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Pyrite Group

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Named for the principal species in the group - pyrite.
Group of isostructural sulphide species sharing the Pa-3 space group, with a diploidal structure in which the "A" atoms occupy a face-centred cubic lattice position and the "X" atoms are in dumbbell-like pairs parallel to the four cube diagonals of the lattice, with each "A" atom surrounded by six "X" atoms in octahedral coordination - each pair of "X" atoms coordinated to six "A" atoms.
The general formula is AX2 where A = Au, Co, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Os, Pd, Pt, Ru, and and X = As, Bi, S, Sb, Se, Te.

Note: Krutovite is probably also a member of this group (Strunz & Nickel, 2001).

Classification of Pyrite Group

Dana 7th ed.:

Optical Data of Pyrite Group


Chemical Properties of Pyrite Group


Crystallography of Pyrite Group

Crystal System:

Relationship of Pyrite Group to other Species

Group Members:
Aurostibite AuSb2
Cattierite CoS2
Dzharkenite FeSe2
Erlichmanite OsS2
Fukuchilite Cu3FeS8
Gaotaiite Ir3Te8
Geversite PtSb2
Hauerite MnS2
Insizwaite Pt(Bi,Sb)2
Krut'aite CuSe2
Laurite RuS2
Penroseite (Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
Pyrite FeS2
Sperrylite PtAs2
Trogtalite CoSe2
Vaesite NiS2
Villamaninite (Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Pyrite Group in petrology

An essential component of (items highlighted in red)
Common component of (items highlighted in red)
Accessory component of (items highlighted in red)

References for Pyrite Group

Reference List:
Strunz, H. and Nickel, E. H. (2001): Strunz Mineralogical Tables. E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart, Germany, 870 pp.

Internet Links for Pyrite Group URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.

Significant localities for Pyrite Group

Showing 70 significant localities out of 39,665 recorded on

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
        • Hüttenberger Erzberg
[Pyrite] H. Meixner: Carinthia II 158./78.:96-101 (1968)
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Ankogel group
        • Ankogel area
[Pyrite] G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 176./96.:523 (1986)
[Pyrite] R. Hasler Collection
  • Styria
    • Bruck an der Mur
      • Laming valley
        • Oberdorf an der Laming
[Pyrite] collection Landesmuseum Joanneum - Graz; Kolitsch, U. (2015): Akanthit, Arsenopyrit, Chrysokoll, Cinnabarit und Imiterit(?) vom Magnesitbergbau bei Oberdorf an der Laming, Steiermark. Der Steirische Mineralog 29, 40.
  • Potosí Department
    • Chayanta Province
      • Pakajake Canyon (Pacajake Canyon)
[Penroseite] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 635; Proc. Acad. Sci., Philadelphia (1925): 77, 317-324.; Amer.Min.(1969) 54, 1519-1527; MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, DECEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 560 2
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Yellowknife
[Aurostibite] COLEMAN, L.C. (1953): Mineralogy of the Yellowknife Bay are, N.W.T. American Mineralogist 38, 506-527. GRAHAM, A.R. & KAIMAN, S. (1952): Aurostibite, AuSb2; a new mineral in the pyrite group. American Mineralogist 37, 461-469.
  • Nunavut
    • Baffin Island
      • Nanisivik
[Pyrite] Symons, D.T.A., Symons, T.B., and Sangster, T.F. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 672-682.
          • Main Level
[Pyrite] Rod Tyson Personal Communication (RWMW)
  • Ontario
    • Leeds and Grenville Co.
      • Elizabethtown Township
[Pyrite] R.J Traill 1983; Mr. Allen Steinburg; Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines MDI Number: MDI31B12SE00014
    • Sudbury District
      • Denison Township
[Sperrylite] Gait, R.I. (1982): Sperrylite from the type locality. Mineralogical Record 13: 159-160; Min Mag (1980) 43:877-878; Canadian Mineralogist (1973): 11: 903-912.; Hawley, J.E. & Stanton, R.L. (1962): The Sudbury ores: their mineralogy and origin. Part II. The facts: The ores, their minerals, metals and distribution, Canadian Mineralogist 7, 30-145.
      • Wisner Township
[Sperrylite] Economic Geology 103 (2008) 1005-1028.
    • Timiskaming District
      • McGarry Township
[Aurostibite] American Mineralogist: 37: 461-469.
  • Yukon
    • Mayo Mining District
      • Galena Hill
        • Elsa
[Pyrite] J. V. Gregory Lynch (1989) Large-scale hydrothermal zoning reflected in the tetrahedrite-freibergite solid solution, Keno Hill Ag-Pb-Zn district, Yukon Can Mineral 27:383-400; Oscar Jose Tessari (1979) Model Ages and Applied Whole Rock Geochemistry of Ag-Pb-Zn veins, Keno Hill - Galena Hill Mining Camp, Yukon Territory. MSc Thesis, University of British Columbia.
  • Hebei Province
    • Chengde Prefecture
      • Chengde Co.
        • Gaositai
[Gaotaiite] Zuxiang Yu (1995): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 15(1), 1-4; Zuxiang Yu (1997): Acta Geologica Sinica 71(4), 486-490
  • Hubei Province
    • Huangshi Prefecture
      • Daye Co.
[Pyrite] Jingye Jiang, Dafang Tan, Guojun Hu, and Lichun Zhang (1998): Geology and Prospecting 34(6), 5-9; Ottens, B. (2003): Lapis 28(9), 41-47
Czech Republic
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Nové Město na Moravě
[Krut'aite] Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38. ; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Katanga Copper Crescent
      • Shinkolobwe
[Cattierite] American Mineralogist (1945): 30: 488.; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
      • Swambo
[Vaesite] Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
  • Brittany
    • Morbihan
      • Plumelin
[Pyrite] Le Roc'h P., Bocianowski M. ((2001), La carrière de la Lande, Plumelin (Morbihan), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°72, pp: 7-10
  • Grand Est
    • Bas-Rhin
      • Bruche valley (Breuch valley)
        • Schirmeck
[Pyrite] Alain Steinmetz and Thierry Brunsperger Collection
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Saint Raphael
[Pyrite] Le regne mineral n° 26
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Lautenthal
[Trogtalite] Am. Mineral. (1956) 41, 164-165; Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Monatsh. (1955) 133–142; Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Gernrode
        • Hagental
[Pyrite] Lapis 15(7/8), 38-40 (1990)
  • Macedonia Department
    • Chalkidiki Prefecture
      • Cassandra Mines
        • Stratoni operations
[Pyrite] Zeschke, G. (1963): Das Mineralvorkommen von Kassandra und Laurion, Griechenland. Der Aufschluss, 14 (5), 125-129 (in German).; Nebel, M. L., Hutchinson, R. W., & Zartman, R. E. (1991). Metamorphism and polygenesis of the Madem Lakkos polymetallic sulfide deposit, Chalkidiki, Greece. Economic Geology, 86(1), 81-105.
  • Kalimantan (Borneo)
    • Kalimantan Selatan Province (South Kalimantan Province)
[Laurite] Nachr.Ges.Wissensch. Göttingen (1866) 155-160; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Deans, T., & Phillips, R. (1983). The chemistry, reflectance, and cell size of the erlichmanite (OsS2)-laurite (RuSO series. Mineralogical Magazine, 47, 465-71.; Coggon, J. (2010). Application of the 190Pt-186Os isotope decay system to dating platinum-group minerals (Doctoral dissertation, Durham University).; Bowles, J. F. W., Atkin, D., Lambert, J. L. M., Deans, T., & Phillips, R. (1983). The chemistry, reflectance, and cell size of the erlichmanite (OsS2)–laurite (RuS2) series. Mineralogical Magazine, 47(345), 465-471.
  • Co. Tipperary
    • Silvermines District
[Pyrite] Barry Flannery Collection; Mineralogical Magazine 1959 32 : 128-139.
[Pyrite] Stephen Moreton (Pers. Comm.)
[Pyrite] Econ Geol (1984) 79:529-548
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Elba Island
        • Rio Marina
          • Rio Mine (Rio Marina Mine)
[Pyrite] Orlandi, P., & Pezzotta, A., 1997. I minerali dell'Isola d'Elba. I minerali dei Giacimenti metalliferi dell'Elba orientale e delle Pegmatiti del Monte Capanne. Ed. Novecento Grafico, Bergamo, 245 pp.
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Stazzema
          • Ponte Stazzemese
[Pyrite] Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
  • Honshu Island
    • Tohoku Region
      • Akita Prefecture
        • Kazuno City
[Fukuchilite] Min.Journ.Japan (1969) 5, 399-416; Bayliss, P. (1989) American Mineralogist: 74: 1168-1176.
  • Almaty Province (Almaty Oblysy; Almati Oblast')
    • Middle Ili River
      • Dzharkenskaya Depression
[Dzharkenite] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • District of Kosovska Mitrovica
    • Kosovska Mitrovica
      • Trepča valley
        • Trepča complex
[Pyrite] Féraud J. (1979) - La mine " Stari-Trg " (Trepca, Yougoslavie) et ses richesses minéralogiques. Avec la collaboration de Mari D. et G. (1979) Minéraux et Fossiles, n° 59-60, p. 19-28
  • Ancash Department
    • Bolognesi Province
      • Huallanca District
        • Huallanca
[Pyrite] Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9; Econ Geol (1985) 80:416-478
[Pyrite] Mineralogical Record 28, no. 4 (1997); Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.; Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.
    • Pallasca Province
      • Pampas District
[Pyrite] Mineralogical Record 28, No. 4 (1997); collections of Rock Currier, Jack Crowley, Jaroslav Hyrsl and Alfredo Petrov.
    • Recuay Province
      • Ticapampa District
[Pyrite] Mi.Rec. 28, no.4 (1997)
  • Huancavelica Department
    • Angaraes Province
[Pyrite] Crowley, Jack A., Currier, Rock H., & Szenics, Terry (1997) Mines and Minerals of Peru. Mineralogical Record, Vol.28, No.4. 98p. Scherkenbach, D.A. and Noble, D.C. (1984) Potassium and rubidium metasomatism at the Julcani District, Peru. Economic Geology 1984 Vol. 79 No.3: 565-572.
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Kavalerovo Mining District
        • Dal'negorsk (Dalnegorsk; Tetyukhe; Tjetjuche; Tetjuche)
[Pyrite] Min Rec vol 32, pp 7-30 (2001); Rogulina, L.I., and Sveshnikova, O.L. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(1), 60-74.
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Detva Co.
      • Vígľašská Huta - Kalinka
[Hauerite] [Nat.Abh. Wien (1846) 1, 101-110; Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual", p84]; Juraj ŽItňan, Peter Koděra & Pavel Uher (2011) Characteristics of advanced argillic alteration at Biely Vrch and Kalinka localities, Javorie stratovolcano, Slovakia.SGA Student Conference Mineral resources for the society Prague, April15 19,2011
South Africa
  • Eastern Cape Province
    • Alfred Nzo District
      • Insizwa
[Insizwaite] Mineralogical Magazine(1972) 38, 794-800
  • Limpopo Province
    • Bushveld Complex
      • Burgersfort
        • Sekhukhuneland
[Geversite] Mineralogical Magazine(1961) 32, 833-847; Melcher, F., & Lodziak, J. (2007). Platinum-group minerals of concentrates from the Driekop platinum pipe, Eastern Bushveld Complex Tribute to Eugen F. Stumpfl. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 183(2), 173-195.
      • Waterberg District
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
[Sperrylite] Minerals of South Africa; Am Min 68:11-12 pp 1249-1254; Wilson, W. E. (2010): Sperrylite from the Tweefontein Farm, Limpopo Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record. 41, 147-155
  • Castile and Leon
    • León
      • Cármenes (Villamanín)
        • Villanueva de Pontedo
[Villamaninite] Schoeller, W.P., Powell, A.R., (1920). Villamaninite, a new mineral. Mineralogical Magazine, 19, 14-18.
    • Soria
      • San Pedro Manrique
[Pyrite] Calvo, M. and Sevillano, E. (1989). Pyrite crystals from Soria and La Rioja provinces, Spain. The Mineralogical Record 20, 451-456.
  • La Rioja
[Pyrite] No reference listed
    • Muro de Aguas
[Pyrite] []; Jordi Fabre; - Calvo, M., Sevillano, E. 1989. Famous mineral localities: Pyrite crystals from Soria and La Rioja provinces, Spain. The Mineralogical Record. 20( 6): 451-456. ; - García, Gonzalo (2003). Piritas de Ambasaguas. Bocamina. p: 14-45. Madrid
[Pyrite] The Canadian Mineralogist Vol.36, pp. 137-145 (1998) J. Alonso-Azcárate, M. Rodas, S.H. Bottrell, J.R. Mas (2002) Los yacimientos de pirita de la Cuenca de Cameros. Zubía monográfico #14, pp 173-190, ISSN 1131-5423
[Pyrite] No reference listed
  • Black Sea Region
    • Artvin Province
      • Murgul
        • Murgul Cu-Zn-Pb deposit
[Pyrite] Econ Geol (1993) 88:606-621
  • California
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Willow Creek District
          • Willow Creek (China Flat)
[Erlichmanite] Dana's New Mineralogy; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 63.; Snetsinger, K.G. (1971b) Erlichmanite (OsS2), a new mineral. American Mineralogist: 56: 1501-1506.
  • Colorado
    • Eagle Co.
      • Gilman District (Battle Mountain District; Red Cliff District)
        • Gilman
[Pyrite] Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Connecticut
    • Litchfield Co.
      • Roxbury
        • Mine Hill (Ore Hill)
[Pyrite] Rocks & Minerals (1995) 70:396-409; Schooner (1961)
      • Thomaston
        • Thomaston Dam
[Pyrite] Segeler, Curt and Molon, Joseph. (1985), The Thomaston Dam Site, Thomaston, Connecticut; Rocks & Minerals: 60(3): 119-124.; Vogt, Wolfgang. (1991), Rediscovering Thomaston Dam. Lapidary Journal: April.; Zodac, Peter. (1959), Minerals at Thomaston Dam, Connecticut; Rocks & Minerals: 34: 3.
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
[Pyrite] Davis, James W. (1901): The Minerals of Haddam, Conn. Mineral Collector, v. 8, no. 4, pp. 50-54, and no. 5, pp. 65-70.; Williams, Horace S. (circa 1945): Article For New York Society Of Mineralogists. Brainerd Public Library, Haddam, Connecticut.
      • Portland
        • Collins Hill
          • Strickland pegmatite (Strickland-Cramer Quarry; Strickland-Cramer Mine; Strickland-Cramer Feldspar-Mica Quarries)
[Pyrite] Schooner, Richard. (1955): 90 Minerals from 1 Connecticut Hill. Rocks & Minerals: 30(7-8): 351-8.; Schooner, Richard. (1958): The Mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam Area in Connecticut (With a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough). Published by Richard Schooner; Ralph Lieser of Pappy’s Beryl Shop, East Hampton; and Howard Pate of Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.; Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
    • New Haven Co.
      • Waterbury
        • Municipal Stadium
[Pyrite] J. Zolan/M. Polletta observation
    • Tolland Co.
      • Willington
        • West Willington
[Pyrite] P Cristofono collection, 2008; Ague, J. J. (1995): Deep Crustal Growth of Quartz, Kyanite and Garnet into Large-Aperature, fluid-filled fractures, northeastern Connecticut, USA. Journal of Metamorphic Geology: 13: 299-314.
  • Massachusetts
    • Suffolk Co.
      • Boston
        • West Roxbury
[Pyrite] Harvard Museum of Natural History, no.99813
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Sparta Township
[Pyrite] Jaszczak, John A. (1997), Unusual graphite crystals from the Lime Crest quarry, Sparta, New Jersey: Rocks & Minerals: 72(5): 330-334
  • North Carolina
    • Caldwell Co.
[Pyrite] Mike polletta collected pyrite with his hands in june 2009.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Lancaster Co.
      • Earl Township
        • Blue Ball
[Pyrite] Mineral collecting in Pennsylvania - 1965, Lapham, Geyer Pgs. 88-89
    • York Co.
      • Leaders Heights
[Pyrite] "Arthur Koch - collection"
  • Texas
    • Ellis Co.
      • Midlothian
[Pyrite] Cement Industry Technical Conference, 2002. IEEE-IAS/PCA 44th Volume , Issue , 2002 Page(s):125 - 137
  • Vermont
    • Windham Co.
[Pyrite] Johannes Swarts collection
  • Washington
    • King Co.
      • Goldmyer Hot Springs
[Pyrite] Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.71
[Pyrite] Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.45,54; Ream, L. (1994): Gems and Minerals of Washington; Lasmanis, R. Geology of Spruce 16 claim, Rocks & Minerals, 1985
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