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Hematite Group

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About Hematite GroupHide

Formula:
M2O3
M = Al, Fe, V, Cr, Ti (+3)
A group of simple, rhombohedral oxides.


Chemical Properties of Hematite GroupHide

Formula:
M2O3

M = Al, Fe, V, Cr, Ti (+3)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0009325CorundumLewis J, Schwarzenbach D, Flack H D (1982) Electric field gradients and charge density in corundum alpha-Al2O3 Acta Crystallographica A38 733-73919820293
0009327CorundumKirfel A, Eichhorn K (1990) Accurate structure analysis with synchrotron radiation. The electron density in Al2O3 and Cu2O Acta Crystallographica A46 271-2841990synthetic0293
0009699CorundumIshizawa N, Miyata T, Minato I, Marumo F, Iwai S (1980) A structural investigation of alpha-Al2O3 at 2170 K Acta Crystallographica B36 228-23019800300
0009700CorundumIshizawa N, Miyata T, Minato I, Marumo F, Iwai S (1980) A structural investigation of alpha-Al2O3 at 2170 K Acta Crystallographica B36 228-230198002170
0010593CorundumNewnham R E, de Haan Y M (1962) Refinement of the alpha Al2O3, Ti2O3, V2O3 and Cr2O3 structures Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 117 235-2371962synthetic0293
0010607CorundumSaalfeld H (1964) Strukturuntersuchungen im system Al2O3-Cr2O3 Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 120 342-34819640293
0012859CorundumLutterotti L, Scardi P (1990) Simultaneous structure and size-strain refinement by the Rietveld method _cod_database_code 1000032 Journal of Applied Crystallography 23 246-25219900293
0012914Corundumd'Amour H, Schiferl D, Denner W, Schulz H, Holzapfel W B (1978) High-pressure single-crystal structure determinations for ruby up to 90 kbar using an automatic diffractometer Journal of Applied Physics 49 4411-441619780293
0012915Corundumd'Amour H, Schiferl D, Denner W, Schulz H, Holzapfel W B (1978) High-pressure single-crystal structure determinations for ruby up to 90 kbar using an automatic diffractometer Journal of Applied Physics 49 4411-441619782.8293
0012916Corundumd'Amour H, Schiferl D, Denner W, Schulz H, Holzapfel W B (1978) High-pressure single-crystal structure determinations for ruby up to 90 kbar using an automatic diffractometer Journal of Applied Physics 49 4411-441619784.2293
0012917Corundumd'Amour H, Schiferl D, Denner W, Schulz H, Holzapfel W B (1978) High-pressure single-crystal structure determinations for ruby up to 90 kbar using an automatic diffractometer Journal of Applied Physics 49 4411-441619786293
0012918Corundumd'Amour H, Schiferl D, Denner W, Schulz H, Holzapfel W B (1978) High-pressure single-crystal structure determinations for ruby up to 90 kbar using an automatic diffractometer Journal of Applied Physics 49 4411-441619787.4293
0012919Corundumd'Amour H, Schiferl D, Denner W, Schulz H, Holzapfel W B (1978) High-pressure single-crystal structure determinations for ruby up to 90 kbar using an automatic diffractometer Journal of Applied Physics 49 4411-441619788.1293
0012920Corundumd'Amour H, Schiferl D, Denner W, Schulz H, Holzapfel W B (1978) High-pressure single-crystal structure determinations for ruby up to 90 kbar using an automatic diffractometer Journal of Applied Physics 49 4411-441619789293
0012921CorundumFinger L W, Hazen R M (1978) Crystal structure and compression of ruby to 46 kbar Journal of Applied Physics 49 5823-582619780.0001293
0012922CorundumFinger L W, Hazen R M (1978) Crystal structure and compression of ruby to 46 kbar Journal of Applied Physics 49 5823-582619781.1293
0012923CorundumFinger L W, Hazen R M (1978) Crystal structure and compression of ruby to 46 kbar Journal of Applied Physics 49 5823-582619782.1293
0012924CorundumFinger L W, Hazen R M (1978) Crystal structure and compression of ruby to 46 kbar Journal of Applied Physics 49 5823-582619782.8293
0012925CorundumFinger L W, Hazen R M (1978) Crystal structure and compression of ruby to 46 kbar Journal of Applied Physics 49 5823-582619783.5293
0012926CorundumFinger L W, Hazen R M (1978) Crystal structure and compression of ruby to 46 kbar Journal of Applied Physics 49 5823-582619784.6293
0012927CorundumFinger L W, Hazen R M (1978) Crystal structure and compression of ruby to 46 kbar Journal of Applied Physics 49 5823-582619788293
0014072CorundumWang X, Hubbard C, Alexander K, Becher P (1994) Neutron diffraction measurements of the residual stresses in Al2O3 - ZrO2 (CeO2) ceramic composites _cod_database_code 1000059 Journal of the American Ceramic Society 77 1569-157519940293
0014077CorundumPauling L, Hendricks S B (1925) Crystal structures of hematite and corundum Journal of the American Chemical Society 47 781-7901925Ceylon0293
0015110CorundumTsirelson V, Antipin M, Gerr R, Ozerov R, Struchkov Y (1985) Ruby structure peculiarities derived from X-ray data. Localization of chromium atoms and electron deformation density _cod_database_code 1000017 Physica Status Solidi A87 425-43319850293
0017671CorundumZachariasen W (1928) Untersuchungen ueber die Kristallstruktur von Sesquioxyden und Verbindungen ABO3 _cod_database_code 1010951 Skrifter utgitt av det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi i Oslo 1928 1-16519280293
0004566EskolaiteLogvinova A M, Wirth R, Sobolev N V, Seryotkin Y V, Yefimova E S, Floss C, Taylor L A (2008) Eskolaite associated with diamond from the Udachnaya kimberlite pipe, Yakutia, Russia American Mineralogist 93 685-6902008natural diamond, Udachnaya pipe, Yukutia, Russia0293
0019493EskolaiteKantor A, Kantor I, Merlini M, Glazyrin K, Prescher C, Hanfland M, Dubrovinsky L (2012) High-pressure structural studies of eskolaite by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction American Mineralogist 97 1764-17702012synthetic0293
0019494EskolaiteKantor A, Kantor I, Merlini M, Glazyrin K, Prescher C, Hanfland M, Dubrovinsky L (2012) High-pressure structural studies of eskolaite by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction American Mineralogist 97 1764-17702012synthetic8.1293
0019495EskolaiteKantor A, Kantor I, Merlini M, Glazyrin K, Prescher C, Hanfland M, Dubrovinsky L (2012) High-pressure structural studies of eskolaite by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction American Mineralogist 97 1764-17702012synthetic14293
0019496EskolaiteKantor A, Kantor I, Merlini M, Glazyrin K, Prescher C, Hanfland M, Dubrovinsky L (2012) High-pressure structural studies of eskolaite by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction American Mineralogist 97 1764-17702012synthetic20.4293
0019497EskolaiteKantor A, Kantor I, Merlini M, Glazyrin K, Prescher C, Hanfland M, Dubrovinsky L (2012) High-pressure structural studies of eskolaite by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction American Mineralogist 97 1764-17702012synthetic24.1293
0019498EskolaiteKantor A, Kantor I, Merlini M, Glazyrin K, Prescher C, Hanfland M, Dubrovinsky L (2012) High-pressure structural studies of eskolaite by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction American Mineralogist 97 1764-17702012synthetic29.6293
0019499EskolaiteKantor A, Kantor I, Merlini M, Glazyrin K, Prescher C, Hanfland M, Dubrovinsky L (2012) High-pressure structural studies of eskolaite by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction American Mineralogist 97 1764-17702012synthetic35.4293
0019500EskolaiteKantor A, Kantor I, Merlini M, Glazyrin K, Prescher C, Hanfland M, Dubrovinsky L (2012) High-pressure structural studies of eskolaite by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction American Mineralogist 97 1764-17702012synthetic39.7293
0019501EskolaiteKantor A, Kantor I, Merlini M, Glazyrin K, Prescher C, Hanfland M, Dubrovinsky L (2012) High-pressure structural studies of eskolaite by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction American Mineralogist 97 1764-17702012synthetic44.8293
0019502EskolaiteKantor A, Kantor I, Merlini M, Glazyrin K, Prescher C, Hanfland M, Dubrovinsky L (2012) High-pressure structural studies of eskolaite by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction American Mineralogist 97 1764-17702012synthetic50.2293
0019503EskolaiteKantor A, Kantor I, Merlini M, Glazyrin K, Prescher C, Hanfland M, Dubrovinsky L (2012) High-pressure structural studies of eskolaite by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction American Mineralogist 97 1764-17702012synthetic55.1293
0019504EskolaiteKantor A, Kantor I, Merlini M, Glazyrin K, Prescher C, Hanfland M, Dubrovinsky L (2012) High-pressure structural studies of eskolaite by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction American Mineralogist 97 1764-17702012synthetic63.9293
0019505EskolaiteKantor A, Kantor I, Merlini M, Glazyrin K, Prescher C, Hanfland M, Dubrovinsky L (2012) High-pressure structural studies of eskolaite by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction American Mineralogist 97 1764-17702012synthetic70.4293
0010596EskolaiteNewnham R E, de Haan Y M (1962) Refinement of the alpha Al2O3, Ti2O3, V2O3 and Cr2O3 structures Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 117 235-2371962synthetic0293
0010608EskolaiteSaalfeld H (1964) Strukturuntersuchungen im system Al2O3-Cr2O3 Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 120 342-34819640293
0017737EskolaiteFinger L W, Hazen R M (1980) Crystal structure and isothermal compression of Fe2O3, Cr2O3, and V2O3 to 50 kbars Journal of Applied Physics 51 5362-53671980synthetic0.0001293
0017738EskolaiteFinger L W, Hazen R M (1980) Crystal structure and isothermal compression of Fe2O3, Cr2O3, and V2O3 to 50 kbars Journal of Applied Physics 51 5362-53671980synthetic1.86293
0017739EskolaiteFinger L W, Hazen R M (1980) Crystal structure and isothermal compression of Fe2O3, Cr2O3, and V2O3 to 50 kbars Journal of Applied Physics 51 5362-53671980synthetic4.06293
0017740EskolaiteFinger L W, Hazen R M (1980) Crystal structure and isothermal compression of Fe2O3, Cr2O3, and V2O3 to 50 kbars Journal of Applied Physics 51 5362-53671980synthetic5.68293
0017803EskolaiteSawada H (1994) Residual electron density study of chromium sesquioxide by crystal structure and scattering factor refinement Materials Research Bulletin 29 239-2451994synthetic0293
0017804EskolaiteSawada H (1994) Residual electron density study of chromium sesquioxide by crystal structure and scattering factor refinement Materials Research Bulletin 29 239-2451994synthetic0293
0017805EskolaiteSawada H (1994) Residual electron density study of chromium sesquioxide by crystal structure and scattering factor refinement Materials Research Bulletin 29 239-2451994synthetic0293
0017802EskolaiteBelokoneva E L, Shcherbakova Y K (2003) Electron density in synthetic eskolaite Cr2O3 with a corundum structure and its relation to antiferromagnetic properties Russian Journal of Inorganic Chemistry 48 861-8692003synthetic0293
0017966EskolaiteZachariasen W (1928) Untersuchungen ueber die Kristallstruktur von Sesquioxyden und Verbindungen ABO3 _cod_database_code 1011067 Skrifter utgitt av det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi i Oslo 1928 1-16519280293
0000143HematiteBlake R L, Hessevick R E, Zoltai T, Finger L W (1966) Refinement of the hematite structure American Mineralogist 51 123-1291966Elba, Italy0293
0002228HematiteGualtieri A, Venturelli P (1999) In situ study of the goethite-hematite phase transformation by real time synchrotron powder diffraction American Mineralogist 84 895-90419990586
0002229HematiteGualtieri A, Venturelli P (1999) In situ study of the goethite-hematite phase transformation by real time synchrotron powder diffraction American Mineralogist 84 895-90419990790
0002230HematiteGualtieri A, Venturelli P (1999) In situ study of the goethite-hematite phase transformation by real time synchrotron powder diffraction American Mineralogist 84 895-904199901052
0017806HematiteMaslen E N, Streltsov V A, Streltsova N R, Ishizawa N (1994) Synchrotron X-ray study of the electron density in alpha-Fe2O3 Acta Crystallographica B50 435-4411994synthetic0293
0017807HematiteMaslen E N, Streltsov V A, Streltsova N R, Ishizawa N (1994) Synchrotron X-ray study of the electron density in alpha-Fe2O3 Acta Crystallographica B50 435-4411994synthetic0293
0017808HematiteMaslen E N, Streltsov V A, Streltsova N R, Ishizawa N (1994) Synchrotron X-ray study of the electron density in alpha-Fe2O3 Acta Crystallographica B50 435-4411994synthetic0293
0017731HematiteFinger L W, Hazen R M (1980) Crystal structure and isothermal compression of Fe2O3, Cr2O3, and V2O3 to 50 kbars Journal of Applied Physics 51 5362-53671980synthetic0.0001293
0017732HematiteFinger L W, Hazen R M (1980) Crystal structure and isothermal compression of Fe2O3, Cr2O3, and V2O3 to 50 kbars Journal of Applied Physics 51 5362-53671980synthetic1.54293
0017733HematiteFinger L W, Hazen R M (1980) Crystal structure and isothermal compression of Fe2O3, Cr2O3, and V2O3 to 50 kbars Journal of Applied Physics 51 5362-53671980synthetic3.14293
0017734HematiteFinger L W, Hazen R M (1980) Crystal structure and isothermal compression of Fe2O3, Cr2O3, and V2O3 to 50 kbars Journal of Applied Physics 51 5362-53671980synthetic4.16293
0017735HematiteFinger L W, Hazen R M (1980) Crystal structure and isothermal compression of Fe2O3, Cr2O3, and V2O3 to 50 kbars Journal of Applied Physics 51 5362-53671980synthetic4.39293
0017736HematiteFinger L W, Hazen R M (1980) Crystal structure and isothermal compression of Fe2O3, Cr2O3, and V2O3 to 50 kbars Journal of Applied Physics 51 5362-53671980synthetic5.24293
0014076HematitePauling L, Hendricks S B (1925) Crystal structures of hematite and corundum Journal of the American Chemical Society 47 781-79019250293
0018106HematitePauling L, Hendricks S (1925) The Structure of Hematite Journal of the American Chemical Society 47 781-79019250293
0010595KarelianiteNewnham R E, de Haan Y M (1962) Refinement of the alpha Al2O3, Ti2O3, V2O3 and Cr2O3 structures Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 117 235-2371962synthetic0293
0017741KarelianiteFinger L W, Hazen R M (1980) Crystal structure and isothermal compression of Fe2O3, Cr2O3, and V2O3 to 50 kbars Journal of Applied Physics 51 5362-53671980synthetic0.0001293
0017742KarelianiteFinger L W, Hazen R M (1980) Crystal structure and isothermal compression of Fe2O3, Cr2O3, and V2O3 to 50 kbars Journal of Applied Physics 51 5362-53671980synthetic1.83293
0017743KarelianiteFinger L W, Hazen R M (1980) Crystal structure and isothermal compression of Fe2O3, Cr2O3, and V2O3 to 50 kbars Journal of Applied Physics 51 5362-53671980synthetic2.83293
0017744KarelianiteFinger L W, Hazen R M (1980) Crystal structure and isothermal compression of Fe2O3, Cr2O3, and V2O3 to 50 kbars Journal of Applied Physics 51 5362-53671980synthetic4.7293
0017965KarelianiteZachariasen W (1928) Untersuchungen ueber die Kristallstruktur von Sesquioxyden und Verbindungen ABO3 _cod_database_code 1011066 Skrifter utgitt av det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi i Oslo 1928 1-16519280293
0010594TistariteNewnham R E, de Haan Y M (1962) Refinement of the alpha Al2O3, Ti2O3, V2O3 and Cr2O3 structures Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 117 235-2371962synthetic0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Synonyms of Hematite GroupHide

Relationship of Hematite Group to other SpeciesHide

Group Members:
Corundum Al2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
Eskolaite Cr2O3Trig.
Hematite Fe2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
Karelianite V3+2O3Trig.
Tistarite Ti3+2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Hematite Group in petrologyHide

References for Hematite GroupHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 519.

Internet Links for Hematite GroupHide

Significant localities for Hematite GroupHide

Showing 58 significant localities out of 21,070 recorded on mindat.org.

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Tucumán Province
    • Tafí del Valle Department
[Hematite var: Martite] Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry´s collection.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Gough Co.
      • Glen Innes
[Corundum] Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
  • Queensland
    • Central Highlands Region
[Corundum var: Sapphire] Raffan, N. (2018) Tomahawk Creek – Central Queensland. Source Of Sapphires: Nearby Tertiary Volcanic Plugs And/OrUpper Devonian To Lower Carboniferous Conglomerates? in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 328
    • Tablelands Region
      • Kinrara National Park
[Corundum] Sutherland,FL, Coenraads, R, Abduriyim, A and Meffre, S., 2013. Lava Plains, NE Queensland, gem mineral suite. Abstracts, 36th Annual Seminar, Mineralogical Societies of Australasia. Sydney. p. 21-23.
  • Tasmania
    • Dorset municipality
      • Blue Tier district
        • Moorina
[Corundum var: Sapphire] Bottrill, R.S. & Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Bull. 73. Minerals Resources Tasmania
  • Victoria
    • Alpine Shire
[Ruby var: Barklyite] Liversidge, A. (1896) On some New South Wales and other minerals. The Chemical News and Journal of Physical Science, Volume 74:113-114 Sept. 4.
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Krems-Land District
      • Mühldorf
        • Amstall
[Corundum]
  • Salzburg
    • St. Johann im Pongau District
      • Hüttschlag
[Hematite] A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Hastings County
      • Carlow Township
[Corundum] Ontario MDI Number: MDI31F05SE00021
    • Renfrew County
      • Raglan Township
        • Craigmont Mine (Craig)
[Corundum] Rocks and minerals for the collector: ottawa to north bay
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • La Vallée-de-l'Or RCM
        • Réservoir-Dozois
[Corundum] Cindy Hasler Collection Olivier Langelier Collection; Hudon, P., Friedman, R.M., Gauthier, G. & Martignole, J. (2006) Age of the Cabonga nepheline syenite, Grenville Province, western Quebec. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, vol. 43(9), 1237-1249.
Chile
 
  • Coquimbo
    • Limarí Province
      • Monte Patria
[Hematite var: Specularite] Maksaev, V., Townley, B., Palacios, C., and Camus, F. (2007): Metallic ore deposits. In: Moreno, T., and Gibbons, W. (editors): The Geology of Chile. The Geological Society (London), pp. 414.
Finland
 
  • North Karelia
[Eskolaite] Am Min 43 (1958), 1098
[Karelianite] J.V.P. Long, Y. Vuorelainen, O. Kouvo: Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963)
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Riom
        • Saint-Ours-les-Roches
[Hematite] Mboungou-Kongo J.B. (2002), L'hématite spéculaire du puy de Tunisset, Chaîne des Puys (Puy de Dôme), Le Régne Minéral, n°46, pp: 51-55
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Colmar-Ribeauvillé
        • Ste Marie-aux-Mines
[Hematite] Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
      • Forcalquier
        • Saint-Maime
[Hematite] Favreau G., Meisser N., Chiappero P.J. (2004), Saint-Maime (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence): un exemple de pyrométamorphisme en région provençale, n°3, pp: 59-92
Ireland
 
  • Munster
    • Cork County
      • Mizen Peninsula
        • Ballydehob
          • Audley Mines
[Hematite var: Specularite] Barry Flannery (Personal Collection)
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Bellino
        • Varaita di Rui Valley
[Hematite] Piccoli, G.C. (2002): I minerali delle Alpi Marittime e Cozie. Provincia di Cuneo. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 362 pp.; Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Rio
        • Rio Marina
          • Rio Mine (Rio Marina Mine)
[Hematite] E. Grill (1911) - Osservazioni cristallografiche sull’ematite dell’Elba - R. Ist. Studi Sup. Prat. e Perf. Firenze.
[Hematite]
[Hematite] Orlandi, P., & Pezzotta, A., 1997. I minerali dell'Isola d'Elba. I minerali dei Giacimenti metalliferi dell'Elba orientale e delle Pegmatiti del Monte Capanne. Ed. Novecento Grafico, Bergamo, 245 pp.; Benvenuti, N., Dini, A., D’Orazio, M., Chiarantini, L., Corretti, A., Costagliola, P. (2013): The tungsten and tin signature of iron ores from Elba Island (Italy): a tool for provenance studies of iron production in the Mediterranean Region. Archaeometry, 55, 3, 479–506.
    • Lucca Province
      • Minucciano
        • Gorfigliano
[Hematite] Orlandi P., Dini A., Gemignani E., Pierotti L., Quilici U., Romani U., 2002. Paragenesi alpine nelle Alpi Apuane: I minerali delle vene di quarzo della Valle dell'Acqua Bianca, Gorfigliano (LU) Riv. Mineral. It., 26, 4: 216-223
      • Pietrasanta
[Hematite] Dini A., Bramanti A., Mancini S., Orlandi P. (1997) - La lazulite del Monte Folgorito (Alpi Apuane), Pietrasanta, Lucca - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Fasc. 2, 1997
      • Vagli Sotto
[Hematite] Biagioni C., 2004. Le mineralizzazioni manganesifere dei Diaspri Auctt. di Vagli (Alpi Apuane, Lucca). Tesina di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
Madagascar
 
  • Alaotra-Mangoro
    • Ambatondrazaka
      • Ambatondrazaka II
[Corundum var: Sapphire] ; Basel, Switzerland: March 29, 2017 Kashmir-like' sapphires from Madagascar entering the gem trade in large sizes and quantities By Dr. Michael S. Krzemnicki, SSEF , Swiss Gemmological Institute Trade Alert. ; Pardieu, V., Vertriest, W., Weeramonkhonlert, V., Raynaud, V., Atikarnsakul, U., & Perkins, R. (2017). Sapphires from the gem rush Bemainty area, Ambatondrazaka (Madagascar). Gemological Institute of America, 26 February, 45 pp.
Malawi
 
  • Central Region
    • Ntcheu
[Ruby] H.G. Dill, A review of mineral resources in Malawi: With special reference to aluminium variation in mineral deposits, Journal of African Earth Sciences, Volume 47, Issue 3, March 2007, Pages 153-173, ISSN 1464-343X, 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2006.12.006.; Dill, H. G., & Ludwig, R. R. (2008). Geomorphological-sedimentological studies of landform types and modern placer deposits in the savanna (Southern Malawi). Ore Geology Reviews, 33(3), 411-434.; Henn, U., Bank, H., & Bank, F. H. (1990). Red and orange corundum (ruby and padparadscha) from Malawi. Journal of Gemmology, 22(2), 83-89.
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Pueblito de Allende
[Tistarite] Am. Min. 94,841-844(2009)
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Zagora Province
      • Ightem
[Hematite] Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Norway
 
  • Agder
    • Froland
[Corundum] Oftedahl, Chr. (1963): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway No 19. Red corundum of Froland at arendal. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 43, 431-439
  • Telemark
    • Kragerø
      • Kragerø Archipelago
        • Langøy
          • Langøy Iron Mines
[Hematite] Vogt, J. H. L. (1892) Om dannelsen af de vigtigste i Norge og sverige representerede grupper ad jernmalmforekomster. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 6: 114-127; Flaata, Stig (1990): Historien om Peder Anker gruve. Stein 17(4), 1-2 + 20-22.
  • Viken
    • Nes
      • Årnes
        • Farsjø
[Corundum] Bugge, C.(1951): Corundum at Farsjø, Nes, Romerike. Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift 29,77-83. + Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68. p. 59 and 61.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
    • Mopani District
[Corundum] Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 26 pp;
    • Vhembe District
      • Louis Trichardt
[Corundum] Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 26, 200 pp;
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
      • Antequera
[Hematite] Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid .Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp. Romero Silva JC (2003). MInerales y Rocas de la provincia de Málaga. Edited by CEDMA, Malaga city Council. 318pg. 1map; Romero Silva, J.C (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la Provincia de Málaga. CEDMA County Council 318 pp 1 map
  • Aragón
    • Zaragoza
      • Tierga
[Hematite] - Calvo, M. (2008). Minerales de Aragón. Prames, Zaragoza, 463 pags.
  • Asturias
[Hematite] Fuertes Acevedo, M. (1884): Mineralogía asturiana. Catálogo descriptivo de las sustancias así metálicas como lapídeas de la provincia de Asturias. Imprenta del Hospicio Provincial. 224 pp. Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp
      • El LLagú
        • Castro Cegallú-El Bravo
[Hematite] Calvo, Miguel. (2009). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV. Óxidos e hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 751 págs.
Switzerland
 
  • Grisons
    • Surselva Region
      • Tujetsch
        • Curnera Valley
[Hematite] Kipfer, A. (1974) Ein neues Hobby: Kleinmineralien sammeln und präparieren. Franckh'sche Verlagshandlung, W. Keller & Co., Stuttgart, 64 pp.; Stalder, H.A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S., and Stuker, P. (1998) Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 207.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Eden
        • Shap Rural
[Hematite] No reference listed
  • Scotland
    • Outer Hebrides
      • Isle of Lewis and Harris
        • Lewis
[Corundum] Jackson, B. 1984. Sapphire from Loch Roag, Isle of Lewis, Scotland. J.Gemmol. 19,336-42
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • La Paz County
      • Buckskin Mountains
        • Santa Maria Mining District (Planet Mining District; Swansea Mining District; Bill Williams Mining District)
[Hematite] Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 195, 246.
    • Maricopa Co.
[Hematite] self-collected by C. Lemanski, Jr.
    • Navajo Co.
      • Apache Iron Mining District
[Hematite] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, deposit ID #10027418.
  • Connecticut
    • Hartford Co.
      • East Granby
[Hematite] P. Cristofono collection
    • Litchfield Co.
      • Litchfield
[Corundum] Harvard Mineralogical Museum specimen
    • New Haven Co.
      • East Haven
[Hematite] Powell, Richard C. and Wolfgang Vogt. (1987), Cinque Quarry, A Suburban Site in Connecticut Makes Collecting a Cinch. Rock and Gem: (6): 36-39.
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Sparta Township
        • Franklin Marble
[Corundum] A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser (1978):9.
  • Rhode Island
    • Providence Co.
      • North Smithfield
[Hematite] Michael W. Kieron collection
 
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