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Corundum

This page kindly sponsored by Norman King
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About CorundumHide

Formula:
Al2O3
As a Commodity:
Colour:
Colourless, blue, red, pink, yellow, grey, golden-brown
Lustre:
Adamantine, Vitreous, Pearly
Hardness:
9
Specific Gravity:
3.98 - 4.1
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Member of:
Name:
Named "corinvindum" in 1725 by John Woodward and derived from the Sanskrit, kuruvinda ("Ruby"). Richard Kirwan used the current spelling "corundum" in 1794. Known by many names in ancient times: adamant, sapphire, ruby, hyacinthos, asteria, etc.
The aluminum analogue of Eskolaite, Hematite, and Karelianite.
The red (Cr-bearing) gem variety is called Ruby.
The blue (Fe- and Ti-bearing) gem variety is called Sapphire.

Compare 'silicon spinel', that might possibly be similar to the gamma form of Al2O3.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Corundum.


Classification of CorundumHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.CB.05

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
C : Metal: Oxygen = 2: 3,3: 5, and similar
B : With medium-sized cations
Dana 7th ed.:
4.3.1.1
4.3.1.1

4 : SIMPLE OXIDES
3 : A2X3
7.6.1

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
6 : Oxides of Al

Pronounciation of CorundumHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of CorundumHide

Adamantine, Vitreous, Pearly
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
Colourless, blue, red, pink, yellow, grey, golden-brown
Streak:
White
Hardness:
Hardness Data:
Mohs hardness reference species
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Parting:
Rhombohedral and basal parting {0001}, sometimes perfect but interrupted; also on {1011} due to exsolution (Boehmite), observed on large blocks (Georgia, USA).
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
Density:
3.98 - 4.1 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.997 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of CorundumHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.767 - 1.772 nε = 1.759 - 1.763
2V:
Measured: 58°
Birefringence:
Low, first-order greys and whites.
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.008 - 0.009
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Colour in reflected light:
Colourless
Pleochroism:
Not Visible
Comments:
Weak in sapphire (e = blue-green to yellow-green, o = pale to deep blue), otherwise none visible.
Comments:
Asterism often present due to oriented needle-like inclusions or to colloidal or other material deposited in oriented tubules.

Chemical Properties of CorundumHide

Formula:
Al2O3
Common Impurities:
Cr,Fe,V,Ti

Crystallography of CorundumHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:
R3c
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.75 Å, c = 12.982 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.733
Unit Cell V:
253.54 ų
Z:
6
Morphology:
Often steep pyramidal on w, z, E, or ω. Barrel-shaped crystals that are often rough and rounded, of considerable size at times, varying from short prismatic [0001] with a large base to steep pyramidal. Less commonly, flat tabular {0001} or rhombohedral. Striae on {0001} parallel [011¯0]. Lines in the direction [112¯0] divide the base into six sectors at times.
Twinning:
1. Common {1011}; usually lamellar, producing a lamellar structure and striae on c and r. Less commonly penetration twins or arrowhead twins with crystals tabular {1120}. 2. On {0001}, less common. Pressure twinning produced on {1011}, and on {0001}.

Crystallographic forms of CorundumHide

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Corundum no.17 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Corundum no.34 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

Toggle
Edge Lines | Miller Indices | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.48 (70)
2.551 (97)
2.379 (42)
2.085 (100)
1.7398 (42)
1.6014 (82)
1.3738 (45)

Synonyms of CorundumHide

Other Language Names for CorundumHide

Varieties of CorundumHide

Adamantine SparA silky brown variety of corundum.
AlundumAn artificial Corundum used as an abrasive.
Asteriated SapphireA variety of Sapphire exhibiting the property of asterism.
BarklyiteA magenta-coloured variety of ruby (Corundum).
Originally reported from Victoria, Australia.
Blue AlexandriteA trade name for blue/violet sapphire
Cat SapphireOriental sapphires of some value but not of the characteristic colour.
ChlorosaphirA deep green variety of Corundum from Drachenfels, Königswinter, Siebengebirge, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Chromian CorundumAn unnecessary name for a Cr-bearing corundum. Note that much corundum contains traces of Cr. Red, Cr-bearing corundum is ruby.
Ledo frozen fireA Fe Ti rich blue gem variety of Corundum
Oriental AmethystA purple gem variety of Corundum.
Oriental EmeraldA green gem variety of Corundum.
Oriental TopazA yellow gem variety of Corundum.
PadmaragayaA trade name for a yellow gem variety of Corundum.
PadparadschaA salmon-pink coloured gem sapphire.

It is GIA's opinion that this color range should be limited to light to medium tones of pinlzish orange to orange-pinlz hues. Lacking delicacy, the dark brownish orange or even medium brownish orange tones of corun...
RubyA red, gem variety of corundum. The red colour is caused by minor amounts of trivalent Cr replacing Al in the crystal structure.

In traditional gemmological terms, ruby has to be blood-red and of clear, facetable quality to justify the name, however in...
SapphireMost commonly refers to a blue gem variety of Corundum, but other coloured varieties of Corundum are also described as Sapphire, except red Corundum, which is better known as Ruby.
Star CorundumA variety of corundum exhibiting a star pattern when viewed down the C axis. The chatoyance is due to oriented microscopic inclusions.
Star RubyA variety of ruby exhibiting a star pattern when viewed down the c axis. The chatoyance is due to oriented microscopic inclusions (nanorods) of diaspore (Nadin, 2007).
Star SapphireA variety of sapphire that exhibits a star pattern when viewed down the c axis. The chatoyance is due to oriented microscopic inclusions (nanorods) of diaspore (Nadin, 2007).

The Star of India is the largest star sapphire in the world (563 carats or 11...
Titanian Corundum
Trapiche rubyVariety showing six-spoked growth features.
Compare trapiche emerald.

Relationship of Corundum to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
EskolaiteCr2O3Trig.
HematiteFe2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
KarelianiteV3+2O3Trig.
TistariteTi3+2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Biotite53 photos of Corundum associated with Biotite on mindat.org.
Rutile26 photos of Corundum associated with Rutile on mindat.org.
Kyanite24 photos of Corundum associated with Kyanite on mindat.org.
Phlogopite18 photos of Corundum associated with Phlogopite on mindat.org.
Muscovite18 photos of Corundum associated with Muscovite on mindat.org.
Sapphire14 photos of Corundum associated with Sapphire on mindat.org.
Feldspar Group14 photos of Corundum associated with Feldspar Group on mindat.org.
Hematite13 photos of Corundum associated with Hematite on mindat.org.
Calcite12 photos of Corundum associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Spinel11 photos of Corundum associated with Spinel on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.CB.05BrizziiteNaSb5+O3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05EskolaiteCr2O3Trig.
4.CB.05GeikieliteMgTiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05HematiteFe2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
4.CB.05IlmeniteFe2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05KarelianiteV3+2O3Trig.
4.CB.05MelanostibiteMn2+(Sb5+,Fe3+)O3Trig.
4.CB.05PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05Akimotoite(Mg,Fe2+)SiO3Trig.
4.CB.05Unnamed (Auroantimonate)AuSbO3
4.CB.05UM1998-11-O-AuHSbAu+2Sb3+O2(OH)
4.CB.05TistariteTi3+2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
4.CB.10AvicenniteTl2O3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Ia3
4.CB.10BixbyiteMn3+2O3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Ia3
4.CB.15Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.CB.15PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.CB.20Zincohögbomite-2N2S[(Zn,Al,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+,Ti)8O15(OH)]2Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.20Zincohögbomite-2N6S[(Zn,Mg)7(Al,Fe3+,Ti)16O31(OH)]2Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-6N6S[(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-2N2S[(Mg,Fe2+)3[Al7(Ti,Fe3+)]O15(OH)]2Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.20Ferrohögbomite-6N12S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn)5(Al,Ti,Fe3+)12O23(OH)]6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.CB.25PseudorutileFe2Ti3O9Hex.
4.CB.25KleberiteFeTi6O11(OH)5Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.CB.30BerdesinskiiteV3+2TiO5Mon.
4.CB.30OxyvaniteV3+2V4+O5Mon. 2/m : B2/b
4.CB.35Olkhonskite(Cr,V)2Ti3O9Mon.
4.CB.35SchreyeriteV3+2Ti3O9Mon.
4.CB.40KamiokiteFe2Mo3O8Hex.
4.CB.40Nolanite(V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2Hex.
4.CB.40RinmaniteZn2Sb2Mg2Fe4O14(OH)2Hex. 6 : P63
4.CB.40IseiteMn2Mo3O8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.40MajindeiteMg2Mo3O8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.45ClaudetiteAs2O3Mon. 2/m
4.CB.45StibioclaudetiteAsSbO3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
4.CB.50ArsenoliteAs2O3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.CB.50SenarmontiteSb2O3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.CB.55ValentiniteSb2O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pccn
4.CB.60BismiteBi2O3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.CB.65SphaerobismoiteBi2O3Tet.
4.CB.70SilléniteBi12SiO20Iso. 2 3 : I2 3
4.CB.75KyzylkumiteV3+Ti2O5(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.CB.80TietaiyangiteFe3+4Fe2+TiO9Hex.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

4.3.1.2HematiteFe2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
4.3.1.3EskolaiteCr2O3Trig.
4.3.1.4KarelianiteV3+2O3Trig.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.6.2BöhmiteAlO(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.6.2DiasporeAlO(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.6.4GibbsiteAl(OH)3Mon. 2/m
7.6.5BayeriteAl(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
7.6.6NordstranditeAl(OH)3Tric. 1 : P1
7.6.7DoyleiteAl(OH)3Tric.
7.6.8Akdalaite5Al2O3 · H2OHex.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
None.
Industrial Uses:
Corundum is used as an abrasive ("Emery"), and the gem varieties of corundum are better-known as Ruby and Sapphire.

Corundum in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for CorundumHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Haüy (1805): Ann. Phys.: 20: 187.
Lucas (1806): 1: 257.
Edmond Frémy (1891): Synthèse du rubis. Vve. Ch. Dunod, France. [https://archive.org/details/SyntheseDuRubis]
Judd (1895), Mineralogical Magazine: 11: 49.
Goldschmidt and Schroeder (1910), Min. Mitt.: 29: 461.
Spencer (1927) Mineralogical Magazine: 21: 329.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 520-527.
Anastasiou, P. and Seifert, F. (1972) Solid solubility of Al2O3 in enstatite at high temperatures and 1-5 kb water pressure. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 34: 272-287.
Arima, M. and Onuma, K. (1977) The solubility of alumina in enstatite and the phase equilibria in the join MgSiO3-MgAl2SiO6 at 10-25 kbar. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 61: 251-265.
Franzini M., Troysi M., Cecchini A.(1986): La microdurezza del corindone. Atti Soc. Sc. Nat. Mem. Serie A, 93, 87-100.
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 117: 233-237.
Sutherland, F.L., Hoskin, P.W.O., Fanning, C.M., and Coenraads, R.R. (1998) Models of corundum origin from alkali basaltic terrains: a reappraisal. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 133: 356-372.

Internet Links for CorundumHide

Localities for CorundumHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Afghanistan
 
  • Badakhshan Province (Badakshan Province; Badahsan Province)
    • Khash & Kuran Wa Munjan Districts
Iftikhan of University of Peshewar geology department (dealer at Tucson, 2013)
Moore, T.P.,Woodside, R.M.W. (2014): The Sar-e-Sang Lapis Mines, Kuran Wa Munjan district, Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record 45 (3), 280-336.
        • Sar-e Sang (Sar Sang; Sary Sang)
Deer, Howie and Zussman (1978) Rock-forming Minerals, Vol. 2A, Single-Chain Silicates. (2nd ed.)
    • Shighnan District
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
  • Kabol Province (Kabul Province)
    • Surobi District (Sorobi District)
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Algeria
 
  • Béjaïa Province
van Bergen, M.J. (1980): Grandidierite from aluminous metasedimentary xenoliths within acid volcanics, a first record in Italy. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 651-658
  • Tamanghasset Province
Gao, X., Amari, S., Messenger, S., Nittler, L. R., Swan, P. D. & Walker, R. M. (1996). Survey of circumstellar grains in the unique circumstellar carbonaceous chondrite Acfer 094. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 31(S4), p. A48. (July 1996).; Greshake, A., Bischoff, A. & Putnis, A. (1996). Pure CaO, MgO (Periclase), TiO2 (Rutile), and Al2O3 (Corundum) in Ca,Al-rich Inclusions from Carbonaceous Chondrites. Lunar and Planetary Science, vol. 27, p. 463. (March 1996).; Anorthite, Augite, Corundum, Diopside, Forsterite, Grossite, Hibonite, Melilite, Olivine, Perovskite, Pigeonite, Plagioclase, Pyroxene, Spinel ; Krot, A. N., Fagan, T. J., Keil, K., McKeegan, K. D., Sahijpal, S., Hutcheon, I. D., Petaev, M. I. & Yurimoto, H. (2004). Ca,Al-rich inclusions, amoeboid olivine aggregates, and Al-rich chondrules from the unique carbonaceous chondrite Acfer 094: I. mineralogy and petrology. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 68 (9), 2167-2184. (May 2004).
Antarctica
AmMin 36:361-367
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Enderby Land
      • Edward VIII Bay
Journal of Petrology, 2004, 45 (7), pp. 1481-1512.
      • Napier Complex
        • Tula Mts
Grew, E. (1982): Osumilite in the Sapphirine-Quartz terrane of Enderby Land, Antarctica:…., American Mineralogist, Vol. 67, pp. 762-787
    • Princess Elizabeth Land
      • Ingrid Christensen Coast
        • Prydz Bay
Can Min 41, (2), 2003, 393-411
Edward S. Grew, et al (2007) European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 29-245
    • Queen Maud Land
Yu Sun, Yoshikuni Hiroi (2011) Micro-corona texture of kyanite from Cape Hinode, East Antarctica. Abstracts for Annual Meeting of Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences 2011. Session ID:R1-P32
      • Lützow-Holm Bay
Kawakami, T., Grew, E. S., Motoyoshi, Y., Shearer, C. K., Ikeda, T., Burger, P. V., & Kusachi, I. (2008). Kornerupine sensu stricto associated with mafic and ultramafic rocks in the Lützow-Holm Complex at Akarui Point, East Antarctica: what is the source of boron?. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 308(1), 351-375.; Yuki Mori, Takeshi Ikeda (2017) Formation of Corona around Corundum from Akarui Point in the Lützow-Holm Complex, East Antarctica: Controlling factor and P-T slope of reaction. JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017 - SMP42-P02
        • East Ongul Island
          • Showa Station (Syowa Station)
Yoshikuni Hiroi, et al (2009) JAKOKA: 2009 Annual Meeting of the Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences, S1-15.
      • Queen Fabiola Mts (Yamato Mts)
Yurimoto, H., Rubin, A. E., Itoh, S. & Wasson, J. T. (2001) Non-Stoichiometric Al-rich Spinel in an Ultra-Refractory Inclusion from CO Chondrite (abstract): Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXXII, abstract #1557. (Mar 2001).
Toshiaki Shimura, Junji Akai, Biljana Lazic, Thomas Armbruster, Masaaki Shimizu, Atsushi Kamei, Kazuhiro Tsukada, Masaaki Owada and Masaki Yuhara (2012) Magnesiohoegbomite-2N4S; a new polysome from the central Sor Rondane Mountains, East Antarctica American Mineralogist, 97(2-3):268-280
    • Transantarctic Mts
      • Buckley Island quadrangle
        • Lewis Cliff
Goodrich, C. A., & Harlow, G. E. (2001). Knorringite-uvarovite garnet and Cr-Eskola pyroxene in ureilite LEW 88774. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 36, 68.
      • Scott Glacier
Burt, D.M.; Stump, E. (1983) Mineralogical investigation of andalusite-rich pegmatites from Szabo Bluff, Scott Glacier area. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 18(5), 49-52. p. 49-52
    • Victoria Land
      • Allan Hills
Needham, A. W. & Messenger, S. (2103) Corundum-Hibonite Inclusions and the Environments of High Temperature Processing in the Early Solar System: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLIV. LPI Contribution No. 1719, p.2929. (March 2013)
  • Western Antarctica
    • Antarctic Peninsula
      • South Shetland Islands
        • King George Island
Geological Magazine; March 2002; v. 139; no. 2; p. 209-231
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca
    • Andalgalá Department
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Córdoba
    • Calamuchita Department
O. Rabbia, L. Hernández, A. Demichelis y J. Coniglio (1993). Mineralogia de cromitas y óxidos asociados de las serpentinitas del extremo sur de las sierras de Córdoba. 12° Congreso Geológico Argentino y 2do Congreso de Exploración de Hidrocarburos, 5: 73-81.
  • Jujuy
    • Rinconada Department
Zappettini, E. O. (1999). Zafiros aluvionales de la Puna, Jujuy. Recursos minerales de la República Argentina. Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales. SEGEMAR, Anales 35: 1847-1849, Buenos Airs, Argentina.
  • Neuquén
    • Minas department
      • Varvarco
Eduardo O. Zappettini and Marcelo Dalponte (2009) Hallazgo de hierro bandeado en el basamento del sector noroccidental de la Cordillera del Viento, provincia del Neuquén: aspectos estratigráficos y metalogenéticos. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. vol.64 no.3 Buenos Aires Apr./June 2009
  • San Luis
    • Sierra de Comechingones
Gunnar Färber analyses
Peña, Hugo A. (1970): Minerales y rocas de aplicación de la Provincia de Tucumán. Dirección Provincial de Minas. Tucumán. República Argentina.; Hugo A. Peña (1970): Minerales y rocas de aplicación de la Provincia de Tucumán. Secretaría de Estado de Comercio, Industria y Minería. Dirección Provincial de Minas. Tucumán. República Argentina.
    • Graneros Department
Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry´s collection.
    • Simoca Department
Raúl J. Tauber Larry (2013).
Carlos Díaz (1920): Yacimientos mineros de la Provincia de Tucumán. Informe del departamento de investigaciones industriales de la Universidad Nacional de Tucumán.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Arrawatta Co.
      • Bukkulla
Brown R.E., Brownlow J.W. and Stroud W.J. (1997) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Inverell Metallogenic Map (SH/56-5). Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
      • Frazers Creek
Brown R.E., Brownlow J.W. and Stroud W.J. (1997) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Inverell Metallogenic Map (SH/56-5). Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
      • Nullamanna
R.E Brown and W.J Stroud, Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, 1997.
Brown R.E., Brownlow J.W. and Stroud W.J. (1997) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Inverell Metallogenic Map (SH/56-5). Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Brown R.E., Brownlow J.W. and Stroud W.J. (1997) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Inverell Metallogenic Map (SH/56-5). Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
      • Sapphire
R.E Brown and W.J Stroud, Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, 1997.
    • Buller Co.
      • Wilsons Downfall
Warwick – Tweed Heads Exploration Data Package Vol. 2, Mineral occurrence data sheets, occurrence lists and mineral occurrence maps: R.E. Brown, H.F. Henley and W.J. Stroud, December, 2001. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Warwick–Tweed Heads Exploration Data Package Vol. 2, Mineral occurrence data sheets, occurrence lists and mineral occurrence maps: R.E. Brown, H.F. Henley and W.J. Stroud, December, 2001. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Warwick–Tweed Heads Exploration Data Package Vol. 2, Mineral occurrence data sheets, occurrence lists and mineral occurrence maps: R.E. Brown, H.F. Henley and W.J. Stroud, December, 2001. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Warwick–Tweed Heads Exploration Data Package Vol. 2, Mineral occurrence data sheets, occurrence lists and mineral occurrence maps: R.E. Brown, H.F. Henley and W.J. Stroud, December, 2001. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
R.E. Brown, H.F. Henley and W.J. Stroud: Warwick–Tweed Heads Exploration Data Package Vol. 2, Mineral occurrence data sheets, occurrence lists and mineral occurrence maps, December, 2001. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales (GS2001/087).
    • Clarke Co.
Dana's System of Mineralogy, 7th ed., Vol. 1, 127.
Brownlow J.W., Cameron R.G., Gilligan L.B. and Henley H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour Metallogenic Map (SH/56-10, SH/56-11). Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales (GS 1992/393).
Brownlow J.W., Cameron R.G., Gilligan L.B. and Henley H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour Metallogenic Map (SH/56-10, SH/56-11). Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales (GS 1992/393).
      • Kookabookra district
Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Gilligan, L.B. and Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour Metallogenic Map (SH/56-10, SH/56-11). Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales (GS 1992/393).
      • Mt Mitchell
Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Gilligan, L.B. and Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour Metallogenic Map (SH/56-10, SH/56-11). Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales (GS 1992/393).
      • Oban
Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Gilligan, L.B. and Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour Metallogenic Map (SH/56-10, SH/56-11). Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales (GS 1992/393).
Dana's System of Mineralogy, 7th ed., Vol. 1, 127.
      • Round Mountain
Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
      • Yooroonah
Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Gilligan, L.B. and Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour Metallogenic Map (SH/56-10, SH/56-11). Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales (GS 1992/393).
    • Clive Co.
      • Binghi
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
H.F. Henley et al. Grafton-MacLean 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map and Mineral Deposit Data sheets, 2001
      • Gibraltar Range National Park
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
      • Glen Elgin
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
      • Silent Grove
H.F. Henley et al. Grafton-MacLean 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map and Mineral Deposit Data sheets, 2001
      • Tenterfield
R.E. Brown, H.F. Henley and W.J. Stroud: Warwick–Tweed Heads Exploration Data Package Vol. 2, Mineral occurrence data sheets, occurrence lists and mineral occurrence maps, December, 2001. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales (GS2001/087).
      • Torrington
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
    • Fitzroy Co.
Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
    • Gloucester Co.
      • Barrington Tops
    • Gough Co.
      • Apple Tree Gully
Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W. and Stroud, W.J. (1997) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Inverell Metallogenic Map (SH/56-5). Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
      • Bald Nob
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
      • Dundee
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
      • Elsmore
Brown, R.E., and Stroud, W.J. (1997) Inverell 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-5: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 576pp.
      • Emmaville (Vegetable Creek)
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Department of Mineral Resources, Sydney, 1995: Sapphires in New South Wales (booklet).; Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
      • Glencoe
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Australian Journal of Mineralogy (4) 116,117 (1998)
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
      • Paradise Creek
R.E Brown and W.J Stroud, Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, 1997.
      • Stannifer
R.E Brown and W.J Stroud, Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, 1997.
      • Strathbogie
Brown R.E., Brownlow J.W. and Stroud W.J. (1997) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Inverell Metallogenic Map (SH/56-5). Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
      • Swan Brook
R.E Brown and W.J Stroud, Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, 1997.
      • Torrington district
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
      • Wellingrove
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
    • Hardinge Co.
Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 319 pages.
Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 319 pages.
Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 319 pages.
Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 319 pages.
Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 319 pages.
      • Tingha
Brown, R.E., Stroud, W.J. (1997) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Inverell 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-5. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 576 pages.
Brown, R.E., Stroud, W.J. (1997) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Inverell 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-5. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 576 pages.
      • Wandsworth
Gilligan L.B., Brownlow J.W., Cameron R.G., Henley H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages. (GS 1992/393).
Gilligan L.B., Brownlow J.W., Cameron R.G., Henley H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages. (GS 1992/393).
      • Yarrowyck
Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 319 pages.
    • Hume Co.
      • Corowa
Wagga Wagga Mine Data Sheets, 1982
    • Inglis Co.
      • Watsons Creek
Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 319 pages.
    • King Co.
      • Crookwell
Felton E. Anne (1975) Mine Data Sheets to accompany Metallogenic Map, Goulburn 1:250000 Sheet. Published by the Department of Mines Geological Survey of New South Wales
    • Murchison Co.
      • Bingara
Buchester K.J. (1972) A Treasury of Australian Gemstones: An Introduction to Gemhunting and Cutting. Ure Smith, Australia, 192p.
    • Nandewar Co.
      • Narrabri
Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 319 pages.
    • Parry Co.
      • Nundle
        • Hanging Rock
Hollis, J.D., & Sutherland, F.L., Occurrences and origins of gem zircons in eastern Australia, in Records of the Australian Museum 36(6):299-311, June 1985
    • Roxburgh Co.
      • Capertee
Sydney 1:500
    • Sandon Co.
      • Armidale Gully
Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
      • Gara Dam
Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
      • Uralla
Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 319 pages.
    • Selwyn Co.
      • Tumbarumba
Wagga Wagga Mine Data Sheets, 1982
Wagga Wagga Mine Data Sheets, 1982
    • Wellington Co.
      • Mudgee
[Ruby var: Barklyite] Liversidge, A. (1896) On some New South Wales and other minerals. The Chemical News and Journal of Physical Science, Volume 74:113-114 Sept. 4.
    • Westmoreland Co.
      • Oberon
Jerry, pers comm
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Northern Broken Hill Block
Econ Geol (1993) 88:505-541
  • Northern Territory
    • Central Desert Region
Mackie, A.W. (1986) Geology and Mining History of the Arltunga Goldfield, 1887-1985, Department of Mines and Energy, Northern Territory Geological Survey, Northern Territory Government, Report 2.
[MinRec 11:271]; Zia U. Bajwah, Huckitta 1:250 000 Mineral deposit data series, Northern Territory Geological Survey, 1994
        • Ambalindum Station
          • Coggan Bore
          • Spriggs Creek Bore (Spriggs Bore)
Thompson, D. (ed.) (1986), A Fossicking Guide to the Northern Territory, Northern Territory Geological Survey, Northern Territory Department of Mines and Energy, 2nd ed., 73p, 1986
R Bottrill, Patrick Gundersen
McColl, D.H., Warren, R.G. (1979) The First Discovery of Ruby in Australia, The Australian Mineralogist, No.26, September 1979, p.121-125.
Thompson, D. (ed) (1986) A Guide to Fossicking in the Northern Territory. Northern Territory Geological Survey, Northern Territory Department of Mines and Energy, 2nd ed., 73p.
Thompson, D. (ed) (1986) A Guide to Fossicking in the Northern Territory. Northern Territory Geological Survey, Northern Territory Department of Mines and Energy, 2nd ed., 73p.
        • Mt Riddock Station
Warren, R.G. & McColl, D.H. (1983) Occurrences of boron-bearing kornerupine in the western Harts Range and near Mount Baldwin, Arunta Block, Central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics, 8 pp. 93-96.
      • Strangways Range
Wilson, A. F. (1977) A zincian högbomite and some other högbomites from the Strangways Range, Central Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, Vol.41, pp. 337-44.
Wilson, A. F. (1977) A zincian högbomite and some other högbomites from the Strangways Range, Central Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, Vol.41, pp. 337-44.
Wilson, A. F. (1977). A zincian hogbomite and some other hogbomites from the Strangways Range, Central Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 41, 337-44.
http://gemexplorer.org/archives/queensland-sapphire
    • Central Highlands Region
(1907) Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland XX:p64-78
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
www.nrm.qld.gov.au/mines/fossicking/sapphire.html
http://www.dme.qld.gov.au/zone_files/fossicking_pdf/sapphire_dfl_2007.pdf
Sharon Clifford collection
      • Rosebud Station
Ken Stockdale collection
Ken Stockdale collection
    • Etheridge Shire
http://www.corunduminium.com/australia.html
    • Flinders Shire
      • Blackbraes National Park
Collection of NHM, Vienna
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • May Downs Station
Roheryn Clifford
    • Tablelands Region
      • Kinrara National Park
Sutherland,FL, Coenraads, R, Abduriyim, A and Meffre, S., 2013. Lava Plains, NE Queensland, gem mineral suite. Abstracts, 36th Annual Seminar, Mineralogical Societies of Australasia. Sydney. p. 21-23.
On the topaz trail. P. O’Brien, Australian Gold Gem & Treasure, Vol. 12, No. 4, April 1997, pp. 26 –30.
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Lake Gairdner - Gawler Ranges area
Crooks, A.F. and Abbot, P.J.(2003). Corundum in South Australia. Report Book 2003/3. PIRSA (Mine Department)
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Arkaroola Region (Arkaroola Wilderness Sanctuary; Arkaroola Station)
          • Mt Painter area
Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
        • Paralana High Plains
Wülser, P. A., Brugger, J., Foden, J., & Pfeifer, H. R. (2011). The sandstone-hosted Beverley uranium deposit, Lake Frome Basin, South Australia: mineralogy, geochemistry, and a time-constrained model for its genesis. Economic Geology, 106(5), 835-867.
    • Kangaroo Island
      • Parndana
Noble, RJ & Just, J, 1983 , Catalogue of South Australian minerals : 1983, Dept. of Mines and Energy, South Australia, Adelaide.; Brown, HYL, 1908, Record of the Mines of South Australia. 4th Ed., Govt. printer, Adelaide
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Fleurieu Peninsula
P.A. Wulser - in the South Australian Museum collections
        • Williamstown
Crooks, AF, Abbot, PJ, 2003, Corundum in South Australia, PIRSA Rept Book 2003/3
Barossa SI5409 6628I Record of mines - Summary Card No:68
    • Murray Basin
      • Murray Mallee
        • Karoonda
J. S. Delaney, C. P. Stokes, C. O'Neill & M. Prinz (1985). The Karoonda Chondrule Corundum Conundrum (Abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XVI, pp. 175-176.
    • North West Province
Crooks, A.F. and Abbot, P.J.(2003). Corundum in South Australia. Report Book 2003/3. PIRSA (Mine Department)
    • Olary Province
Crooks, A.F. and Abbot, P.J.(2004). Beryl in South Australia. Report Book 2004/25. PIRSA (Mine Department)
Crooks, A.F., Abbot, P.J. (2004) Beryl in South Australia. Department of Primary Industries and Resources, S.A. Report Book 2004/25, 15 pages.
      • Old Boolcoomata Station
R Bottrill collection
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Roxby Downs
Ehrig, K., McPhie, J., Kamenetsky, V. (2012) Geology and mineralogical zonation of the Olympic Dam iron oxide Cu-U-Au-Ag deposit, South Australia. Economic Geology Special Publication 16, pg. 237-267.
  • Tasmania
    • Break O'Day municipality
Bottrill, R.S. & Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Bull. 73. Minerals Resources Tasmania
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Minerals of Tasmania
Bottrill, R.S. & Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Bull. 73. Tasmanian Geological Survey
Bottrill & Baker (2008) Catalogue of Mineral of Tasmania
        • Moorina
Bottrill, R.S. & Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Bull. 73. Minerals Resources Tasmania
    • Derwent Valley municipality
Bottrill & Baker in prep
    • Dorset municipality
      • Scottsdale district
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    • Glamorgan Spring Bay municipality
Bottrill, R.S. & Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Bull. 73. Tasmanian Geological Survey
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
Bottrill, RS, 1997. The Minerals of the Cygnet District. The Mineralogical Society of Tasmania Newsletter, 25, p.12; Taheri, J., and Bottrill, R. S., 1998, Porphyry and Sedimentary-hosted Gold Deposits near Cygnet: New Styles of Gold Mineralisation in Tasmania: Unpub Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania. 1999/01
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
Anderson, C. (1905) Mineralogical Notes 2. Records of the Australian Museum pp83-97
Sutherland, F.L., D.F. Hendry, B.J. Barron, W.L. Matthews and J.D. Hollis, 1996. An unusual Cenozoic Tasmanian basalt sequence near Boat Harbour, northwest Tasmania. Records of the Australian Museum, 48, 131-161.; Bottrill, R.S., Mathews, W.L., 2006. Occurrences of gemstone minerals in Tasmania. Mineral Resources Tasmania
      • Heazlewood district
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
      • Waratah district
        • Waratah
Bottrill, unpub.
  • Victoria
    • Alpine Shire
[Ruby var: Barklyite] Liversidge, A. (1896) On some New South Wales and other minerals. The Chemical News and Journal of Physical Science, Volume 74:113-114 Sept. 4.
    • Cardinia Shire
Birch, W. D. and Henry, D. A. (1997): Gem Minerals of Victoria
      • Emerald
Billing collection, topaz id by hardness and crystal form. Small green sapphire is common in wash here
Specimens collected and visually identified by Toby Billing out of buried alluvial deposits.
GHF Ulrich (1870) Contributions to the Mineralogy of Victoria
    • City of Greater Bendigo
      • Heathcote
        • Mount Ida
McAndrew, J. & Marsden, M.A.H., 1968. A regional guide to Victorian geology. Geology Department, University of Melbourne. Ryan Eagle field collected 2016
    • City of Greater Geelong
      • Anakie
Judy Rowe Collection
    • City of Greater Shepparton
      • Murchison
lenn J. MacPherson, Lawrence Grossman, A. Hashimoto, Miryam Bar-Matthews, Tsuyoshi Tanaka (1984) Petrographic studies of refractory inclusions from the Murchison meteorite. Journal of Geophysical Research, Supplement, vol. 89, pp. C299-C312.
    • East Gippsland Shire
    • Hepburn Shire
      • Daylesford
        • Daylesford Gold Field
Willman, C.E., Bibby, L.M., Radojkovic, A.M., Maher, S., Haydon, S.J., Hollis, J.D ., Osborne, C.R. (2002): Castlemaine 1:100 000 Map Area Geological Report, Geological Survey of Victoria Report 121. [ISBN: 0 7306 9462 3]
    • Indigo Shire
No reference listed
    • Moorabool Shire
      • Morrisons
Birch, W.D. and Henry, D.A. (1999) Gem Minerals of Victoria. Mineralogical Society of Victoria - Special Publication No.4 (120 pages).
    • Mornington Peninsula Shire
W D Birch and D A Henry, Gemstones in Victoria, 2013. ISBN 9781921833069
    • Northern Grampians Shire
      • Carapooee
W.D.Birch in Australian Journal of Earth Sciences (2007) 54 (609-628); Birch, W. D. (2008): Gem corundum from the St Arnaud district, Western Victoria, Australia. Australian J. of Mineralogy 14, 73-78.
    • Pyrenees Shire
      • Amphitheatre
    • Rural City of Wangaratta
      • Eldorado
Dunn, E.J.,(1913). Bulletins of the Geological Survey of Victoria No. 25. The Woolshed Valley, Beechworth. Department of Mines.
      • Tolmie
No reference listed
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
David Sheumack collection
    • Beverley Shire
Jacobson, M., Caldrwood, M., Grguric, B. (2007): Pegmatites of Western Australia
    • Bridgetown-Greenbushes Shire
      • Greenbushes Tinfield
Jacobson, M., Calderwood, M., Grguric, B.(2007): Pegmatites of Western Australia
    • Carnarvon Shire
      • Williambury Station
Fetherston, J., Stocklmayer, S., Stocklmayer, V(2013): Gemstones of WA, Geological Survey of WA
    • Coolgardie Shire
      • Coolgardie
Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 2, p 118
    • Cue Shire
      • Poona
Groat, L.A., Giuliani, G., Marshall, D.D., and Turner, D. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 87-112.
Fetherston, J., Stocklmayer, S., Stocklmayer, V(2013): Gemstones of WA, Geological Survey of WA
    • Leonora Shire
      • Yakabindie Station
Pegmatites of Western Australia; M Jacobson, M Calderwood, B Grguric; Hesperian Press, Perth, 2007.
    • Murchison Shire
      • Mardagee Station
Fetherston, J.M., Stocklmayer, S.M., Stocklmayer, V.C. (2013) Gemstones of Western Australia - Mineral Resources Bulletin 25, Geological Survey of Western Australia (2013): p178
    • Port Hedland Shire
      • Abydos Station
Fetherston J.M, Stocklmayer, S.M., Stocklmayer, V.C., (2013) Gemstones of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 25, 306p.
        • Wodgina
Simpson, Edward S. (1928) Famous Mineral Localities: Wodgina, North West Australia, American Mineralogist, Vol. 13, No. 9, September 1928, pp.457-468.
    • Upper Gascoyne Shire
      • Eudamullah Station
Pryce, M., MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, JUNE 1973, VOL. 39, PP. 241-3
      • Mount Sandiman Station
Tom Kapitany coll.
Tom Kapitany collections
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
        • Hüttenberger Erzberg
H. Meixner: Carinthia II 157./77.:88-89 (1967)
          • Knappenberg
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
        • Lölling
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
        • Mosinzgraben
          • Mosinz
H. Meixner: Carinthia II 157./77.:88-89 (1967)
    • Karawanken
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Hochobir
        • Schaidasattel
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Albrechtsberg an der Großen Krems
Fechner, K., und M. A. Götzinger (1985): Zur Mineralogie eines Korund führenden Pegmatites und seiner Reaktionszonen zum Serpentinit (Kl.-Heinrichschlag, W Krems, Niederösterreich). Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 130, 45-56.
Seen at Melk mineral show 3/09
ERTL, Andreas, BRANDSTÄTTER, Franz & PREM, Markus (2008): Moldanubische Korundvorkommen mit Rubin und Saphir bei Drosendorf, Waldviertel, Niederösterreich.- Mitt. Österr. Min. Ges., 154, 45-51, Wien
Niedermayr, G. (1986): 633. Diaspor, Harmotom, Korund und Prehnit aus dem Bereich von Wolfsbach, SE Drosendorf, Niederösterreich. Pp. 532-534 in Niedermayr, G., B. Moser, W. Postl & F. Walter (1986): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XXXV. Carinthia II, 176./96., 521-547.; Brandstätter, F. & Niedermayr, G. (1989): 761. Ephesit aus den Korund führenden Pegmatiten von Wolfsbach, SE Drosendorf. Pp. 256-257 in Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F., Kirchner, E., Moser, B. & Postl, W. (1989): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XXXVIII. Carinthia II, 179./99., 231-268.; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
        • Wollmersdorf (Zettlitz-Wollmersdorf)
Huber, S. and Huber, P. (1977): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 8: Oberösterreich, Niederösterreich und Burgenland. C. Weise Verlag, München, 270 pp. (in German)
Seen at Melk mineral show 3/09
      • Gföhl
        • Felling
KNOBLOCH, Gerald (2012): Erdgeschichte(n) zwischen Krems & Kamp.- 275 S., Pöllauberg (Living Edition).
      • Groß-Gerungs
THIELE, Otto (1971): Ein Cordierit-Kugeldiorit aus dem westlichen Waldviertel (Niederösterreich). - Verh. Geolog. B.-A., 1971/3, 409-423, Wien (in German).
      • Langenlois
Albert Prayer collection
      • Mühldorf
        • Amstall
GOLDMANN, Christoph & LÖFFLER, Erwin (2008): Die Mineralienfundstellen des Graphitbergbaues Amstall, NÖ.- Mefos, 19/35, 4-34, A-D, Wien.
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
        • Wegscheid
Huber, S. & Huber, P. (1977): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 8: Oberösterreich, Niederösterreich und Burgenland. C. Weise Verlag, München, 270 pp.
      • Röhrenbach
Himmelbauer (1927); Huber, S. and Huber, P. (1977): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 8: Oberösterreich, Niederösterreich und Burgenland. C. Weise Verlag, München, 270 pp. (in German)
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Habach valley
        • Nasenkopf
matrixx 5, p.50-54
  • Styria
    • Bad Gleichenberg
      • Wilhelmsdorf
Postl, W., Taucher, J. & Moser, B. (1996): Neue Mineralfunde im oststeirischen Vulkangebiet. Mitt. Abt. Miner. Landesmuseum Joanneum, 60/61, 3-76.
    • Bad Radkersburg
      • Klöch
Taucher, J. et al. (1989); "Aus der Tiefe der Vulkane", Fritz-Jandl-Postl (2011)
    • Fischbacher Alpen
      • Krieglach
        • Freßnitzgraben
          • Alpl
F. Bernhard, F. Walter, K. Ettinger, J. Taucher, K. Mereiter: Amer. Mineral. 83:625-630 (1998)
        • Traibachgraben
          • Traibach
http://www.franzbernhard.x10hosting.com/polishedslabs.html
      • Langenwang
        • Pretulgraben
    • Weiz
      • Stubenberg am See
Bernhard, F. & Schachinger, T. (2006)
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Ötz valley
        • Polles valley
Hoernes S., Miller Ch., Purtscheller F. (1971): Neue Mineralfunde aus den westlichen Tiroler Zentralalpen. Veröff. Mus. Ferdinandeum 51, 79-86.
  • Upper Austria
    • Mühlviertel
      • Urfahr-Umgebung
        • Ottensheim
- Gerhard Brandstetter, in: 2. Dürnbergtunnel bei Ottensheim. Mineralogische und paläontologische Notizen aus Oberösterreich. OÖ Geonachrichten, MFOÖ Mineralien - und Fossiliensammler Oberösterreichs mit ARGE Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie im Oberösterreichischen Landesmuseum, 15. Jahrgang, Linz 2000, Seite 16 – 22.
  • Vorarlberg
    • Montafon
      • Silvretta Alps
        • Ochsen valley
Polz, A. (1989): Mineralien aus Vorarlberg. Vorarlberger Verl.-Anst., Dornbirn, 80 pp.
Bolivia
 
  • La Paz
    • Larecaja Province
      • Tipuani
Salomon Rivas & Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz); Salomon Rivas & Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
 
  • Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    • Sarajevo Canton
      • Vareš
Operta, Mevlida; Pamić, Jakob; Balen, Dražen; Tropper, Peter. Corundum-bearing amphibolites from the metamorphic basement of the Krivaja - Konjuh ultramafic massif (Dinaride Ophiolite Zone, Bosnia). // Mineralogy and petrology. 77 (2003) , 3-4; 287-295
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Chapada Diamantina
      • Andaraí
Overstreet, William C., 1967, The Geologic Occurrence of Monazite, United States Geological Survey Professional Paper, Volume 530, p. 292.
    • Paramirim
[MinRec 16:111]
    • Vitória da Conquista
Mineralogical Record (1977) 8:382-387
  • Ceará
Rafael Hernandes Corrêa-Silva.
No reference listed
    • Barro Alto
Santos, W. M. D. (2012). Mineralogia e geoquímica da bauxita derivada do anortosito, Barro Alto, Goiás. Dissertação(Mestrado em Geologia)—Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, 2011.
  • Mato Grosso
    • Juína
Cid, J. P., Nardi, L. V. S., Cid, C. P., Gisbert, P. E., & Balzaretti, N. M. (2014). Acid compositions in a veined-lower mantle, as indicated by inclusions of (K, Na)-Hollandite+ SiO 2 in diamonds. Lithos, 196, 42-53.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Diamantina
Nina Daneu, Herbert Schmid, Aleksander Rečnik, Werner Mader (2007) Atomic structure and formation mechanism of (301) rutile twins from Diamantina (Brazil). American Mineralogist 92: 1789-1799.
    • Setubinha
Cornejo, C. and Bartorelli, A., 2010, Minerals and Precious Stones of Brazil.
    • Vargem Alegre
Cornejo, C. and Bartorelli, A., 2010, Minerals and Precious Stones of Brazil.
  • Tocantins
Kitajima, L. F. W. , Ruiz, J. , Gehrels, G., Gaspar, J. C. (2001): Uranium-lead ages of zircon megacrysts and zircon included in corundum from Peixe Alkaline Complex (Brazil). In: III Simposio Sudamericano de Geologia Isotopica, 2001, Pucón. ; de Melo¹, G. H. C., Monteiro, L. V. S., Penteado, C., Moreto¹, N., Xavier¹, R. P., & da Silva¹, M. A. D. (2014). Paragenesis and evolution of the hydrothermal Bacuri iron oxide–copper–gold deposit, Carajás Province (PA). Brazilian Journal of Geology, 44(1), 73-90.
Bulgaria
 
  • Haskovo Oblast (Khaskovo Oblast)
    • Simeonovgrad Obshtina
Doinikova, O.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(1), 80-86.
      • Simeonovgrad
Doinikova, O.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(1), 80-86.
  • Kardzhali Oblast (Kurdzhali; Kărdžali; Kurdjali)
    • Dzhebel Obshtina
Marcus Vau Collection
    • Kirkovo Obshtina
  • Plovdiv Oblast
    • Srednogorie Region (Sredna Gora; Srdnia Gora)
      • Ihtimanska Sredna Gora (Ikhtiman Sredna Gora)
Petrusenko, S. & Arnaudov, V. (1996): Desilicified pegmatites with dravite and corundum from the Ikhtiman Sredna Gora, Bulgaria. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 31, 65-77 (in Bulgarian).
  • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
    • Samokov Obshtina
      • Samokov Town
Vasil Arnaudov, Svetoslav Petrusenko, and Chavdar Karov (2003): Sherl, foytit i dravit v pegmatiti ot metamorfnata mantiya na Planskiya pluton, Yugozapadna B'lgariya [Schorl, foitite and dravite from pegmatites in the metamorphic zone of Plana Pluton, SW Bulgaria]. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya, 40, 97-107 (in Bulgarian with English abtract). [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp40/V.Arnaudov.pdf]
Cambodia
USGS Minerals yearbook (1994) THE MINERAL INDUSTRY OF CAMBODIA
  • Bătdâmbâng Province (Khet Batdambang Province; Battambang Province)
    • Samlot field
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (1993) Atlas of Mineral Resources for the Escap Region Cambodia Vol 10 UN.
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (1993) Atlas of Mineral Resources for the Escap Region Cambodia Vol 10 UN.
  • Koh Kong Province
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (1993) Atlas of Mineral Resources for the Escap Region Cambodia Vol 10 UN.
  • Krong Pailin Municipality (Pailin Municipality)
Peter Cristofono; Eldridge M. Moores, Rhodes Whitmore Fairbridge (1997) Encyclopedia of European and Asian regional geology
Rocks & Min.: 20:467.
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (1993) Atlas of Mineral Resources for the Escap Region Cambodia Vol 10 UN.
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (1993) Atlas of Mineral Resources for the Escap Region Cambodia Vol 10 UN.
Concise Field Report Volume 1: Pailin, Cambodia (Dec 2008 – Feb 2009) Vincent Pardieu GIA Laboratory, Bangkok
  • Môndól Kiri Province (Mondulkiri Province)
Eldridge M. Moores, Rhodes Whitmore Fairbridge (1997) Encyclopedia of European and Asian regional geology
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (1993) Atlas of Mineral Resources for the Escap Region Cambodia Vol 10 UN.
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (1993) Atlas of Mineral Resources for the Escap Region Cambodia Vol 10 UN.
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (1993) Atlas of Mineral Resources for the Escap Region Cambodia Vol 10 UN.
  • Rattanakiri Province (Ratanakiri Province; Rotanokiri Province)
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (1993) Atlas of Mineral Resources for the Escap Region Cambodia Vol 10 UN.
Cameroon
 
  • South-West Region
Kanouo, N. S., Yongue, R. F., Chen, S., Njonfang, E., Ma, C., Ghogomu, T. R., ... & Sababa, E. (2012). Greyish-Black Rutile Megaclasts from the Nsanaragati Gem Placer, SW Cameroon: Geochemical Features and Genesis. Journal of Geography and Geology, 4(2), p134.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Lillooet Mining Division
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    • Slocan Mining Division
Minfile 082FNW259
    • Trail Creek Mining Division
      • Rossland
HARRIS, D.C., JAMBOR, J.L., LACHANCE, G.R. & THORPE, R.I. (1968): Tintinaite, the antimony analogue of kobellite. Canadian Mineralogist 9, 371-382.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
      • Grenville
Arima, M., Gower, C. (1991): Osumilite-bearing Granulites in the Eastern Grenville Province, Eastern Labrador, Canada: Mineral Parageneses and Metamorphic Conditions, Journal of Petrolog, Vol. 32 (1), pp. 29-61
Chusi Li, Naldrett, A.J., and Ripley, E.M. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 85-92.
C. Lemanski, Jr. (re-entry of lost Mindat data).
      • Voisey´s Bay
Chusi Li, Naldrett, A.J., and Ripley, E.M. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 85-92.
www.alpinegems.net
SABINA, A.P. (1976): Rocks & minerals for the collector: The Magdalen Islands, Quebec and the island of Newfoundland. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 75-36, 199p. Reissued in 2003 as Île de la Madeleine, Quebec, the Island of Newfoundland and Labrador. Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 58, 160-161.
www.alpinegems.net
    • Great Slave Lake
      • Outpost Island
Ann P Sabina (1964) Rock and mineral collecting in Canada. Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report - Issue 8, Volume 1 - Page 36
Traill, R. J. (1980) Catalog of Canadian Minerals: Revised 1980. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 80-18.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cape Breton Co.
Hans Durstling, "New Discovery: Rubies in Nova Scotia", Virtual Fundy
    • Queens Co.
      • Western Head
Don Doell collection
  • Nunavut
    • Baffin Island
      • Kimmirut (Lake Harbour)
http://www.gia.edu/gemsandgemology/18578/22211/2278/back_issue_article_detail.cfm
  • Ontario
E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 49
    • Cochrane District
      • Guibord Township
MDI Number: MDI42A08NE00227
    • Haliburton Co.
      • Cardiff Township
Can Mineral December 1966 v. 8 no. 5 p. 593-609
http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/mdi/data/records/MDI31E01SE00224.html
MDI Number: MDI31E01SE00095
MDI Number: MDI31E01SE00097
      • Glamorgan Township
Ref.: Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39
David K. Joyce Collection
      • Lutterworth Township
Ref.: Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39.
Reiner Mielke
      • Monmouth Township
Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39
collection of W.Babcock, with label on specimen
    • Hastings Co.
      • Carlow Township
Gsc paper 70-50 ann p sabina
Ontario MDI Number: MDI31F05SE00021
ref.: D.F. Hewitt (1954)
E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 49
Fouts, C. (1998) Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook. Bancroft & District Chamber of Commerce, 50pp.
        • York River area
[Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook] + Steacy, H.R., Rose, E. R., Moyd, L. & Hogarth, D.D. (1982): Some classic Mineral Localities of Southeastern Ontario. Mineralogical Record 13: 197-203
Ann P. Sabina, rock & Mineral Collecting in Canada, Volume 2, Ontario & Quebec, page 78.
Ref.: Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39.
      • Monteagle Township
http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/MDI/data/records/MDI31F04NW00003.html
ref.: D.F. Hewitt (1954)
    • Lanark Co.
      • Bathurst Township
Richard Gunter specimens
    • Leeds and Grenville Co.
      • Bastard Township
S. Mirete
    • Peterborough Co.
E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 49
Richard Gunter; MDI Number: MDI31C12NW00006; McLEMORE, V. T. (2006). Nepheline Syenite. Industrial Mineral and Rocks, 7th Edition, Kogel, JE, Trivedi, NC, Barker, JM and Krukowsk, ST (Seniors Editors), Society of Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc. Littleton, Colorado, 653-670.
Paper 69-50, Geological Survey of Canada, (1970); Ann P.Sabina (1987), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Hull-Maniwaki, Quebec; Ottawa-Peterborough, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 41
    • Renfrew Co.
      • Brudenell Township
Geological Survey of Canada Paper 70-50
MDI Number: MDI31F06SW00037
      • Radcliffe Township
Geological Survey of Canada Paper 70-50
      • Raglan Township
        • Craigmont Mine (Craig)
Rocks and minerals for the collector: ottawa to north bay
Geological Survey of Canada Paper 70-50
    • Sudbury District
      • Bigwood Township
Dolan, M.L., Hains, D.H. and Ash, D.R. (1991) High Alumina Rocks in Ontario; Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines, Industrial Minerals Background Paper 10, 130p
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Gemmell Township
Economic Geology April 1986 v. 81 no. 2 p. 323-342
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • La Vallée-de-l'Or RCM
        • Réservoir-Dozois
Cindy Hasler Collection Olivier Langelier Collection; Hudon, P., Friedman, R.M., Gauthier, G. & Martignole, J. (2006) Age of the Cabonga nepheline syenite, Grenville Province, western Quebec. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, vol. 43(9), 1237-1249.
    • Estrie
      • Les Sources RCM
        • Asbestos
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. and SPERTINI, F. (2013) The Jeffrey mine, Asbestos, Québec, Canada: A mineralogical review. Mineralogical Record, 44, 375-417.
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
    • Montréal
      • Mont Royal
Finley (1930)
  • Saskatchewan
    • Athabasca Basin
      • Honsvall Lake
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 1251-1272.
Adlakha, E., Hattori, K., Zaluski, G., Kotzer, T., & Potter, E. G. (2013). Alteration within the basement rocks associated with the P2 fault and the McArthur River uranium deposit, Athabasca Basin. Geological Survey of Canada Open File Report, 7462, 33.
Chile
 
  • Atacama Region
    • Chañaral Province
      • Diego de Almagro
        • El Salvador district
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Coquimbo Region
    • Choapa Province
      • Salamanca
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Tarapacá Region
    • El Tamarugal Province
      • Collahuasi District
http://www.portergeo.com.au/database/mineinfo.asp?mineid=mn609#browse (accessed 01/19/2018)
China
 
  • Anhui Province
    • Bozhou Prefecture
      • Qiaocheng District
        • Xiaoyanzhuang
Kuiren Wang and Junxin Wang (1987): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 7(3), 238-244
    • Hefei Prefecture
      • Lujiang Co.
Ruqing Ji, Wenya Zhou, and Shilan Zhang (1987): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 6(1), 64-71
    • Lu'an Prefecture
      • Huoshan Co.
Jiazhen Li (1994): Mineral Resources and Geology 8(2), 33-40
  • Fujian Province
    • Sanming Prefecture
      • Mingxi Co.
        • Gaiyang
Qiu Zhili, Wu Fuyuan, Yu Qingyuan, Xie Liewen, and Yang Shufeng (2005): Chinese Science Bulletin 50(22), 2602-2611.
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Baise Prefecture
      • Pingguo Co.
Xinyu Cao and Tongjiang Tang (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(2), 18-23
  • Hainan Province (Hainan Island)
    • Ding'an Co.
      • Penglai
- Qiu Zhili, Qin Shecai, and Chen Xiaoming (2001): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 21(2), 205-208.
Giuliani, G., Fallick, A., Rakotondrazafy, M., Ohnenstetter, D., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., ... & Ralison, B. (2007). Oxygen isotope systematics of gem corundum deposits in Madagascar: relevance for their geological origin. Mineralium Deposita, 42(3), 251-270.
  • Hebei Province
    • Baoding Prefecture
      • Fuping Co.
Guochun Zhao, Min Sun, Wilde, S.A., and Jinghui Guo (2004), In: Malpas, J., Fletcher, C.J.N., Ali, J.R., and Aitchison, J.C. (eds.): Aspects of the Tectonic Evolution of China. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 226, pp. 27-55
    • Handan Prefecture
      • She Co.
Zheng-Min Cao, Shan Qin, Yu-Run Bi, and Jian-Wei Wang (1997): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica [Yanshikuangwuxue Zazhi] 16(4), 353-356.
    • Shijiazhuang Prefecture
      • Lingshou Co.
Yingjun Li, Cuigeng Guo, Yongchang Wang, and Xiangping Chen (2007): Hebei Geology 2007(1), 5-7
Shenghe Guo (1982): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 2(3), 233-236
  • Hubei Province
    • Huanggang Prefecture
      • Yingshan Co.
Ruihua Wu and Qionglin Liu (1998): Geological Review 63(6), 627-633
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Yizhang Co.
        • Dongpo ore field
Shimou Chen, Hongchang Li, Ciguo Xie, and Shangjing Ai (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(10), 15-21; Yuzhou Li (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(6), 29-35
        • Yaogangxian W-Sn ore field
Yuzhou Li (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(6), 29-35
  • Jiangsu Province
    • Lianyungang Prefecture
      • Donghai Co.
        • Zhimafang
Zhang, R.Y., Liou, J.G., and Zheng, J.P. (2004): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 147, 21-31.
    • Nanjing Prefecture
      • Luhe District
Kamitani, M., Okumura, K., Teraoka, Y., Miyano, S., and Watanabe, Y. (2007): Mineral Resources Map of East Asia. Geological Survey of Japan.
  • Jilin Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Yanbian Chaoxianzu Autonomous Prefecture
      • Hunchun Co.
http://wrgis.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of03-220/DATABASE/lode_deposits.txt
  • Shandong Province
    • Weifang Prefecture
      • Changle Co.
        • Wutu
Qiu Zhili, Wu Fuyuan, Yu Qingyuan, Xie Liewen, and Yang Shufeng (2005): Chinese Science Bulletin 50(22), 2602-2611; Natural History Museum Vienna collection.
    • Zibo Prefecture
      • Linzi District
Da-Xin Li and Yi-Ming Zhao (1997): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 16(1), 44-49.
  • Shanxi Province
    • Xinzhou Prefecture
      • Yuanping Co.
http://wrgis.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of03-220/DATABASE/lode_deposits.txt
  • Sichuan Province
    • Ngawa Autonomous Prefecture (Aba Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Zoigê Co. (Ruo'ergai Co.)
Su Sun (1993): Gold Science and Technology 1(2), 4-10
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Lhasa Prefecture
      • Qüxü Co. (Qushui Co.)
Changbi Li (1991): Tibet Geology 2(1), 75-85
    • Ngari Prefecture
      • Coqên Co. (Cuoqin Co.)
        • Nixiong Fe-Cu ore field (Nyixung Fe-Cu ore field)
Weizheng Hu, Xiaowen Huang, and Jinming Jiang (2006): Resources Survey and Environment 27(3), 200-208
    • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
      • Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.)
http://www.ngu.no/FileArchive/165/2003_055.pdf Geological Survey of Norway / The Alice Wain Memorial West Norway Eclogite Field Symposium / Abstract Volume p. 8.
Xiangzhen Xu, Jingsui Yang, Guolin Guo, and Fahui Xiong (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(6), 1867-1877
Xiangzhen, X., Jingsui, Y., Songyong, C., Qingsong, F., Wenji, B., & Dengzhu, B. (2009). Unusual mantle mineral group from chromitite ore body Cr-11 in Luobusa ophiolite of Yarlung-Zangbo suture zone, Tibet. Journal of Earth Science, 20(2), 284-302.
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Akesu Prefecture (Aksu Prefecture; Aqsu Prefecture)
      • Baicheng Co. (Bay Co.)
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Lopnur Co. (Yuli Co.; Weili Co.)
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    • Kezilesu Autonomous Prefecture (Kizilsu Autonomous Prefecture; Qizilsu Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aketao Co. (Akto Co.; Aqto Co.)
        • Subashi (Subashen)
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
http://wrgis.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of03-220/DATABASE/lode_deposits.txt
  • Yunnan
    • Yuxi Prefecture
      • Yuanjiang Co.
Yunkui Qian (2004): Yunnan Geology 23(3), 337-342
  • Zhejiang Province
    • Lishui Prefecture
      • Qingtian Co.
        • Haikou
Jambor, J.L., and Vanko, D.A. (1992): American Mineralogist 77, 446-452.
Kamitani, M., Okumura, K., Teraoka, Y., Miyano, S., and Watanabe, Y. (2007): Mineral Resources Map of East Asia. Geological Survey of Japan
Colombia
 
  • Antioquia Department
    • Mun. de Frontino
Publications of the Field Columbian Museum Geological Series Vol 1 1895-1902 pp 121-177
  • Cauca Department
    • Mun. de Mercaderes
Romero, F.H., Rodríguez-Vargas, A.I. (2002): Caracterización mineralógica de los corindones de Mercaderes, Cauca (Colombia). Geol. Colomb. 27, 121–142.; Manuela Zeug, Andrés Ignacio, Rodríguez Vargas, Lutz Nasdala (2017): Spectroscopic study of inclusions in gem corundum from Mercaderes, Cauca, Colombia. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 44, 221-233.
Romero, F.H., Rodríguez-Vargas, A.I. (2002): Caracterización mineralógica de los corindones de Mercaderes, Cauca (Colombia). Geol. Colomb. 27, 121–142; Sutherland, F.L., Duroc-Danner, J.M., and Meffre, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 155-168.
Czech Republic
 
  • Hradec Králové Region
    • Nová Paka (Neupaka)
Moravec, B.: Zajímavé nerosty z granátových náplavů v Podkrkonoší. Minerál, 2002, roč. 10 č. 4, s. 262-268.; Pasava, J., Malec, J., Griffin, W. L., & González Jiménez, J. M. (2015). Re–Os isotopic constraints on the source of platinum-group minerals (PGMs) from the Vestřev pyrope-rich garnet placer deposit, Bohemian Massif.
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Bečov nad Teplou (Petschau)
Vrtiška L., Velebil D. (2016) Rubíny v kyanitu z Chodova u Bečova nad Teplou. Minerál 24, 4.
  • Liberec Region
    • Jizerské Mtn (Iser Mtn)
Kotrlý, M., Malíková, P., Holub F. X.: Malá Jizerská louka, klasické naleziště drahokamové asociace. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1997, roč. 4-5, s. 25-40. and Kotrlý, M., Malíková, P.: Klasická lokalita Malá Jizerská louka. Minerál, 2002, roč. 10, č. 4, s. 251 - 262.
  • Olomouc Region
    • Prostějov
Krestina, N., Hsu, W., Wasserburg, G.J. (2002) Circumstellar oxide grains in ordinary chondrites and their origin (abstract). Lunar Planet. Sci. 33: pdf.1425.
    • Šumperk (Mährisch Schönberg)
Nepejchal M., Zimák J. (2004): Železorudné ložisko Franziskazeche u Šumperka. Městský úřad Šumperk a Vlastivědné muzeum v Šumperku.
      • Hanušovice
Gába, Z., Šitavanc, D.: Minerální parageneze svorů keprnické klenby od Hanušovic. Zprávy Krajského vlastivědného muzea v Olomouci, 1979, sv. 201, s. 9-14.
Gába, Z., Šitavanc, D.: Minerální parageneze svorů keprnické klenby od Hanušovic. Zprávy Krajského vlastivědného muzea v Olomouci, 1979, sv. 201, s. 9-14.
  • South Bohemia Region
    • Prachatice (Prachatitz)
Welser, P., Zikeš, J.: Minerály z lomu Kobylí Hora u Prachatic. Minerál, 2013, roč. 21, č. 5, s. 414-421.
    • Strakonice
Litochleb, J. et al.: Korund ze skapolitem bohaté vápenatosilikátové horniny v moldanubických mramorech u Krtů na Strakonicku. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1997, roč. 4-5, s. 169-172.
    • Tábor (Tabor)
http://www.mineralos.cz/lokality/chynov/chynov.htm
      • Sepekov
Fiala, J., Losert, J.: Nález korundu, cordieritu, granátu, sillimanitu a turmlínu v hercynitovcích na Chlumu u Sepekova. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1976, roč. 21, č. 3, s. 326.
  • South Moravia Region
    • Oslavany
Dokoupilova P., Sulovsky P., Losos Z. 2006: Hematite, hexahydrite and picromerite group from the mine waste of the coal mine Kukla in Oslavany. Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 57-59
Hršelová, P., Cempírek, J., Houzar, S., Sejkora, J. (2013): S,F,Cl-rich mineral assemblages from burned spoil heaps in the Rosice-Oslavany coalfield, Czech Republic. Can. Mineral.: 51(1): 171-188
  • Ústí Region
    • Třebenice (Trebnitz)
Rost R.: Doplňky k mineralogii pyropových štěrků v Českém středohoří. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1962, 7, 4, 407-417.
  • Vysočina Region
    • Havlíčkův Brod District
      • Chotěboř
Láznička, P.: Nález horniny s makroskopickým korundem v Železných horách. Věstník Ústředního ústavu geologického, 1965, roč. 40, s. 209-210.
      • Přibyslav
Pauliš et al. 2016 Bulletin Nár. Muz.
    • Třebíč District
      • Okříšky
Houzar, S.: Pokojovice u Třebíče – klasická lokalita korundu na Moravě. Minerál, 2005, roč. 13, č. 1, s. 23-25.
    • Žďár nad Sázavou District
      • Křižanov
Staněk, J.: Parageneze minerálů pegmatitových žil z Hatí u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. nat., vol. 76, pages 19-49.
Staněk, J.: Asociace minerálů významnějších pegmatitových žil v Hatích u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1997, roč. 82, 3-19.
Staněk, J.: Asociace minerálů významnějších pegmatitových žil v Hatích u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1997, roč. 82, 3-19.
Staněk, J.: Asociace minerálů významnějších pegmatitových žil v Hatích u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1997, roč. 82, 3-19.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
 
  • Kasaï (Kasaï-Occidental)
Edwards, M.G. (1917) The American Mineralogist, 2, #7, 88-89.
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
    • Qaasuitsup
      • Qeqertarsuaq Island (Disko Island)
Melson, William G. and George Switzer (1966): Plagioclase-spinel-graphite xenoliths in metallic iron-bearing basalts, Disko Island, Greenland. American Mineralogist. 51: 664-676
Am Min 51:664-676
    • Sermersooq
      • Nuuk (Godthåb)
Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages [p.192]
Petersen, O. V. & Secher, K. (1993): The Minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-67
https://gem-a.com/news-publications/media-centre/news-blogs/gems-from-gem-a/gem/greenland-ruby-the-mighty-aappaluttoq-arises
          • Bjørnesund
Petersen, O.V & Johnsen, O. (1980): Giant crystals of Kornerupine. Mineralogical Record 11,93-96
Friend, C.R.L. (1982): A1-Cr substitution in peraluminous sapphirines from the Bjoernesund area, Fiskenaesset region, southern West Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine. 46, 323-328
Williams, H.R. (1984): Field relations and chemistry of Sapphirine-bearing rocks from the Bjoernesund area, Fiskenaesset, Western Greenland, Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 22, 417 - 421
Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages [p.193-194]
Ackermand, D., Windley, B.F., Herd R.K. (1983): Magnesian Högbomite in a Sapphirine-bearing rock from the Fiskenaesset region, W. Greenland, Mineralogical Magazine, 47, 555-561
Friend C.R.L. (1995): Occurrences of Boron-free and Boron-poor Kornerupine, Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 59, 163-166
Finland
 
  • Eastern Finland Region
    • Kiuruvesi
Geological Survey of Finland 2008.Ruostesuo -Zinc Database.
Hölttä, P. & Paavola, J. 1988.The Varpaisjärvi-Iisalmi area. In: Pajunen, M. (toim.) International Geological Correlation Programme. Project 235 "Metamorphism and Geodynamics". Excurcion in Finland 15.6.-19.6.1988. Geologian tutkimuskeskus opas 21, 13-18.
  • Lapland Region
    • Inari
      • Lemmenjoki
        • Puskuoja
Kari A. Kinnunen (1995) PUSKUOJAN KULLAN JA KVARTSIN MUODOSTAMISTA SEKAHIPUISTA. Geologian tutkimuskeskus
Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp.
Haapala, Ilmari; Siivola, Jaakko; Ojanperä, Pentti & Yletyinen, Veijo 1971. Red corundum, sapphirine and kornerupine from Kittilä, Finnish Lapland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland 43 (2), 221-231.
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Pyhäntä
Al Ani Thair and Torppa Akseli 2011. REE-Nb mineralogy in Katajakangas and Lamujärvi alkaline rocks, Central Finland
Rouhunkoski, P. 1968. On the geology and geochemistry of the Vihanti ore deposit, Finland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de la Finlande
  • Southern Finland Region
    • Helsinki
Laitakari, A. 1948. Helsingin ympäristön kallioperän kaivannaiset. Geoteknillisiä julkaisuja 45
  • Southwestern Finland Region
    • Salo
      • Perniö
http://www.gsf.fi/explor/zinc/traskbole.htm
      • Suomusjärvi
Niskanen, Maria (2014). Salitun felsisten juonten mineraalikoostumus ja evoluutio. Pro Gradu-tutkielma (2014). Geotieteiden ja Maantieteen Laitos Helsingin Yliopisto.
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Akaa
      • Toijala
Ilkka Mikkola collection, Martti Lehtinen XRD
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Moulins
        • Neuvy
collected by François Périnet
      • Vichy
        • St-Didier-la-Forêt
          • Andelot River watershed
François Périnet
        • Varennes-sur-Allier
François Périnet collection
    • Cantal
      • Allanche
        • Ségur-les-Villas
Collected by François Périnet
      • Aurillac
        • Lascelle
collected by François Périnet
      • Beaulieu
Collected by François Périnet
        • Journiac
Collected by François Périnet
Collected by François Périnet
      • Cantal Mts
        • Salers
          • Anglards-de-Salers
collected by François Périnet
        • Vic-sur-Cère
          • Saint-Jacques-des-Blats
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
          • Thiézac
collected by François Périnet
      • Menet
J. Aubouin, R. Brousse, J.P. Lehman : "Précis de Géologie", Dunod, 1967
Brousse R, Varet J (1966) Les trachytes du Mont-Dore et du Cantal septentrional et leurs enclaves. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France 8: 246-262.
Collected by François Périnet
      • Saint-Flour
        • Roffiac
collected by François Périnet
    • Haute-Loire
      • Brioude
        • Siaugues-Ste-Marie
Collected by François Périnet
        • Vieille-Brioude
          • Champlong
Collected by François Périnet
Collected by Guy Pégère
      • Craponne-sur-Arzon
        • Chomélix
SIMONET C. (2000) - Géologie des gisements de saphir et de rubis – L’exemple de la John Saul Ruby Mine, Mangare, Kenya. Thèse de doctorat Université de Nantes. Première partie pp. 143-151.
      • Cussac-sur-Loire
        • St-Jean-Lachalm
François Périnet collection
      • Langeac
        • Mazeyrat-d'Allier
          • Saint-Eble
collected by François Périnet
PEGERE G. (1994) - Le Mont-Coupet dans le volcanisme de Saint-Georges-d’Aurac, Haute-Loire, sa magmatologie, sa faune fossile, ses pierres gemmes, Almanach de Brioude, Haute-Loire, pp. 193–211.
        • Saint-Arcons-d’Allier
collected by François Périnet
collected by François Périnet
        • Saint-Bérain
          • Chardassac
Collected by François Périnet
        • Saint-Julien-des-Chazes
collected by François Périnet
collected by François Périnet
        • Siaugues-Sainte-Marie
          • Plancheresse
Collected by François PERINET
      • Lavoûte-Chilhac
        • Cerzat
          • le Chambon
Collected by François Périnet
        • Saint-Cirgues
F.H. Forestier : "Les Péridotites Serpentinisées en France, Groupe I, Fascicule IV, Bassin du Haut Allier", BRGM, 1964
        • Saint-Ilpize
Collected by François Périnet
FORESTIER F. H., LASNIER B. (1969) – Découverte de niveaux d’amphibolites à pargasite, anorthite, corindon et saphirine dans les schistes cristallins de la vallée du Haut-Allier – Existence du faciès granulite dans la massif Central Français, Contr. Mineral. And Petrol. 23, pp. 194-235.
          • la Redonde
collected by Guy Pégère and François Périnet.
          • Ribeyre
Collected by François Périnet
        • Saint-Privat-du-Dragon
          • Feneyrolles
Collected by Guy Pégère
PERINET F., PEGERE G. (2009) – Les sables éluvionnaires à rubis et sapphirine du secteur de Peygerolles, St-Privat-du-Dragon, Haute-Loire – Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n° 104, pp. 35-41.
      • Le Puy-en-Velay
        • Blavozy
GONNARD, F. (1910) - Sur les gisements gemmifères du Velay et de la Basse Auvergne, leur distribution géographique dans ces deux régions et leurs rapports du point de vue des associations minérales qu'ils renferment: Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie, v. 33, p. 152-161.
        • Ceyssac
GIROD, M., BOUILLER, R., Notice de la carte géologique du Puy-en-Velay
GONNARD, F. (1910) - Sur les gisements gemmifères du Velay et de la Basse Auvergne, leur distribution géographique dans ces deux régions et leurs rapports du point de vue des associations minérales qu'ils renferment: Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie, v. 33, p. 152-161.
GONNARD, F. (1910) - Sur les gisements gemmifères du Velay et de la Basse Auvergne, leur distribution géographique dans ces deux régions et leurs rapports du point de vue des associations minérales qu'ils renferment: Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie, v. 33, p. 152-161.
Collected by François Périnet
        • Espaly-Saint-Marcel
GONNARD, F. (1910) - Sur les gisements gemmifères du Velay et de la Basse Auvergne, leur distribution géographique dans ces deux régions et leurs rapports du point de vue des associations minérales qu'ils renferment: Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie, v. 33, p. 152-161.
Gonnard F (1910) Sur les gisements gemmifères du Velay et de la Basse Auvergne, leur distribution géographique dans ces deux régions et leurs rapports du point de vue des associations minérales qu'ils renferment. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie 33: 152-161.
Heavy sands collected by Charles Nicolas
collected by François Périnet
GONNARD, F. (1910) - Sur les gisements gemmifères du Velay et de la Basse Auvergne, leur distribution géographique dans ces deux régions et leurs rapports du point de vue des associations minérales qu'ils renferment: Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie, v. 33, p. 152-161.
GONNARD, F. (1910) - Sur les gisements gemmifères du Velay et de la Basse Auvergne, leur distribution géographique dans ces deux régions et leurs rapports du point de vue des associations minérales qu'ils renferment: Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie, v. 33, p. 152-161.
        • Le Riou
collected by François Périnet
        • Ours
collected by François Périnet
        • Polignac
          • Aiguilhe
GONNARD, F. (1910) - Sur les gisements gemmifères du Velay et de la Basse Auvergne, leur distribution géographique dans ces deux régions et leurs rapports du point de vue des associations minérales qu'ils renferment: Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie, v. 33, p. 152-161.
GONNARD, F. (1910) - Sur les gisements gemmifères du Velay et de la Basse Auvergne, leur distribution géographique dans ces deux régions et leurs rapports du point de vue des associations minérales qu'ils renferment: Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie, v. 33, p. 152-161.
          • Chanceaux
Collected by François Périnet
GONNARD, F. (1910) - Sur les gisements gemmifères du Velay et de la Basse Auvergne, leur distribution géographique dans ces deux régions et leurs rapports du point de vue des associations minérales qu'ils renferment: Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie, v. 33, p. 152-161.
          • Rochelimagne
collected by François Périnet
Jean Brun collection
GONNARD, F. (1910) - Sur les gisements gemmifères du Velay et de la Basse Auvergne, leur distribution géographique dans ces deux régions et leurs rapports du point de vue des associations minérales qu'ils renferment: Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie, v. 33, p. 152-161.
        • Vals-près-le-Puy
collected by François Périnet
      • Loudes
        • Saint-Jean-de-Nay
Collected by François Périnet
          • Cereix
Collected by François Périnet
      • Paulhaguet
        • Frugières-le-Pin
SERVANT L. (2010) – Des saphirs dans le bassin de Paulhaguet, entre Allier et Sénouire, Haute-Loire. Le Règne Minéral n°93, pp 42-47.
        • Salzuit
      • Saint-Jean-Lachalm
        • Séjallières
collection François Périnet
      • Saint-Paulien
        • Blanzac
          • Azanières
collected by François Périnet
          • Le Moulin de Blanzac
François Périnet collection
GONNARD, F. (1910) - Sur les gisements gemmifères du Velay et de la Basse Auvergne, leur distribution géographique dans ces deux régions et leurs rapports du point de vue des associations minérales qu'ils renferment: Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie, v. 33, p. 152-161.
          • Cougeac
François Périnet collection
      • Saugues
        • Saint-Christophe-d’Allier
SIMONET C. (2000) - Géologie des gisements de saphir et de rubis – L’exemple de la John Saul Ruby Mine, Mangare, Kenya. Thèse de doctorat Université de Nantes. Première partie pp. 143-151.
    • Loire
J. Bertaux, Bull. Minéral. , 1982, 105, pp. 212-222.
      • Montbrison
Personnaly collected by Matthias Diot
      • Saint-Haon-le-Châtel
        • Renaison
SIG Mines France - Echantillon n° 0671_1421
      • Saint-Just-Saint-Rambert
Personnaly collected by Matthias Diot
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Avèze
collected by François Périnet
      • Besse-et-Saint-Anastaise
        • Chambon-sur-Lac
          • Voissière
Collected by François Périnet
        • Murol
          • Boissières
Collected by François Périnet
      • Billom
Collected by François Périnet
      • Gelles
        • La Miouze
collected by François Périnet
      • La Tour d'Auvergne
collected by François Périnet
        • Picherande
          • Chareire
collected by François Périnet
      • Labessette
        • La Vialolle
Collected by François Périnet
      • Mont-Dore
Chollet Pascal collection - collected by Françoise Marin
      • Orcines
        • Saint-Saturnin
Gaétan Bouclet collecton
      • Pontgibaud
        • Olby
          • le Glavin
collected by François Périnet
F Périnet collection
      • Rochefort-Montagne
        • Laqueuille
Collected by François Périnet
        • Le Barry
collected by François Périnet
        • Nébouzat
          • Olmont
Collected by François Périnet
        • Perpezat
collected by François Périnet
          • Jollère
collected by François Périnet
        • Vernines
collected by François Périnet
          • Ribeyre
Collected by François Périnet
      • Saint-Amant-Tallende
        • Le Vernet-Sainte-Marguerite
          • Les Arnats
collected by François Périnet
        • Saint-Sandoux
LACROIX A., (1894) – XXIV - Roches à néphélines – Zéolites et corindon du puy de Saint-Sandoux (Puy-de-Dôme)
        • Saulzet-le-Froid
collected by François Périnet
      • Singles
collected by François Périnet
        • La Guinguette
collected by François Périnet
      • Thiers
        • Dorat
Collected by François Périnet
    • Rhône
      • Villefranche
        • Chessy-les-Mines
R. De Ascenção Guedes, 2004, Les minéraux et les minéralogistes de Chessy-les-mines, Le Règne Minéral, HS IX, pp 46-84
  • Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
    • Doubs
      • Ornans
G. Kurat, F. Brandstätter, H. Palme, M. Christophe Michel-Lévy (1981). Rusty Ornans. Meteoritics 16, p. 343-344.
    • Nièvre
      • Decize
        • Avril-sur-Loire
          • La Prole
collected by Gaétan Bouclet and François Périnet
      • Fourchambault
        • Marzy
Gaëtan Bouclet collection
  • Brittany
    • Côtes-d'Armor
      • Pléneuf-Val-André
Chauris L. (1997), Les sables noirs à ilménite et magnétite de la baie de Saint-Brieuc en Bretagne septentrionale, Bull. Soc. Sc. Nat. Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 19, (2), pp. 84-95.
Chauris L. (1997), Les sables noirs à ilménite et magnétite de la baie de Saint-Brieuc en Bretagne septentrionale, Bull. Soc. Sc. Nat. Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 19, (2), pp. 84-95.
Chauris L. (1997), Les sables noirs à ilménite et magnétite de la baie de Saint-Brieuc en Bretagne septentrionale, Bull. Soc. Sc. Nat. Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 19, (2), pp. 84-95.
    • Finistère
      • Carantec
        • Callot island
Chauris L. (1982), A la recherche des placers littoraux : concentration de sables lourds sur les plages du Nord –Finistère (Massif Armoricain), 107ème congrès des sociétés savantes, Brest, sciences, fasc. III, p. 127 à 129.
Chauris L. (1982), A la recherche des placers littoraux : concentration de sables lourds sur les plages du Nord –Finistère (Massif Armoricain), 107ème congrès des sociétés savantes, Brest, sciences, fasc. III, p. 127 à 129.
Chauris L. (1982), A la recherche des placers littoraux : concentration de sables lourds sur les plages du Nord –Finistère (Massif Armoricain), 107ème congrès des sociétés savantes, Brest, sciences, fasc. III, p. 127 à 129.
Chauris L. (1982), A la recherche des placers littoraux : concentration de sables lourds sur les plages du Nord –Finistère (Massif Armoricain), 107ème congrès des sociétés savantes, Brest, sciences, fasc. III, p. 127 à 129.
Chauris L. (1982), A la recherche des placers littoraux : concentration de sables lourds sur les plages du Nord –Finistère (Massif Armoricain), 107ème congrès des sociétés savantes, Brest, sciences, fasc. III, p. 127 à 129.
      • Clohars-Carnoët
        • Langlazic
Chauris L. (1988), Les sables noirs à magnétite de l’anse du Pouldu en Bretagne Méridionale, Géologie de la France, (4), p. 29.
        • Le Pouldu
Chauris L. (1988), Les sables noirs à magnétite de l’anse du Pouldu en Bretagne Méridionale, Géologie de la France, (4), p. 29.
Chauris L. (1982), Les sables lourds des plages du Mor Bras – Introduction à l’étude des placers littoraux en Bretagne Méridionale, Bull. Soc. Sc.nat.Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 4, (1), p. 37.
      • Concarneau
collected by François Périnet
Chauris L. (1982), Les sables lourds des plages du Mor Bras – Introduction à l’étude des placers littoraux en Bretagne Méridionale, Bull. Soc. Sc.nat.Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 4, (1).
      • Guisseny
Chauris L. (1982), A la recherche des placers littoraux : concentration de sables lourds sur les plages du Nord –Finistère (Massif Armoricain), 107ème congrès des sociétés savantes, Brest, sciences, fasc. III, p. 127 à 129.
      • Kerlouan
Chauris L. (1982), A la recherche des placers littoraux : concentration de sables lourds sur les plages du Nord –Finistère (Massif Armoricain), 107ème congrès des sociétés savantes, Brest, sciences, fasc. III, p. 127 à 129.
      • Lanildut
Chauris L. (1982), A la recherche des placers littoraux : concentration de sables lourds sur les plages du Nord –Finistère (Massif Armoricain), 107ème congrès des sociétés savantes, Brest, sciences, fasc. III, p. 127 à 129.
      • Lanmeur
R.PIERROT, L. CHAURIS, C. LAFORET (1973) : "Inventaire minéralogique de la France : 29- Finistère.", B.R.G.M. Paris.
      • Le Conquet
Chauris L. (1982), A la recherche des placers littoraux : concentration de sables lourds sur les plages du Nord –Finistère (Massif Armoricain), 107ème congrès des sociétés savantes, Brest, sciences, fasc. III, p. 127 à 129.
Chauris, L. (2014): Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 116.
      • Locmaria-Plouzané
        • Trégana
Chauris L. (1982), A la recherche des placers littoraux : concentration de sables lourds sur les plages du Nord –Finistère (Massif Armoricain), 107ème congrès des sociétés savantes, Brest, sciences, fasc. III, p. 127 à 129.
      • Locquirec
        • Poul Rodou
Chauris L. (1982), A la recherche des placers littoraux : concentration de sables lourds sur les plages du Nord –Finistère (Massif Armoricain), 107ème congrès des sociétés savantes, Brest, sciences, fasc. III, p. 127 à 129.
      • Morlaix
Heavy sands collected by Marc Bassoulet - Photo and collection François Périnet.
      • Névez
collected by François Périnet
      • Plouarzel
        • Ruscumunoc
collected by François Périnet
      • Plougasnou
Chauris L. (1982), A la recherche des placers littoraux : concentration de sables lourds sur les plages du Nord –Finistère (Massif Armoricain), 107ème congrès des sociétés savantes, Brest, sciences, fasc. III, p. 127 à 129.
Chauris L. (1982), A la recherche des placers littoraux : concentration de sables lourds sur les plages du Nord –Finistère (Massif Armoricain), 107ème congrès des sociétés savantes, Brest, sciences, fasc. III, p. 127 à 129.
      • Plouguerneau
Chauris L. (1982), A la recherche des placers littoraux : concentration de sables lourds sur les plages du Nord –Finistère (Massif Armoricain), 107ème congrès des sociétés savantes, Brest, sciences, fasc. III, p. 127 à 129.
        • Lilia
Chauris L. (1982), A la recherche des placers littoraux : concentration de sables lourds sur les plages du Nord –Finistère (Massif Armoricain), 107ème congrès des sociétés savantes, Brest, sciences, fasc. III, p. 127 à 129.
      • Plourin-lès-Morlaix
Chauris, L. (2014): Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 115-116.
      • Saint-Pol-de-Léon
        • Trégondern
Chauris L. (1982), A la recherche des placers littoraux : concentration de sables lourds sur les plages du Nord –Finistère (Massif Armoricain), 107ème congrès des sociétés savantes, Brest, sciences, fasc. III, p. 127 à 129.
      • Trégourez
collected by François Périnet
    • Morbihan
      • Ambon
R. Pierrot, L. Chauris, C. Laforêt and F. Pillard : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 9 : Morbihan", BRGM, 1980.
R. Pierrot, L. Chauris, C. Laforêt and F. Pillard : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 9 : Morbihan", BRGM, 1980.
      • Belle-Ile
        • Le Palais
Chauris L. (1987), Composition minéralogique et origine des placers littoraux dans quatre îles du Morbihan, Géologie de la France, (1), p. 57.
          • Samzun
Chauris L. (1987), Composition minéralogique et origine des placers littoraux dans quatre îles du Morbihan, Géologie de la France, (1), p. 57.
        • Sauzon
Chauris L. (1987), Composition minéralogique et origine des placers littoraux dans quatre îles du Morbihan, Géologie de la France, (1), p. 57.
      • Damgan
Chauris L. (1982), Les sables lourds des plages du Mor Bras – Introduction à l’étude des placers littoraux en Bretagne Méridionale, Bull. Soc. Sc.nat.Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 4, (1), p. 18.
      • Groix Island
        • Primiture
          • Les Grands Sables
Chauris L. (1982), Les sables lourds des plages du Mor Bras – Introduction à l’étude des placers littoraux en Bretagne Méridionale, Bull. Soc. Sc.nat.Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 4, (1), p. 37.
          • Porh Morvil creek
Chauris L. (1982), Les sables lourds des plages du Mor Bras – Introduction à l’étude des placers littoraux en Bretagne Méridionale, Bull. Soc. Sc.nat.Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 4, (1), p. 37.
          • Stang Nu creek
Chauris L. (1982), Les sables lourds des plages du Mor Bras – Introduction à l’étude des placers littoraux en Bretagne Méridionale, Bull. Soc. Sc.nat.Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 4, (1), p. 37.
      • Guidel
        • Guidel-Plages
Chauris L. (1988), Les sables noirs à magnétite de l’anse du Pouldu en Bretagne Méridionale, Géologie de la France, (4), p. 29.
Chauris L. (1988), Les sables noirs à magnétite de l’anse du Pouldu en Bretagne Méridionale, Géologie de la France, (4), p. 29.
      • Larmor-Plage
Chauris L. (1988), Les sables noirs à magnétite de l’anse du Pouldu en Bretagne Méridionale, Géologie de la France, (4), p. 29.
      • Lorient
        • Port-Louis
collected by François Périnet
      • Penestin
R. Pierrot, L. Chauris, C. Laforêt and F. Pillard : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 9 : Morbihan", BRGM, 1980.
CHAURIS L. (1982) - Les sables lourds des plages du Mor Bras – Introduction à l’étude des placers littoraux en Bretagne Méridionale, Bull. Soc. Sc. nat. Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 4, (1) p. 14.
      • Ploemeur
        • Kerroc'h
Chauris L. (1988), Les sables noirs à magnétite de l’anse du Pouldu en Bretagne Méridionale, Géologie de la France, (4), p. 29.
Chauris L. (1988), Les sables noirs à magnétite de l’anse du Pouldu en Bretagne Méridionale, Géologie de la France, (4), p. 29.
        • Le Fort-Bloqué
Chauris L. (1988), Les sables noirs à magnétite de l’anse du Pouldu en Bretagne Méridionale, Géologie de la France, (4), p. 29.
      • Questembert
        • Caden
collected by François Périnet
        • Sulniac
collected by François Périnet
      • Quiberon peninsula
        • Quiberon
Chauris L. (1982), Les sables lourds des plages du Mor Bras – Introduction à l’étude des placers littoraux en Bretagne Méridionale, Bull. Soc. Sc.nat.Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 4, (1), p. 30.
Chauris L. (1982), Les sables lourds des plages du Mor Bras – Introduction à l’étude des placers littoraux en Bretagne Méridionale, Bull. Soc. Sc.nat.Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 4, (1), p. 30.
        • Saint-Pierre-Quiberon
Chauris L. (1982), Les sables lourds des plages du Mor Bras – Introduction à l’étude des placers littoraux en Bretagne Méridionale, Bull. Soc. Sc.nat.Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 4, (1), p. 30.
          • Kerhostin
Chauris L. (1982), Les sables lourds des plages du Mor Bras – Introduction à l’étude des placers littoraux en Bretagne Méridionale, Bull. Soc. Sc.nat.Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 4, (1), p. 30.
          • Portivy
Chauris L. (1988), Les sables noirs à magnétite de l’anse du Pouldu en Bretagne Méridionale, Géologie de la France, (4), p. 29.
Chauris L. (1988), Les sables noirs à magnétite de l’anse du Pouldu en Bretagne Méridionale, Géologie de la France, (4), p. 29.
      • Sarzeau
Chauris L. (1982), Les sables lourds des plages du Mor Bras – Introduction à l’étude des placers littoraux en Bretagne Méridionale, Bull. Soc. Sc.nat.Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 4, (1), p. 18.
Chauris L. (1982), Les sables lourds des plages du Mor Bras – Introduction à l’étude des placers littoraux en Bretagne Méridionale, Bull. Soc. Sc.nat.Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 4, (1), p. 18.
R. Pierrot, L. Chauris, C. Laforêt and F. Pillard : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 9 : Morbihan", BRGM, 1980.
  • Centre-Val de Loire
    • Cher
      • Cours-les-Barres
François Périnet collection
    • Eure-et-Loir
      • Voves
        • Prasville
Gaétan Bouclet collection
    • Indre-et-Loire
      • Ballan-Miré
        • Berthenay
Collected by François Périnet.
    • Loir-et-Cher
      • Herbault
        • Chouzy-sur-Cisse
Collected by François Périnet.
Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998): Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
    • Loiret
      • Gien
collected by Francois Perinet
      • Ouzouer-sur-Loire
        • Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire
Collected by François Périnet
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Sierentz
        • Kembs
Collected by François Périnet
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Charente-Maritime
      • Saint-Pierre-d'Oléron
        • Saint-Georges-d'Oléron
Collected by François Périnet
    • Gironde
      • Soulac-sur-Mer
Personnal discovery Jacques VALVERDE
    • Pyrénées-Atlantiques
      • Aramits
        • Ance
MONCHOUX P., FONTAN F., DE PARSEVAL P., MARTIN R. F., WANG R. C. (2006) - Igneous albitite dikes in orogenic lherzolithes, Western Pyrénées, France: A possible source for corundum and alkali feldspar xenocrysts in basaltic terranes. I. Mineralogical Asssociations. The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 44, pp. 817-842.
MONCHOUX P., FONTAN F., DE PARSEVAL P., MARTIN R. F., WANG R. C. (2006) - Igneous albitite dikes in orogenic lherzolithes, Western Pyrénées, France: A possible source for corundum and alkali feldspar xenocrysts in basaltic terranes. I. Mineralogical Asssociations. The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 44, pp. 817-842.
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Leucate
        • Grau de Leucate
Heavy sands collected by Christian Moreno - Collection François Périnet
    • Aveyron
      • Viala-du-Tarn
BAISSIERES D. (2010) – Ma vallée des rubis… Viala-du-Tarn, Aveyron. Le Règne Minéral n°93, pp 67-69.
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
      • La Barthe-de-Neste
        • Avezac-Prat-Lahitte
MONCHOUX P., FONTAN F., DE PARSEVAL P., MARTIN R. F., WANG R. C. (2006) - Igneous albitite dikes in orogenic lherzolithes, Western Pyrénées, France: A possible source for corundum and alkali feldspar xenocrysts in basaltic terranes. I. Mineralogical Asssociations. The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 44, pp. 817-842.
      • Saint-Pé-de-Bigorre
collected by François Périnet
    • Hérault
      • Laroque
collected by François Périnet
    • Lozère
      • Grandrieu
SIMONET C. (2000) - Géologie des gisements de saphir et de rubis – L’exemple de la John Saul Ruby Mine, Mangare, Kenya. Thèse de doctorat Université de Nantes. Première partie pp. 143-151.
      • Marvejols
BAISSIERES D. (2010) – Ma vallée des rubis… Viala-du-Tarn, Aveyron. Le Règne Minéral n°93, pp 67-69.
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Albères massif
Guitard, G. (2010): Catalogue raisonné de la collection de minéralogie régionale, C.E.R.P. de Tautavel, 103.
      • Le Barcarès
        • Port-Barcarès
Heavy sands collected by Christian Moreno - Collection François Périnet.
Heavy sands collected by Christian Moreno - Collection François Périnet.
    • Tarn-et-Garonne
      • Orgueil
Ian D. Hutcheon, Gary R. Huss, Albert J. Fahey & Gerald J. Wasserburg (1994). Extreme Mg-26 and O-17 enrichments in an Orgueil corundum: Identification of a presolar oxide grain. Astrophysical Journal, Part 2 - Letters, vol. 425, # 2, p. L97-L100.
  • Pays de la Loire
    • Loire-Atlantique
      • La Plaine-sur-Mer
Chauris L. (1987), Nature et origine des placers littoraux de l’embouchure de la Loire, Bull. Soc. Sc. Nat. Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 9, (1), p. 5.
      • Le Pallet
P. Devismes : "Atlas photographique des minéraux d'alluvions", BRGM, 1978.; Baret, Ch. (1905): Catalogue de la Collection de Minéralogie de la Loire-Inférieure, Muséum de Nantes, 90.
      • Le Pouliguen
Chauris L. (2001), Les sables grenatifères des grèves du Pouliguen (Loire-Atlantique), Bull. Soc. Sc. Nat. Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 22, (4), pp. 157-158.
      • Piriac-sur-Mer
Chauris L. (1982), Les sables lourds des plages du Mor Bras – Introduction à l’étude des placers littoraux en Bretagne Méridionale, Bull. Soc. Sc.nat.Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 4, (1), p. 9.
        • Port au Loup
Chauris L. (1982), Les sables lourds des plages du Mor Bras – Introduction à l’étude des placers littoraux en Bretagne Méridionale, Bull. Soc. Sc.nat.Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 4, (1), p. 9.
      • Saint-Brevin-les-Pins
Chauris L. (1987), Nature et origine des placers littoraux de l’embouchure de la Loire, Bull. Soc. Sc. Nat. Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 9, (1), p. 5.
Chauris L. (1987), Nature et origine des placers littoraux de l’embouchure de la Loire, Bull. Soc. Sc. Nat. Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 9, (1), p. 5.
      • Saint-Michel-Chef-Chef
Chauris L. (1987), Nature et origine des placers littoraux de l’embouchure de la Loire, Bull. Soc. Sc. Nat. Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 9, (1), p. 5.
Chauris L. (1987), Nature et origine des placers littoraux de l’embouchure de la Loire, Bull. Soc. Sc. Nat. Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 9, (1), p. 5.
      • Saint-Nazaire
Chauris L. (1987), Nature et origine des placers littoraux de l’embouchure de la Loire, Bull. Soc. Sc. Nat. Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 9, (1), p. 5.
Chauris L. (1987), Nature et origine des placers littoraux de l’embouchure de la Loire, Bull. Soc. Sc. Nat. Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 9, (1), p. 5.
        • Saint-Marc-sur-Mer
Chauris L. (1987), Nature et origine des placers littoraux de l’embouchure de la Loire, Bull. Soc. Sc. Nat. Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 9, (1), p. 5.
        • Ville-ès-Martin
Chauris L. (1987), Nature et origine des placers littoraux de l’embouchure de la Loire, Bull. Soc. Sc. Nat. Ouest de la France, nouvelle série, tome 9, (1), p. 5.
    • Vendée
      • Brétignolles-sur-Mer
Jean-Marc Johannet collection
Collected by françois Périnet
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Bouches-du-Rhône
      • Aix-en-Provence
        • Peyrolles-en-Provence
Périnet F. (2018) La Durance, Minéraux du Groupe du Platine, autres minéraux et composants lourds des alluvions. AFM - Le Cahier des Micromonteurs n°140 2-2018
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Horben
        • Holzschlägermatte
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Schenkenzell
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Kaiserstuhl
      • Bötzingen
No reference listed
      • Oberbergen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Stuttgart
      • Ostfildern
Walenta, K. (1960) Jber. u. Mitt. oberrh. geol. Ver. Vol 42 (1960): 23-53
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Arnbruck
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Bodenmais
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Untergriesbach
        • Kropfmühl-Untergriesbach graphite mining district
          • Kropfmühl
Habel, M. (2011): Neufunde aus dem östlichen Bayerischen Wald (VIII). Mineralien Welt. 22 (1),80-87
      • Vilshofen
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Lohberg
        • Schwarzeck
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Plößberg
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundorte, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Waldmünchen
        • Herzogau
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Hesse
    • Frankfurt
Blessing,C. & Pock,R. (1991). Mineralbildungen in Schlacken auf dem Gelände der ehemaligen Kupferwerke in Frankfurt/M-Heddernheim. Aufschluss, Jg.42, Nr.6, S.339-57
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Harzburg
        • Radau valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Siebengebirge
      • Bonn
Brauns, R., (1922): Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart
      • Eudenbach
      • Königswinter
Dechen, H. von (1852): Geognostische Beschreibung des Siebengebirges am Rhein, Cohen Bonn
[var: Chlorosaphir] No reference listed
Dechen, H. von (1852): Geognostische Beschreibung des Siebengebirges am Rhein, Cohen Bonn
Brauns, R., (1922): Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart
Brauns, R., (1922): Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart
Brauns, R., (1922): Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart
Brauns, R., (1922): Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart
Brauns, R., (1922): Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart
    • Siegerland
      • Neunkirchen
        • Hohenseelbachskopf
Haege, T. (1887): Die Mineralien des Siegerlandes und der angrenzenden Gebiete. 50 pp.
  • Remagen
    • Unkelbach
Brauns, R. (1922): Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweitzerbart Stuttgart
Brauns, R. (1922): Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweitzerbart Stuttgart
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Ahrweiler
      • Brohltal
        • Burgbrohl
Blass, G., Graf , HW., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (VI), MW 6/1992
        • Glees
Sandberger, Fr., Die Mineralien des Laacher Sees, Neues Jahrb. f. Min.,140-148, 1845
Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
    • Kusel
      • Altenglan
        • Rammelsbach
Lapis 33 (12), 2008, p. 7
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Andernach
        • Nickenich
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
      • Kruft
Sandberger, Fr., Die Mineralien des Lacher Sees, Neues Jahrb. f. Min.,140-148, 1845
      • Maifeld
        • Polch
          • Ochtendung
Lapis 1988(7+8), 70-72
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
Von Dechen, H. (1864) Geognostischer Führer zum Laacher See und seiner vulkanischen Umgebung, Cohen Bonn.; Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
Hentschel, G. (1987): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise (München), 2. Auflage
      • Mendig
Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
        • Bell
Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch, U., Neue Funde aus der Vulkaneifel - ein Rückblick auf die Sammelsaison 2002, Mineralien-Welt 13/5, 2003
        • Niedermendig
Sandberger, Fr., Die Mineralien des Laacher Sees, Neues Jahrb. f. Min., 1845, 140-148, 1845
Sandberger, Fr., Die Mineralien des Lacher Sees Neues Jahrb. f. Min., 140-148, 1845
          • Wingertsberg
Sandberger, Fr., Die Mineralien des Lacher Sees , Neues Jahrb. f. Min., 1845, 140-148, 1845
        • Wingertsberg
collection C.&H. Schäfer
    • Vulkaneifel
      • Daun
        • Brück
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
        • Dreis
Frechen, J., Kristallisation, Mineralbestand, Mineralchemismus und Förderfolge der Mafitite vom Dreiser Weiher in der Eifel, N. Jb. Min., Mh., 205-225, 1963
        • Oberstadtfeld
Leu, K., Der Vulkanabbau "Auf´m Kopp" bei Oberstadtfeld in der Westeifel, Lapis 2/1995
        • Üdersdorf
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Guth, G., Interessante Neufunde für den Basaltbruch Liley (Löley) bei Üdersdorf in der Westeifel Mineralien-Welt 2/2000
      • Gerolstein
        • Rockeskyll
          • Rockeskyll volcanic complex
El-Kaluoby, B., Mineralbestand und Gefüge vulkanischer Glimmerschiefer-Auswürflinge des Kyller Kopfes, Westeifel, Diss., Rhein. Fried.-Wilh.-Universität, Bonn, 1981
        • Roth
Blaß, G. & Schüller, W. (2012): Der Rother Kopf in der Vulkaneifel. Lapis, 37 (3), 20-29.
      • Kelberg
        • Drees
Schüller, W., Die Mineralien des Niveligsberges bei Drees in der Eifel, Der Aufschluß SB 33, 1990
        • Müllenbach
Vogelsang, K.:Trachyte und Basalte der Eifel, Dissertation Universität Leipzig, 1890
    • Wehr
Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
    • Westerwald
      • Linz am Rhein
        • Obererl (Ehl)
Brauns, R. (1922): Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweitzerbart Stuttgart
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Blankenburg
Koch (1886): Die Kersantite des Unterharzes. Jahrbuch der deutschen geologischen Landesanstalt und Bergakademie, 44 pp.
  • Saxony
    • Bautzen
      • Sohland an der Spree
Lange, Tischendorf, Krause - Minerale der Oberlausitz
    • Erzgebirge District
      • Aue
        • Bockau District
          • Ochsenkopf
Baumann, L., Kuschka, E., and Seifert, T. (2000): Lagerstätten des Erzgebirges. Enke (Stuttgart), pp. 229-234.
Baumann, L., Kuschka, E., and Seifert, T. (2000): Lagerstätten des Erzgebirges. Enke (Stuttgart), pp. 229-234.
Lapis 30(7/8):78-80 (2005)
    • Mittelsachsen
      • Döbeln
        • Waldheim
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge
      • Sebnitz
        • Hinterhermsdorf
H. Vollstädt, R. Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd. ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Elmshorn
      • Barmstedt
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
    • Schleswig
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
Greece
 
  • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
    • Kykládes Prefecture
      • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
Markl, G. & Scharlau, A. (2008): Große Saphire, Margarit und Tremolit aus den Smirgelgruben auf Naxos, Griechenland. Lapis 33 (12), 26-28; 33-35; 58 (in German).
various photographs
          • Drimalia
Rocks & Min.: 23: 124; Bureau of Mines Mineral Trade Notes (Sep, 1947).
    • Sámos Prefecture
      • Sámos Island
        • Kerketeas Mt (Kerkis Mt)
Ockenga, E., Yalçin, Ü., Medenbach, O., and Schreyer, W. (1998) Zincohögbomite, a new mineral from eastern Aegean metabauxites. European Journal of Mineralogy: 10: 1361-1366.; Jambor, J.L., Pertsev, N.N., and Roberts, A.C. (1999) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 84: 1195-1198.
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium; Lavreotiki Municipality)
Hanke, H. (1996): Neues aus Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt, 7 (1), 54-56.
  • Macedonia Department
    • Dráma Prefecture
Christos Spiromitros collected specimens.
Wang et al. (2017), The Origin of a new Pargasite-Schist Hosted Ruby Deposit from Paranesti, Northern Greece. The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 55, pp. 535-560.
  • North Aegean Department
https://www.visitikaria.gr/en/ikaria/geography-geology.; Iliopoulos, I. and Katagas, C. (2004) Corundum bearing metabauxites from Ikaria Island (Greece): mineralogy and geochemistry. 10th G.S.G. Congress, 15‐17 April 2004, Thessaloniki, Greece (abstract).
  • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
    • Komotini Prefecture (Rodopi; Rhodope)
      • Thermes
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1994, 6, pp. 733-738.
    • Xánthi Prefecture
      • Kassiteres-Sapes area
Voudouris, P. C. (2014): Hydrothermal corundum, topaz, diaspore and alunite supergroup minerals in the advanced argillic alteration lithocap of the Kassiteres-Sapes porphyry-epithermal system, western Thrace, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen 191, 117-136.
Voudouris, P. C. (2014): Hydrothermal corundum, topaz, diaspore and alunite supergroup minerals in the advanced argillic alteration lithocap of the Kassiteres-Sapes porphyry-epithermal system, western Thrace, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen 191, 117-136.
Hungary
 
  • Pest Co.
    • Börzsöny Mts
      • Kóspallag
      • Nagybörzsöny (Deutsch Pilsen; Deutschpilsen)
      • Szob
Szakáll-Gatter-Szendrei: Mineral species of Hungary 2005
      • Szokolya
      • Verőce
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
    • Pilis Mts
      • Pilisszentlászló
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
      • Pomáz
    • Szentendre
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
  • Veszprém Co.
    • Balaton Uplands
      • Bazsi
        • Prága Hill
KOVÁCS-PÁLFFY, P. et al. (2005): A Karikás-tető (Prága-hegy, Balaton-felvidék) bazaltjának üregkitöltő ásványai [The cavity filling minerals of the basalt from Karikás-tető (Prága Hill, Balaton Highland, Transdanubia)]. A Magyar Állami Földtani Intézet Évi Jelentése, 95-118. [http://www.mafi.hu/microsites/EJ_digi/EJ_2005PDF/Kovacs_Palffy.pdf]
USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
India
Pearl, 1964. Gems, Minerals, Crystals & Ores
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Anantapur District
specimen in the collection of Rock Currier
    • Visakhapatnam District
      • Eastern Ghats Belt
Grew, E.S. (1983) A grandidierite-sapphirine association from India. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 344, 401-403.
Rob Lavinsky
  • Jammu and Kashmir
    • Pádar
Tom D. La Touche (1890): The sapphire mines of Kashmir, palagems.com reprinted from Records of the geological survey of India Vol 23, pt2, pp 59-69.
  • Jharkhand
    • Hazaribagh District
Handbook of Mineralogy; Miyashiro, A. and T. Iiyama (1954) A preliminary note on a new mineral, indialite, polymorphic with cordierite. Proceedings of the Japan Academy: 30: 746-751.
  • Karnataka
    • Dakshina Kannada District (South Kanara; South Canara)
specimen in the collection of Rock Currier
    • Kodagu District (Coorg District)
http://www.conventus.de/fileadmin/media/2012/mm7/Poster/PS1-P04_R.Schumacher.pdf
W. F. Smeeth and P. Sampat Iyengar (1916) Mineral Resources of Mysore. Mysore (India : State). Dept. of Mines and Geology Bulletin 7
JSS collection
www.mpgovt.nic.in/mineralresources/
Choi, B.-G., Huss, G. R. & Wasserburg, G. J. (1998) Presolar Corundum and Spinel from the Bishunpur and Semarkona Ordinary Chondrites. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXIX, abstract no. 1898.; Srinivasan, G., Russell, S.S., MacPherson, G.J., Huss, G.R. & Wasserburg, G. J. (1996) New Evidence for 26Al in CAI and Chondrules from Type 3 Ordinary Chondrites: Lunar and Planetary Science 27: 1257-1258.
  • Meghalaya
Richard M. Pearl: "Minerals of India", Mineral Digest, vol. 2.
    • West Khasi Hills
Golani, P. R. (1989). Sillimanite-corundum deposits of Sonapahar, Meghalaya, India: a metamorphosed Precambrian paleosol. Precambrian research, 43(3), 175-189.
  • Odisha (Orissa)
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
  • Tamil Nadu
various added photos
GSA Bulletin; March 1956; v. 67; no. 3; p. 317-390; Econ Geol. (1995) 90:255-270
    • Tiruchirapalli District
      • Ellammankovilpatti
Balasubrahmanyan, M. N., 1965, Note on Kornerupine from Ellammankovilpatti, Madras, India, Mineralogical Magazine, v. 34, p. 662-664.
  • Uttar Pradesh
Krestina, N., Hsu, W., Wasserburg, G.J. (2002) Circumstellar oxide grains in ordinary chondrites and their origin (abstract). Lunar Planet. Sci. 33: pdf.1425.
Indonesia
 
  • Kalimantan (Borneo)
    • South Kalimantan Province
      • Banjar
      • Riam Kanan
Monument, A. T., & Province, A. GEOHERITAGE OF SUMATERA. Front cover photograph:-Granite at Low’s Peak, Kinabalu Mountain, Malaysia. Back cover photographs:-(anti-clockwise from top left) 1. Peak clusters at Yuntaishan Geopark, China. 2. Merapi Volcano, Indonesia. 3. Columnar basalts at San-in Coast, Japan., 61.; White, L. T., Graham, I., Tanner, D., Hall, R., Armstrong, R. A., Yaxley, G., ... & van Leeuwen, T. M. (2016). The provenance of Borneo's enigmatic alluvial diamonds: A case study from Cempaka, SE Kalimantan. Gondwana Research, 38, 251-272.
  • Sulawesi (Celebes)
    • Gorontalo Province
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Ireland
 
  • Co. Galway
    • Connemara
      • Toombeola
Duncan McKie (1963) The Högbomite Polytypes. Mineralogical Magazine vol. 33, n° 262, 563-580.; Embrey, P.G. (1978) Fourth Supplementary List of British Minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 42, n° 322, 169-177.
  • Co. Wicklow
    • Croghan Kinshela Mountain
Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634
Israel
 
  • Haifa District
Howard Coopersmith, Vered Toledo, John Ward, Michiel De Wit, R Spaggiari, Emmanuel Fritsch: "Geology and Exploration of Gem Deposits at Mt. Carmel, Northern Israel: Natural Moissanite, Sapphire, Ruby & Diamond."
Xiong, Q., Griffin, W.L., Huang, J.-X., Gain, S.E.M., Toledo, V., Pearson, N.J., O'Reilly, S.Y. (2017) Super-reduced mineral assemblages in “ophiolitic” chromitites and peridotites: the view from Mount Carmel. European Journal of Mineralogy: 29 (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=13731 (2017)
  • Negev
Vapnik, Y., Sokol, E., Murashko M., Sharygin V. (2006): The enigma of Hatrurim. Mineralogical Almanac, 10, 69-77.
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Valtournanche Valley
      • Torgnon
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
        • Monte Somma
          • Ercolano
            • San Vito
Russo, M., Campostrini, I. & Castellano, F. (2009). Nuovo ritrovamento di corindone al Monte Somma. MICRO (notizie mineralogiche), 2/2009, 177-178.
        • Mt Vesuvius
Balassone, G., Franco, E., Mattia, C.A., Puliti, R. (2004): Indialite in xenolithic rocks from Somma-Vesuvius volcano (Southern Italy): crystal chemistry and petrogenetic features, American Mineralogist 89: 1-6
  • Emilia-Romagna
    • Ferrara Province
      • Vigarano Mainarda
        • Vigarano Pieve
Maruyama, S., Kunihiro, T., Nakamura, E. (2008) A hercynite-rich inclusion in the Vigarano CV3 chondrite. 71st Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, held July 28-August 1, 2008 in Matsue, Japan. Meteoritics & Planetary Science Supplement, Vol. 43, paper id. 5183.
  • Latium
    • Rome Province
      • Alban Hills
        • Marino
van Bergen, M.J. (1980): Grandidierite from aluminous metasedimentary xenoliths within acid volcanics, a first record in Italy. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 651-658.
    • Viterbo Province
      • Vico volcanic complex (Vico Lake)
No reference listed
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
      • Varazze
Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valchiavenna
Romeo Tam collection
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
          • Chiesa in Valmalenco
Guastoni, A. & Demartin F. (2005): Corindone blu. Un nuovo ritrovamento in alta Val Sissone (SO). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2005, 250-251.
  • Piedmont
    • Biella Province
      • Séssera Valley
        • Trivero
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
      • Veglio
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    • Cuneo Province
[MinRec 27:303]
      • Varaita Valley
        • Brossasco
European Journal of Mineralogy (2003), 15, 167-176
    • Torino Province
      • Canavese District
        • Chiusella Valley
          • Traversella
Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo, (10), 1-54.
        • Orco Valley
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
            • Piantonetto Valley
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Different Municipalities
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
      • Ossola Valley
        • Antigorio Valley
          • Crodo
Roggiani A.G. (1975): Ossola minerale. Estratto da “Novara”, Bimestrale edito dalla Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato e Agricoltura di Novara, n°3, Tipogr. S. Gaudenzio, Novara, 112 pp.; Mattioli V. (1979): Minerali Ossolani. Ed. Arti Grafiche Medesi, Milano, 268 pp.
        • Crevoladossola
Lapis, 20 (10), 15-23+86.
        • Mergozzo
Boriani A., Burlini L., Caironi V., Giobbi Origoni E., Sassi A., Sesana E. (1988): Geological and petrological studies on the hercynian plutonism of Serie dei Laghi - geological map of its occurrence between Valsesia and Lago Maggiore (N-Italy). Rend. Soc. Ital. Miner. Petrol., 43, 2, 367-384.
        • Vigezzo Valley
Roggiani A.G. (1968) - Corindone in un gneiss fengitico di "Cappella del Group" in territorio di Malesco (Valle Vigezzo-Ossola). Periodico di mineralogia – Roma, pp. 661-664. and AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    • Vercelli Province
      • Sesia Valley
        • Mastallone Valley
          • Sabbia
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
        • Scopello
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
        • Varallo Sesia
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
  • Sicily Channel (Sicilian Channel; Strait of Sicily)
Rotolo, S.G., Castorina, F., Cellura, D., Pompilio, M. (2006): Petrology and geochemistry of submarine volcanism in the Sicily Channel Rift. J. Geol., 114, 3, 355-365.
  • Tuscany
    • Pisa Province
      • Pomarance
        • Larderello
Econ Geol (1990) 85:1236-1251
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Lugo di Vicenza
Panebianco R. (1886-87): Berillo e altre gemme di Lonedo. Atti R. Ist. Ven. Sci. Lett. Arti, ser. 6, 5, 387-396; Boscardin M., Girardi A., Violati Tescari O. (1975): Minerali nel Vicentino. Club Alpino Italiano, Sezione di Vicenza, 144 pp.; Boscardin M., Violati Tescari O. (1996): Gemme del Vicentino. Comune di Montecchio Maggiore, Museo Civico "G. Zannato", Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), 114 pp.; Zordan A. (2014): Provincia di Vicenza. In: Zorzi F., Boscardin M. (eds.), Minerali del Veneto. Alla scoperta dei tesori della nostra regione. Museo di Storia Naturale e Archeologia di Montebelluna - Treviso, Cierre Edizioni, Sommacampagna, 173-246.
      • Valdagno
        • Novale
          • Contrada Rossati di Sotto
Boscardin M., Violati Tescari O. (1996): Gemme del Vicentino. Comune di Montecchio Maggiore, Museo Civico "G. Zannato", Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), 114 pp.; Castagna R. (1999): Zircone e almandino di Novale. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 23, 2 (2-1999), 113-114; Boscardin M., Daleffe A., Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011): Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni. Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato”, Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), 183 pp. ; Zordan A. (2014): Provincia di Vicenza. In: Zorzi F., Boscardin M. (eds.), Minerali del Veneto. Alla scoperta dei tesori della nostra regione. Museo di Storia Naturale e Archeologia di Montebelluna - Treviso, Cierre Edizioni, Sommacampagna, 173-246.
Japan
 
  • Chugoku Region
    • Shimane Prefecture
      • Oki Islands
        • Dohgo Island
Osakabe, T. & Suzuki, M. (1983) Note on the graphite-free corundum-K feldspar gneiss in the Hida metamorphic belt, central Japan. Journal of Science of the Hiroshima University, ser. C, 8, #1, 31-42.
  • Hokkaido
    • Hidaka Province
      • Samani-gun
        • Samani-cho
          • Horoman peridotite body
T. Morishita and S. Arai, Journal of Petrology, 2001, V 42, N 7, pp. 1279-1299.
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
        • Hida City
          • Kawai-cho-hane
Osakabe, T. & Suzuki, M. (1983) Note on the graphite-free corundum-K feldspar gneiss in the Hida metamorphic belt, central Japan. Journal of Science of the Hiroshima University, ser. C, 8, #1, 31-42.
          • Kawai-cho-tsukigase
Osakabe, T. & Suzuki, M. (1983) Note on the graphite-free corundum-K feldspar gneiss in the Hida metamorphic belt, central Japan. Journal of Science of the Hiroshima University, ser. C, 8, #1, 31-42.
        • Nakatsugawa City
Geological Survey of Japan (1960)
Chishitsu Chousajo (1902)
Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
      • Nagano prefecture
        • Kiso-gun
          • Nagiso
Chishitsu Chousajo (1902)
      • Niigata Prefecture
        • Itoigawa City
Fossa Magna Museum specimens, Itoigawa City
      • Shizuoka prefecture
        • Shimada City
Analyses by Dr Hideki Masago, JAMSTEC.
      • Toyama Prefecture
        • Nanto City
Osakabe, T. & Suzuki, M. (1983) Note on the graphite-free corundum-K feldspar gneiss in the Hida metamorphic belt, central Japan. Journal of Science of the Hiroshima University, ser. C, 8, #1, 31-42.
        • Toyama City
          • Oyama
            • Wada river
Osakabe, T. & Suzuki, M. (1983) Note on the graphite-free corundum-K feldspar gneiss in the Hida metamorphic belt, central Japan. Journal of Science of the Hiroshima University, ser. C, 8, #1, 31-42.
    • Chugoku region
      • Hiroshima prefecture
        • Kamo-gun
Higashi, S. (1982). Tobelite, a new ammonium dioctahedral mica. Mineralogical Journal, 11(3), 138-146.
Dr. Yohachiro Okamoto collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Kanto Region
      • Gunma Prefecture
Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
      • Ibaraki Prefecture
        • Kita-Ibaraki
Takahata, Hiroyuki; Uchiyama, Koji (1985) Dumortierite-Bearing Argillaceous Gneisses from the Abukuma Metamorphic Terrain, Northeast Japan. Jour. Fac. Sci., Hokkaido Univ., Ser. IV, vol. 21, no. 3, Aug. 1985. pp. 465-481.
      • Tochigi Prefecture
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Kinki Region
      • Kyoto Prefecture
        • Fukuchiyama
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
      • Nara Prefecture
        • Kashiba City
Masutomi Museum specimen (Kyoto)
        • Yoshino-gun
          • Tenkawa village
Murata, M. (1982) Journal of the Japan Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 77, 267-277.
    • Tohoku Region
      • Fukushima Prefecture
Introduction to Japanese Minerals (Geological Survey of Japan, 1970)
          • Tamagawa
Komuro collection
        • Koriyama
Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
        • Mt Uzumine (Utsumine)
Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 33.
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Higashiiwai-gun
          • Daitoh
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Tono City
          • Miyamori
Seki, Y., and Yamasaki, M. (1957): American Mineralogist 42, 506-520.
  • Kyushu Region
    • Fukuoka prefecture
      • Tagawa-gun
        • Kawasaki
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Kumamoto Prefecture
      • Uki City
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Nagasaki Prefecture
      • Gotoh archipelago
        • Fukue island (Fukuejima)
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Nansei Archipelago
      • Okinawa Prefecture
        • Senkaku Islands (Diaoyudao Islands; Diaoyutai Islands)
Ouroboros - www.um.u-tokyo.ac.jp/museum/ouroboros/01_03/diaoyudaoite.html
    • Oita prefecture
      • Saiki City
Masutomi Museum specimens
  • Shikoku Island
    • Kagawa Prefecture
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karaganda
    • Balqash (Balkhash)
      • Kounrad Massif
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    • Bukhar-Zhyrau District
Pavel M. Kartashov data
    • Karazhal
      • Betpakdala Desert (Bet-Pak-Dal Desert)
        • Kara-Oba W deposit
Shpanov, Y. P., Sidorenko, G. A., & Stolyarova, T. I. (1971). Akdalaite, a new hydrated variety of alumina. International Geology Review, 13(5), 675-680.
  • North Kazakhstan Region
Kenya
 
  • Kiambu County
Bulletin of the Imperial Institute - Geology and Mineral Resources of Kenya (1948) p297
  • Makueni County
Simonet, C., Paquette, J.L., Pin, C., Lasnier, B., Fritsch, E. (2004) The Dusi (Garba Tula) sapphire deposit, Central Kenya - a unique Pan-African corundum-bearing monzonite. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 38:4, 401-410.
  • Taita-Taveta County
Mercier A., Debat P. & Saul J.M. (1999): Exotic origin of the ruby deposits of the Mangari area in SE Kenya. Ore Geology Reviews, 14, 83-104.
Mercier A., Debat P. & Saul J.M. (1999): Exotic origin of the ruby deposits of the Mangari area in SE Kenya. Ore Geology Reviews, 14, 83-104.
      • Tsavo West
Alexander G. Levitski, David H.R. Sims, Surface geochemical techniques in gemstone exploration at the Rockland Ruby Mine, Mangare area, SE Kenya, Journal of Geochemical Exploration, Volume 59, Issue 2, June 1997, Pages 87-98,
A. Mercier, P. Debat, John M. Saul, Exotic origin of the ruby deposits of the Mangari area in SE Kenya, Ore Geology Reviews, Volume 14, Issue 2, March 1999, Pages 83-104,
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Issyk-Kul Oblast (Ysyk-Köl Oblast)
  • Naryn Oblast
E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 63
Laos
 
  • Bokeo Province
    • Huay Xai
Sutherland, F.L., Bosshart, G., Fanning, C.M., Hoskind, P.W.O., and Coenraads, R.R. (2002): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 20(7), 841-849.; http://gemexplorer.org/archives/sapphire-laos; Giuliani, G., Fallick, A., Rakotondrazafy, M., Ohnenstetter, D., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., ... & Ralison, B. (2007). Oxygen isotope systematics of gem corundum deposits in Madagascar: relevance for their geological origin. Mineralium Deposita, 42(3), 251-270.
Madagascar
 
  • Antananarivo Province
    • Bongolava Region
      • Tsiroanomandidy District
Michel Arliguie collection & photo (photo id 899363 ), old collection
    • Vakinankaratra Region
      • Antanifotsy District
        • Antsampandrano Commune
Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. p 250-251
      • Antsirabe II District
        • Ambohitsimanova Commune
Giuliani, G., Fallick, A., Rakotondrazafy, M., Ohnenstetter, D., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Rakotosamizanany, S., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., Mercier, A., Ratrimo, V., and Ralison, B. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 251-270.
Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. p 251
        • Soanindrariny Commune
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-1514
Ungemach, M.H. (1916) Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Bulletin de la Société française de minéralogie. 39: 5-38
Knut Edvard Larsen collection (Micro # 950)
      • Faratsiho District
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive
  • Antsiranana Province
    • Diana Region (Northern Region)
      • Ambanja District
        • Antsirabe Commune
          • Antsahalapata Valley
Wolfgang Hampel (site visit 4 September 2011)
        • Djangoa Commune
          • Andamby
Wolfgang Hampel (site visit 28 August 2011)
      • Antsiranana II District
Schwarz, D., Kanis, J. and Schmetzer, K. (2000): Sapphires from Antsiranana Province, Northern Madagascar. Gems & Gemology 36 (3): 216-233
  • Fianarantsoa Province
    • Haute Matsiatra Region
      • Ambalavao District
        • Miarinarivo Commune
Giuliani, G., Fallick, A., Rakotondrazafy, M., Ohnenstetter, D., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Rakotosamizanany, S., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., Mercier, A., Ratrimo, V., and Ralison, B. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 251-270.
      • Ikalamavony District
        • Ikalamavony Commune
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p.30
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
    • Ihorombe Region
      • Iakora District
        • Ranotsara Nord Commune
Pezzotta, F. (2006): New Gem localities in Madagascar. 2006 Gemmological Research Conference. Gem & Gemology, Fall 2006, p.116
      • Ihosy District
        • Analaliry Commune
Rakotonandrasana, N. O. T., Arima, M., Miyawaki, R. & Rambeloson, R.A. (2010): Widespread Occurrences of Högbomite-2N2S in UHT Metapelites from the Betroka Belt, Southern Madagascar: Implications on Melt or Fluid Activity during Regional Metamorphism. Journal of Petrology: 51 (4):869–895
Rakotonandrasana, N. O. T., Arima, M., Miyawaki, R. & Rambeloson, R.A. (2010): Widespread Occurrences of Högbomite-2N2S in UHT Metapelites from the Betroka Belt, Southern Madagascar: Implications on Melt or Fluid Activity during Regional Metamorphism. Journal of Petrology: 51 (4):869–895
Rakotonandrasana, N. O. T., Arima, M., Miyawaki, R. & Rambeloson, R.A. (2010): Widespread Occurrences of Högbomite-2N2S in UHT Metapelites from the Betroka Belt, Southern Madagascar: Implications on Melt or Fluid Activity during Regional Metamorphism. Journal of Petrology: 51 (4):869–895
        • Ankily Commune
Rakotonandrasana, N. O. T., Arima, M., Miyawaki, R. & Rambeloson, R.A. (2010): Widespread Occurrences of Högbomite-2N2S in UHT Metapelites from the Betroka Belt, Southern Madagascar: Implications on Melt or Fluid Activity during Regional Metamorphism. Journal of Petrology: 51 (4):869–895
        • Ilakaka Commune
Schmetzer, K.(1999): Rubine und verschiedenfarbige Saphire aus Ilakaka, Madagaskar. Lapis 24(6), 46-47
Gem News.Gems & Gemmology 39 (3): 222-249
http://www.gggems.com/special_ilakaka.htm
        • Irina Commune
Rakotonandrasana, N. O. T., Arima, M., Miyawaki, R. & Rambeloson, R.A. (2010): Widespread Occurrences of Högbomite-2N2S in UHT Metapelites from the Betroka Belt, Southern Madagascar: Implications on Melt or Fluid Activity during Regional Metamorphism. Journal of Petrology: 51 (4):869–895
        • Mahasoa Commune
B. Devouard et al. : "Occurrence of musgravite in anorthite-corundum-spinel-sapphirine rocks ("sakenites") from South Madagascar : Evidence for a high-grade metasomatic event". 18th General Meeting of the IMA, Sept. 2002, Edinburgh, Scotland.
Giuliani, G., Fallick, A., Rakotondrazafy, M., Ohnenstetter, D., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Rakotosamizanany, S., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., Mercier, A., Ratrimo, V., and Ralison, B. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 251-270.
        • Sahambano Commune
          • Bemiray
Goujou, J.C. (2005) : Etude géologique (pétro-structurale) et minéralogique des zones de Sahambano, Mosalahy, Befanova, Manivala, Zazafotsy, Ranotsara, Iakora–Madagascar. Rapport [http://fonjatany-mth.com/pdf/etudes/rapport_jcg_consult.pdf]
Giuliani, G., Fallick, A., Rakotondrazafy, M., Ohnenstetter, D., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Rakotosamizanany, S., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., Mercier, A., Ratrimo, V., and Ralison, B. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 251-270.
Goujou, J.C. (2005) : Etude géologique (pétro-structurale) et minéralogique des zones de Sahambano, Mosalahy, Befanova, Manivala, Zazafotsy, Ranotsara, Iakora–Madagascar. Rapport [http://fonjatany-mth.com/pdf/etudes/rapport_jcg_consult.pdf]
Goujou, J.C. (2005): Inventaire minéralogique des zones prospectées:Sahambano-Mosalahy-Befanova-Manivala, y compris les secteurs méridionaux visités lors de la 2ème mission de terrain Ranotsara, Iakora. Rapport [http://fonjatany-mth.com/pdf/etudes/annexes_rapport.pdf]
Goujou, J.C. (2005) : Etude géologique (pétro-structurale) et minéralogique des zones de Sahambano, Mosalahy, Befanova, Manivala, Zazafotsy, Ranotsara, Iakora–Madagascar. Rapport [http://fonjatany-mth.com/pdf/etudes/rapport_jcg_consult.pdf]
        • Soamatasy Commune
Rakotonandrasana, N. O. T., Arima, M., Miyawaki, R. & Rambeloson, R.A. (2010): Widespread Occurrences of Högbomite-2N2S in UHT Metapelites from the Betroka Belt, Southern Madagascar: Implications on Melt or Fluid Activity during Regional Metamorphism. Journal of Petrology: 51 (4):869–895
Rakotonandrasana, N. O. T., Arima, M., Miyawaki, R. & Rambeloson, R.A. (2010): Widespread Occurrences of Högbomite-2N2S in UHT Metapelites from the Betroka Belt, Southern Madagascar: Implications on Melt or Fluid Activity during Regional Metamorphism. Journal of Petrology: 51 (4):869–895
        • Zazafotsy Commune
Pezzotta F. (2005): Rubini e zaffiri. Corindoni policromi di Amboarohy, Ihosy, Madagascar. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana,30 (2): 116-124
  • Mahajanga Province (Majunga)
    • Sofia Region
      • Mandritsara District
Knut Edvard Larsen collection
  • Toamasina Province (Tamatave)
    • Alaotra-Mangoro Region
      • Ambatondrazaka District
        • Didy Commune
Giuliani, G., Fallick, A., Rakotondrazafy, M., Ohnenstetter, D., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Rakotosamizanany, S., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., Mercier, A., Ratrimo, V., and Ralison, B. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 251-270.
        • Manakambahiny Est Commune
Basel, Switzerland: March 29, 2017 Kashmir-like' sapphires from Madagascar entering the gem trade in large sizes and quantities By Dr. Michael S. Krzemnicki, SSEF , Swiss Gemmological Institute Trade Alert.
      • Moramanga District
        • Beforona Commune
Ungemach, M.H. (1916) Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Bulletin de la Société française de minéralogie. 39: 5-38
.Besaire, H. (1966): Gites mineraux de Madagascar. Annales Geologique de Madagascar, Tananarive, Fascicule XXXIV, p 137
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
        • Mt. Fody
Ungemach, M.H. (1916) Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Bulletin de la Société française de minéralogie. 39: 5-38
    • Analanjirofo Region
Collection Musée National de la Geologie at Ampandrianomby in Antananarivo, Madagascar. Inventory # 16650
        • Saranambana Commune
Giuliani, G., Fallick, A., Rakotondrazafy, M., Ohnenstetter, D., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Rakotosamizanany, S., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., Mercier, A., Ratrimo, V., and Ralison, B. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 251-270.
T.R.Yager: The Mineral Industry of Madagascar. US.Geological Survey Yearbook 2001, 201-204.
      • Vavatenina District
        • Ambodimangavalo Commune
Pardieu, V., Sangsawong, S. and Stanislas Detroyat (2015) Rubies from a New Deposit in Zahamena National Park, Madagascar, Gems & Gemology: Winter 2015, 51 (4).
    • Atsinanana Region
      • Toamasina II District
        • Antetezambaro Commune
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
        • Toamasina Suburbaine Commune
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
      • Vatomandry District
Giuliani, G., Fallick, A., Rakotondrazafy, M., Ohnenstetter, D., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., ... & Ralison, B. (2007). Oxygen isotope systematics of gem corundum deposits in Madagascar: relevance for their geological origin. Mineralium Deposita, 42(3), 251-270.
  • Tuléar Province (Toliara)
    • Androy Region
      • Ambovombe-Androy District
        • Antanimora Sud Commune
Knut Edvard Larsen collection
        • Imanombo Commune
Ackermand, D., Windley, B. F. & Razafiniparany, A. .H. (1991): Kornerupine breakdown reactions in paragneisses from southern Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine 55: 71-80
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # M-113
      • Beloha District
        • Behabobo Commune
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # M-19
    • Anosy Region (Fort Dauphin Region)
      • Amboasary Sud District
        • Maromby Commune
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Arliguie M. photo and collection
Wolfgang Hampel, site visit 13 August 2005
          • Belafa area
Hampel, W. (2006): Interim Report on the Stream Sediment Survey in SE Madagascar .- Projet Cartosud (World Bank) for GAF AG & BGR, 17 pages, 5 annexes
          • Esiva
Handbook of Mineralogy; Curien H, Guillemin C, Orcel J, Sternberg M (1956) La hibonite, nouvelle espèce minérale. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences 242, 2845-2847
        • Tranomaro Commune
          • Ambindandrakemba
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Delbos, L. (1955): Note sur le gisement d'un mineral nouveau " la hibonite" de' l'Androy Mandrareen" in Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1955, Tananarivo.143-144
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive
Schwab, P-N. (1997): Informations Minéralogiques, Géologiques et Paléontologiques. Munich 1997-21-22-23 novembre 1997. La Mecque annuelle de la minéralogie européene. La Règne Minéral 19, 49-54 [A short note one a find of hibonite at Andrakaholo p. 52]
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Rakotondrazafy, A.F.M., Fallick, A.E., Rakotosamizanany, S., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Razanatsehena, M., Dunaigre, C. and Schwartz, D. (2009) Les gisements de corindon gemmes de Madagascar. Revue de Gemmologie 159 (Mars 2009): 14-28
Martins da Pedra photo
Delbos, L. (1955): Note sur le gisement d'un mineral nouveau " la hibonite" de' l'Androy Mandrareen" in Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1955, Tananarivo.143-144
M Arliguie specimen & photo
        • Bekorobo Commune
Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. p. 323
        • Ianabinda Commune
Rakotondrazafy, A.F.M., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Rakotosamizanany, S., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Maluski, H., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., and Ratrimo, V. (2008): Gem corundum deposits of Madagascar: A review. Ore Geology Reviews 34, 134-154.
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
        • Isoanala Commune
Giuliani, G., Fallick, A., Rakotondrazafy, M., Ohnenstetter, D., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Rakotosamizanany, S., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., Mercier, A., Ratrimo, V., and Ralison, B. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 251-270.
        • Jangany Commune
Rakotonandrasana, N. O. T., Arima, M., Miyawaki, R. & Rambeloson, R.A. (2010): Widespread Occurrences of Högbomite-2N2S in UHT Metapelites from the Betroka Belt, Southern Madagascar: Implications on Melt or Fluid Activity during Regional Metamorphism. Journal of Petrology: 51 (4):869–895
        • Mahasoa Est Commune
Vry, J.K., Brown, P. E., Valley, J. W. (1990): Cordierite volatile content and the role of CO2 in high-grade metamorphism. American Mineralogist. 75: 71-88
Giuliani, G., Fallick, A., Rakotondrazafy, M., Ohnenstetter, D., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Rakotosamizanany, S., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., Mercier, A., Ratrimo, V., and Ralison, B. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 251-270.
    • Atsimo-Andrefana Region
Collection Arliguie M (old label)
        • Ejeda Commune
Giuliani, G., Fallick, A., Rakotondrazafy, M., Ohnenstetter, D., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Rakotosamizanany, S., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., Mercier, A., Ratrimo, V., and Ralison, B. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 251-270.
Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p (p.573-4)
        • Fotadrevo Commune
          • Anavoha South
Schwab, P-N. (1997): Informations Minéralogiques, Géologiques et Paléontologiques. Munich 1997-21-22-23 novembre 1997. La Mecque annuelle de la minéralogie européene. La Règne Minéral 19, 49-54
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive
        • Gogogogo Commune
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
        • Vohitany Commune
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # M-114
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive. p 30
      • Benenitra District
        • Ianapera Commune
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive
      • Betioky District
        • Bezaha Commune
Rakotondrazafy, A.F.M., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Rakotosamizanany, S., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Maluski, H., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., and Ratrimo, V. (2008): Gem corundum deposits of Madagascar: A review. Ore Geology Reviews 34, 134-154
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Malawi
 
Haslam, H.W. (1983): An isotropic alteration of cordierite. Mineralogical Magazine: 47: 238-240; in: Dunn, P.J., Cabri, L.J., Ferraiolo, J.A., Grice, J.D., Jambor, J.L., Mueller, W., Shigley, J.E., Puziewicz, J., Vanko, D.A. (1985): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 69: 1195
  • Chiwawy-Nsanje District
Corundum crystals obtained from an importer/exporter based in Johannesburg, South Africa, who ships in hundreds of kilograms of corundum from Lulwe in Malawi.
Wooley (2001)
  • Mwanza District
H.G. Dill, A review of mineral resources in Malawi: With special reference to aluminium variation in mineral deposits, Journal of African Earth Sciences, Volume 47, Issue 3, March 2007, Pages 153-173, ISSN 1464-343X, 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2006.12.006.
  • Ntcheu District
H.G. Dill, A review of mineral resources in Malawi: With special reference to aluminium variation in mineral deposits, Journal of African Earth Sciences, Volume 47, Issue 3, March 2007, Pages 153-173, ISSN 1464-343X, 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2006.12.006.; Dill, H. G., & Ludwig, R. R. (2008). Geomorphological-sedimentological studies of landform types and modern placer deposits in the savanna (Southern Malawi). Ore Geology Reviews, 33(3), 411-434.; Henn, U., Bank, H., & Bank, F. H. (1990). Red and orange corundum (ruby and padparadscha) from Malawi. Journal of Gemmology, 22(2), 83-89.
Mexico
 
  • Baja California (Baja California Norte; BC Norte)
    • Mun. de Ensenada
John Sinkankas (1964) Gemstones and Minerals of Baja California, Mexico. Lap Journal Vol XVIII, No 1.
  • Chihuahua
    • Pueblito de Allende
American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1483–1486, 2009; Ma, C., Paque, J., & Tschauner, O. (2016, March). Discovery of Beckettite, Ca2V6Al6O20, a New Alteration Mineral in a V-Rich Ca-Al-Rich Inclusion from Allende. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 47, p. 1704).
Mongolia
 
  • Arkhangai Province
    • Hangai highland
      • Tariat
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Dornogovi Aimag
    • Modotin
Petr Paulis, Die Zinn-Wolfram Lagerstätte Modoto (Bajan Mod) in der Mongolei, Mineralien Welt 6/95 p47-55
  • Ömnögovi Aimag
    • Erdenetsogt
      • Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field)
Economic Geology; December 2009; v. 104; no. 8; p. 1087-1110; Khashgerel, B. E., Kavalieris, I., & Hayashi, K. I. (2008). Mineralogy, textures, and whole-rock geochemistry of advanced argillic alteration: Hugo Dummett porphyry Cu–Au deposit, Oyu Tolgoi mineral district, Mongolia. Mineralium Deposita, 43(8), 913-932.
Morocco
 
Pang, R.-L., Harries, D., Pollok, K., Zhang, Ai-C., Langenhorst, F. (2018): Vestaite, (Ti4+Fe2+)Ti34+O9, a new mineral in the shocked eucrite Northwest Africa 8003. American Mineralogist: 103:, 1502–1511.
Mozambique
 
António Joaquim Monteiro Photo, photo ID: 792608
Pardieu, V., Sangsawong, S., Muyal,J.,Chauviré, B., Massi, L. and N. Sturman (2013) Rubies from the Montepuez area (Mozambique). GIA News from Research October 12, 2013.
Pardieu, V., Sangsawong, S., Muyal,J.,Chauviré, B., Massi, L. and N. Sturman (2013) Rubies from the Montepuez area (Mozambique). GIA News from Research October 12, 2013.
Pardieu, V., Sangsawong, S., Muyal,J.,Chauviré, B., Massi, L. and N. Sturman (2013) Rubies from the Montepuez area (Mozambique). GIA News from Research October 12, 2013.
Pardieu, V., Sangsawong, S., Muyal,J.,Chauviré, B., Massi, L. and N. Sturman (2013) Rubies from the Montepuez area (Mozambique). GIA News from Research October 12, 2013.
Pardieu, V., Sangsawong, S., Muyal,J.,Chauviré, B., Massi, L. and N. Sturman (2013) Rubies from the Montepuez area (Mozambique). GIA News from Research October 12, 2013.
Pardieu, V., Sangsawong, S., Muyal,J.,Chauviré, B., Massi, L. and N. Sturman (2013) Rubies from the Montepuez area (Mozambique). GIA News from Research October 12, 2013.
http://gemexplorer.org/archives/niassa-mozambique
  • Tete Province
Rui Nunes April 2009
    • Chimessolo
António Manuel Ináçio Martins.
  • Zambezia Province
    • Alto Ligonha District
Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
Myanmar
 
  • Kachin State
Han Htun & George E. Harlow. Identifying Sources among Burmese Rubies. American Museum Natural History website accessed 7/3/2013
    • Mohnyin District (Moe Hnyin District)
      • Hpakant Township (Hpakan; Phakant; Phakan)
Themelis, Ted, 2008, Gems and Mines of Mogok.
    • Myitkyina District
Han Htun & George E. Harlow. Identifying Sources among Burmese Rubies. American Museum Natural History website accessed 7/3/2013
  • Mandalay Region
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma4.htm
http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
          • Lay-tha Taung
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Harald Schillhammer collection
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
        • Kathé (Kathe)
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Halford-Watkins, J.F. (1935b) Burma sapphires – locations and characteristics. The Gemmologist, Vol. 5, No. 52, November, pp. 89–98
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
        • Kin (Guard Post)
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
        • Kyatpyin Central
          • Baw-lon-gyi (Big Ball)
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
        • Kyatpyin North
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Jordi Fabre collection
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
; Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok; Kyaw Thu (2007) The Igneous Rocks of the Mogok Stone Tract: Their Distributions, Petrography, Petrochemistry, Sequence, Geochronology and Economic Geology. PhD Thesis University of Yangon, Myanmar
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok; Kyaw Thu (2007) The Igneous Rocks of the Mogok Stone Tract: Their Distributions, Petrography, Petrochemistry, Sequence, Geochronology and Economic Geology. PhD Thesis University of Yangon, Myanmar
Pavel M. Kartashov data
          • Yadanar-kaday-kadar
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
        • Marble Ark
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Harald Schillhammer collection
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
          • Pyaung-pyin
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
        • Mogok Valley
Rob Lavinsky
            • Dattaw-mid
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Themelis, Ted, 2008, Gems and Mines of Mogok.
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Themelis, Ted, 2008, Gems and Mines of Mogok.
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
        • Nampai Valley (Nampan Valley)
Dana 6: 1031.
        • On-dan
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
          • Gaw-Ra-Khar village
Mine owner, personal communication
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
Mine owner, personal communication
      • Thabeikkyin Township (Tha Pate Kyin Township)
Themelis, Ted, 2008, Gems and Mines of Mogok.
  • Shan State
    • Kengtung District (Kengtong District)
The 1995 ICA World Gemstone Mining Report/Part 1 ICA Gazette
    • Kyaukme District
      • Momeik Township
        • Lelgyi
Dr. Kyaw Khaing Win, personal communication
Win, T.T., Davies, R.M., Griffin, W.L., Wathanakul, P. & French, D.H. (2001). Distribution and characteristics of diamonds from Myanmar. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 19, 563-577.
    • Loilem District (Loilen District)
Garnier, V., Ohnenstetter, D., Giuliani, G., Blanc, P., & Schwarz, D. (2002). Trace-element contents and cathodoluminescence of “trapiche” rubies from Mong Hsu, Myanmar (Burma): geological significance. Mineralogy and petrology, 76(3-4), 179-193.
    • Mu Se District
      • Namhkam Township (Nanhkan Township; Namhkan Township)
Themelis, Ted, 2008, Gems and Mines of Mogok.
Han Htun & George E. Harlow. Identifying Sources among Burmese Rubies. American Museum Natural History website accessed 7/3/2013
    • Tachileik District
Themelis, Ted, 2008, Gems and Mines of Mogok.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 512 pp. (in English)
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 512 pp. (in English)
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 512 pp. (in English)
    • Omaruru
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 512 pp. (in English)
  • Hardap Region
    • Rehoboth District
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 512 pp. (in English)
  • Karas Region
    • Karasburg District
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 512 pp. (in English)
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 512 pp. (in English)
      • Warmbad
        • Orange River
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 512 pp. (in English)
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 512 pp. (in English)
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek District
      • Bethlehem Farm 27
Rocks & Minerals 83:6 pp520-526
Nepal
J. Gemmol. 1986. V. 20. N 1. P. 3-10
  • Bagmati Zone
    • Dhading District
      • Ganesh Himal (Ganesha)
Garnier, V., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Dubessy, J., Banks, D., Vinh, H.Q., Lhomme, T., Maluski, H., Pêcher, A., Bakhsh, K.A., Long, P.V., Trinh, P.T., and Schwarz, D. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 169-191.
Garnier, V., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Dubessy, J., Banks, D., Vinh, H.Q., Lhomme, T., Maluski, H., Pêcher, A., Bakhsh, K.A., Long, P.V., Trinh, P.T., and Schwarz, D. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 169-191.
Rob Lavinsky specimen
New Zealand
 
  • North Island
    • Manawatu-Wanganui Region
      • Ruapehu District
Railton, G.L¹., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages. (¹published as G.L. Railton but his initials should be G.T. not G.L. - Errata sheet inserted in publication).
Railton, G.L., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin No. 104.
    • Otago Region
      • Clutha District
        • Milton
Sutherland, F.L., Meffre, S. (2009) Zircon megacrysts ages and chemistry from a placer Dunedin volcanic area eastern Otago, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, Vol. 52:3, 185-194.
      • Waitaki District
        • Kakanui
http://crownminerals.med.govt.nz/minerals/docs/comreports/report01_aluminium.pdf
    • Southland Region
      • Southland District
Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
C. M. Ward (1984) Magnesium staurolite and green chromian staurolite from Fiordland, New Zealand . American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 531-540.
        • Orepuki
Local council Site Signage, pers. visit Kim Macdonald. Several photos under Orepuki Mindat heading of specimens from the beach. Several photographs of the sign appear on Google under images for 'gemstone beach'.
    • Tasman Region
      • Collingwood
Railton, G.L., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin No. 104.
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
      • Grey District
Christie, T., Brathwaite, B., & Thompson, B. (1993). Mineral commodity report 1-aluminium. New Zealand mining, 12, 20-23.
      • Westland District
Railton, G.L., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin No. 104. Grapes, R., Palmer, K. (1996) (Ruby—Sapphire)—Chromian Mica—Tourmaline Rocks from Westland, New Zealand. Journal of Petrology, 37(2), 293-315.
Christie, T., Brathwaite, B., Thompson, B. (1993) Mineral commodity report 1-aluminium. Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Ltd.
        • Ross
Railton, G.L., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin No. 104.
Nigeria
 
  • Kaduna State
E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 68
North Korea
 
  • South Hamgyong Province
    • Tanchon-gun
      • Suha-myon
Hideo Tsuda (1969) Supplement to "Minerals of Korea".
  • South Pyongan Province
    • Kangso-gun
      • Sinhung-myon
Hideo Tsuda: "Supplement to "Minerals of Korea"" (in: Geology and Mineral Resources of the Far East, University of Tokyo Press, 1969)
Miscellaneous Reports, Geological Survey of Korea, 11 (1942)
Norway
 
  • Akershus
    • Nes
      • Årnes
        • Farsjø
Bugge, C.(1951): Corundum at Farsjø, Nes, Romerike. Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift 29,77-83. + Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68. p. 59 and 61.
  • Aust-Agder
    • Arendal
      • Hisøy (Hisø)
        • Havsøysund
Kihle, J., Harlov, D.E., Frigaard, Ø. & Jamtveit, B.(2010): A quartz-corundum-sapphirine-pyrope-bearing ultra high temperature (UHT) granulitepitaxial quartz inclusions in corundum from a sapphirine–garnet boudin, Bamble Sector, SE Norway: SiO2–Al2O3 miscibility at high P–T dry granulite facies conditions. Journal of Metamorphic Geology. 28: 769-784
    • Evje og Hornnes
      • Åneland
Evje og Hornnes geomuseum Fennefoss; Larsen, A.O., Kjærnet, T., Kihle, J.b. & Werner, R. (2015): Sillimanite in a granite pegmatite at Evje, Aust-Agder. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2015, 37-43
    • Froland
Visser, D. et al. (1999) "The occurrence of preiswerkite in a tourmaline-biotite-scapolite rock from Blengsvatn, Norway", American Mineralogist, Volume 84, pages 977–982.
Oftedahl, Chr. (1963): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway No 19. Red corundum of Froland at arendal. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 43, 431-439
    • Tvedestrand
Kihle, 1989: Polymetamorphic Evolution of the Cordierite-bearing metapelites of Bamble-sector, SE Norway. Thesis, Univ. Oslo
Visser, D., Thijssen, P.H.M. & Schumacher J.C.(1992) Högbomite in sapphirine-bearing rocks from the Bamble Sector, south Norway. Mineralogical Magazine 56: 343-351
      • Snaresund
Visser, D., Thijissen, P.H.M. & Schumacher J.C.(1992) Högbomite in sapphirine-bearing rocks from the Bamble Sector, south Norway. Mineralogical Magazine 56: 343-351
  • Buskerud
    • Modum
      • Snarum
        • Dypingdal serpentine-magnesite deposit
Grew, E.S., Pertsev, N.N., Vrána, S., Yates, M.G., Shearer, C.K., and Wiedenbeck, M. (1998): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 131, 22-38.
    • Ringerike
      • Holleia
        • Ringerike Ni Mines
          • Ertelien
Hofseth, (1942): Geologiske Undersøkelser ved Kragerø, i Holleia og Troms. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 157, 1-89
  • Finnmark
    • Alta
Barth, T. (1927): Die Pegmatitgänge der kaledonischen intrusivgesteine in Seiland-gebiete. Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi Skrifter. 1. Mat.-Naturv. Klasse 1927. No.8. 123p
Barth, T. (1927): Die Pegmatitgänge der kaledonischen intrusivgesteine in Seiland-gebiete. Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi Skrifter. 1. Mat.-Naturv. Klasse 1927. No.8. 123p
Robins, B. & Tysseland, M. (1979): Fenitization of some mafic igneous rocks in the Seiland province, northern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift. 59, 1-23
Barth, T. (1927): Die Pegmatitgänge der kaledonischen intrusivgesteine in Seiland-gebiete. Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi Skrifter. 1. Mat.-Naturv. Klasse 1927. No.8. 123p
      • Stjernøya Island
Cadow, R. (1993): Sm - Nd and Rb - Sr ages of hornblende clinopyroxenite and metagabbro from Lillebukt Alkaline Complex, Seiland Igneous Province. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 73, # 4, pp. 243 - 249.
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68. (p. 60).
    • Hasvik
      • Sørøya
Sturt, B.A. & Ramsay, D.M. (1965): The alkaline complex of the Breivikbotn area, Sørøy, northern Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 231, 1-164.
    • Loppa
      • Øksfjord
Elvevold, S. & Reginiussen, H. (1996): Reaction textures in contact metamorphosed xenoliths; implications for the tectonothermal evolution of the Seiland Igneous Province, Norwegian Caledonides. European Journal of Mineralogy, 8, 777-789
  • Hordaland
    • Austrheim
      • Fosnøyna Island
Kolderup, C. F. and Kolderup, N.-H. (1940): Geology of the Bergen arc system. Bergens Museum skrifter 20: 1-237 ( p. 81); Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68 p. 60
  • Møre og Romsdal
    • Nesset
- Vogt, J.H.L. (1910): Norges jernmalmforekomster. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 51, 1-225 (p.118)
    • Norddal
      • Tafjord
Brueckner, H.K. (1977): A structural, stratigraphic and petrologic study of anorthosites, eclogites and ultramafic rocks and their country rocks, Tafjord area, western South Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 332, 1-53
    • Ulstein
      • Hareidland
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 61.
      • Ulsteinvik
Straume, A. K. & Austrheim, H. (1999): Importance of fracturing during retro-metamorphism of eclogites.Journal of Metamorphic Geology. 17, 637-652
    • Vanylven
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 62.
Lappin, M.A.(1960): On the occurrence of kyanite in the eclogites of the Selje and Åheim districts, Nordfjord. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 4o: 289-296
    • Volda
      • Austefjorden
Garmo, T. T. (2013): Observasjonar frå det norske "Eklogitt-landet". Stein. 40 (4), 4-13; Garmo, T.T. & Selbekk, R. (2017): Norsk mineralbok. Fossheim Steinsenter, Lom. 351p. (p.77)
  • Nordland
    • Gildeskål
Garmo, T.T. & Selbekk, R. (2017): Norsk mineralbok. Fossheim Steinsenter, Lom. 351p. (p.77)
    • Hemnes
Garmo, T.T. & Selbekk, R. (2017): Norsk mineralbok. Fossheim Steinsenter, Lom. 351p. (p.77)
      • Korgen
        • Kongsfjell area
Ramberg, I.B. (1967): Kongsfjell-områdets geologi, en petrografisk og strukturell undersøkelse i Helgeland, Nord-Norge. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 240, 1-152 (p. 115); Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 62.
    • Hinnøya
      • Lødingen
Krogh, E.J. (1977): Origin and metamorphism of iron formations and associated rocks, Lofoten-Vesterålen, N. Norway. I. The Vestpolltind Fe-Mn-deposit. Lithos, 10: 243-255
    • Rana
      • Sjona
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, 278 pp (p.62)
    • Træna
      • Træna Island
Collection of Atle Michalsen
  • Rogaland
    • Lund
      • Flatestøl
Grew, E.S. et al.(1998): Boralsilite (Al16B6Si2O37): A new mineral related to sillimanite from pegmatites in granulite-facies rocks. American Mineralogist. 83: 638-651
  • Sogn og Fjordane
    • Hornindal
Garmo, T. T. (2013): Observasjonar frå det norske "Eklogitt-landet". Stein. 40 (4), 4-13
    • Selje
Garmo, T. T. (2013): Observasjonar frå det norske "Eklogitt-landet". Stein. 40 (4), 4-13
      • Liset
Smith, D.C., Kechid, S-A. and Rossi, G. (1986): Occurrence and properties of lisetite, CaNa2Al4Si4O16, a new tectosilicate in the system Ca-Na-Al-Si-O. American Mineralogist. 71: 1372-1377
      • Nordpollen
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p.195
Lappin, M.A.(1960): On the occurrence of kyanite in the eclogites of the Selje and Åheim districts, Nordfjord. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 4o: 289-296
  • Telemark
    • Nome
Bjørlykke, (1953): Utnytting av Søvemalm. Tidsskrift for Kjemi, Bergvesen og Metallurgi. 13, 47-48.
  • Troms
    • Lyngen
Schreyer, W., Ohnmacht, W. & Mannchen, J. (1972): Carbonate-orthopyroxenites (sagvandites from Troms, northern Norway. Lithos, 5, 345-364.
    • Ringvassøy
Bøe, P. (2000): En gang av alkaline bergarter i Mikkelvik, Ringvassøy i Troms. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 17, 71-79
    • Tromsø
Nordrum, F.S. (2008): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2007-2008. STEIN 35 (2), 8-20
Selbekk, R. S., Kullerud, K. & Ravna, E. (2008): Formation of corundum megacrysts, related to K-rich fluids infiltration during inconngruent melting of plagioclase in SiO2-undersaturated rocks at high T. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 38: 29-32
Janák, M., Uher, P., Ravna, E.K., Kullerud, K., Vrabec, M. (2015): Chromium-rich kyanite, magnesiostaurolite and corundum in ultrahigh-pressure eclogites (examples from Pohorje Mountains, Slovenia and Tromsø Nappe, Norway). European Journal of Mineralogy: 27(3): 377-392
Bøe, P. (1997): Eklogittfjellet Tromsdalstind. STEIN 24 (2), 48-49
  • Trøndelag
Nordrum, F.S. (2005): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2004-2005. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 30: 117-124
  • Vest-Agder
    • Lyngdal
Ohta, Y. (1968): Two localities of Sapphirine found in Norway. in Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1961-1990. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1991, p 24.
Pakistan
 
  • Azad Kashmir
    • Muzaffarabad district
Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
      • Neelum Valley
Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
  • Gilgit-Baltistan (Northern Areas)
    • Astor District (Astore District)
Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
    • Baltistan
      • Skardu District
        • Basha Valley (Basha Nala; Basna)
Ikram Mineralogy
    • Gilgit District
José Zendrera collection
E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 55
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 55
Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (North-West Frontier Province)
    • Mansehra District
      • Kaghan valley
Aymeric Longi bought material from this locality + article in The Quaterly Journal of GIA (Winter 2004, Volume 40, Issue 4)
Jan, M. Q., & Khan, M. A. (1995). Potential For Ruby Mineralization In Upper Kaghan, Nw Himalaya. Journal Of Himalayan Earth Sciences, 28.
Papua New Guinea
 
  • New Ireland Province
    • Lihir Island area
Petersen, S., Herzig, P. M., Hannington, M. D., Jonasson, I. R., & Arribas, A. (2002). Submarine gold mineralization near Lihir Island, New Ireland fore-arc, Papua New Guinea. Economic Geology, 97(8), 1795-1813.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia
Błocisz, W., Biernacka, J. (2015): Heavy minerals in recent sediments of the Bóbr river, West Sudetes, SW Poland. Mineralogia Special Papers: 42: 42
    • Karpacz - Wilcza Poręba (Wolfshau)
Szełęg, E., Galuskina, I., Prusik, K. 2010: A Sc-Nb oxide from corundum pegmatites of the Krucze Skały in Karpacz (Karkonosze massif, Lower Silesia, Poland) – a potentially new mineral of the ScNbO4 – FeWO4 series. 20th General Meeting of the IMA (IMA2010), Budapest, Hungary, August 21-27, CD of Abstracts, p. 501
    • Sowie Góry Block
      • Świdnica District
Eligiusz Szełęg "Atlas skał i minerałów". Pascal 2007.
    • Ząbkowice Slaskie District
      • Zloty Stok Commune
Eligiusz Szełęg collection
  • Małopolskie
    • Kraków
      • Będkowska Valley
Koszowska E., Wolska A. 1994: Corundum from thermally metamorphosed and hydrothermally altered Cambrian tuffaceous rocks, Będkowska Valley, S Poland
  • Podlaskie
    • Suwałki District
      • Suwałki Massif
Kucha H., Kwiecińska B., Piestrzyński A., Wieczorek A. 1979: On the genesis of graphite from magnetite rocks of Krzemianka (NE Poland). Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 10, no 2, 81-88
  • Upper Silesia (Śląskie)
    • Wodzisław Śląski District
Ł. Kruszewski PXRD and EPMA data
Portugal
 
  • Viana do Castelo District
    • Ponte de Lima
Pedro Alves collection
Republic of Macedonia
 
  • Prilep
Jersek, Miha and Mirtic, Breda (1999) Corundum from Prilep Dolomitic marble.
Jersek, Miha and Mirtic, Breda (1999) Corundum from Prilep Dolomitic marble.
    • Sivec Mountain
Baric, L. (1961): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 9, 133-138; Jeršek, M. & Mirtič, B. (1999): Corundum from Prilep Dolomitic Marble. Scopolia, 41, 1-22; Hidden treasures of Macedonia. Prirodoslovni muzej Slovenije, 1999, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
  • Veles
Ilijevski, Kole (2012) Minerogenetic Features of the White Marble Deposit “Sivec”. Masters thesis, University Goce Delcev Shtip.
Romania
 
  • Alba Co.
    • Pianu Commune
Udubaşa G., Pop D., Costea C. (2004) Native platinum at Pianu, Sebeş County, Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits 81:192-194
  • Bihor Co.
    • Nucet
www.minerals-of-the carpathians.eu (2009)
  • Harghita Co.
Mauritz, B. (1915): Two new constituents in the syenite from Ditro. Foldtani Kozlony 43, 124-127. ; Hirtopanu Paulina, Andersen C. Jens, Fairhurst J. Robert and Jakab Gyula (2013) Allanite-(Ce) and its associations, from the Ditrau alkaline intrusive massif. Proc. Rom. Acad., Series B, 2013, 15(1), p. 59–74
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Deva
www.minerals-of-the-carpathians,2009
Russia
 
  • Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
    • Pekul'ney Range (Pekul'nei Range)
      • Northern Pekul'ney River (Northern Pekul'nei River; Northern Pekul'neyveem River)
Rudashevskiy, N.S., Mochalov, A.G., Men'shikov, Y.P., Shumskaya, N.I. [Рудашевский, Н.С., Мочалов, А.Г., Меньшиков, Ю.П., Шумская, Н.И.] (1983) Ferronickelplatinum, Pt2FeNi, a new mineral species [Ферроникельплатина Pt2FeNi - новый минеральный вид]. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva [Записки ВМО], 112, 4, 487-494 (in Russian).
Rudashevskii, N.S., Mochalov, A.G. (1984): Geologiya i Geofizika: 25: 35-41 (in Russian, with available English version); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Puziewicz, J., Vanko, D.A. (1984): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 73: 442
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Lake Baikal area
  • Kamchatka Krai
    • Koryak Upland (Koriak; Koriakskhiye)
      • Iomrautvaam Massif
        • Chetkinvaiam tectonic melange
          • Khatyrka river
            • Listvenitovyi stream
Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
    • Tolbachik volcano
      • Great Fissure eruption (Main Fracture)
        • Northern Breakthrough (North Breach)
Glavatskikh, S. F.; Bykova, E. Yu. (1998): First finding of exhalative johillerite (Kamchatka). Doklady Akademii Nauk 361, 795-798.
  • Kemerovo Oblast
    • Gornaya Shoria Region
      • Tashelga River
Коноваленко, С. И., Konovalenko, S. I., Ананьев, С. А., Ananyev, S. A., Гармаева, С. С., & Garmayeva, S. S. (2012). Редкие и новые минералы ташелгино-майзаской зоны Горной Шории, их особенности и природа. Journal of Siberian Federal University. Engineering & Technologies 3 (2012 5) 301-310
Ananyev S A, Konovalenko S I, Rastsvetaeva R K, Aksenov S M, Chukanov N V, Sapozhnikov A N, Zagorsky V E, Virus A A (2011) Tashelgite, CaMgFe2+Al9O16(OH), a new mineral species from calc-skarnoid in Gorny Shoria. Geology of Ore Deposits 53, 751-757
  • Khabarovsk Krai
    • Ayan-Maya district
      • Aldan shield
Lennikov, A. M., Zalishak, B. L., & Oktyabrsky, R. A. (2004). The Konder massif of ultramafic and alkaline rocks and related PGM mineralization. In Interim IAGOD Conf. Excursion Guidebook. Vladivostok: Dalnauka (p. 29).
  • Leningrad Oblast
[MinRec 32:42]
Pekin, A.A. [Пекин, А.А.] (2010) Minerals of Moscow [Минералы Москвы]. Rossiiskii Khimicheskii Zhurnal [Российский Химический Журнал], 54, 2, 115-123 (in Russian); Pekin, A.A. (2011) Minerals of Moscow. Russian Journal of General Chemistry, 81, 6, 1381-1391.
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Keivy Mountains
P.M. kartashov data
Olga Yakovleva, I. Pekov, I. Bryzgalov, Yu. Men’shikov, V. Yapaskurt, E. Guseva, N. Korotaeva (2009) Chalcogenide Minerals in Fenitized Xenoliths in Khibiny Alkaline Complex Kola Peninsula, Russia): Diversity and Chemical Features. Fifth International Symposium Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation pp213-216
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Barkov, A.Y., R.F. Martin, Y.P. Men'shikov, Y.E. Savchenko, Y. Thibault, and K.V.O. Laajoki (2000) Edgarite, FeNb3S6, first natural niobium-rich sulfide from the Khibina alkaline complex, Russian Far North: evidence of chalcophile behavior of Nb in a fenite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 138: 229-236.; Barkov, A. Y., Fleet, M. E., Martin, R. F., & Men'Shikov, Y. P. (2006). Sr-Na-REE titanates of the crichtonite group from a fenitized megaxenolith, Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: first occurrence and implications. European journal of mineralogy, 18(4), 493-502.
Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
Shlyukova Z.V. (1986) Mineralogy of contact formations of Khibina massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 96 (in Rus.)
Pavel M. Kartashov data
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
[Mineralien Welt 6/92:62]
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Roshchino
      • Kedrovaya river
Pavel M. Kartashov data; Graham, I., Sutherland, L., Zaw, K., Nechaev, V., & Khanchuk, A. (2008). Advances in our understanding of the gem corundum deposits of the West Pacific continental margins intraplate basaltic fields. Ore Geology Reviews, 34(1), 200-215.
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Northern Karelia
P.M. Kartashov data
      • Loukhi
        • Tedino
          • Dyadino lake
P.M. Kartashov data
http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=1262
      • Oulanka plutonic complex
        • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
A. Yu. Barkov et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 311-316.; Barkov, A. Y., Martin, R. F., Tarkian, M., Poirier, G., & Thibault, Y. (2001). Pd–Ag Tellurides from a Cl-rich environment in the Lukkulaisvaara layered intrusion, northern Russian Karelia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 39(2), 639-653.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
      • Aldan
Shcheka, S. A., Ignat’ev, A. V., Nechaev, V. P., & Zvereva, V. P. (2006). First diamonds from placers in Primorie. Petrology, 14(3), 299-317.
    • Daldyn-Alakit kimberlite field
      • Daldyn
http://www.geology.utoronto.ca/faculty/schulze/eclogite.table.1.html
Siegert, Ch., Shirokov, A.L., Nikishova, L.V., Pavlova, L.A., Babiy, O.A. (1990) Natural analogues of the alumina modifications (θ-Al2O3, and δ-Al2O3) in permafrost area sediments. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR: 313: 689-692 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S. (1992): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 77: 210
    • Vilyui River Basin (Vilui River Basin; Wilui River Basin)
      • Lower Khann'ya River
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Rezh District
      • Lipovka pegmatite field
Igor.V. Pekov, Lyudmila R. Memetova (2008) Minerals of the Lipovka Granite Pegmatites, Central Urals, Russia. Mineralogical Almanac 13:6-45
E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 62
E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 62
    • Shilovka River
E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 62
    • Yuzhakovo Village
Sokol, E. V., Seryotkin, Y. V., & Bul’bak, T. A. (2010). Na-Li-Be-rich cordierite from the Murzinka pegmatite field, Middle Urals, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(4), 565-575.
Sokol, E. V., Seryotkin, Y. V., & Bul’bak, T. A. (2010). Na-Li-Be-rich cordierite from the Murzinka pegmatite field, Middle Urals, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(4), 565-575.
  • Tatarstan
T. Ushikubo, H. Hiyagon & Naogi Sugiura (2000). A FUN-like Hibonite Inclusion in Kainsaz CO3 Chondrite with Large 41K and 26Mg Excesses at the Level of Normal CAIs. 31st Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 13-17, 2000, Houston, Texas, abstract #1561.
  • Tyumen Oblast
Van King; 6th orogenic lherzolite conference 2014 Morocco; Yang, J., Meng, F., Xu, X., Robinson, P. T., Dilek, Y., Makeyev, A. B., ... & Cliff, J. (2015). Diamonds, native elements and metal alloys from chromitites of the Ray-Iz ophiolite of the Polar Urals. Gondwana Research, 27(2), 459-485.; Shmelev V.R., Perevozchikov B.V., Moloshag V.P. (2014) The Rai-Iz ophiolite massif in the Polar Urals: geology and chromite deposits. Field trip guidebook. 12th International Platinum Symposium. Yekaterinburg: IGG UB RAS, 2014. 44 р.
E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 57
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast
Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
            • Lake Ishkul'
Am Min 90:1402-1412 (deposit item)
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Dmitry Tonkacheev
        • Kyshtym (Kychtym; Kishtim)
V. G. Korinevsky & I. A. Blinov (2016): First find of srilankite in the Urals. Doklady Earth Sciences 470, 957–960.
Boris Z. Kantor collection
        • Plast
          • Kochkar' District
E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 50
E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 50
Local geolofist S.V.Kolesnichenko data
Kobyashev Yu.S., Makagonov E.P., Nikandrov S.N. "Minerals of Vishnyovie and Potaniny Mountains", Miass, Ilmenskiy State Reserve of RAS UB, 1998
Nedosekova, I.L. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(2), 129-146.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Dzhida Basin
Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., & Karmanov, N. S. (2009). Phosphate and sulfate-phosphate mineralization in sillimanite-bearing rocks at the Kyakhta deposit, western Transbaikal region. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(7), 617-626.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Detva Co.
Rojkovičová,Ľ., 1982: Rudná mineralizácia v Javorí. Min.Slovaca, 14,5,461 – 470
    • Lučenec Co.
Huraiová M., Konečný P., 2006: U-Pb-Th datovanie a chemické zloženie monazitu v xenolitoch syenitu a pincinitu z vrchno miocénneho maaru pri obci Pinciná (Lučenecká kotlina). Min.Slovaca, Bratislava, 38, 141-150.
    • Poltár Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
Ozdín, D. (2017) Mineralogické zaujímavosti Slovenska. Korund var. zafír z Hajnáčky. Montanrevue: 10(3): 24. (in Slovak).
Uher P., Giuliani G., Szakáll S., Fallick A., Strunga V., Vaculovič T., Ozdín D., Gregáňová M. (2012): Sapphires related to alkali basalts from the Cerová Highlands, Western Carpathians (southern Slovakia): composition and origin. Geol. Carpath., 63, 1, 71-82.
Uher P., Giuliani G., Szakáll S., Fallick A., Strunga V., Vaculovič T., Ozdín D., Gregáňová M. (2012): Sapphires related to alkali basalts from the Cerová Highlands, Western Carpathians (southern Slovakia): composition and origin. Geol. Carpath., 63, 1, 71-82.
    • Žarnovica Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    • Žiar nad Hronom Co.
Ďuďa R., 1993 : Die mineralien der Gold und Silber - lagersttäte von Kremnitz ( Kremnica) in der Slowakei. Mineralien Welt /Haltern,Nemecko/,5, s. 20 - 32
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Zvolen Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
  • Bratislava Region
    • Bratislava Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
      • Dobšiná mining district (Dobschau; Topschau)
Háber,M., Hovorka,D., 1981: Ore mineralisation on the contact of an alpine type ultramafic body (Dankova, SGR Mnts). Geol.Zbor. – Geol.Carpath., 91 – 113
    • Sobrance Co.
      • Remetské Hámre
Bacsó Z., 1971: Nové minerály a nové surovinové možnosti Vihorlatu. Min. Slovaca, 3, 11, 247-250.
    • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
      • Hnilec (Hniletz; Nyilas; Nagyhnilec)
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
  • Prešov Region
    • Vranov nad Topľou Co.
Ďuďa,R., et al., 1981: Mineralógia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca, Monografia 2, 98s
  • Žilina Region
    • Liptovský Mikuláš Co.
Kahan Š. (1968): K problematike vystupovania staurolitu, disténu, sillimanitu a korundu v kryštaliniku Západných Karpát. Acta Geol. Geograph. Univ. Comen., Geol. 13, 191-202.
    • Námestovo Co.
      • Námestovo
        • Slanica
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
Slovenia
 
Janák, M., Uher, P., Ravna, E.K., Kullerud, K., Vrabec, M. (2015): Chromium-rich kyanite, magnesiostaurolite and corundum in ultrahigh-pressure eclogites (examples from Pohorje Mountains, Slovenia and Tromsø Nappe, Norway). European Journal of Mineralogy: 27(3): 377-392
Somaliland
 
Thomas R. Yager (2002) The Mineral Industries Of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, And Somalia — 2002. U.S. Geological Survey Minerals Yearbook
Thomas R. Yager (2002) The Mineral Industries Of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, And Somalia — 2002. U.S. Geological Survey Minerals Yearbook
South Africa
 
  • Free State Province
    • Fezile Dabi District
      • Kroonstad
Mathias, M., Siebert, J.C., and Rickwood, P.C. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 26, 75-123.
    • Lejweleputswa District
      • Boshof
Mathias, M., Siebert, J.C., and Rickwood, P.C. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 26, 75-123.
Minerals of South Africa
    • Xhariep District
      • Jagersfontein
Mathias, M., Siebert, J.C., and Rickwood, P.C. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 26, 75-123.
  • KwaZulu-Natal Province
    • Umzinyathi District
Minerals of South Africa
  • Limpopo Province
    • Bushveld Complex
      • Waterberg District
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
Minerals of South Africa
    • Capricorn District
Minerals of South Africa
    • Mopani District
Minerals of South Africa
      • Mica
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: pp 26.
Minerals of South Africa
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 26 pp;
    • Vhembe District
      • Louis Trichardt
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 200 pp;
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 26, 200 pp;
Cairncross & Dixon - Minerals of South Africa; page 200
Minerals of South Africa
Minerals of South Africa
Minerals of South Africa
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Eastern Bushveld Complex
Minerals of South Africa
    • Ehlanzeni District
Minerals of South Africa
Minerals of South Africa
Minerals of South Africa
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Bushmanland
      • Koenabib farm (Hotson 42 farm)
Schoch A E, Beukes G J, Praekelt H E (1985) A natroalunite - zaherite - hotsonite paragenesis from Pofadder, Bushmanland, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist 23, 29-34
Minerals of South Africa
    • Francis Baard District
      • Kimberley
        • KEM JV Mine (Kimberley Ekapa Mining Joint Venture mine; Kimberley Underground mine)
Mathias, M., Siebert, J.C., and Rickwood, P.C. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 26, 75-123.
      • Windsorton
Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.
        • Mount Rupert
Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
      • Aggeneys
Minerals of South Africa
Contrib Mineral Petrol (1985) 91 : 369 382
Contrib Mineral Petrol (1985) 91 : 369 382
Econ Geol. (1995) 90:1934-1954
Hokada, T., Motoyoshi, Y., Hiroi, Y., Shimura, T., Yuhara, M., Shiraishi, K., ... & Knoper, M. W. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of high-grade pelitic gneisses and related rocks from Namaqualand, South Africa. Memoirs of National Institute of Polar Research. Special issue, 55, 105-126.
Minerals of South Africa
    • Orange River
Minerals of South Africa
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, p 115;
Minerals of South Africa
    • Pixley ka Seme District
      • Copperton
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 137 pp;
    • ZF Mgcawu District
      • Kakamas
Minerals of South Africa
Minerals of South Africa
      • Kenhardt
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, p 200;
Minerals of South Africa
Hall, A. L. (1920). Corundum in the northern and eastern Transvaal (Vol. 15). Government Print. and Stationery Office.
South Korea
 
  • Gyeonggi-do (Kyonggi-do)
    • Yonchon-gun
      • Sangnyong-myon
        • Chogum-ni
Yamaguchi, T. (1943) Miscellaneous Reports, Geological Survey of Korea, 11.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
      • Mijas
Romero Silva, JC (2003) Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Published by the Malaga County Council CEDMA. 318pp. 1 map
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Toledo
      • Villanueva de Bogas
Calvo,M. (2009): "Minerales y Minas de España". Vol IV Oxidos e Hidróxidos. Esc. Tec. Sup. de Ingenieros de Minas. Madrid
  • Castile and Leon
    • Salamanca
Roda, E., Fontán, F., Pesquera, A., & Keller, P. (2001). Phosphate mineral associations of the Aldehuela de la Bóveda, Li-Sn-Nb+-Tb bearing pegmatite, Salamanca, Spain: . In Mineral Deposits at the Beginning of the 21 st Century. Proceedings of the Joint sixth Biennial SGA-SEG Meeting (pp. 477-480).
      • Garcirrey
Encarnación Roda-Robles, Alfonso Pesquera (2007) Locality no. 4: The Phosphates-Rich Cañada Pegmatite (Aldehuela de La Bóveda, Salamanca, Spain) in ALEXANDRE LIMA & ENCARNACIÓN RODA ROBLES ed (2007) GRANITIC PEGMATITES: THE STATE OF THE ART - FIELD TRIP GUIDEBOOK. MEMÓRIAS N. º 9, UNIV. DO PORTO, FACULDADE DE CIÊNCIAS, DEPARTAMENTO DE GEOLOGIA pp 67-72.
Sri Lanka
 
  • Central Province
Fernando, G. W. A. R., Attanayake, A. N. B., & Hofmeister, W. (2005, September). Corundum-spinel-taafeite-scheelite bearing metasomatites in Bakamuna, Sri Lanka: modeling its formation. In Gem materials and modern analytical methods” Proceedings of the International Symposium. Hanoi (pp. 117-122).
Dissanayake, C. B., Chandrajith, R. O. H. A. N. A., & Tobschall, H. J. (2000). The geology, mineralogy and rare element geochemistry of the gem deposits of Sri Lanka. BULLETIN-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF FINLAND, 72(1/2), 5-20.
Kriegsman, L.M., Schumacher, J.C. (1999) Petrology of Sapphirine-bearing and Associated Granulites from Central Sri Lanka. Journal of Petrology, 40:8, 1211-1239.
  • North Central Province
    • Polonnaruwa District
LANKA, G. (1984). State Gem Corporation, Mount Lavinia, Sri Lanka. Non-Metallic Mineral Ores, 15, 343.
  • Sabaragamuwa Province
    • Ratnapura District
Shigley, J. E., Laurs, B. M., Janse, A. J. A., Elen, S., & Dirlam, D. M. (2010). Gem Localities of the 2000s. Gems & Gemology, 46(3).
Shigley, J. E., Dirlam, D. M., Laurs, B. M., Boehm, E. W., Bosshart, G., & Larson, W. F. (2000). Gem localities of the 1990s. Gems & Gemology, 36(4), 292-335.
Dissanayake, C. B., Chandrajith, R. O. H. A. N. A., & Tobschall, H. J. (2000). The geology, mineralogy and rare element geochemistry of the gem deposits of Sri Lanka. BULLETIN-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF FINLAND, 72(1/2), 5-20.
Dissanayake, C. B., Chandrajith, R. O. H. A. N. A., & Tobschall, H. J. (2000). The geology, mineralogy and rare element geochemistry of the gem deposits of Sri Lanka. BULLETIN-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF FINLAND, 72(1/2), 5-20.
; Rob Lavinsky; Shigley, J. E., Dirlam, D. M., Laurs, B. M., Boehm, E. W., Bosshart, G., & Larson, W. F. (2000). Gem localities of the 1990s. Gems & Gemology, 36(4), 292-335.
Econ Geol (1981) 76:733-738
  • Uva Province
    • Badulla District
      • Badulla
Rob Lavinsky; Shigley, J. E., Dirlam, D. M., Laurs, B. M., Boehm, E. W., Bosshart, G., & Larson, W. F. (2000). Gem localities of the 1990s. Gems & Gemology, 36(4), 292-335.
    • Moneragala District
Dissanayake, C. B., Chandrajith, R. O. H. A. N. A., & Tobschall, H. J. (2000). The geology, mineralogy and rare element geochemistry of the gem deposits of Sri Lanka. BULLETIN-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF FINLAND, 72(1/2), 5-20.
Mathavan, V., Kalubandara, S. T., & Fernando, G. W. A. R. (2000). Occurrences of two new types of gem deposits in Okkampitiya gem field in Sri Lanka.
G.R.Dharmaratne et al, (2012) Sapphires from Thammannawa, Kataragama Area, Sri Lanka, Gems & Gemology Summer 2012: 98
      • Wellawaya
Rob Lavinsky
  • Western Province
Dissanayake, C. B., Chandrajith, R. O. H. A. N. A., & Tobschall, H. J. (2000). The geology, mineralogy and rare element geochemistry of the gem deposits of Sri Lanka. BULLETIN-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF FINLAND, 72(1/2), 5-20.
    • Kalutara District
Dissanayake, C. B., Chandrajith, R. O. H. A. N. A., & Tobschall, H. J. (2000). The geology, mineralogy and rare element geochemistry of the gem deposits of Sri Lanka. BULLETIN-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF FINLAND, 72(1/2), 5-20.
Suriname
 
  • Nickerie District
De Roever, E.W.F. and Kieft, C. (1976) Grandidierite of contact-metamorphic origin from Maratakka, northwest Surinam. American Mineralogist, vol. 61, 332-333.
Swaziland
 
  • Hhohho District
Mineralogical Magazine 1899 12 : 96-101
  • Shiselweni District
Cairncross, B. (2004) Field guide to rocks & minerals of Southern Africa
Sweden
 
  • Blekinge
    • Karlshamn
  • Dalarna
    • Ludvika
  • Halland
    • Falkenberg
  • Närke
    • Askersund
      • Zinkgruvan
Sandström, F., Lorin, T, Niklasson, S.O. & Strand, U. (2011): Zinkgruvan. Litiofilen, 28 (1): 15-37
  • Norrbotten
    • Gällivare
Lyckberg, P. (2006): The Malmberget iron mine, Sweden- A world class mineral locality. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 33: 75-85
Lorin, T. & Sandström, F. (2014): Malmbergets geologi och mineralogi. Litofilen. 31 (4), 18-35
    • Jokkmokk
      • Kvikkjokk
GFF 37, 20
  • Småland
    • Jönköping
      • Gränna
Adamson, O. J. (1944): The Petrology of the Norra Kärr District. An occurrence of alkaline Rocks in Southern Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 66: 112-255
  • Uppland
    • Sigtuna
      • Arlanda
No reference listed
  • Värmland
    • Eda
      • Ulverud
Grensman, Fredrik (1991): Ulverud. En korundförande anortosit i Sydvästsverige 22 km V Arvika,Värmland. STEIN 18(2),8
    • Filipstad
Damman, A.H.(1989): Hydrothermal orthoamphibole-bearing assemblages from the Gåsborn area, West Bergslagen, central Sweden. American Mineralogist. 74, 573-585
      • Långban district
Kjell Gatedal
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
      • Skellefte mining district
        • Boliden
Kjell Gatedal; Econ Geol (1996) 91:1073-1087
Personal communication with geologists at the mine and in the collection of Göran Axelsson.
Malm i Sverige 2 (E. Grip& R. Frietsch) Sthlm 1973 "Ore in Sweden 2"
Switzerland
 
  • Bern
    • Hasli Valley
      • Grimsel area
        • Lower Aar glacier area
          • Lower Aar glacier
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 242.
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Mesolcina Valley (Misox)
      • Moesa
        • Roveredo
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 242.
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Arbedo-Castione
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 179.
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 216.
    • Centovalli
Weiβ, S., Fehr, T., Ansermet, S., Meisser, N., Pakhomovsky, Ya.K. (2007): Zirkonführende Nephelin-Pegmatite im Centovalli, Süd-Schweiz: Struktur, Mineralogie und Kristallisationsfolge. Lapis, 32, 6, 24-30.
    • Leventina
      • Piumogna Valley
Rovetti, A., Rovetti, I., and Pacciorini, M. (1994) Campolungo, Schweiz: Neufund der größten Korund-Kristalle der Alpen. Lapis 19(9), 35-40.; Roth, P. (2006) The early history of tremolite. Axis: 2(3): 1-10.; http://gemexplorer.org/archives/campolungo-switzerland
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 242.
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 134.
Tajikistan
 
  • Viloyati Mukhtori Gorno-Badakhshan (Viloyati Badakhshoni Kuni)
[MinRec 32:42]
      • Khorog Region
        • Shakhdara Range
E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 54
http://gemexplorer.org/archives/ruby-mines-east-tajikistan
Litvinenko A.K., Barnov N.G. (2010): The history of Pamirs gemstones. Izvestiya Visshikh Uchebnykh Zavedeniy, Geologiya Razvedka (Proceedings of Higher Educational Institutions, Geology and Prospecting), No. 4, 70–74 (in Russian).
E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 53
        • Rangkul
Elena S. Sorokina, Andrey K. Litvinenko, Wolfgang Hofmeister, Tobias Häger, Dorrit E. Jacob, and Zamoniddin Z. Nasriddinov (2015): Rubies and sapphires from Snezhnoe, Tajikistan. Gems & Gemology 51, 160-175.
Elena S. Sorokina, Andrey K. Litvinenko, Wolfgang Hofmeister, Tobias Häger, Dorrit E. Jacob, and Zamoniddin Z. Nasriddinov (2015): Rubies and sapphires from Snezhnoe, Tajikistan. Gems & Gemology 51, 160-175.; E.Ya. Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 51.
Smith, C.P. (1998): Rubies and pink sapphires from the Pamir Mountain Range in Tajikistan, former USSR. Journal of Gemmology, 26, 103-109.
E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 53
Eugenii Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of Gems
      • Pyandzh River Valley
Levitskii V.I.,e.a. (1990) Peculiarities of mineralogy and petrology of metasomatites with cordierite and cornerupine, - Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal, 12(5), p.58-68 (in Russian); Grew, E.S., Pertsev, N.N., Vrána, S., Yates, M.G., Shearer, C.K., and Wiedenbeck, M. (1998): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 131, 22-38.
        • Kukh-i-Lal (Kukhilal; Kuhi-lal)
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Grew, E.S., Pertsev, N.N., Vrána, S., Yates, M.G., Shearer, C.K., and Wiedenbeck, M. (1998): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 131, 22-38.
Tanzania
 
  • Arusha Region
    • Dumbawanga District
http://www.ganoksin.com/borisat/nenam/tanzania-mines.htm
Mineralogical Record 35:145
    • Lake Manyara
Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
Keulen, Nynke et al (2014) Determination of the origin of corundum (ruby and sapphire) from Tanzania by geochemical fingerprinting. 31st Nordic Geological Meeting, Lund Sweden.
      • Muriatata hills
Yang, Xiao-wen; Zhang, Liang-ju; Jia, Zong-yong (2012): Mineral composition characters and prospect of Longido red corundum deposit in Tanzania. Guilin Ligong Daxue Xuebao 32, 173-178 (in Chinese).
Hintze, J. (2010): Safari ndjema - Afrikanisches Tagebuch (II): Rubin in Zoisit - ein Klassiker aus Longido in Tansania. Lapis 35 (12), 15-19 (in German)
  • Dodoma Region
    • Kongwa District
      • Kongwa
Grew, E.S., Pertsev, N.N., Vrána, S., Yates, M.G., Shearer, C.K., and Wiedenbeck, M. (1998): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 131, 22-38.
    • Mpwapwa District (Mpwampwa)
      • Mpapwa
Schmetzer, K., Radl, W. & Schwarz, D. (2009): Winza ein neues Rubinvorkommen in Tansania. Lapis 34 (5), 41-46.; Keulen, Nynke et al (2014) Determination of the origin of corundum (ruby and sapphire) from Tanzania by geochemical fingerprinting. 31st Nordic Geological Meeting, Lund Sweden.
  • Morogoro Region
    • Kilosa District
Thomas Krassmann Collection
Maaskant, P., Coolen, J. J. M., & Burke, E. A. J. (1980). Hibonite and coexisting zoisite and clinozoisite in a calc-silicate granulite from southern Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine, 43(332), 995-1003.
Keulen, Nynke et al (2014) Determination of the origin of corundum (ruby and sapphire) from Tanzania by geochemical fingerprinting. 31st Nordic Geological Meeting, Lund Sweden.
Hintze, J. (2011): Afrikanisches Tagebuch (III): Die Spinelle von Mahenge, Tansania. Lapis 36 (7-8), 26-30.
Hintze, J. (2011): Afrikanisches Tagebuch (III): Die Spinelle von Mahenge, Tansania. Lapis 36 (7-8), 26-30.
Hintze, J. (2011): Afrikanisches Tagebuch (III): Die Spinelle von Mahenge, Tansania. Lapis 36 (7-8), 26-30.
Keulen, Nynke et al (2014) Determination of the origin of corundum (ruby and sapphire) from Tanzania by geochemical fingerprinting. 31st Nordic Geological Meeting, Lund Sweden.
  • Rukwa Region
    • Nkasi District
      • Chala village
Hamza Kondo, 2003 Tanzanian Ruby Find Brings Hope. Colored Stone
USGS (2003) Minerals Yearbook - Tanzania.
    • Sumbawanga District
USGS (2003) Minerals Yearbook - Tanzania.
USGS (2003) Minerals Yearbook - Tanzania.
  • Ruvuma Region
    • Mbinga District
The 1995 ICA World Gemstone Mining Report/Part 1 ICA Gazette
    • Songea Urban District
USGS (2003) Minerals Yearbook - Tanzania.; Lomthong, P. (2004) Characteristics of some Corundum from Songea Deposit, Tanzania.
    • Tunduru District
USGS (2003) Minerals Yearbook - Tanzania.; Macfarlane, M., Tallontire, A., & Martin, A. (2003). Towards an Ethical Jewellery Business. Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, London.
  • Tanga Region
    • Handeni District
Keulen, Nynke et al (2014) Determination of the origin of corundum (ruby and sapphire) from Tanzania by geochemical fingerprinting. 31st Nordic Geological Meeting, Lund Sweden.
Keulen, Nynke et al (2014) Determination of the origin of corundum (ruby and sapphire) from Tanzania by geochemical fingerprinting. 31st Nordic Geological Meeting, Lund Sweden. ; Zwaan, P. C., & Zwaan, P. C. (1974). Garnet, corundum and other gem minerals from Umba, Tanzania. Rijksmuseum van Geologie en Mineralogie.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Umba_sapphire
Thailand
Sutthirat, C., Saminpanya, S., Droop, G. T. R., Henderson, C. M. B., & Manning, D. A. C. (2001). Clinopyroxene-corundum assemblages from alkali basalt and alluvium, eastern Thailand: constraints on the origin of Thai rubies. Mineralogical Magazine, 65(2), 277-295.
  • Chanthaburi Province
Louis, Henry (1894) The Ruby and Sapphire Deposits of Moung Klung, Siam.Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. X, No. 48, September, 1894, pp. 267–272
E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 44
  • Kanchanaburi Province
    • Bo Phloi District
      • Bo Phloi
Choowong, M. (2002). Quaternary geology and sapphire deposits from the BO PHLOI gem field, Kanchanaburi Province, Western Thailand. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 20(2), 119-125.; Srithai, B., & Rankin, A. (2006). Geochemistry and genetic significance of melt inclusions in corundum from the Bo Ploi sapphire deposits, Thailand. In Ni Pei and Li Zhaolin. Nanjing: First Meeting Asia Current Research on Fluid Inclusion.; Limsuwan, R. “Bore-Pile Drilling” a New Choice for Deep Sampling for Placer Deposits of Gemstone.
  • Phrae Province
Limtrakun, P., Zaw, K., Ryan, C. G., & Mernagh, T. P. (2001). Formation of the Denchai gem sapphires, northern Thailand: evidence from mineral chemistry and fluid/melt inclusion characteristics. Mineralogical Magazine, 65(6), 725-735.
E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 44
    • Bo Rai District
E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 66
E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 66
E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 66
Togo
 
  • Centre Region
    • Sotouboua Prefecture
GODONOU, K.S., AREGBA, A. & ASSIH-EDEOU, P.: Notice explicative de la carte géologique au 1/200000: feuille de Sokodé.- DGMG et BNRM 1ere édition; Mémoire No3, 42 pages.
Turkey
 
  • Aegean Region
    • Denizli Province
      • Serinhisar District
        • Yatağan
http://e-collection.library.ethz.ch/eserv/eth:21496/eth-21496-02.pdf
    • Izmir Province
      • Efes (Ephesus)
Smith J L (1851) Memoir on Emery - Second Part - On the minerals associated with emery: corundum, hydrargillite, diaspore, zinc spinel, pholerite, ephesite (a new species), emerylite (a new species), muscovite, chloritoid (a new variety), black tourmaline, chlorite, magnetic oxyd of iron, oligiste iron, hydrated oxyd of iron, iron pyrites, rutile, ilmenite and titaniferous iron, American Journal of Science, 11, 53-66
    • Muğla Province
      • Milâs
Erik Vercammen collection
Uganda
 
  • Western Region
    • Mbarara District
      • Ankole pegmatite field
Oleg von Knorring, Th. G. Sahama and Jaakko Siivola (1979) Zincian Staurolite from Uganda. Mineralogical Magazine 43:446
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Ludgvan
        • Trencrom
Wilson, A. C. (1975). An Occurrence of Sapphire in the Land's End Granite, Cornwall. HM Stationery Office.
Hogg, T. (1825): A Manual of Mineralogy. Polyblank Publishers (London), p. 158
      • St Ives
        • Carbis Bay
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • St Just
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • Treverbyn
        • Stenalees
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
    • Cumbria
Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the Mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John van Voorst, London, ix. 483 pp. [facsimile reprint, with addenda, by Lapidary Publications, Broadstairs, 1977.]; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Greg & Lettsom, 1858 and Davidson & Thomson, 1951).
      • Eden
        • Mungrisdale
Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John Van Voorst, London, ix, 483 pp.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Greg & Lettsom, 1858 and Davidson & Thomson, 1951).
  • Scotland
    • Aberdeenshire
      • Rhynie
        • Lumsden
          • Clova
No reference listed
    • Argyll and Bute
      • Isle of Mull
        • Bunessan
BMS Database
        • Carsaig
No reference listed
No reference listed
No reference listed
No reference listed
N L. Bowen, J W. Greig and E G. Zies. Mullite, a silicate of alumina. Jour
No reference listed
Smith, D.G.W. (1965) The chemistry and mineralogy of some emery-like rocks from Sithean Sluaigh, Strachur, Argyllshire. American Mineralogist 50: 1982-2022.; Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
    • Highland
      • Ardnamurchan
        • Kilchoan
No reference listed
      • Ballachulish
Ferry, J.M. (1996) Three novel isograds in metamorphosed siliceous dolomites from the Ballachulish aureole, Scotland. American Mineralogist, 81(3-4), 485-496.
    • Outer Hebrides (Na h-Eileanan Siar)
      • Isle of Lewis and Harris
        • Lewis
Jackson, B. 1984. Sapphire from Loch Roag, Isle of Lewis, Scotland. J.Gemmol. 19,336-42
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk (Donets'k) Oblast
    • Central Donbass
      • Gorlovka
Petaev, M. I. (1995) Breakdown of Primary Na,Al-rich Pyroxene in an Al-rich Object from the Gorlovka H3-4 Chondrite: Evidence for Secondary Heating and Partial Melting: Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXVI: 1113-1114. (March 1995).
    • Donets Region (Donetsk)
      • Zachativsk station
American Mineralogist 54:1737
  • Mykolayiv Oblast (Nikolajev; Nikolayev; Nikolaev)
Strebel, R., J. Huth, and P. Hoppe (2000) In Situ Location by Cathodoluminescence and SIMS Isotopic Analysis of Small Corundum Grains in the Krymka Meteorite. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXI.
  • Zhytomyr Oblast (Zhitomir Oblast)
Lyckberg, P., Chornousenko, V. & Wilson, W. E. (2009): Volodarsk-Volynski, Zhitomir Oblast, Ukraine. Mineralogical Record, 40, 473-506.
United Arab Emirates
Cont. Min. & Petrol. 116 (4) (May 1994)
Uruguay
 
  • Lavalleja Department
    • Minas
Palache et al (1944), Dana's System of Mineralogy, 7th. ed., vol. 1: 680.
USA
 
  • Alabama
    • Chambers Co.
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120
Gems and Minerals of America- Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
      • Alexander City
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120
Gems and Minerals of America- Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120
Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 320-333
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull 120
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120; Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120; Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120
  • Alaska
    • Valdez-Cordova Borough
      • Chistochina District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Tohono O'odom (Papago) Indian Reservation
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 28.
    • Mohave Co.
Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 28.
      • Hualapai (Hualpai) Mts
        • Kingman area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 189.
      • Red Lake District
MRDS file #10060260.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Casa Grande District
        • Casa Grande
          • Casa Grande area
MRDS database Dep. ID #10234920, MAS ID 0040210221.
      • Gila River Indian Reservation
        • Sacaton Mts
          • Camp Rivers area
MRDS database Dep. ID #10026747; MRDS ID #M00056.
MRDS database Dep. ID #10113678, MAS ID #0040210152.
          • Sacaton Peak area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 189, 359; Wilson, E.D. (1969), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 179: 18-19.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of AZ, 3rd.ed.: 110, 187, 189, 372; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
    • Yavapai Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 189; McKee, E.H. & C.A. Anderson (1971), Age and chemistry of Tertiary volcanic rocks in northcentral AZ and relation of the rocks to the Colorado Plateaus, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull.: 82: 2767-2782.
  • Arkansas
    • Garland Co.
      • Lake Catherine
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125
  • California
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 160.
    • El Dorado Co.
      • West Belt
        • Coloma District
          • Coloma
            • Sutter Mill Bar and River (Old Sutter Mill site)
Zhao, X., Lin,Y., Yin,Q.-Z., Zhang, J., Hao, J., Zolensky, M. & Jenniskens, P. (2014) Presolar grains in the CM2 chondrite Sutter's Mill. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 2038-2046) (Nov 2014)
    • Fresno Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • New Idria District
          • Wright Mountain
Page, N.J. and Coleman, R.G. (1967) Serpentine mineral analyses and physical properties. USGS Professional Paper 575-B: 104; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 143.
    • Los Angeles Co.
Blake, Wm. P. (1866), Annotated catalogue of the principal mineral species hitherto recognized n California and the adjoining states and territories; being a report of the California State Board of Agriculture. 31 pp., Sacramento: 10; Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp.: 157; Kunz, George Frederick (1905a), Gems, jewelers’ materials, and ornamental stones of California: California Division Mines Bulletin 37, 171 pp.: 45.
      • San Gabriel Mts
        • Angeles Crest highway
Sharp, W.E. (1959) Minerals from Los Angeles County, California. Printed privately, Los Angeles, California: 38; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 143.
Eaton, A. L. 1946. Pomona club collects at mineralized Cascade Canyon. The Desert Magazine, Volume 9 Number 10, August. Desert Press, Inc. El Centro, California, p. 31, 40pp.
        • Claremont
Gay, T.E. and Hoffman, S.R. (1954) Mines and mineral deposits of Los Angeles County, California. California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division of Mines (Report 50): 50(3&4): 698; USGS MRDS database (2005).
      • Santa Catalina Island
Bradley, W.W. (1941), Thirty-seventh report of the State Mineralogist: California Division Mines Report 37: 194; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 452.
    • Mariposa Co.
      • Yosemite National Park
Rose, Robert Leon (1957), Andalusite and corundum-bearing pegmatites in Yosemite National Park, California: American Mineralogist: 42: 635; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 160; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 143.
    • Mono Co.
      • White Mts
        • White Mountain Peak
Peck, Albert B. (1924), Note on andalusite from California: a new use and some thermal properties: American Mineralogist: 9: 123-129; […California Mining Bureau. Report 20: 149-154 (1924)]; Kerr, Paul Francis (1932), Occurrence of andalusite and related minerals at White Mountain, California: Economic Geology: 27: 621; Gross, E.B. and Parwel, A. (1968) Rutile mineralization at the White Mountain andalusite deposit, California. Arkiv för Mineralogie och Geologi 4, No. 29: 493-497; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record 8, 478-486; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 143.
    • Plumas Co.
      • Edmanton District (Meadow Valley District)
        • Meadow Valley
Pratt, Joseph Hyde (1906), Corundum and its occurrence and distribution in the United States: USGS Bulletin 269: 42; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 255; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 431.; Andrew Lawson Univ. California, Dep. Geol. Bull. 3 (1903)219-229
        • Spanish Peak
Kunz, George Frederick (1900), Precious stones: Mineral Resources U.S., 1899: 436; Lawson, Andrew Cowper (1903), Plumasite, an oligoclase corundum rock, near Spanish Peak, California: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 3: 219; Kunz, George Frederick (1905a), Gems, jewelers’ materials, and ornamental stones of California: California Division Mines Bulletin 37, 171 pp.: 45; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 143.
    • Riverside Co.
      • Cahuilla District
        • Little Cahuilla Mountain
Webb, R. W. 1942. Two Andalusite Pegmatites from Riverside County, California. The American Mineralogist. 28(11-12):581-593.
      • Crestmore
[micromounts@yahoogroups.com]
      • El Cerrito
American Mineralogist (1930) 15: 79-80
      • Hemet
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Jurupa Valley
        • Jurupa Mts
Cooney, R.L. (1956), The mineralogy of the Jensen and Henshaw quarries near Riverside, California: Unpublished Master’s thesis, University of California at Los Angeles: 28; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 143; Devito, F. and Ordway, A. (1984), The Jensen Quarry, Riverside County, California. Mineralogical Record: 15(5): 273-290.
      • Menifee District (Auld District)
        • Winchester
Webb, R.W. (1943), Two andalusite pegmatites from Riverside County, California American Mineralogist: 28: 581; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 161; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 143.
      • Palm Springs
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10116211.
      • San Jacinto Mts
        • Soboba Hot Springs (Ritchey Hot Springs; White Sulphur Spring)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Rynerson, F. J. 1967. Exploring and Mining Gems & Gold in the West; Ch. 23, p. 151: Naturegraph Publishers, Inc., Happy Camp, California.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • San Gabriel Mts
Louderback, George Davis & Walter C. Blasdale (1910), Ruby corundum from San Bernardino County, California (abstract): Science, new series: 32: 31; […Geological Society of America Bulletin (1910): 21: 793]; Merriam, R. and Laudermilk, J. D. 1936. Two Diopsides from Southern California. The American Mineralogist: 21(11): 715-718; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 161; Eaton, A.L. (1946), Pomona club collects at mineralized Cascade Canyon. The Desert Magazine, Volume 9 Number 10, August. Desert Press, Inc. El Centro, California, p. 31, 40pp.; Shepherd, H. V. (2010, March). Zr-in-rutile Thermometry of a Ruby-bearing Metamorphic Rock, Cascade Canyon, San Bernardino County, CA. In Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, (Vol. 42, No. 1, p. 160).
        • Stoddard Peak
Schmeltz, Fred W. (1932), Lapis-lazuli in California: Rocks & Minerals: 7: 69; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 161.
      • Silver Lake District
        • Soda Mts
          • Baker
www.mineralsocal.org
    • San Diego Co.
      • Jacumba Mts
        • Jacumba District
          • Jacumba
            • Tule Mountain (Mount Tule; Tulley Mountain)
Merrill, F. J. H. 1914. Geology and Mineral Resources of San Diego and Imperial Counties: Gems, Lithia Minerals. California State Mining Bureau, San Francisco, Cal. California State Printing Office, December. Chapter 1: 73; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 161.
      • Jamul Mts
        • San Miguel Mountain
Kunz, George Frederick (1905a), Gems, jewelers’ materials, and ornamental stones of California: California Division Mines Bulletin 37, 171 pp.: 45; Merrill, F. J. H. 1914. Geology and Mineral Resources of San Diego and Imperial Counties: Gems, Lithia Minerals. California State Mining Bureau, San Francisco, Cal. California State Printing Office, December. Chapter 1, p 73.
      • Laguna Mts
        • Alpine
Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1905a), Dumortierite: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 19: 97; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 144.
  • Colorado
    • Chaffee Co.
      • Sedalia District
("Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997); U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 829
      • Turret District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Pearl, 1958. Colorado Gem Trails & Mineral Guide
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Clear Creek pegmatite Province
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997; U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 955
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
      • Georgetown District
        • Silver Plume
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Custer Co.
      • Hardscrabble District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 601-622 (2005)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Clear Creek pegmatite Province
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Larimer Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Moffat Co.
      • Great Divide Area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
      • Timberlake
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Routt Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Teller Co.
      • Cripple Creek District
        • Cripple Creek
Linda Semenyna P.Geo. (2014) at FLSmidth. Mineral Identification and Analysis MP-1 thru MP-12
Linda Semenyna P.Geo. (2014) at FLSmidth. Mineral Identification and Analysis MP-1 thru MP-12. Pg. 2, 5.
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
  • Connecticut
    • Fairfield Co.
Cook, Robert. (2008), Connoisseur's Choice: Kyanite, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Rocks & Minerals: 83:(6): 520.
Former Ronald Januzzi collection
    • Hartford Co.
      • Plainville
Shepard Collection
    • Litchfield Co.
      • Barkhamsted
Emerson, B. K. (1902), Note on Corundum and a Graphitic Essonite, from Barkhamsted, Connecticut. American Journal of Science: s. 4, 14: 234-6.
Cleaveland, Parker. (1822), Elementary Treatise on Mineralogy, 2nd ed. Cummings and Hilliard, Boston.; Hitchcock, Edward. (1823), A Sketch of the Geology, Mineralogy and Scenery of the Region Contiguous to the River Connecticut. American Journal of Science: s.1, 6: 1-86, 203-36, 7: 1-30. Robinson, Samuel. (1825), A Catalogue of American Minerals, With Their Localities; Including All Which Are Known to Exist in the United States and British Provinces, And Having the Towns, Counties, and Districts in Each State and Province Arranged Alphabetically. With an Appendix, Containing Additional Localities and a Tabular View. Cummings, Hilliard, & Co., Boston.
Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State, p.23
      • Roxbury
Januzzi, Ronald E. (1976): Mineral Localities of Connecticut and Southeastern New York State. Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Conn.; Januzzi, Ronald E. (1994): Mineral Data Book - Western Connecticut and Environs. Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Conn.
      • Washington
Januzzi, Ronald E. (1959): The Minerals of Western Connecticut and Southeastern New York. Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Connecticut.; Januzzi, Ronald E. (1976): The Mineral Localities of Connecticut and Southeastern New York State. Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Connecticut.
    • New London Co.
Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State
Shepard, Charles U. (1837): Report on the Geological Survey of Connecticut.
    • Windham Co.
      • Thompson
        • West Thompson
Rocks & Minerals. Vol. 70. No. 6
  • Delaware
Gems and Minerals of America- Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
Corundum and the peridotites of western North Carolina By Joseph Hyde Pratt, Joseph Volney Lewis
  • Florida
    • Clay Co.
Florida Geological Survey Spec. Pub. 35
    • Flagler Co.
      • Matanzas Inlet
Roswell Miller III (1945) The Heavy Minerals of Florida Beach and Dune Sands. American Mineralogist, 30, 65-75.
    • Indian River Co.
Roswell Miller III (1945) The Heavy Minerals of Florida Beach and Dune Sands. American Mineralogist, 30, 65-75.
    • Polk Co.
Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
    • Santa Rosa Co.
      • Santa Rosa Island
Roswell Miller III (1945) The Heavy Minerals of Florida Beach and Dune Sands. American Mineralogist, 30, 65-75.
    • St. Johns Co.
Roswell Miller III (1945) The heavy minerals of Florida beach and dune sands. American Mineralogist, 30, 65-75.
Roswell Miller III (1945) The Heavy Minerals of Florida Beach and Dune Sands. American Mineralogist, 30, 65-75.
    • St. Lucie Co.
      • Fort Pierce
Roswell Miller III (1945) The Heavy Minerals of Florida Beach and Dune Sands. American Mineralogist, 30, 65-75.
  • Georgia
    • Baldwin Co.
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    • Camden Co.
Econ Geol (1991) 86:436-443
Gems and Minerals of America-Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
      • Burwell Station
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
      • Carrollton
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
      • Villa Rica
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    • Cherokee Co.
      • Canton
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Gems and Minerals of America- Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
    • Cobb Co.
      • Clarkdale
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    • Columbia Co.
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    • Douglas Co.
      • Villa Rica
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Gems and Minerals of America- Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
    • Fulton Co.
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    • Habersham Co.
      • Alec Mountain
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
      • Sautee
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    • Hall Co.
      • Gainesville
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
    • Hart Co.
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    • Heard Co.
      • Centralhatchee
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Gems and Minerals of America- Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
      • Porter Springs
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    • Morgan Co.
      • Marks
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
      • Rutledge
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    • Oconee Co.
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    • Paulding Co.
      • Acworth
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
      • Brownsville
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    • Rabun Co.
      • Dillard
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
      • Pine Mountain
Rocks & Min.: 64:203.
Gems and Minerals of America- Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
      • Hiawassee
Rocks & Min.:64:204.
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Rocks & Min.:64:204.
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    • Troup Co.
      • Louise Chromite belt
        • Louise Chromite Deposit (Turner Property; Polhill Property; Owens Properties; Chromite Deposits Near Louise Georgia; Troup County Chromite Georgia)
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
      • West Point
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    • Union Co.
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
      • Trackrock Gap
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Rocks & Min.: 64:205.
    • Upson Co.
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
      • Thomaston
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    • Walton Co.
      • Monroe
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Gems and Minerals of America- Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
  • Idaho
    • Adams Co.
      • Meadows District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • New Meadows
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
Rocks & Min.: 9:165.
    • Boise Co.
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
    • Clearwater Co.
      • Pierce Area
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
      • Pierce City District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • Pierce City
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
Dake, 1956. NW Gem Trails, 2nd ed.
Dake, 1956. NW Gem Trails, 2nd ed.
    • Idaho Co.
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
      • Burgdorf District
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Lowell District
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
      • Resort District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
    • Latah Co.
Hwang, S. L., Shen, P., Chu, H. T., Yui, T. F., & Iizuka, Y. (2015). Origin of rutile needles in star garnet and implications for interpretation of inclusion textures in ultrahigh‐pressure metamorphic rocks. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 33(3), 249-272.
      • Joel Area
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
    • Owyhee Co.
      • Silver City District (Carson District)
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
    • Shoshone Co.
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
    • Valley Co.
      • Marble Creek District
        • Idaho Primitive Area
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • McCall
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
      • Smiths Ferry Area
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Indiana
Gems and Minerals of America- Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
Gems and Minerals of America- Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
  • Kentucky
    • Calloway Co.
Ernst Zinner, Sachiko Amari, Robert Guinness, Ann Nguyen, Frank J. Stadermann, Robert M. Walker & Roy S. Lewis (2003). Presolar spinel grains from the Murray and Murchison carbonaceous chondrites.
  • Maine
    • Cumberland Co.
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, Vol.1, p.26.
    • Hancock Co.
      • Blue Hill
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V.1.
    • Kennebec Co.
      • Litchfield
"Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al., 1998
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v.1.
  • Maryland
    • Calvert Co.
Roswell Miller III (1945) The heavy minerals of Florida beach and dune sands. American Mineralogist, 30, 65-75.
  • Massachusetts
    • Barnstable Co.
Kaye, Clifford A. and Mrose, Mary E. (1965). Magnetic Spherules, Colored Corundum, and Other Unusual Constituents of Heavy Beach Sand, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts (Geological Survey Reseach 1965, USGS Paper 525-C)
    • Dukes Co.
      • Martha's Vineyard
        • Chilmark
Kaye, Clifford A. and Mrose, Mary E. (1965). Magnetic Spherules, Colored Corundum, and Other Unusual Constituents of Heavy Beach Sand, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts (Geological Survey Research 1965, USGS Paper 525-C)
Gems and Minerals of America -Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
      • Chester
Min Rec (1978) 9:235-242
Alan R. Plante, Personal field notes, 1984
Alan R. Plante, Personal field notes, 1981-1985
Min Rec (1978) 9:235-242
Alan R. Plante, Personal field and lab notes, 1984-1987
Alan R. Plante, Personal field and lab notes, 1985-1987
Alan R. Plante, Personal field and lab notes, 1982-1985
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Pelham
Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.216-217.; Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
    • Plymouth Co.
Kaye, Clifford A. and Mrose, Mary E. (1965). Magnetic Spherules, Colored Corundum, and Other Unusual Constituents of Heavy Beach Sand, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts (Geological Survey Reseach 1965, USGS Paper 525-C)
  • Michigan
    • Iron Co.
      • Lake Ellen
Heinrich, Mineralogy of Michigan (2001)
    • Marquette Co.
      • Marquette iron range
        • Champion
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
    • Wayne Co.
      • Rockwood
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Montana
Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
Tony Nickischer
      • Ruby Range
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Am Min 49:430-435
Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
      • Orofino District
        • Dry Cottonwood Creek
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Gallatin Gateway
Rocks & Min.: 20:60.
Dana 6:A3:10; AmJourSci:33(1912):54; Rocks & Min.: 20:60.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Rocks & Min.: 20:60.
      • Gallatin Gateway (Salesville)
Heinrich, W. E. 1948. Pegmatite Mineral Deposits in Montana, Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology, Memoir 28.
    • Granite Co.
      • Rock Creek District
USGS Bull 269
      • Sapphire Mountains Area
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Jefferson Co.
Econ Geol (1984) 79:573-579
Berg MBMG Sapphires- of Deer Lodge-Butte area 2007
Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
      • Little Belt Mts
        • Yogo District
If there is sapphire there must be corundum.
      • Yogo District
U.S. BUR. MINES IC 7602, 1951, P. 43-44.
MONTANA BUREAU OF MINES & GEOLOGY MEMOIR 31, 1949, P. 47.
    • Lewis and Clark Co.
      • East Helena
        • Eldorado Bar
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240; Chris Tucker and John Betts specimens.
      • Helena District (Spring Hill District)
        • Helena area
Richard Gunter specimen
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240; Chris Tucker and John Betts specimens.
Mike Royal specimen
    • Madison Co.
      • Alder Gulch District (Virginia City District; Fairweather District)
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Ennis
Collection : Arliguie M
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
USGS Bull 269
      • Ruby Range
Gobla, M. J. (2012) Montana Mineral Locality Index. Rocks and Minerals 87:208-240.
      • Tidal Wave District
        • Bear Gulch
USGS Bull 574
    • Powell Co.
USGS Bull 269
Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
      • Butte District (Summit Valley District)
        • Butte
Berg, R.B. 2007 "Sapphires in the Butte-Deer Lodge Area, Montana" Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology, Bull. 134
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Virgin Mts
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Douglas Co.
      • Buckskin Range
        • Buckskin District (Smith Valley District)
NBMG Bull 73 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lyon, Douglas, and Ormsby Counties, Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Donnelly District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Highland District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Fitting District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Bull 58 Geology and Mineral Resources of Mineral County, Nevada
      • Hawthorne District (Pamlico District)
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
      • Rochester District
Ma, C. & Rossman, G.R. (2006)
  • New Hampshire
    • Belknap Co.
Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp242-261
    • Cheshire Co.
Schumacher and Robinson, 1987: Journal of Petrology 28 (6):1033-1073
    • Coos Co.
      • Lancaster
No reference listed
  • New Jersey
Gems and Minerals of America - Jay Ellis Ransom -1974
Gems and Minerals of America- Jay Ellis Ransom -1974
      • Franklin mining district
        • Franklin
Palache(1935):40.
          • Franklin Marble
Betancourt, P.P. (The Picking Table, Vol. 27(2):2-10.
        • Ogdensburg
Dunn, Pete J. (1995)
          • Sterling Hill
Palache(1935):41.
Palache(1935):41.
Palache(1935):41; Dunn & Frondel: Mineralogical Record:21:425-427 (1990); Dunn(1995):Pt4:590-591; Lemanski, Jr., C. S.
      • Hardyston Township
        • Rudeville
Rocks & Min.: 21:416, 576-577.
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 83.
      • Sparta Township
        • Franklin Marble
A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser (1978):9.
        • Sparta
The Minerals of NYC & Its Environs, NY Min. Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 71.
  • New Mexico
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd rev. ed., 1996
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Northrop (1996), Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd rev. ed.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd rev. ed., 1996
    • Taos Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
  • New York
    • Hamilton Co.
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
Van King
John H. Betts (2009) "The minerals of New York City", Rocks & Minerals, 84, 204-240.
    • Orange Co.
      • Town of Warwick
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Glenn Rhein
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 96.
    • Otsego Co.
Gems and Minerals of America- Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
    • St. Lawrence Co.
      • Pitcairn
        • Rose Road
Chamberlain, Steve C., M.R. Walter, D.G. Bailey, J. Chiarenzelli & G.W. Robinson (2014), A new collecting site at the Rose Road Locality, Pitcairn, St. Lawrence County, New York, a presentation to the 41st. Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 25, 2014.
      • Star Lake
        • Benson
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology Volume 101, Number 3 / March, 1989 Pages 350-360
    • Westchester Co.
Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 635-645
Van King
        • Montrose
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 70.; The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 72.
        • Toddville
Rocks & Min.: 7:91; 8:38.
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 86.
Rocks & Min.: 17:107.
Rocks & Min.: 15: 375.
www.Mcrocks.com
    • Buncombe Co.
Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J,1978,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina,Information Circular 24
Magma Field Trip Reports
      • Canton-Democrat
USGS Bull 1979
      • Montreat
Wilson, W.F and McKenzie,B.J. 1980, Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina, Information Circular 24
Everett Harrington
    • Burke Co.
      • Brindletown
Rocks & Min.:60:86.
Wilson,W.F.,and McKenzie,B.J (1978) Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina: NCGS Information Circular 24
Genth,Frederick Augustus (1891) The Minerals Of North Carolina;USGS Bulletion No.74
Genth,F.A (1891) The Minerals Of North Carolina;USGS Bulletion No.74
    • Clay Co.
American Mineralogist 27:233
Hadley,Jarvis B.,(1945) Preliminary Report On Corundum Deposits In The Buck Creek Peridotite,Clay County,North Carolina:U.S Deparment of the Interior,Bulletion 948-E
Dana 6:515,637 & 1075; Rocks & Min.: 23:414.
Hadley, Jarvis B.,(1945) Preliminary Report On Corundum Deposits In The Buck Creek Peridotite, Clay County, North Carolina: U.S Department of the Interior, Bulletion 948-E
Hadley, Jarvis B.,(1945) Preliminary Report On Corundum Deposits In The Buck Creek Peridotite, Clay County, North Carolina: U.S Department of the Interior:Bulletion 948-E
Richard James Jacquot,Jr.2003,Rock,Gem,and Mineral Collecting Sites in Western North Carolina,pg # 20 and 94
Hadley,Jarvis B.,(1945) Preliminary Report On Corundum Deposits In The Buck creek Peridotite,Clay County, North Carolina:U.S Department of the Interior,Bulletion 948-E
Hadley.Jarvis B.,(1945) Preliminary Report On Corundum Deposits In The Buck Creek Peridotite, Clay County, North Carolina: U.S Department of the Interior:Bulletion 948-E
Hadley,Jarvis B.,(1945) Preliminary Report On Corundum Deposits In The Buck Creek Peridotite, Clay County, North Carolina:U.S Deparment of the Interior,Bulletion 948-E
Michael Streeter,2003, A Rockhounding Guide to North Carolinas Blue Ridge Mountains
      • Elf
Pratt,J.H., and Lewis,J.V.,(1906) Corundum and Peridotites of Western North Carolina,North Carolina Geological Survey,Vol.1, pg. 298-299
      • Elf School area
Rocks & Min.:60:88.
    • Cleveland Co.
Joseph H. Pratt (1901) The Occurrence and Distribution of Corundum in the United States. 83.
      • Gaffney
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey,2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey,Reston,Virginia
U.S. Geological Survey,2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey,Reston,Virginia
Agortino,John P.D and Whitlow,Jesse W.(1985) Cassiterite Occurrences in the Shelby Area North and South Carolina: U.S Geological Survey Bulletin 1569
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
U.S Bureau of Mines,Spatial Data Extracted from the Minerals System/Mineral Industry Location System(MAS/MILS)CD-Rom,Sep,1995
    • Gaston Co.
Genth,F.A and Kerr,W.C,1881,Mineral and Mineral Localities of North Carolina,Geologic Survey
      • Lincolnton
Genth, F.A. and Kerr, W.C. (1881) Mineral Localities of North Carolina, Geologic Survey, North Carolina; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 910.
Genth,Frederick Augustus.,1891,The Minerals Of North Carolina;USGS Bulletion No.74
Genth,F.A.,1891,The Minerals Of North Carolina;USGS Bulletion No.74
      • Canton
Wegert, Daniel James,2006,Petrogenesis of a Sapphire-Bearing Pegmatite ,Old Pressley Mine, Canton, North Carolina:Vol.38 No.3 p.74
Richard James Jacquot,Jr,2003, Rock,Gem,and Mineral Collecting Sites In Western North Carolina, pg # 71; Streeter,Michael (2003) A Rockhounding Guide to North Carolinas Blue Ridge Mountains:pp.50-51
      • Retreat
Wilson,W.F, and McKenzie,B.J ,1978, Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina, Information Circular 24
U.S. Geological Survey,2005,Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey,Reston,Virginia
Genth,Frederick Augustus.,1891,The Minerals Of North Carolina;USGS Bulletion No.74
www.geology.enr.state.nc.us/proj_earth/mica_data...-18k
      • Statesville
Pratt,J.H.,and Lewis,J.V.,(1905)Corundum and peridotites of western North Carolina:North Carolina Geological Survey,Vol.1
Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,(1978)Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina:NCGS Information Circular 24
Dana 6:1077.
White,John Sampson.,(1979) Boehmite Exsolution In Corundum: American Mineralogist 64.1300-1302
      • Sapphire Valley
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; (2006) Screening of Historic Mines,Historic Asbestos Prospects, and Natural Asbestos Occurrences in North Carolina; North Carolina NOA Site Screening Summary Report
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Webster-Balsam
        • Caney Fork
Rocks & Min.: 23: 413.
Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J,1978, Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina ,Information Circular 24
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Lincolnton
Rocks & Min.: 60:56.
Dyar,M.Dary.,Taylor,Marjorie E.,Lotz,Timothy M.,Francis,Carl A., Guidotti,Charles V.,and Wise,Michael (1998) Inclusive chemical characterization of tourmaline;Mossbauer study of Fe valence and site occupancy: American Mineralogist,Vol.83,pg.848-864,1998. sample # 53,pg.851
      • Alarka
Rocks & Min.:60:55.
U.S Bureau of Mines,Spatial Data Extracted from the Minerals System/Mineral Industry Location System(MAS/MILS)CD-Rom,Sep,1995
Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J,1978,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina
U.S Bureau of Mines,Spatial Data Extacted from the Minerals System/Mineral Industry Location System(MAS/MILS)CD-Rom,Sep,1995.
U.S Bureau of Mines, Sep, 1995
U.S Bureau of Mines, Sep, 1995
USGS Bull 1042G
        • Ellijay District
          • Ellijay
Rocks & Min.: 23:414; 60:54.
            • Corundum Hill
Dana 7:I:678 & 694.
Rocks & Min.:60:54.; USGS Bull 269
Gerald M.Friedman,Sept 27,1951,Study Of Hogbomite
Dana 6:385.
Eckert, J. O., Jr., 1984, Stratigraphy, structure, and metamorphism in the east half of the Wayah Bald quadrangle, North Carolina: ...
http://www.rosecreekmine.com/
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Dana 6:1077.
U.S Bureau of Mines, Sep, 1995
Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J (1980) Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina : NCGS Information Circular 24
U.S Bureau of Mines, Sep,1995
U.S Bureau of Mines, Sep,1995
U.S Bureau of Mines, Sep,1995
U.S Bureau of Mines, Sep,1995
      • Mason Mountain
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S Geological Survey,2005,Mineral Resources Data System:U.S Geological Survey,Reston,Virginia
Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J (1980) Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina : NCGS Information Circular 24
Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J,1978,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina,Information Circular 24
Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J (1980) Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina : NCGS Information Circular 24
Corundum and the peridotites of western North Carolina By Joseph Hyde Pratt, Joseph Volney Lewis
Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J (1980) Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina : NCGS Information Circular 24
Dana 6: 1077.
Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J (1980) Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina : NCGS Information Circular 24
    • Madison Co.
      • Canton-Democrat
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Dana 6:1077.
      • Mars Hill
Rocks & Min.: 17:62; 60:91.
Genth,Frederick Augustus.,1891,The Minerals Of North Carolina;USGS Bulletion No.74
Genth,Frederick Augustus.,1891,The Minerals Of North Carolina;USGS Bulletion No.74
Genth,Frederick Augustus.,1891,The Minerals Of North Carolina;USGS Bulletion No.74
      • Gilkey
Wilson,W.F and McKenzie. B.J, 1980, Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina, Information Circular 24
      • Rutherfordton
Wilson W.F and McKenzie ,B.J ,1980, Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina,Information Circular 24
Genth,Frederick Augustus (1891) The Minerals Of North Carolina;USGS Bulletion No.74
    • Swain Co.
U.S. Geological Survey,2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey,Reston,Virginia
U.S Bureau of Mines/Spatial Data from the Minerals System/Mineral Industry Location System(Mas/Mils)CD-Rom,Sep,1995
Richard James Jacquot,Jr.2003,Rock,Gem,and Mineral Collecting Sites In Western North Carolina, pg # 144
      • Lake Toxaway
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Wake Co.
      • Barton's Creek
Rocks & Minerals 47:645-648 (1972)
Genth,F.A ,1891,The Minerals of North Carolina ;USGS Bulletion No.74
Speer,J.Alexander (1997) The Sims Pluton,Nash And Wilson Counties, North Carolina : NCGS Survey Bullein 97
    • Yancey Co.
      • Burnsville
        • Sampson Mt.
Corundum and the peridotites of western North Carolina By Joseph Hyde Pratt, Joseph Volney Lewis
C.W. Allen collection
      • Spruce Pine District
        • Celo
Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J. (1978) Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina: NCGS Information Circular 24, p.46
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • Newlin Township
        • Unionville
Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Society of PA, Inc.: 60; Grant, Raymond W. (Feb, 1971), "Pennsylvania Minerals (PM), PM(98), Keystone Newsletter.
www.libraries.psu.edu/emsl/guides/X/delaware.htm.
      • Middletown Township
        • Elwyn
Joe Dunleavy (Pers. Comm.)
Gordon's Mineralogy of Pennsylvania (1922) p. 191
AmMin 24:339
        • Lima
S.G. Gordon, "Mineralogy of Pennsylvania", 1922, p. 190
    • Lehigh Co.
      • Upper Milford Township
The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania - 1922; Samuel S. Gordon pg. 209
  • Puerto Rico
Broedel, C. H. (1961). Preliminary geologic map showing iron and copper prospects in the Juncos quadrangle, Puerto Rico (No. 326).
  • South Carolina
Gems and Minerals of America-Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
    • Anderson Co.
Bill Kohout
      • Gaffney Area
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Edgefield Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Laurens Co.
    • York Co.
      • Clover Area
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
AmMin 85:1617-1624
  • South Dakota
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone District
        • Keystone
Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Texas
    • Burleson Co.
U.S. Geological Survey,2005,Mineral Resources Data System :U.S Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
U.S. Geological Survey,2005,Mineral Resources Data System :U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
    • Llano Co.
      • Sandy Mountain
        • Sandy Mountain pegmatites
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
  • Utah
    • Millard Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Piute Co.
Mineralogical Magazine 1998 62 : 265-269
    • San Juan Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Sevier Co.
      • Koosharem
        • Pine Canyon
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Ophir District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Vermont
Rocks & Min. vol. 71 (1996)
    • Rutland Co.
      • Shrewsbury
        • Cuttingsville
Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
Nielson, Dennis in Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 40(2):141-148 (June, 1973)
Nielson, Dennis L. (1973). Silica diffusion at Ascutney Mountain, Vermont, Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 40(2):141-148.
  • Virginia
Owens, B.E.,Belkin, H.E., and Zerolis, J.M (2013) Margarite, Corundum, Gahnite, and Zincohogbomite in a blackwall, Raleigh Terrane, Eastern Piedmont Province, USA :Mineralogical Magazine, Oct 2013, Vol. 77 (7) pp. 2913-2929
    • Buckingham Co.
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Campbell Co.
      • Alta Vista
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Gems and Minerals of America-Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
    • Grayson Co.
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Henry Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Martinsville
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Patrick Co.
      • Stuart
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Pittsylvania Co.
Dana 7:694
    • Prince Edward Co.
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Riverside
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon 1975
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
    • Spokane Co.
      • Freeman
        • Silver Hill
USGS Bull 931H
    • Whitman Co.
      • Colton
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon 1975
  • Wisconsin
    • Dodge Co.
      • Iron Ridge District (Neda Iron District)
Hawley, J. & A. Bevan (1934) Mineralogy and genesis of the Mayville iron ore of Wisconsin: american Mineralogist: 19 (11): 493- 514.
  • Wyoming
    • Albany Co.
Rocks & Minerals 76:382
    • Fremont Co.
      • Granite Mts
        • Graham Ranch
Rocks & Minerals 76:386
Rocks & Minerals 76:386
Rocks & Minerals 76:387
      • Tin Cup Mountain
Rocks & Minerals 76:386
    • Platte Co.
Rocks & Minerals 76:389
Vietnam
 
  • Bac Kan Province
Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
Gems & Gemology (1995) 31 (3), 168-186
"Mario Lazzerini Denchi" Collection
Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
  • Đồng Nai Province
P.I. Fedorov and A.V. Koloskov (2005) Cenozoic Volcanism of Southeast asia in Petrology Vol.13 N.4 pgg 389-420
Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
Gems & Gemology (1995) 31 (3), 168-186
  • Nghe An Province (Nghe Tinh Province)
Van Long, P., Quang Vinh, H., Garnier, V., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Lhomme, T., Schwarz, D., Fallick, A.E., Dubessy, J. and Trong Trinh, P. (2004): Gem corundum deposits in Vietnam. Journal of Gemmology, 29, 129-142; Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
Nguyôn Kinh Quèc, Nguyôn Quúnh Anh () Aquamarine, Beryl And Possibility Of Finding Emerald And Alexandrite In Việt Nam. Generations, 41, 50-58.
Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
  • Quang Binh Province
Nguyôn Kinh Quèc, Nguyôn Quúnh Anh () Aquamarine, Beryl And Possibility Of Finding Emerald And Alexandrite In Việt Nam. Generations, 41, 50-58.
Shigley, J. E., Laurs, B. M., Janse, A. J. A., Elen, S., & Dirlam, D. M. (2010). Gem Localities of the 2000s. Gems & Gemology, 46(3).
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 66; Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
Le Thi-Thu Huong, Laura M. Otter, Tobias Häger, Tim Ullmann, Wolfgang Hofmeister, Ulrike Weis, and Klaus Peter Jochum (2016): A New Find of Danburite in the Luc Yen Mining Area, Vietnam. Gems & Gemology, 52 (4), 393-401.
Min Rec: Vol. 37, #3, pp 225-238
Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
Garnier, V., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Dubessy, J., Banks, D., Vinh, H.Q., Lhomme, T., Maluski, H., Pêcher, A., Bakhsh, K.A., Long, P.V., Trinh, P.T., and Schwarz, D. (2008): Marble-hosted ruby deposits from Central and Southeast Asia: Towards a new genetic model. Ore Geology Reviews 34, 169-191.
Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
Yemen
 
Dan Carlson Collection
Zimbabwe
 
  • Manicaland
    • Buhera District
Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 82.
  • Mashonaland Central
    • Mazowe District
Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 80.; W. Schreyer (1988) A discussion of: “Corundum, Cr-muscovite rocks at O'Briens, Zimbabwe: the conjunction of hydrothermal desilicification and LIL-element enrichment — geochemical and isotopic evidence” by Kerrich et al. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 100:552-554 ; Kerrich, R., Fyfe, W. S., Barnett, R. L., Blair, B. B., & Willmore, L. M. (1987). Corundum, Cr-muscovite rocks at O'Briens, Zimbabwe: the conjunction of hydrothermal desilicification and LIL-element enrichment—geochemical and isotopic evidence. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 95(4), 481-498.
    • Rushinga District
Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 82.
  • Mashonaland East
    • Goromonzi District
Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 82.
    • Mudzi District
Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 82.
  • Mashonaland West
    • Karoi District (Urungwe; Hurungwe District)
Grew, E. S., Yates, M. G., Shearer, C. K., & Wiedenbeck, M. (1997). Werdingite from the Urungwe district, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(5), 713-718.
  • Masvingo
Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 82.
MUGUMBATE, R. OESTERLEN, P.M., MASIYAMBIRI, S. & DUBE, W. (2001): Industrial Minerals and Rock Deposits of Zimbabwe.- Zimbabwe Geological Survey Mineral Resources Series No. 27., Harare; 159 pages.
  • Matabeleland South
Bartholomew, D. S. (1990). Base metal and industrial mineral deposits of Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe Geological Survey, Mineral Resources Survey No. 22
Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 82.
Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 82.
  • Midlands
Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 82.
Rocks & Minerals (1955) 30:464-471; Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 82.
Extra Lapis English 14:58-59
    • Shurugwi District (Selukwe District)
Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 82.
Outer Space
European Journal of Mineralogy; December; v. 19; no. 6; p. 771-782; DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2007/0019-1766
Gornitz, V. (2007) Hot & cold origins: the mineralogy of a comet. Mineral News, 23, #1, 1-4.; Ishii, H. A., Bradley, J. P., Dai, Z. R., Chi, M., Kearsley, A. T., Burchell, M. J., ... & Molster, F. (2008). Comparison of comet 81P/Wild 2 dust with interplanetary dust from comets. Science, 319(5862), 447-450.
The Moon
J. Frondel (2009), Lunar Mineralogy, Wiley Interscience
  • Fra Mauro Highlands
El Goresy, A., Ramdohr, P., & Taylor, L. A. (1971). The geochemistry of the opaque minerals in Apollo 14 crystalline rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 13(1), 121-129.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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