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Nissonite

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About NissoniteHide

Formula:
Cu2Mg2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 5H2O
Colour:
bluish green
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
2.73
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named for William H. Nisson (1912–1965), amateur mineralogist, mineral collector and dealer, of Petaluma, California, USA, who first noted the mineral.
This page provides mineralogical data about Nissonite.


Classification of NissoniteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1966
8.DC.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
C : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 1:1 and < 2:1
42.7.5.1

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
7 : (AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
19.2.6

19 : Phosphates
2 : Phosphates of Cu

Pronounciation of NissoniteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of NissoniteHide

Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
bluish green
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Imperfect/Fair
(100)
Density:
2.73(1) g/cm3 (Measured)    2.74 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of NissoniteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.584(2) nβ = 1.620 nγ = 1.621(2)
2V:
Measured: 19° , Calculated: 18°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.037
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
small
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
colorless to turquoise blue

Chemical Properties of NissoniteHide

Formula:
Cu2Mg2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 5H2O

Crystallography of NissoniteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 22.58 Å, b = 5.02 Å, c = 10.51 Å
β = 99.33°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 4.498 : 1 : 2.094
Unit Cell V:
1,175.57 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
10.8 (100)
4.36 (70)
3.72 (55)
2.768 (100)
2.679 (60)
2.531 (55)
2.218 (65)

Occurrences of NissoniteHide

Paragenetic Mode(s):
•  Oxidation

Type Occurrence of NissoniteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
diamond shaped crystals and thin crusts
Geological Setting of Type Material:
In metamorphic rocks of the Franciscan Formation
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Reference:
Mrose, M.E., R. Meyrowitz, J.T. Alfors & C.W. Chesterman (1966), Nissonite, CMg(PO4)(OH)•2½H2O, a new hydrous copper-magnesium-phosphate mineral from Panoche Valley, California: Geological Society of America Abstracts, 1966: 145-146.

Synonyms of NissoniteHide

Other Language Names for NissoniteHide

German:Nissonit
Spanish:Nissonita

Relationship of Nissonite to other SpeciesHide

Structurally related to group(s):

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Glaucophane1 photo of Nissonite associated with Glaucophane on mindat.org.
Chrysocolla1 photo of Nissonite associated with Chrysocolla on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.DC.07EuchroiteCu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.DC.10LegranditeZn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.12StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2OMon.
8.DC.15ArthuriteCuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.DC.15EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.DC.15OjuelaiteZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.DC.15WhitmoreiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.15Cobaltarthurite(Co,Mg)Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.15BendadaiteFe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.15KunatiteCuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.15UKI-2006-(PO:FeHZn)ZnFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.DC.15UKI-2006-(PO:AlCuFeH)Fe2+Al3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.17KleemaniteZnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
8.DC.20BermaniteMn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.DC.20CoralloiteMn2+Mn3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.22KovdorskiteMg2(PO4)(OH) · 3H2OMon.
8.DC.25FerristrunziteFe3+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2OTric.
8.DC.25FerrostrunziteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric.
8.DC.25MetavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.25MetavivianiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.25StrunziteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.27BerauniteFe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.DC.30GordoniteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30LaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
8.DC.30ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.30SigloiteFe3+Al2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 7H2OTric.
8.DC.30StewartiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30UshkoviteMgFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
8.DC.30FerrolaueiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30Kastningite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30MaghrebiteMgAl2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30NordgauiteMnAl2(PO4)2(F,OH)2 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.32TinticiteFe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.35VauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.37VantasseliteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 9H2OOrth.
8.DC.40CacoxeniteFe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.DC.45Gormanite(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OTric.
8.DC.45Souzalite(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OTric.
8.DC.47KingiteAl3(PO4)2F2(OH) · 7H2OTric.
8.DC.50WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.DC.50AllanpringiteFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
8.DC.52KribergiteAl5(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.55MapimiteZn2Fe3+3(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 10H2OMon.
8.DC.57OgdensburgiteCa2Fe3+4(Zn,Mn2+)(AsO4)4(OH)6 · 6H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm
8.DC.60Nevadaite(Cu2+,Al,V3+)6Al8(PO4)8F8(OH)2 · 22H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.DC.60CloncurryiteCu0.5(VO)0.5Al2(PO4)2F2 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.2.1LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
19.2.2CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
19.2.3ReichenbachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m
19.2.4LudjibaiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
19.2.5PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.2.7ZapataliteCu3Al4(PO4)3(OH)9 · 4H2OTet.
19.2.8TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.2.9SieleckiiteCu3Al4(PO4)2(OH)12 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
19.2.10PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.2.11HentscheliteCuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon.
19.2.13ChalcosideriteCuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.2.14Phosphofibrite(H2O,K)3.5Fe8(PO4)6(OH)7 · 5H2OMon. 2/m

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Easily soluble in acids
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for NissoniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Mrose, M.E., R. Meyrowitz, J.T. Alfors & C.W. Chesterman (1966), Nissonite, CMg(PO4)(OH)•2½H2O, a new hydrous copper-magnesium-phosphate mineral from Panoche Valley, California: Geological Society of America Abstracts, 1966: 145-146.
Mrose, M.E., R. Meyrowitz, J.T. Alfors & C.W. Chesterman (1966), Nissonite: American Mineralogist: 52: 927.
American Mineralogist (1990): 75: 1170-1175.

Internet Links for NissoniteHide

Localities for NissoniteHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Gunpowder District
        • Mount Gordon
Min Rec 24:49
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
Pring, A., Francis, G. & Birch, W. D. (1992): Nissonite, namibite, and other additions to the mineral suite from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Australian Mineral. 6, 31-39.
Brazil
 
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Canaã dos Carajás
        • Serra Sul Fe deposit
da Cunha Sousa, A. K., Gonçalves, D. F., & Macambira, J. B. (2015) Caracterização Petrográfica E Mineralógica de Cavernas Desenvolvidas Como Produtos de Alteração de Rochas Máficas na Unidade Espeleológica Carajás–Sudeste do Pará. In: RASTEIRO, M.A.; SALLUN FILHO, W. (orgs.) CONGRESSO BRASILEIRO DE ESPELEOLOGIA, 33, 2015. Eldorado. Anais... Campinas: SBE, 2015. p.455-460.
USA (TL)
 
  • California
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Panoche
Mrose, M.E., Meyrowitz, R., Alfors, J.T., and Chesterman, C.W. (1967) Nissonite. American Mineralogist: 52: 927; Hey, CIM: 498.
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Spring Mts
        • Goodsprings District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Mineral and/or Locality  
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