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Cadmium

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Formula:
Cd
Colour:
Tin-white with bluish tint
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
1 - 2
Specific Gravity:
8.65
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
From the greek calamine, as element occurs in ores smelted from calamine (smithsonite).
This page provides mineralogical data about Cadmium.


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Classification of CadmiumHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
Approval Year:
1979
1.AB.05

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
B : Zinc-brass family
Dana 7th ed.:
1.1.9.1
1.1.5.2

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
1 : Metals, other than the Platinum Group
1.9

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Physical Properties of CadmiumHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Tin-white with bluish tint
Hardness:
1 - 2 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Malleable
Density:
8.65 g/cm3 (Measured)    8.65 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
Measured on synthetic material

Chemical Properties of CadmiumHide

Crystallography of CadmiumHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Class (H-M):
6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) - Dihexagonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P63/mmc
Setting:
P63/mmc
Cell Parameters:
a = 2.979 Å, c = 5.617 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.886
Unit Cell V:
43.17 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Microscopic grains to 0.2mm.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
2.81(70)
2.58(30)
2.35(100)
1.90(30)
1.52(30)
1.49(20)
1.32(20)
1.26(10)

Type Occurrence of CadmiumHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Found as microscopic grains in a heavy concentrate from a river in the Vilyui Drainage Basin, Russia; presumably weathered out of the Ust-Khannin intrusive gabbro.

Synonyms of CadmiumHide

Other Language Names for CadmiumHide

Afrikaans:Kadmium
Albanian:Kadmiumi
Basque:Kadmio
Belarusian:Кадмій
Bosnian (Latin Script):Kadmijum
Catalan:Cadmi
Corsican:Cadmiu
Croatian:Kadmij
Czech:Kadmium
Danish:Cadmium
Dutch:Cadmium
Esperanto:Kadmio
Estonian:Kaadmium
Finnish:Kadmium
French:Cadmium
Friulian:Cadmi
Galician:Cadmio
Haitian:Kadmyòm
Hungarian:Kadmium
Icelandic:Kadmín
Ido:Kadmio
Indonesian:Kadmium
Irish Gaelic:Caidmiam
Italian:Cadmio
Javanese:Kadmium
Korean:카드뮴
Kurdish (Latin Script):Kadmiyûm
Latin:Cadmium
Latvian:Kadmijs
Lithuanian:Kadmis
Lojban:jinmrkadmu
Low Saxon:Cadmium
Luxembourgish:Cadmium
Manx:Cadmium
Norwegian (Bokmål):Kadmium
Norwegian (Nynorsk):Kadmium
Occitan:Cadmi
Polish:Kadm
Portuguese:Cádmio
Quechua:Kadmiyu
Romanian:Cadmiu
Russian:Кадмий
Saterland Frisian:Cadmium
Serbian (Cyrillic Script):Кадмијум
Serbo-Croatian:Kadmijum
Sicilian:Cadmiu
Simplified Chinese:自然镉
Slovak:Kadmium
Slovenian:Kadmij
Spanish:Cadmio
Swahili:Cadimi
Swedish:Kadmium
Turkish:Kadmiyum
Ukrainian:Кадмій
Uzbek (Latin Script):Kadmiy
Vietnamese:Cadmi

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.AB.MagnesiumMgHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.AB.05RheniumReHex.
1.AB.05ZincZnHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.AB.05TitaniumTiHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.AB.10bDanbaiteCuZn2Iso.
1.AB.10aZhanghengiteCuZnIso.
1.AB.10aα-BrassCu3ZnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
1.AB.10bTongxiniteCu2ZnIso.
1.AB.10aZinccopperiteCu7Zn4 (?)
1.AB.10UM2003-03-E:AgAuCuZn(Cu,Au,Ag)4Zn
1.AB.10UM1980-01-E:CuZnCu3Zn
1.AB.10UM1980-02-E:CuZnCu4.45Zn

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

1.1.5.1ZincZnHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

1.1CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.2SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.5GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.6AuricuprideCu3AuOrth.
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCuTet.
1.8ZincZnHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2Iso.
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZnIso.
1.12MercuryHgTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6Iso.
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2Iso.
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9Hex.
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2Orth.
1.18LuanheiteAg3HgHex.
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.20IndiumInTet.
1.21AluminiumAlIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2Tet.
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)AlOrth.
1.24DiamondCIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.25GraphiteCHex. 6mm : P63mc
1.26ChaoiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
1.27LonsdaleiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.28SiliconSi
1.29TinSnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
1.30LeadPbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.31AnyuiiteAuPb2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mcm
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
1.33ArsenicAsTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.34ArsenolampriteAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
1.35PaxiteCuAs2Mon.
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2Hex.
1.37DomeykiteCu3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10Mon.
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7 Iso.
1.41AntimonySbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.42StibarsenAsSbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3AsMon. 2 : B2
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)Hex.
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
1.48DyscrasiteAg3SbOrth. mm2 : Pmm2
1.49BismuthBiTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.50MaldoniteAu2BiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.51SulphurS8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
1.52RosickýiteSMon. 2/m : P2/b
1.53SeleniumSeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.54TelluriumTeHex.
1.55ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.56RheniumReHex.
1.57IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.60WairauiteCoFe
1.61NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)Iso.
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.64TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.65AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.67PotaritePdHgTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.68PaolovitePd2SnOrth.
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2Hex.
1.70CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.71Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3SnOrth.
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
1.74ZvyagintsevitePd3PbIso.
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2Hex.
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)Iso.
1.82PlatinumPtIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.83HongshiitePtCuTrig.
1.84NiggliitePtSnHex.
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3FeIso.
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFeTet.
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFeTet.
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNiTet.
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)Iso.

Other InformationHide

Magnetism:
Diamagnetic
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for CadmiumHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Oleinikov, B.V., Okrugin, A.V., Leskova, N.V. (1979) Native cadmium in traps of the Siberian Platform. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 248: 1426-1428.
Fleischer, M., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Pabst, A. (1980) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 65: 1065-1070.
Novgorodova, M.I., Zhivtsov, D.A., Gorshkov, A.I., Trubkin, N.V., Tsepin, A.I. (1982) Native cadmium from southern Verkhoyan'ya. Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 111: 304-315.
Gaines, R.V., Skinner, H.C.W., Foord, E.E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A. (1997) Dana's New Mineralogy : The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, 8th. edition: 7.

Internet Links for CadmiumHide

Localities for CadmiumHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Laverton Shire
      • Laverton
Ravensgate Mining Consultants (2007), Independent Technical Report for the Laverton Gold Project Western Australia for Cresecent Gold Ltd, 11/06/2007, Focus Minerald Ltd (2014-2015 drilling campaign) hot copper thread01/05/2015
Kazakhstan
 
  • Akmola Province (Aqmola Oblysy; Akmolinskaya Oblast')
Handbook of Mineralogy
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
      • Verkhoyansk
Novgorodova M.I. et al (1982) Native cadmium from Southern Verkhoyanie, - Zapiski VMO, 111/3, pp. 304-315 (in Russian)
      • Vilyui River Basin (Vilui River Basin; Wilui River Basin)
        • Lower Khann'ya River
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
USA
 
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Mineral and/or Locality  
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