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Cerite-(Ce)

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The dwarf planet Ceres
Formula:
(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Member of:
Name:
First described by Cronstedt (1751) as "tungsten". Named by Hisinger & Berzelius (1804) as cerite, after the dwarf planet Ceres discovered by the Italian astronomer Guiseppe Piazzi in 1801.
Isostructural with:
The cerium analogue of Cerite-(La). Isostructural with phosphates of Whitlockite group.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of Cerite-(Ce)Hide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.AG.20

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
G : Nesosilicates with additional anions; cations in > [6] +- [6] coordination
52.4.6.1

52 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
4 : Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
14.8.13

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
8 : Silicates of Group III metals other than Al

Physical Properties of Cerite-(Ce)Hide

Hardness:
5½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of Cerite-(Ce)Hide

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.806 - 1.810 nε = 1.810 - 1.820
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.004
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of Cerite-(Ce)Hide

Formula:
(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
IMA Formula:
(Ce,La,Ca)9(Mg,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(SiO3OH)4(OH)3

Crystallography of Cerite-(Ce)Hide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m - Ditrigonal Pyramidal
Space Group:
R3c
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.779(6) Å, c = 38.061(7) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 3.531
Unit Cell V:
3,829.73 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
6

Type Occurrence of Cerite-(Ce)Hide

Synonyms of Cerite-(Ce)Hide

Other Language Names for Cerite-(Ce)Hide

Relationship of Cerite-(Ce) to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3Trig. 3m : R3c
Cerite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)9(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3Trig. 3m : R3c

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Ferriallanite-(Ce)25 photos of Cerite-(Ce) associated with Ferriallanite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Törnebohmite-(Ce)15 photos of Cerite-(Ce) associated with Törnebohmite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Brochantite13 photos of Cerite-(Ce) associated with Brochantite on mindat.org.
Håleniusite-(La)7 photos of Cerite-(Ce) associated with Håleniusite-(La) on mindat.org.
Lanthanite-(Ce)4 photos of Cerite-(Ce) associated with Lanthanite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Bastnäsite-(La)4 photos of Cerite-(Ce) associated with Bastnäsite-(La) on mindat.org.
Gedrite3 photos of Cerite-(Ce) associated with Gedrite on mindat.org.
Sulphotsumoite3 photos of Cerite-(Ce) associated with Sulphotsumoite on mindat.org.
Carrollite2 photos of Cerite-(Ce) associated with Carrollite on mindat.org.
Allanite2 photos of Cerite-(Ce) associated with Allanite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.AG.05AbswurmbachiteCuMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AG.05BrauniteMn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AG.05NeltneriteCaMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AG.05Braunite-IICaMn3+14(SiO4)O20Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AG.10LångbaniteMn2+4Mn3+9Sb5+O16(SiO4)2Trig. 3m : P3m1
9.AG.15MalayaiteCaSn(SiO4)OMon.
9.AG.15TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)OMon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AG.15VanadomalayaiteCaV4+(SiO4)OMon.
9.AG.15Natrotitanite(Na0.5Y0.5)Ti(SiO4)OMon. 2/m : B2/b
9.AG.15ŻabińskiiteCa[Al0.5(Ta,Nb)0.5)](SiO4)OTric. 1
9.AG.20Cerite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)9(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3Trig. 3m : R3c
9.AG.20Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3Trig. 3m : R3c
9.AG.25Trimounsite-(Y)Y2Ti2(SiO4)O5Mon.
9.AG.25Yftisite-(Y)(Y,Dy,Er)4(Ti,Sn)(SiO4)2O(F,OH)6
9.AG.25Mieite-(Y)Y4Ti(SiO4)2O[F,(OH)]6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
9.AG.30SitinakiteKNa2Ti4(SiO4)2O5(OH) · 4H2OTet.
9.AG.35KittatinnyiteCa2Mn2Mn(SiO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2OHex.
9.AG.40aNatisiteNa2Ti(SiO4)OTet.
9.AG.40bParanatisiteNa2Ti(SiO4)OOrth.
9.AG.45Törnebohmite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
9.AG.45Törnebohmite-(La)(La,Ce)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
9.AG.50Kuliokite-(Y)Y4Al(SiO4)2(OH)2F5
9.AG.55ChantaliteCaAl2(SiO4)(OH)4Tet. 4/m : I41/a
9.AG.60MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
9.AG.60VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)Orth.
9.AG.65HatruriteCa3(SiO4)OTrig.
9.AG.70JasmunditeCa11(SiO4)4O2STet. 4 2m : I4m2
9.AG.75AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2OMon. m : Bb
9.AG.80BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2OTric.
9.AG.85ZoltaiiteBaV4+2V3+12(SiO4)2O19Trig. 3 : P3
9.AG.90Tranquillityite(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12Hex.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.8.1Thalénite-(Y)Y3Si3O10FMon.
14.8.2Keiviite-(Y)Y2Si2O7
14.8.3Keiviite-(Yb)Yb2Si2O7Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.8.4Tombarthite-(Y)Y4(Si,H4)4O12-x(OH)4+2xMon.
14.8.5ThortveititeSc2Si2O7Mon.
14.8.6Sazhinite-(Ce)Na2CeSi6O14•6H2O
14.8.7Monteregianite-(Y)(Na,K)6(Y,Ca)2Si16O38 · 10H2OMon. 2/m
14.8.8Iraqite-(La)KCa2(La,Ce,Th)Si8O20Tet.
14.8.9Ashcroftine-(Y)K5Na5(Y,Ca)12Si28O70(OH)2(CO3)8 · 8H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
14.8.10Nordite-(La)(La,Ce)(Sr,Ca)Na2(Na,Mn)(Zn,Mg)Si6O17
14.8.11Nordite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Sr,Ca)Na2(Na,Mn)(Zn,Mg)Si6O17
14.8.12JervisiteNaSc3+Si2O6Mon.
14.8.14CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)Tric.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Cerite-(Ce)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Cronstedt, A.F. (1751): Rön och försök giorde med trenne järnmalms arter. K. Vetenskaps Akademiens Handlingar. 12, 226-232.[as tungsten]
Hisinger, W. & Berzelius, J.J. (1804): Cerium, en ny Metall funnen i Bastnäs Tungsten från Riddarhyttan i Westmanland. Henrik A. Nordström, Stockholm, Sweden.
Klaproth, M.H. (1807): Chemische Untersuchung des Cererits, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Vierter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 140-152
Gay, P.(1957): The crystallography of cerite. American Mineralogist. 42: 429-432.
American Mineralogist. 43: 460-475.
American Mineralogist. 68: 996-1003.

Internet Links for Cerite-(Ce)Hide

Localities for Cerite-(Ce)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Angola
 
  • Namibe Province
    • Tombwa City Council
L. Torró, C. Villanova, M. Castillo, M. Campeny, A. O. Gonçalves and J. C. Melgarejo (2012): Niobium and rare earth minerals from the Virulundo carbonatite, Namibe, Angola. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 393-409.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Mt Babbage area (Inlier)
Wulser PA et al. U-Th-REE mobility in and around the Mt Painter & Mt Babbage inliers, Northern Flinders Ranges, South Australia. 2005, Abstracts Geol. Soc. Austra. Vol.78
Burundi
 
  • Bujumbura Rural Province
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
        • Gowganda area
          • Nichol Township
Petruk (1971): The Silver-Arsenide Deposits of the Cobalt-Gowganda Region, Ontario. Can. Mineral. 11, 232-262
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
    • Outaouais
http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/ceritece.pdf.
        • Val-des-Bois
Sabina, A.P. (1986) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Buckingham - Mont-Laurier - Grenville, Quebec Hawkesbury - Ottawa, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 33, 33 p.
      • Pontiac RCM
        • Otter Lake
Sabina, Ann P., Geological Survey of Canada paper 70-50. ; M A G Lafontaine (1979) Uranium-Thorium Deposite at the Yates Mine, Huddersfield Township, Quebec. MSc thesis, University of Ottawa.
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea Governorate
    • Eastern Desert
Mohamed, A. (2013). Mineral chemistry and genesis of Zr, Th, U, Nb, Pb, P, Ce and F enriched peralkaline granites of El-Sibai shear zone, central Eastern Desert, Egypt.
Finland
 
  • Lapland Region
    • Sodankylä
Thair, Al-Ani and Sarapää, Olli (2012): REE-mineralogy of arkosic gneisses from Mäkärä-Vaulo area, Tana belt, Northern Finland. Geologian Tutkimuskesus. Arkistoraportti 73/2011
Germany
 
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Freiberg District
Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 67-80.
Hungary
 
  • Baranya Co.
    • Mecsek Mts
      • Hosszúhetény
collector: Csaba Papp, WDS: Viera Kollárová
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Bagnolo Piemonte
Finello, G., Ambrino, P., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Blaß, G., Bracco, R. (2007): I minerali della “Pietra di Luserna”, Piemonte, Italia nord-occidentale. I. Alcune cave di gneiss della Val Luserna. Micro (località), 2/2007, 181-226.; Piccoli, G. C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo F. Eusebio - Alba, 607 pag.
Madagascar
 
  • Antsiranana Province
    • Diana Region (Northern Region)
      • Ambanja District
        • Ampasindava Peninsula
Estrade, G., et al.: REE and HFSE mineralization in peralkaline granites of the Ambohimirahavavy alkaline complex, Ampasindava peninsula, Madagascar. J. Afr. Earth Sci. (2013), (article in press)
Mongolia
 
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
P.M. Kartashov analytical data
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek District
      • Aris
Paula Piilonen, unpublished results
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Hamarøy
Selbekk R.S. (2010): Norges mineraler. En revidert utgave av Norges mineraler (Neumann 1985). Tapir-NGU-NHM. 552p (p. 314)
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Bjørkedalen
Knut Eldjarn collection
      • Mørje
        • Sagåsen
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Knut Eldjarn collection
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Portugal
 
  • Azores District
    • São Miguel Island
      • Água de Pau Massif
Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Romania
 
  • Harghita Co.
Hirtopanu Paulina, Andersen C. Jens, Fairhurst J. Robert and Jakab Gyula (2013) Allanite-(Ce) and its associations, from the Ditrau alkaline intrusive massif. Proc. Rom. Acad., Series B, 2013, 15(1), p. 59–74
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
    • Gheorgheni
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Vitim Plateau
          • Biraya and Bya Rivers confluence area (Chara Basin)
            • Biraya Fe-REE ore occurrence
A. Konev et al.: European Journal of Mineralogy 17(5):715–721 (2005)
    • Tuva Republic
      • Sangilen Upland
Kapustin Yu.L. (1989) Cerite and ternebohmite from fenites of alkaline massifs of Tuva, - Zapiski VMO, 118(4), p. 47-56 (in Rus.)
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374. ; Specimen identified by Dr. Igor Pekov, Moscow State University
      • Khibiny Massif
Canadian Mineralogist 40:1177-1184
      • Lovozero Massif
        • Suoluai River Valley
          • Kuamdespakhk Mt
Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Kyshtym (Kychtym; Kishtim)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 290; N.P. Yushkin e.a. Introduction in topomineralogy of Ural, -"Nauka", Moscow, 1986,p.294.
South Africa
 
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
        • Pilanesberg Alkaline Complex
Minerals of South Africa
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna
    • Avesta
      • Möklinta ore field
        • Knutsbo mines
  • Närke
    • Örebro
Jonsson, Erik; Högdahl, Karin; Sahlström, Fredrik; Majka, Jarek (2014) BIF-hosted REE silicate mineralisation at Högfors, Bergslagen, Sweden. 31st Nordic Geological Meeting, Lund Sweden.
  • Västmanland
    • Nora
      • Rödberg Mines
Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
    • Norberg
      • Getback ore field
Jansson, M. Förekomster med ceriummineral i stråket Möklinta, Norberg, Riddarhyttan och Nora.
Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
Collection of Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, Stockholm, Sweden nr 19540027, 19660293, 19660294 and 19660295; Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
      • Röberg ore field
Peacor, D. R. & Dunn, P. J.: (1988): Dollaseite-(Ce) (magnesium orthite redefined): Structure refinement and implications for F + M2+ substitutions in epidote-group minerals. American Mineralogist. 73: 838- 842;
No reference listed
    • Skinnskatteberg
      • Riddarhyttan
Hisinger, W. & Berzelius, J.J.(1804): Cerium: ein neuer Metall aus einer Schwedischen Steinart, Bastnäs Tungstein gennant. Neues Allgemeines Journal der Chemie, 2: 397-418; Holtstam, D., Bindi, L., Hålenius, U., & Andersson, U. B. (2017). Delhuyarite-(Ce)–Ce 4 Mg (Fe 3+ 2 W)□(Si 2 O 7) 2 O 6 (OH) 2–a new mineral of the chevkinite group, from the Nya Bastnäs Fe–Cu–REE deposit, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy, ejm2635_pap_gsw.
Cronstedt, A.F. (1751): Rön och försök giorde med trenne järnmalms arter. K. Vetenskaps Akademiens Handlingar. 12, 226-232.; Hisinger, W. & Berzelius, J.J. (1804): Cerium, en ny Metall funnen i Bastnäs Tungsten från Riddarhyttan i Westmanland. Henrik A. Nordström, Stockholm, Sweden.
Jonsson, E., Högdahl, K., Sahlström, F., Nysten, P. & Sadeghi, M. The palaeoproterozoic skarn-hosted REE mineralisations of Bastnäs-type: Overview and mineralogical- geological character. ERES2014: 1st European Rare Earth Resources Conference|Milos|04 07/09/2014: 382-389
Turkey
 
  • Mediterranean Region
    • Isparta Province
      • Gölcük District
Mustafa Kumral, Hakan Çoban, and Şemsettin Caran (2013) Th-, U- AND LREE-BEARING GROSSULAR, CHROMIAN FERRIALLANITE-(Ce) AND CHROMIAN CERITE-(Ce) IN SKARN XENOLITHS EJECTED FROM THE GÖLCÜK MAAR CRATER, ISPARTA, ANATOLIA, TURKEY, 2008, Canadian Mineralogist Can Mineral 46:275-276
USA
 
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range)
        • Mountain Pass District
          • Mountain Pass
Glass, Jewell Jeannette, H.T. Evans, Jr., M.K. Carron & Harry Rose, Jr. (1956), Cerite from Mountain Pass, San Bernardino County, California: American Mineralogist: 41: 665; Gay, Peter (1957), The crystallography of cerite: American Mineralogist: 42: 429-432; Glass, Jewell Jeannette, H.T. Evans, Jr., M.K. Carron & F.A. Hildebrand (1958), Cerite from Mountain Pass, San Bernardino County, California: American Mineralogist: 43: 460-480; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 222, 479; Haxel, G. (2005) Ultrapotassic rocks, carbonatite and rare earth element deposit, Mountain Pass, southern California. In: Geology and Mineral Resources of the Mojava National Preserve, southern California. USGS Bulletin 2160.
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Jamestown District
        • Jamestown
Goddard, E.N. and Glass, J.J. (1940): Deposits of radioactive cerite near Jamestown, Colorado. American Mineralogist. 25,381-404 ; Stern, C., Allaz, J., Raschke, M., Cortes, S. and Persson, P. (2013): Proterozoic fluorbritholite-bearing REE-Rich hydrothermal veins from near Jamestown, Colorado. Rocky Mountain Section - 65th Annual Meeting (15-17 May 2013). Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 45, No. 5, p.41
Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 23 (Table A-1).; USGS Prof. Paper 227
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Gunnison Co.
      • White Earth District (Powderhorn District)
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 17, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • Jefferson Co.
      • South Platte Pegmatite District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State, p.234
  • New York
    • Saratoga Co.
      • Edinburg Township
        • Batchellerville
Jensen, David (1978) The Minerals of New York State, p.76
Mineral and/or Locality  
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