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About PlagioniteHide

blackish lead grey
Specific Gravity:
5.54 - 5.58
Crystal System:
From the Greek πλάγιος for "oblique" alluding to the oblique habit of the crystals.
Plagionite Group.

An intermediate member of a homologous series, defined by the thickness of a galena sheet in the structure.

May be confused with Fülöppite.

Classification of PlagioniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
C : With only Pb

6 : 2 < ø < 2.49

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
6 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb alone

Pronounciation of PlagioniteHide

PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of PlagioniteHide

blackish lead grey
blackish lead grey
2½ on Mohs scale
Very Good
on {112} ({001} of galena sheet)
Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
5.54 - 5.58 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.6 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of PlagioniteHide


Chemical Properties of PlagioniteHide

Common Impurities:

Crystallography of PlagioniteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.4757(8) Å, b = 11.8656(4) Å, c = 19.9834(7) Å
β = 107.168(4)°
a:b:c = 1.136 : 1 : 1.684
Unit Cell V:
3,052.92 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Thick tabular {001}. Short prismatic at times [20-1]. Striated [1-10]. Massive granular to compact.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
3.87 (80)
3.77 (70)
3.61 (50)
3.26 (90)
3.21 (100)
2.911 (90)
2.622 (60)

Type Occurrence of PlagioniteHide

Synonyms of PlagioniteHide

Other Language Names for PlagioniteHide

Relationship of Plagionite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
FülöppitePb3Sb8S15Mon. 2/m : B2/b
HeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/b
SemseyitePb9Sb8S21Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Quartz6 photos of Plagionite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Galena5 photos of Plagionite associated with Galena on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.HC.05bArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.05bBaumhaueritePb12As16S36Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.05eChabournéiteTl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.05dDufrénoysitePb2As2S5Mon. 2 : P21
2.HC.05aGuettarditePbAsSbS4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.05fParapierrotiteTlSb5S8Mon. m
2.HC.05fPierrotiteTl2(Sb,As)10S16Orth. mm2 : Pna21
2.HC.05dRathiteAg2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.05aSartoritePbAs2S4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HC.05aTwinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4Mon. 2/m
2.HC.05dVeenitePb2(Sb,As)2S5Mon. 2 : P21
2.HC.05gMarumoitePb32As40S92Mon. 2 : P21
2.HC.05eDalnegroite(Tl4Pb2)(As12Sb8)S34Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.10aFülöppitePb3Sb8S15Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.HC.10cHeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.HC.10dSemseyitePb9Sb8S21Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.HC.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.20RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HC.25MoëloitePb6Sb6S14(S3)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 2
2.HC.30DadsonitePb23Sb25S60ClTric. 1 : P1
2.HC.35OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.40ParasterryiteAg4Pb20Sb14As10S58Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)HideülöppitePb3Sb8S15Mon. 2/m : B2/b 2/m : B2/b 2/m : B2/b,Tl)2Sb8S21Mon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.6.1SartoritePbAs2S4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.2DufrénoysitePb2As2S5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.4BaumhaueritePb12As16S36Tric. 1 : P1
5.6.5GratonitePb9As4S15Trig. 3m : R3m
5.6.6JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.7FülöppitePb3Sb8S15Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.8ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42Hex. 6 : P63
5.6.10HeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.13SemseyitePb9Sb8S21Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.17RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.18GuettarditePbAsSbS4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.19Twinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4Mon. 2/m
5.6.20VeenitePb2(Sb,As)2S5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.21SorbyiteCuPb9(Sb,As)11S26Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.6.22GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.23GalenobismutitePbBi2S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.24CosalitePb2Bi2S5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.25CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.26LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.27GiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57Mon. 2/m
5.6.32KirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.33UstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PlagioniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Zincken, C. (1831): Ueber ein neues Spiessglanzerz. Annalen der Physik und Chemie 22, 492-492.
Rose (1833): Ann. Phys.: 2: 421.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 464-465.
Jambor, J.L. (1969): Sulphosalts of the plagionite group. Mineralogical Magazine, 37, 442–446.
Cho, A.S., Wuensch, B.J. (1974): The crystal structure of plagionite, Pb5Sb8S17, the second member on the homologous series Pb3+2nSb8S15+2n. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 139, 351-378.
Dan Topa, unpubl. crystal-structure refinement (pers. comm. to Uwe Kolitsch)

Internet Links for PlagioniteHide

Localities for PlagioniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Syunik' Province
    • Sisian (Sisavan; Karakilisa)
Kukulyan, M. A. (1983): Separation sequence of lead sulfantimonites and their crystallization conditions as illustrated by the Mardzhan polymetallic ore deposit. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Armyanskoi SSR, Nauki o Zemle 36(5), 68-74 (in Russian).
  • Carinthia
    • Packalpe
      • Bad St Leonhard
Taucher, J. (1995): Matrixx - Mineralogische Nachrichten aus Österreich 4, 52-56
    • Saualpe
      • Bad St Leonhard
        • Kliening
          • Mischlinggraben
C.Auer (2013)
  • Oruro
    • Cercado Province
No reference listed
No reference listed
[MinRec 32:479]
Federico Ahlfeld and Jorge Muñoz Reyes (1955) Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia. (Banco Minero de Bolivia)
    • Dalence Province
      • Huanuni
[MinRec 32:472]
  • Potosí
    • Antonio Quijarro Province
Econ Geol (1997) 92:623-632; Dill, H. G., Weiser, T., Bernhardt, I. R., & Kilibarda, C. R. (1995). The composite gold-antimony vein deposit at Kharma (Bolivia). Economic Geology, 90(1), 51-66.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    • Central Bosnia Canton
      • Fojnica
Ivan Jurković, Mehmed Ramović, Franjo Zec (1999): CHEMICAL AND GEOCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ČEMERNICA ANTIMONITE DEPOSIT IN THE MID-BOSNIAN SCHIST MOUNTAINS. Rudarsko-Geološko-Naftni Zbornik. 11, 1-16. [http://hrcak.srce.hr/file/20593]
    • Tuzla Canton
      • Srebrenica
Slobodan A. Radosavljević, Jovica N. Stojanović, Ana S. Radosavljević-Mihajlović, Nikola S. Vuković (2016): (Pb–Sb)-bearing sphalerite from the Čumavići polymetallic ore deposit, Podrinje Metallogenic District, East Bosnia and Herzegovina. Ore Geology Reviews 72, 253-268.
  • Kardzhali Oblast (Kurdzhali; Kărdžali; Kurdjali)
    • Momchilgrad Obshtina
      • Sedeftche deposit (Sedefche)
Strashimirov, S., Dobrev, S., Stemenov, S., & Dragiev, H. (2005). Silver-bearing minerals from the ore body “North” in Sedefche epithermal Au-Ag deposit (eastern Rhodopes). Annual of the University of Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski, 48, 143-148.
  • Smolyan Oblast
[MinRec 22 p.439]
  • New Brunswick
    • Gloucester Co.
      • Bathurst Parish
        • Bathurst Mining Camp
Sabina (1966) GSC Paper 66-51, 46-47
    • York Co.
      • Prince William Parish
        • Lake George
[MinRec 1991]; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 18, pp. 329-332 (1980); WILSON, W.E. (1991) The Lake George antimony mine, New Brunswick. Mineralogical Record 22, 263-267.
  • Yukon
    • Whitehorse mining district
      • Wheaton River District
        • Carbon Hill
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Gansu
    • Dingxi
      • Min Co.
Xinhui Liu, Mingshen Feng, Jiajun Liu, Minwu Liu, and Yongwen Zhang (2011): Gold Science and Technology 19(4), 6-12; Xinhui Liu, Caihua Chen, Tianxin Zhao, Keli Zhang, Lizi Chen, and Shuang Liu (2012): Gold Science and Technology 20(4), 7-15
  • Guangxi
    • Hechi
      • Nandan Co.
        • Dachang Sn-polymetallic ore field
Mineral Deposits 4(1), 74
  • Hunan
    • Huaihua
      • Yuanling Co.
Liang, Y. (2015). The mineralization of the Woxi Au-Sb-W deposit, western Hunan, China (Doctoral dissertation, 広島大学 (Hiroshima University)).
  • Shandong
    • Jiaodong Peninsula (Jiaodong Gold Province)
      • Yantai
        • Haiyang Co.
          • Guocheng Au deposit (Tudui-Shawang Au deposit)
Yuanchao Shen, Tiebing Liu, Houmin Liu, Guangming Li, and Futao Liu (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(1), 38-43
  • Sichuan
    • Garzê Autonomous Prefecture (Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Baiyu Co.
Shihui Yang, Yueying Lin, and Yi Wang (1996): Acta Mineralogica Sinica [Kuangwu Xuebao] 16(3), 304-306
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Cantal
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Drôme
      • Aubres
Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
    • Haute-Loire
      • Brioude
        • Paulhac
P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
      • La Chaise-Dieu
        • Saint-Pal-de-Senouire
P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
      • Langeac
        • Marsanges
P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
      • Lubilhac
J.J. Périchaud : "Les Gisements Métalliques du District à Antimoine de Brioude-Massiac (Massif Central Français)", BRGM, 1968
      • Mercoeur
see 'Chazelles, Haute-Loire' entry
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Anzat-le-Luguet
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
E. Marcoux, Y. Moëlo, P. Picot und J.-C. Baubron (1988): Évolution minéralogique et isotopique (Pb) du filon sulfuré complexe des Borderies (Massif central français) — Implications métallogéniques. Mineralium Deposita 23, 58-70.
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Cape Sizun
        • Plogoff
          • Pointe du Raz
Y. Moëlo, Y. Fouquet, C. Laforêt, L. Chauris, Bull. Minéral., 1978, 101, pp. 363-367, France.
      • Ergué-Gabéric
Chauris, L. (2014): Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 81.
      • Quimper
Chauris, L. (2014): Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 81.
      • Sein Island
Chauris, L. (2014): Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 81.
    • Morbihan
      • Guiscriff
Chauris, L. (2014): Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 81.
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Fecht valley (Munster valley)
        • Stosswihr
J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Palairac
Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J.(2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 179-180.
    • Hérault
      • Ceilhes-et-Rocozels
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
      • Lodève
[Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 1998, 2, p.13-26]
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • La Motte-en-Champsaur
        • Riou Beyrou
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, P.A. Poulain : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 5, Hautes- Alpes ", BRGM, 1972; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
      • Orpierre
Moëlo, Y., Picot, Pierrot, R. (1975): L'indice à sulfoantimoniures de plomb des Cougnasses (commune d'Orpierre, Hautes Alpes). Partie I : minéralogie du minerai. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie 98, 299-307.; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Haslach
        • Steinach
[Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald]
        • Welschensteinach
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • Hausach
        • Adlersbach valley
No reference listed
      • Münstertal
        • St Trudpert
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Sulzburg
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Ortenaukreis
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Frohnbach valley
No reference listed
    • Wiesloch
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Arnsberg
        • Uentrop
Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
Lapis, 14 (6), 11-32+50.
      • Meschede
        • Bestwig
          • Nuttlar
Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Siegerland
      • Hilchenbach
        • Müsen
Reinhardt, M. (2010): Die Mineralien der Grube Wildermann bei Müsen im Siegerland. Lapis 35 (11), 13-28; 54 (in German)
      • Siegen
        • Eiserfeld
          • Kohlenbach Valley
Henrich, M. (2009): Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 14-27.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Ahrweiler
      • Altenahr
        • Ahrbrück
          • Martinsknipp
Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
    • Altenkirchen
      • Kirchen
        • Niederfischbach
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    • Donnersbergkreis
      • Rockenhausen
        • Katzenbach
Müller, G. (2013): Mineralien des Saarlandes und angrenzender Gebiete.
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Mayen
        • St Johann
Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
    • Neuwied
      • Raubach
Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Stolberg
P Haas collection; Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
Gröbner, J., W. Hajek, R. Junker & J. Nikoleizig (2011). Neue Mineralienschätze des Harzes. S.89-97. Papierflieger-Verlag, Clausthal-Zellerfeld.
        • Wolfsberg
[Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Plaka
            • Plaka Mines
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
  • Fejér
    • Velencei Mts
collectors: Sándor Klaj, László Tóth, WDS: Norbert Zajzon, XRD: Ferenc Kristály
  • Pest
    • Börzsöny Mts
Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
  • Nagaland
    • Phek District
G. K. Kesar (2011) Geology And Mineral Resources Of Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland And Tripura. Geological Survey Of India Miscelleaneous Publication No. 30 Part IV, Vol 1(Part-2)
  • West Azerbaijan
    • Takab (Takan Tepe)
Asadi, H.H., Voncken, J.H.L, Kühnel, R.A., and Hale, M. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 656-671.
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
Orlandi P. (2011): Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana 2010. Micro, 1/2011, 39-42.
  • Tuscany
    • Siena Province
      • Chiusdino
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (1), 1.
  • Batken
[Lapis 11:11-24]
  • Osh
    • Alai Range (Alay Range)
[Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
  • Diekirch District
    • Wiltz
      • Goesdorf commune
        • Goesdorf
Bakker, R. and Kolitsch, U. (2010): Die Antimon-Grube von Goesdorf in Luxemburg: das weltweit dritte Vorkommen von Brandholzit. Lapis 35 (6), 30; 43-45; 70. (in German); Simon Philippo analysis (to be published); Filella, M., Philippo, S., Belzile, N., Chen, Y., & Quentel, F. (2009). Natural attenuation processes applying to antimony: a study in the abandoned antimony mine in Goesdorf, Luxembourg. Science of the Total Environment, 407(24), 6205-6216.
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Aquiles Serdán
Peter Megaw
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Canatlán
      • Tejamén (Mejamen)
  • Lower Silesia
    • Jawor District
      • Bolków commune
        • Radzimowice (Stara Góra)
          • Stara Góra deposit
1. R. Siuda, 2001 : New sulphate minerals from the Stara Góra oxidised zone, Radzimowice, Kaczawskie Mts., Mineralogical Society of Poland, Special Papers, vol 18, 186-188
    • Ząbkowice Slaskie District
      • Bardo commune
Nejbert, K., Siuda, R., Matyszczak, W., Borzęcki, R. (2014): Mineralogic and textural relationships among Pb-Sb sulphosalts from the Dębowina mine, Bardzkie Mountains, Sudetes. Mineralogia Special Papers: 42: 83
  • Maramureș
    • Baia Mare (Nagybánya)
      • Chiuzbaia (Kisbánya)
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Tur'insk-Auerbakovsk ore field
      • Turya river
        • Tur'insk
Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.; Vikentyev, I. V., & Vikentyeva, O. V. (2015). Precious metal minerals and “invisible” gold in sulfide ores of Urals. In Mater. of ХII Int. Sci. Conf.“Advanced Technologies, Equipment and Analytical Systems for Materials and Nano-Materials (Vol. 3, pp. 33-41).
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Chitinskaya Oblast
      • Vershino-Darasunskiy
        • Darasun mine (Darasun Au deposit)
Krivitskaya, N. N., Bryzgalov, I. A., & Spiridonov, E. M. (2008, June). Jonassonite AuBi 5 S 4: The first find in Transbaikalia. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 420, No. 1, pp. 576-579). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
  • Podrinje District
Slobodan A. Radosavljević, Jovica N. Stojanović, Ana S. Radosavljević-Mihajlović, Vladan D. Kašić (2013): Polymetallic mineralization of the Boranja orefield, Podrinje Metallogenic District, Serbia: zonality, mineral associations and genetic features. Periodico di Mineralogia, 82, 61-87.; Radosavljević, S. A., Stojanović, J. N., Pačevski, A. M., Radosavljević-Mihajlović, A. S., & Kašić, V. D. (2016). A review of Pb-Sb (As)-S, Cu (Ag)-Fe (Zn)-Sb (As)-S, Ag (Pb)-Bi (Sb)-S and Pb-Bi-S (Te) sulfosalt systems from the Boranja orefield, West Serbia. Geološki Anali Balkanskog Poluostrva, 2016(77), 1-12.
      • Krupanj
Moelo, Yves; Borodaev, Youri S.; Mozgova, Nadja N. (1983): The twinnite-zinckenite-plagionite association from the antimony-lead-zinc deposit, Rujevac (Yugoslavia). Bull. Minéral. 106, 505-510.; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Slobodan A. Radosavljević, Jovica N. Stojanović, Aleksandar M. Pačevski, Hg-bearing sphalerite from the Rujevac polymetallic ore deposit, Podrinje Metallogenic District, Serbia: Compositional variations and zoning, Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry, Volume 72, Issue 3, September 2012, Pages 237-244, ISSN 0009-2819, 10.1016/j.chemer.2011.12.003.
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Poltár Co.
Maťo,Ľ., Maťová, 1994: Mineralizácia v okolí Ozdína, výskyt zlata s obsahom Sb-Ni v tmavých bridliciach, JZ časti veporského kryštalinika (stredné Slovensko). Min.Slovaca, 26,1,30 – 37
    • Revúca Co.
      • Chyžné
Bálintová T., Števko M., Ozdín D., 2006: Sulphosalts of lillianite homologous series from Chyžné occurrence (Slovakia). Miner. Polonica-Special Papers, vol. 28. p.19- 21
    • Žiar nad Hronom Co.
Števko M., Sejkora J., Dolníček Z., Škácha P. (2018): Selenium-Rich Ag–Au Mineralization at the Kremnica Au–Ag Epithermal Deposit, Slovak Republic. Minerals 8, 12, 572.
  • Košice Region
    • Košice Co.
      • Opátka (Kehrseifen)
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
Duda et. all.,1981:Minerály severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovca,Monografia 2,Bratislava, 98 p
  • Žilina Region
    • Liptovský Mikuláš Co.
Chovan, M., Majzlan, J., Ragan, M., Siman, P., Krištín, J. (1998): Pb-Sb and Pb-Sb-Bi sulfosalts and associated sulphides from Dúbrava antimony deposit, Nízké Tatry Mts. Acta Geologica Universitatis Comenianae, 53, 37-49.
Smirnov, A., Pršek, J., & Chovan, M. (2007). Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Nižná Boca Sb-Au Hydrothermal Ore Deposit (Western Carpathians, Slovakia). Mineralogia, 38(1), 71-94.
  • Castile and Leon
    • León
      • Crémenes
Crespo, J. L., Moro, M. C., Fadón, O., Cabrera, R., & Fernández, A. (2000). The Salamón gold deposit (León, Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration,71(2), 191-208.
  • Sughd
Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • St Endellion
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 48 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
  • Wales
    • Conwy
      • Deganwy
BMS Database; R. E. Bevins (1988) Sixth Supplementary List of British Isles Minerals (Welsh). Mineralogical Magazine 52:121-124; Bevins, R.E., Alderton, D.H.M. & Horak, J.M. (1988): Lead-antimony mineralization at Bwlch Mine, Deganwy, Wales. Mineralogical Magazine, 52, 391-394.
    • Powys
      • Old Radnor
        • Wethel
Cotterell TF et al (2011) The mineralogy of Dolyhir quarry, Old Radnor. Powys, Wales. UKJMM 32:5-61
  • Donetsk Oblast
[World of Stones 12:20]
  • Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Hot Creek Range
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Virginia
    • Rockbridge Co.
      • Glasgow
Rocks & Min.: 60:157.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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