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About ChloroxiphiteHide

Dull olive green
Adamantine, Resinous
Specific Gravity:
6.76 - 6.93
Crystal System:
From the Greek χλωρός, green and ζιφος, a blade or sword, in allusion to its color and crystal habit.
This page provides mineralogical data about Chloroxiphite.

Classification of ChloroxiphiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

D : Oxyhalides, hydroxyhalides and related double halides
B : With Pb, Cu, etc.

6 : AmBn(O,OH)pXq

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
8 : Halides of Pb

Pronounciation of ChloroxiphiteHide

PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of ChloroxiphiteHide

Adamantine, Resinous
Dull olive green
Light green yellow
2½ on Mohs scale
Very brittle
On {_101} perfect; {100} distinct.
6.76 - 6.93 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.07 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of ChloroxiphiteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 2.160 nβ = 2.240 nγ = 2.250
Measured: 70° , Calculated: 36°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.090
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
X ≈ perpendicular to {_101}
Y = brown
Z = b = green

Chemical Properties of ChloroxiphiteHide


Crystallography of ChloroxiphiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.6972(8) Å, b = 5.7538(5) Å, c = 10.4686(14) Å
β = 97.747(10)°
a:b:c = 1.164 : 1 : 1.819
Unit Cell V:
399.72 ų
Crystals bladed, elongated [010] and flattened {_101}. Subparallel groups. {_101} roughly striated [010].

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0014466ChloroxiphiteFinney J J, Graeber E J, Rosenzweig A, Hamilton R D (1977) The structure of chloroxiphite, Pb3CuO2(OH)2Cl2 Mineralogical Magazine 41 357-3611977Mendip Hills, Somerset, England0293
0019224ChloroxiphiteSiidra O I, Krivovichev S V, Turner R W, Rumsey M S (2008) Chloroxiphite Pb3CuO2(OH)2Cl2: structure refinement and description in terms of oxocentred OPb4 tetrahedra Mineralogical Magazine 72 793-7982008Merehead Quarry, Somerset, England0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of ChloroxiphiteHide

Synonyms of ChloroxiphiteHide

Other Language Names for ChloroxiphiteHide

Simplified Chinese:绿铜铅矿
Traditional Chinese:綠銅鉛礦

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
33 photos of Chloroxiphite associated with MendipitePb3Cl2O2
13 photos of Chloroxiphite associated with DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
10 photos of Chloroxiphite associated with MereheaditePb47Cl25(OH)13O24(CO3)(BO3)2
9 photos of Chloroxiphite associated with CredneriteCuMnO2
9 photos of Chloroxiphite associated with ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
4 photos of Chloroxiphite associated with CerussitePbCO3
4 photos of Chloroxiphite associated with CalciteCaCO3
3 photos of Chloroxiphite associated with ParkinsonitePb7MoO9Cl2
1 photo of Chloroxiphite associated with HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.DB.RickturneritePb7O4[Mg(OH)4](OH)Cl3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.DB.05DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4Tet. 4mm : P4mm
3.DB.10PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
3.DB.15BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
3.DB.20CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
3.DB.25BideauxitePb2AgCl3(F,OH)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.DB.35HematophanitePb4Fe3O8(OH,Cl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
3.DB.40AsisitePb7SiO9Cl2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
3.DB.45MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.DB.50YedlinitePb6Cr3+Cl6(O,OH,H2O)8Trig. 3 : R3

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

8.8.2MatlockitePbFClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
8.8.3LaurelitePb7F12Cl2Hex. 6 : P6
8.8.4CotunnitePbCl2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.8.5MendipitePb3Cl2O2Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.8.6DamaraitePb3Cl(OH)O2Orth. mm2 : Pmc21
8.8.7LaurionitePbCl(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.8.8ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.8.9PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
8.8.10FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2OMon. 2/m
8.8.13DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4Tet. 4mm : P4mm
8.8.14PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
8.8.17BideauxitePb2AgCl3(F,OH)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
8.8.18BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
8.8.19AravaipaitePb3AlF9 · H2OTric.
8.8.20YedlinitePb6Cr3+Cl6(O,OH,H2O)8Trig. 3 : R3
8.8.22HematophanitePb4Fe3O8(OH,Cl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Soluble in nitric acid.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ChloroxiphiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Spencer (1923) Mineralogical Magazine: 20: 76.
American Mineralogist (1924): 9: 96.
Palache, C., Berman, H. & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged
Mineralogical Magazine: 41: 357-361.
Slidra, O.I., S.V.Krivivichev, R.W. Turner, & M.S. Rumsey (2008). Chloroxiphite Pb3CuO2(OH)2Cl2: structure refinement and description in terms of oxocentred OPb4 tetrahedra. Mineralogical Magazine 72(3), 793-798(2008)

Internet Links for ChloroxiphiteHide

Localities for ChloroxiphiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Xinjiang
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Yizhou District
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Mansfeld-Südharz
      • Hettstedt
Knoll,H. (2003). Chlorixiphit, Calumetit, Boleit und Kassiterit aus dem Mansfelder Kupferschiefer. (Bem. Eigenfund) Lapis, Jg.28, Nr.11, S.42-43.
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
          • Thorikos area
Laurion The minerals in the ancient slags by Piet Gelaude etc.
  • England
    • Bristol
      • Westbury on Trym
BMS Database
    • Cornwall
      • Crantock
BMS Newsletter 79, March 2010 (
    • Somerset
      • Mendip
        • Cranmore
Symes, R.F. (1977) Datolite and apophyllite from the Mendips. Mineralogical Magazine: 41 (319): 410-411.; Turner, R.W. (2006) A mechanism for the formation of the mineralised Mn deposits at Merehead Quarry, Cranmore, Somerset, England. Mineralogical Magazine: 70 (6): 629-653.; Siidra, O.I., Krivovichev, S.V., Turner, R.W., and Rumsey, M.S.(2008) Chloroxiphite Pb3CuO2(OH)2Cl2 structure refinement and description in terms of oxocentered OPb4 tetrahedra. Mineralogical Magazine: 72: 793-798.; Turner, R.W. and Rumsey, M.S. (2010): Mineral relationships in the Mendip Hills. Journal of the Russell Society: 13: 3-46.;
        • Nunney
BMS Database
        • Priddy
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 83, 85; Mineralogical Magazine (1923): 20, 67-92 (the mineral 75-77); Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"] [MinRec 27:253]
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 57.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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