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Calderite

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Formula:
(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3
Colour:
Dark reddish brown to dark yellowish, brown-yellow
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
Named in honor of James Calder, an early writer on the geology of India. The name calderite was first applied to a garnet-bearing rock, and later to a poorly defined massive garnet from India (Clark 1993). Dana 6th (1892) page 433 gave an analysis of the Indian mineral but it is not calderite (it only shows trace Mn). Calderite has faded from the literature and was not regarded as a valid species (Fleischer 1971, 1975), until the a manganese-iron garnet reported by Vermass (1952) from Namibia and the calderite reported from Labrador by Klein (1966) was reinvestigated by Dunn (1979). Dunn recommended revalidation of the species citing the data only from the Namibian and Canadian localities. He confirmed the Wabush calderite as being closer to end-member composition (61.5-72.8% calderite, 38.5-27.2% andradite) than those from Namibia (51% calderite, 36% grossular and 13% spessartine).
This page provides mineralogical data about Calderite.


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Classification of CalderiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.AD.25

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
D : Nesosilicates without additional anions; cations in [6] and/or greater coordination
51.4.3a.6

51 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
4 : Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
14.18.34

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
18 : Silicates of Mn and Na, K, Mg, Ca or Fe

Physical Properties of CalderiteHide

Colour:
Dark reddish brown to dark yellowish, brown-yellow

Optical Data of CalderiteHide

Type:
Isotropic

Chemical Properties of CalderiteHide

Formula:
(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3
IMA Formula:
Mn2+3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Common Impurities:
Ti,Mg

Crystallography of CalderiteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.81 Å
Unit Cell V:
1,647.21 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of CalderiteHide

Synonyms of CalderiteHide

Other Language Names for CalderiteHide

Relationship of Calderite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AlmandineFe2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
AndraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
Berzeliite(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
Bitikleite Group
BlythiteMn2+3Mn3+2[SiO4]3
GoldmaniteCa3V3+2(SiO4)3Iso.
GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
HutcheoniteCa3Ti2(SiAl2)O12Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
IrinarassiteCa3Sn2Al2SiO12 Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
KatoiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4xIso.
KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
KhohariteMg3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
KimzeyiteCa3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
KnorringiteMg3Cr2(SiO4)3Iso.
MajoriteMg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3Iso.
Menzerite-(Y){(Y,REE),(Ca,Fe2+)}3{(Mg,Fe2+),(Fe3+,Al)}2[SiO4]3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
Momoiite(Mn2+,Ca)3V3+2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
MorimotoiteCa3(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
Palenzonaite(Ca,Na)3CaMn2+2(VO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3Iso.
SchäferiteCa2NaMg2(VO4)3Iso.
SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
SkiagiteFe2+3Fe3+2[SiO4]3
SpessartineMn2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
ToturiteCa3Sn2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
UM1984-37-SiO:CrMnMn2+3(Cr3+,Mn3+)2Si3O12
UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
YafsoaniteCa3Zn3(TeO6)2Iso. m3 (2/m 3)

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.AD.05LarniteCa2SiO4Mon.
9.AD.10Calcio-olivineCa2SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AD.15MerwiniteCa3Mg(SiO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AD.20BredigiteCa7Mg(SiO4)4Orth.
9.AD.25AndraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25AlmandineFe2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25GoldmaniteCa3V3+2(SiO4)3Iso.
9.AD.25GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AD.25HibschiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25HydroandraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
9.AD.25KatoiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4xIso.
9.AD.25KimzeyiteCa3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
9.AD.25KnorringiteMg3Cr2(SiO4)3Iso.
9.AD.25MajoriteMg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3Iso.
9.AD.25MorimotoiteCa3(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
9.AD.25PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3Iso.
9.AD.25SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
9.AD.25SpessartineMn2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25Wadalite(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
9.AD.25HoltstamiteCa3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AD.25KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25ToturiteCa3Sn2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25Momoiite(Mn2+,Ca)3V3+2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25EltyubyuiteCa12Fe3+10Si4O32Cl6Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
9.AD.25HutcheoniteCa3Ti2(SiAl2)O12Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.30Coffinite(U4+,Th)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4xTet.
9.AD.30HafnonHfSiO4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
9.AD.30ThoriteTh(SiO4)Tet.
9.AD.30ZirconZr(SiO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
9.AD.30Stetindite-(Ce)Ce(SiO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
9.AD.35HuttoniteThSiO4Mon.
9.AD.35Tombarthite-(Y)Y4(Si,H4)4O12-x(OH)4+2xMon.
9.AD.40EulytineBi4(SiO4)3Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
9.AD.45ReiditeZrSiO4Tet. 4/m : I41/a

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

51.4.3a.1PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3Iso.
51.4.3a.2AlmandineFe2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
51.4.3a.3SpessartineMn2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
51.4.3a.4KnorringiteMg3Cr2(SiO4)3Iso.
51.4.3a.5MajoriteMg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3Iso.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.18.1Nambulite(Li,Na)Mn4Si5O14(OH)Tric.
14.18.2Natronambulite(Na,Li)(Mn,Ca)4Si5O14OHTric.
14.18.3ZakharoviteNa4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2OTrig.
14.18.4NorrishiteKLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.18.5Shafranovskite(Na,K)6(Mn,Fe)3Si9O24 · 6H2OTrig.
14.18.6AbswurmbachiteCuMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
14.18.7Donpeacorite(Mn2+,Mg)Mg[SiO3]2Orth.
14.18.8KanoiteMn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.18.9CaryopiliteMn2+3Si2O5(OH)4Mon.
14.18.10Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
14.18.11Tirodite
14.18.12Manganhumite(Mn2+,Mg)7(SiO4)3(OH)2Orth.
14.18.13BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)Tric. 1 : P1
14.18.14GlaucochroiteCaMn2+SiO4Orth.
14.18.15Truscottite(Ca,Mn)14Si24O58(OH)8 · 2H2OTrig.
14.18.16SantaclaraiteCaMn4[Si5O14OH](OH) · H2OTric.
14.18.17FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)Tric.
14.18.18JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
14.18.19NeltneriteCaMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
14.18.20OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2OHex.
14.18.21InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
14.18.22OrientiteCa8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O Orth.
14.18.23RuiziteCa2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2OMon. 2
14.18.24BostwickiteCaMn6Si3O16 · 7H2OOrth.
14.18.25KittatinnyiteCa2Mn2Mn(SiO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2OHex.
14.18.26LithiomarsturiteLiCa2Mn2Si5O14(OH)Tric.
14.18.27SeranditeNaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
14.18.28KvanefjelditeNa4(Ca,Mn)(Si3O7)2(OH)2Orth.
14.18.29MarsturiteNaCaMn3Si5O14(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
14.18.30RaiteNa4Mn2+3Ti0.25Si8O20(OH)2 · 10H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
14.18.31Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.18.32Byelorussite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2MnTi2[Si4O12]2O2(F,OH) · H2O
14.18.33Deerite(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5Mon.
14.18.35PyroxmangiteMnSiO3Tric. 1
14.18.36Dannemorite☐{Mn2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
14.18.37Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2OAmor.
14.18.38BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
14.18.39ManganbabingtoniteCa2(Mn,Fe)FeSi5O14(OH)Tric.
14.18.40ÖrebroiteMn2+3(Sb5+,Fe3+)(SiO4)(O,OH)3Hex.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for CalderiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Dana 6th (1892), 433.
Fermor, L. L. (1926): On the composition of some Indian garnets. Records Geol. Surv. India, 59, Pt. 2, 191-207.
VERMASS, F.H.S. (1952): Manganese-iron garnet from Otjosondu, South-West Africa. Mineralogical Magazine 29, 946-951.
KLEIN, C. (1966): Mineralogy and petrology of the metamorphosed Wabush iron formation, southwest Labrador. Journal of Petrology 7, 246-305.
DUNN, P.J. (1979): On the validity of calderite. Canadian Mineralogist 17, 569-571. American Mineralogist: 66: 1280.
CLARK, A.M. (1993): Hey's Mineral Index (3rd ed.). Chapman and Hall, London, U.K. (107).
Cenki-Tok, B. & Chopin, C. (2006): Coexisting calderite and spessartine garnets in eclogite-facies metacherts of the Western Alps. Mineralogy and Petrology, 88, 47-68.

Internet Links for CalderiteHide

Localities for CalderiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Forbes Co.
      • Grenfell
Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F. C., Ball, N. A., & Ashley, P. M. (2016). PREPUBLICATION: Oxo-mangani-leakeite from the Hoskins mine, New South Wales, Australia: occurrence and mineral description. Mineralogical Magazine.
Canada (TL)
 
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
KLEIN, C. (1966): Mineralogy and petrology of the metamorphosed Wabush iron formation, southwest Labrador. Journal of Petrology 7, 246-305. DUNN, P.J. (1979): On the validity of calderite. Canadian Mineralogist 17, 569-571.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Savoie
      • Maurienne valley
        • Bonneval-sur-Arc
Cenki-Tok, B. & Chopin, C. (2006): Coexisting calderite and spessartine garnets in eclogite-facies metacherts of the Western Alps. Mineralogy and Petrology, 88, 47-68.
India
 
  • Jharkhand
    • Hazaribagh District
DUNN, P.J. (1979): On the validity of calderite. Canadian Mineralogist 17, 569-571. CLARK, A.M. (1993): Hey's Mineral Index (3rd ed.). Chapman and Hall, London, U.K. (107).
  • Madhya Pradesh
    • Balaghat District
Dasgupta, S., Bhattacharya, P. K., Banerjee, H., Fukuoka, M., Majumdar, N., & Suprya, R. (1987). Calderite-rich garnets from metamorphosed manganese silicate rocks of the Sausar Group, India, and their derivation. Mineral Mag, 51, 577-583.
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Saint-Marcel
Cenki-Tok, B. & Chopin, C. (2006): Coexisting calderite and spessartine garnets in eclogite-facies metacherts of the Western Alps. Mineralogy and Petrology, 88, 47-68.
    • Valtournanche Valley
      • Valtournanche
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Kosovo
 
  • District of Ferizaj
    • Štrpce (Shtërpcë)
Lauf, R. J. (2013) Deerite, Howieite, and Zussmanite. Mineral News, 29, 31, 1-10.
Namibia (TL)
 
  • Otjozondjupa Region
VERMASS, F.H.S. (1952): Manganese-iron garnet from Otjosondu, South-West Africa. Mineralogical Magazine 29, 946-951. DUNN, P.J. (1979): On the validity of calderite. Canadian Mineralogist 17, 569-571. CLARK, A.M. (1993): Hey's Mineral Index (3rd ed.). Chapman and Hall, London, U.K. (107).; Cabral, A. R., Moore, J. M., Mapani, B. S., Koubová, M., & Sattler, C. D. (2011). Geochemical and mineralogical constraints on the genesis of the Otjosondu ferromanganese deposit, Namibia: hydrothermal exhalative versus hydrogenetic (including snowball-earth) origins. South African Journal of Geology, 114(1), 57-76.
Romania
 
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
Hârtopanu P, Vanghelie I, Stelea G, Calinescu E (1997) On the presence of garnet-spessartine-calderite in the Delinesti Mn–Fe deposit. Romanian J. Mineral. 78, 45–52.
  • Maramureș Co.
Udubasa, G., Hartopanu, P., Ilinca, G. (1996). The Regionally metamorphosed Fe-Mn Ore Deposit at Razoare, Preluca Mts., Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineralogy, 77, 3-20.
  • Suceava Co.
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
Minerals of South Africa
Sweden
 
  • Uppland
    • Östhammar
      • Dannemora
Åberg, F. (2015) Mineralogical Study of Manganese Bearing Skarn Minerals and Manganese Content in Magnetite in the Dannemora Skarn Iron Ore Deposit. Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala University
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
      • Nordmark district
        • Jakobsberg ore field
Folvik, H. (2010): Calderitt fra Jakobsberg, Sverige. Stein 37 (3): 7; Folvik, H. (2010): Calderitt og kvalitetssikring. Stein 37 (4): 14
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Hinterrhein Valley
      • Ferrera Valley
        • Ausserferrera
Lapis 36 (2) (2011) p. 14; Brugger J. (1996): The Fe, Mn, (V, Sb, As, Be, W) deposits of Val Ferrera (Graubünden, Switzerland). Unpublished PhD Thesis, Univ. Basel. 188 p.
USA
 
  • California
    • Mendocino Co.
      • Coastal Range
        • Laytonville
Richard Gaines e.a. (1997) Dana's New Mineralogy, p. 1044
Mineral and/or Locality  
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