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Serandite

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About SeranditeHide

Formula:
NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Colour:
Pale pink, salmon-red, salmon-orange, deep orange, rose-red, brown, colourless
Lustre:
Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Greasy
Hardness:
5 - 5½
Specific Gravity:
3.34
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
Named in 1931 by Antoine François Alfred Lacroix after J.M. Serand, lighthouse keeper of the Island of Rouma, Los, who assisted collecting the mineral and who coincidentally had a rosey pink complexion.

The name was modified in 2015 from sérandite to serandite by IMA approval 15-E.
Pectolite-Sérandite Series. The manganese analogue of pectolite and the sodium analogue of tanohataite.

Compare also marshallsussmanite.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Serandite.


Classification of SeranditeHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.DG.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
G : Inosilicates with 3-periodic single and multiple chains
65.2.1.5

65 : INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
2 : Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
14.18.27

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
18 : Silicates of Mn and Na, K, Mg, Ca or Fe

Physical Properties of SeranditeHide

Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Greasy
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Comment:
Fibrous aggregates are dull to silky
Colour:
Pale pink, salmon-red, salmon-orange, deep orange, rose-red, brown, colourless
Streak:
White
Hardness:
5 - 5½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {001} and {100}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Splintery
Density:
3.34 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.42 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of SeranditeHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.668 nβ = 1.671 nγ = 1.703
2V:
Measured: 39° , Calculated: 39°
Birefringence:
0.035
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.035
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r < v moderate

Chemical Properties of SeranditeHide

Formula:
NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Common Impurities:
Al,Fe,Mg,K,H2O

Crystallography of SeranditeHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Setting:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.683(1) Å, b = 6.889(1) Å, c = 6.747(1) Å
α = 90.53(5)°, β = 94.12(2)°, γ = 102.75(2)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.115 : 1 : 0.979
Unit Cell V:
347.29 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Prismatic to acicular crystals
Twinning:
Around [010] compostion plane {100}, less commonly contact twin on {110}

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.51 Å(25)
3.158 Å(90)
2.983 Å(100)
2.838 Å(65)
2.602 Å(35)
2.495 Å(45)
2.192 Å(60)
Comments:
ICDD 25-723

Type Occurrence of SeranditeHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Pink bladed mineral
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Smithsonian, Washington DC 96515
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Alkalic pegmatite
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for SeranditeHide

German:Sérandit
Japanese:セラン石
Simplified Chinese:针钠锰石
桃针钠石
Spanish:Sérandita
Traditional Chinese:針鈉錳石
桃針鈉石

Varieties of SeranditeHide

Calcian SéranditeA variety of Sérandite especially rich in calcium. Most Sérandite contains some calcium.

Relationship of Serandite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Barrydawsonite-(Y)Na1.5Y0.5CaSi3O9HMon. 2/m : P21/b
BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)Tric. 1 : P1
CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)Tric. 1
FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)Tric.
MendigiteMn2Mn2MnCa(Si3O9)2Tric. 1 : P1
MurakamiiteCa2LiSi3O8(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
TanohataiteLiMn2(HSi3O9)Tric. 1 : P1
VistepiteSnMn4B2Si4O16(OH)2Tric. 1
WollastoniteCaSiO3Tric. 1 : P1
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
AstrophylliteK2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
FluoriteCaF2
LeucophaniteNaCaBeSi2O6F
ManganoneptuniteNa2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24
MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
175 photos of Serandite associated with AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
128 photos of Serandite associated with AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
71 photos of Serandite associated with NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
65 photos of Serandite associated with PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
48 photos of Serandite associated with ManganoneptuniteNa2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24
44 photos of Serandite associated with UssingiteNa2AlSi3O8OH
43 photos of Serandite associated with AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
36 photos of Serandite associated with MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
33 photos of Serandite associated with RhodochrositeMnCO3
31 photos of Serandite associated with VuonnemiteNa11Ti4+Nb2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O3(F,OH)

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DG.05BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.05FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)Tric.
9.DG.05PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.05WollastoniteCaSiO3Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.05Wollastonite-1ACaSiO3Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.07CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)Tric. 1
9.DG.08Plombièrite[Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O]·(Ca·5H2O)Orth.
9.DG.10Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)Mon.
9.DG.10RiversideiteCa5(HSi3O9)2 · 2H2OOrth.
9.DG.10Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)Orth.
9.DG.15FoshagiteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2Tric.
9.DG.20JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2OTric.
9.DG.25ParaumbiteK3Zr2H(Si3O9)2 · nH2OOrth.
9.DG.25UmbiteK2(Zr,Ti)Si3O9 · H2OOrth.
9.DG.30SørenseniteNa4SnBe2Si6O16(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DG.35XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DG.40HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
9.DG.45ZoriteNa8(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 14H2OOrth.
9.DG.45ChivruaiiteCa4(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 13-14H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm
9.DG.50Haineaultite(Na,Ca)5Ca(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,F)8 · 5H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
9.DG.55EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.DG.60EudidymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DG.65ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2OOrth.
9.DG.70Fenaksite(K,Na)4(Fe,Mn)2(Si4O10)2(OH,F)Tric.
9.DG.70LitidioniteCuNaKSi4O10Tric.
9.DG.70ManaksiteKNaMnSi4O10Tric.
9.DG.75TinaksiteK2Na(Ca,Mn2+)2TiO[Si7O18(OH)]Tric.
9.DG.75TokkoiteK2Ca4[Si7O18(OH)](OH,F)Tric.
9.DG.75SenkevichiteCsKNaCa2TiO[Si7O18](OH)Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.80CanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4Mon.
9.DG.80FluorcanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30F4 · H2OMon. m : Bm
9.DG.85MiseriteK1.5-x(Ca,Y,REE)5(Si6O15)(Si2O7)(OH,F)2 · yH2OTric.
9.DG.90FrankameniteK3Na3Ca5(Si12O30)(F,OH)4 · H2OTric.
9.DG.92Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.DG.95YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3Orth.
9.DG.97Eveslogite(Na,K,Ca,Sr,Ba)48 [(Ti,Nb,Mn,Fe2+)12Si48O144(OH)12](F,OH,Cl)14Mon. 2/m : P2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

65.2.1.1bWollastonite-2MCaSiO3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
65.2.1.1cWollastoniteCaSiO3Tric. 1 : P1
65.2.1.1aWollastonite-1ACaSiO3Tric. 1 : P1
65.2.1.2BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)Tric. 1 : P1
65.2.1.3FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)Tric.
65.2.1.4aPectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
65.2.1.6CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)Tric. 1
65.2.1.7DenisoviteK14+x(Ca,Na,Mn,Fe)48[Si60O162]F16(Ox,OH4−x)·2H2OMon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.18.1NambuliteLiMn2+4Si5O14(OH)Tric.
14.18.2Natronambulite(Na,Li)(Mn,Ca)4Si5O14OHTric.
14.18.3ZakharoviteNa4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2OTrig.
14.18.4NorrishiteKLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.18.5ShafranovskiteNa3K2(Mn,Fe,Na)4[Si9(O,OH)27](OH)2 · nH2OTrig.
14.18.6AbswurmbachiteCuMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
14.18.7Donpeacorite(Mn2+,Mg)Mg[SiO3]2Orth.
14.18.8KanoiteMn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.18.9CaryopiliteMn2+3Si2O5(OH)4Mon.
14.18.10Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
14.18.11Tirodite
14.18.12Manganhumite(Mn2+,Mg)7(SiO4)3(OH)2Orth.
14.18.13BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)Tric. 1 : P1
14.18.14GlaucochroiteCaMn2+SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
14.18.15Truscottite(Ca,Mn)14Si24O58(OH)8 · 2H2OTrig.
14.18.16SantaclaraiteCaMn4[Si5O14OH](OH) · H2OTric.
14.18.17FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)Tric.
14.18.18JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
14.18.19NeltneriteCaMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
14.18.20OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2OHex.
14.18.21InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
14.18.22OrientiteCa8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O Orth.
14.18.23RuiziteCa2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2OMon. 2
14.18.24BostwickiteCaMn6Si3O16 · 7H2OOrth.
14.18.25KittatinnyiteCa2Mn2Mn(SiO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2OHex.
14.18.26LithiomarsturiteLiCa2Mn2Si5O14(OH)Tric.
14.18.28KvanefjelditeNa4(Ca,Mn)(Si3O7)2(OH)2Orth.
14.18.29MarsturiteNaCaMn3Si5O14(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
14.18.30RaiteNa4Mn2+3Ti0.25Si8O20(OH)2 · 10H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
14.18.31Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.18.32Byelorussite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2MnTi2[Si4O12]2O2(F,OH) · H2O
14.18.33Deerite(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5Mon.
14.18.34Calderite(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3Iso.
14.18.35PyroxmangiteMnSiO3Tric. 1
14.18.36Dannemorite☐{Mn2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
14.18.37Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2OAmor.
14.18.38BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
14.18.39ManganbabingtoniteCa2(Mn,Fe)FeSi5O14(OH)Tric.
14.18.40ÖrebroiteMn2+3(Sb5+,Fe3+)(SiO4)(O,OH)3Hex.

Fluorescence of SeranditeHide

Not fluorescent in UV

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SeranditeHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
LACROIX, A. (1931) Les pegmatites de la syènite sodalitique de l'Îsle Rouma (Archipel de Los, Guinèe française). Desciption d'un nouveau minéral (sérandite) qu'elles renferment. Comptes Rendu, Academie des Sciences, Paris. 192, No.4. 187 194. (in French). English abstract: American Mineralogist, 16, (1931) 344.
SCHALLER, W.T. (1955) The pectolite-schizolite-serandite series. American Mineralogist, 40, 1022-1031.
BOISSONNAULT, J. and PERRAULT, G. (1965a) Serandite from St. Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist, 8, 132 (abstract).
HORVÁTH, L. and GAULT, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284-359.
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
Manning, P. G. (1968): Absorption spectra of the manganese-bearing chain silicates pyroxmangite, rhodonite, bustamite and serandite. Canadian Mineralogist 9, 348-357.
Ohashi, Y. & Finger, L. W. (1978): The role of octahedral cations in pyroxenoid crystal chemistry. I. Bustamite, wollastonite, and the pectolite–schizolite–serandite series. American Mineralogist 63, 274-288.
Hammer, V.M.F., Libowitzky, E., and Rossman, G.R. (1998): Single-crystal IR spectroscopy of very strong hydrogen bonds in pectolite, NaCa2[Si3O4(OH)], and serandite, NaMn2[Si3O4(OH)]. American Mineralogist 83, 569-576.
Jacobsen, S.D., Smyth, J.R., Swope, R.J. & Sheldon, R.I. (2000): Two proton positions in the very strong hydrogen bond of serandite, NaMn2[Si3O8(OH)]. American Mineralogist, 85, 745-752.

Internet Links for SeranditeHide

Localities for SeranditeHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Forbes Co.
      • Grenfell
[MinRec 27:394]; Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F. C., Ball, N. A., & Ashley, P. M. (2016). PREPUBLICATION: Oxo-mangani-leakeite from the Hoskins mine, New South Wales, Australia: occurrence and mineral description. Mineralogical Magazine.
    • Inglis Co.
      • Tamworth
Mineralogical Magazine: 60:369-374.
  • Queensland
    • Somerset Region
Carr, Phillips & Williams - Mineralogical Magazine 1976 40,853-6
Brazil
 
  • Santa Catarina
1995, Geochimica Brasiliensis, 8: 179-214.; G Traversa et al (1994) Petrology and Mineral Chemistry of the Alkaline District of Lages, SC, Brazil. Geochem Brazil 8:179-214
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
BOISSONAULT, J., PERRAULT, G. (1964) Serandite from St. Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist, 8, 132.; GRICE, J.D. (1989) Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec: Canada's Most Diverse Mineral Locality. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 100-108; 166-175.; HORVÁTH, L., GAULT, R.A. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 281-359.
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
Horváth, L., Pfenninger-Horváth, E., Gault, R. A., & Tarassoff, P. (1998): Mineralogy of the Saint-Amable Sill, Varennes and Saint-Amable, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 29: 83-118.
Guinea
 
Biagioni, C., Merlino, S., Parodi, G. C., & Perchiazzi, N. (2012). Crystal Chemistry of Minerals of the Wöhlerite Group from the Los Archipelago, Guinea. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(3), 593-609.
Lacroix, A. (1931). Les pegmatites de la syénite sodalitique de l’île Rouma (archipel de Los, Guinée française). Description d’un noveau minéral (sérandite) qu’elles renferment. C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, 192, 189-194. ; Moreau, C., Ohnenstetter, D., Demaiffe, D., & Robineau, B. (1996). The Los Archipelago nepheline syenite ring-structure; a magmatic marker of the evolution of the Central and Equatorial Atlantic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 34(2), 281-299.
Hungary
 
  • Baranya County
    • Hosszúhetény
collector: Csaba Papp, WDS: Viera Kollerová
India
 
  • West Bengal
    • Purulia District
Chakrabarty, A., Mitchell, R. H., Ren, M., Sen, A. K., & Pruseth, K. L. (2013). Rinkite, cerianite-(Ce), and hingganite-(Ce) in syenite gneisses from the Sushina Hill Complex, India: occurrence, compositional data and petrogenetic significance. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(8), 3137-3154.
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • La Spezia Province
      • Borghetto di Vara
Palenzona A., Di Giovanni F. (1990) - La serandite di Cerchiara (SP) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiaa, XIII, fasc. 1, pp. 42-43
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Vagli Sotto
Biagioni C., 2004. Le mineralizzazioni manganesifere dei Diaspri Auctt. di Vagli (Alpi Apuane, Lucca). Tesina di Laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
Japan
 
  • Akita
    • Odate
Dr. Wilfried Steffens: "The Eudialyte Homepage" www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/other.htm (where it is erroneously assumed to be related to alkaline igneous rocks)
  • Iwate
    • Shimohei District
      • Tanohata-mura
Am Min 61:3-4 pp 229-237; Mineral.Journ.Japan (1985) 12, 332-340; Matsubara, S., Miyawaki, R., Kurosawa, M., & Suzuki, Y. (2002). Potassicleakeite, a New Amphibole from the Tanohata Mine, Iwate Prefecture, Japan. Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences, 97(4), 177-184.
Matsubara, S., Miyawaki, R., Yokoyama, K., Shigeoka, M., Miyajima, H., Suzuki, Y., ... & Ishibashi, T. (2010). Momoiite and nagashimalite from the Tanohata mine, Iwate Prefecture, Japan. Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science C, 36, 1-6.
  • Tokyo
    • Nishitama district
      • Okutama-cho
Matsubara S, Miyawaki R, Yokoyama K, Shimizu M, Imai H (2004) Tokyoite, Ba2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH), a new mineral from the Shiromaru mine, Okutama, Tokyo, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 99, 363-367; photo in: Koubutsu Doshikai (2017) Kanto-to Shuhen-no Koubutsu (279pp).
Mexico
 
  • Oaxaca
    • Ayoquezco de Aldama
http://www.mineral-forum.com/message-board/viewtopic.php?SRC=YWxmcmVkb0BtaW5kYXQub3Jn&p=57859#57859
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek Rural
      • Aris
Ellingsen, H. V. (2006): Sérandit aus Aris, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 51. (in German); Prof. Friedrich Koller, University of Vienna (chemical analyses on thin sections; pers. comm. to U. Kolitsch, 7/2009); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Grootfontein
      • Kombat
Dunn, P.J. (1991), Rare minerals of the Kombat Mine, Mineralogical Record: 22(6): 421-425.
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Auenslandet
        • Sagåsen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
      • Bjørkedalen
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Langesundsfjorden
        • Vesle Arøya
Engvoldsen, T., Andersen, F., Berge, S. A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18 (1), 15-71; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
Russia
 
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Lovozersky District
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Umbozero mine (Umbozerskii mine; Umba Mine)
Lapis, 4/97, Ivanjuk et al.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
V. Grishin collection
Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 130, issue 2, 53-58
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33. ; Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).; Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Ivanyuk, G. Y., & Yakovenchuk, V. N. (2014). Loparite-(Ce) in rocks of the Lovozero layered complex at Mt. Karnasurt and Mt. Kedykvyrpakhk. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 685-698.
I. Pekov (1998) Minerals First Discovered on the Territory of the former Soviey Union
Mineralogical Record (2000): 31: 203.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
      • Kedykverpakhk Mountain
        • Karnasurt mine (Kedyk area)
I.V. Pekov et al.: Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 132(6):1-14 (2003)
Yakovenchuk, V. N., Ivanyuk, G. Y., Krivovichev, S. V., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Selivanova, E. A., Korchak, J. A., ... & Zalkind, O. A. (2011). Eliseevite, Na1. 5Li [Ti2Si4O12. 5 (OH) 1.5]∙ 2H2O, a new microporous titanosilicate from the Lovozero alkaline massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). American Mineralogist, 96(10), 1624-1629.
      • Sengischorr Mountain
        • Motchisuai River Valley
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
South Africa
 
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.; MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
  • Northern Cape
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
    • Kathu
      • Sishen
John M. Moore, Barbara K. Kuhn, Darren F. Mark, and Harilaos Tsikos (2011): A sugilite-bearing assemblage from the Wolhaarkop breccia, Bruce iron-ore mine, South Africa: Evidence for alkali metasomatism and 40Ar-39Ar dating. Eur. J. Mineral. 23, 661-673.
Moore, J.M., Kuhn, B., Mark, D.F., Tsikos, H. (2011): A sugilite-bearing assemblage from the Wolhaarkop breccia, Bruce iron-ore mine, South Africa: Evidence for alkali metasomatism and 40Ar-39Ar dating. European Journal of Mineralogy: 23: 661-673; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=7909 (2016)
Costin, G., Fairey, B., & Tsikos, H. (2014) Tokyoite and As-rich tokyoite: new occurrence in the manganese ore of the Postmasburg Manganese Field, South Africa. 21st annual IMA conference
Sweden
 
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
Holtstam, D., Cámara, F., Skogby, H., Karlsson, A. (2019): Hjalmarite, a new Na–Mn member of the amphibole supergroup, from Mn skarn in the Långban deposit, Värmland, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy 31, 565-574.
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk Oblast
    • Azov Sea Region
Sharygin, V.V. (2015): Zincian micas from peralkaline phonolites of the Oktyabrsky massif, Azov Sea region, Ukrainian Shield. European Journal of Mineralogy: 27(4): 521-533
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125; Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
  • California
    • San Benito Co.
      • New Idria Mining District
        • Santa Rita Peak
Wise, W.S & Gill, R.H. (1977): Minerals of the Benitoite Gem mine. Mineralogical Record 8, 442-452; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 410.
  • New Mexico
    • Colfax Co.
      • Springer
        • Point of Rocks Mesa (Pecks Mesa)
Rocks & Min.:60:229.
 
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