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About NamibiteHide

Dark green
4½ - 5
Crystal System:
Namibite is named after the Namib Desert, not Namibia per se.
A dark green secondary Cu-Bi-vanadate.

Structurally related to brendelite. Chemically resembles khorixasite.

Classification of NamibiteHide

Approval Year:

B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 about 1:1

5 : Miscellaneous

21 : Vanadates (and vanadates with arsenate or phosphate)
3 : Vanadates of Al, rare earths, Pb, V or Bi

Pronounciation of NamibiteHide

PlayRecorded byCountry
Debbie WoolfUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of NamibiteHide

Dark green
4½ - 5 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of NamibiteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 2.100
Max Birefringence:
δ = 2.100
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
r < v extreme

Chemical Properties of NamibiteHide


Crystallography of NamibiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.210(1) Å, b = 7.398(1) Å, c = 7.471(1) Å
α = 90.10(1)°, β = 108.73(1)°, γ = 107.47(1)°
a:b:c = 0.839 : 1 : 1.01
Unit Cell V:
308.22 ų
Thick tabular, prismatic. Rounded crystal aggregates.
Pseudo-monoclinic (pseudo C-centred monoclinic with a = 11.864(4), b = 3.696(4), c = 7.491(5), β = 109.42(6)°.

Type Occurrence of NamibiteHide

Synonyms of NamibiteHide

Other Language Names for NamibiteHide


Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Chrysocolla14 photos of Namibite associated with Chrysocolla on mindat.org.
Beyerite8 photos of Namibite associated with Beyerite on mindat.org.
Eulytine6 photos of Namibite associated with Eulytine on mindat.org.
Quartz4 photos of Namibite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Ajoite3 photos of Namibite associated with Ajoite on mindat.org.
Duhamelite3 photos of Namibite associated with Duhamelite on mindat.org.
Bismuth3 photos of Namibite associated with Bismuth on mindat.org.
Mottramite3 photos of Namibite associated with Mottramite on mindat.org.
Sillénite3 photos of Namibite associated with Sillénite on mindat.org.
Shattuckite3 photos of Namibite associated with Shattuckite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BB.XArsenowagneriteMg2(AsO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.05AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)FTric. 1 : P1
8.BB.05MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.05TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.10Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)Mon. 2/m
8.BB.10Zwieselite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.15SarkiniteMn2+2(AsO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/m
8.BB.15Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.BB.15Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.15Wolfeite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.15JoosteiteMn2+(Mn3+,Fe3+)(PO4)OMon. 2/m
8.BB.15HydroxylwagneriteMg2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.20HoltedahliteMg2(PO4)(OH)Trig. 3m : P3 1m
8.BB.20Satterlyite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe)12(PO4)5(PO3OH)(OH,O)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
8.BB.25AlthausiteMg4(PO4)2(OH,O)(F,☐)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.BB.30AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30EveiteMn2+2(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BB.30ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30AuriacusiteFe3+Cu2+(AsO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.35ParadamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.35TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.40BarbosaliteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.40LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.40ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.45TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BB.70TuraniteCu5(VO4)2(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.80FingeriteCu11(VO4)6O2Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.90ZinclipscombiteZnFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Tet. 4 2 2 : P43 21 2

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

21.3.1SteigeriteAl(VO4) · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
21.3.2Alvanite(Zn,Ni)Al4(V5+O3)2(OH)12 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
21.3.3MetaschoderiteAl2(PO4)(VO4) · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
21.3.4SchoderiteAl2(PO4)(VO4) · 8H2OMon.
21.3.5SatpaeviteAl12V4+2V5+6O37 · 30H2O
21.3.6VanaliteNaAl8V10O38 · 30H2OMon.
21.3.7Wakefieldite-(Ce)Ce(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
21.3.7Wakefieldite-(Y)Y(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
21.3.9MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
21.3.10DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
21.3.11ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)Mon. 2/m
21.3.11DreyeriteBi(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
21.3.11PucheriteBi(VO4)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
21.3.14Pottsite(Pb3xBi4-2x)(VO4)4·H2O (0.8 < x < 1.0)Tet. 4/m : I41/a

Other InformationHide

Soluble in cold dilute acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for NamibiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
von Knorring, O. and Sahama, T. G. (1981): Namibite, a new copper-bismuth-vanadium mineral from Namibia. Schweizerische mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen: 61: 7-12.
American Mineralogist (1982): 67: 857.
Mrázek, Z., Veselovsky, F., Hlousek, J., Moravcova, H., and Ondrus, P. (1994): Redefinition of namibite, Cu(BiO)2VO4OH. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1994): 481-488.
American Mineralogist (1995): 80: 1076-1077.
Dunning, G. E. and Cooper, J. F., Jr. (1998): Namibite: a summary of world occurrences. Mineralogical Record: 29: 163-166.
Kolitsch, U., and G. Giester (2000): The crystal structure of namibite, Cu(BiO)2VO4(OH), and revision of its symmetry. American Mineralogist: 85: 1298-1301.

Internet Links for NamibiteHide

Localities for NamibiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
Pring, A., Francis, G. & Birch, W. D. (1992): Nissonite, namibite, and other additions to the mineral suite from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Australian Mineral. 6, 31-39; [MinRec 29:164]
  • Victoria
    • East Gippsland Shire
      • Benambra
        • Morass Creek gorge
Dunning, G.E. & Cooper, J.F. (1998): Namibite. A summary of World Occurrences. Mineralogical Record 29, 163-166; Frost, R. L., Henry, D. A., Weier, M. L., & Martens, W. (2006). Raman spectroscopy of three polymorphs of BiVO4: clinobisvanite, dreyerite and pucherite, with comparisons to (VO4) 3‐bearing minerals: namibite, pottsite and schumacherite. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 37(7), 722-732.
  • Québec
    • Outaouais
      • Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
        • Val-des-Monts
          • Lac Saint-Pierre (Wakefield Lake)
Mineralogical Record: 29: 164.
Czech Republic
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
      • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
        • Jáchymov (St Joachimsthal)
[Mineralogical Record 29:163-166]
Lapis 2002(7/8), 46
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Hausach
Blaß, G. and Graf, H.W. (1995) Namibit, ein Neufund aus dem Schwarzwald. Mineralien-Welt: 6(6): 20-22.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (1998) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 83: 400-403.
    • Ortenaukreis
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Kolitsch, U. & Götzinger, M. (2000): Einige Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald: Eulytin, Namibit, Volborthit, Gearksutit, Spertiniit, Monazit-(La), Protasit, Sainfeldit, Cyanotrichit und Vauquelinit. Erzgräber 14, 33-47. (in German); KOLITSCH, U., GRÖBNER, J. BLASS, G., GRAF, H.-W. & PRING, A. (2005): Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald (II): Dreyerit, Gasparit-(Ce), Klinobisvanit, Kobaltkoritnigit, Metatyuyamunit, Roscoelith, Sengierit, Vésigniéit und Wakefieldit. Lapis 30 (9), 35-39; 58.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge District
      • Schneeberg
        • Wolfgang Maaßen Mine field
[Mineralogical Record 29:164]
  • Thuringia
    • Vogtland
      • Hirschberg
        • Ullersreuth
T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
  • Fukuoka
Uehara, S. & Y. Shirose (2013), Namibite and hechtsbergite from the Nagatare mine, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 108,105-110
  • Sonora
    • Mun. de Navojoa
Brent Thorne collection.
  • Kunene Region
    • Kaokoveld Plateau
Niedermayr, G., Schnaitmann, E. A., Brandstätter, F. (2008): Das Dioptas-Shattuckit-Vorkommen Kandesei im Kakokoland [sic]. Mineralien-Welt 19, 76-93 (in German).; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
    • Khorixas District
      • Mesopotamia Copper Valley
von Knorring, O. and Sahama, T. G. (1981): Namibite, a new copper-bismuth-vanadium mineral from Namibia. Schweizerische mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen: 61: 7-12; Niedermayr, G.(2001): Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit. In: S. Jahn, O. Medenbach, G. Niedermayr, G. Schneider: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle (1 Edition, in German), 97-99
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Copeland
        • Waberthwaite
[Mineralogical Record 29:164]; Neall, T., Young, B., Hyslop, E. K., and Fakes, R. D. (1993): Namibite from Buckbarrow Beck, Cumbria - the first british occurrence. Mineralogical Magazine, 57, 754-755. ; BMS Collection
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Christmas area
            • Christmas
Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Bradshaw Mts (Bradshaw Range)
        • Castle Creek District
Joe Ruiz, Mammoth, AZ, USA; Bob Meyer (2012) Micro Mineral Collector. Friends of Mineralogy National Newsletter 42:10-13
Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 6. Mr. Joe Ruiz, Mammoth, AZ, personal communication to John Ebner, Ronald Deblois, Eckhard Stuart and C. Lemanski, Jr. (2008).
  • California
    • Plumas Co.
      • Diamond Mts
        • Last Chance District
          • Adams Peak
Mineralogical Record (1998): 29: 165; Frost, R. L., Henry, D. A., Weier, M. L., & Martens, W. (2006). Raman spectroscopy of three polymorphs of BiVO4: clinobisvanite, dreyerite and pucherite, with comparisons to (VO4) 3‐bearing minerals: namibite, pottsite and schumacherite. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 37(7), 722-732.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Silver Lake District
        • Soda Mts
          • Zzyzx (Fort Soda; Soda; Soda Springs; Zzyzx Mineral Spring Resort)
EDS analyzed by Bob Housley.
    • San Diego Co.
Foord, E. E. (1996), Clinobisvanite, eulytite, and namibite from the Pala pegmatite district, San Diego Co., California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine 60, 387.
        • Pala
          • Chief Mountain
Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
          • Hiriart Mountain (Hariat Mtn; Harriot Mtn; Heriart Mtn; Heriot Mtn; Hiriat Hill)
[Mineralogical Record 29:164]
          • Tourmaline Queen Mountain (Pala Mtn; Queen Mtn)
[Mineralogical Record 29:164]; Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 387-388
  • Colorado
    • Fremont Co.
      • Eight Mile Park pegmatite District
[MinRec 29:165]
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Spring Mts
        • Goodsprings District
Self collected by Brent Thorne. SEM EDAX verified by Robert Housley
Mineral and/or Locality  
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