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About SenarmontiteHide

Henri H. de Sénarmont
Colourless to gray
Sub-Adamantine, Resinous
2 - 2½
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Named by J.D. Dana in 1851 in honor of Henri Hureau de Sénarmont (6 September 1808, Broué, France – 30 June 1862, Paris, France), Professor of Mineralogy, School of Mines, Paris, who first described the species. De Sénarmont also made significant contributions to the study of polarization and demonstrating the anisotropy of heat diffusion in a crystal.
Isostructural with:
This page provides mineralogical data about Senarmontite.

Classification of SenarmontiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
C : Metal: Oxygen = 2: 3,3: 5, and similar
B : With medium-sized cations

3 : A2X3

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
13 : Oxides of As, Sb and Bi

Physical Properties of SenarmontiteHide

Sub-Adamantine, Resinous
Transparent, Translucent
Colourless to gray
2 - 2½ on Mohs scale
{111} in traces.
5.5 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.584 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of SenarmontiteHide

RI values:
n = 2.087
Isotropic minerals have no birefringence
Surface Relief:
Very High
Strong anomalous anisotropism, sectored or zoned.

Chemical Properties of SenarmontiteHide


Crystallography of SenarmontiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.1519(2) Å
Unit Cell V:
1,386.90 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Octahedral crystals, modified by cube and dodecahedron.
On synthetic material

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
6.44 (12)
3.218 (100)
2.788 (40)
2.559 (11)
1.972 (42)
1.681 (35)
1.279 (12)

Type Occurrence of SenarmontiteHide

Synonyms of SenarmontiteHide

Other Language Names for SenarmontiteHide

Simplified Chinese:方锑矿
Traditional Chinese:方銻礦

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Stibnite21 photos of Senarmontite associated with Stibnite on
Valentinite19 photos of Senarmontite associated with Valentinite on
Kermesite13 photos of Senarmontite associated with Kermesite on
Baryte10 photos of Senarmontite associated with Baryte on
Celestine6 photos of Senarmontite associated with Celestine on
Stibiconite6 photos of Senarmontite associated with Stibiconite on
Tripuhyite6 photos of Senarmontite associated with Tripuhyite on
Chert4 photos of Senarmontite associated with Chert on
Antimony3 photos of Senarmontite associated with Antimony on
Quartz3 photos of Senarmontite associated with Quartz on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.CB.05BrizziiteNaSb5+O3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05CorundumAl2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
4.CB.05Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05GeikieliteMgTiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05HematiteFe2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
4.CB.05IlmeniteFe2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05Unnamed (Auroantimonate)AuSbO3
4.CB.05TistariteTi3+2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
4.CB.10AvicenniteTl2O3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Ia3
4.CB.10BixbyiteMn3+2O3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Ia3
4.CB.15Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.CB.15PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.CB.20Zincohögbomite-2N2S[(Zn,Al,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+,Ti)8O15(OH)]2Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.20Zincohögbomite-2N6S[(Zn,Mg)7(Al,Fe3+,Ti)16O31(OH)]2Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-6N6S[(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-2N2S[(Mg,Fe2+)3[Al7(Ti,Fe3+)]O15(OH)]2Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.20Ferrohögbomite-6N12S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn)5(Al,Ti,Fe3+)12O23(OH)]6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.CB.25KleberiteFeTi6O11(OH)5Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.CB.30OxyvaniteV3+2V4+O5Mon. 2/m : B2/b
4.CB.40RinmaniteZn2Sb2Mg2Fe4O14(OH)2Hex. 6 : P63
4.CB.40IseiteMn2Mo3O8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.40MajindeiteMg2Mo3O8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.45ClaudetiteAs2O3Mon. 2/m
4.CB.45StibioclaudetiteAsSbO3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
4.CB.50ArsenoliteAs2O3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.CB.55ValentiniteSb2O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pccn
4.CB.60BismiteBi2O3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.CB.70SilléniteBi12SiO20Iso. 2 3 : I2 3
4.CB.75KyzylkumiteV3+Ti2O5(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.13.1ArsenoliteAs2O3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.13.2ClaudetiteAs2O3Mon. 2/m
7.13.4ValentiniteSb2O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pccn
7.13.7BahianiteAl5Sb3O14(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
7.13.8Cualstibite-1M(Cu,Al)3(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.13.9BismutostibiconiteBi(Sb5+,Fe3+)2O7Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.13.12BismiteBi2O3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.13.13SilléniteBi12SiO20Iso. 2 3 : I2 3

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SenarmontiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
de Senarmont, H.H. (1851) Note sur l´antimoine oxydé naturel de forme octaédrique. Annales de Chimie et de Physique: 31: 504-507.
Dana, J.D. (1851) Mineralogical Notices. No. III. 1. New species. Octahedral oxyd of antimony. American Journal of Science and Arts: 12: 205-222.
Bozorth, R.M. (1923) The crystal structures of the cubic forms of arsenious and antimonous oxides. Journal of the American Chemical Society: 45: 1621-1627.
Dehlinger, U. (1927) Über die kristallstruktur der antimonoxyde. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 66: 108-119.
Hocart (1934), Bull. soc. min.: 57: 90.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 544-545.
Mason, B., Vitaliano, C.J. (1952) The mineralogy of the antimony oxides and antimonates. Mineralogical Magazine: 30: 100-112.
Welin, E. (1968) Notes on the mineralogy of Sweden 6. X-ray powder data for minerals from Långban and the related mineral deposits of Central Sweden. Arkiv för Mineralogi och Geologi: 4: 499-541.
Beattie, I.R., Livingston, K.M.S., Ozin, G.A., Reynolds, D.J. (1970) Single-crystal Raman spectra of arsenolite (As4O6) and senarmontite (Sb4O6). The gas-phase Raman spectra pf P4O6, P4O10, and As4O6. Journal of the Chemical Society A: Inorganic, Physical, Theoretical: 1970: 449-451.
Svensson, C. (1975) Refinement of the crystal structure of cubic antimony trioxide, Sb2O3. Acta Crystallographica: B31: 2016-2018.
Zav'yalova, A.A., Imamov, R.M. (1975) About the structure of the cubic modification of Sb2O3. Soviet Journal of Coordination Chemistry: 1: 1186-1188.
Whitten, A.E., Dittrich, B., Spackman, M.A., Turner, P., Brown, T.C. (2004) Charge density analysis of two polymorphs of antimony(III) oxide. Dalton Transactions: 2004: 23-29.
Hålenius, U., Hatert, F., Pasero, M., Mills, S.J. (2015) IMA Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification (CNMNC) Newsletter 28. New minerals and nomenclature modifications approved in 2015. Mineralogical Magazine: 79: 1859-1864.

Internet Links for SenarmontiteHide

Localities for SenarmontiteHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
No reference listed
    • Ain Beida
      • Ain Babouche
Acta Crystallographica,B31,2016(1975)
Bernard, J.H. and Hyrsl, J. (2004) Minerals and their Localities.
  • New South Wales
    • Kennedy Co.
      • Condobolin district
        • Mineral Hill field
Adam McKinnon pers comm; ;
    • Raleigh Co.
      • Taylors Arm District
        • Point Lookout Trig Station
Gilligan L.B., Brownlow J.W., Cameron R.G., and Henley H.F.: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour Metallogenic Map (SH/56-10, SH/56-11). Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales (1991).
    • Sandon Co.
      • Hillgrove
Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Gilligan, L.B. and Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour Metallogenic Map (SH/56-10, SH/56-11). Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales (GS 1992/393).
  • Victoria
    • City of Greater Bendigo
Ryan Eagle personal observation 2016
    • Loddon Shire
      • Inglewood
Birch, W. D. (2015) Native antimony from Inglewood, Victoria. Australian Journal of Mineralogy Vol. 17 #2, 88-90.
  • Western Australia
    • Port Hedland Shire
      • Mallina Station
Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 1, p 404
Simpson, Edward S. (1952) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 3 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia p 684.
  • Burgenland
    • Oberwart
      • Stadtschlaining
Huber, S. und Huber, P. (1977): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 8: Oberösterreich, Niederösterreich und Burgenland. C. Weise Verlag, München, 270 pp.; Huber, S. & Huber, P. (1981): Die Mineralien der Antimonitlagerstätte Schlaining, Burgenland. Die Eisenblüte, Jahrg. 2 NF., Nr. 3, 18-22.
C.Auer (2016)
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
        • Mosinzgraben
          • Schottenau
W. Paar, H. Meixner: Carinthia II 170./90.:65-75 (1980)
    • Gailtaler Alpen & Karnische Alpen
      • Lind im Drautal
        • Western Goldeck group
          • Siflitz
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Kreuzeck group
      • Möllbrücke
        • Leßnig
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Pichler (2009)
    • Saualpe
      • Trixen
        • Terpetzen
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Dr Yohachiro Okamoto collection (curated at the Geological Museum, Geological Survey of Japan).
  • New Brunswick
    • York Co.
      • Prince William Parish
        • Lake George
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 18, pp. 329-332 (1980); WILSON, W.E. (1991) The Lake George antimony mine, New Brunswick. Mineralogical Record 22, 263-267.
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • Dome Township
Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
  • Québec
    • Centre-du-Québec
      • Arthabaska RCM
        • Saints-Martyrs-Canadiens
[MinRec 1996]; Econ Geol (1997) 92:308-324
  • Yukon
    • Mayo mining district
Sabina (1992) gsc mr 50, 80-84
Sabina (1992) GSC MP 50, 80-84
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Santa Catalina
        • Guanaco (Huanaco)
Ondruš, P., Veselovský, F, Sejkora, J., Skála, R., Pažout, R., Frýda, J., Gabašová, A., Vajdak, J. (2005): Lemanskiite, NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl•5H2O, a new mineral species from the Abundancia mine, Chile. Can. Mineral. 44, 523-531.
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Baise Prefecture
      • Longlin Co.
Chunlin Yang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(10), 16-21
    • Nanning Prefecture
      • Shanglin Co.
        • Dafeng
Ottens, B. (2006): Lapis 31 (2), 23-34; Ottens, B. (2007): Mineralogical Record 38(1), 3-17.
  • Guizhou Province
    • Qianxi'nan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Qinglong Co.
        • Dachang Sb ore field
Yong Xia, Qihou Zhang, and Huabin Huang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(10), 48-53
  • Hunan Province
    • Huaihua Prefecture
      • Yuanling Co.
Xuexiang Gu, Schulz, O., Vavtar, Fr., Jianming Liu, and Minghua Zheng (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(1), 107-120; Xuexiang Gu, Schulz, O., Vavtar, F., Jianming Liu, Minghua Zheng, and Shaohong Fu (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31(1-4), 319-336
    • Loudi Prefecture
      • Lengshuijiang Co.
Ottens, B. (2007): Mineralogical Record 38(1), 3-17
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
      • Cona Co. (Cuona Co.)
Jianfang Zhang, Youye Zheng, Gangyang Zhang, Shunbao Gao, Xianren Ye, Zhong Zhang, Minyuan Liu, and Jiqiu Li (2010): Earth Science - Journal of China University of Geosciences 35(6), 1000-1010; Yiyun Wang, Juxing Tang, Wenbao Zheng, Bin Lin, Qiufeng Leng, Wei Chen, Shuai Ding, Junlong Song, and Yunfeng Xu (2012): Acta Geoscientica Sinica 33(4), 681-692; Bin Lin, Juxing Tang, Wenbao Zheng, Qiufeng Leng, Yiyun Wang, MinYuan Liu, Huanhuan Yang, Shuai Ding, Lihua Zhang, and Hongzhang Yang (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(5), 899-914
Czech Republic
  • Central Bohemia Region
    • Kutná Hora (Kuttenberg)
No reference listed
    • Příbram
Habermann, V. (1995): Minerál, 3 (2), 121-122; RÜSENBERG, K. A. & PAULIŠ, P. (1996): Umbildungen und Neubildungen in den Schlackehalden der Blei- und Silberhütte von Příbram/ČR. Aufschluss 47, 267-287 (in German).
    • Zruč nad Sázavou (Srutsch an der Sasau)
Pauliš, P.: Několik nových mineralogických nálezů na území České republiky, Minerál, 1993, roč. 1, č. 4, s. 25-26.
  • Olomouc Region
    • Staré Město
Fojt, B., Kopa, D., Skácel, J.: Paragenetická studie výskytů As-Sb asociace ve staroměstských pásmech I. Hynčice pod Sušinou. Časopis Slezského muzea, série A, vědy přírodní, 1977, roč. 26, č. 1, s. 1-20.
  • Greenland
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
          • Kangerluarsuk Fjord (Kangerdluarssuq Fjord)
            • Head of Kangerluarsuk
Karup-Moeller, S., Makovicky, E. (1974): Skinnerite, a new Sulfosalt from the Ilimaussaq Alkaline Intrusion, South Greenland, American Mineralogist, Vol. 59, 889-895; Karup-Møller, S., Makovicky, E. (1974): Skinnerite, a new Sulfosalt from the Ilimaussaq Alkaline Intrusion, South Greenland. American Mineralogist. 59, 889-895
  • Zamora-Chinchipe Province
Hennessey, B.T., Puritch, E.J., Gowans, R.M., Leary, S.F., (2008) A mineral resource estimate for the Fruta Del Norte deposit, Cordillera del Condor Project, Zamora-Chinchipe Province, Ecuador; an NI 43-101 Technical Report prepared for Kinross Gold Corporation by Micon International Limited, 232p.
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
    • Seinäjoki
      • Nurmo
Geological Survey of Finland website
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013), N.I. Mozgova specimen
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Bresnay
J.-J. Périchaud: Les Minéraux d'Auvergne, Vol. 1, Clermont-Ferrand (1985).
    • Haute-Loire
      • Lubilhac
Boisson, J.-M., Leconte, J. (2017) Analyses MNHN-MICROMONTEURS 2015-2016, La revue des Micromonteurs, 21, 2-36
personnal discovery and Patrice Queneau Collection
C. Vialaron : La mine d'antimoine de Daü,127p, Le-Puy-en-Velay (1999)
      • Mercoeur
Patrice Queneau Collection
    • Isère
      • Allemont
Bernardini, G.P., Cipriani, C., Corsini, F., Mazzetti, G., Parrini, P. (1982-1983) Le collezioni del Museo di mineralogia di Firenze: III) arsenico, antimonio, bismuto. Rendiconti della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 38, 177-189.
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Anzat-le-Luguet
Chollet Pascal collection
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Ergué-Gabéric
Chauris, L. (2014): Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 140.
      • Plouvorn
R.PIERROT, L. CHAURIS, C. LAFORET (1973) : "Inventaire minéralogique de la France : 29- Finistère.", B.R.G.M. Paris.
      • Quimper
Pierre Le Roch photo & collection
  • Grand Est
    • Bas-Rhin
      • Villé Valley
Wittern, Journée (1997): "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), pp. 36-37.
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Fecht valley (Munster valley)
        • Stosswihr
FLUCK, P. & STEIN, S. (1992): Espèces minérales des principaux districts miniers du massif vosgien. - Pierres et Terre 35, December 1992, 120 pp.
  • New Caledonia
    • Northern Province
      • Canala Commune
Cassian, P. (?) New Caledonia Geology and Mining. Reasearch School of Earth Scieces. The Australian National University. 58p
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Charente
      • Etagnac
Une ancienne mine d'Antimoine dans le Limousin aurifère ( Georges Hyvert ) Paris Béranger 1906
  • Occitanie
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Oms
Pigetvieux, G. (1981): Etude géologique et métallogénique des Aspres (Pyrénées-Orientales), Thèse Faculté des Sciences Université de Franche-Comté, Besançon, 279 p.
    • Tarn
      • Réalmont
        • Montredon-Labessonnié
Bernadi G. (2004), Quelques nouvelles de Peyrebrune (Tarn), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°86, pp 13-18
  • Pays de la Loire
    • Vendée
      • Le Boupère
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Haslach
        • Steinach
[Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald]
      • St Ulrich
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Sulzburg
Lapis 23(12), 45 (1998)
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Fichtelgebirge
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Meier, S. (1995). Mineralfundstellen im Fichtelgebirge. Eigenverlag, Marktredwitz, 220 p.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Arnsberg
        • Uentrop
Lapis, 14 (6), 11-32+50.
    • Siegerland
      • Hilchenbach
        • Müsen
Reinhardt, M. (2010): Die Mineralien der Grube Wildermann bei Müsen im Siegerland. Lapis 35 (11), 13-28; 54 (in German); Stephan Wolfsried collection
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Ahrweiler
      • Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler
        • Altenahr
Volker Reppke Collection
    • Donnersberg
      • Alsenz-Obermoschel
        • Obermoschel
          • Landsberg (Moschellandsberg)
Lapis 2001(6), 13-40
    • Neuwied
      • Raubach
Lapis,18 (3), 13-23.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Stolberg
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
Gröbner, J., W. Hajek, R. Junker & J. Nikoleizig (2011). Neue Mineralienschätze des Harzes. S.89-97. Papierflieger-Verlag, Clausthal-Zellerfeld.
        • Wolfsberg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Marienberg District
        • Lauta
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Mittelsachsen
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Vogtland
      • Reichenbach
        • Limbach
Tröger, S. (2012): Der Steinbruch Reimersgrün im Sächsischen Vogtland. Lapis 37 (10), 32-39.
  • Thuringia
    • Greiz
      • Neumühle
Rüger, F. (2009): Die Mineralien des Kuhbergbruchs Neumühle in Thüringen. Lapis 34 (6), 25-30; 43-47; 70.
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium; Lavreotiki Municipality)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Plaka
          • Plaka Mines
Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Gyöngyössolymos
      • Mátraszentimre
Acta Min. Petr.: SbO minerals of Hungary, 2000
  • Lombardy
    • Lecco Province
      • Vendrogno
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Sondalo
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
        • Valfurva
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
  • Sardinia
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Arbus
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
      • Arbus and Guspini municipalities
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
      • Gonnosfanadiga
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2°, 192 pp.
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Sarrabus-Gerrei
        • Gerrei
          • Ballao
Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Conti - Vecchi, G., Stara, P., (1991) :Minerali della Sardegna.Della Torre editore.Cagliari, 276 pp.
          • Villasalto
Pelloux, A. (1913) Sulla senarmontite di Su Suergiu (Gerrei) e di Su Leonargiu (Sarrabus) in Sardegna. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, serie 3, 6 (46), 19-21; Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.
        • Sarrabus
          • San Vito
Pelloux, A. (1913) Sulla senarmontite di Su Suergiu (Gerrei) e di Su Leonargiu (Sarrabus) in Sardegna. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, serie 3, 6 (46), 19-21.
  • Trentino-South Tyrol
    • Trento
      • Mocheni Valley
        • Sant'Orsola Terme
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Civitella Paganico
        • Casal di Pari
Brizzi G., Meli R., 1990. La miniera della Selva (Casal di Pari-GR). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 14 (4): 225-239.
Brizzi G., Sabelli C. (1985): Minerali di Poggio Peloso (GR). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 8, 4, (4-1985), 135-143; Montrasio A., Sciesa E, Vignola P. (1997): Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work, Milano, 800 pp.
      • Manciano
        • San Martino sul Fiora
Meli, R. (2000): L'antica miniera antimonifera di S. Martino sul Fiora, Mancianese (Grosseto). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2000, 111-113.
      • Massa Marittima
        • Montoccoli-Castellaccia area (Fosso Zanca-Filone di Montoccoli area; Zanca Valley mines)
Bazzoni C., Mangoni G., Capperi M., Bernocchi M. (2011): Montoccoli-Castellaccia: I minerali delle miniere nella valle del torrente Zanca (Grosseto). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 35, 2 (2-2011), 76-89; Costantini A., Pagani G. (eds.) (2015): Minerali: bellezze della natura nel Parco delle Colline Metallifere - Tuscan Mining Geopark. Pacini Editore, Pisa, 272 pp.
      • Scansano
        • Pereta
Sitta, S., & Turconi, B. (1981). Le Zolfiere di Scansano (GR). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 5(3), 71-80.
      • Semproniano
        • Catabbio
Innocenti F., Bartolozzi S., 2004. I minerali del Fosso "La Fuliggine presso Catabbio (Semproniano, Grosseto). Riv. Miner. Ital., 2: 78-86.
    • Livorno Province
      • Elba Island
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Stazzema
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (1), 1-22.
          • Ponte Stazzemese
Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
          • Sant'Anna di Stazzema
Biagioni, C., Moëlo, Y., and Zaccarini, F. (2017) Ferdowsiite from the Monte Arsiccio mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany (Italy): occurrence and crystal structure. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 124, 5-11.
    • Pisa Province
      • Pomarance
Bardi, T., Biagioni, C., & Orlandi, P. (2009). Aggiornamento sui minerali della Sorgente Solfurea di Micciano (Pomarance, Pisa, Toscana). MICRO (località), 1/2009, 261-276.
    • Siena Province
      • Chiusdino
Brizzi G., Ciselli I, Santucci A. (1988) - Cetineite ed altre novità dalle Cetine di Cotorniano - Riv. Miner. Ital., Milano, fasc. 3, pp.73-82 and Mineralogical Record, 15 (1), 27-36.; Menchetti, S., Batoni, M., Batacchi, C., Borselli, G., Brogi, A., Ceccantini, L., Fassina, B., Marchesini, M., Rossellini, A. & Ruggieri, G. (2015): Le Cetine di Cotorniano. Miniera e minerali. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 354 p.
  • Kyushu Region
    • Kagoshima Prefecture
      • Hioki City
        • Fukiage
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Miyazaki Prefecture
      • Koyu-gun
        • Nishimera-son
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Osh Oblast
    • Alai Range (Alay Range)
[Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
      • Fergana Valley
        • Kadamzhay ore field
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
[Lapis 11:11-24]
  • Diekirch District
    • Wiltz
      • Goesdorf commune
        • Goesdorf
Philippo, S. & Hanson, A. (2007): La minéralisation en antimoine de Goesdorf. Ferrantia 49, 111-146. []; Bakker, R. and Kolitsch, U. (2010): Die Antimon-Grube von Goesdorf in Luxemburg: das weltweit dritte Vorkommen von Brandholzit. Lapis 35 (6), 30; 43-45; 70. (in German); Filella, M., Philippo, S., Belzile, N., Chen, Y., & Quentel, F. (2009). Natural attenuation processes applying to antimony: a study in the abandoned antimony mine in Goesdorf, Luxembourg. Science of the Total Environment, 407(24), 6205-6216.
  • Sarawak
    • Kuching
      • Bau
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Amer.Min.(1978) 63, 715-719; DILL, H.G. and HORN, E.E. (1996) The origin of a hypogene sarabauite-calcite mineralization at the Lucky Hill Au-Sb mine Sarawak, Malaysia.- Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 14: 29-35; Wolfram Dieter Schuh (1993) Geology, Geochemistry, And Ore Deposits Of The Bau Gold Mining District, Sarawak, Malaysia. PhD Thesis University of Arizona.
  • Oaxaca
    • Mun. de San Juan Mixtepec-Juxtlahuaca
      • Tejocotes
Panczner (1987): 338.
  • Queretaro
    • Mun. de Tolimán
      • Soyatal
Panczner (1987): 144-363.
New Zealand
  • North Island
    • Northland Region
      • Far North District
        • Waikare
2004, Ministry of Economic Development, New Zealand Unpublished Mineral Report MR4076
      • Whangarei District
J. Thornton Puhipuhi area in Essence of Microscope (NZ)
  • South Island
    • Marlborough Region
      • Marlborough Sounds
Wilson, N.J., Craw, D., Hunter, K. (2004) Antimony distribution and environmental mobility at an historic antimony smelter site, New Zealand. Environmental Pollution 129: 257-266.
  • Troms
    • Ringvassøy
OT. Ljøstad photo and collection.
  • Porto District
    • Gondomar
      • Medas
      • Melres
Republic of Macedonia
  • Kavadarci
    • Rožden (Rozhden; Roszdan)
Boev, B., Stojanov, R., Denkovski, G. (1993): Geology of Alshar polymetallic deposit, Macedonia. Geol. Maced., 7, 35-39.
  • Kriva Palanka
Mudrinic, C. & Serafimovski, T. (1997): The Krstov Dol antimony deposit near Kriva Palanka (northeastern Macedonia). In: Boev, B. & Serafimovski, T. (Eds.): Proceeding of a symposium: Magmatism, metamorphism and metallogeny of the Vardar zone and Serbo-Macedonian massif, Faculty of Mining and Geology, Stip, 169-174.
  • Lipkovo
Đorđević, T., Kolitsch, U., Tasev, G., Serafimovski, T. & Boev, B. (2017): Anomalous As-enrichment in gersdorffite in a realgar-rich environment: Lojane, Macedonia. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 163, 38 (abs.).
  • Maramureș Co.
    • Baia Mare (Nagybánya)
      • Chiuzbaia (Kisbánya)
Szakáll: Minerals of Carpathian Reg., 2004
    • Baia Sprie (Felsőbánya)
collected: Gábor Koller, analysed: Sándor Szakáll, Béla Fehér EDS
Gábor Koller collection (EDS-analysed by Sándor Szakáll and Béla Fehér)
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Dalnegorsk Urban District
[MinRec 32:8]
  • Podrinje District
Slobodan A. Radosavljević, Jovica N. Stojanović, Ana S. Radosavljević-Mihajlović, Vladan D. Kašić (2013): Polymetallic mineralization of the Boranja orefield, Podrinje Metallogenic District, Serbia: zonality, mineral associations and genetic features. Periodico di Mineralogia, 82, 61-87.
      • Krupanj
Slobodan A. Radosavljević, Jovica N. Stojanović, Aleksandar M. Pačevski, Hg-bearing sphalerite from the Rujevac polymetallic ore deposit, Podrinje Metallogenic District, Serbia: Compositional variations and zoning, Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry, Volume 72, Issue 3, September 2012, Pages 237-244, ISSN 0009-2819, 10.1016/j.chemer.2011.12.003.
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica Co.
      • Brusno
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Brezno Co.
      • Jasenie
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Revúca Co.
      • Chyžné
[Bálintová T., Ozdín D.,2006:Sulphosalts from Chyžné-Herichová in the Western Carpathians (Slovakia). Acta Miner.-Petrograph.,Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p.8]
    • Žiar nad Hronom Co.
Ďuďa R., 1993 : Die mineralien der Gold und Silber - lagersttäte von Kremnitz ( Kremnica) in der Slowakei. Mineralien Welt /Haltern,Nemecko/,5, s. 20 - 32
  • Bratislava Region
    • Malacky Co.
      • Pernek
Kenngott, G. A. (1852): Mineralogische Untersuchungen, betreffend die Minerale Zinkenit, Gyps, Antimonsilber, Kupferglanz, Millerit, Pyrrhotin, Danait und den oktaedrischen Antimon-Baryt. Sitzungsberichte der kaiserliche Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien der Wissenschaften mathematisch-naturwissenschaftlichen, Classe 9, 557-595.; Sejkora, J., Ozdín, D., Vitáloš, J., Tuček, P., Čejka, J., Ďuďa, R. (2007): Schafarzikite from the type locality Pernek (Malé Karpaty Mountains, Slovak Republic) revisited. European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 3, 419-427.; Sejkora, J., Ozdín, D., Ďuďa, R. (2010): The supergene mineral association with brandholzite from Pernek, Malé Karpaty Mountains, Slovak Republic. Journal of Geosciences, 55 149-160.
    • Pezinok Co.
      • Pezinok
[MinRec 31:153-162]
  • Košice Region
    • Košice Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
Klimko, T., Chovan, M., Huraiová M. (2009): Hydrotermálna mineralizácia na antimonitových žilách Spišsko-gemerského rudohoria. Miner. Slov., 41, 2, 115-132.
Pauliš P., Ďuďa R., 2002: Nejzajimavejší mineralogická nalezište Slovenska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora, 134p.
    • Rožňava Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
      • Dobšiná (Dobschau; Topschau)
Martin Števko-unpublished, PXRD and EMPA-EDS confirmed
      • Rožňava (Rosenau; Rozsnyó)
        • Čučma
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    • Trebišov Co.
Koděra, P., Rojkovičová, Ľ.,Košárková, M., 1998: Mineralógická správa lokality Byšta, Au-Ag. Manuscript, Archiv Geofond, Bratislava, 68 p
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
      • Červenica
        • Dubník
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
Duda et. all.,1981:Minerály severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovca,Monografia 2,Bratislava, 98 p
  • Žilina Region
    • Liptovský Mikuláš Co.
Michalenko, J. (1967): Výskyt senarmontitu endogénneho pôvodu na antimonitovom ložisku Dúbrava v Nízkých Tatrách. Sborník Slovenského banského múzea, 3, 23-41. (in Slovak)
      • Partizánska Lupča
Chovan M., et all., 1995: Sb-Au(As-Pb) mineralizácia ložiska Magurka, Nízke Tatry. Min.Slovaca, Bratislava, 27, 6, 397-406
South Africa
  • Gauteng Province
    • Pretoria District (Tshwane District)
      • Pretoria
Minerals of South Africa; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
  • Limpopo Province
    • Murchison Range
      • Gravelotte
Minerals of South Africa
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
      • La Viñuela
- Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp.
  • Asturias
    • Salas
      • Carlés
- Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp.
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
      • Skellefte mining district
Sandström, F. (2008) Varuträskpegmatiten. Litofilen, 25 (2), 17-46
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Malcantone
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 367.
Schmutz, L., Bachmann, A., Eichin, R., Rüegg, H.-R. & Vogel, C. (1986): Antimon-Mineralien aus dem Malcantone - Vorkommen und Ausbildung. Schweizer Strahler, No. 6, 249-289.
  • Viloyati Sogd (Viloyati Sughd; Viloyati Khodzhent; Viloyati Leninabad)
    • Gissar Range
P.M. Kartashov data
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Pillaton
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • St Endellion
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
        • Trewetha
Kingsbury, A.W.G. (1957) A new occurrence of nadorite in Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 237, 499.; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications.
      • St Kew
Kingsbury, A.W.G. (1957) A new occurrence of nadorite in Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 237, 499.
      • St Minver
        • Port Quin
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
    • Cumbria
      • Allerdale
        • Caldbeck
          • Coombe Height
Fortey, N.J., Ingham, J.D., Skilton, B.R.H., Young, B., and Shepherd, T.J. (1984) Antimony mineralization at Wet Swine Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 45(1-2), 59-65.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Fortey et al., 1984).
        • St. John's Castlerigg and Wythburn
BMS Database
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
  • Scotland
    • East Ayrshire
      • New Cumnock
        • Hare Hill
No reference listed
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Darwin Hills
MinRec 15:5
          • Ophir Mountain
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 185.
      • Panamint Mts (Panamint Range)
        • Wildrose District (Wild Rose District)
Mining and Scientific Press (1915), The mining summary: Mining and Scientific Press: 111: 368; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 333.
          • Wildrose Peak
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10115393.
    • Kern Co.
      • Erskine Creek District
        • Lake Isabella (Isabella) [town]
R.O. Meyer collection
      • San Emigdio Mts
        • Antimony Peak
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 185.
    • Merced Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Stayton District (McLeod District; Panoche District)
          • Antimony Peak
Min.Rec.: 20:427-434.
    • Napa Co.
      • Knoxville District
        • Knoxville
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 185.
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Stayton District (McLeod District; Panoche District)
          • Santa Ana Mountain
Min.Rec.: 20:429-432,434.
Goldsmith, E. (1873), Stibioferrite, a new mineral from Santa Clara County, California: Academy of Natural Sciences Philadelphia Proceedings: 25: 369; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 334.
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Lake District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Bootstrap District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Manhattan District
          • Manhattan
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
      • Rye Patch District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Genth,F.A,1891,The Minerals of North Carolina,pg.40
  • Oregon
    • Jackson Co.
      • Applegate District
        • Kanaka Gulch
          • Lowry Antimony Mine
K. Starnes, personal ID, 1985
        • Kinney Creek
K. Starnes, personal ID, 1985
  • South Dakota
    • Pennington Co.
      • Silver City District
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
  • Utah
    • Garfield Co.
      • Escalante Mts
        • Coyote Creek District (Antimony District)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Sheeprock Mts
        • Little Valley
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
      • Willow Springs District
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Washington
    • Ferry Co.
      • Colville Indian Reservation
        • Covada District (Enterprise District)
          • Covada
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.69
    • King Co.
      • Miller River District
        • Happy Thought Creek
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.69
  • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
    • Angren Region
      • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
        • Kuraminskie Mtn
Sabir K. Mustafin data
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