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Canasite

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About CanasiteHide

Formula:
K3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
Previously given as K2Na4Ca5(Si12O30)(OH,F)4.
Colour:
Geenish yellow
Lustre:
Vitreous
Specific Gravity:
2.707
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named in allusion to its composition, containing CAlcium, sodium (Latin NAtrium), and SIlicon.
This page provides mineralogical data about Canasite.


Classification of CanasiteHide

Approved
9.DG.80

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
G : Inosilicates with 3-periodic single and multiple chains
78.5.4.1

78 : Unclassified Silicates
5 :
17.1.13

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
1 : Silicates with fluoride (not containing Al)

Physical Properties of CanasiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Geenish yellow
Streak:
clear
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Two perfect cleavages.
Fracture:
Splintery
Density:
2.707 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of CanasiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.534 nβ = 1.538 nγ = 1.543
2V:
Measured: 58° , Calculated: 84°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.009
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
r > v weak

Chemical Properties of CanasiteHide

Formula:
K3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4

Previously given as K2Na4Ca5(Si12O30)(OH,F)4.

Crystallography of CanasiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 18.87 Å, b = 7.24 Å, c = 12.60 Å
β = 112°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.606 : 1 : 1.74
Unit Cell V:
1,596.05 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Twinning:
polysynthetic

Type Occurrence of CanasiteHide

Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Reference:
Dorfman M D, Rogachev D D, Goroshchenko Z I, Uspenskaya E I (1959) Canasite, a new mineral. Trudy Mineralogicheskogo Muzeya Akademiya Nauk SSSR 9, 158-166

Other Language Names for CanasiteHide

German:Canasit
Spanish:Canasita

Relationship of Canasite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
FluorcanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30F4 · H2OMon. m : Bm
FrankameniteK3Na3Ca5(Si12O30)(F,OH)4 · H2OTric.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
3 photos of Canasite associated with BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
3 photos of Canasite associated with MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
2 photos of Canasite associated with TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
1 photo of Canasite associated with Delhayelite(Na,K)10Ca5Al6Si32O80(Cl2,F2,SO4)3 · 18H2O
1 photo of Canasite associated with Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DG.CalcinaksiteKNaCa(Si4O10) · H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.DG.Barrydawsonite-(Y)Na1.5Y0.5CaSi3O8(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.DG.05BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.05FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)Tric.
9.DG.05PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.05SeranditeNaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.05WollastoniteCaSiO3Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.05Wollastonite-1ACaSiO3Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.07CascanditeCaScSi3O8(OH)Tric. 1
9.DG.08Plombièrite[Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 5H2O)Orth.
9.DG.10Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 3H2O)Mon.
9.DG.10RiversideiteCa5(HSi3O9)2 · 2H2OOrth.
9.DG.10Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 3H2O)Orth.
9.DG.15FoshagiteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2Tric.
9.DG.20JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2OTric.
9.DG.25ParaumbiteK3Zr2H(Si3O9)2 · nH2OOrth.
9.DG.25UmbiteK2(Zr,Ti)Si3O9 · H2OOrth.
9.DG.30SørenseniteNa4SnBe2Si6O16(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DG.35XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DG.40HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
9.DG.45ZoriteNa8(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 14H2OOrth.
9.DG.45ChivruaiiteCa4(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 13-14H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm
9.DG.50Haineaultite(Na,Ca)5Ca(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,F)8 · 5H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
9.DG.55EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.DG.60EudidymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DG.65ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2OOrth.
9.DG.70Fenaksite(K,Na)4(Fe,Mn)2(Si4O10)2(OH,F)Tric.
9.DG.70LitidioniteCuNaKSi4O10Tric.
9.DG.70ManaksiteKNaMnSi4O10Tric.
9.DG.75TinaksiteK2Na(Ca,Mn2+)2TiO[Si7O18(OH)]Tric.
9.DG.75TokkoiteK2Ca4[Si7O18(OH)](OH,F)Tric.
9.DG.75SenkevichiteCsKNaCa2TiO[Si7O18](OH)Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.80FluorcanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30F4 · H2OMon. m : Bm
9.DG.85MiseriteK1.5-x(Ca,Y,REE)5(Si6O15)(Si2O7)(OH,F)2 · yH2OTric.
9.DG.90FrankameniteK3Na3Ca5(Si12O30)(F,OH)4 · H2OTric.
9.DG.92Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.DG.95YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3Orth.
9.DG.97Eveslogite(Na,K,Ca,Sr,Ba)48 [(Ti,Nb,Mn,Fe2+)12Si48O144(OH)12](F,OH,Cl)14Mon. 2/m : P2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.1.1HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
17.1.3AgrelliteNaCa2Si4O10FTric.
17.1.4Fluorapophyllite-(Na)NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2OOrth.
17.1.5Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mnc
17.1.6Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2OTet.
17.1.7HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2Iso. 4 3 2 : I41 3 2
17.1.8LeucophaniteNaCaBeSi2O6FOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
17.1.9NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.1.10Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.1.11Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
17.1.12ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.1.14Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
17.1.15CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.1.16BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2OTric.
17.1.17ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2OTrig. 3 : R3
17.1.18Rowlandite-(Y)(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)Tric.
17.1.19YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3Orth.
17.1.20Yftisite-(Y)(Y,Dy,Er)4(Ti,Sn)(SiO4)2O(F,OH)6
17.1.21Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.1.22HiortdahliteNa2Ca4(Ca0.5Zr0.5)Zr(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
17.1.23BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2Mon.
17.1.24SeidozeriteNa4MnZr2Ti(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon.
17.1.25Thorosteenstrupine(Ca,Th,Mn)3Si4O11F · 6H2O
17.1.26ZircophylliteK2NaFe2+7Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4FTric.
17.1.27JinshajiangiteBaNaFe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FTric. 1 : P1
17.1.28RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6Tric. 1 : P1
17.1.29NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2Tet.
17.1.30SonoliteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Easily fusible to a transparent glass
Readily decomposed by acids
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Canasite in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for CanasiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
American Mineralogist: 45: 253.
Dorfman M D, Rogachev D D, Goroshchenko Z I, Uspenskaya E I (1959) Canasite, a new mineral. Trudy Mineralogicheskogo Muzeya Akademiya Nauk SSSR 9, 158-166
Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal: 10(4): 31-44.

Internet Links for CanasiteHide

Localities for CanasiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek Rural
      • Aris
[http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
Russia
 
  • Aldan Shield
    • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
      • Murunskii Massif
Solyanik, V. A., Pakhomova, V. A., & Ushkova, M. A. (2008). Charoite–a champion among mineralogical discoveries in the second half of the 20th century. The Journal of the Gemmological Association of Hong Kong, 29, 77-80.
Wolfgang Henckel
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
      • Kukisvumchorr Mt
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Handbook of Mineralogy
      • Yukspor Mt
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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