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About CafarsiteHide

Ca5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O
Chemical formula soon to be changed to either Ca16(Na,Fe2+,REE)(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn2+,Al)16(AsO3)28F or Ca16(Na,Fe2+,REE)(Ti,Fe3+,Al)12(Fe2+,Mn)4(AsO3)28F. Fluorine is essential.
Dark brown
5½ - 6
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
For the elements in its composition.
This page provides mineralogical data about Cafarsite.

Classification of CafarsiteHide


4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
J : Arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites; iodates
C : Arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites; without additional anions, with H2O

1 : Miscellaneous

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
5 : Arsenates of Ti and Pb

Pronounciation of CafarsiteHide

PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of CafarsiteHide

Dark brown
5½ - 6 on Mohs scale
3.9 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.5 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of CafarsiteHide

RI values:
n = 2.2
Isotropic minerals have no birefringence
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of CafarsiteHide

Ca5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O

Chemical formula soon to be changed to either Ca16(Na,Fe2+,REE)(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn2+,Al)16(AsO3)28F or Ca16(Na,Fe2+,REE)(Ti,Fe3+,Al)12(Fe2+,Mn)4(AsO3)28F. Fluorine is essential.
IMA Formula:
Ca5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O

Crystallography of CafarsiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
m3 (2/m 3) - Diploidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 15.984 Å
Unit Cell V:
4,083.72 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Space-group Pn-3 (symbol shown above is wrong - Mindat bug).

Type Occurrence of CafarsiteHide

Synonyms of CafarsiteHide

Other Language Names for CafarsiteHide

Simplified Chinese:砷钛铁钙石
Traditional Chinese:砷鈦鐵鈣石

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Quartz10 photos of Cafarsite associated with Quartz on
Agardite8 photos of Cafarsite associated with Agardite on
Magnetite5 photos of Cafarsite associated with Magnetite on
Hematite4 photos of Cafarsite associated with Hematite on
Asbecasite3 photos of Cafarsite associated with Asbecasite on
Fluorite3 photos of Cafarsite associated with Fluorite on
Muscovite2 photos of Cafarsite associated with Muscovite on
Senaite2 photos of Cafarsite associated with Senaite on
Ripidolite1 photo of Cafarsite associated with Ripidolite on
Crichtonite1 photo of Cafarsite associated with Crichtonite on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.JC.10Lazarenkoite(Ca,Fe2+)Fe3+As3+3O7 · 3H2OOrth.
4.JC.15RouseitePb2Mn2+[AsO3]2 · 2H2OTric.
4.JC.20Vajdakite[(Mo6+O2)2(H2O)2As3+2O5] · 3H2OMon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

20.5.2SchultenitePb(HAsO4)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
20.5.3DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
20.5.4BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
20.5.6ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
20.5.7HelmutwinkleritePb(Zn,Cu)2(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
20.5.8ThometzekitePbCu2+2(AsO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
20.5.9Caryinite(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)CaMn2+2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m
20.5.10LudlockitePbFe3+4As3+10O22Tric. 1 : P1
20.5.11GabrielsonitePbFe3+(As3+O3)OOrth. mm2 : Pmc21
20.5.12CarminitePbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
20.5.13SegnititePbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
20.5.14TsumcoritePbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2OMon.
20.5.16MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)Mon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for CafarsiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Graeser, S. (1966): Asbecasit und Cafarsit, zwei neue Mineralien aus dem Binnatal (Kt. Wallis). Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 46, 367-375 (in German).
American Mineralogist: 52 (1967) 1584.
Edenharter, A., Nowacki, W., Weibel, M. (1977): Zur Struktur und Zusammensetzung von Cafarsit, ein As(III)-oxid, kein Arsenat [The structure and composition of cafarsite. Cafarsite, an arsenic(III) oxide without arsenate groups. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 57, 1-16 (in German).
American Mineralogist: 63 (1978) 795.
Kloprogge, J.T. & Frost, R.L. (1999): Raman microscopy study of cafarsite. Appl. Spectrosc. 53, 874-880.
Gatta, G.D., Rotiroti, N., Cámara, F., Meven, M. (2018): On the labyrinthine world of arsenites: a single-crystal neutron and X-ray diffraction study of cafarsite. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 45, 819-829.
Cametti, G., Nagashima. M., Armbruster, T. and Fisch, M. (2018): New data on cafarsite: reinvestigation of its crystal structure and chemical composition. European Journal of Mineralogy, 30, 859-868.

Internet Links for CafarsiteHide

Localities for CafarsiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Bomby Township
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Antigorio Valley
          • Devero Valley
            • Baceno
              • Devero Alp
No reference listed
Albertini C. (1991): L'Alpe Devero ed i suoi minerali. Edizioni Grafica P.G.A., Dormelletto (Novara), 299 pp.; Guastoni A., Pezzotta F., Vignola P. (2006): Characterization and genetic inferences of arsenates, sulfates and vanadates of Fe, Cu, Pb, Zn from Mount Cervandone (Western Alps, Italy). Per. Mineral., 76, 141-150; Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.; Guastoni A. (2009): Monte Cervandone. Recenti novità mineralogiche. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 33, 1 (1-2009), 38-48.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Chummibort
Cuchet, S., van der Burgt, A. und Meisser, N. (2005): Chummibort, eine neue Fundstelle für Arsenmineralien im Binntal. Schweizer Strahler, Nr. 2, 19-29. (in German/French)
      • Kriegalp Valley (Chriegalp Valley)
Schweiz.Min.Petr.Mitt.(1966) 46, 367-375
      • Lercheltini area (Lärcheltini)
[MinRec 27:302]; American Mineralogist, Volume 79, pages 996-1002, 1994
Krzemnicki, M. (1992): As-Bi-Mineralisationen in der Monte-Leone-Decke im Mättital (Binntal-Region). Diplomarbeit, Universität Basel, Switzerland, 122 S.
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