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About PlaneriteHide

Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
white, pale green, pale blue
Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Waxy, Dull
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Member of:
Named by Hans Rudoph Hermann in 1862 in honor of Dimitrii Ivanovich Planer (Дмитрия Ивановича Планера) (1821-1882), mineralogist and former Director, Gumeshevsk copper mines, Polevskoi, Russia, who discovered the species some distance east of those mines.

Classification of PlaneriteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4= 2:1

9 : (AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O

19 : Phosphates
2 : Phosphates of Cu

Physical Properties of PlaneriteHide

Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Waxy, Dull
Transparent, Translucent
white, pale green, pale blue
greenish white, white
None Observed
Cleavage may exist by analogy with other members of the group
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
2.68 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.71 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of PlaneriteHide

r < v weak

Chemical Properties of PlaneriteHide

Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
IMA Formula:
Al6(PO4)2(PO3OH)2(OH)8 · 4H2O

Crystallography of PlaneriteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.704 Å, b = 10.109 Å, c = 7.390 Å
α = 110.84°, β = 115.07°, γ = 70.76°
a:b:c = 0.762 : 1 : 0.731
Unit Cell V:
476.22 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Found as minute crusts or in botryoidal masses

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
6.82 (90)
6.20 (20)
4.73 (20?)
3.75 (100)
3.70 (30)
3.29 (10)
3.09 (20)
2.55 (10)
IMMA 102 (1986)

Type Occurrence of PlaneriteHide

Other Language Names for PlaneriteHide


Varieties of PlaneriteHide

Relationship of Planerite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Aheylite(Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
ChalcosideriteCuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Faustite9 photos of Planerite associated with Faustite on mindat.org.
Turquoise7 photos of Planerite associated with Turquoise on mindat.org.
Wavellite3 photos of Planerite associated with Wavellite on mindat.org.
Psilomelane2 photos of Planerite associated with Psilomelane on mindat.org.
Zapatalite1 photo of Planerite associated with Zapatalite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.DD.05ChenevixiteCu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.DD.05LuetheiteCu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.DD.10Akrochordite(Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DD.10GuanacoiteCu2Mg3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DD.15Aheylite(Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DD.15ChalcosideriteCuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DD.15Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DD.15TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DD.15AfmiteAl3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH) · H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DD.20ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mm2 : Ccc2
8.DD.20EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
8.DD.20Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1 1 : P1,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1 · H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.2.1LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
19.2.2CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
19.2.3ReichenbachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m
19.2.4LudjibaiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
19.2.5PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.2.6NissoniteCu2Mg2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 5H2OMon.
19.2.7ZapataliteCu3Al4(PO4)3(OH)9 · 4H2OTet.
19.2.8TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.2.9SieleckiiteCu3Al4(PO4)2(OH)12 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
19.2.13ChalcosideriteCuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.2.14Phosphofibrite(H2O,K)3.5Fe8(PO4)6(OH)7 · 5H2OMon. 2/m

Fluorescence of PlaneriteHide

Not fluorescent

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PlaneriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hermann (1862) Soc. nat. Moscou, Bull.: 35 [2]: 240.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 762.
Foord, E.E., Taggart, J.E. (1998) A reexamination of the turquoise group; the mineral aheylite, planerite (redefined), turquoise and coeruleolactite. Mineralogical Magazine: 62: 93-111.
Pekov, I.V. (1998) Minerals First Discovered on the Territory of the Former Soviet Union: 166-167.

Internet Links for PlaneriteHide

Localities for PlaneriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Victoria
    • Mansfield Shire
      • Mansfield
W.D.Birch & D.A.Henry 1993. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp 67-77
    • Rural City of Wangaratta
      • Whitfield
W. D. Birch and D. A. Henry in Phosphate Minerals of Victoria, p.83-90.
    • South Gippsland Shire
      • Hoddle Range
        • Fish Creek
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection; Birch, W. D. & Henry, D. A. (1993) Phosphate minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3, pp. 79-81
  • Cibitoke Province
Vik Vanrusselt collection (ex-Francis Coune specimen)
Czech Republic
  • Liberec Region
    • Semily District
      • Jilemnice
research sample of E. E. Foord
DR Congo
  • Sud-Kivu
    • Mwenga
Mills, S. J., Birch, W. D., Kampf, A. R. & van Wambeke, L. (2010) Kobokoboite, Al6(PO4)4(OH)6•11H2O, a new mineral from the Kobokobo pegmatite, Democratic Republic of the Congo. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(2)
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • Lubilhac
C. Vialaron : La mine d'antimoine de Daü,127p, Le-Puy-en-Velay (1999)
  • Hesse
    • Lahn-Dill
      • Wetzlar
        • Weilburg
          • Essershausen
Blaß, G. (2002): Eine neue Phosphatmineralien-Paragenese von der Grube Mark bei Essershausen, mittleres Lahngebiet, Taunus. Mineralien-Welt, 13 (6), 18-43. (in German)
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Meschede
        • Bestwig
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
  • Heves
    • Mátra Mts
      • Parádfürdő
collector: András Varga, XRD: Ferenc Kristály, WDS: Norbert Zajzon
  • Co. Limerick
    • Ardagh
Moreton, S. & Green, D.I. (2005) J. Russ. Soc., 8(2), p.78-80.
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Sarrabus-Gerrei
        • Sarrabus
          • San Vito
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Brizzi, G. (1993) Sarrabus. Miniere e Minerali. Associazione Mineralogica Sarda, Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo, Associazione Piemontese Mineralogia Paleontologia e Mostra Torinese Minerali, Centro Mineralogico Varesino, Amici Mineralogisti Fiorentini, Gruppo Mineralogico Paleontologico Piacentino, et al., Stige Milano Srl, Milano, 208 pp.
  • Kochi
    • Kochi City
      • Toyoda
Matsubara, S. et al (1988) Ganseki-Koubutsu-Koshogaku Zasshi, 83, 141-149.
New Zealand
  • North Island
    • Northland Region
      • Kaipara District
        • Arapohue
Olivine nodules from Tokatoka, Northland. Black and Brothers, NZJGG, 8(1) 1965.
  • Beja
    • Barrancos
      • Barrancos
Pedro Alves collection
  • Évora
    • Vila Viçosa
      • Conceição
  • Viana do Castelo
    • Caminha
      • Vilar de Mouros
Pedro Alves collection. Characterized by p-XRD
  • Vila Real
    • Ribeira de Pena
      • Cerva
Pedro Alves collection
  • Suceava
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Chebarkulsky District
      • Zauralovo
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Verkhoyansk
      • Yana River Basin
        • Yana-Adycha Region
          • Arga-Ynnakh-Khaya granite Massif
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Sysert' District
      • Polevskoi (Polevskoi Zavod)
Pekov (1998) Minerals First Discovered on the Territory of the former Soviet Union
    • Verkhnyaya Sysert'
      • Chernaya River
Pekov (1998) Minerals First Discovered on the Territory of the former Soviet Union
South Africa
  • Western Cape
    • Cape Town
      • Hout Bay
ID by Raman spectra (B. Cairncross personal communication, Sept 2012)
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Baix Llobregat
        • Gavà
          • Bruguers
Bareche, E (2005) "Els minerals de Catalunya. Segle XX" Ed. Grup Mineralògic Català, Barcelona, 269 p.
  • Galicia
    • Pontevedra
      • Tomiño
Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.
  • Centre Region
    • Pagala prospect
Wolfgang Hampel, August 2014 (XRD analysis)
  • Alabama
    • Clay Co.
Barwood,H.L (1997) Occurrence of turquoise group minerals in the eastern United States. Mineralogical Record 28 (1):53
  • Arizona
    • Pima Co.
      • Ajo District
        • Little Ajo Mts
          • Ajo
Thomas, W.J. & R.B. Gibbs (1983), Famous mineral localities: The New Cornelia mine, Ajo, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 283-298.
Gaines, R., Skinner, H., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, and King, V., 1997, Dana's New Mineralogy, Wiley, New York
  • Arkansas
    • Garland Co.
      • Avant
Mineralogical Magazine, February 1998, Vol. 62(1), pp. 93-111
      • Hot Springs
Arthur E. Smith (2008) Mineral News, 24, #8, 8.
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Mauldin Mt.
        • Mauldin Mountain Quarries
Rocks & Min.: 63:112.
Martins da Pedra collection
      • North Mountain
Rocks & Min.: 63:113; 64:294; Sick (1984).
    • Polk Co.
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125
      • Gilham
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125
        • Porter Mountain
Rocks & Min.: 63:120.
      • Shady
Rocks & Min.:64:297-298.
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125
  • Colorado
    • Teller Co.
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Portland
        • Collins Hill
          • Strickland pegmatite (Strickland-Cramer Quarry; Strickland-Cramer Mine; Strickland-Cramer Feldspar-Mica Quarries)
Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
  • Georgia
    • Polk Co.
      • Cedartown
Barwood, H.L. 1997. Occurrence of turquoise group minerals in the eastern United States. FM-TGMS-MSA Symposium on copper and copper minerals. February 15, Tucson, AZ. In: Mineralogical Record 28(1):53
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Carlin District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • East Whiteland Township
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 1068; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 961. Foord, E.E. & Taggart, J.E. (1998): A reexamination of the turquoise group; the mineral aheylite, planerite (redefined), turquoise and coeruleolactite. Mineralogical Magazine, 62, 93-111.
    • Snyder Co.
      • Perry Township
        • Mount Pleasant Mills
          • Lime Ridge
K. Cabaniss & L.E. Kearns (2011) The 38th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 14-17, 2011, lecture abstracts, page 13.
  • Virginia
    • Rockbridge Co.
      • Lyndhurst-Vesuvius District
Gaines, R., Skinner, H., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, and King, V., 1997, Dana's New Mineralogy, Wiley, New York.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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