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Hypercinnabar

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About HypercinnabarHide

Formula:
HgS
Hardness:
3
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
In allusion to the fact that the stability field of the species extends to higher temperatures than that of cinnabar or metacinnabar.
Polymorph of:
The high-temperature phase of mercury sulphide, HgS. It shows a slight deficiency in Hg [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"].
Structurally related to the Wurtzite Group.

Intimately associated with metacinnabar, which it generally resembles.





Classification of HypercinnabarHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1978
2.CD.15b

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
D : With Sn, Pb, Hg, etc.
2.8.8.1

2 : SULFIDES
8 : AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
3.5.2

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
5 : Sulphides etc. of Hg and Tl

Pronounciation of HypercinnabarHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of HypercinnabarHide

Hardness:

Optical Data of HypercinnabarHide

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 2.610 nε = 2.850
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.240
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of HypercinnabarHide

Formula:
HgS

Crystallography of HypercinnabarHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.01(3) Å, c = 14.13(7) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.016
Unit Cell V:
601.32 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Comment:
Space group not determined.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.70 (70)
3.43 (80)
3.08 (100)
2.97 (60)
2.80 (90)
1.980 (100)
1.892 (100)
(

Type Occurrence of HypercinnabarHide

Synonyms of HypercinnabarHide

Relationship of Hypercinnabar to other SpeciesHide

Structurally related to group(s):

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Metacinnabar1 photo of Hypercinnabar associated with Metacinnabar on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.CD.05HerzenbergiteSnSOrth.
2.CD.05TeallitePbSnS2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.CD.10AlabanditeMnSIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CD.10AltaitePbTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CD.10ClausthalitePbSeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CD.10GalenaPbSIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CD.10Niningerite(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)SIso.
2.CD.10Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)SIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CD.10Keilite(Fe2+,Mg)SIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CD.15aCinnabarHgSTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.5.1CinnabarHgSTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
3.5.3MetacinnabarHgSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
3.5.4ImiteriteAg2HgS2Mon.
3.5.5TiemanniteHgSeIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
3.5.6BalkaniteCu9Ag5HgS8Mon. 2/m : P2/m
3.5.7Danielsite(Cu,Ag)14HgS8Orth.
3.5.8ColoradoiteHgTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
3.5.9GortdrumiteCu24Fe2Hg9S23Tric. 1 : P1
3.5.10Polhemusite(Zn,Hg)STet.
3.5.11CarliniteTl2STrig. 3 : R3
3.5.12CrookesiteCu7(Tl, Ag)Se4Tet.
3.5.13SabatieriteCu6TlSe4Orth.
3.5.14PicotpauliteTlFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
3.5.15RaguiniteTlFeS2Orth.
3.5.16ThalcusiteTl2Cu3FeS4Tet.
3.5.17BukoviteTl2(Cu,Fe)4Se4Tet.
3.5.18GalliteCuGaS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
3.5.19RoquesiteCuInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
3.5.20InditeFeIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
Contains mercury - always wash hands after handling. Avoid inhaling dust when breaking. Never lick or ingest. Do not heat in unventilated environment - emits toxic Hg fumes.

References for HypercinnabarHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Potter, R.W. and H.L. Barnes (1978): Phase relations in the binary Hg–S. Amer. Mineral., 63, 1143–1152.

Internet Links for HypercinnabarHide

Localities for HypercinnabarHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Osh Region
    • Alai Range (Alay Range)
[Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
    • Murchison Range
      • Gravelotte
        • Monarch Cinnabar mine
Minerals of South Africa
USA (TL)
 
  • California
    • Contra Costa Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Clayton
          • Mount Diablo (Mt Diablo)
[Am Min 63 (1978), 1143; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
  • Michigan
    • Baraga Co.
      • Huron River
Olds, T. (2012) Mercury minerals of the Huron River Uranium Prospect, Baraga County, Michigan. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #2, 134-139.
  • Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Manhattan District
          • Manhattan
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Mineral and/or Locality  
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