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Bytownite

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Formula:
(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
System:
Triclinic
Colour:
Colourless, grey, ...
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous
Hardness:
6 - 6½
Member of:
Name:
Named after its locality ("Bytown," now Ottawa, Ontario, Canada)
A variety of Anorthite

A plagioclase feldspar with an albite : anorthite molar ratio ranging from 10 : 90 to 30 : 70.

The original material, a greenish-white substance, was found in a boulder near Bytown (now Ottawa), and later shown to be a mixture (Robert A. A. Johnston, 1915). This locality now appears to have been lost. Additionally, the original specimens are either extremely rare or no longer exist in collections. Gemmy feldspar pieces are, on occasion, falsely attributed to the original bytownite locality.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Bytownite.


Classification of Bytownite

9.FA.35

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
F : Tektosilicates without zeolitic H2O
A : Tektosilicates without additional non-tetrahedral anions
16.10.1

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
10 : Aluminosilicates of Ca and alkalis

Physical Properties of Bytownite

Sub-Vitreous
Colour:
Colourless, grey, greenish-white, or white
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
6 - 6½
Cleavage:
Perfect
on [001], good on [010]
Fracture:
Step-Like

Optical Data of Bytownite

Type:
Biaxial (+/-)
RI values:
nα = 1.563 - 1.572 nβ = 1.568 - 1.578 nγ = 1.573 - 1.583
2V:
Measured: 86° , Calculated: 80° to 88°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.010 - 0.011
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
r > v strong

Chemical Properties of Bytownite

Formula:
(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Bytownite

Crystal System:
Triclinic

Relationship of Bytownite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
AmazoniteK(AlSi3O8)
Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8
CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
DmisteinbergiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
FilatoviteK(Al,Zn)2(As,Si)2O8
HexacelsianBaAl2Si2O8
Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
KokchetaviteK(AlSi3O8)
KumdykoliteNa(AlSi3O8)
Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
ParacelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
ReedmergneriteNaBSi3O8
RubiclineRb(AlSi3O8)
SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
SlawsoniteSr(Al2Si2O8)
StronalsiteNa2SrAl4Si4O16
SunstoneA variety of feldspar (microcline or oligoclase) that has schiller, commonly with an orange/brown background color, ...
SvyatoslaviteCa(Al2Si2O8)
9.FA.05KaliophiliteKAlSiO4
9.FA.05KalsiliteKAlSiO4
9.FA.05Nepheline(Na,K)AlSiO4
9.FA.05Panunzite(K,Na)AlSiO4
9.FA.05Trikalsilite(K,Na)AlSiO4
9.FA.05Yoshiokaite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O4]
9.FA.05MegakalsiliteKAlSiO4
9.FA.10MalinkoiteNaBSiO4
9.FA.15VirgiliteLiAlSi2O6
9.FA.25LisitsyniteKBSi2O6
9.FA.30AdulariaKAlSi3O8
9.FA.30Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
9.FA.30Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8
9.FA.30CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
9.FA.30Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
9.FA.30MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
9.FA.30OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
9.FA.30SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
9.FA.30RubiclineRb(AlSi3O8)
9.FA.30MonalbiteNaAlSi3O8
9.FA.35AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
9.FA.35Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
9.FA.35AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
9.FA.35Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
9.FA.35Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
9.FA.35ReedmergneriteNaBSi3O8
9.FA.40ParacelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
9.FA.45SvyatoslaviteCa(Al2Si2O8)
9.FA.45KumdykoliteNa(AlSi3O8)
9.FA.50SlawsoniteSr(Al2Si2O8)
9.FA.55LisetiteCaNa2Al4Si4O16
9.FA.60BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
9.FA.60StronalsiteNa2SrAl4Si4O16
9.FA.65DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
9.FA.65MaleeviteBaB2Si2O8
9.FA.65PekoviteSrB2Si2O8
9.FA.70Lingunite(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
9.FA.75KokchetaviteK(AlSi3O8)
16.10.2LisetiteCaNa2Al4Si4O16
16.10.4Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
16.10.5Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
16.10.6MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
16.10.7Faujasite
16.10.8Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
16.10.9BoggsiteCa8Na3(Si,Al)96O192 · 70H2O
16.10.10Herschelite(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
16.10.11Phillipsite
16.10.12Fedorite(Na,K)2-3(Ca4Na3)Si16O38(OH,F)2 · 3.5H2O
16.10.13WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
16.10.14Barrerite(Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2O
16.10.15Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2O
16.10.16Reyerite(Na,K)2Ca14(Si,Al)24O58(OH)8 · 6H2O
16.10.17Lévyne
16.10.18Clinoptilolite
16.10.19Heulandite
16.10.20GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
16.10.21Stilbite
16.10.22Dachiardite
16.10.23OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
16.10.24PerlialiteK9Na(Ca,Sr)[Al2Si4O12]6 · 15H2O
16.10.25Erionite
16.10.26Paulingite
16.10.27Sodium Dachiardite(Na2,Ca,K2)4-5Al8Si40O96 · 26H2O
16.10.28Mazzite-Mg(Mg,K,Ca)5(Si26Al10)O72 · 28H2O
16.10.29RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2O

Other Names for Bytownite

Name in Other Languages:
Dutch:Bytowniet
Estonian:Bütauniit
German:Bytownit
Italian:Bytownite
Lithuanian:Bitovnitas
Portuguese:Bytownita
Serbian (Cyrillic Script):Битовнит
Simplified Chinese:倍长石
培长石
Spanish:Bytownita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Bytownite in petrology

An essential component of (items highlighted in red)

References for Bytownite

Reference List:
Jonhston, R.A.A. "A list of Canadian Mineral Occurrences," GSC Memoir 74, 1915.

Internet Links for Bytownite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-815.html
Please feel free to link to this page.
Specimens:
The following Bytownite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Bytownite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Algeria
 
  • Skikda Province
    • Collo
      • Cape Bougaroun
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 625-638.
Angola
 
  • Huíla Province
    • Lubango City Council
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 1001-1024.
Antarctica
AmMin 36:361-367
Argentina
 
  • Buenos Aires
    • Azul
      • Cachari
Bunch, T. E. & Keil, K. (1971) Chromite and Ilmenite in non-chondritic meteoritics. American Mineralogist 56 (1/2); 146-157 (Jan/Feb 1971)
  • Mendoza
Pagano, D.S., Galliski, M.Á., Márquez-Zavalía, M.F., Colombo, F. (2016): Petrology and mineralogy of the La Peña igneous complex, Mendoza, Argentina: An alkaline occurrence in the Miocene magmatism of the Southern Central Andes. Journal of South American Earth Sciences: 67 (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12553 (2016)
Armenia
 
  • Erevan Province (Yerevan)
Nazarov, M. A., Brandstaetter, F., & Kurat, G. (1995) Angrite-like Clasts from the Erevan Howardite: Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXXVI: 1033-1034. (March 1995)
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Gough Co.
Mason B., Jarosewich E. & Nelen J. A. (1979) The pyroxene-plagioclase achondrites. Smithson. Contrib. Earth Sci. 22: 27-45.
    • King Co.
      • Crookwell
Garcia, D. J. & Prinz, M. (1978) The Binda Orthopyroxene Cumulate Eucrite: Meteoritics 13 (4): p. 473. (Dec 1978)
    • Yancowinna Co.
Birch BH Book
    • Yungnulgra Co.
      • White Cliffs
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 293-322.
  • Northern Territory
    • Central Desert Region
      • Harts Range (Harts Ranges; Hartz Range; Hartz Ranges)
Zia U. Bajwah, Huckitta 1:250 000 Mineral deposit data series, Northern Territory Geological Survey, 1994
      • Jervois Station
Huckitta 1996
  • South Australia
    • Western Region
      • Nullarbor Plain
Weisberg et al., (2009). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 95. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 44, #3, 429-462. (March 2009).
  • Tasmania
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
Taheri, J., and Bottrill, R. S., 1998, Porphyry and Sedimentary-hosted Gold Deposits near Cygnet: New Styles of Gold Mineralisation in Tasmania: Unpub Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania. 1999/01
  • Western Australia
    • Dundas Shire
Cleverly, W. H., Jarosewich, E. & Mason, B. (1986) Camel Donga meteorite - A new eucrite from the Nullarbor Plain, Western Australia: Meteoritics 21 (3); 263-269. ( Sept 1986)
    • Meekatharra Shire
      • Mount Padbury Station
McCall, G. J. H., Wiik, H.B. & Moss, A. A. (1966). The Petrology of the Mount Padbury Mesosiderite and its Achondritic Enclaves. Mineralogical Magazine 36(276): 1029-1060. (Dec 1966).
    • Mount Magnet Shire
      • Dalgaranga Station
New Material From, and a Reconsideration of the Dalgaranga Meteorite and Crater, Western Australia; G McCall, Mineralogical Magazine, Sept 1965 pp476-487
    • Ngaanyatjarraku Shire
      • West Musgrave Block
        • Wingellina Community
Trommsdorff, V., and Wenk, H.-R. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 19, 158-168.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
H. Meixner: 32(3):85-97 (1981)
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
        • Mosinzgraben
          • Mosinz
H. Meixner: Carinthia II 157./77.:88-89 (1967)
    • Karawanken
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Lower Austria
    • Mostviertel
      • Dunkelstein Forest
        • Dunkelsteinerwald
          • Gansbach
D.A. Carswell et al., Eur.J. Mineral., 1989, 1, pp. 455-466.
    • Waldviertel
      • Raabs an der Thaya
LIBOWITZKY, Eugen, FRIEDL, Daniela V. & KOLLER, Friedrich (2012): Ein ungewöhnlicher Fund von Molybdänit im Gabbro von Nonndorf, NÖ. (Moldanubikum, Böhmische Masse).- Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges., 158, 21-25, Wien.
      • Senftenberg
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Styria
    • Graz
      • Wildon
        • Weitendorf
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    • Koralpe
      • Schwanberg
Heritsch, H. (1963) : Exkursion in das Kristallin der Koralpe. In : Mitteilungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereines für Steiermark, Band 93, 1963, p. 178 – 198.
Bangladesh
 
  • Chittagong District
    • Comilla district
Powell, B. N. (1971). Petrology and chemistry of mesosiderites—II. Silicate textures and compositions and metal-silicate relationships. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 35(1): 5-34. (Jan 1971)
Burkina Faso
 
  • East Region
    • Gnagna Province
      • Bilanga-Yanga
Grossman, J. N. & Zipfel, J. (2000). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 84, 2000 September. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 35, #9 (Suppl.): A199-A225. (Sept 2000). ; Kolar, S. E., Domanik, K. J., Musslewhite, D. S. & Drake, M. J. (2002) Bilanga: A Unique Diogenite. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXXIII: pdf.1338 (Mar 2002)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Golden Mining Division
      • West Kootenay District
Telus, M., Huss, H.R., Nagashima, K. & Ogliore, R.C. (2014) Revisiting 26Al-26Mg systematics of plagioclase in H4 chondrites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49 (6): 929-945. (June 2014).
    • Victoria Mining Division
      • Vancouver Island
MINFILE No 092B 010
  • Manitoba
Bernier, Louis R., 1990, Vanadiferous Zincian-Chromian Hercynite in a Metamorphosed Basalt-Hosted Alteration Zone, Atik Lake, Manitoba, Canadian Mineralogist (1990) v. 28:57-50.
  • Ontario
    • Carleton Co.
      • Gloucester Township
António Manuel Ináçio Martins.
    • Haliburton Co.
      • Monmouth Township
    • Rainy River District
      • Bad Vermilion Lake Area
T. Tagai et al. , Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 299-305.
    • Sudbury District
      • Dana Township
OGS OFR5329, P.28-9.
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • La Vallée-de-l'Or RCM
        • Réservoir-Dozois
Olivier Langelier Collection
China
 
  • Anhui Province
    • Anqing Prefecture
      • Yuexi Co.
        • Wumiao
          • Marble quarry
  • Fujian Province
    • Fuzhou Prefecture
      • Pingtan Co.
Jiyue Xue, Yanfeng Cai, and Xiaoning Zhao (1999): Geological Journal of China Universities 5(2), 170-174.
  • Gansu Province
    • Baiyin Prefecture
      • Baiyin District
Shanming Fu, Yongzhang Zhou, Yuansheng Guo, Zhijun Yang, and Wei Fu (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(6), 669-675
    • Jiuquan Prefecture
      • Guazhou Co. (Anxi Co.)
Lishe Wang, Jianguo Yang, Chunlin Xie, Yuxi Wang, Yongxiao Lei, Hongxia Cao, Pengfei Yang, and Yalin Qi (2008): Geotectonica et Metallogenia 32(3), 392-399
  • Henan Province
    • Luoyang Prefecture
      • Luoning Co.
        • Tieluping ore field
Jingwen Mao, Rongfen Zheng, Huishou Ye, Jianjing Gao, and Wen Chen (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(4), 359-368
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Hohhot League (Huhehaote Prefecture)
      • Wuchuan Co.
Youbin Liang (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(12), 18-21
    • Xilin Gol League (Xilinguole Prefecture)
      • Plain Blue Banner (Zhenglan Co.)
Yiming Zhao, Daxin Li, Liangshi Wu, Wenming Chen, Chengyou Feng, Peihua Wang, and Xuedong Gao (2008): Mineral Deposits 27(4), 425-448
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Hanzhong Prefecture
      • Ningqiang Co.
Xiyue Wang, Huimin Zhang, Sichao Wang, and Yuezhen Wu (1987): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 6(4), 296-306
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Ngari Prefecture
      • Gêrzê Co. (Gaize Co.)
Bao Peisheng, Xiao Xuchang, Su Li, and Wang Jun (2007): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 50(5), 660-671.
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Hami Co. (Kumul Co.; Qumul Co.)
        • Baishiquan ore district
Fengmei Chai, Zhaochong Zhang, Jingwen Mao, Lianhui Dong, Zuoheng Zhang, Huishou Ye, Hua Wu, and Xinhua Mo (2006): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 25(1), 1-12
Costa Rica
 
  • Alajuela Province
Cuba
 
  • Santiago de Cuba Province
Roesler, Max (1917) Geology of the Iron-Ore Deposits of the Firmeza District, Oriente province, Cuba, AIME Transactions, p. 77-127.
Czech Republic
 
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Jihlava (Iglau)
        • Stonařov (Stannern)
von Engelhardt, W. (1963): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 9, 65-94.
El Salvador
 
  • Sonsonate Department
www.geo.mtu.edu/volcanoes/central_america/el_salvador/izalco/petro.html a
Finland
 
  • Lapland Region
    • Penikat complex
      • Sompujärvi Reef
Barkov, A., Halkoaho, T., Roberts, A., Criddle, A., Martin, R., Papunen, H. (1999) New Pd-Pb and Pb-V oxides frm a bonanza-type PGE-rich, nearly BMS-free deposit in the Penikat layered complex, Finland. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1507-1524.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Drôme
      • Romans-sur-Isère
        • Saint-Jean-en-Royans
M. Christophe Michel-Lévy, Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 449-458.
  • Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
    • Haute-Saône
      • Château-Lambert
F. André and J. Béhien, Bull. Minéral. , France, 1983, 106, pp. 341-351.
F. André and J. Béhien, Bull. Minéral. , France, 1983, 106, pp. 341-351.
F. André and J. Béhien, Bull. Minéral. , France, 1983, 106, pp. 341-351.
F. André and J. Béhien, Bull. Minéral. , France, 1983, 106, pp. 341-351.
        • Saint-Maurice-sur-Moselle
F. André and J. Béhien, Bull. Minéral. , France, 1983, 106, pp. 341-351.
  • Normandy
    • Manche
Mason B., Jarosewich E. & Nelen J. A. (1979) The pyroxene-plagioclase achondrites. Smithson. Contrib. Earth Sci. 22: 27-45.
French Polynesia
 
  • Society Islands
    • Windward Islands
      • Tahiti
        • Tahiti Nui
          • Papenoo
Lacroix A. (1904): Note sur la minéralogie de Tahiti. Bulletin de la Société française de minéralogie et crystallographie: 27: 272-279.
French West Indies
 
  • Guadeloupe
    • Basse-Terre
Ch. Lefèvre and Ph. Cocusse, Bull. Minéral. , 1985, 108, pp. 189-208.
  • Martinique
    • Le Diamant
Lacroix, A. (1910): Minéralogie de la France et de ses colonies, Librairie Polytechnique, Ch. Béranger Editeur, Tome IV, 821.
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Massing
Mason B., Jarosewich E. & Nelen J. A. (1979) The pyroxene-plagioclase achondrites. Smithson. Contrib. Earth Sci. 22: 27-45.
  • Hesse
    • Gießen (Giessen)
      • Großen-Buseck
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Harzburg
        • Radau valley
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Peckelsheim
Ramdohr, P. & A. El Gorsey (1969) "Peckelsheim" a new bronzite achondrite from Westfalia, Germany (Abst.). Meteoritics 4 (4): 291. (Dec 1969)
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
Greece
 
  • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
    • Komotini Prefecture (Rodopi; Rhodope)
      • Thermes
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1994, 6, pp. 733-738.
Greenland
 
  • Qaasuitsup
Deer, Howie & Zussman (1963) Vol 4, 120
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Karimnagar District
      • Malial
Sharma, I. N. and Prakash, D., 2006, Occurrence of Kornerupine-bearing granulite from Karimnagar, Andhra Pradesh, Current Science, v. 91, p. 678-683.
    • Krishna District
Leelanandam, C, 1997, The Kondapalli Layered Complex, Andhra Pradesh, India : A Synoptic Overview, Gondwana Research, v. 1, Pages 95–114
  • Madhya Pradesh
    • Andore
      • Nimar
Mason B., Jarosewich, E. & Nelen, J. A. (1979) The pyroxene-plagioclase achondrites. Smithson. Contrib. Earth Sci. 22: 27-45.
  • Rajasthan (Rajputana)
Bhattacharjee, N., Ray, J., Ganguly, S., & Saha, A. (2012). Mineralogical Study of Gabbro-Anorthosite from Dumka, Chhotanagpur Gneissic Complex, Eastern Indian Shield. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 80(4), 481-492.
    • Pali District
Shukla, A. D., Shukla, P. N., Suthar, K. M., Bhandari, N., Vaya, V. K., Sisodia, M. S., Sinha Roy, S., Rao, K. N. & Rajawat, R. S. (1997) Piplia Kalan eucrite : Fall, petrography and chemical characteristics. Meteoritics 32(5): 611-615 (Sept 1997)
  • Uttar Pradesh
    • Basti Division
      • Basti District
Schwartz, J. M. & McCallum, I. S. (2001) Evolution of the Basaltic Eucrite, Haraiya 6277: Lunar Planetary Science Conference XXXII, abstract no.2030 (March 2001)
  • West Bengal
    • Bankura District
Mason, B. (1963). The Hypersthene achondrites. American Museum Novitates, #2155, 13 pages.
Indonesia
 
  • Java (Jawa)
    • Jawa Barat Province (West Java Province)
      • Garut
Abdurrachman, Mirzam and Yamomota, Masatsugu (2012) Geochemical variation of Quaternery volcanic rocks in Papandayan area, West Java, Indonesia :A role of crustal component :Journal og the Geological Society of Thailand
Iran
 
  • Tehran Province
    • Karand
Powell, B. N. (1971). Petrology and chemistry of mesosiderites—II. Silicate textures and compositions and metal-silicate relationships. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 35: 5-34.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
www.dinet.it/Mineral-GMC/AMI/vesuvio.html.
  • Sicily
    • Siracusa Province
      • Melilli
S. Tonarini et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1153-1173.
    • Trapani Province
Civetta L., D’Antonio M., Orsi G., Tilton G.R. (1998): The geochemistry of volcanic rocks from Pantelleria Island, Sicily Channel: petrogenesis and characteristics of the mantle source region. Journal of Petrology, 1453-1491.
Japan
 
  • Chugoku Region
    • Shimane Prefecture
      • Oki Islands
        • Dohgo Island
Masaru Yamaguchi (1964) Petrogenic Significance of Ultrabasic Inclusions in Basaltic Rocks from Southwest Japan. Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 163-219.
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto Region
      • Kanagawa Prefecture
        • Yamakita
unpublished analysis
    • Tohoku Region
      • Miyagi Prefecture
        • Sendai
Dr. Yohachiro Okamoto collection (curated at Geological Survey museum, Japan)
  • Kyushu Region
    • Saga Prefecture
      • Imari City
Alfredo Petrov collection
      • Karatsu City (Higashi-Matsuura-gun)
Masaru Yamaguchi (1964) Petrogenic Significance of Ultrabasic Inclusions in Basaltic Rocks from Southwest Japan. Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 163-219.
  • Tokyo Metropolis
    • Izu Archipelago
Itaru Ogitsu: Origin of composition correlation between plagioclase phenocryst and groundmass in basalt lava of Aogashima Volcano. Earth & Planetary Science, Tokyo University
Lithuania
 
  • Panevėžys County
Mason B., Jarosewich E. & Nelen J. A. (1979) The pyroxene-plagioclase achondrites. Smithson. Contrib. Earth Sci. 22: 27-45. ; Steele, I. M. & Smith, J. V. (1982) Ion probe analysis of plagioclase in three howardites and three eucrites: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference 12B: 1281-1296.
  • Utena County
    • Anyksciu
      • Androniski
Mason B., Jarosewich E. & Nelen J. A. (1979) The pyroxene-plagioclase achondrites. Smithson. Contrib. Earth Sci. 22: 27-45. ; Bukovanská, M., Ireland, T. R. & El Goresy, A. (1991) Zircons in Padvarninkai Brecciated Eucrite: Abstracts for the 54th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society. LPI Contribution 766: p.39.
Madagascar
 
  • Antananarivo Province
    • Vakinankaratra Region
      • Antsirabe II District
Rakotondrazafy, A.F.M., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Rakotosamizanany, S., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Maluski, H., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., and Ratrimo, V. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 134-154.
  • Mahajanga Province (Majunga)
    • Melaky Region
      • Morafenobe District
Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p (p.577)
  • Tuléar Province (Toliara)
    • Anosy Region (Fort Dauphin Region)
      • Amboasary District
        • Tranomaro Commune
Delbos, L. (1955): Note sur le gisement d'un mineral nouveau " la hibonite" de' l'Androy Mandrareen" in Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1955, Tananarivo.143-144
Mauritania
 
  • Hodh el Gharbi Region
Duke, M. B. (1978) Aioun El Atrouss - Evidence for thermal recrystallization of a eucrite breccia: Meteoritics 13(4): 443-448. (Dec 1978)
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Casas Grandes
Collectors Edge specimens
  • Durango
www.asahi-net.or.jp/~UG7S-KTU/e_bytown.htm
Nigeria
 
  • Bauchi State
Mason, B. (1967) The Bununu meteorite, and a discussion of the pyroxene-plagioclase achondrites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 31(2): 107-115.
Norway
 
  • Finnmark
    • Hasvik
Bøe, P. (2001): Geologi og mineralogi på Sørøya i Finnmark. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 18, 23-29
  • Jan Mayen Island
www.albany.edu/geosciences/cwhitems.html.
Pacific Ocean
 
  • East Pacific Rise
R. Hekinian et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1985, 108, pp. 691-698.
Poland
 
  • Łódzkie
    • Łowicz District
Powell, B. N. (1971). Petrology and chemistry of mesosiderites—II. Silicate textures and compositions and metal-silicate relationships. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 35(1): 5-34. (Jan 1971)
Portugal
 
  • Bragança District
    • Freixo de Espada à Cinta
      • Poiares
L. Miguel Gaspar and Carlos M. C. Inverno (2000). Mineralogy and Metasomatic Evolution of Distal Strata-Bound Scheelite Skarns in the Riba de Alva Mine, Northeastern Portugal Economic Geology, v. 95, p. 1259-1275,
  • Guarda District
    • Figueira de Castelo Rodrigo
      • Escalhão
Gaspar, L.M. and Inverno, C.M. (2000): Mineralogy and metasomatic evolution of distal strata-bound scheelite skarns in the Riba de Alva mine, northeastern Portugal. Econ. Geol. 95, 1259-1275.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Zheleznogorsk (Korshunikha)
Mazurov, M.P., Grishina, S.N., Istomin, V.E., and Titov, A.T. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(4), 271-284.
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Northern Karelia
        • Oulanka plutonic complex
          • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 1227-1233.
    • Komi Republic
      • Ust'kulom district
Migdisova, L. F., Kononkova, N. N., & Zaslavskaya, N. I. (1988) Eucrite Pomozdino: Mineral Chemistry (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XIX: 776-777. (March 1988)
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Monche-Tundra
          • Monchegorsk
Huber, M., Mokrushin, A., Kudryshov, N., Neradovski, J. (2015): PGE mineralization in the gabbro rocks from the Monchegorsk Region (Kola region, Russia). Mineralogia Special Papers: 44: 46
  • Povolzhsky Region
    • Saratov Oblast'
      • Pavlovka
Mason B., Jarosewich E. & Nelen J. A. (1979) The pyroxene-plagioclase achondrites. Smithson. Contrib. Earth Sci. 22: 27-45.
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Orenburgskaya Oblast'
        • Chakalov
Steele, I. M. & Smith, J. V. (1982) Ion probe analysis of plagioclase in three howardites and three eucrites: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference 12B: 1281-1296.
Saudi Arabia
 
  • Mintaqah Tabuk
Fredriksson, K., Fredriksson, B. J. & Kraut, F. (1986) The Hedjaz meteorite: Meteoritics 21(2): 159-168. (June 1986).
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    • Žarnovica Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
  • Nitra Region
    • Levice Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
      • Červenica
Duda,R. et. all.,1981: MIneralogia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca,Monografia 2, Bratislava, 98p
Ďuďa,R., et al., 1981: Mineralógia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca, Monografia 2, 98s
Duda et. all.,1981:Minerály severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovca,Monografia 2,Bratislava, 98 p
South Africa
 
  • Eastern Cape Province
Frost, M. J. (1971) The Molteno Meteorite; Mineralogical Magazine 38 (293): 89-93. (Mar 1971)
  • Free State Province
    • Thaba Nchu
Labotka, T. C. & Papike, J. J. (1980) Samples of the regolith of the eucrite parent-body: Petrology of Frankfort, Pavlovka, Yurtuk, Malvern, and ALHA 77302. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XI: 1103-1130.
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
        • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
Kottke-Levin, J., Gauert, C., Merkle, R., & Sommer, H. (2008, December). Pilot study of melt inclusions in chromites of the Merensky Reef reflecting melt compositions at Karee Mine, western Bushveld Complex, South Africa. In AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts (Vol. 1, p. 2085).
South Korea
 
  • Gyeongsangbuk-do (Kyongsang-bukto; Gyeongsangbugdo)
    • Ulleung-gun
Atsuo Harumoto (1970) Volcanic Rocks and Associated Rocks of Utsuryoto Island, (Japan Sea). (39pp + geological map)
Spain
 
  • Aragón
    • Huesca
      • Camporrells
B. Azambre et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 379-396.
      • Estopiñán del Castillo
B. Azambre et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 379-396.
Mason, B. (1963). The Hypersthene achondrites. American Museum Novitates, #2155, 13 pages.
      • Sopeira
B. Azambre et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 379-396.
  • Cantabria
    • Santander
B. Azambre et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 379-396.
B. Azambre et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 379-396.
  • La Rioja
    • Logroño
      • Varea
Mason, B. & Jarosewich, E. (1973) The Barea, Dyarrl Island, and Emery meteorites, and a review of the mesosiderites: Mineralogical Magazine 39 (302): 204-215. (June 1973)
  • Madrid
Carlos Anaut analysis (Baikal Geo).
Sweden
 
  • Jämtland
    • Östersund
Agarwal, A., Reznik, B., Kontny, A., Heissler, S., & Schilling, F. (2016). Lingunite-a high-pressure plagioclase polymorph at mineral interfaces in doleritic rock of the Lockne impact structure (Sweden). Scientific reports, 6.
  • Småland
    • Jönköping
      • Månsarp
S.Hjelmqvist: The titaniferous iron-ore deposit of Taberg in the southern part of Sweden. SGU C 512, 1950
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Bregaglia Valley (Bergell)
      • Löbbia
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 297.
Tanzania
 
  • Arusha Region
Jochen Hintze (2010) Lapis, 35, #12, 15-19.
  • Ruvuma Region
    • Nguni
Hsu, W. & Crozaz, G. (1997) Ion microprobe study of the pomozdino and peramiho eucrites: Meteoritics 32 (2): 271-280. (March 1997)
U.S. Virgin Islands
 
  • St Thomas
Thomas W. Donnelly (1962) Wairakite in West Indian Spilitic Rocks. American Mineralogist, 47, 794-802.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Keswick District
        • Keswick
Mark J E - Notes on teh Geology of teh English Lake District Proceedings of teh Geologists' Assoc. Vol 16 No. 9, Aug 1900 p.455
  • Scotland
    • North West Highlands
      • Isle of Skye
Livingstone, A. (1988): Reyerite, tobermorite, calcian analcime, and bytownite from amygdales in a Skye basalt. Mineralogical Magazine 52, 711-713.
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk (Donets'k) Oblast'
    • Central Donbass
      • Gorlovka
Ivanova, M. A., Kononkova, N. N. & Petaev, M. I. (1993) Silica-bearing objects in the Dengli H3.8 and Gorlovka H3-4 chondrites: Twenty-Fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 2: G-M:p. 697-698. (March 1993).
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Tombstone Hills
        • Tombstone District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 330.
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
Daly, John W. (1935) Paragenesis of mineral assemblages at Crestmore, California. American Mineralogist: 20: 638-659. Woodford, A.O., Crippen, R.A., and Garner, K.B. (1941) Section Across Commercial Quarry, Crestmore, California. American Mineralogist: 26: 351-381.
  • Colorado
    • Chaffee Co.
      • Sedalia District
("Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997); U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 829
    • Weld Co.
      • Johnstown
Mason, B. (1963). The Hypersthene achondrites. American Museum Novitates, #2155, 13 pages.
  • Connecticut
Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State
  • Florida
    • Orange Co.
Connolly et al., (2006). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 90, 2006 September. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 41 (9), 1383-1418. (Sept 2006)
  • Georgia
    • Elbert Co.
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    • Jasper Co.
      • Monticello
Rocks & Min.:64:198.
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    • Towns Co.
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
  • Iowa
    • Emmet Co.
Fuchs L H (1967) Abstract of paper presented at the twelfth annual meeting: Stanfieldite, a new phosphate mineral in stony-iron meteorites. The Canadian Mineralogist 9, 289-290
  • Kentucky
    • Wayne Co.
      • Monticello
Olsen, E. J., Dod, B. D., Schmitt, R. A. & Sipiera, P. P. (1987) Monticello - A glass-rich howardite: Meteoritics 22 (1): 81-96. (March 1987)
  • Maine
    • Franklin Co.
      • Farmington
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V.1, p.272.
    • Knox Co.
      • Warren
W. B. Thompson, D. L. Joyner, R. G. Woodman, and V. T. King (2005) A Collector's Guide to Maine Mineral Localities. Maine Geological Survey Bulletin 41
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Nobleboro
Mason B., Jarosewich E. & Nelen J. A. (1979) The pyroxene-plagioclase achondrites. Smithson. Contrib. Earth Sci. 22: 27-45.
  • Michigan
www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-glm-rcim-geology-Minerals_Found_In_Michigan.Pdf.
      • Menominee iron range
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
      • Norway Lake
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
Meyers & Stewart, 1956. Geology of NH: Part III, Minerals & Mines
  • New Mexico
    • Cibola Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Sandoval Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Sierra Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Taos Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
    • Union Co.
Steele, I. M. & Smith, J. V. (1982) Ion probe analysis of plagioclase in three howardites and three eucrites: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference 12B: 1281-1296.
    • Buncombe Co.
Wood, Keith Yates (1996) Petrogenesis and Geochemustry of Kyanite-Bearing Pegmatites in the Buncombe Pegmatite District, North Carolina : Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
    • Cabarrus Co.
      • Concord
Harry y.MvSween,Jr,Thomas W.Sando,Stephen R.Clark,James T.Harden and E.Alliison Strange,The Gabbro-Metagabbro Association Of The Southern Appalachian Piedmont,American Journal Of Science,Vol.,284April/May,1984,P.437-461
    • Dare Co.
Speer,J.Alexander (1981) Petrology Of Cordierite And Almandine-Bearing Granitoid Plutons Of The Southern Applachian Piedmont,USA : Canadian Mineralogist Vol.19,pg-35-46 (1981)
    • Davie Co.
McSween,Jr,Harry Y.,Sando,Thomas W.,Clark,Stephan R.,Harden,James T.,and Strange,E.Allison (1984) The Gabbro-Metagabbro Association Of The Southern Appalachian Piedmont,America Journal Of Science,Vol.284,April/May,1984,p.437-461
Hadley,Jarvis B (1973) Igneous rocks Of The Oxford Area, Granville County,North Carolina,America Journal Of Science,Cooper Vol 273-A,1973,p 217-233
    • Macon Co.
      • Cowee Valley
        • Ellijay District
          • Franklin
Absher and McSween H.Y Jr, 1986, Winding Stair Gap granulite
    • Mecklenburg Co.
McSween Jr,Harry Y.,Sando,Thomas W.,Clark,Stephen R.,Harden,James T.,and Strange,E.Allison (1984) The Gabbro-MetaGabbro Association Of The Southern Appalachian Piedmont,American Journal Of Science,Vol.,284,April/May,1984,P.437-461
Conley.James F. (1962) Geology and mineral resources of Moore County,North Carolina : North Carolina Division of Mineral Resources , Bulletion 76
      • Carthage
Hess, H. H. & Henderson, E. P. (1949) The Moore County Meteorite: A Further Study with Comment on its Primordial Environment. American Mineralogist 34 (3-4): 494-507. (March-April 1949)
    • Rowan Co.
McSween,Jr,Harry Y.,Sando,Thomas W.,Clark,Stephan R.,Harden,James T and Strange,E.Allison (1984) The Gabbro-Metagabbro Association Of The Southern Appalachian Piedmont,American Journal Of Science, Vol.284,April/May,1984,p.437-461
  • Oklahoma
    • Dewey Co.
Brearley, A.J. & Jones, R.H. (1998) Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, JJ - Ed.), Chapter 3: 1-398: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, USA.
  • Oregon
    • Klamath Co.
Howard, D. G. (2008): [Title]. International Micromounters Journal, 15 (3 & 4), 3-6.
  • Pennsylvania
    • York Co.
      • Warrington Township
        • Rossville
Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania; pg 226-228; Geyer, Smith, Barnes, (1976)
  • South Carolina
Prince,Phillip S.,(2004) Geochemistry ,Petrography ,and Mineral Chemistry of Amphibolites From The Inner Piedmont of Northwestern South Carolina
Prince,Phillip S.,(2004) Geochemistry ,Petrography ,and Mineral Chemistry of Amphibolites From The Inner Piedmont of Northwestern South Carolina
  • South Dakota
    • Pennington Co.
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
  • Tennessee
    • Lincoln Co.
Mittlefehldt, D. W., McCoy, T. J., Goodrich, C. A. & Kracher, A. (1998). Non-chondritic meteorites from asteroidal bodies. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 4, 195 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998); Buchanan, P. C. & Reid, A. M. (1996) Petrology of the polymict eucrite Petersburg: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 60 (1):135-146. (Jan 1996)
  • Utah
    • Box Elder Co.
Heyse, J. V. (1975) Garland: polymict-brecciated unequilibrated hypersthene achondrite. Meteoritics 10 (3): 413-414. (Dec 1975)
  • Virginia
    • Augusta Co.
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Pittsylvania Co.
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Washington
    • Clark Co.
      • Washougal
Jérome, D. Y. & Michel-Lévy, M. C. (1972) The Washougal Meteorite: Meteoritics 7 (4): 449-461. (Dec 1972)
    • Snohomish Co.
      • Baring
        • Sunset Falls
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.63
  • Wisconsin
    • Lincoln Co.
Cordua, W. (1998) Minerals of Wisconsin: Rocks and Minerals: 73 (6): 378 - 399
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