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Burtite

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Donald L. Burt
Formula:
Ca[Sn(OH)6]
Colour:
colorless, pale yellow
Hardness:
3
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
Named after Dr. Donald McLain Burt (1943– ), Professor of Mineralogy, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA, authority on mineral equilibria in skarn and greisen deposits, who had predicted the natural occurrence of the compound.
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Classification of BurtiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1980
4.FC.10

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
C : Hydroxides with OH, without H2O; corner-sharing octahedra
6.3.6.5

6 : HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
3 : X(OH)3
7.11.5

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
11 : Oxides of Sn and Pb

Physical Properties of BurtiteHide

Colour:
colorless, pale yellow
Hardness:

Optical Data of BurtiteHide

Type:
Isotropic (+/-)
RI values:
nα = 1.630 nβ = 1.633
Max Birefringence:
δ = 1.630 - Isotropic minerals have no birefringence
Surface Relief:
Moderate

Chemical Properties of BurtiteHide

Formula:
Ca[Sn(OH)6]
IMA Formula:
CaSn4+(OH)6

Crystallography of BurtiteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.12 Å
Unit Cell V:
535.39 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of BurtiteHide

Synonyms of BurtiteHide

Other Language Names for BurtiteHide

German:Burtit
Russian:Буртит
Simplified Chinese:羟锡钙石
Spanish:Burtita

Relationship of Burtite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
JeanbandyiteFe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 ≥ x > 0.5)Tet. 4/m : P42/n
Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pn3m
SchoenfliesiteMg[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pn3
VismirnoviteZn[Sn(OH)6]Iso.
WickmaniteMn2+[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pn3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.FC.05BernaliteFe(OH)3 · nH2O (n = 0.0 to 0.25)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
4.FC.05DzhalinditeIn(OH)3Iso.
4.FC.05SöhngeiteGa(OH)3Tet.
4.FC.10Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
4.FC.10NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pn3m
4.FC.10SchoenfliesiteMg[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pn3
4.FC.10VismirnoviteZn[Sn(OH)6]Iso.
4.FC.10WickmaniteMn2+[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pn3
4.FC.15JeanbandyiteFe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 ≥ x > 0.5)Tet. 4/m : P42/n
4.FC.15MopungiteNa[Sb5+(OH)6]Tet. 4/m : P42/n
4.FC.15StottiteFe2+[Ge4+(OH)6]Tet.
4.FC.15TetrawickmaniteMn2+[Sn4+(OH)6]Tet. 4/m : P42/n
4.FC.20Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
4.FC.20Magnesionigerite-6N6S(Mg,Al,Zn)3(Al,Sn,Fe)8O15(OH)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.FC.20Magnesionigerite-2N1S(Mg,Al,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
4.FC.20Ferronigerite-6N6S(Al,Fe,Zn)3(Al,Sn,Fe)8O15(OH)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.FC.20Zinconigerite-2N1S(Zn,Al,Mg)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
4.FC.20Zinconigerite-6N6S(Zn,Mg,Al)3(Al,Sn,Fe)8O15(OH)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.FC.25Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3SMg2BeAl6O12Trig.
4.FC.25Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2SMg3Al8BeO16Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

6.3.6.1WickmaniteMn2+[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pn3
6.3.6.2SchoenfliesiteMg[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pn3
6.3.6.3NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pn3m
6.3.6.4VismirnoviteZn[Sn(OH)6]Iso.
6.3.6.6Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.11.1RomarchiteSnOTet.
7.11.2CassiteriteSnO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
7.11.4SchoenfliesiteMg[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pn3
7.11.6VismirnoviteZn[Sn(OH)6]Iso.
7.11.7WickmaniteMn2+[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pn3
7.11.8TetrawickmaniteMn2+[Sn4+(OH)6]Tet. 4/m : P42/n
7.11.9JeanbandyiteFe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 ≥ x > 0.5)Tet. 4/m : P42/n
7.11.10NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pn3m
7.11.11Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
7.11.12Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
7.11.13MagnesionigeriteTrig.
7.11.14ArgutiteGeO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
7.11.15BrunogeieriteFe2+2Ge4+O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.11.16StottiteFe2+[Ge4+(OH)6]Tet.
7.11.17CarboiriteFeAl2(GeO4)O(OH)2Tric.
7.11.18OtjisumeitePbGe4O9Tric.
7.11.19BartelkeitePb(Fe2+Ge)[Ge2O7](OH)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.11.20MassicotPbOOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm
7.11.21LithargePbOTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
7.11.22MiniumPb3O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mbc
7.11.23PlattneritePbO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
7.11.24Scrutinyiteα-PbO2Orth.
7.11.25MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
7.11.26MacedonitePbTiO3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
7.11.27CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
7.11.28CoronaditePb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16Mon. 2/m
7.11.29QuenselitePbMnO2(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
7.11.30PlumboferritePb2(Fe3+,Mn2+,Mg)11O19Trig. 3 2
7.11.31Magnetoplumbite(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19Hex.
7.11.32SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BurtiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Cohen-Addad, C. (1967) Étude des hydroxystannates CaSn(OH)6 et ZnSn(OH)6par diffraction des rayons X et résonance magnétique nucléaire. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 90: 32-35.
Cohen-Addad, C. (1968) Étude structurale des hydroxystannates CaSn(OH)6 et ZnSn(OH)6 par diffraction neutronique, absorption infrarouge et résonance magnétique nucléaire. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 91: 315-324.
Sonnet, P.M. (1981) Burtite, calcium hexahydroxostannate, a new mineral from El Hamman, central Morocco. The Canadian Mineralogist: 19: 397-401.
Fleischer, M., Chao, G.Y., Mandarino, J.A. (1982) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 67: 854.
Basciano, L.C., Peterson, R.C., Roeder, P.L., Swainson, I. (1998) Description of schoenfliesite, MgSn(OH)6, and roxbyite, Cu1.72S, from a 1375 BC shipwreck, and Rietveld neutron-diffraction refinement of synthetic schoenfliesite, wickmanite, MnSn(OH)6, and burtite, CaSn(OH)6. The Canadian Mineralogist: 36: 1203-1210.
Welch, M.D., Crichton, W.A. (2002) Compressibility to 7 GPa at 298 K of the protonated octahedral framework mineral burtite, CaSn(OH)6. Mineralogical Magazine: 66: 431-440.

Internet Links for BurtiteHide

Localities for BurtiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Morocco (TL)
 
  • Fès-Meknès Region
    • Meknès Prefecture
      • Meknès
        • El Hammam (El Hamman)
Ph. M. Sonnet : "Burtite, Calcium Hexahydrostannate, a New Mineral from El Hamman, Central Morocco", Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 19, 1981, pp. 397-401.
Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Kavalerovo Mining District
        • Karadubsky ore field
N.V., Gorelikova analytical data
Mineral and/or Locality  
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