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Chabournéite

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Formula:
Tl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34
Also given as Tl21-xPb2x(Sb,As)91-xS147 (x = 0-17.5).
Colour:
Black
Lustre:
Greasy, Sub-Metallic
Hardness:
3 - 3½
Specific Gravity:
5.104
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
For Chabournéou Glacier, near the type locality.
Homeotype of protochabournéite.

Sb-dominant analogue of dalnegroite. Compare 'UM1982-10-S:AsSbTl'.

Structurally related to the Sartorite Group.


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Classification of ChabournéiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1976
2.HC.05e

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
C : With only Pb
3.8.12.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
8 : 1 < ø < 2
5.5.20

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
5 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Tl

Physical Properties of ChabournéiteHide

Greasy, Sub-Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Black
Streak:
Red, brown
Hardness:
3 - 3½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN25=78 - 124 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
5.104 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.121 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of ChabournéiteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Strong in bluish and greenish colors
Colour in reflected light:
White
Internal Reflections:
Red
Pleochroism:
Weak

Chemical Properties of ChabournéiteHide

Formula:
Tl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34

Also given as Tl21-xPb2x(Sb,As)91-xS147 (x = 0-17.5).

Crystallography of ChabournéiteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pedial
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 16.346(5) Å, b = 42.602(10) Å, c = 8.543(3) Å
α = 95.86(3)°, β = 86.91(3)°, γ = 96.88(3)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.384 : 1 : 0.201
Unit Cell V:
5,870.17 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
Crystals to 1mm
Comment:
Bonaccorsi et al. (2010) give P-1 and different cell: a 8.150(2), b 8.716(2), c 21.579(4) Å, α 85.18(1)°, β 96.94(1)°, γ 88.60(1)°, V = 1515(1) Å3. This phase apparently later became protochabournéite.

Type Occurrence of ChabournéiteHide

Synonyms of ChabournéiteHide

Other Language Names for ChabournéiteHide

Simplified Chinese:硫砷锑铅铊矿

Relationship of Chabournéite to other SpeciesHide

Structurally related to group(s):
Sartorite GroupA group of chemically and structurally very complex sulphosalts which are impossible to identify visually.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Realgar5 photos of Chabournéite associated with Realgar on mindat.org.
Wakabayashilite4 photos of Chabournéite associated with Wakabayashilite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.HC.05bArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.05bBaumhaueritePb12As16S36Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.05dDufrénoysitePb2As2S5Mon. 2 : P21
2.HC.05aGuettarditePbAsSbS4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.05cLiveingitePb9As13S28Mon.
2.HC.05fParapierrotiteTlSb5S8Mon. m
2.HC.05fPierrotiteTl2(Sb,As)10S16Orth. mm2 : Pna21
2.HC.05dRathiteAg2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.05aSartoritePbAs2S4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HC.05aTwinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4Mon. 2/m
2.HC.05dVeenitePb2(Sb,As)2S5Mon. 2 : P21
2.HC.05gMarumoitePb32As40S92Mon. 2 : P21
2.HC.05eDalnegroite(Tl4Pb2)(As12Sb8)S34Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.10aFülöppitePb3Sb8S15Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.HC.10cHeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.HC.10bPlagionitePb5Sb8S17Mon. 2/m
2.HC.10dRayitePb8(Ag,Tl)2Sb8S21Mon.
2.HC.10dSemseyitePb9Sb8S21Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.HC.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.15FalkmanitePb3Sb2S6Mon.
2.HC.20RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HC.25MoëloitePb6Sb6S14(S3)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 2
2.HC.30DadsonitePb23Sb25S60ClTric. 1 : P1
2.HC.35OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.35ZoubekiteAgPb4Sb4S10Orth.
2.HC.40ParasterryiteAg4Pb20Sb14As10S58Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

3.8.12.2Dalnegroite(Tl4Pb2)(As12Sb8)S34Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.5.1LoránditeTlAsS2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.2EllisiteTl3AsS3Trig. 3m : R3m
5.5.3ImhofiteTl5.8As15.4S26Mon. 2/m
5.5.4SimoniteTlHgAs3S6Mon. 2/m
5.5.6ChristiteTlHgAsS3Mon. 2/m
5.5.6RouthieriteTl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
5.5.7HutchinsoniteTlPbAs5S9Orth.
5.5.8Wallisite(Cu,Ag)TlPbAs2S5Tric.
5.5.9BernarditeTlAs5S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.10VrbaiteHg3Tl4As8Sb2S20Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
5.5.11RebuliteTl5Sb5As8S22Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.12GillulyiteTl2(As,Sb)8S13Mon.
5.5.13WeissbergiteTlSbS2Tric. 1 : P1
5.5.14Rohaite(Tl,Pb,K)2Cu8.7Sb2S4Orth.
5.5.15VaughaniteTlHgSb4S7Tric.
5.5.16ChalcothalliteTl2(Cu,Fe)6SbS4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
5.5.17PierrotiteTl2(Sb,As)10S16Orth. mm2 : Pna21
5.5.18ParapierrotiteTlSb5S8Mon. m
5.5.19CriddleiteTlAg2Au3Sb10S10Mon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ChabournéiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Johan, Z., Mantienne, J., Picot, P. (1981): La chabournéite, un nouveau minéral thallifère. Bulletin de Minéralogie, 104, 10-15 (in French).
American Mineralogist: 64: 242.
Nagl, A. (1979): The crystal structure of a thallium sulfosalt, Tl8Pb4Sb21As19S68. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 150, 85-106.
Bonaccorsi, E., Biagioni, C., Moëlo, Y. & Orlandi, P. (2010): Chabournéite from Monte Arsiccio mine (Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy): occurrence and crystal structure. 20th General Meeting of the IMA (IMA2010), Budapest, Hungary, August 21-27, CD of Abstracts, p. 714.
Biagioni, C., Moëlo, Y., Favreau, G., Bourgoin, V., Boulliard, J.-C. (2015): Crystal structure of Pb-rich chabournéite from Jas Roux, France. Acta Crystallographica, B71, 81-88.

Internet Links for ChabournéiteHide

Localities for ChabournéiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
France (TL)
 
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • La Chapelle-en-Valgaudemar (La Chapelle-en-Valgaudémar)
Mem.Bur.Rech.Geol.Minière,(1977) 90, 1, 115; Bull.Minéral.(1981) 104, 10-15; Johan, Z. & Mantienne, J. (2000): Thallium-rich mineralization at Jas Roux, Hautes-Alpes, France: a complex epithermal, sediment-hosted, ore-forming system. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 45, 63-77.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Abuta-gun
      • Takarada
Shimizu, M., Matsuyama, F. and Shimizu, M. (1999): Hutchinsonite, TlPb(As,Sb)5S9 chabournéite, Tl2Pb(Sb,As)10S17 and unnamed (Tl,Ag)2Pb6(As,Sb)16S31 from the Toya-Takarada mine, Hokkaido, Japan -Tl mineralisation in the Kuroko deposits. Resource Geology, Special Issue no. 20, 31-37.; American Mineralogist, Volume 67, pages 621-624, 1982
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
EDXS P. Roth, 1st November 2015, XRD F. Nestola, 18th October 2016. Coll. P. Roth
Mineral and/or Locality  
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