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Pyrite Group

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About Pyrite GroupHide

Crystal System:
Named for the principal species in the group - pyrite.
Group of isostructural sulphide species sharing the Pa-3 space group, with a diploidal structure in which the "A" atoms occupy a face-centred cubic lattice position and the "X" atoms are in dumbbell-like pairs parallel to the four cube diagonals of the lattice, with each "A" atom surrounded by six "X" atoms in octahedral coordination - each pair of "X" atoms coordinated to six "A" atoms.
The general formula is AX2 where A = Au, Co, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Os, Pd, Pt, Ru, and and X = As, Bi, S, Sb, Se, Te.

Note: Krutovite is probably also a member of this group (Strunz & Nickel, 2001).

Classification of Pyrite GroupHide

Dana 7th ed.:

Optical Data of Pyrite GroupHide


Chemical Properties of Pyrite GroupHide


Crystallography of Pyrite GroupHide

Crystal System:

Relationship of Pyrite Group to other SpeciesHide

Group Members:
Aurostibite AuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
Cattierite CoS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
Dzharkenite FeSe2Iso.
Erlichmanite OsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
Fukuchilite Cu3FeS8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
Gaotaiite Ir3Te8Iso.
Geversite PtSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
Hauerite MnS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
Insizwaite Pt(Bi,Sb)2
Krut'aite CuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
Laurite RuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
Penroseite (Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
Pyrite FeS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
Sperrylite PtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
Trogtalite CoSe2
Vaesite NiS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
Villamaninite (Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Pyrite Group in petrologyHide

References for Pyrite GroupHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Bayliss, P. (1986): Subdivision of the pyrite group and a chemical and x-ray-diffraction investigation of ullmannite. Canadian Mineralogist 24, 27-33.
Strunz, H. and Nickel, E. H. (2001): Strunz Mineralogical Tables. E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart, Germany, 870 pp.

Internet Links for Pyrite GroupHide

Significant localities for Pyrite GroupHide

Showing 70 significant localities out of 42,657 recorded on mindat.org.

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
        • Hüttenberger Erzberg
[Pyrite] H. Meixner: Carinthia II 158./78.:96-101 (1968)
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Ankogel group
        • Ankogel area
[Pyrite] G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 176./96.:523 (1986)
[Pyrite] R. Hasler Collection
  • Potosí
    • Chayanta Province
      • Pakajake Canyon (Pacajake Canyon)
[Penroseite] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 635; Gordon, S. (1926) Penroseite and Trudellite: two new minerals. Proceedings Of The Academy Of Natural Sciences Of Philadelphia. 77, 317-324. Hurlbut, C.S., Aristarain, L.F. (1969) Olsacherite Pb₂(SeO₄)(SO₄), A New Mineral from Bolivia. The American Mineralogist. Vol.5, November-December, pp. 1519-1527. Livingstone, A., Jackson, B., Davidson, P.J. (1984) Grimaldiite, CrOOH, a second occurrence, from the Hiaca Mine, Colquechaca, Bolivia. Mineralogical Magazine, December 1984, Vol.48, pp. 560-562.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Yellowknife
[Aurostibite] COLEMAN, L.C. (1953): Mineralogy of the Yellowknife Bay are, N.W.T. American Mineralogist 38, 506-527. GRAHAM, A.R. & KAIMAN, S. (1952): Aurostibite, AuSb2; a new mineral in the pyrite group. American Mineralogist 37, 461-469.
  • Nunavut
    • Baffin Island
      • Nanisivik
[Pyrite] Symons, D.T.A., Symons, T.B., and Sangster, T.F. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 672-682.; Dennis C. Arne, L. W. Curtis, S. A. Kissin (1991) Internal zonation in a carbonate-hosted Zn-Pb-Ag deposit, Nanisivik, Baffin Island, Canada. Economic Geology ; 86 (4): 699–717.
          • Main Level
[Pyrite] Rod Tyson Personal Communication (RWMW)
  • Ontario
    • Leeds and Grenville Co.
      • Elizabethtown Township
[Pyrite] R.J Traill 1983; Mr. Allen Steinburg; Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines MDI Number: MDI31B12SE00014
    • Sudbury District
      • Denison Township
[Sperrylite] Gait, R.I. (1982): Sperrylite from the type locality. Mineralogical Record 13: 159-160; Min Mag (1980) 43:877-878; Canadian Mineralogist (1973): 11: 903-912.; Hawley, J.E. & Stanton, R.L. (1962): The Sudbury ores: their mineralogy and origin. Part II. The facts: The ores, their minerals, metals and distribution, Canadian Mineralogist 7, 30-145.
      • Wisner Township
[Sperrylite] Economic Geology 103 (2008) 1005-1028.; Ames, D. E., McClenaghan, M. B., Averill, S., & Milkereit, B. (2007). Footwall-hosted Cu-PGE (Au, Ag), Sudbury Canada: towards a new exploration vector. Exploration 07, Exploration in the New Millennium, 1013-1017.; Ames D, Hanley J, Jackson S (2014)Low sulfide high-grade sperrylite-epidote-quartz zone, Sudbury Canada: implications for hydrothermal-magmatic processes. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 96
    • Timiskaming District
      • McGarry Township
[Aurostibite] American Mineralogist: 37: 461-469.
  • Yukon
    • Mayo mining district
      • Galena Hill
        • Elsa
[Pyrite] J. V. Gregory Lynch (1989) Large-scale hydrothermal zoning reflected in the tetrahedrite-freibergite solid solution, Keno Hill Ag-Pb-Zn district, Yukon Can Mineral 27:383-400; Oscar Jose Tessari (1979) Model Ages and Applied Whole Rock Geochemistry of Ag-Pb-Zn veins, Keno Hill - Galena Hill Mining Camp, Yukon Territory. MSc Thesis, University of British Columbia.
  • Hebei
    • Chengde
      • Chengde Co.
        • Gaositai
[Gaotaiite] Zuxiang Yu (1995): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 15(1), 1-4; Zuxiang Yu (1997): Acta Geologica Sinica 71(4), 486-490
  • Hubei
    • Huangshi
      • Daye Co.
[Pyrite] Jingye Jiang, Dafang Tan, Guojun Hu, and Lichun Zhang (1998): Geology and Prospecting 34(6), 5-9; Ottens, B. (2003): Lapis 28(9), 41-47
Czech Republic
  • Vysočina Region
    • Žďár nad Sázavou District
      • Nové Město na Moravě
[Krut'aite] Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38. ; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
DR Congo
  • Haut-Katanga
    • Kambove District
      • Shinkolobwe
[Cattierite] Kerr, P.F. (1945) Cattierite and vaesite: New Co-Ni minerals from the Belgian Congo. American Mineralogist: 30: 483-497.; Economic Geology (1997) 92: 468-484.; http://edit.africamuseum.be/geco_website/pdf/Shinkolobwe.pdf
  • Lualaba
    • Kolwezi mining district
[Vaesite] Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
  • Brittany
    • Morbihan
      • Plumelin
[Pyrite] Le Roc'h P., Bocianowski M. ((2001), La carrière de la Lande, Plumelin (Morbihan), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°72, pp: 7-10
  • Grand Est
    • Bas-Rhin
      • Bruche valley (Breuch valley)
        • Schirmeck
[Pyrite] Alain Steinmetz and Thierry Brunsperger Collection
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Saint Raphael
[Pyrite] Le regne mineral n° 26
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Lautenthal
[Trogtalite] Am. Mineral. (1956) 41, 164-165; Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Monatsh. (1955) 133–142; Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Gernrode
        • Hagental
[Pyrite] Lapis 15(7/8), 38-40 (1990)
  • Central Macedonia
    • Chalkidiki
      • Aristotelis
        • Cassandra Mines
          • Stratoni operations
[Pyrite] Zeschke, G. (1963): Das Mineralvorkommen von Kassandra und Laurion, Griechenland. Der Aufschluss, 14 (5), 125-129 (in German).; Nebel, M. L., Hutchinson, R. W., & Zartman, R. E. (1991). Metamorphism and polygenesis of the Madem Lakkos polymetallic sulfide deposit, Chalkidiki, Greece. Economic Geology, 86(1), 81-105.
  • Kalimantan (Borneo)
    • South Kalimantan Province
      • Banjar
[Laurite] Nachr.Ges.Wissensch. Göttingen (1866) 155-160; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Deans, T., & Phillips, R. (1983). The chemistry, reflectance, and cell size of the erlichmanite (OsS2)-laurite (RuSO series. Mineralogical Magazine, 47, 465-71.; Coggon, J. (2010). Application of the 190Pt-186Os isotope decay system to dating platinum-group minerals (Doctoral dissertation, Durham University).; Bowles, J. F. W., Atkin, D., Lambert, J. L. M., Deans, T., & Phillips, R. (1983). The chemistry, reflectance, and cell size of the erlichmanite (OsS2)–laurite (RuS2) series. Mineralogical Magazine, 47(345), 465-471.
  • Co. Tipperary
    • Silvermines District
[Pyrite] Barry Flannery Collection; Mineralogical Magazine 1959 32 : 128-139.
[Pyrite] Stephen Moreton (Pers. Comm.)
[Pyrite] Gasparrini, C. (1978) unpubl. report, Minmet Scientific, Toronto, Canada; Taylor, S. and Andrew, C.J. (1979) Trans. Inst. Mining Metall., sect. B, 88, 125.; Economic Geology (1984) 79, 529-548.; Andrew, C.J. (1987) pers. comm.; Ryback, G., Nawaz, R. and Farley, E. (1988) Seventh Supplementary List of British Isles Minerals (Irish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 52, n° 365, pp. 267-274.;
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Elba Island
        • Rio Marina
          • Rio Mine (Rio Marina Mine)
[Pyrite] Orlandi, P., & Pezzotta, A., 1997. I minerali dell'Isola d'Elba. I minerali dei Giacimenti metalliferi dell'Elba orientale e delle Pegmatiti del Monte Capanne. Ed. Novecento Grafico, Bergamo, 245 pp.
    • Lucca Province
      • Stazzema
        • Ponte Stazzemese
[Pyrite] Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
  • Akita
    • Kazuno City
[Fukuchilite] Min.Journ.Japan (1969) 5, 399-416; Bayliss, P. (1989) American Mineralogist: 74: 1168-1176.
  • Almaty Region
    • Middle Ili River
      • Dzharkenskaya Depression
[Dzharkenite] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • District of Kosovska Mitrovica
    • Kosovska Mitrovica
      • Trepča valley
        • Trepča complex
[Pyrite] Féraud J. (1979) - La mine " Stari-Trg " (Trepca, Yougoslavie) et ses richesses minéralogiques. Avec la collaboration de Mari D. et G. (1979) Minéraux et Fossiles, n° 59-60, p. 19-28; Kołodziejczyk, J., Pršek, J., Melfos, V., Voudouris, P. C., Maliqi, F., & Kozub-Budzyń, G. (2015). Bismuth minerals from the Stan Terg deposit (Trepça, Kosovo). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 192(3), 317-333.; Kołodziejczyk, J., Pršek, J., Voudouris, P. C., & Melfos, V. (2017). Bi-sulphotellurides associated with Pb–Bi–(Sb±Ag, Cu, Fe) sulphosalts: an example from the Stan Terg deposit in Kosovo. Geologica Carpathica, 68(4), 366-381.
  • Áncash
    • Bolognesi Province
      • Huallanca District
        • Huallanca
[Pyrite] Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9; Econ Geol (1985) 80:416-478
[Pyrite] Mineralogical Record 28, no. 4 (1997); Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.; Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.
    • Pallasca Province
      • Pampas District
[Pyrite] Mineralogical Record 28, No. 4 (1997); collections of Rock Currier, Jack Crowley, Jaroslav Hyrsl and Alfredo Petrov.
    • Recuay Province
      • Ticapampa District
[Pyrite] Mi.Rec. 28, no.4 (1997)
  • Huancavelica
    • Angaraes Province
[Pyrite] Crowley, Jack A., Currier, Rock H., & Szenics, Terry (1997) Mines and Minerals of Peru. Mineralogical Record, Vol.28, No.4. 98p. Scherkenbach, D.A. and Noble, D.C. (1984) Potassium and rubidium metasomatism at the Julcani District, Peru. Economic Geology 1984 Vol. 79 No.3: 565-572.
  • La Libertad
    • Santiago de Chuco Province
      • Quiruvilca District
[Pyrite] Burkart-Baumann, I.; Ottemann, J. (1972): Low temperature sulfides from Quiruvilca, Peru. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1972, 541-551 (in German).; Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Dalnegorsk Urban District
      • Dalnegorsk
[Pyrite] Min Rec vol 32, pp 7-30 (2001); Rogulina, L.I., and Sveshnikova, O.L. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(1), 60-74.; Vasilenko, G.P. (2001) The Dalnegorsk Ore District. pp98-124 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Detva Co.
      • Vígľašská Huta - Kalinka
[Hauerite] [Nat.Abh. Wien (1846) 1, 101-110; Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual", p84]; Juraj ŽItňan, Peter Koděra & Pavel Uher (2011) Characteristics of advanced argillic alteration at Biely Vrch and Kalinka localities, Javorie stratovolcano, Slovakia.SGA Student Conference Mineral resources for the society Prague, April15 19,2011
South Africa
  • Eastern Cape
    • Alfred Nzo District
      • Insizwa
[Insizwaite] Mineralogical Magazine(1972) 38, 794-800
  • Limpopo
    • Burgersfort
      • Sekhukhuneland
[Geversite] Mineralogical Magazine(1961) 32, 833-847; Melcher, F., & Lodziak, J. (2007). Platinum-group minerals of concentrates from the Driekop platinum pipe, Eastern Bushveld Complex Tribute to Eugen F. Stumpfl. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 183(2), 173-195.
    • Waterberg District
      • Mogalakwena
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
[Sperrylite] Minerals of South Africa; Am Min 68:11-12 pp 1249-1254; Wilson, W. E. (2010): Sperrylite from the Tweefontein Farm, Limpopo Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record. 41, 147-155
  • Castile and Leon
    • León
      • Cármenes (Villamanín)
        • Villanueva de Pontedo
[Villamaninite] Schoeller, W.P., Powell, A.R., (1920). Villamaninite, a new mineral. Mineralogical Magazine, 19, 14-18.
    • Soria
      • San Pedro Manrique
[Pyrite] Calvo, M. and Sevillano, E. (1989). Pyrite crystals from Soria and La Rioja provinces, Spain. The Mineralogical Record 20, 451-456.
  • La Rioja
    • Muro de Aguas
[Pyrite] Calvo, M., Sevillano, E. 1989. Famous mineral localities: Pyrite crystals from Soria and La Rioja provinces, Spain. The Mineralogical Record. 20( 6): 451-456. ; - García, Gonzalo (2003). Piritas de Ambasaguas. Bocamina. p: 14-45. Madrid
[Pyrite] Calvo, M. y Sevillano, E. (1989). Pyrite crystals from Soria and La Rioja provinces, Spain. The Mineralogical Record, 20, 451-456.
[Pyrite] Calvo, M. and Sevillano, E. (1989) Pyrite crystals from Soria and la Rioja provinces, Spain. The Mineralogical Record, 20, 451-456. Calvo, Miguel. (2003) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. II. Sulfuros y sulfosales. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Alava. Vitoria. 705 págs.
  • Black Sea Region
    • Artvin Province
      • Murgul
        • Murgul Cu-Zn-Pb deposit
[Pyrite] Econ Geol (1993) 88:606-621
  • California
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Willow Creek District
          • Willow Creek (China Flat)
[Erlichmanite] Dana's New Mineralogy; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 63.; Snetsinger, K.G. (1971b) Erlichmanite (OsS2), a new mineral. American Mineralogist: 56: 1501-1506.
  • Colorado
    • Eagle Co.
      • Gilman District (Battle Mountain District; Red Cliff District)
        • Gilman
[Pyrite] Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Connecticut
    • Litchfield Co.
      • Roxbury
        • Mine Hill (Ore Hill)
[Pyrite] Rocks & Minerals (1995) 70:396-409; Schooner (1961)
      • Thomaston
        • Thomaston Dam
[Pyrite] Segeler, Curt and Molon, Joseph. (1985), The Thomaston Dam Site, Thomaston, Connecticut; Rocks & Minerals: 60(3): 119-124.; Vogt, Wolfgang. (1991), Rediscovering Thomaston Dam. Lapidary Journal: April.; Zodac, Peter. (1959), Minerals at Thomaston Dam, Connecticut; Rocks & Minerals: 34: 3.
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
[Pyrite] Davis, James W. (1901): The Minerals of Haddam, Conn. Mineral Collector, v. 8, no. 4, pp. 50-54, and no. 5, pp. 65-70.; Williams, Horace S. (circa 1945): Article For New York Society Of Mineralogists. Brainerd Public Library, Haddam, Connecticut.
      • Portland
        • Collins Hill
          • Strickland pegmatite (Strickland-Cramer Quarry; Strickland-Cramer Mine; Strickland-Cramer Feldspar-Mica Quarries)
[Pyrite] Schooner, Richard. (1955): 90 Minerals from 1 Connecticut Hill. Rocks & Minerals: 30(7-8): 351-8.; Schooner, Richard. (1958): The Mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam Area in Connecticut (With a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough). Published by Richard Schooner; Ralph Lieser of Pappy’s Beryl Shop, East Hampton; and Howard Pate of Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.; Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
    • New Haven Co.
      • Waterbury
        • Municipal Stadium
[Pyrite] J. Zolan/M. Polletta observation
    • Tolland Co.
      • Willington
        • West Willington
[Pyrite] P Cristofono collection, 2008; Ague, J. J. (1995): Deep Crustal Growth of Quartz, Kyanite and Garnet into Large-Aperature, fluid-filled fractures, northeastern Connecticut, USA. Journal of Metamorphic Geology: 13: 299-314.
  • Massachusetts
    • Suffolk Co.
      • Boston
        • West Roxbury
[Pyrite] Harvard Museum of Natural History, no.99813
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Sparta Township
        • Franklin Marble
[Pyrite] Jaszczak, John A. (1997), Unusual graphite crystals from the Lime Crest quarry, Sparta, New Jersey: Rocks & Minerals: 72(5): 330-334
  • North Carolina
    • Caldwell Co.
[Pyrite] Mike polletta collected pyrite with his hands in june 2009.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Lancaster Co.
      • Earl Township
        • Blue Ball
[Pyrite] Mineral collecting in Pennsylvania - 1965, Lapham, Geyer Pgs. 88-89
    • York Co.
      • Leaders Heights
[Pyrite] "Arthur Koch - collection"
  • Texas
    • Ellis Co.
      • Midlothian
[Pyrite] Cement Industry Technical Conference, 2002. IEEE-IAS/PCA 44th Volume , Issue , 2002 Page(s):125 - 137
  • Vermont
    • Windham Co.
[Pyrite] Johannes Swarts collection
  • Washington
    • King Co.
      • Goldmyer Hot Springs
[Pyrite] Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.71
[Pyrite] Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.45,54; Ream, L. (1994): Gems and Minerals of Washington; Lasmanis, R. Geology of Spruce 16 claim, Rocks & Minerals, 1985
      • North Bend
        • Hansen Creek
[Pyrite] Eric He's Collection; Ray Claude (1995) Mineral Sites of King County, Washington: 27
Mineral and/or Locality  
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