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Garnet Supergroup

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About Garnet SupergroupHide

X = Ca, Fe, etc., Z = Al, Cr, etc., T = Si, As, V, etc.
Crystal System:
Named from granatum (a pomegranate) for its resemblance to seeds of this fruit.
A group of cubic and pseudocubic nesosilicates, arsenates, vanadates and members with TO4 groups where T = Al, Fe3+, Te.
The current nomenclature was established by Grew et al. (2013).

Found in many rock types.

Note: Garnet group, synonymous with the colloquially used term garnet, is a group name encompassing the very common silicate garnets (almandine, spessartine, grossular, andradite etc.).

Classification of Garnet SupergroupHide

IMA Approved Group Name

Optical Data of Garnet SupergroupHide


Chemical Properties of Garnet SupergroupHide


X = Ca, Fe, etc., Z = Al, Cr, etc., T = Si, As, V, etc.

Crystallography of Garnet SupergroupHide

Crystal System:

Crystallographic forms of Garnet SupergroupHide

Crystal Atlas:
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Garnet no.1 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Garnet no.2 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Garnet no.3 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Garnet no.55 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Garnet no.84 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
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Synonyms of Garnet SupergroupHide

Other Language Names for Garnet SupergroupHide


Relationship of Garnet Supergroup to other SpeciesHide

Group Members:
Berzeliite Group 
  Berzeliite (NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
  Manganberzeliite NaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
  Palenzonaite (NaCa2)Mn2+2(VO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
  Schäferite Ca2NaMg2(VO4)3Iso.
Bitikleite Group 
  Bitikleite Ca3SbSn(AlO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
  Dzhuluite Ca3SbSnFe3+3O12Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
  Elbrusite Ca3(Zr1.5U6+0.5)Fe3+3O12Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
  Usturite Ca3SbZr(Fe3+O4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
Blythite Mn2+3Mn3+2[SiO4]3
Cryolithionite Na3Li3[AlF6]2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
Garnet Group X3Z2(SiO4)3
  Almandine Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
  Andradite Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
  Calderite (Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3Iso.
  Eringaite Ca3Sc2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
  Goldmanite Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3Iso.
  Grossular Ca3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
  Knorringite Mg3Cr2(SiO4)3Iso.
  Majorite Mg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3Iso.
  Menzerite-(Y) {(Y,REE),(Ca,Fe2+)}3{(Mg,Fe2+),(Fe3+,Al)}2[SiO4]3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
  Momoiite (Mn2+,Ca)3V3+2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
  Morimotoite Ca3(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
  Pyrope Mg3Al2(SiO4)3Iso.
  Spessartine Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
  Uvarovite Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
Henritermierite Group 
  Henritermierite Ca3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
  Holtstamite Ca3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
Katoite Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x (x = 1.5-3)Iso.
Khoharite Mg3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Monteneveite Ca3Sb5+2(Fe3+2Fe2+)O12Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
Nikmelnikovite Ca12Fe2+Fe3+3Al3(SiO4)6(OH)20Trig. 3 : R3
Schorlomite Group 
  Hutcheonite Ca3Ti2(SiAl2)O12Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
  Irinarassite Ca3Sn2Al2SiO12Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
  Kerimasite Ca3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
  Kimzeyite Ca3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
  Schorlomite Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
  Toturite Ca3Sn2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
Skiagite Fe2+3Fe3+2[SiO4]3
UM1984-37-SiO:CrMn Mn2+3(Cr3+,Mn3+)2Si3O12
Yafsoanite Ca3Zn3(TeO6)2Iso. m3 (2/m 3)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Garnet Supergroup in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for Garnet SupergroupHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hutton, Colin Osborne (1962), Composition of some garnets in low-grade schists Royal Society of New Zealand Geology 1: 129-133.
McConnell, D. (1964): Refringence of garnets and hydrogarnets. Canadian Mineralogist 8, 11-22.
Evans, B.W. (1965), Microprobe study of zoning in eclogite garnets: Geol. Soc. Amer. Abstract with Program: 54.
Sobolev, N.V., Jr., Kuznetsova, I.K., and Zyuzin, N.I. (1968) The petrology of grospydite xenoliths from the Zagadochnaya Kimberlite pipe in Yakutia. Journal of Petrology: 9: 253-280.
Dudley, P.P. (1969), Electron microprobe analyses of garnets in glaucophane schists and associated eclogites: American Mineralogist: 54: 1139-1150.
Sawatzky, G.A., Van Der Woude, F., and Morrish, A.H. (1969) Recoilness-fraction ratio for 57Fe in octahedral and tetrahedral sites of a spinel and a garnet. Physical Reviews: 183(2): 383-386.
Reid, A.M., Brown, R.W., DAwson, J.B., Whitfield, G.G., and Siebert, J.C. (1976) Garnet and pyroxene compositions in some diamondiferous eclogites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 58: 203-220.
Green, T.H. (1977) Garnet in silicic liquids and its possible use as a P-T indicator. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 65: 59-67.
Kolesnik, Y.N., Nogteva, V.V., and Paukov, I.Y. (1977) The specific heat of pyrope at 13 to 300 K and the thermodynamic parameters of some natural varieties of garnet. Geochemistry International 1977: 126-133.
Newton, R.C., Charlu, T.V., and Kleppa, O.J. (1977) Thermochemistry of high pressure garnets and clinopyroxenes in the system CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 41: 369-377.
Amthauer, G., McIver, J.R., Viljoen, E.A. (1979): 57Fe and 119Sn Mössbauer studies of natural tin-bearing garnets. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 4, 235–244.
Schwartz, K.B., Nolet, D.A., and Burns, R.G. (1980) Mössbauer spectroscopy and crystal chemistry of natural Fe-Ti garnets. American Mineralogist: 65: 142-153.
Smith, B.K. (1982), Plastic deformation of garnets; mechanical behavior and associated microstructures, 208 p. University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California.
Cecchini A., Franzini M., Troysi M.(1988): Nuovi dati sulla microdurezza dei granati. Atti Soc.Tosc.Sc.Nat., Mem., Serie A, 95, 21-28.
Bell, D.R., Ihinger, P.D., and Rossman, G.R. (1995) Quantitative analysis of trace OH in garnet and pyroxenes. American Mineralogist: 80: 465-474.
Mukhopadhyay, B., Holdaway, M.J., and Koziol, A.M. (1997) A statistical model of the thermodynamic mixing properties of Ca-Mg-Fe2+ garnets. American Mineralogist: 82: 165-181.
Nakano, T. and Ishikawa, Y. (1997) Chemical zoning of pegmatite garnets from the Ishikawa and Yamonoo areas, northeastern Japan. Geochem. Journal: 31: 105-118.
Kolesov, B.A. and Geiger, C.A. (1998) Raman spectra of silicate garnets. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 25: 142-151.
Voegele, V., J.I. Ando, P. Cordier, & R.C. Liebermann (1998), Plastic deformation of silicate garnets; , High-pressure experiments. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors: 108: 305-318.
Voegele, V., P. Cordier, V. Sautter, T.G. Sharp, J.M. Lardeaux, & F.O. Marques (1998), Plastic deformation of silicate garnets; II, Deformation microstructures in natural samples. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors: 108: 319-338.
Bofa Ballaran, T., Carpenter, M.A., Geiger, C.A., and Kozol, A. (1999) Local structural heterogeneity in garnet solid solutions. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 26: 554-569.
Wang, L., E.J. Essene, & . Zhang (1999), Mineral inclusions in pyrope crystals from Garnet Ridge, Arizona, USA; implications for processes in the upper mantle: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 135: 164-178.
Wang, Z., S. Ji, T.E. Rivers, D.R.M.E. Pattison, & R.F.E. Martin (1999): Deformations of silicate garnets; brittle-ductile transition and its geological implications, Mineral-scale processes in metamorphic petrology; the Kretz volume. Canadian Mineralogist: 37(2): 525-541.
Arredondo, E.H. and Rossman, G.R. (2002) Feasibility of determining the quantitative OH content of garnets with Raman spectroscopy. American Mineralogist: 87: 307-311.
Wang, L., Essene, E.J., and Zhang, Y. (2000) Direct observation of immiscibility in pyrope-almandine-grossular garnet. American Mineralogist: 85: 41-46.
Geiger, C. A. (2013): Garnet: A key phase in nature, the laboratory, and technology. Elements 9, 447-452.
Galoisy, L. (2013): Garnet: From stone to star. Elements 9, 453-456.
Grew, E. S., Locock, A. J., Mills, S. J., Galuskina, I. O., Galuskin, E. V., & Hålenius, U. (2013): Nomenclature of the garnet supergroup. American Mineralogist, 98, 785-811. []

Internet Links for Garnet SupergroupHide

Significant localities for Garnet SupergroupHide

Showing 101 significant localities out of 15,967 recorded on

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Thackaringa District
[Almandine] Dart, T. (2007) Thackaringa Garnets. The Australian and New Zealand Mineral Collector Magazine, No.2: 3-8.
  • Tasmania
    • Burnie City
      • Hampshire district
        • Kara Mines
[Andradite] Whitehead, 1990; Ralph Bottrill 6/10/2005.; Singoyi, B. (1995). Mineral paragenesis, geochemistry and fluid characteristics of the Kara scheelite-magnetite skarn deposit, Northwestern Tasmania (Masters dissertation, University of Tasmania).
  • Western Australia
    • Dundas Shire
      • Rawlinna
[Majorite] Smith, J. V.; Mason, Brian 1970 Pyroxene-Garnet Transformation in Coorara Meteorite. Science, Volume 168, Issue 3933, pp. 832-833
  • Styria
    • Murau District
      • St. Ruprecht
[Almandine] Dieter Dobnik;
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
[Calderite] KLEIN, C. (1966): Mineralogy and petrology of the metamorphosed Wabush iron formation, southwest Labrador. Journal of Petrology 7, 246-305. DUNN, P.J. (1979): On the validity of calderite. Canadian Mineralogist 17, 569-571.
  • Ontario
    • Parry Sound District
      • Georgian Bay
[Menzerite-(Y)] Grew E.S., Marsh J.H., Yates M.G., Lazic B., Armbruster T., Locock A., Bell S.W., Dyar M.D., Bernhardt H.J., Medenbach O. (2010): Menzerite-(Y), a new species, {(Y,REE)(Ca,Fe2+)2}[(Mg,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Al)](Si3)O12, from a felsic granulite, Parry Sound, Ontario, and a new garnet end-member, {Y2Ca}[Mg2](Si3)O12. The Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 1171-1193.
Czech Republic
[Pyrope] Danas System of Mineralogy 4th ed
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Ústí nad Labem District
[Grossular var: Hibschite] Ulrych, J. et al. (2000): Tertiary phonolite laccolith of Mariánská hora hill, N. Bohemia: geological, petrological and mineralogical characteristics. Acta Montana IRSM AS CR, series A No. 15 (116), p. 5-44.
  • Greenland
    • Sermersooq
      • Arsuk Fjord
        • Ivittuut (Ivigtut)
[Cryolithionite] Overs. K. D. (1904) Vid. Selsk. Forh.: 1: 3; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 99, 112.; Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
[Grossular] Favreau G., Meisser N., Chiappero P.J. (2004), Saint-Maime (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence): un exemple de pyrométamorphisme en région provençale, n°3, pp: 59-92
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Franconia
      • Aschaffenburg
        • Haibach
          • Wendelberg
[Spessartine] Beudant, 1832
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Neustadt an der Waldnaab
        • Irchenrieth
[Almandine] Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
[Schäferite] Krause, W., Blass, G., Effenberger, H., Schäferit, a new vanadium garnet from the Bellerberg volcano, Eifel, Germany, N. Jb. Miner. Mh. 1999 (3), 123-134
  • South Aegean
    • Paros
[Spessartine] Paraskevopoulos, G., & Marakis, G. (1972). Studies on the Mineral Spessartite from the Manganese Deposit District of the Paros Island, Greece. Chemie der Erde: Beiträge zur chemischen Mineralogie, Petrographie und Geologie, 295.
  • West Azerbaijan
    • Takab (Takan Tepe)
[Andradite var: Demantoid] Vachik Hairapetian Collection
  • Lazio
    • Viterbo Province
      • Montalto di Castro
        • Pietra Massa Locality
[Katoite] Passaglia, E. & Turconi, B. (1982): Silicati ed altri minerali di Montalto di Castro - VT. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1982, 97-110.
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
      • Ne
[Palenzonaite] Palenzona A. (1986) - Palenzonaite, Gamagarite ed Haradaite, Val Graveglia, Liguria - Riv Min. It, Milano, n. 1, 1986 pp. 13-16 and [MinRec 32:355]
  • Piedmont
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Villar Pellice
[Grossular var: Hessonite] Marco Macchieraldo, personal find
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • South Tirol
[Monteneveite] Karlsson, A., Holtstam, D., Bindi, L., Bonazzi, P. and Konrad-Schmolke, M. (2018) Monteneveite, IMA 2018-060. CNMNC Newsletter No. 45, October 2018: page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: xxx-xxx;
  • Ehime
    • Saijo City
[Momoiite] Tanaka, H. et al. (2010) Momoiite (Mn2+,Ca)3(V3+,Al)2Si3O12, a new manganese vanadium garnet from Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 105, 92-96. []
  • Kagoshima
    • Mishima village
      • Satsuma-Ioujima (Satsuma-Iwojima; Iou island)
        • Iodake (Iwodake; Ioudake)
[Garnet Group] Amir Akhavan Collection
  • Nara
    • Yoshino district
      • Tenkawa village
[Andradite] N. Shimobayashi, et al. (2005) Rainbow garnet from Tenkawa village in Nara. (; Yurie NAKAMURA, Takahiro KURIBAYASHI, Toshiro NAGASE, Hiroyuki IMAI (2017) Cation ordering in iridescent garnet from Tenkawa village, Nara prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 112, #2, 97-101. ,; Akira Miyake, Yohei Igami, Chang Yuhchyuan, Norimasa Shimobayashi, Kenji Tsuda (2018) CBED analysis of iridescent garnets from Tenkawa, Nara Prefecture, Japan. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 466
  • Okayama
    • Takahashi City
      • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
        • Fuka
[Morimotoite] Mineralogical Magazine (1995): 59: 115-120; Mineralogical Record: 27: 304.
  • Butha-Buthe District
[Knorringite] AmMin 53 (1968), 1833-1840
  • Chihuahua
    • Pueblito de Allende
[Hutcheonite] Ma, C. and Krot, A.N. (2013) Hutcheonite, IMA 2013-029. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2707; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709.
  • Veracruz
    • Tatatila Municipality
      • Piedra Parada
[Andradite var: Demantoid] Mineralogical Record Special Issue III, Nov.-Dec. 2003, Volume 34, No. 6
  • Drâa-Tafilalet
    • Ouarzazate Province
[Henritermierite] 92 (1969), 185; Handbook of Mineralogy 2/1 (1995)
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Omatako
[Calderite] VERMASS, F.H.S. (1952): Manganese-iron garnet from Otjosondu, South-West Africa. Mineralogical Magazine 29, 946-951; Dunn, P.J. (1979): On the validity of calderite. Canadian Mineralogist 17, 569-571; Amthauer, G., Katz-Lehnert, K., Lattard, D., Okrusch, M., Woermann, E. (1989): Crystal chemistry of natural Mn3+-bearing calderite-andradite garnets from Otjosondu, SWA/Namibia. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 189, 43-56; CLARK, A.M. (1993): Hey's Mineral Index (3rd ed.). Chapman and Hall, London, U.K. (107).; Cabral, A. R., Moore, J. M., Mapani, B. S., Koubová, M., & Sattler, C. D. (2011). Geochemical and mineralogical constraints on the genesis of the Otjosondu ferromanganese deposit, Namibia: hydrothermal exhalative versus hydrogenetic (including snowball-earth) origins. South African Journal of Geology, 114(1), 57-76.
  • Buskerud
[Andradite] d’Andrada, J. B. (1800): Der eigenschaften und kennzeichen einiger neuen fossilien aus Schweden und Norwegen nebst einigen chemischen bemerkungen ueber dieselben. Allgemeines Journal der Chemie 4, 28-39
  • Guarda
    • Almeida
      • Malpartida
[Spessartine] Felix Garcia Garcia Mineral Collection
  • Kabardino-Balkaria
    • Baksan Valley
      • Upper Chegem volcanic caldera (Verkhnechegemskaya caldera)
        • Lakargi Mt.
[Dzhuluite] Galuskina, I. O., Galuskin, E. V., Kusz, J., Dzierżanowski, P., Prusik, K., Gazeev, V. M., ... & Dubrovinsky, L. (2013). Dzhuluite, Ca3SbSnFe3+ 3O12, a new bitikleite-group garnet from the Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(2), 231-239
[Toturite] Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E.V. ,Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M. & Dzierżanowski, P. (2015): Fluorchegemite, Ca7(SiO4)3F2, a new mineral from the edgrewitebearing endoskarn zone of an altered xenolith in ignimbrites from Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardina-balkaria, Russia; Occurrence, crystal structure, and new data on the mineral assemblages. Canadian Mineralogist. 53, 325-344.
[Usturite] Gałuskina, I.O., Gałuskin, E.V., Armbruster, T., Lazić, B., Dzierżanowski, P., Gazeev, V.M, Prusik, K., Pertsev, N.N., Winiarski, A., Zadov, A.E., Wrzalik, R., Gurbanov, A.G. (2010): American Mineralogist 95(7), 959-967.
  • Murmansk Oblast
[Nikmelnikovite] Krivovichev, S.V., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Panikorovskii, T.L., Savchenko, E.E., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Selivanova, E.A., Kadyrova, G.I. and Ivanyuk, G.Y. (2019) Nikmelnikovite, IMA 2018-043. CNMNC Newsletter No. 47, February 2019, page 201; European Journal of Mineralogy, 31: 199–204.
  • Permskaya Oblast
    • Gornozavodskii area
      • Saranovskaya Village (Sarany)
[Uvarovite] [MinRec 25:218]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Суставов, С. Г., Шагалов, Е. С., Нурмухаметов, Ф. З., & Главатских, С. П. (2012). ПЕРВАЯ НАХОДКА В РОССИИ ОКСИГИДРАТОВ ХРОМА-ГРИМАЛЬДИТА И ГВИАНАИТА В ЮЖНО-САРАНОВСКОМ ХРОМИТОВОМ МЕСТОРОЖДЕНИИ. Литосфера, (3), 154-159.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Aldan Shield
      • Aldan
[Yafsoanite] ZVMO (1982) 111, 118-121; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Mirninsky District
[Eringaite] I. O. Galuskina, E. V. Galuskin, B. Lazic, T. Armbruster, P. DzierżAnowski, K. Prusik and R. Wrzalik(2010):Eringaite, Ca3Sc2(SiO4)3, a new mineral of the garnet group, Mineralogical Magazine, Vol.74(2), pp.365–373; Gałuskina, I.O., Gałuskin, E.V., Lazic, B., Armbruster, T., Dzierżanowski, P., Prusik, K., Wrzalik, R. (2010): Eringaite, Ca3Sc2(SiO4)3, a new mineral of the garnet group. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 365-373.
[Grossular] Handbuch der Mineralogie by CAS Hofmann,(1811) 1, 479; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Evseev, A. A. (1973) Siberia's Crystals and Symmetry in the Distribution of Occurences of Minerals. World of Stone 1:11-20
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Asbest
[Grossular] [MinRec 32:41]; Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
South Africa
  • Northern Cape
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
[Holtstamite] Am. Min. (2005): 90: 1946; European Journal of Mineralogy: 17(2): 375-382.
  • Örebro County
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
[Manganberzeliite] Igelström, L. J. (1878) Pyrrhoarsénite, nouveau minéral de Sjoegrufvan, paroisse de Grythyttan, gouvernement d'OErebro, Suède. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie, 9: 218-220
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
[Berzeliite] [MinRec 19:295, 10:216-217]; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
  • Geneva
    • Dardagny-Russin
[Garnet Group] PITTARD J.-J.(1936). La Recherche de l’or dans la Région de Genève, 93p., Société Générale d’Imprimerie, Genève
  • Grisons
    • Hinterrhein Valley
      • Rheinwald
        • Splügen
[Manganberzeliite] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 266.; Roth, P. & Meisser, N. (2011): I minerali dell'Alpe Tanatz. Passo dello Spluga (Grigioni, Svizzera). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2011, 90-99
  • Arusha Region
    • Monduli District
[Kerimasite] Zaitsev, A.N., Williams, C.T., Britvin, S.N., Kuznetsova, I.V., Spratt, J., Petrov, S.V., and Keller, J. (2010): Mineralogical Magazine 74(5), 803-820.
  • Manyara Region
    • Simanjiro District
[Grossular var: Tsavorite] Feneyrol J., Gaston,G., Ohnenstetter D., Le Goff E., Malisa, E. P.J., Saul, M. Saul, E. Saul, J. & Pardieu, V. (2010): Lithostratigraphic and structural controls of ‘tsavorite’ deposits at Lemshuku, Merelani area, Tanzania. Comptes Rendus Geoscience. 342 (10), 778-785.
  • Aydin Province
[Almandine] Gübelin, E. and Wolgensinger, M. (1976) Edelstenen. Uitgeverij Artis, Brussel (in Dutch).; Galoisy, L. (2013) Garnet: From Stone to Star. Elements, 9(6), 453-456.; Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols;
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
[Schorlomite] Shepard CU: Amer.J.Sci. 2nd ser.(1846) 2, 249-254; Chakhmouradian, A. R.; McCammon, C. A. (2005): Schorlomite: a discussion of the crystal chemistry, formula, and inter-species boundaries. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 32, 277-289.; Rocks and Minerals, (1976) 51:495-507
[Kimzeyite] Rocks & Min.: 64:326.
  • Colorado
    • Chaffee Co.
      • Sedalia Mining District
[Almandine] Penfield, S.L., Sperry, F.L. (1886) On pseudomorphs of garnet from Lake Superior and Salida, Colorado. American Journal of Science, series 3, 32, 307-311; Van Alstine, R.E. (1974) Geology and mineral deposits of the Poncha Springs SE Quadrangle, Chaffee County, Colorado. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 829.; Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.; Voynick, S.M. (1994) Colorado Rockhounding: A Guide to Minerals, Gemstones, and Fossils. Mountain Press Publishing Company, Inc., Missoula MT, 384 pages.; Eckel, Edwin B. (1997) Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised, photo 4.; Mineralogical Record (2001) 32, 245.; Heimann, Adriana, Spry, Paul G., Teale, Graham S. (2005) Zincian spinel associated with metamorphosed proterozoic base-metal sulfide occurrences, Colorado: A re-evaluation of gahnite composition as a guide in exploration. The Canadian Mineralogist, 43(2), 601-622.; Rocks & Minerals (xxxx) 17, 204.
    • Clear Creek Co.
[Grossular] "Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • Larimer Co.
      • Crystal Mountain Pegmatite Mining District (Storm Mountain Mining District)
[Garnet Group] Maneotis: 2008
  • Connecticut
    • Fairfield County
      • Redding (Reading)
        • Redding Glen (Redding Ridge)
[Almandine] Silliman, Benjamin. (1821), Remarkable Locality of Garnet, American Journal of Science, 1st series: 3(2): 241-2.; Manchester, James G. (1931): The Minerals of New York City and Its Environs. New York Mineralogical Club Bulletin: 3(1): 85.
[Grossular var: Hessonite] Murphy, Raymond H., Jr. (1966), Mineralogy of West Redding, Conn., Garnet Locality, Rocks and Minerals, 41(12): 896-897.
      • Trumbull
        • Long Hill
[Grossular] Shannon, Earl V. (1921b), Some Minerals from the Old Tungsten Mine at Long Hill in Trumbull, Connecticut. Proceedings U.S. National Museum: 58(2348): 469-482.; Dave Bodnar collection.
[Grossular] P. Cristofono collection; Dave Bodnar collection.
      • Weston
[Almandine] Hiller, John. (1967), unpublished sketch map.
      • Wilton
[Almandine] Harold Moritz collection
    • Hartford Co.
      • Glastonbury
[Almandine]; Rocks & Minerals (1995) 70:396-409
    • Litchfield Co.
      • Barkhamsted
[Grossular] Emerson, B. K. (1902), Note on Corundum and a Graphitic Essonite, from Barkhamsted, Connecticut. American Journal of Science: s. 4, 14: 234-6.
      • Litchfield
[Almandine] Hiller, John. (1982), Unpublished sketch map.; Gates, Robert M. and Nikolas L. Christensen. (1965). The Bedrock Geology of the West Torrington Quadrangle. State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut Quadrangle Report No. 17.
      • New Hartford
[Almandine] Taylor, Steuben. (1823). Localities of minerals. American Journal of Science: s. 1, 6: 246.
      • New Milford
        • Upper Merryall
[Almandine] Van King; USGS Prof Paper 255; Januzzi (1959); Elwell, Wilbur. (1937): Some Old Localities in Connecticut. Rocks and Minerals, vol 12, no. 9, pp. 270-1.
      • Roxbury
[Almandine] Yedlin, Leo N. (1947), Garnet at Roxbury and W. Redding, Conn. Rocks and Minerals, 22(9): 824-825.; Hiller, John. (1983), The Green's Farm Garnet Mine. Gems and Minerals: (547): 34-36.
    • Middlesex Co.
      • East Hampton (Chatham)
[Almandine] Harold Moritz observations.
        • Middle Haddam
[Almandine] Taylor, Steuben. (1824), Miscellaneous localities of minerals. American Journal of Science: s. 1, 7: 253-4.; Schairer, J. F. (1931), The Minerals of Connecticut. State Geological and Natural History Survey Bulletin 51.
[Almandine] Field collected by Harold Moritz, confirmed by XRF.
      • Haddam
[Spessartine] Seybert, Henry (1823): Analysis of a manganesian garnet from Haddam. American Journal of Science s. 1, v. 6, p. 155-57.
        • Haddam Neck
[Almandine] Harold Moritz collection and photo
[Grossular] Davis, James W. (1901): The Minerals of Haddam, Conn. Mineral Collector, v. 8, no. 4, pp. 50-54, and no. 5, pp. 65-70.
[Spessartine] Seaman, David M. and Robert P. Gallant (1960): SPESSARTITE GARNET WITH HEXOCTAHEDRAL FACES FROM JAIL HILL, HADDAM, CONNECTICUT Rocks & Minerals, Vol. 35, Nos. 9-10, pp. 445-8.; Schooner, Richard. (1961): THE MINERALOGY OF CONNECTICUT.; Rocks & Min.: 70:403; Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut minerals.
[Almandine] Harold Moritz collection
      • Middletown
[Almandine] Harold Moritz collection
    • New Haven Co.
      • Hamden
[Andradite var: Topazolite] Dana, Edward S. (1877): On the occurrence of Garnets with the Trap of New Haven, Connecticut. American Journal of Science Series 3, Volume 14, page 215.; Longwell & Dana, 1932. Walks & Rides in Central CT & MA, p.228.
      • New Haven
[Andradite var: Melanite] Dana, Edward S. (1877): On the occurrence of Garnets with the Trap of New Haven, Connecticut. American Journal of Science Series 3, Volume 14, page 215.
    • New London Co.
      • Colchester
        • Westchester
[Almandine] Jarnot & Jarnot (2004)
      • Lisbon
[Almandine] Field observations
    • Tolland Co.
      • Tolland
[Almandine] Skehan, James W. (2008), Roadside Geology of Connecticut and Rhode Island. Mountain Press, Missuola, Montana: 110.
      • Willington
        • West Willington
[Almandine] Ague, J. J. (1995): Deep Crustal Growth of Quartz, Kyanite and Garnet into Large-Aperature, fluid-filled fractures, northeastern Connecticut, USA. Journal of Metamorphic Geology: 13: 299-314.
  • Delaware
    • New Castle Co.
      • Wilmington
[Almandine] "Arthur Koch - collection"
  • Maine
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Casco
[Grossular] "Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B.,, 1998
  • Massachusetts
    • Franklin Co.
[Almandine] Harvard Museum of Natural History, no.117812
    • Hampden Co.
      • Russell
[Almandine] Kunz, George F. (1885). Precious Stones - abstract from Mineral Resources of the United States, Calendar Years 1883 and 1884 (Washington, DC: USGS), p. 746; Emerson, B. K. (1895): A Mineralogical Lexicon of Franklin, Hampshire, and Hampden Counties, Massachusetts (USGS Bulletin 126).
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Plainfield
[Spessartine] Dunn, P. J. (1976). On gem rhodonite from Massachusetts (J. Gemm 15(2): 76-80.)
  • New Hampshire
    • Hillsborough Co.
      • Amherst
[Grossular] P. Cristofono collection; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
[Andradite] Dunn(1995): Pt3: 357-359.
  • New Mexico
    • Cibola Co.
      • Laguna subdistrict
        • Sandy Mine
[Goldmanite] Moench, R.H. & Meyrowitz, R. (1964): Goldmanite, a vanadium garnet from Laguna, New Mexico. American Mineralogist. 49, 644-655
  • New York
    • Putnam Co.
      • Town of Southeast
        • Brewster
[Grossular] Januzzi (1976) Mineral Localities of Connecticut & Southeastern New York State (Dana, 1874) (Januzzi, 1966, 1989) (Manchester, 1931) (Trainer, 1938) (Whit¬lock, 1903).
  • North Carolina
    • Madison Co.
      • Marshall
[Almandine] Michael Streeter.,2003,A Rockhounding Guide to North Carolinas Blue Ridge Mountains:pp.66-67 Wilson,W.F and McKenzie, B.J.,1980,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina :NCGS Information Circular 24 pg. 38
[Grossular] K. Wood collection
  • Mashonaland East
    • Mutoko District (Mtoko District)
[Almandine] P Haas collection
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