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Platinum

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About PlatinumHide

Formula:
Pt
Colour:
Steel grey to dark grey
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
4 - 4½
Specific Gravity:
14 - 19
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
From Spanish "platina", diminutive of "plata", silver. The new metal found in large placer deposits during the sixteenth-century Spanish conquest of South America was called "platina del Pinto" after the Rio Pinto, Columbia.
Palladium-Platinum Series.

Note that true native platinum in the mineralogical species sense is a rather rare mineral, and most of the specimens so labelled are in fact isoferroplatinum or intimate mixtures of isoferroplatinum and tetraferroplatinum.


Classification of PlatinumHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
1.AF.10

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
F : Platinum group elements
Dana 7th ed.:
1.2.1.1
1.2.1.1

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
2 : Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
1.82

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Physical Properties of PlatinumHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Steel grey to dark grey
Streak:
Steel grey to dark grey
Hardness:
4 - 4½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN100=279 - 339 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Tenacity:
Malleable
Fracture:
Hackly
Density:
14 - 19 g/cm3 (Measured)    21.472 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of PlatinumHide

Type:
Isotropic
Colour in reflected light:
white

Chemical Properties of PlatinumHide

Formula:
Pt
Common Impurities:
Fe,Ir,Os,Rh,Pd,Au,Cu

Crystallography of PlatinumHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Fm3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.9231 Å
Unit Cell V:
60.38 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Twinning:
On {111}
Comment:
Cubic crystals

Type Occurrence of PlatinumHide

Synonyms of PlatinumHide

Other Language Names for PlatinumHide

Albanian:Platini
Armenian:Պլատին
Basque:Platino
Belarusian:Плаціна
Bosnian:Platina
Bulgarian:Платина
Catalan:Platí
Corsican:Platinu
Croatian:Platina
Czech:Platina
Danish:Platin
Dutch:Platina
Esperanto:Plateno
Estonian:Plaatina
Farsi/Persian:پلاتین
Finnish:Platina
French:Platine
Friulian:Platin
Galician:Platino
Haitian:Platin
Hungarian:Platina
Icelandic:Platína
Indonesian:Platina
Interlingua:Platino
Italian:Platino
Korean:백금
Kurdish (Latin Script):Platîn
Latin:Platinum
Latvian:Platīns
Lithuanian:Platina
Lojban:jinmrplati
Low Saxon/Low German:Platin
Luxembourgish:Platin
Macedonian:Платина
Norwegian:Platina
Norwegian (Nynorsk):Platina
Occitan:Platin
Polish:Platyna
Portuguese:Platina
Quechua:Qullqiya
Romanian:Platină
Serbo-Croatian:Platina
Sicilian:Plàtinu
Simplified Chinese:自然铂
Slovak:Platina
Slovenian:Platina
Spanish:Platino
Swahili:Platini
Swedish:Platina
Tajik (Cyrillic Script):Платина
Traditional Chinese:自然白金
Turkish:Platin
Ukrainian:Платина
Vietnamese:Bạch kim
Welsh:Platinwm

Varieties of PlatinumHide

AvaiteAn Platinum-Iridium alloy with a Pt:Ir ratio of about 2:1.
Originally reported from Kani, Chindwin river, Innwa (Ava; Ratanapura), Mandalay Division, Myanmar (Burma).
Ferroan PlatinumDisordered Fe-Pt alloys with a primitive cubic unit cell. It may to contain Fe in the range 10-50 at.%. Ferroan platinum differs from Isoferroplatinum and Tetraferroplatinum by the symmetry of its unit cell.
Palladian PlatinumA variety of usually iron-free Platinum enriched with Palladium up to 20 and more mas.%.
PolyxeneDisordered Fe-Pt alloys with a primitive cubic unit cell. It may to contain Fe in the range 10-50 at.%. Ferroan platinum differs from Isoferroplatinum and Tetraferroplatinum by the symmetry of its unit cell.
Described by Hausman in 1813 from Colombia.
Rhodic FerroplatinumRh-bearing Ferroan Platinum. It may contain 2-28 mass% of Rh along with 5-12 mass% Fe.
Rhodic PlatinumA rhodian Platinum with 4.6% Rh.

Relationship of Platinum to other SpeciesHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Gold9 photos of Platinum associated with Gold on mindat.org.
Osmium3 photos of Platinum associated with Osmium on mindat.org.
Cherepanovite1 photo of Platinum associated with Cherepanovite on mindat.org.
Cooperite1 photo of Platinum associated with Cooperite on mindat.org.
Palladium1 photo of Platinum associated with Palladium on mindat.org.
Potarite1 photo of Platinum associated with Potarite on mindat.org.
Iridium1 photo of Platinum associated with Iridium on mindat.org.
Quartz1 photo of Platinum associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Garnet Group1 photo of Platinum associated with Garnet Group on mindat.org.
Zircon1 photo of Platinum associated with Zircon on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.AF.05Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.AF.05Rutheniridosmine(Ir,Os,Ru)Hex.
1.AF.05Ruthenium(Ru,Ir)Hex.
1.AF.10Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)Iso.
1.AF.10Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.AF.10Rhodium(Rh,Pt)Iso.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

1.2.1.2Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)Iso.
1.2.1.3Rhodium(Rh,Pt)Iso.
1.2.1.4Palladium(Pd,Pt)

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

1.1CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.2SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.5GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.6AuricuprideCu3AuOrth.
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCuTet.
1.8ZincZnHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.9CadmiumCdHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2Iso.
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZnIso.
1.12MercuryHgTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6Iso.
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2Iso.
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9Hex.
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2Orth.
1.18LuanheiteAg3HgHex.
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.20IndiumInTet.
1.21AluminiumAlIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2Tet.
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)AlOrth.
1.24DiamondCIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.25GraphiteCHex. 6mm : P63mc
1.26ChaoiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
1.27LonsdaleiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.28SiliconSi
1.29TinSnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
1.30LeadPbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.31AnyuiiteAuPb2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mcm
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
1.33ArsenicAsTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.34ArsenolampriteAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
1.35PaxiteCuAs2Mon.
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2Hex.
1.37DomeykiteCu3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10Mon.
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7 Iso.
1.41AntimonySbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.42StibarsenAsSbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3AsMon. 2 : B2
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)Hex.
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
1.48DyscrasiteAg3SbOrth. mm2 : Pmm2
1.49BismuthBiTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.50MaldoniteAu2BiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.51SulphurS8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
1.52RosickýiteSMon. 2/m : P2/b
1.53SeleniumSeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.54TelluriumTeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.55ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.56RheniumReHex.
1.57IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.60WairauiteCoFe
1.61NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)Iso.
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.64TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.65AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.67PotaritePdHgTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.68PaolovitePd2SnOrth.
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2Hex.
1.70CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.71Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3SnOrth.
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
1.74ZvyagintsevitePd3PbIso.
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2Hex.
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)Iso.
1.83HongshiitePtCuTrig.
1.84NiggliitePtSnHex.
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3FeIso.
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFeTet.
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFeTet.
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNiTet.
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)Iso.

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Non-magnetic to distinctly magnetic when rich in iron.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
Catalysts, jewelry

References for PlatinumHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 106-109.
Schneiderhöhn (1958) 315.
Cabri, L.J. and Feather, C.E. (1975) Platinum-iron alloys; a nomenclature based on a study of natural and synthetic alloys. The Canadian Mineralogist: 13: 117-126.
Harris, D.C. and Cabri, L.J. (1991) Nomenclature of platinum-group-element alloys; review and revision. The Canadian Mineralogist: 29: 231-237.
Fleet, M.E., De Almeida, C.M., and Angeli, N. (2002) Botryoidal platinum, palladium and potarite from the Bom Sucesso stream, Minas Gerais, Brazil: compositional zoning and origin. The Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 341-355.
Bindi, L., Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., and Angeli, N. (2013) The solid solution between platinum and palladium in nature. Mineralogical Magazine 77, 269-274.
Reith, F., Zammit, C.M., Shar, S.S., Etschmann, B., Bottrill, R., Southam, G., Ta, C., Kilburn, M., Oberthür, T., Ball, A.S., and Brugger, J. (2016) Biological role in the transformation of platinum-group mineral grains. Nature Geoscience, DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2679.

Internet Links for PlatinumHide

Localities for PlatinumHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Chubut
    • Languiñeo Department
Angelelli, V., Brodtkorb, M.K.de, Gordillo, C.E. y Gay,H.D., 1983. Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Subsecretaría de Minería. Publicación Especial. 528 pp. Buenos Aires
Angelelli, V., Brodtkorb, M.K.de, Gordillo, C.E. y Gay,H.D., 1983. Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Subsecretaría de Minería. Publicación Especial. 528 pp. Buenos Aires
  • Tierra del Fuego
    • Río Grande department
Brodtkorb, Milka K. de (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Tomo I. (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
Brodtkorb, Milka K. de (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Tomo I. (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Buller Co.
      • Wilsons Downfall
R.E. Brown, H.F. Henley and W.J. Stroud: Warwick–Tweed Heads Exploration Data Package Vol. 2, Mineral occurrence data sheets, occurrence lists and mineral occurrence maps, December, 2001. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales (GS2001/087).
    • Camden Co.
      • Gerroa
G.A. Albertson Data
    • Clarke Co.
Dana's System of Mineralogy, 7th ed., Vol. 1, 127.
Carlo Tortorella
Dana's System of Mineralogy, 7th ed., Vol. 1, 127.
    • Cunningham Co.
      • Fifield district
Krister (krister_w@hotmail.com).
Bowman, H.N., Richardson, S.J., and Dolanski, J., Narromine 1:250000 Metallogenic Study Map SI-55-3 Mine Data Sheets and Metallogenic Study. Published by Geological Survey of N.S.W (1979).
    • Kennedy Co.
      • Fifield
Narromine 1:250 000 Mine Data Sheets
Bowman, H.N., Richardson, S.J., and Dolanski, J. (1979) Narromine 1:250000 Metallogenic Study Map SI-55-3 Mine Data Sheets and Metallogenic Study. Geological Survey of N.S.W.
Narromine 1:250 000 Mine Data Sheets
Bowman, H.N., Richardson, S.J., and Dolanski, J., Narromine 1:250000 Metallogenic Study Map SI-55-3 Mine Data Sheets and Metallogenic Study. Published by Geological Survey of N.S.W (1979).
George William Card (1902) Handbook to the Mining and Geological Museum, Sydney; Webb, K. (2014). The age and tectonometallogenic setting of the Fifield “Alaskan-type” intrusive suite, Lachlan Orogen, NSW. NSW., Bachelor of Science (Honours), School of Earth & Environmental Sciences, University of Wollongong.
    • Richmond Co.
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map, Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud.
      • Evans Head
[var: Ferroan Platinum] G. A. Albertson Data
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map, Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud.
    • Rous Co.
[var: Ferroan Platinum] G. A. Albertson Data
Carlo Tortorella
Carlo Tortorella
    • Roxburgh Co.
      • Turondale
Stevens, B.P.J. (1972) Mine Data Sheets to accompany Metallogenic Map Bathurst 1:250,000 Sheet, Department of Mines, Geological Survey of New South Wales.
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
No reference listed
Stevens B.P.J., Barnes R.G., Raphael N.M., Burton, G.R. (2003) Metallogenic Studies of the Broken Hill and Euriowie Blocks New South Wales. Mineral Deposits of the Northern Broken Hill Block, Geological Survey of N.S.W. Bulletin No. 32(5).
G. A. Albertson Data
      • Northern Broken Hill Block
Northern Broken Hill Block
  • Northern Territory
    • West Arnhem Region
      • South Alligator River
Carlo Tortorella; G. A. Albertson Data; Mernagh, T. P., Heinrich, C. A., Leckie, J. F., Carville, D. P., Gilbert, D. J., Valenta, R. K., & Wyborn, L. A. I. (1994). Chemistry of low-temperature hydrothermal gold, platinum, and palladium (+ or-uranium) mineralization at Coronation Hill, Northern Territory, Australia. Economic Geology, 89(5), 1053-1073.; Cuzens, H. (2010) The Genesis and Spatial Distribution of Platinum-Group Elements in the Coronation Hill Deposit, Northern Territory, Australia. University of Western Australia.
Crohn, P.W. (1968): The Mines and Mineral Deposits of the Katherine-Darwin Region, Dept of National Development (1968):Bulletin 82/ Reszatt, T.N., Balding. G., Fawcett M.: Remediation of Small Scale Uranium Mining Activities in the South Alligator River Valley Kakadu National Park
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan district
        • North Dundas
G. A. Albertson Data
G. A. Albertson Data
  • Western Australia
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Ora Banda Goldfield
Butt, C.R.M., Robertson, I.D.M. (2003), Ora Banda Sill Platinum Prospect, CRC LEME, 2003
    • Roebourne Shire
      • Karratha
Barnes, S. J., 1993 Partitioning of the Platinum Group Elements and Gold Between Silicate and Sulphide Magmas in the Munni Munni Complex, Western Australia Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 57, p. 1277 - 1290
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Kreuzeck group
      • Oberdrauburg
        • Zwickenberg
          • Fundkofel
Pichler (2009)
  • Styria
    • Graz
      • Unterpremstätten-Zettling
        • Unterpremstätten
Bojar, H.-P., Grosse, R. & Urban, H. (2015): Platin Nuggets aus den Schottergruben bei Unterpremstätten im Grazer Feld. Der Steirische Mineralog 29, 51.
    • Leoben
      • St Stefan ob Leoben
Melcher+Mali (1998)
Brazil
 
  • Goiás
    • Cavalcante
Menez, J.; Botelho, N. F. (2017): Ore characterization and textural relationships among gold, selenides, platinum-group minerals and uraninite at the granite-related Buraco do Ouro gold mine, Cavalcante, Central Brazil. Mineralogical Magazine 81, 463-476.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Fortaleza de Minas
Marchetto (1990) Econ Geol 85:921-927
    • Itabira
Kwitko, R., Cabral, A. R., Lehmann, B., Laflamme, J. G., Cabri, L. J., Criddle, A. J., & Galbiatti, H. F. (2002). Hongshiite, PtCu, from itabirite-hosted Au–Pd–Pt mineralization (jacutinga), Itabira district, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 711-723.
    • Serro (Serro Frio; Cerrado Frio)
Min.Rec.: 23: 471-474; Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 341-355.
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Curionópolis
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 40, pp. 1451-1463
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
Bulgaria
 
  • Blagoevgrad Oblast
Цинцов, З. (1998). Състав, разпространение и транспорт на минералите на елементите от групата на платината в алувиалните седименти на Благоевградския грабен. Сп. БГД, 59(2), 59-65.
  • Burgas Oblast (Bourgas Oblast)
    • Kameno Obshtina
Atanasov, A. V. (1990). Vasilite,(Pd, Cu) 16 (S, Te) 7, a new mineral species from Novoseltsi, Bulgaria. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 687-689.
  • Kardzhali Oblast (Kurdzhali; Kărdžali; Kurdjali)
    • Ardino Obshtina
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Kunov, A., Tsintsov, Z., Banushev, B., Кунов, А., Здравко, Ц., & Бануш, Б. Listwaenite type wall-rock alterations in Bulgaria–peculiarities and gold ore perspectives Лиственитов тип околорудни изменения в България–особености и златорудна перспектива.
    • Kirkovo Obshtina
I. Kostov, V. Breskovska, J. Mincheva-Stefanova, G. Kirov (1964): Minerals of Bulgaria. Sofia, Bulgaria, 540 pp. (in Bulgarian).
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Cariboo Mining Division
      • Likely
BC Government Mining Report - 1918
      • Quesnel River area
Harris D C, Cabri L J (1973) The nomenclature of the natural alloys of osmium, iridium and ruthenium based on new compositional data of alloys from world-wide occurrences. The Canadian Mineralogist 12, 104-112
    • Lillooet Mining Division
      • Fraser River
R. M. Thompson (1954) Mineral occurrences in Western Canada. American Mineralogist 39:525-528
    • Similkameen Mining Division
      • Princeton
        • Similkameen River
http://cgi.ebay.com.au/PLATINUM-1-gram-30-sm-NUGGET-s-15-5grains-P-536_W0QQitemZ320187807249QQihZ011QQcategoryZ3360QQssPageNameZWDVWQQrdZ1QQcmdZViewItem
      • Similkameen River
Canadian Mineralogist , 1973, 12, pp.21-25.
      • Tulameen River
www.cannonmicroprobe.com/Mineral_Specimens.htm ; Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
Canadian Mineralogist , 1973, 12, pp.21-25.; Canadian Mineralogist (1975): 13: 117-126; Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.; USGS Professional Paper 630
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Newfoundland
      • Bay of Islands
Edwards, S.J. (1990) Hartzburgites and refractory melts in the Lewis Hills Massif, Bay of Islands ophiolite complex: the base-metals and precious-metals story. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 537-552.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Victoria Co.
Nova Scotia Mineral Occurrence Database and the primary references therein.
  • Ontario
    • Nipissing District
Moorhouse W. W. (1942) The Northeastern Portion of The Timagami Lake Area, Fifty - First Annual Report Of The Ontario Department Of Mines, ARV 51, Pt. 6, Pg 24.
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Coldwell complex
Mcdonald, A.M., Cabri, L.J., Stanley, C.J., Good, D.J., Redpath, J., Lane, G., Spratt, J. & Ames, D.E. (2015) Coldwellite, Pd3Ag2S, a new mineral species from the Marathon deposit, Coldwell complex, Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 53, 1-13.
  • Québec
    • Chaudière-Appalaches
      • Robert-Cliche RCM
        • Beauceville
J.J. O'Neill and H.C. Gunning, Platinum and Allied Metal Deposits of Canada, Canada Department of Mines, 1934. (Pg. 55)
Traill, R. J. (1980) Catalog of Canadian Minerals: Revised 1980. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 80-18.
Traill, R. J. (1980) Catalog of Canadian Minerals: Revised 1980. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 80-18.
  • Yukon
    • Whitehorse mining district
      • Kluane District
Yana Fedortchouk, William LeBarge, Andrei Y. Barkov, Luca Fedele, Robert J. Bodnar, and Robert F. Martin (2010) Platinum-group minerals from a placer deposit in Burwash Creek, Kluane area, Yukon Territory, Canada. The Canadian Mineralogist (June 2010), 48(3):583-596
Barkov, A.Y., Laflamme, J.H.G., Cabri, L.J., and Martin, R.F. (2002) Platinum-group minerals from the Wellgreen Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, Yukon, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 651-669.
China
 
  • Gansu Province
    • Jinchang Prefecture
      • Jinchuan District
Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Economic Geology (1992) 87, 1475-1495; Gang Chai, Naldrett, A.J., Rucklidge, J.C., and Kilius, L.R. (1993): Canadian Mineralogist 31, 19-30; Wenfeng Zhu and Youbin Liang (2000): Geology and Prospecting 36(1), 26-28
  • Hebei Province
    • Chengde Prefecture
      • Chengde Co.
        • Gaositai
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Bilun Luo (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(3), 11-15; Zuxiang Au (1995): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 15(1), 1-4; Zuxiang Yu (1997): Acta Geologica Sinica 71(4), 486-490
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Zuxiang Yu (1995): Acta Geologica Sinica 69(3), 215-220; Zuxiang Yu (1997): Acta Geologica Sinica 71(4), 486-490
      • Fengning Co.
        • Boluonuo
Keqiao Chen, Huifang Yang, Letian Ma, and Zhizhong Peng (1981): Dizhi Pinglun 27, 107-115
      • Luan River valley (Luanhe valley)
Yu Zuxiang (1985): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 5(1), 6-9
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Yu Zuxiang (1998): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 18(2), 134-137
      • Luanping Co.
        • Tiema-Habaqin complex
Yu Zuxiang, Lin Shujen, Chao Pao, Fang Chingsung, and Huang Chishun (1974): Acta Geologica Sinica 48(2), 202-218
      • Xinglong Co.
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Yu Zuxiang (1981): Geological Review 27, 55-71.
      • Yan Mts (Yanshan Mts)
Yu, Z., Cheng, F., Ma, H. (2009): Lisiguangite, CuPtBiS3, a new platinum-group mineral from the Yanshan Mountains, Hebei, China. Acta Geologica Sinica, 83, 238-244.
    • Tangshan Prefecture
      • Zunhua Co.
        • Malan river valley
Yu Zuxiang, Lin Shujen, Chao Pao, Fang Chingsung, and Huang Chishun (1974): Acta Geologica Sinica 48(2), 202-218; Yu Zuxiang (1981): Geological Review 27, 55-71.
  • Henan Province
    • Nanyang Prefecture
      • Tongbai Co.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3 (1997)
  • Hunan Province
    • Huaihua Prefecture
      • Yuanling Co.
        • Yuan river placers (Yuanjiang placers)
Chen Lichang, Tang Cuiqing, Zhang Jianhong, and Liu Zhenyun (1994): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 13(3), 232-238
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Hohhot League (Huhehaote Prefecture)
      • Wuchuan Co.
Chen Keqiao, Yang Huifang, Ma Letian, and Peng Zhizhong (1981): Dizhi Lunping [Geological Review] 27(2), 108-115.
  • Sichuan Province
    • Garzê Autonomous Prefecture (Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Danba Co.
        • Yangliuping Cu-Ni-PGE ore field
Xiaoqiang Hu, Yunquan Li, and Dequan Shuai (2001): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 21(1), 14-18
    • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Huili Co.
Yao, Y., and Viljoen, M.J. (2003): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2003, A560
    • Panzhihua Prefecture
      • Eastern District
      • Miyi Co.
    • Ya'an Prefecture
      • Shimian Co.
Yao, Y., and Viljoen, M.J. (2003): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2003, A560
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Ruoqiang Co. (Qakilik Co.; Chaqiliq Co.)
Guofan Liu, Guangbin Zhu, Jinduo Chen, Zhenjun Yang, and Shuang Qin (2005): Geology and Resources 14(1), 28-32
    • Changji Autonomous Prefecture (Sanji Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Manasi Co. (Manas Co.)
Jianxun Bai (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(12), 24-27
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
Minqing Cheng, Yuchun Yang, Fuyi Jia, Qingshan Yang, Guifang Zhao, Cunchang Wang, and Sen Huang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 35-39
  • Yunnan
    • Dali Autonomous Prefecture
      • Midu Co.
Min Liu (2002): Multipurpose Utilization of Mineral Resources 10(5), 28-32; Huanbin Song, Mingqin He, Shangzhong Zhang, and Fenghuang Yi (2008): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 27, 104-108
    • Pu'er Prefecture
      • Mojiang Co.
[var: Avaite] Yuan Li (1998): Geology and Prospecting 34(5), 28-32
Colombia (TL)
 
  • Chocó Department
    • Mun. de Novita
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 15, pp.59-69 (1977); Mitchell, G. E. (1923). Platinum. Scientific American, 128(6), 368-369.
    • Mun. de Riosucio
USGS Professional Paper 630
Czech Republic
 
  • Hradec Králové Region
    • Nová Paka (Neupaka)
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Malec J, Bohmová V.: Minerály Pt-kovù na ložisku pyropu u obce Vestřev v Podkrkonoší. Zprávy o geologických výzkumech v roce 2011, Mineralogie, petrologie a geochemie, 185-188.
  • Liberec Region
    • Jablonec nad Nisou
      • Jílové u Držkova
Mineralogy and geology prospecting, ČGO
Democratic Republic of the Congo
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Kambove District
      • Shinkolobwe
[MinRec 20:276]
    • Kolwezi District
      • Mutoshi (Ruwe)
www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/CAP.pdf.
  • Nord-Kivu
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Jedwab, J., Cervelle, B., Gouet, G., Hubaut, X., & Piret, P. (1992). The new platinum selenide luberoite Pt5Se4 from the Lubero region (Kivu Province, Zaire). European journal of mineralogy, 4(4), 683-692.
East Timor
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Atlas of Mineral Resources of the ESCAP Region, Volume 17 Geology and Mineral Resources of Timor-Leste, UNITED NATIONS, New York, 2003
Ecuador
 
  • Esmeraldas Province
Weiser, T. and Schmidt-Thome, M. (1993) Platinum-group minerals from the Santiago river, Esmeraldas province, Ecuador. Canadian Mineralogist, 31, 61-73.
Ethiopia
 
  • Afar Region
    • Danakil depression
      • Erta Ale Volcano
Zelenski, M. E., Fischer, T. P., de Moor, J. M., Marty, B., Zimmermann, L., Ayalew, D., ... & Karandashev, V. K. (2013). Trace elements in the gas emissions from the Erta Ale volcano, Afar, Ethiopia. Chemical Geology, 357, 95-116.
  • Oromia Region (Oromiya Region)
    • Gimbi
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1278-1285
[var: Polyxene] Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2014)
Finland
 
Törroos Ragnar, Johanson Bo, Kojonen Kar, 1998. Alluvial nuggets of platinum group minerals and alloys from Finnish Lapland. Geological survey of Finland, Special Paper; Törnroos, Ragnar, Johanson, Bo, Kojonen, Kari 1998. Alluvial nuggets of Platinum-group minerals and alloys from Finnish Lapland. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 26
    • Inari
      • Lemmenjoki
Kari Kojonen (2012) PGE ore potential in the southwestern granulite belt of Northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 207 pp 64-67
Tuisku, Pekka 2010. Heavy minerals from gold sluicing in Lapland Gold Rush area and their bearing on the origin of gold bearing tills. Res Terrae, Ser A, N:o 31. Proceedings of the Nordic Mineralogical Network V annual Meeting.
    • Sodankylä
Gervilla, F., Kojonen, K. and Merkle, R.K.W., 2005. Platinum-group minerals in the Proterozoic Keivitsa mafic-ultramafic intrusion, Sodankylä, northern Finland. Extended Abstract, 10th International Platinum Symposium, Abstract volume
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Ain
      • Lescheroux
Lorand, J.-P., Ducluzaux, B., & Pont, S. (2018). Une nouvelle découverte de pépites de minéraux du groupe du platine (platine, osmium, iridium) en France : les cailloutis et alluvions de la Reyssouze (Ain). Le Règne Minéral 143, 5-16.
  • Brittany
    • Morbihan
Lacroix, A. (1910): Minéralogie de la France et de ses colonies, Librairie Polytechnique, Ch. Béranger Editeur, Tome II, 428.
Les minéraux, leurs gisements, leurs associations par P. Bariand, F. Cesbron et J. Geffroy (1977), Editions minéraux et Fossiles, BRGM
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Straubing
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Morphogenetic studies of PGM grains in alluvial-fluvial placer deposits from the Bayerischer Wald, SE Germany: hollingworthite and ferroan platinum, Harald G.Dill, Berthold Weber, Gustav Steyer.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Siegerland
      • Olpe
Dr Yohachiro Okamoto collection (curated at the Geological Museum of the Geological Survey of Japan, specimen M7138 #528A.
Guinea
 
  • Bafing river
Pavel Kartashov.
Honduras
 
  • Olancho Department
Bersani, D., Salvioli-Mariani, E., Mattioli, M., Menichetti, M., & Lottici, P. P. (2009). Raman and micro-thermometric investigation of the fluid inclusions in quartz in a gold-rich formation from Lepaguare mining district (Honduras, Central America). Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 73(3), 443-449.
Mattioli, M., Menichetti, M., Renzulli, A., Toscani, L., Salvioli-Mariani, E., Suarez, P., & Murroni, A. (2014). Genesis of the hydrothermal gold deposits in the Canan area, Lepaguare District, Honduras. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 103(3), 901-928.
Indonesia
 
  • Kalimantan (Borneo)
    • South Kalimantan Province
      • Banjar
Hattori, K. H., Cabri, L. J., Johanson, B., & Zientek, M. L. (2004). Origin of placer laurite from Borneo: Se and As contents, and S isotopic compositions. Mineralogical Magazine, 68(2), 353-368.; Coggon, J. (2010). Application of the 190Pt-186Os isotope decay system to dating platinum-group minerals (Doctoral dissertation, Durham University).
Stumpfl, E. F., & Tarkian, M. (1974). Vincentite, a new palladium mineral from south-east Borneo. Mineral Mag, 39, 525-527.; Tarkian, M., Klaska, K. H., & Stumpfl, E. F. (2002). New data on vincentite. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 457-461.
http://www.nalanda.nitc.ac.in/resources/english/etext-project/travel/borneo/chapter4.html
Ireland
 
  • Co. Wicklow
    • Croghan Kinshela Mountain
Henwood, W.J. (1871) Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634.; Doughty, P.S., Clark, A.M. and Jones, G. C. (1982) Irish Naturalists J. 20, 490-491.; Ryback, G., Nawaz, R. and Farley, E. (1988) Seventh Supplementary List of British Isles Minerals (Irish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 52, n° 365, pp. 267-274.
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Different Municipalities
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Sarrabus-Gerrei
        • Sarrabus
          • Muravera
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Kamikawa Province
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Urashima, Y., & Wakabayashi, T. (1972). Mineral compositions of placer platinum from Teshio in Hokkaido, Japan(Quantitative analysis and identification of chemical properties of minerals in Japanese placer platinoids). Kagoshima Daigaku Rika Hokoku,(Kagoshima), (21), 119-135.
    • Sorachi Province
      • Yubari District
Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
Madagascar
 
  • Fianarantsoa Province
    • Atsimo-Atsinanana Region
      • Vondrozo District
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
  • Toamasina Province (Tamatave)
    • Alaotra-Mangoro Region
      • Anosibe An'ala District
        • Tratramarina Commune
Behier, J. (1963): Carte minéralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
    • Atsinanana Region
      • Antanambao Manampotsy District
        • Antanambao-Manampotsy area
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Mexico
 
  • Puebla
Zaccarini, F.; Proenza, J. A.; Ortega-Gutierrez, F. and Garuti, G. (2005).- Platinum group minerals in ophiolitic chromitites from Tehuitzingo (Acatlan complex, southern Mexico): implications for post-magmatic modification. Mineralogy and Petrology, 84. 147-168.
  • Yucatán
2009 Portland GSA Annual Meeting (18-21 October 2009) Paper No. 26-11
Mongolia
 
  • Uvs Aimag
Robin Grayson & Baatar Tumenbayar (2005) The role of placer mining companies in the State-sponsored gold rush in Mongolia. World Placer Journal volume 5 : December 2005
Myanmar
 
  • Sagaing Region (Sagaing Division)
    • Yinmabin District
      • Kani Township
[var: Avaite] [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
  • Shan State
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
New Zealand
 
  • North Island
    • Waikato Region
      • Thames-Coromandel District
Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
www.med.govt.nz/crown_minerals/minerals/docs/comreports/report05_pgm.pdf.
  • South Island
    • Southland Region
      • Southland District
OREPUKI SHALE AND MINERALS Otago Daily Times , Issue 14960, 10 October 1910, Page 2
    • Tasman Region
      • Cobb Valley
www.med.govt.nz/crown_minerals/minerals/docs/comreports/report05_pgm.pdf.
      • Collingwood
www.med.govt.nz/crown_minerals/minerals/docs/comreports/report05_pgm.pdf.
      • St. Arnaud
www.med.govt.nz/crown_minerals/minerals/docs/comreports/report05_pgm.pdf.
    • West Coast Region
      • Westland District
Farquharson, R.A. (1910) Art. XLII.—The Platinum Gravels of Orepuki. Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand, Vol. 43, 448-482.
Niger
 
  • Tillabéry Department
    • Makalondi
Machens, E. (1964): Mission de prospection générale du Liptako. Rapport de fin de mission 1958-1964 et inventaire des indices de minéralisation.- BRGM, rapport NIA 64 A6.
Norway
 
  • Finnmark
    • Karasjok
Dahll, T. (1891): Om fjeldbygningen i Finnmarken og guldets forekomst sammesteds. I. Det nordlige Norges geologi. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 4, 1-21; Reusch, H. (1903): Fra det indre af Finmarken. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. Aarbog for 1903. 36, II, 1-64.
Bjørlykke, H. (1966): De alluviale gullforekomster i indre Finnmark. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 236, 66p [p.47-50]; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 9.
  • Trøndelag
    • Leka
Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (1998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49; Econ Geol (1993) 88:782-803
Pacific Ocean
 
Astakhova, N. V. (2008, October). Noble, rare-earth, and nonferrous metals in ferromanganese crusts from submarine volcanoes of the Sea of Japan. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 422, No. 1, pp. 1161-1166). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Papua New Guinea
 
  • Enga Province
Mineralogy and Petrology 68:159-176 (2000).
  • Milne Bay Province
    • D'Entrecasteaux Islands
Davies, H.L. Normanby Island, T.P.N.G. - Reconnaissance Geology, Records 1967/50.
http://www.minport.com/showmrds-M046884.html
  • Northern Province (Oro Province)
[var: Ferroan Platinum] [AmMin 85:1325]
Philippines
 
  • Luzon
    • Central Luzon Region
      • Zambales Province
        • Santa Cruz
South-East Asian Oil, Gas, Coal, and Mineral Deposits, C. Hutchison,1996
  • Mindanao
    • Southern Mindanao Region
      • Davao del Sur Province
Shaofeng Huang (2011): Geology and Exploration 47(5), 935-942
  • Visayas
    • Eastern Visayas Region
      • Samar Island
Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., & Weiser, T. W. (2017). Detrital Platinum-Group Minerals and Gold In Placers of Southeastern Samar Island, Philippines. The Canadian Mineralogist, 55(1), 45-62.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia
    • Ząbkowice Slaskie District
      • Ząbkowice (Frankenstein)
Sachanbiński et al. 2000: Heavy minerals in the serpentinite weathering cover of the Szklary massif. Geologia Sudetica, vol. 33, pp. 131-141.
Portugal
 
  • Bragança District
    • Bragança
      • Carrazedo
LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 248Cr
LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 249Cr
      • Castrelos
LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 74Cr
      • Gostei
LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 250Cr
      • Samil
LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 259Cr
LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 257Cr
LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 307Cr
LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 256Cr
    • Vinhais
      • Vila Boa de Ousilhão
LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 245Cr
      • Vila Verde
LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 73Cr
LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 73Cr
Romania
 
  • Alba Co.
    • Pianu Commune
Udubaşa G., Pop D., Costea C. (2004) Native platinum at Pianu, Sebeş County, Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits 81:192-194
Russia
 
  • Amur Oblast
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Mel’nikov, A. V., Moiseenko, V. G., Stepanov, V. A., & Yusupov, D. V. (2012, January). New data on platinum-metal mineralization of mafic-ultramafic massifs in the Dambuki ore district (Far East, Russia). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 442, No. 1, pp. 13-16). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
  • Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
    • Kolyma area
      • Bol'shoi Anyui River Basin
        • Baimka River
          • Aluchinskii Massif (Aluchin horst)
[AmMin 85:1325]; Gornostayev, S.S., Crocket, J.H., Mochalov, A.G., and Lajoki, K.V.O. (1999) The platinum-group minerals of the Baimka placer deposits, Aluchin horst, Russian Far East. Canadian Mineralogist: 37: 1117-1129.
    • Pekul'ney Range (Pekul'nei Range)
      • Northern Pekul'ney River (Northern Pekul'nei River; Northern Pekul'neyveem River)
Rudashevskiy, N.S., Mochalov, A.G., Trubkin, N.V., Shumskaya, N.I., Shkurskiy, V.I., Evstigneeva, T.L. [Рудашевский Н.С, Мочалов А.Г., Трубкин Н.В., Шумская Н.И., Шкурский В.И., Евстигнеева Т.Л.] (1985) Cherepanovite, RhAs, a new mineral [Черепановит RhAs-новый минерал]. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva [Записки ВМО], 114, 4, 464-468 (in Russian); Pekov, I.V. (1998) Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Ocean Picture, Moscow, 369 pp.
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Bodaibo
      • Lena Gold District
        • Kropotkinsky ore cluster
Keren Tan (1998): Gold Science and Technology 6(4), 29-37; Distler, V.V., Yudovskaya, M.A., Razvozhaeva, E.A., et al. (2003): Geochimiya 393(4), 524-527; Distler, V. V., Mitrofanov, G. L., Yudovskaya, M. A., Lishnevsky, E. N., & Prokof’ev, V. Y. (2005). Deep structure and ore-forming processes of the Sukhoi Log gold-platinum deposit, Russia. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 921-923). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
  • Kamchatka Krai
    • Koryak Upland (Koriak; Koriakskhiye)
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
Tolstykh, N., Sidorov, E., & Kozlov, A. (2009). Platinum-group Minerals from the Olkhovaya–1 Placers Related to the Karaginsky Ophiolite Complex, Kamchatskiy Mys Peninsula, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 47(5), 1057-1074.
[Canadian Mineralogist 38 p1251-1264 "The association of platinum-group minerals in placers of the Pustaya River, Kamchatka, Russia"]
No reference listed
  • Khabarovsk Krai
    • Ayan-Maya district
      • Aldan shield
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Cabri, L.J., Laflamme, H.H. Giles, (1997), Platinum Group Minerals from the Konder Massif, Russian Far East, Min Rec. 28, 97-106
www.cosis.net/abstracts/EAE03/14099/EAE03-A-14099.pdf.
    • Maimecha and Kotui Rivers Basin
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Malitch K.N., Badanina I.Yu., Goncharov M.M., Lopatin G.G. (2001) Platinum-group minerals (PGMs) of the Bor-Uryakh massif (Maimecha-Kotui Province). Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.; Badanina, I. Y., & Malitch, K. N. (2011). Origin of platinum-group mineral (PGM) nuggets from the Bor-Uryakh massif (Maimecha-Kotui Province, Russia): evidence from mineral composition. Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 13, EGU2011-7934
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
(2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p320; Spiridonov, E. M., E. A. Kulagov, A. A. Serova, I. M. Kulikova, N. N. Korotaeva, E. V. Sereda, I. N. Tushentsova, S. N. Belyakov, and N. N. Zhukov. "Genetic Pd, Pt, Au, Ag, and Rh mineralogy in Noril’sk sulfide ores." Geology of Ore Deposits 57, no. 5 (2015): 402-432.
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Khanka Lake
V.V. Seredin data
Shcheka G.G., Vrzhosek A.A., Lehmann B., Tolstykh N.D. (2004) Associations of platinum-group minerals from the Zolotaya gold placiers, Primorye, Russian Far East, - Canadian Mineralogist, v.42, pp. 583-599.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Lake Onega
Grokhovskaya, T. L., Lapina, M. I., Ganin, V. A., & Grinevich, N. G. (2005). PGE mineralization in the Burakovsk Layered Complex, Southern Karelia, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 47(4), 283.
Grishaenko, M. V. P., & Federation, R. (2007). Independent Report on the Shalozerskoe (Burakovsky), Lukkulaisvaara and Tsipringa Platinum, Palladium, Copper, Nickel Deposits in the Autonomous Republic of Karelia Russian Federation
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Aldan Shield
      • Aldan
Okrugin, A. V. (1998). Mineralogy, Types, and Origin of the Platinum-Bearing Placer Deposits of the Siberian Platform. International geology review, 40(8), 677-687.
A.Ya. Kochetkov (2006) Mesozoic Gold-Bearing Ore-Magmatic Systems Of Central Aldan. Russian Geology and Geophysics 47:850-864
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Shcheka, G.G., Solianik, A.N., Lehmann, B., Bieniok, A., Amthauer, G., Topa, D., Laflamme, J.H.G. (2004): Euhedral crystals of ferroan platinum, cooperite and mertieite-II from alluvial sediments of the Darya river, Aldan Shield, Russia.Mineralogical Magazine 68 (6): 871-885.
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Sakhalin Oblast
    • Kuril Islands (Kurile Islands)
      • Iturup Island
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Self-aggregation of platinum group mineral phases and their genetic significance
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Isovsky District
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Generalov M.E., Naumov V.A., Mokhov A.V., Trubkin N.V. (1998) Isovite (Cr,Fe)23C6 - a new mineral from the gold-platinum -bearing placiers of the Urals, - Zapiski VMO, 127(5), pp. 26-37 (in Russian).
    • Ivdel'
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017
    • Nizhnii Tagil
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, 2018
Mineralogy of Ural. Native elements, carbides, sulphides. - edited by N.P. Yushkin, Sverdlovsk, 1990, p. 23 (in Rus.)
[MinRec 11:59]
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Bashkortostan Republic (Bashkiria Republic)
        • Uchaly
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2018
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast
        • Verkhnii Ufalei
          • Ufaley District (Ufalei District)
Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2003): Lithology and Mineral Resources 38(5), 403-415.
Sierra Leone
 
  • Western Area
Economic Geology (1986) 81:1278-1285.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
Ďuďa R.,Kotuľak P., Káňa R., 1993: Bergbau und Mineralien von Banská Štiavnica (Schemnitz), Slowakei. Emser Hefte, 14, 3, 1-70, Haltern
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
[var: Ferroan Platinum] www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
      • Burgersfort
        • Sekhukhuneland
Minerals of South Africa
Mining Annual Review(1985):413.
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
www.fc.up.pt/geo/ecrofi/377.PDF.; McDonald, I., Vaughan, D. J., & Tredoux, M. (1995). Platinum mineralization in quartz veins near Naboomspruit, central Transvaal. S. Afr. J. Geol, 98, 168-175.; McDonald, I., Ohnenstetter, D., Rowe, J. P., Tredoux, M., Pattrick, R. A. D., & Vaughan, D. J. (1999). Platinum precipitation in the Waterberg deposit, Naboomspruit, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology, 102, 184-191.; Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Fusswinkel, T., van den Kerkhof, A. M., & Sosa, G. M. (2018). The hydrothermal Waterberg platinum deposit, Mookgophong (Naboomspruit), South Africa. Part 1: Geochemistry and ore mineralogy. Mineralogical Magazine, 82(3), 725-749.
      • Waterberg District
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
Ramdohr, Paul, 1969, The Ore Minerals and their Intergrowths, Pergamon Press, p. 414.
http://www.angloplatinum.com/pdf/mogalakwena_resettlement_update_november_2009.pdf
Wilson, W. E. (2010): Sperrylite from the Tweefontein Farm, Limpopo Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record. 41, 147-155
        • Thabazimbi
Platinum mine
    • Eastern Bushveld Complex
      • Merensky Reef
Minerals of South Africa
    • Sekhukhune District
[var: Ferroan Platinum] McCall, M. J. (2016). Mineralogical and geochemical variations in the UG2 reef at Booysendal and Zondereinde mines, with implications for beneficiation of PGM (Doctoral dissertation, Stellenbosch: Stellenbosch University).
http://www.angloplatinum.com/business/operations/mototolo_mine.asp
http://www.angloamerican.com/about-us/where-we-operate#/operations/iron-copper-nickel-platinum
  • Mpumalanga Province
[var: Ferroan Platinum] www.cosis.net/abstracts/EAE03/11407/EAE03-A-11407.pdf.
      • Lydenburg
Minerals of South Africa
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Cabri, L. J., Laflamme, J. G., & Stewart, J. M. (1977). Platinum-group minerals from Onverwacht; II, Platarsite, a new sulfarsenide of platinum. The Canadian Mineralogist, 15(3), 385-388.
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
        • Brits (Brits District)
          • Mooinooi
http://www.sylvaniaplatinum.com/im/files/documents/slv_AR2013.pdf
[MinRec 18:193]; Ballhaus, C., & Sylvester, P. (2000). Noble metal enrichment processes in the Merensky Reef, Bushveld Complex. Journal of Petrology, 41(4), 545-561.
http://www.platmin.com/our-assets/pilansberg
http://www.platmin.com/our-assets/pilansberg
http://www.platmin.com/our-assets/pilansberg
http://www.platmin.com/our-assets/pilansberg
        • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
          • Boschfontein Farm
http://www.dmr.gov.za/publications/summary/121-directories/763-d1-operating-mines-information-2014.html
          • Frischgewaagd Farm
http://www.wesizwe.com/projects-key-facts-about-the-bakubung-platinum-mine.php
http://www.implats.co.za/implats/Impala-platinum.asp
          • Klipgat Farm
http://www.dmr.gov.za/publications/summary/121-directories/763-d1-operating-mines-information-2014.html
http://www2.nbm.co.za/icc/aquariusplatinum/kroondal.htm
          • Marikana
https://www.lonmin.com/downloads/media_centre/news/press/2014/Q2%202014%20Production%20Report%20-%2009052014%20-%20FINAL.pdf
http://www2.nbm.co.za/icc/aquariusplatinum/marikanafull.htm
          • Paardekraal Farm
http://www.dmr.gov.za/publications/summary/121-directories/763-d1-operating-mines-information-2014.html
http://www.dmr.gov.za/publications/summary/121-directories/763-d1-operating-mines-information-2014.html
          • Royal Bafokeng
http://www.dmr.gov.za/publications/summary/121-directories/237-d3-gold-mines-2011.html
          • Rustenburg Town & Townlands Mine
http://www.dmr.gov.za/publications/summary/121-directories/763-d1-operating-mines-information-2014.html
http://www.dmr.gov.za/publications/summary/121-directories/763-d1-operating-mines-information-2014.html
http://www.dmr.gov.za/publications/summary/121-directories/763-d1-operating-mines-information-2014.html
http://www.dmr.gov.za/publications/summary/121-directories/763-d1-operating-mines-information-2014.html
          • Waterkloof Farm
http://www.dmr.gov.za/publications/summary/121-directories/763-d1-operating-mines-information-2014.html
          • Watervaal Farm
http://www.dmr.gov.za/publications/summary/121-directories/763-d1-operating-mines-information-2014.html
    • Dr Ruth Segomotsi Mompati District
      • Vryburg
www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impacts97/pdf/6055.pdf.; Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.; Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
      • Ojén
        • Ojén lherzolite massif
Gervilla Linares F(1990) Mineralizaciones magmáticas ligadas a la evolución de las rocas ultramáficas de la Serranía de Ronda (Málaga-Spain). Thesis Granada University Spain. 189 pages.
      • Ronda Massif
Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Málaga. Edited by Cedma. Malaga County Council 318 pg. 1 map
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Maresme
        • Fogars de la Selva
Joaquim Mollfulleda, Minerales, Omega, 1996
Turkey
 
  • Aegean Region
    • Muğla Province
      • Muğla ophiolite
N. Jb. Mineral. 185 (2009) 323-333
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Landewednack
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 48 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 48 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
  • Scotland
    • Highland
      • Isle of Rum
Power, M.R., Pirrie, D., Andersen, J.C.O., and Butcher, A.R. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 762-775.
Ukraine
 
  • Kirovohrad Oblast (Kirovohrads'ka Oblast)
Gurov, E. P., Shekhunova, S. B., & Permyakov, V. V. (2013) Accessory Minerals from Impact Melt Rocks of the Boltysh Structure, Ukraine. Native Metals and Alloys. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 44, p. 1217).; Gurov, E. P., Shekhunova, S. B., & Permyakov, V. V. (2015). Accessory and opaque minerals in impact melt rocks of the Boltysh structure, Ukraine. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 50(6), 1139-1155.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Bethel Borough
      • Aniak District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
www.cannonmicroprobe.com/Mineral_Specimens.htm
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
Canadian Mineralogist: 22: 543-552.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.; Snetsinger, K.G. (1973): Chromian Aluminian Magnetite and Two Rhodium Alloys in a Platinum Nugget from Goodnews Bay, Alaska. American Mineralogist: 58: 189-194
US Geological Survey, 2005, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Denali Borough
      • Bonnifield District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
USGS OFR 98-287(Freeman,1998)
    • Haines Borough
      • Juneau District
        • Skagway District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Matanuska-Susitna Borough
      • Anchorage District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Willow Creek District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Yentna District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Nome Borough
      • Koyuk District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Port Clarence District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Northwest Arctic Borough
      • Fairhaven District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Southeast Fairbanks Borough
      • Eagle District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Valdez Creek District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Valdez-Cordova Borough
      • Chistochina District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Wade Hampton Borough
      • Marshall District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Yukon-Koyukuk Borough
      • Anvik District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Circle District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Innoko District
US Geological Survey, 2005, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF); Alaska Geological Survey Public-data F i l e 89-20
      • Koyukuk District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Ruby District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Coconino Co.
      • Grand Canyon area
USGS MRDS database file #10038174; Quiring, Heinrich (1962), Platinmetalle i die metallischen Rohstoffe, Band 16, Stuttgart, Ferdinand Enke Verlag: 245; Blake, W.P. (1900), Does platinum occur in Arizona?, Engineering and Mining Jour.: 69(Feb 24): 224.
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Gila River
        • Santo Domingo placers
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 331; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 10.
      • Wickenburg Mts
        • San Domingo District
          • San Domingo Wash
Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 10.
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Bradshaw Mts (Bradshaw Range)
        • Hum Bug District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 331; Guild (1910), The Mineralogy of Arizona, The Chemical Publishing Co., Easton, PA; Univ. of AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 48; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 10.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 331; Guild, F.N. (1910), The Mineralogy of Arizona, The Chemical Publishing Co., Easton, PA; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 10.
  • California
    • Butte Co.
      • Cherokee District
        • Cherokee
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10310601.
      • Feather River
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Clark, Wm. B. (1970a) Gold districts of California: California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 193: 103-104; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 39.
Palache, C., Berman, H. & Frondel, C. (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, 7th. edition, Volume I: 108.
    • Calaveras Co.
      • Camanche District
        • Campo Seco area
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10038063.
        • Wallace
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10038065.
      • East Belt
        • Mokelumne Hill District
          • Mokelumne Hill
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10028717.
      • Jenny Lind District
        • Jenny Lind
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 32-33; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 39.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10028546.
      • Mokelumne River
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10038062.
      • Vallecito District
        • Douglas Flat
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10038060.
    • Del Norte Co.
      • Coastal Range
        • Douglas Park
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 59-60; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 39.
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 60-61; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
      • Crescent City
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 41; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Craigs Creek Mountain
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 61-63; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 61-63; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 41.
        • French Hill
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 58-59, 61-63; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
        • Lower Coon Mountain
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 61-63; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 63; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
        • Signal Peak
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 61-63; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
        • Washington Flat
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 59; Clark, Wm. B. (1970a) Gold districts of California: California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 193: 142-143; Clark, Wm. B. (1970b) Platinum: California Division Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 23(6): 115-122.
      • Smith River
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
    • El Dorado Co.
      • Cool
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 29; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Big Lagoon [town]
        • Big Lagoon
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 41-42; Mertie, J.B. (1969) Economic geology of the platinum metals. USGS Professional Paper 630, 120 pp.: 93-94; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
      • Coastal Range
        • Erner
Pacific Southwest Field Committee (PSFC) (1955), Natural Resources of NW California Geol. Mines Resources: figure 3; USGS MRDS database (2005), loc. file ID #10163720 & 10163720 (see note).
        • Johnsons
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Eureka
        • Humboldt Bay
Richthofen, Ferdinand [Baron von] (1865), Die Metall-Produktion Californiens und der angrenzenden Länden: Petermanns Mitt. Erganzungsband III, Erganzung Heft 14, 58 pp.: 46; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 229.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Hoopa Indian Reservation
          • Pekwuteu
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 63.
        • Somes Bar area
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 67; USGS MRDS database (2005).
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 64; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
          • Orleans (Orleans Bar; New Orleans Bar)
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 65-66; USGS MRDS database (2005).
          • Weitchpec
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 65; USGS MRDS database (2005).
            • Klamath River
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 65, 109; Mertie, J.B. (1969) Economic geology of the platinum metals. USGS Professional Paper 630, 120 pp.: 94; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
Hanks, Henry Garber (1870), Diamonds in California: Mining and Scientific Press: 20: 162; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 169.
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 85; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
          • Willow Creek (China Flat)
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 39 & 44.
      • Moonstone
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 41.
      • Orick District
        • Orick
          • Gold Bluffs
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 41-42; Mertie, J.B. (1969) Economic geology of the platinum metals. USGS Professional Paper 630, 120 pp.: 93-94; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
      • Stone Lagoon
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 41-42; Mertie, J.B. (1969) Economic geology of the platinum metals. USGS Professional Paper 630, 120 pp.: 93-94; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
    • Mariposa Co.
      • East Belt
        • Hite Cove District
          • Peachtree Bar
            • Devil Gulch
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10038010 & 10139747.
Laizure, Clyde McK (1928), Mariposa, Madera Counties: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Mining Bureau (Report 24): 24: 123; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
      • Mother Lode Belt
        • Bagby-Mariposa-Mount Bullion-Whitlock District
          • Whitlock District
            • Whitlock (Farmer's Hope; Whitlock Creek; Whitlock Gulch)
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10236802.
      • West Belt
        • Hayward
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10038011.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10109518.
        • Hornitos District
          • Quartzburg
            • Quartzburg School
Min Mag (1997) 61:367-375
    • Mendocino Co.
      • Coastal Range
        • Anderson Valley
          • Navarro River
Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp.: 310; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 291.
        • Calpella
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 46-47; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
      • Mayacmas Mts (Mayacamas Mts)
        • Oasis
          • McDowell Creek
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 44-47; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
    • Merced Co.
      • Cressey
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41, 43.
      • Snelling District
        • Snelling
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10115844.
          • Merced River
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41, 43.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10116094.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10261218.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10187794.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10139921.
    • Nevada Co.
      • Rough-and-Ready District
        • Rough and Ready
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10109519.
    • Placer Co.
      • Emigrant Gap District (Blue Canyon District)
        • Blue Canyon
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10038015.
        • Texas Hill
Genth, Frederick Augustus (1852), On some minerals which accompany gold in California: Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Proceedings: 6: 113-114; […(abstract): Neues Jahrb.: 68-69 (1855)]: 113; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 392.
      • Grizzly Bear House
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 29-30, 109; Logan, Clarence August (1927), Amador County, Placer County: California Mining Bureau. Report 23: 284; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 43.
      • Lincoln District
        • Lincoln
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10212953.
    • Plumas Co.
      • Middle Fork of Feather River area
        • Little Volcano
Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp.: 310; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 291.
Edman, J.A. (1898), The platinum metals of Plumas County, California: Mining and Scientific Press: 77: 401; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 291, 401; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 43.
    • Sacramento Co.
      • Folsom District
        • Folsom
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15, figure 1; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 43.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10189116.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10103627.
        • Rancho Cordova
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10164685.
      • Michigan Bar District
        • Bridge House
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 30-31, 109; Mertie, J.B. (1969) Economic geology of the platinum metals. USGS Professional Paper 630, 120 pp.: 94; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 43; Clark, Wm. B. (1970b) Platinum: California Division Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 23(6): 115-123.
    • San Joaquin Co.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 39.
        • Dogtown
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15, figure 1; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 43.
    • Santa Barbara Co.
      • Lompoc
Clark, William B., Gold Districts of California : Calif. Div. Mines and Geology Bulletin 193, 1970, p.181
    • Shasta Co.
      • Gas Point
Averill, C.V. (1938), Gold dredging in Shasta, Siskiyou and Trinity counties: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division Mines (Report 34): 34(2): 119-120; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 43.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Harrison Gulch District
          • Platina
Averill, C.V. (1946), Placer mining for gold in California: California State Division of Mines and Geology Bulletin 135, 336 p.: Pl. 4; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10189374.
        • West Shasta Copper - Zinc District
          • Iron Mountain [town]
            • Iron Mountain
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 93; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 43.
      • Redding District
        • Girvan
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10038068; U.S. Bureau of Mines, Western Field Operations Center (WFOC), Minerals Information Listing Service (MILS); (MILS-WFOC) production files.
        • Redding
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15, figure 1; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 43.
    • Siskiyou Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Cottonwood District
          • Henley (Cottonwood)
California Division of Mines Bulletin 105: 188.
        • Dillon Creek District
          • Blue Nose Bluff
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 68.
        • Forks of Salmon
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 66-67, 78-79; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 43.
        • Klamath River District
          • Seiad Valley [town]
Clark, Wm. B. (1970b) Platinum: California Division Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 23(6): 115-122.
        • Offield Mountain
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 77-80; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 43-44.
        • Somes Bar
          • Sugarloaf
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 44.
        • Yoakumville
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 66-67; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 43.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Stanislaus Co.
      • Hughson
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15, figure 1; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 44.
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15, figure 1; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 44.
      • La Grange
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp: 33; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 44.
    • Tehama Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Beegum
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 44.
Clarence August Logan (1919) Platinum and Allied Metals in California. California State Mining Bureau Bulletin 85
        • Burnt Ranch
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10038037.
        • Del Loma
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10165840.
        • Hawkins Bar
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10305179.
        • Hayfork District
          • Grassy Mountain
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 39, 45.
          • Hayfork
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10305135.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 39, 45.
          • Peanut
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 39, 45.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 39, 45; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10109532.
        • Ironside Mountain
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10141429; U.S. Bureau of Mines, Western Field Operations Center (WFOC), Minerals Information Listing Service (MILS), (MILS-WFOC) production files.
        • Junction City District
          • Junction City
Bixby, Maynard (1895), Notable minerals in western mines, I: Mineral Collector: 1: 153-154; Horton, Frederick W. (1912), Iridium in American placer platinum: Engineering & Mining Journal: 94: 873-875; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 229, 291.
            • Red Hill
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10141902 & 60000941.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 291.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 45.
        • Minersville District
          • Estrellita
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10287586.
          • Minersville
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10038047.
        • Salmon Mts
          • New River District
            • Hoboken
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10190635.
            • Virgin Creek Buttes
O’Brien, J.C. (1965) Mines and mineral resources of Trinity County, California. Caifornia Division of Mines and Geology County Report 4: 125 pp.: 94.; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10263018.
          • North Fork District
            • Helena
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10190666; U.S. Bureau of Mines, Western Field Operations Center (WFOC), Minerals Information Listing Service (MILS), (MILS-WFOC) production files.
        • South Fork Trinity River
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 44.
        • Trinity Village
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 39, 44; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10038045.
        • Weaverville District
          • Douglas City
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10190234; U.S. Bureau of Mines, Western Field Operations Center (WFOC), Minerals Information Listing Service (MILS), (MILS-WFOC) production files.
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 45.
          • Weaverville
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 291.
        • Willow Creek District
          • Salyer
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 39, 44.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 39, 44.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 39, 44.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10214608.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10238739.
    • Tuolumne Co.
      • Stanislaus
Genth, Frederick Augustus (1852), On some minerals which accompany gold in California: Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Proceedings: 6: 113; Genth, Frederick Augustus (1852), On a probably new element with iridosmine and platinum from California: Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Proceedings: 6: 209, 247; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 229.
    • Yolo Co.
      • Putah Creek District
        • Winters
Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 50-51; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 45.
    • Yuba Co.
      • Hammonton District (Yuba River District; Yuba Gold Field; Yuba Dredge Field; Yuba Consolidated Gold Fields)
        • Hammonton
[var: Ferroan Platinum] Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 45.
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Chaffee Co.
      • Trout Creek Pass Pegmatite District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Georgetown District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel; U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
    • Hinsdale Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • La Plata Co.
      • La Plata District (California District)
        • La Plata
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Lake Co.
      • Granite District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Park Co.
      • Como District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
      • Mosquito District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Pitkin Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Saguache Co.
      • Liberty District (Music District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
[MinRec 10:359]
    • San Miguel Co.
      • San Juan Mts
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Summit Co.
      • Breckenridge District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Georgia
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences GGWRD Bull 92
    • Lumpkin Co.
      • Dahlonega
        • Auraria
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences GGWRD Bull 92
  • Idaho
    • Adams Co.
      • Meadows District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Bingham Co.
      • Snake River Area
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Blaine Co.
      • Snake River Area
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Boise Co.
      • Idaho City District
        • Illinois Creek Area
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Bonneville Co.
      • Mount Pisgah District
        • Caribou City-Stump Creek Area MLA
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Elmore Co.
      • Red Warrior District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Gem Co.
      • Westview District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Owyhee Co.
      • Rough Mountain District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Maine
    • Franklin Co.
      • Dallas Plantation
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v.1.
  • Maryland
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Potomac
Minerals of the Washington, D.C. Area
      • Rockville
Minerals of Washington D.C. area; L.R. Bernstein
  • Montana
    • Deer Lodge Co.
      • Gold Coin District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Granite Co.
      • South Boulder Creek District (Princeton District)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Ravalli Co.
      • Mineral Point District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Stillwater Co.
      • Nye
Canadian Mineralogist(1974) 12, 399-403; Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Spring Mts
        • Goodsprings District
[Hewett, D (1931) Geology and Ore Depositsof the Goodsprings Quadrangle, Nevada; USGS PP 162]
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
[Hewett, D (1931) Geology and Ore Depositsof the Goodsprings Quadrangle, Nevada; USGS PP 162]
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
[Hewett, D (1931) Geology and Ore Depositsof the Goodsprings Quadrangle, Nevada; USGS PP 162]
  • New York
    • Clinton Co.
Collier, P. (1881) A remarkable platinum nugget. American Journal of Science: 122: 123-124.
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Mohawk Township
John Parnell (1988) Native platinum in pyrobitumen from Fonda, New York. American Mineralogist, 73, 1170-1171.
  • North Carolina
Genth F.A and Kerr,W. C, 1881,Mineral and Mineral Localites of North Carolina, Geological Survey, North Carolina
    • Jackson Co.
      • Webster-Balsam
Edwin H.Bentzen III (1971) Platinum Group Content Of Some Western North Carolina Chromites
Mineral Commodity Files, Asheville Regional Office, North Carolina Geological Survey
Gems and Minerals of America -Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
Mineral Commodity Files, Asheville Regional Office, North Carolina Geological Survey
Mineral Commodity Files, Asheville Regional Office, North Carolina Geological Survey,Genth,F.A.,1891,The Minerals Of North Carolina: USGS Bulletion No.74
Genth,F.A.,1891,The Minerals Of North Carolina:USGS Bulletion No.74
  • Oregon
    • Baker Co.
      • Greenhorn District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Coos Co.
      • Beach Area
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Curry Co.
      • Beach Area
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Sixes River District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Jackson Co.
      • Applegate District
Oregon Metal Mines Handbook, 1943, Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries: Bulletin No. 14-C, Vol. 2, Section 2 - Jackson Co., page 167.
      • Gold Hill District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Josephine Co.
      • Greenback District (Upper Grave Creek District)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Illinois River District
Oregon Metal Mines Handbook, 1952, Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries: Bulletin No. 14-C, Vol. 2, Section 1 - Josephine Co., 2nd Edition, page 142.
      • Josephine Creek District
Oregon Metal Mines Handbook, 1952, Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries: Bulletin No. 14-C, Vol. 2, Section 1 - Josephine Co., 2nd Edition, page 134.
        • Josephine Creek placers
Oregon Metal Mines Handbook, 1952, Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries: Bulletin No. 14-C, Vol. 2, Section 1 - Josephine Co., 2nd Edition, page 123.
      • Lower Grave Creek District
Oregon Metal Mines Handbook, 1952, Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries: Bulletin No. 14-C, Vol. 2, Section 1 - Josephine Co., 2nd Edition, page 25.
      • Sailor Diggings District
Oregon Metal Mines Handbook, 1952, Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries: Bulletin No. 14-C, Vol. 2, Section 1 - Josephine Co., 2nd Edition, page 211.
      • Takilma District
        • Bailey Mine/Waldo Area Placers
Oregon Metal Mines Handbook, 1952, Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries: Bulletin No. 14-C, Vol. 2, Section 1 - Josephine Co., 2nd Edition, page 191.
        • O'Brien
Rocks & Min.: 17:131.
      • Waldo District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology v. 41, no. 3/4.
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
      • Green River Placers
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Garfield Co.
      • Colorado River Placers
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Salt Lake Co.
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Bingham District (West Mountain District)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • San Juan Co.
      • Colorado River Placers
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Uintah Co.
      • Green River Placers
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Vermont
    • Windsor Co.
Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
  • Virginia
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Pittsylvania Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Washington
    • Chelan Co.
      • Blewett District (Peshastin District)
        • Negro Creek District
          • Negro Creek
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
      • Leavenworth District
        • Leavenworth
Ref: Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; Marshall T. Huntting, 1956
      • Mad River
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
    • Clallam Co.
      • Cape Flattery District
        • Makah Bay
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon 1975
        • Ozette
Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; Derkey, Joseph, Lasmanis
        • Sand Point
Ref:Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; Marshall T. Huntting, 1956
      • Cape Johnson
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon 1975
      • La Push
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon 1975
      • Quillayute River
Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; Derkey, Joseph, Lasmanis
    • Grays Harbor Co.
      • Moclips Beach
Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; M. Huntting, 1956
    • Kittitas Co.
      • Cle Elum River
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Okanogan
Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; M. Huntting, 1956
      • Similkameen River
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
    • Skagit Co.
      • Anacortes
Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; M. Huntting, 1956
    • Whatcom Co.
      • Slate Creek District
        • Harts Pass
Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; R. Derkey, N. Joseph, R. Lasmanis, 1990
  • Wisconsin
    • Pierce Co.
      • Rock Elm
        • Nugget Lake County Park
http://wgnhs.uwex.edu/minerals/platinum/
  • Wyoming
    • Albany Co.
Rocks & Minerals 76:382
      • Medicine Bow Mts
Rocks & Minerals 76:382
      • New Rambler District
Econ Geol (1988) 83:492-510
Zimbabwe
 
  • Masvingo
    • Chiredzi mining district (Hartley mining district)
      • Chiredzi
LIU, J., JIN, S. and WANG, Y. (2014), The Occurrence of Useful Components in Platinum-Palladium Deposit in the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe. Acta Geologica Sinica, 88: 1466–1467
Oberthür, T., Weiser, T. W., Gast, L., & Kojonen, K. (2003). Geochemistry and mineralogy of platinum-group elements at Hartley Platinum Mine, Zimbabwe. Mineralium Deposita, 38(3), 327-343.
  • Midlands
    • Gweru District (Gwelo District)
Rocks & Minerals (1955) 30:464-471
The Moon
 
  • Mare Fecunditatis
Gornostaeva T.A., Kartashov P.M., Mokhov A.V., Bogatikov O.A. (2012) Native rhodium-bearing ferroplatinum in the Lunar regolith sample from the Mare Fecundidatis, - Doklady Earth Sciences, 444(2), p. 770-772.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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