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Carminite

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Formula:
PbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Carmine-red, terra ...
Lustre:
Vitreous, Pearly
Hardness:
Member of:
Name:
Named for its carmine-red colour.
Dimorph of:
The lead analogue of Sewardite. The orthorhombic dimorph of Mawbyite.

A rare secondary mineral formed as an alteration product of (mainly) arsenopyrite in the oxidized zones of lead-bearing deposits.
Structurally related to palermoite.

May be confused with arsenbrackebuschite, also a Pb-Fe-arsenate, but which a much higher Pb content.
Not to be confused with caminite.


Classification of Carminite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.BH.30

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
H : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH,etc.):RO4 = 1:1
41.10.6.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
10 : (AB)3(XO4)2Zq
20.5.12

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
5 : Arsenates of Ti and Pb

Physical Properties of Carminite

Vitreous, Pearly
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Comment:
Lustre pearly on cleavages.
Colour:
Carmine-red, terra cotta-red, reddish brown; red in transmitted light.
Streak:
Reddish yellow
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {110}, distinct.
Density:
5.03 - 5.18 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.405 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Carminite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 2.050 - 2.070 nβ = 2.050 - 2.070 nγ = 2.060 - 2.080
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.010
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r < v strong
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X = Light yellowish red
Y = Dark carmine-red
Z = Dark carmine-red

Chemical Properties of Carminite

Formula:
PbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Carminite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Cccm
Cell Parameters:
a = 16.591 Å, b = 7.58 Å, c = 12.285 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.189 : 1 : 1.621
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,544.96 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8
Morphology:
Crystals lath-like, flattened on {010}, elongated [001] and exhibiting {010}, {110}, {011} plus other forms. As needle-like crystals; tufted or spherical aggregates; fibrous, drusy, massive.

Type Occurrence of Carminite

Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Relationship of Carminite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
CrimsonitePbFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
SewarditeCaFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
8.BH.05ThadeuiteCa(Mg,Fe2+)3(PO4)2(OH,F)2
8.BH.10DurangiteNaAl(AsO4)F
8.BH.10IsokiteCaMg(PO4)F
8.BH.10LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)F
8.BH.10MaxwelliteNaFe3+(AsO4)F
8.BH.10PanasqueiraiteCaMg(PO4)(OH,F)
8.BH.10TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
8.BH.15DrugmanitePb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
8.BH.20Bjarebyite(Ba,Sr)(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3
8.BH.20CirroliteCa3Al2(PO4)3(OH)3 (?)
8.BH.20KulaniteBa(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)2(PO4)3(OH)3
8.BH.20PenikisiteBa(Mg,Fe2+,Ca)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3
8.BH.20PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3
8.BH.20JohntomaiteBaFe22+Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3
8.BH.25Bertossaite(Li,Na)2(Ca,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)4(OH,F)4
8.BH.25Palermoite(Li,Na)2(Sr,Ca)Al4(PO4)4(OH)4
8.BH.30SewarditeCaFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
8.BH.35AdeliteCaMg(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35CobaltaustiniteCaCo(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35GabrielsonitePbFe(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35NickelaustiniteCaNi(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
8.BH.35GottlobiteCaMg(VO4,AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35HermannroseiteCaCu(PO4)(OH)
8.BH.40ČechitePbFe2+(VO4)(OH)
8.BH.40DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
8.BH.40MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
8.BH.40PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
8.BH.45BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
8.BH.45VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
8.BH.50PaganoiteNiBi(AsO4)O
8.BH.55JagoweriteBaAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
8.BH.60Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4
8.BH.65LeningraditePbCu3(VO4)2Cl
20.5.1CafarsiteCa5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O
20.5.2SchultenitePb(HAsO4)
20.5.3DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
20.5.4BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
20.5.5PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
20.5.6ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
20.5.7HelmutwinkleritePb(Zn,Cu)2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
20.5.8ThometzekitePb(Cu,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
20.5.9Caryinite(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)CaMn22+(AsO4)3
20.5.10LudlockitePbFe43+As103+O22
20.5.11GabrielsonitePbFe(AsO4)(OH)
20.5.13SegnititePbFe33+(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)6
20.5.14TsumcoritePbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
20.5.15JamesitePb2Zn(Fe2+,Zn)2Fe43+(AsO4)4(OH)10
20.5.16MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
20.5.17ArsenbrackenbuschitePb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)

Other Names for Carminite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Other Information:
Slowly soluble in HCl with the separation of PbCl2 and totally soluble in HNO3.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Carminite

Reference List:
Sandberger (1850) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 80: 391 (as Carminspath).

Dana, J.D. (1854) System of Mineralogy, 4th. Edition, New York: 410.

Sandberger (1858) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 103: 345 (as Carminspath).

Larsen, E.S. and Berman, H. (1934) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, Second edition, USGS Bulletin 848: 143.

Foshag (1937) American Mineralogist: 22: 479-484.

Le Mesurier (1939) Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia: 25: 137.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 912.

Rosenzweig, A. and J.J. Finney (1959) The unit cell of carminite. American Mineralogist: 44: 663–665.

Olmi, F. and C. Sabelli (1995) Carminite from three localities of Sardinia (Italy). Crystal structure refinements. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Monatsh., 553–562.

Kharisun, M.R. Taylor, D.J.M. Bevan, and A. Pring (1996) The crystal structure of carminite: refinement and bond valence calculations. Mineralogical Magazine: 60: 805–811.

Internet Links for Carminite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-905.html
Please feel free to link to this page.
Specimens:
The following Carminite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Carminite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Algeria
 
  • Constantine Province
    • Guelma
      • Djebel Nador
Jasun McAvoy specimen
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Gough Co.
      • Elsmore
Rankin, J., Lawrence, L. J., Sharpe, J. L. and Williams, P. A. (2002): Rare secondary bismuth, tungsten and molybdenum minerals from Elsmore, New England district of New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 8, 55-60.
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
        • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Australian Mineralogist (1997): 3: 1.
Elliott, P., and Pring, A. (2015) Yancowinnaite, a new mineral from the Kintore Opencut, Broken Hill, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 17, 73–76.
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Clarendon
Kolitsch, U. and Elliott, P. (1999): Mineralogy of the Mount Malvern Mine near Clarendon, South Australia. Australian J. Mineral. 5, 3-17.
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
Nickel, E.H., Gartrell, B.J. (1993) Secondary Minerals of Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993) 24:3: 203-218.
Ashburtonite, a new bicarbonate-silicate mineral from Ashburton Downs; J.D. Grice, E.H. Nickel, R.A. Gault; American Mineralogist, Vol 76, 001701-1707, 1991
      • Wyloo Station
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 913. Ferguson, K.M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 15.
Ferguson, K.M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 15.
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Industrieviertel
      • Bucklige Welt
        • Wiesmath
Kolitsch, U., Bernhardt, F., Brandstätter, F. & Schachinger, T. (2010): 1658) Arsenopyrit, Bariopharmakosiderit, Baryt, Covellin, Jarosit, Karminit?, Mawbyit?, Mimetesit, Philipsbornit, Plumbojarosit, Pyrit, Pyromorphit, Schwefel, Segnitit, Sphalerit und Wulfenit vom Sperkerriegel bei Wiesmath, Bucklige Welt. Pp. 243-245 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
  • Styria
    • Birkfeld
      • Gasen
Bojar, H.-P. (1993)
    • Fischbacher Alpen
      • Rettenegg
        • Prinzkogel (Prinzenkogel)
          • Prinzkogel mines
            • Southern District
Jakely, D. et al. (2008)
Belgium
 
  • Luxembourg Province
    • Stavelot Massif
      • Vielsalm
        • Grand Halleux
Lefevre, P., (2001). La présence d'arsenic dans les filons à sulfures du Devillien de Hourt, Massif de Stavelot, Belgium. Mémoire de licence en sciences géologiques et minéralogiques, Université de Liège, année 2000-2001.
China
 
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Baise Prefecture
      • Debao Co.
Yi Li and Lairen Lai (1998): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 18(4), 441-444; Yi Li (2001): Guangxi Geology 14(1), 61-64; Yi Li and Lairen Lai (2003): Mineral Resources and Geology 17(2), 170-172
    • Hezhou Prefecture
Yi Li and Lairen Lai (2004): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 24(2), 6-8
  • Hunan Province
    • Hengyang Prefecture
      • Nanyue District
Guangming Yang (1980): Geology and Prospecting 16(7), 35-40
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Dubí (Eichwald)
Sejkora, J.: Minerály ložiska Moldava v Krušných horách. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 110-116.
Sejkora, J., Škovíra, J., Čejka, J. & Plášil, J. (2009): Cu-rich members of the beudantite-segnitite series from the Krupka ore district, the Krušné hory Mountains, Czech Republic. Journal of Geosciences, 54, 355-371.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
        • Échassières
Chollet pascal collection
Pierre Le Roch & Jean-Marc Johannet collections
Le Règne Minéral, (33), 5-25; Mestrom, P., Lustenhouwer, W. & Kars, S. (2011): Les Montmins (Massif Central, F) nader bekeken. GEA, 44 (1), 16-21 (in Dutch).
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Puy-Guillaume
http://perso.wanadoo.fr/roannemineraux/micromontage.htm
P.-C. Guiollard (2002), L'uranium du Morvan et du Forez, Ed. P.-C. Guiollard, Fichous(64), 95 pp.
Patrice Queneau Collection
    • Rhône
      • Beaujeu
        • Les Ardillats
Favreau G., Legris J-R., Dardillac M. (1996), La Verrière (Rhône): Histoire et Minéralogie, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, pp:3-28
      • Poule-les-Echarmeaux
Valverde J. (1999) L'ancienne mine de plomb argentifère de Longefay (Rhône), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 66(4), 14-24.
  • Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
    • Nièvre
      • Villapourçon
        • Châtillon Forest
GOURAULT C. (2011) - Minéralogie de la mine du Prabis ( Villapourcon, Nievre, France) . BOURGOGNE NATURE, n° 13, p. 96-116, 5 fig.
Personally collected by Yves MOUREY in 2011
  • Brittany
    • Côtes-d'Armor
      • Gouarec
Le Roch, P. (2009): Travaux routiers... et découvertes dans les Côtes-d'Armor, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 103, 19-22.
    • Finistère
      • Laz
Germain C., Saget Ph., Tissier J.P. (1990), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°1, pp: 11-19
  • Grand Est
    • Bas-Rhin
      • Villé Valley
        • Urbeis
Thierry Brunsperger collection.
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat
Jean Chervet collection
      • Saint-Yrieix-la-Perche
Queneau Patrice collection
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Padern
http://www.zampano.com/minmax/fundort.php3?lang=US&fp=1975&foid=1549]
    • Aveyron
      • Lunel
      • Monteils
- Favreau G., Eytier J-R., Eytier C. (2010), Les minéraux de la mine de Falgayrolles (Aveyron), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°109
    • Gard
      • Mercoirol
Le Cahier des micromonteurs, 1995, n°4, 14-29
    • Tarn
      • Castelnau-de-Brassac
        • Fumade
Favreau, G., Bernadi, G. & Gayraud, L. (2013): Fumade (Tarn): descriptions complémentaires des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 119, 3-25.
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
[UKJMM 2:11-15 "Cap Garonne Secondary Copper and Lead - W.R. van den Berg"]
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Emmendingen
        • Freiamt Pb-Cu mining District
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
      • Lahr
        • Reichenbach
          • Weiler
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Münstertal
        • Belchen
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Lapis 21(12), 43 (1996)
        • Hofsgrund (South field)
Holger Klapproth collection
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
Slotta, C. (2016): Von Carlhintzeit bis Pradeit: Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Schwarzwald. Lapis 41 (2), 30-31. (in German)
      • Schramberg
        • Falkenstein valley
No reference listed
      • Todtnau
http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Baden-W%FCrttemberg/Schwarzwald/Todtnau/Lisb%FChl
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Waidhaus
M.E. Ciriotti - 05.06.2008 - Probed
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Lautertal (Odenwald)
        • Raidelbach
          • Katzenstein
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
        • Reichenbach
          • Borstein
In the collection of Brent Thorne. Collected by Klaus Pettijean in 1997.
          • Hohenstein
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
S Wolfsried collection
Lapis, 12 (10), 23-32+58.
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • St Andreasberg District
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Bergisches Land
      • Engelskirchen
        • Loope
Habel, B. & Linder, R. (2009): Die Grube "Castor" bei Loope und ihre Mineralien. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 10-23
    • Siegerland
      • Müsen
Schnorrer, K., Pfeiffer, F. (2008): Leogangit ein neues Mineral von der ehemaligen Grube Wildermann in Müsen im Siegerland, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 59, 405-408
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Lahn valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
    • Westerwald
      • Linz am Rhein
        • Kalenborn
          • Kasbach
Markl, G., (1990): Die Grube Clemenslust bei Kalenborn im Siebengebirge, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 41, 185-201
      • Wied Iron Spar District
        • Altenkirchen
          • Bürdenbach
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 913.
        • Neuwied
          • Dernbach
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 14; Krause, W., (1988): Perroudit und Karminit von der Grube "Schöne Aussicht" bei Dernbach, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 39, 169-175
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Harzgerode mining district
        • Mägdesprung
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
        • Straßberg
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Clausnitz - Sayda District
        • Sayda
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Ehrenfriedersdorf
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Niederschlag-Bärenstein District
        • Bärenstein
          • Niederschlag
Lapis, 19 (4), 13-22+50.
      • Schneeberg District
        • Neustädtel
Lapis 30(7/8):77 (2005)
      • Schwarzenberg District
        • Langenberg
          • Graul
http://www.dergraul.de
http://www.dergraul.de
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52; Niceus, G. (1986): Karminit aus der Oxidationszone von Lavrion. Lapis 11 (6), 30-31.[article doesn't state exact locality but sample is from the big Kamariza dump (G. Niceus, pers. comm. to U. Kolitsch, 2012)]
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German).
No reference listed
Lapis No.7/8 1999 p.70-74; Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47.; GRÖBNER, J. (2001): Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21.
Hungary
 
  • Fejér Co.
    • Velencei Mts
      • Lovasberény
        • Meleg Hill
Szakáll-Gatter-Szendrei: Mineral species of Hungary, 2005
  • Pest Co.
    • Börzsöny Mts
      • Nagybörzsöny (Deutsch Pilsen; Deutschpilsen)
HOM Collection,Own found
Italy
 
  • Friuli-Venezia Giulia
    • Udine Province
      • Paluzza
        • Timau
          • Casera Pramosio (Malga Pramosio)-Monte Avostanis/Blaustein area
- Bortolozzi G.M., Pondrelli M. e Vidus L. (2015) : I minerali della Creta di Timau (Lago Avostanis, Paluzza, Udine): riscoperta di un’antica località mineraria. Gortania, 37, 15-31.
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
      • Bergeggi
Bracco R., Balestra C. (2007): Ancora una nuova località: Monte S. Elena (Bergeggi, SV). Prie, 3, 126-132; Balestra C., Ciriotti M.E., Bracco R. (2011): Su alcune novità mineralogiche liguri caratterizzate dal SIUK dell'AMI. Micro, 2/2011, 46-53.
  • Piedmont
    • Novara Province
      • Armeno
        • Coiromonte
ALBERTINI C. (2014) – Minerali del Vergante e della Valle dell’Agogna. In: Miniere e Minerali del Vergante e Val d’Agogna. GASMA – Arona, pp. 442-508. (Analyses P. Gentile and P. Vignola - UNI Milan)
    • Torino Province
      • Canavese District
        • Brosso
          • Cavallaria Mount
Barresi, A. A., & Ambrino, P., 2006. Monte Cavallaria. I minerali delle cave di quarzo "Alpetta, Piani e Rio Freddo". Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 30 (2): 76-97.
        • Tavagnasco
Bruno Martini collection
Giovanni Scapin Collection
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Fluminimaggiore
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2°, 192 pp.
• Stara, P. Rizzo, R., Tanca, G., Vinci A. (1994): Su Zurfuru. 1° parte. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1993, 215-236.
      • Nuxis
        • Tamara Mt.
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana 3/1992-"I minerali del giacimento di Monte Tamara(Nuxis) 1 parte-pp. 167-180
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Gonnosfanadiga
        • Fenugu Sibiri Mine
Brizzi, G., Olmi, F., Sabelli, C. (1994): Gli arseniati di Pira Inferida, Gonnofanadiga (CA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/1994, 193-206.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Fiemme Valley
        • Predazzo
Vecchi, F., Rocchetti, I. & Gentile, P. (2013): Die Mineralien des Granits von Predazzo, Provinz Trient, Italien. Mineralien-Welt, 24(6), 98-117 (in German).
      • Valsugana
        • Novaledo
Rocchetti I., Gentile P. and Ferretti P. (2012): La Miniera di Frattasecca presso Malga Broi (Novaledo, Trentino-Alto Adige). Storia e nuove segnalazioni mineralogiche. Studi Trentini di Scienze Naturali, 92, pagg. 167-180.
        • Roncegno
-Bortolozzi G., Blass G., Boscardin M., Rocchetti I. and Ferretti P. (2013): La Miniera di Cinquevalli (Valsugana, Trentino-Alto Adige): aggiornamento sulle specie accertate negli ultimi anni. Studi Trent. Sci. Nat., 93, pagg. 149-165.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Yamanashi Prefecture
        • Koshu
Alfredo Petrov collection
    • Kanto Region
      • Gunma Prefecture
        • Katashina
Yamada, T. (2005) Suisyou, 17, 2-4.
      • Ibaraki Prefecture
        • Higashi-Ibaraki-gun
          • Shirosato-machi
            • Takatori mine
Kouno, M. & Watanabe, H. (2007) Chigaku Kenkyu, 56, #1, 11-16.
  • Kyushu Region
    • Miyazaki Prefecture
      • Takachiho
Kuwano, et al (1992) Chigaku Kenkyu, 41, 140-143.; Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
    • Oita prefecture
      • Saiki City
Kuwano, et al (1992) Chigaku Kenkyu, 41, 140-143.
Uehara, S., et al (2014) MInerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Zhambyl Province (Jambyl Oblysy; Dzhambulskaya Oblast')
    • Akbakay
Brent Thorne collection
Mexico
 
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Mapimí
      • Mapimí
Thomas P. Moore (2008) Lapis, 33, #7-8, 33-40.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 840, 913, 954; Rocks & Minerals: 56: 247.
Moore, T.P. and Megaw, P.K.M. (2003): Famous mineral localities: The Ojuela mine, Mapimi, Durango, Mexico. The Mineralogical Record, 34(5), 1-91
Thomas P. Moore (2008) Lapis, 33, #7-8, 33-40.
Thomas P. Moore (2008) Lapis, 33, #7-8, 33-40.
Panczner (1987): 136.
  • Nuevo Leon
    • Mun. de Lampazos de Naranjo
      • Lampazos de Naranjo (Lampazos)
Jorge Diaz de Leon, oral communication
  • Sonora
    • Mun. de Benjamin Hill
T. Kennedy collection
    • Mun. de Caborca
      • El Antimonio
Panczner(1987):113, 136 & 361.
Panczner (1987): 136.
      • Heróica Caborca
Panczner(1987):170.
    • Mun. de Trincheras
      • La Mur
Panczner(1987):87 - 295.
Mongolia
 
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
G.M. Tsareva data
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Djebel Saghro (Jbel Saghro)
        • Bou Skour District
Georges FAVREAU collection
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
      • Czarnów
        • Rędziny
Gołębiowska B. & Pieczka A. 2002: A polymetallic assemblage with Pb-Bi(Sb) and Cu-Pb-Bi sulphosalts from Rędziny in the eastern metamorphic cover of the Karnonosze granite. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, 20, 94-96
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro District
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
  • Viana do Castelo District
    • Caminha
    • Ponte de Lima
      • Estorãos
Pedro Alves collection
Pedro Alves collection. Characterized by SEM-EDS and p-XRD
  • Vila Real District
    • Ribeira de Pena
      • Cerva
Pedro Alves collection
    • Sabrosa
      • Vale das Gatas Mines (São Lourenço de Riba Pinhão and Souto Maior)
Pedro Alves collection.
  • Viseu District
    • São Pedro do Sul
      • Manhouce
        • Gestoso
Pedro Alves collection; Marques de Sá, J.P. & Rewitzer, C. (2002): Gestoso: Seltene Arsenate aus einer Wolfram / Zinn - Mine im N Portugals. Lapis, 27 (1), 42-46.
Pierre Rosseel collection
      • São Martinho das Moitas
Ko Jansen collection
Russia
 
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
Yarosh, H.A. [Ярош, Н.А.] (1955): Mineralogy of the oxidation zone of the Blagodatnoe deposit in the Middle Urals [К минералогии зоны окисления Благодатного месторождения на Среднем Урале]. Trudy Gorno-geologicheskogo instituta UFAN SSSR [Труды Горно-геологического института УФАН СССР], 26, 50-67 (in Russian); Kobyashev, Yu.S., Nikandrov, S.N. [Кобяшев, Ю.С., Никандров, С.Н.] (2007): Minerals of the Urals (mineral species and varieties) [Минералы Урала (минеральные виды и разновидности)]. Izdatel'stvo Kvadrat, Ekaterinburg, 312 pp. (in Russian).
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Sekhukhune District
      • Marble Hall
        • Stavoren - Mutue tin field
Minerals of South Africa
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Nkangala District
      • Delmas
Minerals of South Africa
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
        • Brits (Brits District)
Robert O. Meyer collection; Dr. Hans Börner collection; collected by Dr. Hans Börner; Windisch, W. R., (1999), South African Micromount Society, Locality data sheet.; Robert O. Meyer collection; Dr. Hans Börner collection; collected by Dr. Hans Börner
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Cuevas del Almanzora (Cuevas de Vera)
        • Sierra Almagrera
          • Jaroso Ravine
Calvo, M. (2015). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol VII. Fosfatos, Arseniatos y Vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 págs.
  • Aragón
    • Teruel
Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.
Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Guadalajara
      • Pardos
        • Pardos deposit
Calvo Sevillano, G., Viñals, J. y Calvo, M. (2012). Presencia en yacimientos españoles de carminita y de otros arseniatos relacionados. Macla, (16), 232-233.
  • Castile and Leon
    • Zamora
      • Losacio
Calvo Sevillano, G., Viñals, J. y Calvo, M. (2012). Presencia en yacimientos españoles de carminita y de otros arseniatos relacionados. Macla, (16), 232-233.
  • Extremadura
    • Badajoz
      • Valle de la Serena
Calvo Sevillano, G., Viñals, J. y Calvo, M. (2012). Presencia en yacimientos españoles de carminita y de otros arseniatos relacionados. Macla, (16), 232-233. Sainz de Baranda Graf, B. (2013): El Complejo Minero San Nicolás, Valle de la Serena (Badajoz). Revista de Minerales, V-3.
  • Galicia
    • Orense (Ourense)
      • Ramírás
Calvo Sevillano, G., Viñals, J. y Calvo, M. (2012). Presencia en yacimientos españoles de carminita y de otros arseniatos relacionados. Macla, (16), 232-233.
Switzerland
 
  • Glarus
    • Murg Valley
      • Mürtschenalp
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 237.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Callington District
        • Calstock
          • Gunnislake
            • Clitters United Mines
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 913; Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
      • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
        • Gwennap
          • St Day United Mines (Poldice Mines)
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • Mount's Bay District
        • Helston
Paul De Bondt collection
        • St Hilary
No reference listed
Michael Merry, pers. commun.
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications; Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37
      • St Agnes District
        • Perranzabuloe
          • Perran Iron Lode (Great Perran Iron Lode)
Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
      • St Austell District
        • St Austell
P D Trebilcock collection.
      • St Erth - Gwithian Area
        • Gwinear-Gwithian
          • Fraddam
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • Wadebridge District
        • St Endellion
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
        • St Kew
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
        • St Teath
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
    • Cumbria
      • Caldbeck Fells
        • Carrock Fell
No reference listed
        • Coombe Height
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 8, 2003
No reference listed
No reference listed
No reference listed
No reference listed
No reference listed
BMS Database
        • Potts Gill
No reference listed
        • Roughton Gill
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume11, 2008
No reference listed
BMS Database
      • Threlkeld District
        • St John's in the Vale
BMS Database
USA
 
  • Alabama
    • Clay Co.
Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 320-333
    • Randolph Co.
      • Cragford District
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120
  • Alaska
    • Yukon-Koyukuk Borough
      • Kaiyuh District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Pima Co.
      • Tucson Mts
        • Amole District
In collection of Tom Trebisky.
            • Amole Mine group
Cannon Microprobe, November 2008
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
        • Malpais Mesa
Ron Layton
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range)
        • Clark Mountain District (Clark District)
          • Mohawk Hill
[Mineralien Welt 1/93:44]
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Maine
    • Penobscot Co.
      • Garland
  • Montana
    • Granite Co.
      • Philipsburg District (Flint Creek District)
        • John Long Mts
          • Black Pine Ridge
Per. Comm. from Eugene Ford re XRD results Mar. & Apr. 1994; Gobla, M. J. (2012) Montana Mineral Locality Index. Rocks and Minerals 87:208-240.
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Spruce Mountain District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Gilbert District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Weepah District
Ron Layton collection specimen
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
    • Eureka Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 913; Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
      • Lynn District
        • Elko
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Iron Point District
        • Valmy
    • Lander Co.
      • Battle Mountain District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Bullion District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Silver King District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Bell District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Candelaria District
Collection of Kelly Starnes 1991
Collection of Kelly Starnes 1992
    • Nye Co.
      • Lodi Hills
        • Lodi District
          • Quartz Mountain camp
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999; Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:512-524
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Cook (1973); Dunn et al. (1992b)
  • New Mexico
    • Hidalgo Co.
      • Peloncillo Mts
        • San Simon District
          • Granite Gap
R&M 77:5 p298-305
Twenty-fourth Annual New Mexico Mineral Symposium
    • Luna Co.
http://geoinfo.nmt.edu/staff/dunbar/abstract/dm99.html. Virginia T. McLemore, Nelia Dunbar, Matt T. Heizler, Kelly Donahue (2000): Geology and mineral deposits of the Victorio mining district, Luna County , New Mexico- Preliominary observations, New Mexico Geologic Society Guidebook, 51st field Conference, Southwest passage – A trip through the Phanerozoic, pp267-278
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic District
          • Eureka
R&M 68:6 p406-416
          • Mammoth
Collected by Brent Thorne
            • Mammoth Peak
Collected by and in the collection of Chuck Adan.
    • Tooele Co.
      • Deep Creek Mts
        • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
          • Gold Hill
Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22. ]
Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22.
Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22.
collected by Brent Thorne
Mineral and/or Locality  
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