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Chalcophanite

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Formula:
(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
System:
Trigonal
Colour:
Iron-black, bluish-black
Lustre:
Metallic, Sub-Metallic
Hardness:
Name:
Named in 1875 by Gideon Emmet Moore from the Greek χαλκός ("chalkos"), "brass", and φαίυεσθαι ("phainestai"), "to appear" in allusion to the change of color on ignition.
Isostructural with:
Frequently in thin platy crystals in open rosettes, also isolated tablets. Pseudo-octahedral habits may be confused with hetaerolite with which it is often associated.


Classification of Chalcophanite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.FL.20

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
L : Hydroxides with H2O +- (OH); sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
7.8.2.1

7 : MULTIPLE OXIDES
8 : AB3X7
7.5.8

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
5 : Oxides of Zn, Cd and Hg

Physical Properties of Chalcophanite

Metallic, Sub-Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Iron-black, bluish-black
Streak:
Dark brown, red-brown
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {0001}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
3.907 - 4.1 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.85 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Chalcophanite

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 2.720 nε = 2.720
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.000
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Extremely high
Colour in reflected light:
White
Internal Reflections:
Deep red
Pleochroism:
Strong
Comments:
O = nearly opaque
E = deep red

Chemical Properties of Chalcophanite

Formula:
(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
IMA Formula:
ZnMn34+O7 · 3H2O
Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Chalcophanite

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3 - Rhombohedral
Space Group:
R3
Space Group Setting:
R3
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.541 Å, c = 20.824 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.761
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,025.54 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
6
Morphology:
Minute crystals tabular {0001}, or with {0001} and {1011} equally developed, exhibiting a pseudo-octahedral habit. Commonly in drusy, botryoidal or stalactitic crusts with the tabular crystals arranged on edge. Massive; dense, granular, or platy, fibrous.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
6.96 (100)
6.23 (10)
4.08 (50)
3.50 (60)
3.32 (10)
3.23 (5)
2.77 (20)
2.71 (5)
2.57 (40)
2.46 (20)
2.41 (20)
2.24 (50)
2.13 (20)
1.986 (5)
1.900 (30)
1.849 (10)
1.795 (20)
1.750 (5)
1.715 (5)
1.668 (10)
1.597 (40)
1.563 (5)
1.507 (10)
1.431 (30)
1.402 (5)
1.324 (5)
1.308 (5)
1.279 (10)
Comments:
ICDD 15-807 (Sterling Mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey, USA); XRD nearly identical to aurorite

Type Occurrence of Chalcophanite

Geological Setting of Type Material:
oxidation zone of a franklinite and zincite deposit
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Relationship of Chalcophanite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
Jianshuiite(Mg,Mn,Ca)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
4.FL.TrébeurdeniteFe22+Fe43+O2(OH)10CO3·3H2O
4.FL.05WoodalliteMg6Cr2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
4.FL.05IowaiteMg6Fe23+(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
4.FL.05JamboriteM2+1−xMx3+(OH)2−x(SO4)x·nH2O
4.FL.05MeixneriteMg6Al2(OH)16(OH)2 · 4H2O
4.FL.05MuskoxiteMg7Fe4O13 · 10H2O
4.FL.05FougèriteFe42+Fe23+(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
4.FL.10HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
4.FL.15KuzeliteCa4Al2(OH)12[SO4] · 6H2O
4.FL.20Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
4.FL.20ErnienickeliteNiMn3O7 · 3H2O
4.FL.20Jianshuiite(Mg,Mn,Ca)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
4.FL.25WoodruffiteZn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMnx3+)O2·yH2O
4.FL.30Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
4.FL.35BuseriteNa4Mn14O27 · 21H2O
4.FL.40Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
4.FL.40Takanelite(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
4.FL.45Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
4.FL.55CianciulliiteMn(Mg,Mn)2Zn2(OH)10 · 2-4H2O
4.FL.60JenseniteCu3[TeO6] · 2H2O
4.FL.65LeisingiteCuMg2Te6+O6 · 6H2O
4.FL.70Akdalaite5Al2O3 · H2O
4.FL.75CafetiteCaTi2O5 · H2O
4.FL.80MouriteUMo5O12(OH)10
4.FL.85DeloryiteCu4(UO2)(MoO4)2(OH)6
7.5.1ZinciteZnO
7.5.2SweetiteZn(OH)2
7.5.3AshoveriteZn(OH)2
7.5.4WülfingiteZn(OH)2
7.5.5GahniteZnAl2O4
7.5.6HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
7.5.7HydrohetaeroliteZnMn2O4 · H2O
7.5.9WoodruffiteZn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMnx3+)O2·yH2O
7.5.10FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
7.5.11MonteponiteCdO
7.5.12MontroyditeHgO

Other Names for Chalcophanite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Not fluorescent in UV
Other Information:
Soluble in HCl.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Chalcophanite

Reference List:
Moore, G.E. (1875) On chalcophanite, a new mineral species. The American Chemist 6, 1-2.

Penfield and Kreider (1894): American Journal of Science: 48: 141.

Ford (1914): American Journal of Science: 38: 502.

Orcel and Pavlovitch (1932): Bull. soc. min.: 54: 108.

Ramdohr (1938): Zbl. Min.: 134.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 739-740.

Wadsley, A.D. (1955) The crystal structure of chalcophanite, ZnMn3O7·3H2O. Acta Crystallographica 8, 165-172.

Post, J.E. and Appleman, D.E. (1988) Chalcophanite, ZnMn3O7·3H2O: New crystal-structure determinations. American Mineralogist 73, 1401-1404.

Post, J.E. & Heaney, P.J. (2014) Time-resolved synchrotron X-ray diffraction study of the dehydration behavior of chalcophanite. American Mineralogist 99, 1956-1961.

Internet Links for Chalcophanite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-947.html
Please feel free to link to this page.
Specimens:
The following Chalcophanite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Chalcophanite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca
    • Belén Department
      • Farallón Negro
        • Agua de Dionisio mining district (YMAD)
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
  • Córdoba
    • Minas Department
Sureda (1978): Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina 33(4):299-324
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Bligh Co.
      • Leadville
No reference listed
    • Roxburgh Co.
MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, DECEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 556-8
    • Yancowinna Co.
[MinRec 7:30]
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
        • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Australian Mineralogist (1997): 3: 1.
  • Northern Territory
    • East Arnhem Region
      • Groote Eylandt
Econ Geol (1981) 76:556-567
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
No reference listed
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Leigh Creek
          • Puttapa
Museum Victoria collection(?)
      • South Flinders Ranges
        • Cradock
SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 6098
        • Martins Well
Johnston, C.W . & Hill, R.J. (1978): Zinc phosphates at Reaphook Hill South Australia. Mineralogical Record 9,(1), 20-24; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 3220
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Clarendon
Kolitsch, U. and Elliott, P. (1999): Mineralogy of the Mount Malvern Mine near Clarendon, South Australia. Australian J. Mineral. 5, 3-17.
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Waratah district
        • Magnet
[MinRec 19:383]
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan District
        • Dundas mineral field
Bottrill RS & Baker, WE (in prep) Catalogue of Minerals of Tasmania. Mineral Resources Tasmania
Australian Journal of Mineralogy (2006) 12: 59-90
- Bottrill, R. S. & Baker, W. E. (2008): A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Bulletin 73, Mineral Resources Tasmania, 254 pp.
BOTTRILL, R. S., and BAKER, W. E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Bulletin 73, Mineral Resources Tasmania. 254 pages.; Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., Housley, R. M., Bottrill, R. S., & Kolitsch, U. (2012). Reynoldsite, Pb2Mn4+ 2 O5 (CrO4), a new phyllomanganate-chromate from the Blue Bell claims, California and the Red Lead mine, Tasmania. American Mineralogist, 97(7), 1187-1192.
  • Victoria
    • East Gippsland Shire
MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, DECEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 556-8
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
Nickel, E.H., Gartrell, B.J. (1993) Secondary Minerals of Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993) 24:3: 203-218.
[MinRec 24:210]
Nickel, E., Gartrell, B(1993): Secondary Minerals from Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993): 24:3:203-218
    • Dundas Shire
MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, DECEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 556-8
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Gregory Ranges District
Jones, S., McNaughton, n.j., Grguric, B., 2013. Structural controls and timing of fault-hosted manganese at Woodie Woodie, East Pilbara, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews. 50, 52-82.
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Ora Banda Goldfield
http://tngltd.com.au/projects/jv_projects_cu_au_ni/cawse_extended_geology.phtml
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Gailtaler Alpen & Karnische Alpen
      • Lesach valley
        • Podlanig
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Goldberg group
        • Innerfragant
          • Wurten
Bergbau in Westkärnten
        • Zirknitz
          • Große Zirknitz valley
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Bergbau in Westkärnten
  • Salzburg
    • Golling
      • Hoher Göll
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
  • Styria
    • Fischbacher Alpen
      • Spital am Semmering
        • Steinhaus am Semmering
          • Fröschnitz valley (Fröschnitz)
Kolitsch, U. (2013): 1818) Aurorit und Chalkophanit vom Bergbau am Arzberg bei Steinhaus am Semmering, Steiermark. Pp. 129-130 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2013): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXII. Carinthia II, 203./123., 91-146.
Belgium
 
  • Liège Province
    • Verviers
      • Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet) mining district
        • Lontzen
          • Walhorn
Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège, Vol. 85, 2016, p. 30 - 55 Minéralogie de l’ancienne mine plomb-zinc de
  • Namur Province
    • Namur
Blondieau, M. et al. (2012): Minéralogie de la carrière de Beez, Province de Namur (Belgique). Le Règne Minéral, 104, 5-26.
Bulgaria
 
  • Haskovo Oblast (Khaskovo Oblast)
    • Rhodope Mts
Dobrev, S., Vassileva, M., & Kolkovski, B. (2004). Hetaerolite from Madjarovo Au-base-metal deposit, Eastern Rhodopes. In Annual Scientific Conference of the Bulgarian Geological Society “Geology 2004 (pp. 16-17).
  • Smolyan Oblast
    • Rhodope Mts
      • Madan ore field
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Annual Report No. 13, 43-45.
Canada
 
  • Yukon
    • Dawson Mining District
      • Rapid Creek
        • Stoneman Camp (Area B; Area 2)
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
    • Mayo Mining District
      • Galena Hill
        • Calumet
Personal collection
Watson, K.W., (1996) Table of minerals identified from the Keno-Galena Hill area: unpublished company report, United Keno Hill Mines Ltd. Report No UKH96/01 Technical Report
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
Econ Geol (1991) 86:1222-1237
      • Sierra Gorda District
samples analysed by Gerhard Mohn and Joy Desor
  • Tarapacá Region
    • El Tamarugal Province
      • Salar Grande
samples analysed by Anthony Kampf, Curator Emeritus of Mineral Sciences at NHM of LAC, California; Kampf, A.R., Sciberras, M.J., Williams, P.A., Dini, M. & Molina Donoso, A.A. (2013): Leverettite from the Torrecillas mine, Iquique Provence, Chile: the Co-analogue of herbertsmithite. Mineralogical Magazine 77, 3047-3054.
China
 
  • Anhui Province
    • Xuancheng Prefecture
      • Xuanzhou District
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40
  • Fujian Province
    • Longyan Prefecture
      • Liancheng Co.
        • Liancheng Mn deposit
Nanlai Zheng, Xingli Mao, and Jiansheng Ding (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(3), 17-20; Huacai Chen (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(10), 6-11; Shouquan Zhu (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(12), 57
  • Guangdong Province
    • Foshan Prefecture
      • Gaoming District
Liangkai Gu (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(1), 15-18
    • Meizhou Prefecture
      • Mei Co.
Liangkai Gu (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(1), 15-18
    • Qingyuan Prefecture
      • Lianzhou Co. (Lian Co.)
Liangkai Gu (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(1), 15-18
    • Yunfu Prefecture
      • Luoding Co.
Renxian Zheng (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(2), 8-14; Guicheng Huang, Xiongwu Wang, Shiyi Yang, Longqing Chen, and Jingsheng Ling (2001): Mineral Deposits 20(3), 243-250
  • Henan Province
    • Nanyang Prefecture
      • Tongbai Co.
        • Weishancheng ore field
Diankai Chen and Danshen Zhou (1984): Mineral Deposits 3(1), 37-46
Diankai Chen and Danshen Zhou (1984): Mineral Deposits 3(1), 37-46
  • Hubei Province
    • Huangshi Prefecture
      • Yangxin Co.
Junping Dong (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(7), 21-24, 44
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Guiyang Co.
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Ulanhad League (Chifeng Prefecture)
      • Linxi Co.
        • Guandi
Baisheng Zhang (1998): Mineral Resources and Geology 12(5), 318-323
  • Jiangsu Province
    • Nanjing Prefecture
      • Jiangning District
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40
  • Shanxi Province
    • Datong Prefecture
      • Lingqiu Co.
Qingrong Zheng, Xinjun Zhang, and Erhu Sun (2012): Resources & Industries 14(2), 106-111
  • Yunnan Province
    • Nujiang Autonomous Prefecture
      • Lanping Co.
Liyan Zhang and Xihui Yang (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(6), 36-40; Fuguang Zhao (2007): Non-Ferrous Mining and Metallurgy 23(6), 20-25
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Corneilla-de-Conflent
        • Plateau d'Ambulla (Las Ambollas)
Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 80.
      • Corsavy
Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 39-44. and collection Guitard CERP Tautavel
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Titisee-Neustadt
        • Eisenbach
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Waidhaus
        • Hagendorf
Mücke, A., Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Haase, J., (1989): Über einige Neufunde (Matulait, Chalkantit, und Jarosit)....., Der Aufschluss, Vol. 40, 295-307
  • Lower Saxony
    • Hanover
      • Stemmen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Iserlohn
        • Letmathe
Bender, D.; Krimmelbein, M. & W; Altena (1994): Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. in Mineralien-Welt, 4, p.10
      • Meschede
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Siegerland
      • Eiserfeld
        • Kohlenbach Valley
Henrich, M. (2009): Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 14-27.
      • Müsen
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Mayen
        • Langenfeld
          • St Jost
Graf, HW., (1991): Die Grube Bendisberg, bei Virneburg / Eifel, Mineralien-Welt 5/91
    • Lahn valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Tanne
        • Trautenstein
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Schwarzenberg District
        • Langenberg
          • Graul
http://www.dergraul.de
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.; Branko Rieck Collection
            • Hilarion area
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
        • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
Branko Rieck collection
Steve Rust Collection
        • Plaka
Fehr, T. & Dirscherl, R. (1987): Chalkophanit von Lavrion. Lapis, 12 (1), 29.; Fritz Schreiber and NHM Wien collections (SXRD-analysis Uwe Kolitsch)
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
  • Macedonia Department
    • Dráma Prefecture
Zwicker, W.K. et al (1962) Nsutite - a widespread manganese oxide mineral. American Mineralogist, 47, 246-266.
    • Kavála Prefecture
      • Kavála
Andrew P. Fornadel, Paul G. Spry, Vasilios Melfos, Michael Vavelidis and Panagiotis Ch. Voudouris (2011): Is the Palea Kavala Bi–Te–Pb–Sb ± Au district, northeastern Greece, an intrusion-related system? Ore Geology Reviews, 39, 119-133.
Hungary
 
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Parádsasvár (Üveghuta)
Szakáll S.,2007; Szakáll - Gatter: Minerals of Hungary
Szakáll-Gatter-Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary
Indonesia
 
  • Sulawesi (Celebes)
    • Sulawesi Selatan Province (South Sulawesi Province)
      • Gowa
Nur, I., Idrus, A., Pramumijoyo, S., Harijoko, A., Watanabe, K., Imai, A., ... & Irfan, U. R. (2012). Elemental Mass Balance of the Hydrothermal Alteration Associated with the Baturappe Epithermal Silver-Base Metal Prospect, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Iran
 
  • Yazd Province
    • Bafq (Bafgh)
USGS database
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Ne
        • Graveglia Valley
          • Reppia
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (4), 131
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Gesso Valley
        • Valdieri
          • San Lorenzo
Parola, F. (2015): I minerali della Miniera del Lausetto in Valle Gesso (Cuneo). Tesi di laurea in Scienze Geologiche. Università degli Studi di Torino, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Torino, 47 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Vallermosa
Stara P., Rizzo R. and Tanca G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e minerali. Vol. II, pagg. 71-73. EMSa (Ente Minerario Sardo), Centrooffset Siena.
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Domusnovas
        • Oridda
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente - Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 1, 238 pp.
EDX analysis by Italo Campostrini
      • Fluminimaggiore
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Arbus
        • Ingurtosu
Stara, P., Rizzo,R. & Tanca, G. A. (1996) - Iglesiente, Arburese, Miniere e Minerali (vol. II) - Associazioni Mineralogiche Italiane, 192 pp.
    • Sassari Province
      • Alghero
        • Calabona area
Fiori, S., Gorga, R., (1995), Hetaerolite e calcofanite di Monte Argentiera nella zona mineraria di Calabona - Vessus (Sardegna nordoccidentale), Il Cercapietre, notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Romano, N°22, pp.17- 21.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
      • Isarco Valley (Eisack Valley)
        • Chiusa (Klausen)
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
    • Trento Province
      • Valsugana
        • Vignola-Falesina
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Massa Marittima
        • Montoccoli-Castellaccia area (Fosso Zanca-Filone di Montoccoli area; Zanca Valley mines)
Bazzoni C., Mangoni G., Capperi M., Bernocchi M. (2011): Montoccoli-Castellaccia: I minerali delle miniere nella valle del torrente Zanca (Grosseto). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 35, 2 (2-2011), 76-89.
Sabelli C., Olmi F., Brizzi G., Meli R., 1996. Serrabottini (GR): recenti ritrovamenti nelle antiche discariche. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 19: 9-28.
      • Monte Argentario
Biagioni C., Cerri M., Bernocchi M., Betti C., Del Chiaro L., Mangoni G., Bazzoni C. (2016): Monte Argentario. I minerali del giacimento ferro-manganesifero. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 40, 1 (1-2016), 8-20.
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza province
      • Torrebelvicino
Saccardo D. (2002) - Interessanti novità mineralogiche del Vicentino - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 26 (2), 104 - 107
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
        • Hida City
          • Kamioka mine
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
        • Seki City
          • Horado mine
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
    • Kinki Region
      • Kyoto Prefecture
        • Nantan City
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Tohoku Region
      • Fukushima Prefecture
        • Yama-gun
          • Yamato-machi
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
      • Miyagi Prefecture
Nambu & Kitamura (1969) Chigaku Kenkyu, 20, 131-137.
Kosovo
 
  • District of Kosovska Mitrovica
    • Kosovska Mitrovica
      • Trepča valley
        • Trepča complex
Féraud J. (1979) - La mine " Stari-Trg " (Trepca, Yougoslavie) et ses richesses minéralogiques. Avec la collaboration de Mari D. et G. (1979) Minéraux et Fossiles, n° 59-60, p. 19-28
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Aquiles Serdán
Peter Megaw Collection
        • West Camp
          • Francisco Portillo
Peter Megaw Collection
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Mapimí
      • Mapimí
Rocks & Min.: 56:247.; American Mineralogist, Volume 73, pages 1172-1 178, 1988
Thomas P. Moore (2008) Lapis, 33, #7-8, 33-40.
Thomas P. Moore (2008) Lapis, 33, #7-8, 33-40.
Mongolia
 
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2009)
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Swakopmund District
      • Arandis
        • Rössing Mountains Area
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 856 pp. (in German)
  • Karas Region
    • Lüderitz District
      • Rosh Pinah
Jahn, S. (2007): Tarbuttit von der Skorpion Zink Mine, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 18 (4), 56-66. (in German)
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
[MinRec 8:Tsumeb 22]
  • Otjozondjupa Region
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 368 pp. (in English)
Norway
 
  • Oppland
    • Lunner
      • Grua
        • Grua Mining District
Harald Folvik (2005): Mineralene på Skjerpemyr. STEIN 32 (1), 4-9 (in norwegian)
Peru
 
  • Cuzco Department
    • Paruro Province
Mondillo, N., Boni, M., Balassone, G. & Villa. I. M. (2014): The Yanque Prospect (Peru): From Polymetallic Zn-Pb Mineralization to a Nonsulfide Deposit. Economic Geology. 109, 1735-1762.
Poland
 
  • Małopolskie
Kulig, Maria (1973): CHALCOPHANITE FROM THE SILESIAN-CRACOVIAN Zn-Pb DEPOSITS. MINERALOGIA POLONICA Vol 4
Romania
 
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
      • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Kavalerovo Mining District
[MinRec 32:8]
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Bashkortostan Republic (Bashkiria Republic)
        • Uchaly
          • Il'insky ore field
Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Kotlyarov, V.A., Fadina, I.B. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 583-589.
Saudi Arabia
 
  • Mintaqah ar Riyad
Testard, J., Tegyey, M., Picot, P., Maury, M., & Kosakevitch, M. (1979, June). Khnaiguiyah: Mineralization in an Acid Volcanosedimentary Environment. In Evolution and Mineralization of the Arabian-Nubian Shield: Proceedings of a Symposium Convened (Vol. 3, p. 80). Pergamon Press.
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
Wilson, W.E. & Dunn, P.J., (1978) Famous localities: The Kalahari manganese field. Mineralogical Record 9(3) pp 151.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • San José
Georges FAVREAU collection
  • Aragón
    • Huesca
      • Gistaín
Calvo, M. (2009). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol IV. Óxidos e hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 751 págs.
  • Cantabria
    • Torrelavega
      • Viérnoles
Díaz de Baranda, B., Ruiz, P., Carral, J. y Menor, C. (2009), Mina "Nieves", Viernoles (Cantabria). Bocamina, 23:14-45
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Toledo
      • Madridejos
        • Cerro de Pichita in La Perdiguera
Menor, César (2010): Mineralogía de Pb-Zn en Madridejos (Toledo). Rev. Acopios vol.1. pp. 53-67.
        • Cerros de La Perdiguera
Menor, César (2010): Mineralogía de Pb-Zn en Madridejos (Toledo). Rev. Acopios vol.1. pp. 53-67.
Menor, César (2010): Mineralogía de Pb-Zn en Madridejos (Toledo). Rev. Acopios vol.1. pp. 53-67.
  • Extremadura
    • Badajoz
      • Santa Marta
Gonzalez Del Tanago, Jose; La Iglesia, Angel; Rius, Jordi; Fernandez Santin, Soledad. (2003): Calderonite, a new lead-iron-vanadate of the brackebuschite group: American Mineralogist 88, 1703-1708.,
  • Murcia
    • Cartagena
      • Sierra Minera de Cartagena-La Unión
        • Atamaría
          • Campos de golf area
            • El Puntal
Calvo, M. (1996). Mineralogía. La Unión. Bocamina, 2, 14-35
        • El Estrecho de San Ginés
          • Cabezo de San Ginés
Calvo, M. (1996). Mineralogía. La Unión. Bocamina, 2, 14-35
        • San Ginés de la Jara
          • Cabezo de San Ginés
Miguel Calvo specimens
    • Sierra de Cartagena
      • La Unión
        • Portman
[MinRec 25:222]
Tunisia
 
  • Nefza mining district
    • Tamra
Decrée et al. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 397-410.
  • Siliana Governorate
    • Siliana
      • Djebel Sekarna
Dill, Weiss, Botz, Dohrmann, Paleontological, mineralogical and chemical studies of syngenetic and epigenetic Pb–Zn–Ba–P mineralizations at the stratotype of the K/P boundary, International Journal of Earth Sciences, Feb 2010.
Turkey
 
  • Eastern Anatolia Region
    • Elazig Province
      • Keban
Kines, M. T. (1969). The geology and the ore mineralization in the Keban area, east Turkey (Doctoral dissertation, Durham University).
UK
 
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Ceulanymaesmawr
        • Talybont
          • Nant-y-Moch Reservoir area
      • Trefeirig
        • Ponterwyd
          • Nant-y-Moch Reservoir area
UKJMM.23.2003.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Southeast Fairbanks Borough
      • Fortymile District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Dragoon Mts
        • Turquoise District (Courtland-Gleeson District)
          • Courtland
            • Casey Hill
Rolf Luetcke
Rolf Luetcke
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
[MinRec 12:299-300]
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 164; Graeme, R. (1981), Famous mineral localities: Bisbee, AZ, Min.Rec.: 12: 256-319.
Rolf Luetcke
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Hayden area
            • Chilito
              • Keystone Gulch
                • Reagan claims (Regan/Reagan Camp prospects; Lee Reagan property; Lee Reagan prospects; Kullman-McCool group)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 164.
    • Greenlee Co.
      • Shannon Mts
        • Copper Mountain District (Clifton-Morenci District)
          • Morenci
Rolf Luetcke
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Big Horn Mts
        • Osborn District
          • Tonopah
            • Belmont Mountain
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 164; Allen, G.B. & W. Hunt (1988), The Tonopah-Belmont Mine, Maricopa Co., AZ, Min.Rec.: 19(3): 139-144.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Mineral Mountain District
        • Superior area
          • Reymert Canyon
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 165, 188, 252.; Wilson, K. S. (1984). The geology and epithermal silver mineralization of the Reymert Mine, Pinal County, Arizona. MS Thesis University of Arizona
      • San Manuel District
        • San Manuel-Mammoth area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 165.
    • Yuma Co.
      • Kofa Mts (S.H. Mts)
        • Kofa District
          • Kofa Game Range
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 124, 165, 240, 343, 398.
      • Little Horn Mts
        • Sheep Tanks District
          • Kofa Game Range
            • Sheep Tanks Mine (Sheep Tank Mine; Resolution group)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 164.
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Mule Mts
XRD determination by Dr. Anthony Kampf.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range)
        • Clark Mountain District (Clark District)
          • Mohawk Hill
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 168; Mineralogical Record (1977): 8: 432.
  • Colorado
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Lawson District (Dumont District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.; U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
    • Custer Co.
      • Silver Cliff District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Lake Co.
      • Leadville District
MinRec 16:171-201
        • Long and Derry Hill
          • Iowa Gulch
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Park Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Maine
    • Oxford Co.
Anderson, 1991. Maine Mineral Localities, 2nd ed.
  • Montana
    • Granite Co.
      • Philipsburg District (Flint Creek District)
Geology and Ore Deposits of the Philipsburg District, Granite Co., Montana; William C. Prinz, 1967
        • Durango & Moorlight Group (Durango & Moonlight Group)
Geology and Ore Deposits of the Philipsburg District, Granite Co., Montana; William C. Prinz, 1967
        • Scratch Awl Mine (Scratch All Mine; Silver Prince; Cliff; Salmon; Blackmail Mine)
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Geology and Ore Deposits of the Philipsburg District, Granite Co., Montana; William C. Prinz, 1967
Geology and Ore Deposits of the Philipsburg District, Granite Co., Montana; William C. Prinz, 1967
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Carlin Trend
        • Maggie Creek Subdistrict
MinRec 26(5):449-469.
      • Lynn District
        • Elko
Mineralogical Record 26:467
    • Lincoln Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Silver King District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Candelaria District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Collection of Kelly Starnes
    • Pershing Co.
      • Rochester District
Econ Geol (1981) 76:580-609
    • White Pine Co.
      • White Pine District
        • Silver Belt
          • Treasure Hill
            • Summit area
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Passaic Co.
Sassen, Roger (1978) Natrolite and Associated Secondary Minerals at the Chimney Rock Quarry, Bound Brook, New Jersey.[MinRec 9:26]
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Dunn(1995):Pt4:588.
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Dunn(1995):Pt4:587.
Moore G E (1875) On chalcophanite, a new mineral species. The American Chemist 6, 1-2; Palache(1935):52; Baum( J.L.: The Sterling Hill mud zone: The Picking Table:3(2):8-10 (1962); Dunn(1995):Pt4:587.
Palache, C. (1935): The Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, Sussex County, New Jersey, U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 180, 135pp
  • New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
      • Hanover-Fierro District
M Massis collection
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.; 3rd Annual New Mexico Mineral Symposium (1983) New Mexico Geology 5:84-85
    • Santa Fe Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
[MinRec 20:63]
    • Socorro Co.
Virgil W. Lueth, Richard M. Chamberlin, and Lisa Peters (2004) Age of mineralization in the Luis Lopez manganese district, Socorro County, New Mexico, as determined by 40Ar/39Ar dating of cryptomelane. NMBGMR Bulletin 160 pp239-249
[MinRec 20:24]
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • South Dakota
    • Lawrence Co.
Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
  • Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Deep Creek Mts
        • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
          • Gold Hill
Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22.
Patrick Haynes. Some ID'd by Tony Kampf
Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22.
Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22.
    • Utah Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • East Tintic District
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; USGS Professional Paper 614-A; U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY PROFESSIONAL PAPER 1024,
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; USGS Prof Paper 1024
  • Virginia
    • Craig Co.
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Giles Co.
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Yemen
 
  • Al Jawf Governorate
N. Mondillo, M. Boni, G. Balassone, B. Grist (2011) In search of the lost zinc: A lesson from the Jabali (Yemen) nonsulide zinc deposit. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 108 (2011) 209–219; Mondillo, N., Boni, M., Balassone, G., Joachimski, M., & Mormone, A. (2014). The Jabali nonsulfide Zn–Pb–Ag deposit, western Yemen. Ore Geology Reviews, 61, 248-267.; Santoro, L. (2015). The Jabali, Hakkari and Reef Ridge nonsulfide Zn (Pb) deposits: an evaluation by QEMSCAN® technology, and comparison to other analytical methods. PhD thesis, Università Degli Studi Di Napoli “Federico II”
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