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Cancrinite

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Yegor Frantsevich Cancrin
Formula:
(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Colour:
grey-green, white, yellow, blue, orange, reddish
Lustre:
Vitreous, Greasy, Pearly
Hardness:
5 - 6
Specific Gravity:
2.42 - 2.51
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
For Count Egor Frantsevich Kankrin (Georg Cancrin) (16 November 1774 – 10 September 1845), Russian Minister of Finance.
Cancrinite Group. Also classed as a feldspathoid.

In the structure there are large channels closed by 12-membered tetrahedra rings. The channels are surrounded by cages set in columns. In the members of "cancrinite subgroup" the cages contain [Na(H2O)]+ clusters.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Cancrinite.


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Classification of CancriniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.FB.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
F : Tektosilicates without zeolitic H2O
B : Tektosilicates with additional anions
76.2.5.3

76 : TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
2 : Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
17.4.7

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
4 : Silicates with carbonates

Physical Properties of CancriniteHide

Vitreous, Greasy, Pearly
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
grey-green, white, yellow, blue, orange, reddish
Streak:
white
Hardness:
5 - 6 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {1010}, poor on {0001}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
2.42 - 2.51 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.49 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of CancriniteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (+/-)
RI values:
nω = 1.507 - 1.528 nε = 1.495 - 1.503
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.012 - 0.025
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low

Chemical Properties of CancriniteHide

Formula:
(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
IMA Formula:
(Na,Ca,◻)8(Al6Si6)O24(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Common Impurities:
Ti,Fe,Mg,K,Cl,S

Crystallography of CancriniteHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Class (H-M):
6 - Pyramidal
Space Group:
P63
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.67(9) Å, c = 5.15(4) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.406
Unit Cell V:
715.96 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
Rarely as prismatic crystals.
Twinning:
Rare lamellar

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of CancriniteHide

Other Language Names for CancriniteHide

German:Cancrinit
Simplified Chinese:钙霞石
Spanish:Cancrinita
Traditional Chinese:鈣霞石

Relationship of Cancrinite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
Alloriite(Na,Ca,K)26Ca4(Al6Si6O24)4(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
Balliranoite(Na,K)6Ca2(Si6Al6O24)Cl2(CO3)Hex. 6 : P63
Biachellaite(Na,Ca,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2(OH)0.5 · H2OTrig. 3 : P3
Bystrite(Na,K)7Ca(Al6Si6O24)(S5)ClHex.
CancrisiliteNa7(Al5Si7O24)(CO3) · 3H2OHex.
Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2Hex. 6/m : P63/m
DepmeieriteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(PO4,CO3)1-x · 3H2O (x<0.5)Hex. 6 : P63
Franzinite(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2OHex.
Giuseppettite(Na,K,Ca)7-8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,Cl)1-2Hex.
HydroxycancriniteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(OH)2 · 2H2OHex.
KircheriteNa5Ca2K(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.33H2OTrig. 3 2 : R3 2
KyanoxaliteNa7(Al6-xSi6+xO24)(C2O4)0.5+x · 5H2O (0 < x < 0.5)Hex. 6 : P63
Liottite(Na,K)16Ca8(Al6Si6O24)3(SO4)5Cl4Hex.
Marinellite(Na,K)42Ca6(Al6Si6O24)6(SO4)8Cl2 · 3H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2Hex.
PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2OHex.
Quadridavyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4Hex.
Sacrofanite(Na61K19Ca32)(Si84Al84O336)(SO4)26Cl2F6•2H2OHex.
SulfhydrylbystriteNa5K2Ca[Al6Si6O24](S5)2(SH)Trig. 3m : P3 1c
Tounkite(Na,Ca,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2Cl · H2OHex.
Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2OHex. 6 : P63
Structurally related to group(s):
Sodalite GroupThe Sodalite group have sodalite stacking producing cubo-octahedral cages that contain the anions and cations which ...

Common AssociatesHide

AndraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline(Na,K)AlSiO4
OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Sodalite47 photos of Cancrinite associated with Sodalite on mindat.org.
Nepheline15 photos of Cancrinite associated with Nepheline on mindat.org.
Annite10 photos of Cancrinite associated with Annite on mindat.org.
Albite7 photos of Cancrinite associated with Albite on mindat.org.
Aegirine6 photos of Cancrinite associated with Aegirine on mindat.org.
Zircon5 photos of Cancrinite associated with Zircon on mindat.org.
Hydronephelite4 photos of Cancrinite associated with Hydronephelite on mindat.org.
Biotite3 photos of Cancrinite associated with Biotite on mindat.org.
Hackmanite3 photos of Cancrinite associated with Hackmanite on mindat.org.
Natrolite2 photos of Cancrinite associated with Natrolite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.FB.05Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05Bystrite(Na,K)7Ca(Al6Si6O24)(S5)ClHex.
9.FB.05CancrisiliteNa7(Al5Si7O24)(CO3) · 3H2OHex.
9.FB.05Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2Hex. 6/m : P63/m
9.FB.05Franzinite(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2OHex.
9.FB.05Giuseppettite(Na,K,Ca)7-8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,Cl)1-2Hex.
9.FB.05HydroxycancriniteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(OH)2 · 2H2OHex.
9.FB.05Liottite(Na,K)16Ca8(Al6Si6O24)3(SO4)5Cl4Hex.
9.FB.05MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2Hex.
9.FB.05PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2OHex.
9.FB.05Quadridavyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4Hex.
9.FB.05Sacrofanite(Na61K19Ca32)(Si84Al84O336)(SO4)26Cl2F6•2H2OHex.
9.FB.05Tounkite(Na,Ca,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2Cl · H2OHex.
9.FB.05Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2OHex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05Marinellite(Na,K)42Ca6(Al6Si6O24)6(SO4)8Cl2 · 3H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05Farneseite(Na,Ca,K)56(Al6Si6O24)7(SO4)12 · 6H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
9.FB.05Alloriite(Na,Ca,K)26Ca4(Al6Si6O24)4(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05Fantappièite[Na82.5Ca33K16.5](Si99Al99O396)(SO4)33 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : R3
9.FB.05KyanoxaliteNa7(Al6-xSi6+xO24)(C2O4)0.5+x · 5H2O (0 < x < 0.5)Hex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05Balliranoite(Na,K)6Ca2(Si6Al6O24)Cl2(CO3)Hex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05CarbobystriteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3) · 3.5H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05DepmeieriteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(PO4,CO3)1-x · 3H2O (x<0.5)Hex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05KircheriteNa5Ca2K(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.33H2OTrig. 3 2 : R3 2
9.FB.10BicchuliteCa2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
9.FB.10DanaliteBe3Fe2+4(SiO4)3SIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10GenthelviteBe3Zn4(SiO4)3SIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10HelvineBe3Mn2+4(SiO4)3SIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10KamaishiliteCa2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2Tet.
9.FB.10LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2OIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10Tsaregorodtsevite(N(CH3)4)(AlSi5O12)Orth.
9.FB.10TugtupiteNa4BeAlSi4O12ClTet. 4 : I4
9.FB.15MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24ClTet. 4/m : I4/m
9.FB.15MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3Tet. 4/m : I4/m
9.FB.15Silvialite(Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)Tet. 4/m : I4/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

76.2.5.1Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
76.2.5.2Bystrite(Na,K)7Ca(Al6Si6O24)(S5)ClHex.
76.2.5.4CancrisiliteNa7(Al5Si7O24)(CO3) · 3H2OHex.
76.2.5.5Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2Hex. 6/m : P63/m
76.2.5.6Franzinite(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2OHex.
76.2.5.7Giuseppettite(Na,K,Ca)7-8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,Cl)1-2Hex.
76.2.5.8HydroxycancriniteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(OH)2 · 2H2OHex.
76.2.5.9Liottite(Na,K)16Ca8(Al6Si6O24)3(SO4)5Cl4Hex.
76.2.5.10MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2Hex.
76.2.5.11PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2OHex.
76.2.5.12Quadridavyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4Hex.
76.2.5.13Sacrofanite(Na61K19Ca32)(Si84Al84O336)(SO4)26Cl2F6•2H2OHex.
76.2.5.14Tounkite(Na,Ca,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2Cl · H2OHex.
76.2.5.15Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2OHex. 6 : P63
76.2.5.16Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(SO4)3|(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2] · 0.5H2OHex.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.4.1TilleyiteCa5(Si2O7)(CO3)2Mon.
17.4.2SpurriteCa5(SiO4)2(CO3)Mon.
17.4.3ParaspurriteCa5(SiO4)2(CO3)Mon.
17.4.4ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
17.4.5FukaliteCa4[Si2O6][CO3](OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.4.6MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3Tet. 4/m : I4/m
17.4.8CarletoniteKNa4Ca4Si8O18(CO3)4(OH,F) · H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mbm
17.4.9Iimoriite-(Y)Y2[SiO4][CO3]Tric.
17.4.10Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.4.11Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2OOrth. mm2
17.4.12Lepersonnite-(Gd)Ca(Gd,Dy)2(UO2)24(SiO4)4(CO3)8(OH)24 · 48H2O
17.4.13AshburtonitePb4Cu4(Si4O12)(HCO3)4(OH)3Cl · H2OTet.
17.4.14Surite(Pb,Ca)3(Al,Fe2+,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(CO3)2(OH)2Mon.
17.4.15Tundrite-(Ce)Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2Tric. 1 : P1
17.4.16Tundrite-(Nd)Na2(Nd,Ce)2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Cancrinite in petrologyHide

An essential component of (items highlighted in red)
Common component of (items highlighted in red)
Accessory component of (items highlighted in red)

References for CancriniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 427-428.
Deer, W.A., R.A. Howie, and J. Zussman (1963) Rock-forming minerals, vol. 4, framework silicates, 310-320.
Foit, F.F., Jr. (1973) Cancrinite with a new superstructure from Bancroft, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist: 11: 940-951.
Grundy, H.D. and I. Hassan (1982) The crystal structure of a carbonate-rich cancrinite. Canadian Mineralogist: 20: 239-251.
Canadian Mineralogist: 20: 239-251.
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 122: 407-422.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (1995) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume II. Silica, Silicates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 904pp., 2 sub-volumes: 109.
Gatta, G.D., Lotti, P. (2016): Cancrinite-group minerals: Crystal-chemical description and properties under nonambient conditions — A review. American Mineralogist: 101: 253-265

Internet Links for CancriniteHide

Localities for CancriniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Afghanistan
 
Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:253
Angola
 
  • Huíla Province
    • Lubango City Council
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 1001-1024.
Antarctica
AmMin 36:361-367
Armenia
 
  • Syunik' Province
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Mt Victor Plumbago Station
Rutherford, L., Burtt, A., Hand, M., & Foden, J. (2007). Billeroo North alkaline magmatic complex: geology and economic significance. MESA Journal 45:33-39
  • Tasmania
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
Bottrill, RS, 1997. The Minerals of the Cygnet District. The Mineralogical Society of Tasmania Newsletter, 25, p.12; Taheri, J., and Bottrill, R. S., 1998, Porphyry and Sedimentary-hosted Gold Deposits near Cygnet: New Styles of Gold Mineralisation in Tasmania: Unpub Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania. 1999/01
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba Department
    • Ayopaya Province
Woolley, A.R. (1987) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world. p 167.
Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection; Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
      • Morochata
Alfredo Petrov collection; Federico Ahlfeld field notes
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Itaju do Colônia
Maria de Lourdes da Silva Rosa, Herbet Conceição, Moacir José Buenano Macambira, Marco Antonio Galarza ,Mônica Pringsheim Cunha, Rita Cunha Leal Menezes,Moacyr Moura Marinho, Basílio Elesbão da Cruz Filho,Débora Correia Rios (2007):Neoproterozoic anorogenic magmatism in the Southern Bahia Alkaline Province of NE Brazil: U–Pb and Pb–Pb ages of the blue sodalite syenites, Lithos vol 97 pp 88-97
    • Itarantim
Conceicao, Herbet, Rosa, Maria de Lourdes da Silva, Moura, Candido A. V., Macambira, Moacir Jose Buenano, Galaraza, Marco Antonio, Correia Rios, Debora, Marinho, Moacyr Moura, Menezes, Rita Cunha Leal, Cunha, Monica Prisgsheim, 2009, Petrology of the Neoproterozoic Itarantim Nepheline Syenite Batholith, Sao Francisco Craton, Bahia, Brazil, Canadian Mineralogist, v 47, p. 1527-1550.
Conceicao, Herbet, Rosa, Maria de Lourdes da Silva, Moura, Candido A. V., Macambira, Moacir Jose Buenano, Galaraza, Marco Antonio, Correia Rios, Debora, Marinho, Moacyr Moura, Menezes, Rita Cunha Leal, Cunha, Monica Prisgsheim, 2009, Petrology of the Neoproterozoic Itarantim Nepheline Syenite Batholith, Sao Francisco Craton, Bahia, Brazil, Canadian Mineralogist, v 47, p. 1527-1550.
  • Goiás
    • Arenópolis
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
  • Minas Gerais
Ulbrich, H. H. G. J., Demaiffe, D., Vlach, S. R., & Ulbrich, N. M. C. (2003). Geochemical and Sr, Nd and Pb isotope signatures of phonolites and nepheline syenites from the Poços de Caldas alkaline massif, southeastern Brazil. In South American Symposium of Isotope Geology (Vol. 4, pp. 698-701).
      • Caldas
Machado (1888)
      • Poços de Caldas
Nomura, S.F., Atencio, D., Chukanov, N.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Cutinho, J.M.V. and Karipidis, T.K. (2010): Manganoeudialyte, a new mineral from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 139 (4), 35-47..
    • Serra do Salitre
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
  • Pará
    • Oriximiná
      • Acaraí range
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
  • São Paulo
http://www.igc.usp.br/geologiausp/iga/art.php?artigo=7
Cameroon
 
  • South Region
    • Kribi
Cesbron et al. (1988)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Golden Mining Division
Grice, J.D. & Gault, R.A. (1981) Edingtonite and Natrolite from Ice river, British Columbia, ; Mineralogical Record 12 221-226. Pell, J. (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
Jones, W. C. (1955) Geology of the Garnet Mountain-Aguilla Ridge Area, Ice River, British Columbia. MSc thesis, University of British Columbia.
Thomas Mumford (2007) Dykes of the Moose Creek Valley, Ice River Alkaline Complex, southeastern BC. MSc thesis University of New Brunswick.
        • Zinc Mountain
Aris Reports 03433
    • Liard Mining Division
Pell, J.Gr (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. British Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
    • Omenica Mining Division
Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Blachford Lake alkaline complex
        • Thor Lake syenite complex
MÖLLER, V. (2016) The Nature and origin of the Nechalacho Rare Metal Deposit (REE, Nb, Zr), Northwest Territories, Canada. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, McGill University, Montreal. 409 p.
  • Ontario
    • Algoma District
      • Finan Township
SAGE, R.P. (1993) Geology of the Herman Lake alkalic rock complex, District of Algoma. Ontario Geological Survey open File Report 5421, 80p.
      • McMurray Township
Sage (1988) Ont. Geol. Survey Study 47.
    • Haliburton Co.
      • Glamorgan Township
Armstrong H.S. and Gittins J. (1968) Geology of Glamorgan and Monmouth Townships , Ontario Department of Mines, Open File Report 5021, p.44-46.
Ref.: Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39
    • Hastings Co.
      • Dungannon Township
[Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]; Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42
[Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]; Mineralogical Record (1990) 21:235-248; Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42
[Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/mdi/data/records/MDI31F04SW00071.html
[Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42
        • York River area
[Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
[Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
[Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
      • Faraday Township
Masson, S. L., & Gordon, J. B. (1981). Radioactive mineral deposits of the Pembroke-Renfrew area. Ministry of Natural Resources.Survey, Mineral Deposits Circular 23, 155
    • Kenora District
      • Squash Lake Area
Sage (1988) OGS Study 49
      • Squaw Lake Area
Sage (1988) OGS study 49.
    • Nipissing District
      • North Bay area
FERGUSON, J. & CURRIE, K.L. (1972) The geology and petrology of the alkaline carbonatite complex at Callander Bay, Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada bulletin 217, 107 p.
    • Peterborough Co.
      • Methuen Township
http://rruff.info/doclib/am/vol34/AM34_452.pdf; Ann P.Sabina (1987), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Hull-Maniwaki, Quebec; Ottawa-Peterborough, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 41; McLEMORE, V. T. (2006). Nepheline Syenite. Industrial Mineral and Rocks, 7th Edition, Kogel, JE, Trivedi, NC, Barker, JM and Krukowsk, ST (Seniors Editors), Society of Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc. Littleton, Colorado, 653-670.
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); Paper 69-50, Geological Survey of Canada, (1970)
    • Renfrew Co.
      • Brudenell Township
Geological Survey of Canada Paper 70-50
    • Sudbury District
      • Bigwood Township
RWMW collection and Dave Joyce personal communication; Dolan, M.L., Hains, D.H. and Ash, D.R. (1991) High Alumina Rocks in Ontario; Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines, Industrial Minerals Background Paper 10, 130p
      • Lackner Township
R. P. Sage (1988) Geology of Carbonatite - Alkalic Rock Complexes in Ontario: Lackner Lake Alkalic Rock Complex District of Sudbury. Mines and Minerals Division Ontario Geological Survey Study 32
R. P. Sage (1988) Geology of Carbonatite - Alkalic Rock Complexes in Ontario: Lackner Lake Alkalic Rock Complex District of Sudbury. Mines and Minerals Division Ontario Geological Survey Study 32
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
    • Thunder Bay District
Mitchell (1991)
      • Killala Lake Area
Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37
  • Québec
    • Laurentides
      • Deux-Montagnes RCM
        • Oka
Gold (1969)
GOLD, D.P. (1972): The Monteregian Hills: ultra-alkaline rocks and the Oka carbonatite complex. 24th International Geological Congress (Montreal), Guidebook B-11.
    • Montérégie
      • Brome-Missisquoi RCM
DRESSER, J.A. (1902) Report on the geology and petrography of Shefford Mountain. Geological Survey of Canada, Annual Report 13, L: 1-35.
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
HORVÁTH, L., & GAULT, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284 359.
    • Montréal
      • Mont Royal
Finley (1930)
    • Nord-du-Québec
      • Baie-James
Traill, R. J., 1970, A Catalogue of Canadian Minerals, Paper 69-45
Nadeau, O., Stevenson, R. and Jébrak, M. (2014) The geology, petrology and geochemistry of the Montviel alkaline-carbonatite hosted lanthanide-Nb ore deposit, Abitibi, Canada. Abstract with Program, GAC/MAC Annual meeting 2014. 1p.
    • Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean
      • Le Fjord-du-Saguenay RCM
        • Saint-Honoré
Currie (1976) GSC Bulletin 239, 109-110
FOURNIER, A. (1993) Magmat!c and hydrothermal controls of LREE mineralization of the St.-Honoré carbonatite, Québec. M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Canada. 95p.
  • Yukon
    • Dawson Mining District
Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
    • Watson Lake Mining District
Geol, Survey of Canada database
China
 
  • Hubei Province
    • Shennongjia Forest District
Shi Li (1991): Geochimica 20(3), 245-254
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Dandong Prefecture
      • Fengcheng Co.
        • Saima complex
Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Akesu Prefecture (Aksu Prefecture; Aqsu Prefecture)
      • Baicheng Co. (Bay Co.)
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
  • Yunnan Province
    • Honghe Autonomous Prefecture
      • Gejiu Co.
Baiyou Chen, Yuru Yu, and Hongfei Jiang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 901-905
Colombia
 
  • Vaupés Department
Arango Mejía, M. I., Zapata García, G., & Martens, U. (2012). PETROGRAPHIC CHARACTERIZATION, GEOCHEMISTRY AND AGE OF THE SAN JOSÉ DEL GUAVIARE NEPHELINE SYENITE. Boletin de Geología, 34(1), 15-26.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Rakovník (Rakonitz)
        • Čistá
No reference listed
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Kivu
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.; Maravic, H. V., Morteani, G., & Roethe, G. (1989). The cancrinite-syenite/carbonatite complex of Lueshe, Kivu/NE-Zaire: petrographic and geochemical studies and its economic significance. Journal of African Earth Sciences (and the Middle East), 9(2), 341-355.
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea Governorate
    • Eastern Desert
Wooley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world, Part 3: Africa. Geological Society, London. 210-211.
Finland
 
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Kuusamo
Sahama, T. G. (1958). A complex form of natural nepheline from Iivaara, Finland. American Mineralogist, 43(1-2), 165-166.
    • Ranua
Mutanen, T. 2011. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen " Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II" toiminnasta 2002-2005.; Mutanen, T. 2011. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen " Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II" toiminnasta 2002-2005.
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Laach lake volcanic complex
        • Kruft
Brauns, R. ; Uhlig, J., Cancrinit- und Nephelin-führende Auswürflinge aus dem Laacher See Gebiet, N.Jb. Mineral.Geol.Paläonolog., Beil. Band 56, Abt. A, 468-498, 1913
        • Mendig
          • Niedermendig
Brauns, R. ; Uhlig, J., Cancrinit- und Nephelin-führende Auswürflinge aus dem Laacher See Gebiet, N.Jb. Mineral.Geol.Paläonolog., Beil. Band 56, Abt. A, 468-498, 1913
Brauns, R. ; Uhlig, J., Cancrinit- und Nephelin-führende Auswürflinge aus dem Laacher See Gebiet, N.Jb. Mineral.Geol.Paläonolog., Beil. Band 56, Abt. A, 468-498, 1913)
            • Wingertsberg
Brauns, R. ; Uhlig, J., Cancrinit- und Nephelin-führende Auswürflinge aus dem Laacher See Gebiet, N.Jb. Mineral.Geol.Paläonolog., Beil. Band 56, Abt. A, 468-498, 1913
        • Niederzissen
          • Glees
Brauns, R. ; Uhlig, J., Cancrinit- und Nephelin-führende Auswürflinge aus dem Laacher See Gebiet, N.Jb. Mineral.Geol.Paläonolog., Beil. Band 56, Abt. A, 468-498, 1913
      • Niederzissen
        • Glees
Blass, G., Graf , HW., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, MW 1/2001
      • Rieden volcano
        • Bell
Blass, G., Graf , HW., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (19. Folge), MW 5/1997
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Kiel
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
      • Igaliku (Igaliko)
Coulson, I. M. (2003). Evolution of the North Qôroq centre nepheline syenites, South Greenland: alkali-mafic silicates and the role of metasomatism. Mineralogical Magazine, 67(5), 873-892.
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
  • Qeqqata
    • Kangerlussuaq Fjord (Søndre Strømfjord)
      • Kangerlussuaq complex
MinRec 16:485-494
  • Sermersooq
Bedford, C.M., 1989. The mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis of the Gronnedal-Ika complex, southwest Greenland. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Durham
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
Christiansen, C. C., Gault, R. A., Grice, J. D., Johnsen, O. (2003): Kochite, a new member of the rosenbuschite group from the Werner Bjerge alkaline complex, East Greenland. European Journal of Mineralogy. 15, 551-554
Guinea
 
India
 
  • Assam
    • Karbi Anglong District
S. Nag, S. K. Sengupta, R. K. Gaur and A. Absar (1999) Alkaline rocks of Samchampi-Samteran, District Karbi Anglong, Assam, India. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences, 108, 33-48.
  • Gujarat
Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts (2011) Mineralogical Magazine p1960
    • Vadodara District
Srivastava, R. K. (1997). Petrology, geochemistry and genesis of rift-related carbonatites of Ambadungar, India. Mineralogy and Petrology, 61(1-4), 47-66.
      • Chhota Udaipur
R. N. Sukheswala and S. F. Sethna (1967) Giant pseudoleucites of Ghori, Chhota Udaipur, India. American Mineralogist 52:1904-1910.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Caserta Province
      • Roccamonfina Volcanic Complex
Giannetti, B. (): Cumulate inclusions from K-rich magmas, Roccamonfina volcano, Italy. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 57, 313-335
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
[Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
  • Latium
    • Viterbo Province
Di Domenico Dario
      • Vico Lake
No reference listed
Signoretti, E., Carlini, R., Mattei, L. (2004): Località minori del vulcano Vicano: Pian di S. Martino, Le Carcarelle, Torre del Quercio. Il Cercapietre, 1-2, articolo 3; http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista04/testo/04A04.html
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Hiroshima prefecture
        • Hiba-gun
Kusachi & Henmi (1990) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 97.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Northern Kazakhstan Province (Soltüstik Qazaqstan Oblysy; Severo-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
  • Zhambyl Province (Jambyl Oblysy; Dzhambulskaya Oblast')
    • Berkuty
Kenya
 
  • Nyanza Province
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Issyk-Kul'skaya Oblast
Konopelko, D., Biske, G., Seltmann, R., Petrov, S. V., & Lepekhina, E. (2014). Age and petrogenesis of the Neoproterozoic Chon-Ashu alkaline complex, and a new discovery of chalcopyrite mineralization in the eastern Kyrgyz Tien Shan. Ore Geology Reviews, 61, 175-191.
Libya
 
  • Al Kufrah District
Flinn et al (1992)
Flinn et al. (1992)
Malawi
 
  • Chitipa District
    • Songwe Complex
Eby, G. N., Woolley, A. R., Din, V., & Platt, G. (1998). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of nepheline syenites: Kasungu–Chipala, Ilomba, and Ulindi nepheline syenite intrusions, North Nyasa alkaline province, Malawi. Journal of Petrology, 39(8), 1405-1424.
Mali
 
  • Kidal Region
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Mexico
 
  • Coahuila
    • Mun. de Sierra Mojada
      • Sierra Mojada
Mineralogical Magazine 1964 33 : 841-852
Mongolia
 
  • Dornogovi Aimag
    • Hövsgöl
Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.
Morocco
 
  • Béni Mellal-Khénifra Region
    • Khénifra Province
      • Tamazeght Mountain Range
Economic Geology May 2000 v. 95 no. 3 p. 559-576 ; Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.; Salvi, S., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Williams-Jones, A. E., & Moine, B. (2000). Hydrothermal mobilization of high field strength elements in alkaline igneous systems: evidence from the Tamazeght Complex (Morocco). Economic Geology, 95(3), 559-576.
  • Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab Region
Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Myanmar
 
  • Mandalay Region (Mandalay Division)
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
      • Mogok Township
        • Mogok Valley
Themelis, Ted, 2008, Gems and Mines of Mogok.
Namibia
 
  • Karas Region
    • Lüderitz District
Jour Pet 39:2123-2136
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek District
      • Aris
Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Jost, B.M. (2012): Origin of water in miarolitic cavities of the Ariskop phonolite, Namibia. Master’s Thesis, ETH Zürich, Switzerland, 64 pp.
  • Kunene Region
    • Khorixas District
Bodeving, S. (2015): Petrogenesis of the Lofdal Intrusive Suite: Implications for rare earth elements mineralization. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. 202 p.
    • Swartbooisdrif
Drüppel, K., Hoefs, J., & Okrusch, M. (2005). Fenitizing processes induced by ferrocarbonatite magmatism at Swartbooisdrif, NW Namibia. Journal of Petrology, 46(2), 377-406.
      • Orotumba
von Seckendorff, V., Drüppel, K., Okrusch, M., Cook, N.J., and Littmann, S. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 430-450.
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Otjiwarongo District
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
New Zealand
 
  • South Island
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
    • Otago
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
    • West Coast (Westland)
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
North Korea
 
  • Kangwon Province
INOUE Tami (1950) Amphiboles and Biotites from the Fukushinzan Alkaline Complex, Korea. Journal of the Geological Society of Japan 56(653), 71-77, 1950-06-25
Norway
 
  • Finnmark
    • Alta
Barth, T. (1927): Die Pegmatitgänge der kaledonischen intrusivgesteine in Seiland-gebiete. Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi Skrifter. 1. Mat.-Naturv. Klasse 1927. No.8. 123p.
Barth, T. (1927): Die Pegmatitgänge der kaledonischen intrusivgesteine in Seiland-gebiete. Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi Skrifter. 1. Mat.-Naturv. Klasse 1927. No.8. 123p.
    • Hasvik
      • Sørøya
Michalsen, A. (2000): Forekomster av mineraler og naturstein på Sørøya. STEIN 27 (2), 4-11
  • Telemark
    • Nome
Årtveit, J. T. (2014): Fensfeltet. Fensfeltet Geologiforening, Ulefoss 2014, 192p.
Mitchell, R.H. (1980): Pyroxenes of the Fen alkaline complex, Norway. American Mineralogist. 65: 45-54
    • Porsgrunn
      • Langesundsfjorden
Brøgger, W. C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral. 16, 663 pp
Brøgger, W. C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral. 16, 663 pp
      • Mørje
Kut Edvard Larsen collection mai 2016
        • Sagåsen
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Larsen, A.O., Åsheim, A. and Gault, R. A. (2005): Minerals of the eudialyte group from the Sagåsen larvikite quarry, Porsgrunn, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter 30: 58-62
  • Troms
    • Ringvassøy
Bøe, P. (2000): En gang av alkaline bergarter i Mikkelvik, Ringvassøy i Troms. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 17, 71-79
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Brunlanes
Dahlgren, S. & Larsen, A.O. (2012): Minerals of the banalsite-stronalsite series in amygdules from the Brunlanes ultramafic series. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 49, 93-100
      • Hedrum
        • Lågendalen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Knut Edvard Larsen collection
      • Langesundsfjorden
        • Arøya (Arö)
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. p. 61-64
        • Barkevik area
Scheerer, T. (1864): Über den Astrophyllit und sein Verhältnis zu Augit und Glimmer im Zirkonsyenit, nebst Bemerkungen über die plutonische Entstehung, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 198 (2/122), 107-138
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240p
Weibye, P.C. (1848): Beiträge zur topographischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde 22:465-544 (p.581)
      • Malerød
Peter Andresen collection, 2015.
      • Tjølling
        • Klåstad
Larsen, K.E. & Stensvold, B.K.(2015): Berylliummineraler og andre sjeldne mineraler i syenittpegmatitter i Skallist larvikittbrudd, Tjølling, Larvik, Vestfold. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2015, 47-56
      • Tvedalen
Svein A. Berge observation 1990
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Peter Andresen collection, 2016.
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Pakistan
 
  • Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)
    • Khyber Agency
Jan, M. Q., Kamal, M., & Qureshi, A. Á. (1981). Petrography Of The Loe Shilman Carbonatite Gomplex, Khyber Agengy. Geol. Bull. Univ. Peshawar, 14:29-43
Paraguay
 
  • Amambay Department
Gomes, C. B., Velázquez, V. F., Azzone, R. G., & Paula, G. S. (2011). Alkaline magmatism in the Amambay area, NE Paraguay: the Cerro Sarambí complex. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 32(1), 75-95.
Romania
 
  • Harghita Co.
vom Rath, G. (1876): The syenite mountains of Ditro. Jahrb. f. Min., 772-773. ; Mauritz, B. (1915): Cancrinite from Ditró. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 55, 206-208. ; Hirtopanu Paulina, Andersen C. Jens, Fairhurst J. Robert and Jakab Gyula (2013) Allanite-(Ce) and its associations, from the Ditrau alkaline intrusive massif. Proc. Rom. Acad., Series B, 2013, 15(1), p. 59–74
http://www.geol.vt.edu/research/gsrs/gsrs2005/Abstracts/afall%201115AM%20F.doc
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Tounkinsk Mts
Dana 6: 428.
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 929-942 (2006)
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
        • Aldan
          • Ryabinovskoe Cu-Au deposit
Kochetkov A.Ya. (2006) Ore contents of alkaline massifs of Aldan shield: Ryabinovskoe copper-gold-porphyritic deposit,- Tikhookeanskaya Geologiya, v.25, N1, pp. 62-73 (in Russian)
        • Eastern Aldan
Shadenkov, Y. M. (1989). Metasomatic assemblages in wall rocks of the Ingili pluton, eastern Aldan. International Geology Review, 31(7), 697-706.
    • Tuva Republic
      • Sangilen Upland
Kapustin, Y. L., & Bykova, A. V. (1965). First find of hiortdahlite in the USSR. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, 161, 121-124.
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/afri.htm
      • Khibiny Massif
        • Eveslogchorr Mt
          • Astrophyllite Stream
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58)
        • Koashva Mt
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
        • Kukisvumchorr Mt
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
          • Marchenko Peak
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/khibiny.htm; Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
        • Rypnetsk Mt.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
        • Takhtarvumchorr Mt
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Veksler, I. V., Nielsen, T. F. D., & Sokolov, S. V. (1998). Mineralogy of crystallized melt inclusions from Gardiner and Kovdor ultramafic alkaline complexes: implications for carbonatite genesis. Journal of Petrology, 39(11-12), 2015-2031; Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.
N.V. Chukanov et al.: Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 133(1):59-72 (2004)
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
          • Umbozero mine (Umbozerskii mine; Umba Mine)
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Khomyakov A P, Shumyatskaya N G, Polezhaeva L T (1992) Shomiokite-(Y), Na3Y(CO3)3·3H2O: a new mineral, Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 121, issue 6 129-132
      • Turii Cape
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/tury.htm; Keith Bell, Elizabeth Ann Dunworth, Andrei G. Bulakh, and Valeriy V. Ivanikov (1996) Alkaline rocks of the Turiy Peninsula, Russia, including type-locality turjaite and turjite; a review. Can Mineral, v. 34, p. 265-280
  • Southern Siberia
    • Sayan Mts
L. Kogarko (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Part Two: Former USSR
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
P.M. Kartashov data
P.M. Kartashov data
Rwanda
 
  • Western Province
    • Gatumba District
Bertossa, A., 1967. Inventaire des minéraux du Rwanda. Bulletin du Service Géologique de Rwanda 4, 25-45.; Daltry, V.D.C. and O. von Knorring (1998) Type-Mineralogy of Rwanda with Particular Reference to the Buranga Pegmatite. Geologica Belgica 1:1-9
Somaliland
 
  • Awdal
    • Borama District
      • Darkainle complex
Mineralogical Magazine 1964 33 : 1057-1065.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Eastern Bushveld Complex
USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A ; Harmer, R. E. (1999). The petrogenetic association of carbonatite and alkaline magmatism: constraints from the Spitskop Complex, South Africa. Journal of Petrology, 40(4), 525-548.
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
Wooley (2001) 269-270.
        • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 194;
    • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
WOOLLEY, A.R. (2001) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, Part3: Africa. Geological Society, London, 384 p.
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna
    • Älvdalen
      • Särna
No reference listed
GFF (1923) 45, 295-334
  • Jämtland
No reference listed
  • Medelpad
    • Sundsvall
Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
  • Östergötland
    • Ödeshög
  • Uppland
    • Uppsala
      • Almunge
Quensel, P. (1912): Undersökningar öfver alkalisyeniten och nefelinsyenit-bergarterna i Almunge socken i Upland. GFF 34 (7), 695-700
Switzerland
 
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Centovalli
Weiβ, S., Fehr, T., Ansermet, S., Meisser, N., Pakhomovsky, Ya.K. (2007): Zirkonführende Nephelin-Pegmatite im Centovalli, Süd-Schweiz: Struktur, Mineralogie und Kristallisationsfolge. Lapis, 32, 6, 24-30.
Tajikistan
 
  • Region of Republican Subordination
    • Tien Shan Mtn
      • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
Uganda
 
  • Eastern Region
    • Mbale District
Sutherland, D.S. (1969): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 24, 114-135.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • St Just District
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
  • Scotland
    • North West Highlands
      • Assynt
        • Loch Borrolan
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk (Donets'k) Oblast'
    • Azov Sea Region
Magdalena Dumańska-Słowik, Bartosz Budzyń, Wiesław Heflik and Magdalena Sikorska (2012)Stability relationships of REE-bearing phosphates in an alkali-rich system (nepheline syenite from the Mariupol Massif, SE Ukraine). Acta Geologica Polonica, 62:247–265
Dmitry Tonkacheev
Kryvdik S. G. · Sharygin V. V. · Gatsenko V. O. · Lunev E. S. (2016) Foid minerals from malignites of the Pokrovo-Kireevo massif (Azov Sea region, Ukraine)
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
Rocks and Minerals, (1976) 51:495-507; American Mineralogist, Volume 77, pages 685-703, 1992
American Mineralogist, Volume 7 4, pages 113-131, 1989
Erickson, Ralph Leroy; Blade, Lawrence Vernon (1963) Geochemistry and petrology of the alkalic igneous complex at Magnet Cove, Arkansas. USGS Prof. Paper 425
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125; Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
  • California
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Coastal Range
W. S. Wise (2006) research at UCSB; American Mineralogist: (1983) 68: 245-254.
  • Colorado
    • Fremont Co.
      • Iron Mountain complex
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Gunnison Co.
      • White Earth District (Powderhorn District)
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 17, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997; USGS ProfessionaL Paper 197A
  • Maine
    • Kennebec Co.
      • Litchfield
West, D. P., Bradley, D., & Coish, R. (2016). The Litchfield pluton in south-central Maine: Carboniferous alkalic magmatism in northern New England, USA. Atlantic Geology, 52, 169-187.
      • Monmouth
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, Vol.1, p.72
      • West Gardiner
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
    • York Co.
      • Shapleigh
No reference listed
  • Massachusetts
    • Essex Co.
Emerson, 1917. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, p.197-198
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.197-198.
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
  • Montana
    • Hill Co.
  • New Hampshire
    • Carroll Co.
      • Moultonborough
Woolley, A.R. (1987), Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World
Wellman, Thomas R. (1971) Feldspathoidal Rocks of the Red Hill Igneous Complex, New Hampshire, Journal of Geology v 79, No. 5 (Sep., 1971), pp. 621-627
  • New Jersey
    • Hunterdon Co.
      • Brookville
Jour. Petrology:10(2):211 (1969).
    • Sussex Co.
      • Frankford Township
        • Wykertown
Am.Min.: 35: 500-507 (1950), Milton, C. & Davidson, N.: 500
      • Wantage Township
        • Libertyville
Rutgers University Bull. #5, Ptar 1: 53-54.
  • New Mexico
    • Colfax Co.
      • Springer
        • Point of Rocks Mesa (Pecks Mesa)
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; 4th Annual New Mexico Mineral Symposium (1985) New Mexico Geology 7:18-19
  • Pennsylvania
    • Bucks Co.
      • Point Pleasant
Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Society of PA, Inc.: 22-23; Grant, R.W. (Apr, 1971) PA Mins. (PM) (99), Keystone Newsletter; Grant (Feb & Mar 1973) PM (122 & 123), Keystone Ne
  • Vermont
    • Rutland Co.
      • Shrewsbury
Woolley (1987), Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World.; Eggleston, J. W., 1918, Eruptive rocks at Cuttingsville, Vermont: Am. Jour. Sci., v. 45 (4th series), p. 377-410.
          • Copperas Hill
Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
  • Washington
    • San Juan Co.
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.66
  • Wisconsin
Falster, A. U., W.B. Simmons, K.L. Webberand T. Buchholz, 2000 , "Pegmatites and pegmatite minerals of the Wausau Complex, Marathon County, Wisconsin", Memorie della Societa di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia di Milano, vol. XXX p. 13-28
      • Wausau Intrusive Complex
        • Stettin pluton
R&M 73:11-12 pp 378-399 Wisconsin Mineral Locality Index
Zimbabwe
 
  • Manicaland
    • Buhera District
      • Shawa complex
        • Dorowa
USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Mineral and/or Locality  
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