IMPORTANT MESSAGE. We need your support now to keep running. Click here to find out why.
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About Carbonate-rich HydroxylapatiteHide

Crystal System:
Named from the Greek word meaning "to deceive"
A variety of Hydroxylapatite

Apatite Group.

A hydroxylapatite with carbonate group (CO3) substituting for some of the phosphate (PO4) group.

Originally reported from Ødegården Mine (Ødegaarden Mine), Ødegården field, Bamble, Telemark, Norway.

An important biomaterial: bone constituent; its precursor is the Unnamed (Amorphous Calcium Carbonate) (Tolba et al., 2016).

Compare 'Unnamed (Ca-Na Phosphate)' - obtained in an attempt of synthesizing of the current phase.

Classification of Carbonate-rich HydroxylapatiteHide


B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
N : With only large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 0.33:1

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
4 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with carbonate

Physical Properties of Carbonate-rich HydroxylapatiteHide


Optical Data of Carbonate-rich HydroxylapatiteHide

Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.603 - 1.628 nε = 1.598 - 1.619
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.005 - 0.009
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of Carbonate-rich HydroxylapatiteHide


Crystallography of Carbonate-rich HydroxylapatiteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.3 Å, c = 6.92 Å
a:c = 1 : 0.744
Unit Cell V:
518.33 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Synonyms of Carbonate-rich HydroxylapatiteHide

Other Language Names for Carbonate-rich HydroxylapatiteHide

Varieties of Carbonate-rich HydroxylapatiteHide

Ornithite'Dahllite' pseudomorphs after brushite. From guano.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Collinsite6 photos of Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite associated with Collinsite on
Magnetite4 photos of Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite associated with Magnetite on
Ferrierite-Mg3 photos of Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite associated with Ferrierite-Mg on
Calcite2 photos of Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite associated with Calcite on
1 photo of Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite associated with on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BN.05AlforsiteBa5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Belovite-(Ce)NaCeSr3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05Carbonate-rich FluorapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)Hex.
8.BN.05ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Mimetite-MPb5(AsO4)3ClMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BN.05Johnbaumite-MCa5(AsO4)3OHMon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BN.05FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3ClHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
8.BN.05HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)Hex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05JohnbaumiteCa5(AsO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05MimetitePb5(AsO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05FluorstrophiteSrCaSr3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05SvabiteCa5(AsO4)3FHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
8.BN.05VanadinitePb5(VO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Belovite-(La)NaLaSr3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05FluorcaphiteSrCaCa3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Kuannersuite-(Ce)NaCeBa3(PO4)3F0.5Cl0.5Trig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05Hydroxylapatite-MCa5(PO4)3OHMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BN.05PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05StronadelphiteSr5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05FluorphosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Carlgieseckeite-(Nd)NaNdCa3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05Miyahisaite(Sr,Ca)2Ba3(PO4)3F Hex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.10ArctiteNa2Ca4(PO4)3FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

22.4.2KovdorskiteMg2(PO4)(OH) · 3H2OMon.
22.4.4Carbonate-rich FluorapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)Hex.
22.4.5TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2OMon. 2/m
22.4.6HeneuiteCaMg5(CO3)(PO4)3(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
22.4.7GirvasiteNaCa2Mg3(PO4)3(CO3)(H2O)6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
22.4.9GartrellitePb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)Tric. 1 : P1
22.4.10VoggiteNa2Zr(PO4)(CO3)(OH) · 2H2OMon.
22.4.11BonshtedtiteNa3Fe2+(CO3)(PO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Other InformationHide

Soluble in HCl or in HNO3. Varieties containing CO3 may dissolve with slight effervescence.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Carbonate-rich HydroxylapatiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Julien (1865) American Journal of Science: 40: 371 (as Ornithite).
Brögger and Bäckström (1888) Ak. Stockholm, Öfv.: 45: 493 (as Dahllite).
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 879-889.
Tolba, E., Müller, W.E.G., Abd El-Hady, B.M., Neufurth, M., Wurm, F., Wang, S., Schröder, H.C., Wang, X. (2016): High biocompatibility and improved osteogenic potential of amorphous calcium carbonate/vaterite. Journal of Materials Chemistry B: 4: 376-386

Internet Links for Carbonate-rich HydroxylapatiteHide

Localities for Carbonate-rich HydroxylapatiteHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Mendoza
    • Malargüe Department
Benedetto, C., Forti, P., Galli, E., & Rossi, A. (1998). Chemical deposits in volcanic caves of Argentina. International Journal of Speleology, 27(1), 16.
Trueman, N. A. (1966). Substitutions for phosphate ions in apatite. Nature, 210, 937-938.
Frisia, S., Borsato, A., Drysdale, R. N., Paul, B., Greig, A., & Cotte, M. (2012). A re-evaluation of the palaeoclimatic significance of phosphorus variability in speleothems revealed by high-resolution synchrotron micro XRF mapping. Climate of the Past, 8(6), 2039-2051.
  • Tasmania
    • Flinders municipality
      • Bass Strait
  • Western Australia
    • Dundas Shire
      • Cocklebiddy Roadhouse
Guano Minerals from Murra-el-Elevyn Cave Western Australia; P.J. Bridge; Govt Chem Laboratories WA; Mineralogical Magazine Dec 1973, vol 39, pp 467-469
  • Carinthia
    • Koralpe
      • Moschkogel - Weinebene area
        • Brandrücken
W. Postl, F. Brandstätter, G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 180./100.:248-251 (1990)
  • Vorarlberg
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Potosí
    • Cerro Huañaquino
Alfredo Petrov (1997) Mineral News, 13, #4.
  • Santa Cruz
    • Velasco Province
Woolley, A.R. (1987) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world. p 167-168.
  • Pernambuco
    • São Pedro e São Paulo archipelago
Washington, H.S. (1929) The American Mineralogist, 14, 369-372.
  • British Columbia
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Francois Lake
  • Northwest Territories
Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., & Mitchell, R. H. (2002). Strontium-apatite: New occurrences, and the extent of Sr-for-Ca substitution in apatite-group minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(1), 121-136.
  • Québec
    • Estrie
      • Les Sources RCM
        • Asbestos
Normand (2001) Experimental and field investigation of serpentinization and rodingitization. unpublished Ph.D. thesis McGill University, Montreal, Quebec
  • Hebei Province
    • Xingtai Prefecture
      • Xingtai Co.
Zhengmin Cao and Weijiong Zhu (1993): Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis 29(4)
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Hanzhong Prefecture
      • Hantai District
Hein, J.R., Fan, D., Ye, J., Liu, T., and Yeh, H.-W. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 95-134.
Czech Republic
  • Olomouc Region
    • Javorník (Jauernig)
      • Horní Hoštice
Pauliš, P., Novák, F., Ševců, J.: Sekundární minerály z uranového ložiska Jelení vrch u Horních Hoštic v Rychlebských horách. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae geologicae, 2004, roč. 89, s. 121 - 138.
  • Greenland
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.180)
  • New Valley Governorate
USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
  • Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples' Region
    • Lower Omo Valley
American Mineralogist, Vol. 64, 1979, pp. 169-171.
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
        • Échassières
G. Aubert : "Les coupoles granitiques de Montebras et d'Echassières (Massif Central Français) et la genèse de leur minéralisations (BRGM, 1969)
G. Aubert : "Les coupoles granitiques de Montebras et d'Echassières (Massif Central Français) et la genèse de leur minéralisations (BRGM, 1969)
    • Drôme
      • Clansayes
        • L'Eause
Ref.: G. Demarcq, 1973, "Guides Géologiques Régionaux : Lyonnais, Vallée du Rhône" , p. 124, Masson.
G. Demarcq, 1973, "Guides Géologiques Régionaux : Lyonnais, Vallée du Rhône" , p. 124, Masson.
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Corrèze
      • Davignac
M.Deliens, C.Lheur, W.Peraud & D.Virlogeux (2004)- Les minéraux d'uranium du Boucheron, près de Davignac (Corrèze)- Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°84, pp 3-25.
  • Occitanie
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Tautavel
Quattropani, L., Charlet, L., Lumley, H. D., & Menu, M. (1999). Early Palaeolithic bone diagenesis in the Arago cave at Tautavel, France. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(6), 801-801.
  • Hesse
    • Wetzlar
      • Waldgirmes
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Arnsberg
        • Hüsten
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Siegerland
      • Siegen
        • Niederschelden
SCHNORRER, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuheiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis 20 (12), 43-48; 62.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge District
      • Schneeberg
        • Wolfgang Maaßen Mine field
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Szalonnai Mts
      • Bódvarákó
Top. Min. Hun.: Minerals of Esztramos
  • Veszprém Co.
    • Bakony Mts
      • Úrkút
        • Csárda Hill
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995; Polgári, M., Hein, J. R., Németh, T., Pál-Molnár, E., & Vigh, T. (2013). Celadonite and smectite formation in the Úrkút Mn-carbonate ore deposit (Hungary). Sedimentary Geology, 294, 157-163.
  • Java
    • Kebumen
      • Karang Bolong Mts
Gunnar Färber
  • Sicily
    • Trapani Province
      • Castellammare del Golfo
Messana E. (1994): Il sistema carsico del gruppo montuoso di Monte Inici (Castellammare del Golfo, TP). Boll. Accad. Gioenia Sci. Nat., 27, 348, 547–562.
  • Kyushu Region
    • Nansei Archipelago
      • Okinawa Prefecture
        • Daito Islands
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Homa Bay County
USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
  • Malta Island
    • Marfa Ridge
John, C. M., Mutti, M., & Adatte, T. (2003). Mixed carbonate-siliciclastic record on the North African margin (Malta)—coupling of weathering processes and mid Miocene climate. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 115(2), 217-229.
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Aldama
Cross, B. & Culp Zeitner J. (2006), Geodes Natures Treasures, P.23
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Durango
      • Cerro de los Remedios
        • Victoria de Durango
No reference listed
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Grootfontein District
      • Kombat
No reference listed
  • Limburg
    • Elsloo
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
    • Hoensbroek
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
    • Maastricht
      • Pietersberg
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
    • Valkenburg
      • Ravensbos
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
  • Overijssel
    • Denekamp
Nijland, T.G., Zwaan, J.C., Visser,D. and J. Leloux (2007) Geologie van Nederland - De mineralen van Nederland. Knnv, Uitgeverij. 104p.
    • Ootmarsum
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
      • Kuiperberg
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
  • Telemark
    • Bamble (Bamle)
Brögger, W. C and Bäckström, H. (1888): Über den "Dahllit", ein neues mineral von Ödegården, Bamle, Norwegen. Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar (Stockholm) 1888 (7),1-4. (Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, pp. 123-124); (Science 155, 1977, 1409); Nickel & Nichols (1991, "Mineral Reference Manual" p35).;
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
      • Locva Mts (Locvei Mts)
Onac, B.P., Zaharia, L., Kearns, J. & Veres, D. (2007): Vashegyite from Gaura cu Musca Cave (Locvei Mountains, Romania): a new and rare phosphate occurrence. International J. of Speleology, 35, 67-73.
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Hunedoara
      • Boșorod
Dumitras, D.-G., Constantinescu, E., Marincea, S., and Bourgier, V. (2005): Proceedings of the Annual Scientific Session of The Geological Society of Romania, Rosia Montana, 20-21 May 2005, 31-36.; D. Dumitras , Si. Marincea (2000) Phosphates In The Bat Guano Deposit From The "Dry" Cioclovina Cave, Sureanu Mountains, Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineral Devosits Vol 79 Suppl pp 43-45
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast
        • Kamensk-Ural'skii
N.A. Grigoriev, Zap. Vses. Mineral. Ob. , 1964, 93 (2), 156.
Saudi Arabia
  • Mintaqah Makkah
Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
      • Vyšná Šebastová
Povondra P., Skála R., Chapman R., 2007: Hydrotermal assemblage of Cl-,F- and OH-bearing apatite-group minerals from Maglovec near Prešov, Slovakia. Canadian Mineralogist, 45, 1355-1366.
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Baix Llobregat
        • Gavà
          • Bruguers
Christoph Boutry and Rui Nunes specimens
      • Vallès Occidental
        • Montcada i Reixac
Rosell, J. & Garrido, J.L. (2006) The minerals of Montcada Hill Quarry. Mineral Up, 2006/2, 16-20.
  • Medelpad
    • Sundsvall
      • Alnö
        • Ås
Eckermann, H. von (1948): The Alkaline District of Alnö Island. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning. Serie Ca 36, 176 pp
  • Norrbotten
    • Kiruna
      • Kiruna town
Flink, G. Bidrag till Malmbergsgruvornas och Kirunavaaras Mineralogi (Sthlm 1924, in Swedish)
  • Lamphun Province
Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 505-508
  • Crimea
    • Crimea peninsula
      • Bakhchisaray area
        • Skalistoye Village
Dvoichenko P.A. The minerals of Crimea (1914) - Zapiski Krymskogo obshchestva estestvoispytatelei (Proceeding of the Crimea Society of Naturalistes), 1914, vol. 4, p. 1-208 (Rus.) - Popov S.P. Mineralogy of the Crimea (1938). - M.-L., AN SSSR, 1938, 352 p. (Rus.)
      • Belogorsk area
Alexander I. Tischenko (1996). Minerals of the Crimea. - World of stones, 1996, #9, p.9 - 18.
[Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]
  • Alaska
    • Valdez-Cordova Borough
      • Chisana District
U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-195
  • Arkansas
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Fancy Hill District
        • Caddo Gap
Econ Geol (1987) 82:1377-1385
  • California
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Coastal Range
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 78.
  • Colorado
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Goose Creek District
Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp587-592.
      • White Earth District (Powderhorn District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Park Co.
Carl (Bob) Carnein Collection
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Poland
King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates.
    • Oxford Co.
      • Buckfield
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V.1.
      • Newry
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V.1.
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V.1.
      • Paris
King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates.
No reference listed
      • Rumford
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V.1.
Scott Soucey and Tim Blake specimens
  • Michigan
    • Dickinson Co.
      • Menominee iron range
        • Randville
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Candelaria District (Columbus District)
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Buffalo Mountain District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • San Antonio Mts
        • Tonopah District
Am.Jour.Sci., 4th ser., 33, 475-482 (1921)
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Toquima Range
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
No reference listed
  • North Carolina
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain District
    • Gaston Co.
      • Bessemer City
Magma Field Trip Reports
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Fourmile
Mineralogical Record: 17: 237-254; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone District
        • Keystone
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
USGS Prof Paper 297A
  • Wyoming
    • Big Horn Co.
Dahllite pseudomorphs after pyrite concretions from Big Horn Basin, Wyoming RS Mitchell… - American Mineralogist, 1958
AmMin 20:693
  • Miranda
Urbani, 1997. Bol. Soc. Venezolana de Espeleología, no.30.
Mineral and/or Locality is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2018, except where stated. relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: November 18, 2018 10:06:38 Page generated: November 17, 2018 01:53:10
Go to top of page