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About Cerite-(Ce)Hide

The dwarf planet Ceres
Crystal System:
Member of:
First described by Cronstedt (1751) as "tungsten". Named by Hisinger & Berzelius (1804) as cerite, after the dwarf planet Ceres discovered by the Italian astronomer Guiseppe Piazzi in 1801.
Isostructural with:
The cerium analogue of Cerite-(La). Isostructural with phosphates of Whitlockite group.

Classification of Cerite-(Ce)Hide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
G : Nesosilicates with additional anions; cations in > [6] +- [6] coordination

52 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
4 : Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
8 : Silicates of Group III metals other than Al

Physical Properties of Cerite-(Ce)Hide

5½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of Cerite-(Ce)Hide

Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.806 - 1.810 nε = 1.810 - 1.820
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.004
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of Cerite-(Ce)Hide

IMA Formula:

Crystallography of Cerite-(Ce)Hide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
3m - Ditrigonal Pyramidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.779(6) Å, c = 38.061(7) Å
a:c = 1 : 3.531
Unit Cell V:
3,829.73 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of Cerite-(Ce)Hide

Synonyms of Cerite-(Ce)Hide

Other Language Names for Cerite-(Ce)Hide

Relationship of Cerite-(Ce) to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3Trig. 3m : R3c
Cerite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)9(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3Trig. 3m : R3c

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Ferriallanite-(Ce)25 photos of Cerite-(Ce) associated with Ferriallanite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Törnebohmite-(Ce)15 photos of Cerite-(Ce) associated with Törnebohmite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Brochantite13 photos of Cerite-(Ce) associated with Brochantite on mindat.org.
Håleniusite-(La)7 photos of Cerite-(Ce) associated with Håleniusite-(La) on mindat.org.
Lanthanite-(Ce)4 photos of Cerite-(Ce) associated with Lanthanite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Bastnäsite-(La)4 photos of Cerite-(Ce) associated with Bastnäsite-(La) on mindat.org.
Gedrite3 photos of Cerite-(Ce) associated with Gedrite on mindat.org.
Sulphotsumoite3 photos of Cerite-(Ce) associated with Sulphotsumoite on mindat.org.
Carrollite2 photos of Cerite-(Ce) associated with Carrollite on mindat.org.
Allanite2 photos of Cerite-(Ce) associated with Allanite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.AG.EdgrewiteCa9(SiO4)4F2 Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AG.05AbswurmbachiteCuMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AG.05BrauniteMn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AG.05NeltneriteCaMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AG.05Braunite-IICaMn3+14(SiO4)O20Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AG.10LångbaniteMn2+4Mn3+9Sb5+O16(SiO4)2Trig. 3m : P3m1
9.AG.15TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)OMon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AG.15Natrotitanite(Na0.5Y0.5)Ti(SiO4)OMon. 2/m : B2/b
9.AG.15ŻabińskiiteCa[Al0.5(Ta,Nb)0.5)](SiO4)OTric. 1
9.AG.20Cerite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)9(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3Trig. 3m : R3c
9.AG.20Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3Trig. 3m : R3c
9.AG.25Mieite-(Y)Y4Ti(SiO4)2O[F,(OH)]6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
9.AG.30SitinakiteKNa2Ti4(SiO4)2O5(OH) · 4H2OTet.
9.AG.35KittatinnyiteCa2Mn2Mn(SiO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2OHex.
9.AG.55ChantaliteCaAl2(SiO4)(OH)4Tet. 4/m : I41/a
9.AG.60MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
9.AG.70JasmunditeCa11(SiO4)4O2STet. 4 2m : I4m2
9.AG.75AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2OMon. m : Bb
9.AG.80BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2OTric.
9.AG.85ZoltaiiteBaV4+2V3+12(SiO4)2O19Trig. 3 : P3

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.8.3Keiviite-(Yb)Yb2Si2O7Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.8.7Monteregianite-(Y)(Na,K)6(Y,Ca)2Si16O38 · 10H2OMon. 2/m
14.8.9Ashcroftine-(Y)K5Na5(Y,Ca)12Si28O70(OH)2(CO3)8 · 8H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
14.8.14CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)Tric. 1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Cerite-(Ce)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Cronstedt, A.F. (1751): Rön och försök giorde med trenne järnmalms arter. K. Vetenskaps Akademiens Handlingar. 12, 226-232. [as tungsten]
Hisinger, W. & Berzelius, J.J. (1804): Cerium, en ny Metall funnen i Bastnäs Tungsten från Riddarhyttan i Westmanland. Henrik A. Nordström, Stockholm, Sweden.
Klaproth, M.H. (1807): Chemische Untersuchung des Cererits, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Vierter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 140-152
Gay, P. (1957): The crystallography of cerite. American Mineralogist, 42, 429-432.
Glass, J.J., Evans, H.T., Carron, M.K., Hildebrand, F.A. (1958): Cerite from Mountain Pass, San Bernardino County, California. American Mineralogist 43, 460-475
Moore, P.B. & Shen, J. (1983): Cerite, RE9(Fe3+,Mg)(SiO4)6(SiO3OH)(OH)3: its crystal structure and relation to whitlockite. American Mineralogist, 68, 996-1003.
Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Men’shikov, Y.P., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Krivovichev, S.V., Burns, P.C. (2002): Cerite-(La), (La,Ce,Ca)9(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO4)3[SiO3(OH)]4(OH)3, a new mineral species from the Khibina alkaline massif: Occurrence and crystal structure. Can. Mineral., 40, 1177-1184.

Internet Links for Cerite-(Ce)Hide

Localities for Cerite-(Ce)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Namibe Province
    • Tombwa City Council
L. Torró, C. Villanova, M. Castillo, M. Campeny, A. O. Gonçalves and J. C. Melgarejo (2012): Niobium and rare earth minerals from the Virulundo carbonatite, Namibe, Angola. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 393-409.
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Mt Babbage area (Inlier)
Wulser PA et al. U-Th-REE mobility in and around the Mt Painter & Mt Babbage inliers, Northern Flinders Ranges, South Australia. 2005, Abstracts Geol. Soc. Austra. Vol.78
  • Bujumbura Rural Province
  • Ontario
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
        • Gowganda area
          • Nicol Township
Petruk (1971): The Silver-Arsenide Deposits of the Cobalt-Gowganda Region, Ontario. Can. Mineral. 11, 232-262
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
    • Outaouais
        • Val-des-Bois
Sabina, A.P. (1986) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Buckingham - Mont-Laurier - Grenville, Quebec Hawkesbury - Ottawa, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 33, 33 p.
      • Pontiac RCM
        • Otter Lake
Sabina, Ann P., Geological Survey of Canada paper 70-50. ; M A G Lafontaine (1979) Uranium-Thorium Deposite at the Yates Mine, Huddersfield Township, Quebec. MSc thesis, University of Ottawa.
  • Red Sea
    • Eastern Desert
Mohamed, A. (2013). Mineral chemistry and genesis of Zr, Th, U, Nb, Pb, P, Ce and F enriched peralkaline granites of El-Sibai shear zone, central Eastern Desert, Egypt.
  • Lapland
    • Sodankylä
Thair, Al-Ani and Sarapää, Olli (2012): REE-mineralogy of arkosic gneisses from Mäkärä-Vaulo area, Tana belt, Northern Finland. Geologian Tutkimuskesus. Arkistoraportti 73/2011
  • Saxony
    • Mittelsachsen
      • Freiberg
Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 67-80.
  • Baranya
    • Mecsek Mts
      • Hosszúhetény
collector: Csaba Papp, WDS: Viera Kollárová
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Bagnolo Piemonte
Finello, G., Ambrino, P., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Blaß, G., Bracco, R. (2007): I minerali della “Pietra di Luserna”, Piemonte, Italia nord-occidentale. I. Alcune cave di gneiss della Val Luserna. Micro (località), 2/2007, 181-226.; Piccoli, G. C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo F. Eusebio - Alba, 607 pag.
  • Diana
    • Ambanja District
      • Antsirabe Commune
Estrade, G., et al. (2014): REE and HFSE mineralization in peralkaline granites of the Ambohimirahavavy alkaline complex, Ampasindava peninsula, Madagascar. Journal of African Earth Sciences. 94: 141–155
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
P.M. Kartashov analytical data
Pavel M. Kartashov data; Kovalenko, V. I., Yarmolyuk, V. V., Sal nikova, E. B., Kartashov, P. M., Kovach, V. P., Kozakov, I. K., ... & Yakovleva, S. Z. (2004). The Khaldzan-Buregtei Massif of peralkaline rare-metal igneous rocks: structure, geochronology, and geodynamic setting in the Caledonides of Western Mongolia. Petrology c/c of Petrologiia, 12(5), 412-436.
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek District
      • Aris
Paula Piilonen, unpublished results
  • Nordland
    • Hamarøy
Selbekk R.S. (2010): Norges mineraler. En revidert utgave av Norges mineraler (Neumann 1985). Tapir-NGU-NHM. 552p (p. 314)
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Bjørkedalen
Knut Eldjarn collection
      • Mørje
        • Sagåsen
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Knut Eldjarn collection
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
  • Azores
    • São Miguel Island
      • Água de Pau Massif
Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
  • Harghita
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
Hirtopanu Paulina, Andersen C. Jens, Fairhurst J. Robert and Jakab Gyula (2013) Allanite-(Ce) and its associations, from the Ditrau alkaline intrusive massif. Proc. Rom. Acad., Series B, 2013, 15(1), p. 59–74
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Kyshtym
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 290; N.P. Yushkin e.a. Introduction in topomineralogy of Ural, -"Nauka", Moscow, 1986,p.294.
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Vitim Plateau
      • Biraya and Bya Rivers confluence area (Chara Basin)
        • Biraya Fe-REE ore occurrence
A. Konev et al.: European Journal of Mineralogy 17(5):715–721 (2005)
  • Murmansk Oblast
Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374. ; Specimen identified by Dr. Igor Pekov, Moscow State University
    • Khibiny Massif
Canadian Mineralogist 40:1177-1184
    • Lovozero Massif
      • Suoluai River Valley
        • Kuamdespakhk Mt
Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
  • Tuva
    • Sangilen Upland
Kapustin Yu.L. (1989) Cerite and ternebohmite from fenites of alkaline massifs of Tuva, - Zapiski VMO, 118(4), p. 47-56 (in Rus.)
South Africa
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Brits (Brits District)
Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, pg 181
      • Pilanesberg Alkaline Complex
Minerals of South Africa
  • Dalarna County
    • Avesta
      • Möklinta ore field
        • Knutsbo mines
  • Örebro County
    • Nora
      • Rödberg Mines
Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
    • Örebro
Jonsson, Erik; Högdahl, Karin; Sahlström, Fredrik; Majka, Jarek (2014) BIF-hosted REE silicate mineralisation at Högfors, Bergslagen, Sweden. 31st Nordic Geological Meeting, Lund Sweden.
  • Västmanland County
    • Norberg
      • Getback ore field
Jansson, M. Förekomster med ceriummineral i stråket Möklinta, Norberg, Riddarhyttan och Nora.
Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
Collection of Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, Stockholm, Sweden nr 19540027, 19660293, 19660294 and 19660295; Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
      • Röberg ore field
Peacor, D. R. & Dunn, P. J.: (1988): Dollaseite-(Ce) (magnesium orthite redefined): Structure refinement and implications for F + M2+ substitutions in epidote-group minerals. American Mineralogist. 73: 838- 842;
No reference listed
    • Skinnskatteberg
      • Riddarhyttan
Hisinger, W. & Berzelius, J.J.(1804): Cerium: ein neuer Metall aus einer Schwedischen Steinart, Bastnäs Tungstein gennant. Neues Allgemeines Journal der Chemie, 2: 397-418; Holtstam, D., Bindi, L., Hålenius, U., & Andersson, U. B. (2017). Delhuyarite-(Ce)–Ce 4 Mg (Fe 3+ 2 W)□(Si 2 O 7) 2 O 6 (OH) 2–a new mineral of the chevkinite group, from the Nya Bastnäs Fe–Cu–REE deposit, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy, ejm2635_pap_gsw.
Holtstam, D., Bindi, L., Hålenius, U., Andersson, U.B. (2017): Delhuyarite-(Ce) Ce4Mg(Fe3+2W)□(Si2O7)2O6(OH)2 a new mineral of the chevkinite group, from the Nya Bastnäs Fe–Cu–REE deposit, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy, 29, 897-905
Cronstedt, A.F. (1751): Rön och försök giorde med trenne järnmalms arter. K. Vetenskaps Akademiens Handlingar. 12, 226-232.; Hisinger, W. & Berzelius, J.J. (1804): Cerium, en ny Metall funnen i Bastnäs Tungsten från Riddarhyttan i Westmanland. Henrik A. Nordström, Stockholm, Sweden.
Jonsson, E., Högdahl, K., Sahlström, F., Nysten, P. & Sadeghi, M. The palaeoproterozoic skarn-hosted REE mineralisations of Bastnäs-type: Overview and mineralogical- geological character. ERES2014: 1st European Rare Earth Resources Conference|Milos|04 07/09/2014: 382-389
  • Mediterranean Region
    • Isparta Province
      • Gölcük District
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range)
        • Mountain Pass District
          • Mountain Pass
Glass, Jewell Jeannette, H.T. Evans, Jr., M.K. Carron & Harry Rose, Jr. (1956), Cerite from Mountain Pass, San Bernardino County, California: American Mineralogist: 41: 665; Gay, Peter (1957), The crystallography of cerite: American Mineralogist: 42: 429-432; Glass, Jewell Jeannette, H.T. Evans, Jr., M.K. Carron & F.A. Hildebrand (1958), Cerite from Mountain Pass, San Bernardino County, California: American Mineralogist: 43: 460-480; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 222, 479; Haxel, G. (2005) Ultrapotassic rocks, carbonatite and rare earth element deposit, Mountain Pass, southern California. In: Geology and Mineral Resources of the Mojava National Preserve, southern California. USGS Bulletin 2160.
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Jamestown District
        • Jamestown
Goddard, E.N. and Glass, J.J. (1940): Deposits of radioactive cerite near Jamestown, Colorado. American Mineralogist. 25,381-404 ; Stern, C., Allaz, J., Raschke, M., Cortes, S. and Persson, P. (2013): Proterozoic fluorbritholite-bearing REE-Rich hydrothermal veins from near Jamestown, Colorado. Rocky Mountain Section - 65th Annual Meeting (15-17 May 2013). Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 45, No. 5, p.41
Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 23 (Table A-1).; USGS Prof. Paper 227
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Gunnison Co.
      • White Earth District (Powderhorn District)
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 17, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • Jefferson Co.
      • South Platte Pegmatite District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State, p.234
  • New York
    • Saratoga Co.
      • Edinburg Township
        • Batchellerville
Jensen, David (1978) The Minerals of New York State, p.76
Mineral and/or Locality  
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