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Crystal System:
Named for the Changbai Mountain Range, between China and North Korea, which includes the type locality for the mineral.
This page provides mineralogical data about Changbaiite.

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Classification of ChangbaiiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
F : With large (+- medium-sized) cations; dimers and trimers of edgesharing octahedra

3 : AB2O6

18 : Niobates and Tantalates
1 : Niobates and tantalates containing neither rare earths nor U

Physical Properties of ChangbaiiteHide

5½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of ChangbaiiteHide

Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 2.476 nε = 2.485
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.009
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of ChangbaiiteHide


Crystallography of ChangbaiiteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.51 Å, c = 11.55 Å
a:c = 1 : 1.099
Unit Cell V:
1,104.89 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of ChangbaiiteHide

Other Language Names for ChangbaiiteHide


Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.DF.05Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
4.DF.05Aeschynite-(Nd)(Nd,Ln,Ca)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.DF.05Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
4.DF.05Nioboaeschynite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca,Th,Fe)(Nb,Ti,Ta)2(O,OH)6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pban
4.DF.05RynersoniteCaTa2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.DF.05Tantalaeschynite-(Y)Y(Ta,Ti,Nb)2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.DF.15Murataite-(Y)(Y,Na)6Zn(Zn,Fe3+)4(Ti,Nb,Na)12O29(O,F,OH)10F4 Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

18.1.2LueshiteNaNbO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
18.1.4FranconiteNa(Nb2O5)(OH) · 3H2OMon.
18.1.7Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm
18.1.8Hydropyrochlore(H2O,□)2Nb2(O,OH)6(H2O)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
18.1.10RynersoniteCaTa2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
18.1.11Microlite GroupIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
18.1.12BelyankiniteCa1-2(Ti,Nb)5O12 · 9H2O (?)Amor.
18.1.13LatrappiteCa2NbFe3+O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
18.1.14Hochelagaite(Ca,Na,Sr)(Nb,Ti,Si,Al)4O11 · 8H2OMon.
18.1.15Bariomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
18.1.16ParabariomicroliteBaTa4O10(OH)2 · 2H2OTrig.
18.1.17Bariopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6ZIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
18.1.18AlumotantiteAlTaO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
18.1.19SimpsoniteAl4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)Trig. 3 : P3
18.1.22Stannomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
18.1.23FoorditeSn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
18.1.25Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
18.1.26Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
18.1.27StibiocolumbiteSb(Nb,Ta)O4Orth. mm2
18.1.28StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4Orth. mm2
18.1.31Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)
18.1.35Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
18.1.36Tantalite-(Mn)MnTa2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
18.1.37Gerasimovskite(Mn,Ca)(Nb,Ti)5O12 · 9H2O
18.1.38Tapiolite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
18.1.39Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
18.1.42Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
18.1.43Tantalite-(Fe)FeTa2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
18.1.44ColumbiteOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
18.1.46Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
18.1.47Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
18.1.51 Staringite(Fe,Mn)x(Ta,Nb)2xSn6-3xO12

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ChangbaiiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Detachment No. 8, Comprehensive Geological Brigade of Tonghua Region and the Laboratory of Petrology and Mineralogy Laboratory and Jilin Institute of Geological Science (1978): Changbaiite (PbNb2O6), a new mineral of lead and niobium from eastern Kirin, China. Acta Geologica Sinica 52(1), 53-62 (in Chinese with English abstract). - American Mineralogist (1979), 64, 242 (abstract).
Comptes rendu de l’Académie des sciences de Paris 263C, 217-219.

Internet Links for ChangbaiiteHide

Localities for ChangbaiiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
China (TL)
  • Jilin Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Tonghua Prefecture
      • Ji'an Co.
Detachment No. 8, Comprehensive Geological Brigade of Tonghua Region and the Laboratory of Petrology and Mineralogy Laboratory and Jilin Institute of Geological Science (1978): Acta Geologica Sinica 52 (1), 53-62.
  • Texas
    • Hudspeth Co.
Am. Min. 74:865-869 (1989)
O'Neill, L. C. (2014). REE-Be-UF mineralization of the Round Top laccolith, Sierra Blanca Peaks, Trans-Pecos Texas (MS dissertation).
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