burbankite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • Helmand Province (Hilmend Province; Hilmand Province)
    • Dushan District
      • Khanneshin complex
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
  • Cochabamba Department
    • Ayopaya Province
Powder XRD and EDS by Dr. Anthony R. Kampf, April-May 2005.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Coromandel district
      • Bagagem River valley
Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
ATENCIO, D., COUTINHO, J.M.C., ULBRICH, M.N.C., VLACH, S.R.F., RASTVETAEVA, R.K. & PUSHCHAROVSKY, D.Yu. (1999) Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.
      • Poços de Caldas
Horváth, Menezes, Toft ollections - confirmed by XRD & microprobe
  • São Paulo
    • Cajati
Costanzo, A., Moore, K. R., Wall, F., & Feely, M. (2006). Fluid inclusions in apatite from Jacupiranga calcite carbonatites: evidence for a fluid-stratified carbonatite magma chamber. Lithos, 91(1), 208-228.
  • South Region
    • Kribi
Cesbron et al. (1988)
  • British Columbia
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Williston Lake
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • O'Meara Township
Platt & Wooley (1990)
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
Chen, T.T., Chao, G.Y. (1974), Burbankite from Mont St-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 12: 342-345.
Chen, T.T., Chao, G.Y. (1974), Burbankite from Mont St-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 12: 342-345.
    • Montréal
SABINA, A.P. (1978) Some new mineral occurrences in Canada. Geological Survey of Canada,Paper 78-1A, 253-258.
    • Nord-du-Québec
Nadeau, O., Stevenson, R. and Jébrak, M. (2014) The geology, petrology and geochemistry of the Montviel alkaline-carbonatite hosted lanthanide-Nb ore deposit, Abitibi, Canada. Abstract with Program, GAC/MAC Annual meeting 2014. 1p.
  • Hubei Province
    • Shennongjia Forest District
Tong Wang and Faming Yan (1989): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 9(4), 345-351
    • Shiyan Prefecture
      • Zhushan Co.
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189, 174 pp.
  • Lapland Region
    • Savukoski
      • Tulppio
Vartiainen, H. 1975. Esitelmäselostus. Geologi 27 (3), 79.
  • Qeqqata
    • Maniitsoq (Sukkertoppen)
Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
  • Sermersooq
  • Dornogovi Aimag
    • Hövsgöl
Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.
  • Kunene Region
    • Damaraland District
      • Kalkfeld
American Mineralogist, Vol. 84, pp. 1117-1125, 1999.; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
New Zealand
  • South Island
    • West Coast (Westland)
      • Burke River
Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 473-482
  • Podlaskie
    • Suwałki District
W. Ryka - Geology of the Tajno Massif carbonatites; Kubicki, S., & Ryka, W. (1984). Późnoprekambryjski magmatyzm platformowy i karbonatyty w polskiej części platformy wschodnioeuropejskiej. Przegląd Geologiczny, 32(5), 252-259.
  • Faro District
    • Monchique
      • Monchique
- P. ALVES, C. LEAL GOMES (2010). Mineralização Sr-Ba tardia em cavidades de rochas filonianas subsaturadas do Maciço Alcalino de Monchique. CNG 2010 (Braga, Portugal)
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Hunedoara
      • Boșorod
Onac, B.P., Breban, R., Kearns, J., and Tamas, T. (2002) Unusual minerals related to phosphate deposits in Cioclovina Cave, Şureanu Mts. (Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology: 15: 27-34.; Onac, B.P.; Bernhardt, H.-J.; Effenberger, H. (2009): Authigenic burbankite in the Cioclovina Cave sediments (Romania). European Journal of Mineralogy 21, 507-514.
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
Handbook of Mineralogy
        • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
Konev, A.A., Vorobyev, E.I., and Lazebnik, K.A. (1996) The Mineralogy of the Murun Massif. Russian Academy of Science Press, Siberian Branch, Novosbirsk, Russia (in Russian).
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Khabarovskiy Kray
      • Aldan province
Pavel M. Kartashov data; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Afrikanda
New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
        • Khibiny Massif
PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
            • Kirovskii apatite mine (Kirovsky Mine; Kirovskii Mine; Kirov Mine)
Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
I.V. Pekov analytical data
P.M. Kartashov data
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
        • Lovozero Massif
          • Alluaiv Mt
            • Umbozero mine (Umbozerskii mine; Umba Mine)
Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp.
      • Northern Karelia
SUBBOTIN, V.V., VOLOSHIN, A.V., PAKHOMOVSKY, Yu.A., and BAKHCHISARAYTSEV, A.Yu. (1999) Calcioburbankite and burbankite from the carbonatites of Vuoriyarvi massif (New data). Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 128, 78 87 (in Russian with English abstract).
Specimens received from, and identified by Dr. Igor Pekov, Moscow State University.
  • Southern Siberia
    • Sayan Mts
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Handbook of Mineralogy
South Africa
  • North West Province
    • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
VERWOERD, W.J. (1993) Update on carbonatites of South Africa and Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 96(3), 75-95.
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Donetsk (Donets'k) Oblast'
New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64; Kryvdik S. G. · Sharygin V. V. · Gatsenko V. O. · Lunev E. S. (2016) Foid minerals from malignites of the Pokrovo-Kireevo massif (Azov Sea region, Ukraine)
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
      • Magnet Cove
Jason B. Smith specimen
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
        • Granite Mountain area
Barwood, H. (2015) Field Trip Report Various Arkansas collection sites . Midwest Chapter Newsletter Volume 29 No.6:5-6
  • Colorado
AmMin 62:158
  • Montana
    • Hill Co.
      • Bearpaw Mts
        • Big Sandy Creek
American Mineralogist: 38: 1169-1183
New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
  • Utah
    • Duchesne Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Uintah Co.
Am Min 46:379-393
  • Lai Chau Province
    • Phong Tho District
      • Mt Fansipan
Feldman l.G., Sarkisyan S.Sh., Boriskin V.P., Purusova S.P., Nguen Van Hoai, Chin Suan Ben (1987) Crystalline beckelite from Nam Se deposit (Northern Vietnam), - Mineralogicheskiy Zhurnal, v.9, N1, pp. 78-86 (in Rus.)
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