LIVE REPORT! The 46th Annual Friends of Mineralogy Pacific Northwest Chapter Mineral Symposiu - last updated 1 minute ago. Click here to watch.
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography


This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About LeucophoeniciteHide

pink, violet-red, brownish-red to brown
Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous
5½ - 6
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Named in 1899 by Samuel Lewis Penfield and Charles Hyde Warren from the Greek for λευκοσ "pale" and φοινιζ "purplish red" in allusion to its common color.
Dimorph of:
This page provides mineralogical data about Leucophoenicite.

Classification of LeucophoeniciteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
F : Nesosilicates with additional anions; cations in [4], [5] and/or only [6] coordination

52 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
3 : Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
17 : Silicates of Mn

Physical Properties of LeucophoeniciteHide

Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous
pink, violet-red, brownish-red to brown
Very pale pink to white
5½ - 6 on Mohs scale
{001}, not obvious
3.848 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.01 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of LeucophoeniciteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.751 nβ = 1.771 nγ = 1.782
Measured: 74°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.031
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
r>v, weak
Optical Extinction:
X perpendicular to {001}
pale red // {001}, colorless perpendicular to {001}

Chemical Properties of LeucophoeniciteHide

Common Impurities:

Crystallography of LeucophoeniciteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.842 Å, b = 4.826 Å, c = 11.324 Å
β = 103.93°
a:b:c = 2.247 : 1 : 2.346
Unit Cell V:
575.09 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Usually granular, rod-like to platy deeply striated crystals are rare

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
5.23 Å(30)
4.36 Å(50)
3.94 Å(30)
3.61 Å(50)
3.27 Å(35)
2.967 Å(20)
2.877 Å(90)
2.741 Å(30)
2.684 Å(80)
2.620 Å(40)
2.486 Å(20)
2.441 Å(40)
2.413 Å(10)
2.365 Å(50)
2.284 Å(20)
2.204 Å(30)
2.060 Å(10)
1.973 Å(10)
1.8908 Å(10)
1.8063 Å(100)
1.7494 Å(30)
1.7079 Å(40)
1.7012 Å(40)
1.6653 Å(10)
1.6392 Å(20)
1.6167 Å(20)
1.5966 Å(20)
1.5714 Å(40)
1.5641 Å(40)
1.4732 Å(30)
1.4441 Å(20)
1.4199 Å(20)
1.3879 Å(30)
1.3449 Å(20)
1.3191 Å(20)
1.3134 Å(20)
1.2593 Å(10)
1.2258 Å(10)
1.2121 Å(30)
ICDD 22-1168

Type Occurrence of LeucophoeniciteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Leucophoenicite made up the larger part of the type specimen. The mineral has a crystalline structure, vitreous luster, hardness about 5,5-6, and a light purplish-red or raspberry color

Other Language Names for LeucophoeniciteHide

Relationship of Leucophoenicite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
JerrygibbsiteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
27 photos of Leucophoenicite associated with ZinciteZnO
15 photos of Leucophoenicite associated with WillemiteZn2SiO4
13 photos of Leucophoenicite associated with FrankliniteZn2+Fe3+2O4
6 photos of Leucophoenicite associated with PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
5 photos of Leucophoenicite associated with Chlorophoenicite(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
3 photos of Leucophoenicite associated with CalciteCaCO3
3 photos of Leucophoenicite associated with ManganositeMnO
2 photos of Leucophoenicite associated with GlaucochroiteCaMn2+SiO4
1 photo of Leucophoenicite associated with GageiteMn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
1 photo of Leucophoenicite associated with CopperCu

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.AF.05SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.10AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.AF.10KanonaiteMn3+Al(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.AF.15KyaniteAl2(SiO4)OTric. 1 : P1
9.AF.20MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-xOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
9.AF.20Krieselite(Al,Ga)2(GeO4)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.AF.23BoromulliteAl9BSi2O19Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
9.AF.25YoderiteMg(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)2O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.AF.30MagnesiostauroliteMg(Mg,Li)3(Al,Mg)18Si8O44(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.AF.30StauroliteFe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.AF.30ZincostauroliteZn2Al9Si4O23(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.AF.35TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.40NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.45AlleghanyiteMn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45ReinhardbraunsiteCa5(SiO4)2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45KumtyubeiteCa5(SiO4)2F2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45HydroxylchondroditeMg5(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.50Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.AF.50Unnamed (Ca-analogue of Humite)Ca7(SiO4)4F2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.55ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.55HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.AF.70JerrygibbsiteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
9.AF.75WeliniteMn2+6(W6+,Mg)2(SiO4)2(O,OH)6Trig. 3 : P3
9.AF.85Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.AF.85MagnesiochloritoidMgAl2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.AF.90PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.AF.90OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

52.3.2c.1Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.17.1RhodoniteMn2+SiO3Tric. 1
14.17.2TephroiteMn2+2SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
14.17.3BrauniteMn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
14.17.4AlleghanyiteMn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.17.7JerrygibbsiteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
14.17.9Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
14.17.10YofortieriteMn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m

Fluorescence of LeucophoeniciteHide

Not fluorescent in UV

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for LeucophoeniciteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Penfield S L and Warren C H (1899): Some new minerals from the zinc mines at Franklin, N.J., and note concerning the chemical composition of ganomalite, American Journal of Science, 8, 339-353
Dana, E.S. and W.E. Ford (1909) Dana's system of mineralogy, (6th edition),
app. II, 63.
Palache, C. (1935) The Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, Sussex County, New Jersey. U.S. Geol. Sur. Professional Paper 180, 103-105.
Moore, P.B. (1970) Edge-sharing silicate tetrahedra in the crystal structure of leucophoenicite. American Mineralogist, 55, 1146-1166.
Dunn, P.J., et al (1984): American Mineralogist: 69: 549.
Yu-Chyi Yau and Donald R. Peacor(1986): Jerrygibbsite-leucophoenicite mixed layering and general relations between the humite and leucophoenicite families. American Mineralogist, Volume 71, pages 985-988
Dunn, P.J., C.A. Francis, and J. Innes (1988) A mcgovernite-like mineral and leucophoenicite from the Kombat mine, Namibia. American Mineralogist, 73, 1182-1185.
Dunn, P.J.(1995): Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey: the world's most magnificent mineral deposits, Part3: 352-356.

Internet Links for LeucophoeniciteHide

Localities for LeucophoeniciteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Aosta Valley
    • Valtournenche
      • Breuil-Cervinia
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Shiga
    • Gamo district
Hiromi Yamasaki specimen
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Grootfontein
      • Kombat
Dunn, P.J., Francis, C.A., and Innes, J. (1988) A mcgovernite-like mineral and leucophoenicite from the Kombat mine, Namibia. American Mineralogist: 73: 1182-1185. Dunn, P.J. (1991), Rare minerals of the Kombat Mine, Mineralogical Record: 22(6): 421-425.
  • Maramureș; Udubasa, G., Hartopanu, P., Ilinca, G. (1996). The Regionally metamorphosed Fe-Mn Ore Deposit at Razoare, Preluca Mts., Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineralogy, 77, 3-20.
South Africa
  • Northern Cape
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari Manganese Field: An Update, Mineralogical Record, 22(4) 279-302; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: 208.
      • Kuruman
        • N'Chwaning Mines
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
      • Persberg ore district
        • Pajsberg
Nysten, P. (2004): Harstigen ett mineralogisk eldorado i Bergslagen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 5-13
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Palache(1935):104; Dunn, P.J., et al: Am.Min.:69:546-552 (1984); Dunn(1995):Pt3:352-356.
FOMS Millsite Committee (1986) (circa), List of Mineral Species Found on the Franklin Mill Site, Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society (unpublished).
Mineral and/or Locality is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: October 19, 2019 21:41:30
Go to top of page