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Chloroxiphite

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Formula:
Pb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2
Colour:
Dull olive green
Lustre:
Adamantine, Resinous
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
6.76 - 6.93
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
From the Greek χλωρός, green and ζιφος, a blade or sword, in allusion to its color and crystal habit.
This page provides mineralogical data about Chloroxiphite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of ChloroxiphiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
3.DB.30

3 : HALIDES
D : Oxyhalides, hydroxyhalides and related double halides
B : With Pb, Cu, etc.
10.6.4.1

10 : OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
6 : AmBn(O,OH)pXq
8.8.15

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
8 : Halides of Pb

Pronounciation of ChloroxiphiteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of ChloroxiphiteHide

Adamantine, Resinous
Colour:
Dull olive green
Streak:
Light green yellow
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Very brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {_101} perfect; {100} distinct.
Density:
6.76 - 6.93 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.07 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of ChloroxiphiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 2.160 nβ = 2.240 nγ = 2.250
2V:
Measured: 70° , Calculated: 36°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.090
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
extreme
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X ≈ perpendicular to {_101}
Y = brown
Z = b = green

Chemical Properties of ChloroxiphiteHide

Formula:
Pb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2

Crystallography of ChloroxiphiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.6972(8) Å, b = 5.7538(5) Å, c = 10.4686(14) Å
β = 97.747(10)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.164 : 1 : 1.819
Unit Cell V:
399.72 ų
Morphology:
Crystals bladed, elongated [010] and flattened {_101}. Subparallel groups. {_101} roughly striated [010].

Type Occurrence of ChloroxiphiteHide

Synonyms of ChloroxiphiteHide

Other Language Names for ChloroxiphiteHide

Simplified Chinese:绿铜铅矿
Traditional Chinese:綠銅鉛礦

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Mendipite33 photos of Chloroxiphite associated with Mendipite on mindat.org.
Diaboleite13 photos of Chloroxiphite associated with Diaboleite on mindat.org.
Mereheadite10 photos of Chloroxiphite associated with Mereheadite on mindat.org.
Crednerite9 photos of Chloroxiphite associated with Crednerite on mindat.org.
Paralaurionite9 photos of Chloroxiphite associated with Paralaurionite on mindat.org.
Cerussite4 photos of Chloroxiphite associated with Cerussite on mindat.org.
Calcite4 photos of Chloroxiphite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Parkinsonite3 photos of Chloroxiphite associated with Parkinsonite on mindat.org.
Hydrocerussite1 photo of Chloroxiphite associated with Hydrocerussite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.DB.RickturneritePb7O4[Mg(OH)4](OH)Cl3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.DB.05DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4Tet. 4mm : P4mm
3.DB.10PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
3.DB.15BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
3.DB.20CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
3.DB.25BideauxitePb2AgCl3(F,OH)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.DB.35HematophanitePb4Fe3O8(OH,Cl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
3.DB.40AsisitePb7SiO9Cl2 Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
3.DB.40ParkinsonitePb7MoO9Cl2 Tet.
3.DB.45MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.DB.50YedlinitePb6Cr3+Cl6(O,OH,H2O)8Trig. 3 : R3

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

8.8.1AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6Trig.
8.8.2MatlockitePbFClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
8.8.3LaurelitePb7F12Cl2Hex. 6 : P6
8.8.4CotunnitePbCl2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.8.5MendipitePb3Cl2O2Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.8.6DamaraitePb3Cl(OH)O2Orth. mm2 : Pmc21
8.8.7LaurionitePbCl(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.8.8ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.8.9PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
8.8.10FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2OMon. 2/m
8.8.11BlixitePb2(O,OH)2ClOrth.
8.8.12PseudocotunniteK2PbCl4Orth.
8.8.13DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4Tet. 4mm : P4mm
8.8.14PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
8.8.17BideauxitePb2AgCl3(F,OH)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
8.8.18BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
8.8.19AravaipaitePb3AlF9 · H2OTric.
8.8.20YedlinitePb6Cr3+Cl6(O,OH,H2O)8Trig. 3 : R3
8.8.21KolaritePbTeCl2Orth.
8.8.22HematophanitePb4Fe3O8(OH,Cl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in nitric acid.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ChloroxiphiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Spencer (1923) Mineralogical Magazine: 20: 76.
American Mineralogist (1924): 9: 96.
Palache, C., Berman, H. & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged
Mineralogical Magazine: 41: 357-361.
Slidra, O.I., S.V.Krivivichev, R.W. Turner, & M.S. Rumsey (2008). Chloroxiphite Pb3CuO2(OH)2Cl2: structure refinement and description in terms of oxocentred OPb4 tetrahedra. Mineralogical Magazine 72(3), 793-798(2008)

Internet Links for ChloroxiphiteHide

Localities for ChloroxiphiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
China
 
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Hami Co. (Kumul Co.; Qumul Co.)
http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1060/PorCu.txt
Germany
 
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Mansfeld Basin
      • Hettstedt
Knoll,H. (2003). Chlorixiphit, Calumetit, Boleit und Kassiterit aus dem Mansfelder Kupferschiefer. (Bem. Eigenfund) Lapis, Jg.28, Nr.11, S.42-43.
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
        • Thorikos area
Laurion The minerals in the ancient slags by Piet Gelaude etc.
UK
 
  • England
    • Bristol
      • Westbury on Trym
BMS Database
    • Cornwall
      • St Agnes District
        • Crantock
BMS Newsletter 79, March 2010 (http://britishmicromountsociety.homestead.com/Gannell-Smelter.html)
    • Somerset
      • Cranmore
Turner, R.W. and Rumsey, M.S. (2010): Mineral Relationships in the Mendip Hills. Journal of the Russell Society, vol 13, pp 3-46; Siidra, O.I., Krivovichev, S.V., Turner, R.W. and Rumsey, M.S .(2008). Chloroxiphite Pb3CuO2(OH)2Cl2 structure refinement and description in terms of oxocentered OPb4 tetrahedra. Mineralogical Magazine, 72, 793-798; Turner, R.W., (2006) A Mechanism for the formation of the Mineralised Mn Deposits at Merehead Quarry, Cranmore, Somerset, England. Mineralogical Magazine vol. 70, no. 6, pp 629 - 653; Mineralogical Magazine 1977 41 : 410-411
      • Holwell
BMS Database
      • Mendip Hills
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 57.
        • Priddy
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 83, 85; Mineralogical Magazine (1923): 20, 67-92 (the mineral 75-77); Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"] [MinRec 27:253]
Mineral and/or Locality  
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