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Chapmanite

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About ChapmaniteHide

09654670015079941547059.jpg
John E. Chapman
Formula:
Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
"1:1" layer silicate where the Fe2(Si2O5)O3(OH) part of the formula is analogous in structure to kaolinite, Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4, but additional Sb3+ is in pyramidal coordinate over the "holes" in the Fe layer.
Colour:
Olive green to deep yellow
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.69 - 3.75
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in honour of John Edward Chapman (22 February 1821, Kent, England - 28 January 1904, London, England), civil engineer and professor of mineralogy and geology, University of Toronto, Canada.
Isostructural with:
The antimony analogue of Bismutoferrite with which it is easily confused.

Compare UM1978-09-O:CuHPbSbSi.


Classification of ChapmaniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:
1924
9.ED.25

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
D : Phyllosilicates with kaolinite layers composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets
71.1.3.2

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
1 : Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
17.7.20

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
7 : Silicates with vanadate, arsenate or antimonate

Physical Properties of ChapmaniteHide

Transparency:
Transparent
Comment:
Non metallic
Colour:
Olive green to deep yellow
Streak:
Greenish yellow to deep yellow
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Comment:
When compact
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
Comment:
When compact
Density:
3.69 - 3.75 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.29 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of ChapmaniteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.850 nβ = 1.950 nγ = 1.960
2V:
Calculated: 32°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.110
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of ChapmaniteHide

Formula:
Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)

"1:1" layer silicate where the Fe2(Si2O5)O3(OH) part of the formula is analogous in structure to kaolinite, Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4, but additional Sb3+ is in pyramidal coordinate over the "holes" in the Fe layer.
IMA Formula:
Fe3+2Sb3+(SiO4)2(OH)
Common Impurities:
Al

Crystallography of ChapmaniteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
m - Domatic
Space Group:
Bm
Setting:
Cm
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.19 Å, b = 8.99 Å, c = 7.70 Å
β = 100.4°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.577 : 1 : 0.857
Unit Cell V:
353.37 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Crystals lath shaped, powdery, compact, massive

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0015317ChapmaniteBallirano P, Maras A, Marchetti F, Merlino S, Perchiazzi N (1998) Rietveld refinement of chapmanite SbFe2Si2O8OH, a TO dioctahderal kaolinite-like mineral Powder Diffraction 13 44-491998Tafone mine, Tucsany, Italy0293
0015577ChapmaniteZhukhlistov A P, Zvyagin B B (1977) Determination of the crystal structures of chapmanite and bismuthoferrite by high-voltage electron diffraction Soviet Physics Crystallography 22 419-4231977Smilokov, Czechoslovakia0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of ChapmaniteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
ROM and Harvard
Reference:
Walker, T.L. (1924) Chapmanite, a new hydrous ferrous silica-antimonate from South Lorrain, Ontario. Contributions to Canadian Mineralogy, University of Toronto, Geology Series: 17: 5-8.

Synonyms of ChapmaniteHide

Other Language Names for ChapmaniteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
2 photos of Chapmanite associated with QuartzSiO2
2 photos of Chapmanite associated with StibniteSb2S3
1 photo of Chapmanite associated with MarcasiteFeS2
1 photo of Chapmanite associated with WoodruffiteZn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMn3+x)O2 · yH2O
1 photo of Chapmanite associated with SilverAg

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.ED.ClinochrysotileMon. 2/m
9.ED.05DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
9.ED.05KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.ED.05NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
9.ED.05Odinite(Fe,Mg,Al,Fe,Ti,Mn)2.4((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
9.ED.10HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
9.ED.10HisingeriteFe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2OMon.
9.ED.10Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
9.ED.15AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.ED.15AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
9.ED.15Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
9.ED.15Brindleyite(Ni,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15CaryopiliteMn2+3Si2O5(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15CronstedtiteFe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4Trig. 3m : P3 1m
9.ED.15Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15KellyiteMn2+2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Hex. 6 : P63
9.ED.15LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Trig. 3m : P3 1m
9.ED.15ManandoniteLi2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8Orth.
9.ED.15Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4Orth.
9.ED.15PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4Hex. 6 : P63
9.ED.20Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2OAmor.
9.ED.20ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1Orth.
9.ED.20ImogoliteAl2SiO3(OH)4
9.ED.20Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2OAmor.
9.ED.25BismutoferriteFe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)Mon. m : Bm

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

71.1.3.1BismutoferriteFe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)Mon. m : Bm

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.7.1SuzukiiteBaVSi2O7Orth.
17.7.2FranciscaniteMn2+6(V5+,◻)2(SiO4)2(O,OH)6Hex.
17.7.3Kurumsakite(Zn,Ni,Cu)8Al8V5+2Si5O35 · 27H2O (?)Orth.
17.7.4Ardennite-(As)Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.7.5MedaiteMn2+6V5+Si5O18(OH)Mon.
17.7.6JohninnesiteNa2Mn2+9Mg7(OH)8[AsO4]2[Si6O17]2Tric.
17.7.7TiragalloiteMn2+4As5+Si3O12(OH)Mon. 2/m
17.7.8DixeniteCuMn2+14Fe2+(SiO4)2(As5+O4)(As3+O3)5(OH)6Trig.
17.7.9AsbecasiteCa3(Ti,Sn4+)Be2(AsO3)6(SiO4)2Trig. 3m : P3c1
17.7.10McgoverniteMn19Zn3(AsO4)3(AsO3)(SiO4)3(OH)21Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
17.7.11KraissliteZn3(Mn,Mg)25(Fe3+,Al)(As3+O3)2[(Si,As5+)O4]10(OH)16Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
17.7.12SchalleriteMn2+16As3Si12O36(OH)17Trig. 3m : P3m1
17.7.13Nelenite(Mn,Fe)16(Si12O30)(OH)14[As3+3O6(OH)3]Mon.
17.7.14KoliciteMn2+7Zn4(AsO4)2(SiO4)2(OH)8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
17.7.15YeatmaniteZn6Mn2+9Sb5+2(SiO4)4O12Tric.
17.7.16WelshiteCa4Mg9Sb3O4[Si6Be3AlFe2O36]Tric. 1 : P1
17.7.17Katoptrite(Mn2+,Mg)13(Al,Fe3+)4Sb5+2(SiO4)2O20Mon. 2/m : B2/m
17.7.18ParweliteMn10Sb2As2Si2O24Mon. m : Bb
17.7.19LångbaniteMn2+4Mn3+9Sb5+O16(SiO4)2Trig. 3m : P3m1
17.7.21Cervandonite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti,Al)3O2(Si2O7)(As3+O3)(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ChapmaniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Walker, T.L. (1924) Chapmanite, a new hydrous ferrous silica-antimonate from South Lorrain, Ontario. Contributions to Canadian Mineralogy, University of Toronto, Geology Series: 17: 5-8.
Foshag, W.F. (1925) New minerals: new species. American Mineralogist: 10: 39-41.
Milton, C., Axelrod, J.M., Ingram, B. (1958) Bismutoferrite, chapmanite, and "hypochlorite". American Mineralogist: 43: 656-670.
Fleischer, M. (1958) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 43: 623-626.
Fleischer, M. (1959) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 44: 464-470.
Cech, F., Povondra, P. (1963) Study of chapmanite from Smilkov, near Votice (Bohemia, Czechoslovakia). Acta Universitatis Carolinae - Geologica: 2: 97-114. (in Czech with English abstract)
Cech, F., Mandarino, J.A., Fleischer, M., Hildebrand, F.A. (1964) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 49: 1497-1502.
Sobotka, J. (1965) Die Identitat des Hoeferits mit dem Chapmanit under der Chapmanit aus Bonenov. Acta Carolinae, Geologica: 2: 129-140.
Fleischer, M. (1965) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 50: 2096-2111.
International Mineralogical Association (1968) International Mineralogical Association: Commission on new minerals and mineral names. Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 1143-1145.
Zhukhlistov, A.P., Zvyagin, B.B. (1977) Determination of the crystal structures of chapmanite and bismutoferrite by high-voltage electron diffraction. Kristallografiya: 22: 731-738. (in Russian). in English: Soviet Physics and Crystallography: 22: 419-423.
Ballirano, P., Maras, A., Marchetti, F., Merlino, S., Perchiazzi, N. (1998) Rietveld refinement of chapmanite SbFe2Si2O8OH, a TO dioctahedral kaolinite-like mineral. Powder Diffraction: 13: 44-49.

Internet Links for ChapmaniteHide

Localities for ChapmaniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Dudley Co.
Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
    • Sandon Co.
      • Metz
Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
        • Cobalt area
          • Coleman Township
Cataloque of Canadian Minerals, 1980, R.J.Trail, GSC Paper 80-18, pg102.
        • South Lorrain Township
WALKER, T.L. (1924): Chapmanite, a new hydrous ferrous silica-antimonate from South Lorrain, Ontario. Contributions to Canadian Mineralogy, University of Toronto, Geology Series 17, 5-8. ZHUKHLISTOV, A.P. & ZVYAGIN, B.B. (1977): Determination of the crystal structures of chapmanite and bismutoferrite by high-voltage electron diffraction. Kristallografiya 22, 731-738. (in Russian). in English: Soviet Physics and Crystallography 22, 419-423.
Ann P. Sabina (1974) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector: Cobalt-Belleferre-Timmins; Ontario and Quebec. Canadian Geological Survey Paper 73-13
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Benešov District
      • Votice (Wotitz)
Duda, Rejl, Slivka: "Mineralien", 1991; Cech, F., & Povondra, P. (1963). Study of Chapmanite from Smilkov, near Votice (Bohemia, Czechoslovakia). Acta Univ. Carolinae, Geol, 2, 97-114.
    • Kutná Hora District
      • Zruč nad Sázavou
Žáček, V.: Chapmanit z Vlastějovic. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1997, roč. 4-5, s. 227.
    • Příbram District
      • Vrančice
[Lapis 1995, 12, p.13-24]
    • Rakovník District
      • Rakovník
        • Chříč
Veselovský, F. et al. (2019): Mineralogy of stibnite deposit at Chříč near Rakovník (Czech Republic). 9th European Conference on Mineralogy and Spectroscopy, ECMS2019, Prague, Czech Republic, September 11-13, Book of Abstracts, https://www.ecms2019.eu/sites/default/files/Abstract%20book%20ECMS2019%20web.pdf.
  • Plzeň Region
    • Plzeň-North District
Ackerman, L., Veselovský, F., PAšava, J., Kadlec, T., & Malíková, R. (2019) Mineralogie antimonitového ložiska Chříč u Rakovníka (Česká republika). Bull Mineral Petrolog 27(1): 148-166
    • Tachov District
      • Chodová Planá
Roman Gramblicka collection
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • Brioude
        • Lubilhac
Michel Blondieau collection
        • Mercœur
          • Chazelles-Haut (Chazelle)
J.-J. Périchaud: Les Minéraux d'Auvergne, Vol. 2, Clermont-Ferrand (1986); Périchaud, J. J., & Pierrot, R. (1965). La chapmanite de la Bessade (Haute-Loire). Bulletin de Minéralogie, 88(2), 294-299.
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Colmar-Ribeauvillé
        • Stosswihr
FLUCK, P. & STEIN, S. (1992): Espèces minérales des principaux districts miniers du massif vosgien. - Pierres et Terre 35, December 1992, 120 pp.
    • Vosges
      • Épinal
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
  • Occitanie
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Céret
        • Oms
Pigetvieux, G. (1981): Etude géologique et métallogénique des Aspres (Pyrénées-Orientales), Thèse Faculté des Sciences Université de Franche-Comté, Besançon, 279 p.
Germany
 
  • Saxony
    • Mittelsachsen
      • Niederwiesa
        • Bräunsdorf
C.M. Kersten (1844) Jahrbuch für den Berg- und Hüttenmann, 59-61; A. Frenzel (1874): Mineralogisches Lexicon für das Königreich Sachsen (as Antimon-Hypochlorit)
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Manciano
    • Lucca Province
      • Stazzema
        • Ponte Stazzemese
Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
    • Siena Province
      • Chiusdino
Menchetti, S., Batoni, M., Batacchi, C., Borselli, G., Brogi, A., Ceccantini, L., Fassina, B., Marchesini, M., Rossellini, A. & Ruggieri, G. (2015): Le Cetine di Cotorniano. Miniera e minerali. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 354 p.
Japan
 
  • Kagoshima Prefecture
    • Hioki City
      • Fukiage
Ohe Rikosha specimens; Alfredo Petrov collection.
    • Suzuyama mining district
Handbook of Mineralogy
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Osh Region
[Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Mexico
 
  • Durango
    • Cuencamé Municipality
Bideaux, Handbook of Mineralogy
    • Durango Municipality
Peter Megaw collector, Marcus Origlieri analysis, December 2014
Portugal
 
  • Beja
    • Beja
      • Nossa Senhora das Neves
MUHNAC, Lisbon (António Bello mineral collection) former Harvard
Slovakia
 
  • Bratislava Region
    • Pezinok District
      • Pezinok
Polák S., 1983: Chapmanit z Pezinka. Mineralia Slovaca, 15, 565-566. (in Slovak) Polák S., 1988: Ešte raz o chapmanite z Pezinka. Mineralia Slovaca, 20, 475-476. (in Slovak)
Polák S., 1983: Chapmanit z Pezinka. Miner. Slov., 15, 565-566.
South Africa
 
  • Mpumalanga
    • Nkangala District
      • Delmas
        • Argent
Sabine MC. Verryn & Paul MPB Meulenbe(e)ld (2000) A new locality for Chapmanite (Sb(OH)Fe2(SiO4)2) at a lead-silver-zinc deposit near Argent Station, Mpumalanga, South Africa. N. Jb. Miner. Mh. 2000(2):85-90. Stuttgart.
Spain
 
  • Asturias
    • Belmonte de Miranda
Mesa, M., Calvo, M. & Viñals,(2002). El Valle - Boinás, un proyecto moderno con m inerales de excepción. Bocamina, 9, 40-85.
    • Salas
      • Carlés
Calvo, M. & Viñals, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
USA
 
  • Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Opalite Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Candelaria Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
 
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