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About Kësterite Hide

Greenish black
Crystal System:
Member of:
First described as "Silver-zinc stannite" in 1948. Named by V.N.Soboleva in 1956 as kësterite, after the discovery locality Këster (Kester; Кестёр) deposit, Arga-Ynnakh-Khai granite massif, Yakutia, Eastern-Siberian Region, Russia.
Stannite Group. The zinc analogue of ferrokësterite. Compare 'UM1981-19-S:CuSnZn'.

Classification of Kësterite Hide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
B : With Zn, Fe, Cu, Ag, etc.

9 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1

6 : Sulphosalts - Sulphostannates, Sulphogermanates,Sulpharsenates, Sulphantimonates, Sulphovanadates and Sulphohalides
1 : Sulphostannates and other sulfides containing Sn

Physical Properties of Kësterite Hide

Greenish black
4½ on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of Kësterite Hide


Crystallography of Kësterite Hide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
4 - Disphenoidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.427 Å, c = 10.871 Å
a:c = 1 : 2.003
Unit Cell V:
320.18 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Space group possibly I-42m (Bonazzi et al., 2003). Pseudocubic.

Type Occurrence of Kësterite Hide

Synonyms of Kësterite Hide

Other Language Names for Kësterite Hide

Relationship of Kësterite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
ČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
FamatiniteCu3SbS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
FerrokësteriteCu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 : I4
HocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
KeutschiteCu2AgAsS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
LuzoniteCu3AsS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
OmariniiteCu8Fe2ZnGe2S12Orth. 2 2 2 : I2 2 2
PirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
StanniteCu2FeSnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
Unnamed (Cu-Zn-In Sulphide)CuZn2InS4
ZincobriartiteCu2(Zn,Fe)(Ge,Ga)S4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
Structurally related to group(s):
Kësterite SubgroupUnnecessary name for a "subgroup" (of the stannite group) comprising kësterite and ...
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Mushistonite81 photos of Kësterite associated with Mushistonite on
Muscovite49 photos of Kësterite associated with Muscovite on
Malachite21 photos of Kësterite associated with Malachite on
Beryl19 photos of Kësterite associated with Beryl on
Quartz15 photos of Kësterite associated with Quartz on
Aquamarine13 photos of Kësterite associated with Aquamarine on
Varlamoffite11 photos of Kësterite associated with Varlamoffite on
Goshenite10 photos of Kësterite associated with Goshenite on
Cassiterite9 photos of Kësterite associated with Cassiterite on
Calcite6 photos of Kësterite associated with Calcite on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.CB.05aColoradoiteHgTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.CB.05aHawleyiteCdSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aMetacinnabarHgSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05bSakuraiite(Cu,Zn,Fe)3(In,Sn)S4 Iso.
2.CB.05aSphaleriteZnSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aTiemanniteHgSeIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aRudashevskyite(Fe,Zn)SIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.10aChalcopyriteCuFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10aGalliteCuGaS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bHaycockiteCu4Fe5S8Orth. 2 2 2
2.CB.10aLenaiteAgFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10aRoquesiteCuInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bTalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
2.CB.10aLaforêtiteAgInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.15aČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aFerrokësteriteCu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aHocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aPirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aStanniteCu2FeSnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15cUM2006-11-S:CuFeGeZnCu8(Fe,Zn)3Ge2S12 (?)
2.CB.20ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.20MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.30ColusiteCu13VAs3S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
2.CB.30GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
2.CB.30Ovamboite Cu20(Fe,Cu,Zn)6W2Ge6S32Iso.
2.CB.35aKiddcreekiteCu6SnWS8Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.35aRenierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16Tet. 4 2m : P4 2c
2.CB.35bCatamarcaiteCu6GeWS8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.40LautiteCuAsSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.CB.45CadmoseliteCdSeHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45GreenockiteCdSHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45RambergiteMnSHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Buseckite(Fe,Zn,Mn)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.55aCubaniteCuFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.55bIsocubaniteCuFe2S3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CB.60PicotpauliteTlFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
2.CB.65ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3Mon. 2/m
2.CB.65SternbergiteAgFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.80EmpressiteAgTeOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.85MuthmanniteAuAgTe2Mon. 2/m : P2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide 4 2m : I4 2mČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m,Zn)GeS4Tet.,Zn,Fe)3(In,Sn)S4 Iso.,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m 4 : I4ësteriteCu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 : I4

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

6.1.5KiddcreekiteCu6SnWS8Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m
6.1.6StanniteCu2FeSnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
6.1.7RhodostanniteCu2FeSn3S8Tet. 4/m : I41/a
6.1.8MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
6.1.9ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
6.1.10FerrokësteriteCu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 : I4
6.1.13ČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
6.1.15PirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
6.1.16HocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
6.1.17TeallitePbSnS2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
6.1.18FranckeiteFe2+(Pb,Sn2+)6Sn4+2Sb2S14Tric. 1 : P1
6.1.20CylindritePb3Sn4FeSb2S14Tric. 1 : P1
6.1.22Sakuraiite(Cu,Zn,Fe)3(In,Sn)S4 Iso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Kësterite Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Ivanov, V.V. and Y.A. Pyatenko (1958): On the so-called kësterite [kesterite]. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 88, 165-168.
American Mineralogist (1958): 43: 1222.
American Mineralogist (1959): 44: 1329.
Hall, S.R., J.T. Szymański, and J.M. Stewart (1978): Kesterite, Cu2(Zn, Fe)SnS4, and stannite, Cu2(Fe, Zn)SnS4, structurally similar but distinct minerals. Can. Mineral., 16, 131–137.
Kissin, S.A. and D.R. Owens (1979): New data on stannite and related tin sulfide minerals. Can. Mineral., 17, 125–135.
Kissin, S. A. & Owens, D. R. (1989) The relatives of stannite in the light of new data. Canadian Mineralogist, 27, 673-688. [includes discreditation of isostannite and its recognition as being identical to kesterite]
Canadian Mineralogist: 27: 689-697.
Bonazzi, P., L. Bindi, G.P. Bernardini, and S. Menchetti (2003): A model for the mechanism of incorporation of Cu, Fe and Zn in the stannite-kësterite series, Cu2FeSnS4−Cu2ZnSnS4. Can. Mineral., 41, 639–649.
S. Schorr, H.-J. Höbler, M. Tovar (2007): A neutron diffraction study of the stannite-kesterite solid solution series. Eur. J. Mineral., 19, 65-73.
S. Schorr & G. Gonzalez-Aviles (2009): In-situ investigation of the structural phase transition in kesterite. Physica Status Solidi a 206, 1054-1058.
Marcel Quennet, Anna Ritscher, Martin Lerch, Beate Paulus (2017): The order-disorder transition in Cu2ZnSnS4: A theoretical and experimental study. J. Solid STate Chem. 250, 140-144.

Internet Links for Kësterite Hide

Localities for Kësterite Hide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Catamarca
    • Andalgalá Department
Hubert, P., Werner, H., & Dan, T. (2009). A contribution to the knowledge of the mineralization at Mina Capillitas, Catamarca. Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina, 64(3), 514-524.
      • Cerro Atajo
MARQUEZ-ZAVALIA, M. F. and GALLISKI, M. A.. Chatkalita, nekrasovita y otros minerales del grupo de la estannita de veta María Eugenia, Cerro Atajo, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2007, vol.62, n.2, pp. 289-298.
  • Córdoba
    • Minas Department
Sureda (1978): Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina 33(4):299-324
    • Punilla Department
      • Pampa de Olaen
        • Quebrada del Contrabandista
Sureda, R., Lira, R., & Colombo, F. (2010). Gustavite, PbAgBi3S6-P21/c, with the bismuth and silver minerals at Los Guindos mining group, Pampa de Olaen, Córdoba, Argentina (31° 11'S/64° 33'W). Andean Geology, 33(1).
  • Jujuy
    • Humahuaca Department
      • Aguilar district
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
    • Rinconada Department
DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.; Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Amer.Min.(2000) 85, 1066-1075
  • Río Negro
    • Valcheta department
      • San Martin pluton
Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina, Milka K. de Brodtkorb, Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina 2002; DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.; GOZALVEZ, Martín Ricardo. Characterizationof San Martín pluton and associated tungsten deposits, Valcheta Department, Río Negro Province. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 409-425.
  • Salta
    • Los Andes department
      • San Antonio de los Cobres
        • Organullo mining district
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.; Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
  • Santa Cruz
    • Deseado department
      • Deseado massif
        • Tres Cerros
FERNANDEZ, Raúl R. et al. Gold and silver deposits related to Jurassic Patagonian volcanism: review and perspectives for exploration. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2008, vol.63, n.4, pp. 665-681.
  • Lower Austria
    • Industrieviertel
      • Semmering
Hackenberg 2003
  • Salzburg
    • Abtenau
      • Webing
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
  • Oruro
    • Cercado Province
[MinRec 32:476]
[MinRec 32:479]; Keutsch, F., & Brodtkorb, M. D. (2008). Metalliferous paragenesis of the San José mine, Oruro, Bolivia. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 25(4), 485-491.
  • Potosí
    • Cornelio Saavedra Province
      • Machacamarca District (Colavi District)
        • Colavi subdistrict
Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
  • Pazardzhik Oblast (Pazardjik Oblast)
    • Panagyurishte (Panagurishte) Obshtina
      • Levski
Bogdanov, K., Tsonev, D., & Popov, K. (2004). Mineral Assemblages And Genesis Of The Cu-Au Epithermal Deposits In The Southern Part Of The Panaguyrishte Ore District, Bulgaria. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, 36:406-415
  • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
    • Chelopech
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; American Mineralogist (1966): 51: 29-36
  • British Columbia
    • Revelstoke Mining Division
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Kissin, S. A., & De Alton, R. O. (1989). The relatives of stannite in the light of new data. The Canadian Mineralogist, 27(4), 673-688.
    • Skeena Mining Division
      • Iskut River
        • Sulphurets District
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Manitoba
    • Lac-du-Bonnet area
      • Bernic Lake
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 16, pp, 625-640 (1978); Cerny, P., & Harris, D. C. (1978). The Tanco pegmatite at Bernic Lake, Manitoba; XI, Native elements, alloys, sulfides and sulfosalts. The Canadian Mineralogist, 16(4), 625-640.
  • New Brunswick
    • Charlotte Co.
      • Saint George Parish
Parrish, I. S., 1977, Mineral Catalog for the Mount Pleasant Deposit of Brunswick Tin Mines, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 15, p. 121-126.
  • Ontario
    • Cochrane District
      • Timmins area
        • Kidd Township; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484; Canadian Mineralogist, 18, 353-360; Thorpe, R.I., Pringle, G.J. & Purr, A.G. (1976): Occurrence of selenide and sulphide minerals in bornite ore of the Kidd Creek massive sulphide deposit, Timmins, Ontario. Geol. Sun, Can. Pap. 76-lA,
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Hechi Prefecture
      • Nandan Co.
Weining Zhou (1994): Mineral Resources and Geology 8(4), 233-244
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Ganzhou Prefecture
      • Xingguo Co.
Xianchang Luo (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(8), 16-20
  • Sichuan Province
    • Mianyang Prefecture
      • Pingwu Co.
        • Mt Xuebaoding
          • Huya township
Hedland, A. (2004): Das Scheelit-Beryll-Kassiterit-Fluorit-Vorkommen von Huya-Zibeisha bei Pingwu, Provinz Sichuan, China. Mineralien Welt 15 (6), 46-57.
Czech Republic
  • Central Bohemia Region
    • Benešov (Beneschau)
      • Český Šternberk (Böhmisch Sternberg)
Šrein, V. et al.: Mineralogická charakteristika metasomatického rudního ložiska Malovidy u Českého Šternberka. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2007, roč. 14-15, s. 149-158.
    • Jílové (Eule)
      • Jílové gold mining district
        • Bohuliby
Sejkora J., Litochleb J.: První výskyt Sn-sulfidů v jílovském zlatonosném revíru (Česká republika). Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 1, s. 91-94.
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Aš (Asch)
Čech, F., Hak, J.: Ferroan kesterite from Vernéřov, near Aš, Western Bohemia, Czechoslovakia. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1982, vol. 26, nos. 1-2, s. 45-51.
    • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Gabašová A, Hloušek J, Šrein V, Vavrín I, Skála R, Sejkora J, Drábek M (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district, Journal of the Czech Geological Society 48, 19-147
  • Greenland
    • Sermersooq
      • Arsuk Fjord
        • Ivittuut (Ivigtut)
Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Ylivieska
Kojonen Kari 1989. The early Proterozoic Zn-Cu-Zn sulphide deposit of Rauhala in Ylivieska Western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 11
  • Southwestern Finland Region
    • Pargas (Parainen)
Hangala Leake S. 1987 The early proterozoic Zn-Pb-Cu massive sulfide deposit at Attu, SW Finland Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 341 61s
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Savoie
      • Tignes
Guichon, F. (2017) Les minéraux des gypses du Chardonnet, Tignes, Savoie. Le Règne Minéral, 133, 29-39
  • Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
    • Saône-et-Loire
      • Bourbon-Lancy
        • Chalmoux
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Huelgoat (Locmaria-Berrien)
R.PIERROT, L. CHAURIS, C. LAFORET (1973) : "Inventaire minéralogique de la France : 29- Finistère.", B.R.G.M. Paris.
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Nantiat
        • Vaulry
P. Cantinolle et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1985, 108, pp. 245-248
  • Occitanie
    • Hérault
      • Ceilhes-et-Rocozels
M. Munoz, Y.Moëlo : "Etude paragénétique de la minéralisation sulfurée complexe (Sb-Pb-Zn-...) de Bournac (Hérault, France)", Bull. Minéral. , 1982, 105, 625-632.
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Leonberg
        • Pfaffenreuth
Lapis, 10 (9), 13-20+50.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Annaberg District
        • Dörfel
Lapis 37(2) 2012, p. 10
Germany & Czech Republic
  • Erzgebirge / Krusné Hory Mts (Ore Mts)
Lapis 17(2), 31-35 (1992)
  • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
    • Évros Prefecture
      • Alexandroupoli (Alexandroupolis)
Panagiotis Christos Voudouris, Vasilios Melfos, Paul G. Spry, Robert Moritz, Constantinos Papavassiliou und George Falalakis (2011): Mineralogy and geochemical environment of formation of the Perama Hill high-sulfidation epithermal Au-Ag-Te-Se deposit, Petrota Graben, NE Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 103, 79-100.
      • Kirki Mines (Kirka)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; European Journal of Mineralogy (1990): 2: 711-723.; N. Skarpelis (1998) Bull. Geol Soc. Greece 33:51-60
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Susa Valley
        • Oulx
          • Signols
Orlandi, P. (2011). Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana 2010. Micro 1/2011, 39-42
  • Tuscany
    • Massa-Carrara Province
      • Apuan Alps
Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
          • Miseglia quarrying basin (Miseglia-Fantiscritti quarrying basin)
Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Morino A., Passarino G. (2016): Minerali nel marmo di Carrara: solfuri e solfosali. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 40, 1 (1-2016), 22-33.
        • Massa
Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp
  • Hokkaido
    • Oshima peninsula
      • Hiyama Subprefecture
        • Kaminokuni
ISHIYAMA, D., MATSUEDA, H., & MATSUBAYA, O. (1990). Copper-lead-zinc mineralization at the Hayakawa and Shakako deposits, Jokoku-Katsuraoka mining area, southwestern Hokkaido, Japan. JOURNAL OF MINERALOGY, PETROLOGY AND ECONOMIC GEOLOGY, 85(7), 341-353.
    • Sapporo
      • Minami-ku
Min. Jour. (Japan): 15:222-232.
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Shizuoka Prefecture
        • Shimoda City
          • Rendaiji
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
    • Kinki Region
      • Hyogo Prefecture
        • Asago City
          • Ikuno-cho-ono
No reference listed
  • Selangor
Moh, G. H. (1982): Applied experimental ore petrology. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 144, 291-342.
  • Erongo Region
    • Dâures
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern: 417 (in English).
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern: 417 (in English).
  • Nordland
    • Hemnes
      • Bleikvassli
Cook, N.J., Spry, P.G., and Vokes, F.M. (1998): Mineralogy and textural relationships among sulphosalts and related minerals in the Bleikvassli Zn-Pb-(Cu) deposit, Nordland, Norway. Mineralium Deposita 34, 35-56.
  • Ancash Department
    • Bolognesi Province
      • Huallanca District
        • Huallanca
Econ Geol (1985) 80:416-478
  • Huancavelica Department
    • Castrovirreyna Province
      • Castrovirreyna District
American Mineralogist 87:753-764
  • Lima Department
    • Oyon Province
EDS Analysis Frank Keutsch:
  • Lower Silesia
    • Czarnów
      • Rędziny
Pieczka A., Gołębiowska B., Parafiniuk J. 2006: The stannite-group minerals from Rędziny (Lower Silesia, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 175 - 177
  • Beja District
    • Castro Verde
      • Santa Bárbara de Padrões
Relvas, J. M. R. S. et al. (2006): Hydrothermal Alteration and Mineralization in the Neves-Corvo Volcanic-Hosted Massive Sulfide Deposit, Portugal. I. Geology, Mineralogy, and Geochemistry. Econ. Geology 101, 753-790.; Serranti, S., Ferrini, V., Masi, U., & Cabri, L. J. (2002). Trace-element distribution in cassiterite and sulfides from rubané and massive ores of the Corvo deposit, Portugal. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 815-835.
  • Viseu District
Ing Soen Oen : "Paragenetic relations of some Cu-Fe-Sn-Sulfides in the Mangualde Pegmatite, North Portugal", Mineral. Deposita (Berl.) 5, 59-84, 1970.
    • Sátão
      • Ferreira de Aves
        • Aldeia Nova
Similar specimens analyzed (PXRD method) at Universidade do Minho
Russia (TL)
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Verkhoyansk
      • Yana River Basin
        • Yana-Adycha Region
          • Arga-Ynnakh-Khaya granite Massif
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Verkhoyansk Fold Belt
      • Verkhoyansk Silver Province
        • Deputatsky ore cluster
Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
Graeser, et al. (2008) Faszination Lengenbach. KristalloGrafik-Verl., Achberg
    • Sion (Sitten)
      • Granges (Lens)
Ansermet, S., Meisser, N. & Cuchet, S. (2011): Ein Hauch Carrara im Wallis - zur Mineralogie des Steinbruchs La Plâtrière in Lens. Schweizer Strahler 2/2011, 2-17 (in German/French).
  • Viloyati Sogd (Viloyati Sughd; Viloyati Khodzhent; Viloyati Leninabad)
Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Calstock
        • Gunnislake
Dr. Kurt Greenwall collection (Dr. Werner H. Paar analyses)
      • Perranzabuloe
        • Perranporth
          • Cligga Head
F. Moore and R. A. Howie (1984): Mineralogical Magazine 48, 389-396; Kissin, S.A., and Owens, D.R. (1989): Canadian Mineralogist 27, 673-688; Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Moore, F., and Howie, R.A. (1984): Mineralogical Magazine 48, 389-396.
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
[MinRec 24:421]; Josef Vajdak (2008) Mineral News, 24, #3, 15.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 267; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
  • Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • McCoy District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • South Dakota
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone District
        • Keystone
Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 110 & 112.
Rocks & Min.:60:110,112 & 116.
Am Min 70:9-10 pp 1044-1049
  • Washington
    • Yakima Co.
      • Bumping Lake District
        • Bumping Lake
Bart Cannon (Cannon Microprobe) analyses
  • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
    • Angren Region
      • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
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