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Arsenolamprite

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About ArsenolampriteHide

Formula:
As
Colour:
Grey-white.
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
2
Specific Gravity:
5.3 - 5.5
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named for its composition and for the Greek λαμπρός ("lampros") for "brilliant", in allusion to its luster.
Dimorph of:
Compare also pararsenolamprite.


Classification of ArsenolampriteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
1.CA.10

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
C : Metalloids and Nonmetals
A : Arsenic group elements
Dana 7th ed.:
1.3.1.2
1.3.2.1

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
3 : Semi-metals and non-metals
1.34

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Physical Properties of ArsenolampriteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Grey-white.
Comment:
Alters to a dull black coating
Streak:
Black.
Hardness:
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect in one direction.
Density:
5.3 - 5.5 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.577 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of ArsenolampriteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
weak
Reflectivity:
420nmR1=42.8%R2= 56.8%
440nmR1=43.6%R2= 55.4%
460nmR1=44.3%R2= 54.0%
480nmR1=44.7%R2= 52.8%
500nmR1=44.8%R2= 51.6%
520nmR1=44.6%R2= 50.5%
540nmR1=44.0%R2= 49.6%
560nmR1=43.1%R2= 48.7%
580nmR1=42.7%R2= 48.0%
600nmR1=42.6%R2= 47.4%
620nmR1=42.7%R2= 46.8%
640nmR1=43.0%R2= 46.3%
660nmR1=43.4%R2= 45.8%
680nmR1=43.8%R2= 45.5%
700nmR1=44.4%R2= 45.0%

Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 56.8%.
R1 shown in black, R2 shown in red

Chemical Properties of ArsenolampriteHide

Formula:
As
Common Impurities:
Bi

Crystallography of ArsenolampriteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.63 Å, b = 4.45 Å, c = 10.96 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.816 : 1 : 2.463
Unit Cell V:
177.04 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8
Morphology:
Needles to 8 mm, foliated, radial aggregates of plates, massive.
Comment:
On synthetic material

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.76 (10)
3.48 (6)
2.745 (8)
2.72 (10)
2.230 (5)
1.875 (7)
1.730 (7)
Comments:
Alacrán mine, Chile.

Type Occurrence of ArsenolampriteHide

Synonyms of ArsenolampriteHide

Other Language Names for ArsenolampriteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Arsenic10 photos of Arsenolamprite associated with Arsenic on mindat.org.
Quartz2 photos of Arsenolamprite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Proustite2 photos of Arsenolamprite associated with Proustite on mindat.org.
Arsenolite1 photo of Arsenolamprite associated with Arsenolite on mindat.org.
Realgar1 photo of Arsenolamprite associated with Realgar on mindat.org.
Calcite1 photo of Arsenolamprite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.CA.05AntimonySbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.CA.05ArsenicAsTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.CA.05BismuthBiTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.CA.05StibarsenAsSbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.CA.10Pararsenolamprite(As,Sb)Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
1.CA.15ParadocrasiteSb3AsMon. 2 : B2

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

1.1CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.2SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.5GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.6AuricuprideCu3AuOrth.
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCuTet.
1.8ZincZnHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.9CadmiumCdHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2Iso.
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZnIso.
1.12MercuryHgTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6Iso.
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2Iso.
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9Hex.
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2Orth.
1.18LuanheiteAg3HgHex.
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.20IndiumInTet.
1.21AluminiumAlIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2Tet.
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)AlOrth.
1.24DiamondCIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.25GraphiteCHex. 6mm : P63mc
1.26ChaoiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
1.27LonsdaleiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.28SiliconSi
1.29TinSnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
1.30LeadPbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.31AnyuiiteAuPb2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mcm
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
1.33ArsenicAsTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.35PaxiteCuAs2Mon.
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2Hex.
1.37DomeykiteCu3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10Mon.
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7 Iso.
1.41AntimonySbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.42StibarsenAsSbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3AsMon. 2 : B2
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)Hex.
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
1.48DyscrasiteAg3SbOrth. mm2 : Pmm2
1.49BismuthBiTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.50MaldoniteAu2BiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.51SulphurS8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
1.52RosickýiteSMon. 2/m : P2/b
1.53SeleniumSeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.54TelluriumTeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.55ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.56RheniumReHex.
1.57IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.60WairauiteCoFe
1.61NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)Iso.
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.64TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.65AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.67PotaritePdHgTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.68PaolovitePd2SnOrth.
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2Hex.
1.70CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.71Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3SnOrth.
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
1.74ZvyagintsevitePd3PbIso.
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2Hex.
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)Iso.
1.82PlatinumPtIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.83HongshiitePtCuTrig.
1.84NiggliitePtSnHex.
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3FeIso.
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFeTet.
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFeTet.
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNiTet.
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)Iso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
Comprised of arsenic - always wash hands after handling. Avoid inhaling dust when handling or breaking. Never lick or ingest.

References for ArsenolampriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Breithaupt, J.A.F. (1823) Arsenik-Glanz. Vollständige Charakteristik des Mineral-Systems, Dresden, 2nd ed., p. 129 and 250-251.
Hintze, C. (1886) Ueber Arsenolamprit. Zeitschrift für Krystallographie und Mineralogie: 11: 606-608.
Jung, H. (1926) Über Arsen und Phosphor. Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie: 4: 111.
Foshag, W.F. (1928) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 13: 32-34.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 130.
Johan, Z. (1959) Arsenolamprit – die rhombische Modifikation des Arsens aus Cerny Dul (Schwarzenthal) im Riesengebirge. Chemie der Erde: 20: 71-80.
Fleischer, M. (1960) New mineral names. New data. American Mineralogist: 45: 479.
Smith, P.M., Leadbetter, A.J., Apling, A.J. (1974) The structures of orthorhombic and vitreous arsenic. Philosophical Magazine: 31: 57-64.
Puselj, M., Ban, Z., Grdenic, D. (1977) On the Allotropy of Arsenic. Zeitschrift für Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie: 437: 289-292.

Internet Links for ArsenolampriteHide

Localities for ArsenolampriteHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Stubalpe
      • Kleinfeistritz
        • Kothgraben (Kotgraben)
Haditsch (1964)
Chile
 
  • Atacama Region
    • Copiapó Province
      • Tierra Amarilla
RWMW specimen
          • Alacrán
Am Min 73:189
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemia Region
    • Příbram
      • Háje
Bulletin Nat. Mus. in Prague (2007)
  • Hradec Králové Region
    • Krkonoše Mtn (Riesengebirge)
Johan, Z. & Hak, J. (1961): Novákite, (Cu,Ag)4As3, a new mineral. American Mineralogist. 46: 885-891.
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
      • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
        • Přebuz District (Frühbuß)
          • Přebuz (Frühbuß)
Rojík, P. (2006): J. Czech Geol. Soc. 50 (3-4), 157-165.
France
 
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
Handbook of Mineralogy
        • Neuenberg
          • Sankt Jakob vein
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Böckelsbach valley
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
          • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
          • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Hösbach
        • Sailauf
          • Hartkoppe
see locality page
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Abtsteinach
        • Mackenheim
Fettel, M. (1986): Arsenolamprit aus dem Vorderen Odenwald. LAPIS 11(11), 25-26 / S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Mühltal
        • Nieder-Beerbach
Peter Haas
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Winnweiler
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge District
      • Marienberg District
        • Gehringswalde
A. Breithaupt (1823): Vollständige Charakteristik des Mineral-Systems.- Dresden, 2nd ed., p. 129 and 250-251
        • Lauta
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium; Lavreotiki Municipality)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Plaka
          • Plaka Mines
Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Mozambique
 
  • Zambezia Province
    • Alto Ligonha District
Thomas, R., Davidson, P. (2010): Hambergite-rich melt inclusions in morganite crystals from the Muiane pegmatite, Mozambique and some remarks on the paragenesis of hambergite. - Mineralogy and Petrology, 100, 3-4, 227-23
Poland
 
  • Upper Silesia (Śląskie)
    • Upper Silesian Coal Basin
      • Rybnik Coal Area
Ł. Kruszewski PXRD data; some from the collection of W. Sierny
Ł. Kruszewski PXRD data (to be published soon)
Republic of Macedonia
 
  • Lipkovo
Đorđević, T., Kolitsch, U., Tasev, G., Serafimovski, T. & Boev, B. (2017): Anomalous As-enrichment in gersdorffite in a realgar-rich environment: Lojane, Macedonia. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 163, 38 (abs.).
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
No reference listed
USA
 
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn District
        • Goldstrike Mines
          • Betze-Post pit
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Mineral and/or Locality  
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