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Apatite Group

This page kindly sponsored by Matt Zukowski
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About Apatite GroupHide

Name:
The group has its name after the generic name apatite first introduced by the German mineralogist Abraham Gottlob Werner in 1786 (Gerards 1786). It is derived from the Greek ἀπατάω (apatao), to deceive, in allusion to apatite often being confused with other minerals (e.g., beryl, milarite). The designation "Apatite Group" has been used with different definitions in the history of mineralogy. The new nomenclature of the apatite supergroup and its divisons in 5 groups, among them the apatite group was approved by the IMA in 2010 (Pasero et al. 2010).
A group in the Apatite Supergroup which includes hexagonal and pseudohexagonal phosphates, arsenates and vanadates containing the same species-defining cation at both the M1 and M2 sites (Pasero et al 2010).

"Apatite" (sensu lato) is often used commonly as the generic name for the members of the group which have not been differentiated into specific species through analytical methods and was the name commonly used in the past. Older synonyms for undifferentiated apatites are listed under the Apatite file.


According to Chadefaux et al. (1999) some blue bones may comprise an apatite-group species with pentavalent manganese, confirmed to be present as MnO43- (manganate(V)) anion substituting for the PO43- one.

According to Broska et al. (2014), some apatites may bear small amounts of cyanide (CN-), too.

Some minerals in the apatite group:
Phosphates:
09657550014961104954789.jpg
Fluorapatite
06177720014946276239833.jpg
Chlorapatite
07615440014946276239154.jpg
Alforsite
08676120014946276239708.jpg
Ellestadite
00214550014946276242448.jpg
Pyromorphite
02198740014960842602865.jpg
Fluorapatite
06650440014977294013522.jpg
Chlorapatite
07615440014946276239154.jpg
Alforsite
08676120014946276239708.jpg
Ellestadite
04592150014961105257789.jpg
Pyromorphite
01727600014946276243394.jpg
Fluorapatite
02903520014946276245334.jpg
Chlorapatite
05188210014946276249115.jpg
Alforsite
06469340014946276249018.jpg
Ellestadite
07989380014946276245019.jpg
Pyromorphite
Arsenates:
08905190014946276242786.jpg
Svabite
00040190014946276258237.jpg
Johnbaumite
02445750014946276257935.jpg
Turneaureite
05262450014946276258517.jpg
Mimetite
04925640014971956113257.jpg
Svabite
05949130015031622724057.jpg
Johnbaumite
09112720015147242646975.jpg
Turneaureite
00042080015063247733478.jpg
Mimetite
03468440014960842605945.jpg
Svabite
07348930014946514461390.jpg
Johnbaumite
02445750014946276257935.jpg
Turneaureite
03824030014946514728174.jpg
Mimetite
Vanadates:
00777630014946276268646.jpg
Vanadinite
01453560014946276266888.jpg
Vanadinite
00005030014962592043371.jpg
Vanadinite
02190360014946276261641.jpg
Vanadinite
02942840014946276261194.jpg
Vanadinite
00777630014946276268646.jpg
Vanadinite
01453560014946276266888.jpg
Vanadinite
06022330014960842603800.jpg
Vanadinite
02190360014946276261641.jpg
Vanadinite
03355330014993057205174.jpg
Vanadinite
04059320014946276266950.jpg
Vanadinite
04896820014946276263271.jpg
Vanadinite
05837260014946276262642.jpg
Vanadinite
07268100014946276267450.jpg
Vanadinite
09020500014946513016220.jpg
Vanadinite




Classification of Apatite GroupHide

Notes:
IMA Approved Group Name

Relationship of Apatite Group to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Belovite GroupA group in the Apatite Supergroup which includes hexagonal and trigonal phosphates with the M1 site split ...
Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Ellestadite GroupA group in the Apatite Supergroup which includes hexagonal and pseudohexagonal sulphato-silicates with the ...
Hedyphane GroupA group in the Apatite Supergroup which includes hexagonal and pseudohexagonal phosphates, arsenates and ...
ParafiniukiteCa2Mn3(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
PliniusiteCa5(VO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
VanackeritePb4Cd(AsO4)3ClTrig. 3 : P3
Group Members:
Alforsite Ba5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
Apatite Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
  Chlorapatite Ca5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
  Fluorapatite Ca5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
  Hydroxylapatite Ca5(PO4)3(OH)Hex. 6/m : P63/m
Germanate-pyromorphite Pb5(PO4)2GeO4
Hydroxylpyromorphite Pb5(PO4)3(OH)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
Johnbaumite Ca5(AsO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
Mimetite Pb5(AsO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
Oxypyromorphite Pb10(PO4)6O
Pieczkaite Mn5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
Pyromorphite Pb5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
Stronadelphite Sr5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
Svabite Ca5(AsO4)3FHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
Turneaureite Ca5(AsO4)3ClHex.
Unnamed (F-analogue of Pyromorphite) Pb5(PO4)3F
Unnamed (OH-analogue of Mimetite) Pb5(AsO4)3(OH)
Vanadinite Pb5(VO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Apatite Group in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for Apatite GroupHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Gerhards, C.A. (1786) Erster Ahnung. Von einigen noch nicht genau bestimmten und ganz neu entdecken Mineralien. in Grundriss des Mineralsystems, Christian Friedrich Himburg (Berlin): 281-287 [First introduction of the name apatite, Werner credited as the originator]
Chadefaux, C., Vignaud, C., Chalmin, E., Robles-Chamaco, J., Arroyo-Cabrales, J., Johnson, E., Reiche, I. (2009) Color origin and heat evidence of paleontological bones: Case study of blue and gray bones from San Josecito Cave, Mexico. American Mineralogist: 94: 27-33.
Pasero, M., Kampf, A.R., Ferraris, C., Pekov, I.V., Rakovan, J. and White, T.J. (2010) Nomenclature of the apatite supergroup minerals. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22: 163-179.
Broska, I., Krogh Ravna, E.J., Vojtko, P., Janák, M., Konečný, P., Pentrák, M., Bačík, Luptáková, J., Kullerud, K. (2014): Oriented inclusions in apatite in a post-UHP fluid-mediated regime (Tromsø Nappe, Norway). European Journal of Mineralogy: 26(5): 623-634.
Hughes, J.M. and Rakovan, J.F. (2015) Structurally robust, chemically diverse: apatite and apatite supergroup minerals. Elements, 11: 165-170.
Roycroft, P.D. and Cuypers, M. (2015) The etymology of the mineral name 'apatite': a clarification. Irish Journal of Earth Sciences, 3: 71-75.

Internet Links for Apatite GroupHide

Significant localities for Apatite GroupHide

Showing 98 significant localities out of 15,680 recorded on mindat.org.

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
[Fluorapatite] Worner, H. K. and Mitchell, R. W., eds. Birch, W. D. (et al) (1982) Minerals of Broken Hill, published by Australian Mining & Smelting Limited ISBN 0-909221-18-9
  • Northern Territory
    • Victoria-Daly Region
      • Grove Hill
[Mimetite] England, B.M., Robinson, N. (1988) Mimetite and Duftite from the Mount Bonnie Mine, Northern Territory. The Mineralogical Record, 19:6, 441-450. ; Badjwah, ZU, 2007 Annual Exploration report. Mt Bonnie Group. https://geoscience.nt.gov.au/gemis/ntgsjspui/bitstream/1/85582/1/CR20060658_2006_GA.pdf
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Rosebud Station
        • Mary Kathleen district
[Fluorapatite] Costas Constantinides collection, Australian museum id
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan District
        • Dundas mineral field
[Mimetite] N.R. Kemp and R.S. Bottrill : "Crocoite : mine is from which mine", 5th International Conference "Mineralogy & Museums", Paris, Sept. 5-8th 2004, Bull. de Liaison de la Soc. Franç. de Minéralogie et Cristallographie, 2004, Vol 16, N°2.
        • Zeehan mineral field
          • Zeehan Queen mine ("Sylvester-Queen")
[Pyromorphite] R Bottrill collection
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Knappenwand area
[Fluorapatite] Harjo Neutkens collection
  • Styria
    • Fischbacher Alpen
      • Krieglach
        • Teschengraben
[Mimetite] Tomazic, P. (1999): Der Blei-Zink Bergbau Freßnitzkogel - Stanglalm, Mürztal, Steiermark, Österreich. Annalen, Journal of science and art, 1, 57-62
Belgium
 
  • Wallonia
    • Walloon Brabant
      • Rebecq
        • Bierghes
[Apatite] Harjo Neutkens collection
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba
    • Arque Province
[Fluorapatite] (Widespread in collections in Bolivia.)
  • Potosí
    • Cerro Huañaquino
[Hydroxylapatite var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Alfredo Petrov (1997) Mineral News, 13, #4.
Canada
 
  • Manitoba
    • Cross Lake
      • North Group
[Pieczkaite] Tait, K., Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, N. and Abdu, Y. (2014) Pieczkaite, IMA 2014-005. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 555; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558. ; Tait, K., Ball, N.A. and Hawthorne, F. (2015): Pieczkaite, ideally Mn5(PO4)3Cl, a new apatite-supergroup mineral from Cross Lake, Manitoba, Canada: Description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist, 100, 1047-1052
  • Ontario
    • Haliburton Co.
      • Monmouth Township
[Fluorapatite] Van King; G. W. Robinson, V. King (1993) Whats New in Minerals. Mineralogical Record 24:381-395; Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42; Bermanec V, Tomašić N, Kniewald G, Back M E, Zagler G (2008) Nioboaeschynite-(Y), a new member of the aeschynite group from the Bear Lake diggings, Haliburton County, Ontario, Canada, The Canadian Mineralogist 46, 395-402
        • Concession 15
          • Lot 34/35
[Fluorapatite] Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42
[Fluorapatite] Michael Bainbridge collection
    • Hastings Co.
      • Carlow Township
[Apatite] Matthew Neuzil Collection
    • Renfrew Co.
      • Sebastopol Township
        • Miller property
[Apatite] R & M for the collector: Ottawa-North Bay; Hull-Waltham
[Apatite] R & M for the collector Ottawa-North Bay; Hull to Waltham
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • La Vallée-de-l'Or RCM
        • Réservoir-Dozois
[Fluorapatite] Olivier Langelier Collection; Hudon, P., Friedman, R.M., Gauthier, G. & Martignole, J. (2006) Age of the Cabonga nepheline syenite, Grenville Province, western Quebec. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, vol. 43(9), 1237-1249.
    • Outaouais
      • Pontiac RCM
        • Otter Lake
[Fluorapatite] Leavitt, D.L. (1981). "Minerals of the Yates uranium mine, Pontiac County (Québec)." Mineralogical Record, 12(6),pp:359-363.; M A G Lafontaine (1979) Uranium-Thorium Deposite at the Yates Mine, Huddersfield Township, Quebec. MSc thesis, University of Ottawa.
Chile
 
  • Coquimbo
    • Elqui Province
      • La Serena
        • Tambillos mining district
[Fluorapatite var: Cuproapatite] No reference listed
China
 
  • Guangxi
    • Guilin
      • Gongcheng Co.
[Pyromorphite] Guanghua Liu and Ottens, B. (2005): The Mineralogical Record 36(1) 25-33; Mineralogical Record 40:328
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Kujalleq
      • Igaliku
        • Narsaarsuk Plateau
[Apatite var: Yttriumapatite] Flink, G. (1899): Part I. On the Minerals from Narsarsuk on the Firth of Tunugdliarfik in South Greenland, p.8-180. In Flink, G., Bøgghild, O.B. & Winther, C. med inledende bemærkninger af Ussing, N. V. (1901): Undersøgelser af Mineralier fra Julianehaab indsamlet af G. Flink 1897. Meddelelser om Grønland. 24: 1-213 Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.178)
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Rhône
      • Beaujeu
        • Les Ardillats
[Mimetite] Favreau G., Legris J-R., Dardillac M. (1996), La Verrière (Rhône): Histoire et Minéralogie, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, pp:3-28
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
[Apatite] Lefèvre M. (1996), Une pegmatite à tourmaline et apatite colorées dans le massif granitique de Roscoff (Finistère), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°2, pp: 16-17
    • Morbihan
      • Plumelin
[Pyromorphite] Le Roc'h P., Bocianowski M. ((2001), La carrière de la Lande, Plumelin (Morbihan), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°72, pp: 7-10
  • Grand Est
    • Bas-Rhin
      • Sélestat-Erstein
        • Urbeis
[Mimetite var: Campylite] Thierry Brunsperger collection.
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Thann-Guebwiller
        • Cernay
          • Steinbach
            • Silberthal
[Pyromorphite] Mines, mineurs et minéralogie du Silberthal, tomes 1 et 2
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Corrèze
      • Ussel
[Pyromorphite] Brousse, A. (1982): Famous Mineral Localities. Les Farges mine. Mineralogical Record 13 (5), 261-68
Germany
 
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Ehrenfriedersdorf
[Fluorapatite] Thomas, R., and Webster, J.D. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 570-582.
      • Johanngeorgenstadt
[Mimetite] Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
[Pyromorphite] http://tw.strahlen.org/typloc/pyromorphit.html
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Arbus
[Pyromorphite] Bornemann, V. (1898): Su alcuni minerali della Sardegna. Resoconti delle riunioni dell'Associazione Mineraria Sarda, 3, 6-7; Hintze, C., Linck, G.E. (1933): Handbuch der Mineralogie. Bd. 1. Abt. 4. Borate, Aluminate und Ferrate. Phosphate, Arseniate, Antimoniate, Vanadate, Niobate und Tantalate. Arsenite und Antimonite. Organische Verbindungen. Walter De Gruyter & Co., Berlin & Leipzig, XII + 1454 pp.; Billows, E. (1941): I minerali della Sardegna e i loro giacimenti. Tipografia V. Musanti, Cagliari, 167 pp.; Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. [with contributions of Vinci, A., Astolfi, M.] (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Associazione Mineralogica Sarda, Associazione Mineralogica Domusnovas, Gruppo Mineralogico Arburese, Gruppo Mineralogico Paleontologico Piacentino, Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo et al. Ed., Siena, Vol. 2, 192 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Stazzema
[Apatite] Struever G., 1871. Apatite della miniera del Bottino presso Seravezza. Atti R. Acad. Sci. Torino, 26
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Casas Grandes Municipality
      • San Pedro Corralitos
        • León Group
[Mimetite] Panczner(1987):130 & 348.
  • Durango
    • Durango Municipality
      • Victoria de Durango
[Fluorapatite] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 886.
  • Hidalgo
    • Zimapán Municipality
[Vanadinite] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 897.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet
    • Er Rachidia Province (Errachidia Province)
      • Imilchil
[Fluorapatite] James Stroud's Collection
    • Midelt Province
      • Mibladen mining district
[Vanadinite] Praszkier, T. (2013) Mibladen, Morocco. Mineralogical Record, 44, 247-285.
Namibia
 
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
[Mimetite] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 268, 893; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 295.
Norway
 
  • Telemark
[Chlorapatite] Rammelsberg, C.F. (1860) Handbuch der Mineralchemie. First edition, Leipzig, p. 353 Raade, G. (1996): Minerals originally described from Norway. Including notes on type material. Bergverksmuseets Skrift nr 11, p. 29
Pakistan
 
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
    • Mohmand Agency
      • Warsak (Warzak)
        • Ganadao (Gandahab; Ghandahab valley)
[Apatite] personnal observation on field (in Peshawar)
Peru
 
  • Áncash
    • Bolognesi Province
      • Huallanca District
        • Huallanca
[Apatite] (specimens are widespread in numerous collections)
    • Pallasca Province
      • Pampas District
[Fluorapatite] Mineralogical Record 28, No. 4 (1997); collections of Rock Currier, Jack Crowley, Jaroslav Hyrsl and Alfredo Petrov.
  • Huancavelica
    • Angaraes Province
[Fluorapatite] Crowley, Jack A., Currier, Rock H., & Szenics, Terry (1997) Mines and Minerals of Peru. Mineralogical Record, Vol.28, No.4. 98p.
Portugal
 
  • Castelo Branco
    • Covilhã
[Fluorapatite] American Mineralogist, Volume 67, pages 854-860, l982; Dunn, P. J. (1977): Apatite. A guide to species nomenclature. Mineralogical Record 8 (2): 78-82
Russia
 
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
      • Kukisvumchorr Mt
[Stronadelphite] IMA website - May 2008 approvals
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Beryozovsky
[Pyromorphite] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 650, 893; World of Stones 2/93 p.35.; Cook, R. B. (2007). Crocoite: Dundas, Tasmania, Australia. Rocks & Minerals, 82(1), 50-54
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Córdoba
      • Santa Eufemia
        • Minas Viejas
[Pyromorphite] Calvo, M. (2015). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol VII. Fosfatos, Arseniatos y Vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 págs.
    • Jaén
      • Linares-La Carolina District
        • Linares
[Mimetite] Colectivo Arrayanes, Fernando J. Palero, Gonzalo Garcia, Cesar Menor (2008): El Coto de la Luz. Bocamina, 22: 56-105.
  • Aragón
    • Zaragoza
      • Munébrega
[Pyromorphite] Calvo, M., Torró, V. and Sánchez, J.L. (2018). The la Ascensióndel Señor Mine, Munébrega, Zaragoza, Spain. A "new" locality for pyromorphite, more than 150 years old. Mineral Up, 5 (1), 8-22
  • Community of Madrid
[Apatite] Garcia G., Gonzalez C., Bueno A. (2004) - Cadalso de los Vidrios (Madrid), Bocamina, n° 14, pp: 12-46.
  • Murcia
    • Jumilla
      • La Celia
[Fluorapatite] Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.
Sweden
 
  • Skåne County
    • Bromölla
      • Näsum
[Apatite] The Swedish Museum of Natural History collection # 18680536
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
[Turneaureite] Dunn, P.J., Petersen, E. U., Peacor D. R. (1985) Turneaureite, a new member of the apatite group from Franklin, New Jersey, Balmat, New York and Långban, Sweden, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23: 251-254
      • Nordmark district
        • Jakobsberg ore field
[Svabite] Sjögren, H. (1892): Contributions to Swedish mineralogy. Part I: 7. Svabite a new member of the apatite group. Bulletin of the Geological Institution of the University of Upsala. 1, 50–56.
    • Munkfors
      • Ransäter
[Chlorapatite var: Munkforssite] Igelström (1897) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 27: 601; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1006.
Tanzania
 
  • Manyara Region
    • Simanjiro District
      • Lelatema Mts
[Fluorapatite] Mineralogical Record (2009) 40:347-408. Rocks and Minerals (2013) 88(2):179-183.
[Fluorapatite] Van King; Simonoff J., Wise M (2012) A closer Look at Merelani Minerals. Mineral News Vol 28 No 2; Rocks and Minerals 88(2), 179-183 (2013); Rocks and Minerals 88(2), 154-165 (2013).
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Stokeclimsland
        • Callington United Mines (incl. Emmens United Mines)
[Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite var: Holmbushite] Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 105 pp.
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries and Galloway
      • Wanlockhead
        • Wanlock Dod-Whytes Cleuch
[Vanadinite] [MinRec 12:247]
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Melindwr
        • Goginan
[Pyromorphite] No reference listed
      • Trefeirig
        • Pen-bont Rhydybeddau
[Pyromorphite] No reference listed
      • Upper Llanfihangell-y-Creuddyn
        • Pontrhydygroes
[Pyromorphite] BMS Database, UKJMM 17
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Pima Co.
      • Tucson Mts
        • Amole Mining District
          • Saguaro National Monument
[Vanadinite] Guild, F.N. (1911) Mineralogische Notizen. Zeitschrift für Krystallografie und Mineralogie, 49, 321-331.; University of Arizona Bulletin 41 (1916-17) Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in Arizona: 59.; Jenkins, O.P. and Wilson, E.D. (1920) A geological reconnaissance of the Tucson and Amole Mountains, with Notes on the southern section of the Amole mining district, by M.A. Allen: Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin no. 106, 29 pp.: 6, 16-17.; Galbraith, F.W. and Brennan, D.J. (1959) Minerals of Arizona: 73.; Bideaux, R.A. et al. (1960) Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona. Arizona Geological Society Digest, 3, 53-56.; Speckels, M.L. (1965) Minerals for everyone: the complete guide to micromounts. Gembooks, Mentone, California.; Keith, Stanton B. (1974) Arizona Bureau of Geology & Mineral Technology, Geological Survey Branch Bulletin 189: Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, Arizona: 102 (Table 4).; Jones, D. (1983) Famous mineral localities: the Old Yuma mine. Mineralogical Record, 14(2), 95-107, 326.; Rocks & Minerals (1988) 63, 328.; Anthony, J.W. et al. (1995) Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 158, 331, 410.
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Wrightson Mining District
        • Temporal Gulch
          • Gringo Gulch
[Vanadinite] Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 307, 411, 426; Pellegrin, A.L. (1911), Rare minerals in southern AZ, Mining World: 34: 450; Novak, G. & W.W. Besse (1986), Vanadinite from the J.C. Holmes claim, Santa Cruz Co., AZ, Min.Rec.: 17: 111-115.
  • California
    • Fresno Co.
      • Big Creek-Rush Creek Mining District
        • Rush Creek deposit
[Alforsite] Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 314.
[Alforsite] [MinRec 33:161]; American Mineralogist (1981), Volume 66, pages 1050-1053
  • Connecticut
    • Fairfield County
      • Bethel
[Pyromorphite] Januzzi, Ronald E. (1959), Wulfenite and Cerussite at Bethel, Connecticut. American Mineralogist: 14(11-12).
    • Litchfield Co.
      • Thomaston
        • Thomaston Dam
[Pyromorphite] Schooner, Richard. (1961), The Mineralogy of Connecticut. Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.; Segeler, Curt and Molon, Joseph. (1985), The Thomaston Dam Site, Thomaston, Connecticut; Rocks & Minerals: 60(3): 119-124.
      • Torrington (Wolcottville)
[Fluorapatite] Mike polletta specimen
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
        • Haddam Neck
[Fluorapatite] Mineralogical Magazine 1902 13 : 97-121.; Scovil, Jeffrey A. (1992): Famous Mineral Localities: the Gillette Quarry, Haddam Neck, Connecticut. (Mineralogical Record, 23(1):19-28.); Cameron, Eugene N. and others. (1954) PEGMATITE INVESTIGATIONS 1942-45 NEW ENGLAND. U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 255.
      • Portland
        • Collins Hill
          • Strickland pegmatite (Strickland-Cramer Quarry; Strickland-Cramer Mine; Strickland-Cramer Feldspar-Mica Quarries)
[Fluorapatite] Harold Moritz collection; Seaman, David W. (1947): Reminiscing On Collins Hill, Portland, Conn. Rocks & Minerals, vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 732-3.
[Fluorapatite] Cameron, Eugene N., Larrabee, David M., McNair, Andrew H., Page, James T., Stewart, Glenn W., and Shainin, Vincent E. (1954): Pegmatite Investigations 1942-45 New England; USGS Professional Paper 255: 333-338.; Schooner, Richard. (1955): 90 Minerals from 1 Connecticut Hill. Rocks & Minerals: 30(7-8): 351-8.; Schooner, Richard. (1958): The Mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam Area in Connecticut (With a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough). Published by Richard Schooner; Ralph Lieser of Pappy’s Beryl Shop, East Hampton; and Howard Pate of Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.
  • Georgia
    • Cherokee Co.
      • Holly Springs
[Fluorapatite] Rocks & Min.: 16:94.
  • Idaho
    • Shoshone Co.
      • Kellogg
        • Bunker Hill properties
[Pyromorphite] Idaho Minerals (2004) L. Ream 2nd ed; Dunn, J. (1982): On the Chemical Composition of Bunker Hill Pyromorphite. Mineralogical Record 13 (5), 286
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Auburn
        • West Mount Apatite Mining District
[Fluorapatite] King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine. Descriptive Mineralogy, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, pp. 418 + 88 plates.
  • Massachusetts
    • Bristol Co.
      • Acushnet
[Fluorapatite] M. Haritos collection; Cahoon, James C. (1985). Massachusetts: A Classic Swiss Alpine Cleft Mineral Region (Boston Mineralogical Symposium program book, May 1985)
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Easthampton
[Pyromorphite] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 893; Rocks & Minerals (1948): 23: 594-597.
  • Michigan
    • Gogebic Co.
      • Gogebic iron range
        • Marenisco
[Hydroxylpyromorphite] Olds, T.A., Carlson, S.M., Kampf, A.R., Rakovan, J., Laughlin-Yurs, C., Burns, P.C. and Mills, O.P. (2017) Hydroxylpyromorphite, IMA 2017-075. CNMNC Newsletter No. 40, December 2017, page 1580; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1577–1581.
  • New Jersey
    • Morris Co.
      • Jefferson Township
        • Hurdtown
[Apatite] The Iron Mines of NJ (1910), Bayley:332; NJ State Geol. Ann. Rpt. (1856):167; State NJ Bull. #50:192.
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
[Johnbaumite] Dunn, P.J., et al: Am.Min.:65:1143-1145 (1980); Dunn(1995):Pt5:651.
[Johnbaumite]
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
[Fluorapatite] Dunn (1995); Harold Moritz collection
  • New York
    • St. Lawrence Co.
      • Balmat-Edwards Zinc Mining District
        • Balmat
[Turneaureite] Dunn, P.J., et al (1985) Canadian Mineralogist: 23: 251-254.
  • North Carolina
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain Mining District
[Fluorapatite] Jack Eaker collection.; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
    • Davidson Co.
      • Carolina Slate Belt
        • Cid Mining District
          • Silver Valley
[Pyromorphite] Genth,F.A.,and Kerr,W.C.,(1885)Minerals and Mineral Localities of North Carolina
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • Schuylkill Township
        • Phoenixville Mining District
[Pyromorphite] Ref 1) Second Geological Survey of Pennsylvania, Preliminary Report on the Mineralogy of Pennsylvania 1874; F. A. Genth, Pgs. 139-140 Ref 2); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 893; Mineralogical Record: 20(5): 369-384.
  • Texas
    • Llano Co.
      • Kingsland Granite Company Quarry (Petrick Quarry)
[Fluorapatite] Self collected by Franklin Roberts, verified by SEM-EDS
Zambia
 
  • Central Province
    • Kabwe
      • Kabwe (Broken Hill)
[Pyromorphite] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 734, 870; Mineralogical Record: 11: 339.
 
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