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Spangolite

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About SpangoliteHide

Formula:
Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Colour:
Dark to emerald green, blue-green; light green in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
3.14
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named in 1890 by Samuel Lewis Penfield in honor of Norman Spang [1842 Etna, Pennsylvania, USA - December 1922 Paris, France], iron manufacturer and mineral collector of Etna, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, USA, contributor of the type specimen for study.
Spangolite Group

A secondary mineral commonly occurring with other secondary copper minerals in oxidized zones of copper-bearing ore bodies.

Note: The exact type locality is uncertain; the original specimen found “within a radius of 200 miles of Tombstone” (probably from Bisbee).

Thin tabular spangolite may be confused with chalcophyllite.


Classification of SpangoliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.DD.15

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
31.1.5.1

31 : HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : (AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
26.8

26 : Sulphates with Halide

Pronounciation of SpangoliteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of SpangoliteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Dark to emerald green, blue-green; light green in transmitted light.
Streak:
Pale green
Hardness:
Comment:
About 2 on {0001} and about 3 on the inclined faces.
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {0001}, perfect.
On p{1011}, _p -p, and -_p: distinct.
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
3.14 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.14 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of SpangoliteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.694 nε = 1.641
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.053
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
Dichroic:
O = Green
E = Bluish green

Chemical Properties of SpangoliteHide

Formula:
Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O

Crystallography of SpangoliteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m - Ditrigonal Pyramidal
Space Group:
P3 1c
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.24 Å, c = 14.34 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.74
Unit Cell V:
843.21 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Crystals frequently holohedral in aspect; either short prismatic [0001] or, more commonly, tabular {0001}. Less commonly hemimorphic with large {0001} and tapering toward the antilogous pole. The prism and trigonal pyramid faces are horizontally striated with series of trigonal pyramids and prisms in oscillatory combination. The geometrically equivalent positive and negative trigonal pyramids are seemingly always equally developed, rendering a hexagonal appearance to the crystal.
Twinning:
On {0001}, rare, with the acute (antilogous) poles of the two individuals joined together.
Comment:
Cell parameters are variable: a = 8.245-8.278 A, c = 14.32-14.53 A

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.07 (10)
3.59 (8)
2.66 (4)
2.54 (7)
2.36 (5)
1.98 (6)
1.80 (7)

Other Language Names for SpangoliteHide

Simplified Chinese:氯铜铝矾
Spanish:Spangolita
Traditional Chinese:氯銅鋁礬

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Brochantite67 photos of Spangolite associated with Brochantite on mindat.org.
Malachite28 photos of Spangolite associated with Malachite on mindat.org.
Connellite17 photos of Spangolite associated with Connellite on mindat.org.
Quartz17 photos of Spangolite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Cyanotrichite16 photos of Spangolite associated with Cyanotrichite on mindat.org.
Cuprite12 photos of Spangolite associated with Cuprite on mindat.org.
Linarite7 photos of Spangolite associated with Linarite on mindat.org.
Baryte7 photos of Spangolite associated with Baryte on mindat.org.
Parnauite5 photos of Spangolite associated with Parnauite on mindat.org.
Plancheite3 photos of Spangolite associated with Plancheite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.DD.05FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2OMon. 2 : P21
7.DD.10LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m
7.DD.10PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2OMon. m : Pm
7.DD.10WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m : Pm
7.DD.20KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2OMon.
7.DD.25ChristeliteCu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OTric.
7.DD.30CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon.
7.DD.30DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.30OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth. mm2 : Pca21
7.DD.30SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.DD.30NiedermayriteCdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.DD.30EdwardsiteCu3Cd2(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.35Carrboydite(Ni1-xAlx)(SO4)x/2(OH)2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35Honessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.
7.DD.35Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFe3+x)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2OTrig.
7.DD.35WermlanditeMg7Al2(OH)18[Ca(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3c1
7.DD.35WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
7.DD.35Hydrowoodwardite(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35ZincowoodwarditeZn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.
7.DD.35NatroglaucoceriniteZn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2•6H2OHex.
7.DD.35NikischeriteFe2+6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2OTrig.
7.DD.40Lawsonbauerite(Mn2+,Mg)9Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.40Torreyite(Mg,Mn2+)72Mn2+2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.45MooreiteMg92Mn2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)26 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
7.DD.50NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.DD.55BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]Trig. 3 : P3
7.DD.60Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
7.DD.65VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.70RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.75ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon. 2 : P21
7.DD.75Nickelalumite(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon.
7.DD.75KyrgyzstaniteZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12·3H2OMon.
7.DD.80GuarinoiteZn6(SO4)(OH)10 · 5H2OHex.
7.DD.80Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig.
7.DD.80ThérèsemagnaniteNaCo4(SO4)(OH)6Cl·6H2OHex.
7.DD.80UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.DD.85MontetrisaiteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2OOrth. mm2 : Cmc21

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

26.1KogarkoiteNa3(SO4)FMon.
26.2SulphohaliteNa6(SO4)2FClIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
26.3SchaireriteNa21(SO4)7ClF6Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
26.4GaleiteNa15(SO4)5F4ClTrig.
26.5ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2OHex. 6 m2 : P62c
26.6ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
26.7KamchatkiteKCu3(SO4)2OClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
26.9AubertiteCuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2OTric. 1
26.10Magnesioaubertite(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
26.11Svyazhinite(Mg,Mn2+,Ca)(Al,Fe3+)(SO4)2F · 14H2OTric.
26.12D'AnsiteNa21Mg(SO4)10Cl3Iso.
26.13AnhydrokainiteKMg(SO4)Cl
26.14KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
26.15Mosesite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4,MoO4) · H2OIso.
26.16Kleinite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4) · nH2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
26.17WilcoxiteMgAl(SO4)2F · 17H2OTric. 1 : P1
26.18CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
26.19LannoniteMg2Ca4Al4(SO4)8F8 · 24H2O Tet. 4/m : I4/m
26.20Chukhrovite-(Y)Ca3(Y,Ce)[F|SO4|(AlF6)2] · 10H2OIso.
26.21Chukhrovite-(Ce)Ca3(Ce,Y)[F|SO4|(AlF6)2] · 10H2OIso.
26.22GrandreefitePb2(SO4)F2Mon. 2/m
26.23PseudograndreefitePb6(SO4)F10Orth. 2 2 2 : F2 2 2
26.24SundiusitePb10(SO4)O8Cl2Mon.
26.25CaracoliteNa3Pb2(SO4)3ClMon.
26.26MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2Mon. 2 : B2
26.27AtlasoviteK(BiO)Cu6Fe3+(SO4)5O3ClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/ncc
26.28XitieshaniteFe3+(SO4)Cl · 6H2OMon.
26.29NabokoiteKCu7(SO4)5(Te4+O3)OClTet.

Other InformationHide

Electrical:
Pyroelectric.
Notes:
Insoluble in water. Readily soluble in acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SpangoliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Penfield, S.L. (1890) American Journal of Science, 3rd. series: 39: 370.
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of mineralogy, 6th edition: 919.
Miers, H.A. (1893) Spangolite, a remarkable Cornish mineral. Nature, vol. 48, n° 1244, 426-427.
Miers, H.A. (1894) Spangolite. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 10, n° 48, 273-277.
Pelloux (1909) Ann. Mus. Civico Stor. Nat. Genova: 4: [3a]: 194.
Frondel, C. (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 181.
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 576-578.
Merlino, S., Pasero, M., Sabelli, C., and Trosti-Ferroni, R.(1992) Crystal structure refinements of spangolite, a hydrated basic sulphate of copper and aluminum, from three different occurrences. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1992: 349-357.
American Mineralogist (1993) 78: 649-652.
Fennell, T, Piatek, J.O., Stephenson, R.A., Nilsen, G.J., and Rønnow, H.M. (2011) Spangolite: an s = 1/2 maple leaf lattice antiferromagnet? J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 23, 164201.

Internet Links for SpangoliteHide

Localities for SpangoliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
        • Broken Hill
          • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
[UKJMM 19:28]
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Cloncurry
Munro-Smith, V., Leverett, P., Sciberras, M. J., Sharpe, J. L., Williams, P. A. and Melchiorre, E. B. (2015): Copper and cobalt mineralization from the Desolation prospect, Mount Isa Block, Queensland. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 17, 83-87.
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Mount Isa
Steve Sorrell Collection
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Rosebery district
        • Colebrook Hill
Bottrill, RS, unpub data 2001
  • Western Australia
    • Menzies Shire
      • Menangina Station
Matthew J. Sciberras, Peter Leverett, Peter A. Williams, David E. Hibbs, Peter J. Downes, Mark D. Welch and Anthony R. Kampf (2013) Paratacamite-(Ni,Cu3(Ni,Cu)Cl2(OH)6, a new mineral from the Carr Boyd Rocks mine, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 17:39-44
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
        • Waitschach
Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Rauris valley
        • Hüttwinkl valley
          • Alteck - Hoher Sonnblick area
            • Hoher Sonnblick
Schnorrer, G. & Bacher, F. (2000): Die Mineralien von der Sonnblick- Nordwand, Rauris, Salzburg / Österreich - insbesondere der erste Khaidarkanit- Fund in Österreich. Mineralien-Welt, 11 (5), 52-57.
  • Styria
    • Ennstaler Alpen
      • Johnsbach
        • Severinggraben
POSTL, W. & WALTER, F. (1983): 544. Antlerit-xx und Baryt-xx aus der Kupferschlacke Severinggraben, Johnsbach, Steiermark. P. 355 in NIEDERMAYR, G., W. POSTL & F. WALTER (1983): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XXXII. Carinthia II, 173./93.: 339-362.; Postl, W. & Moser, B. (1988): Mineralogische Notizen aus der Steiermark. Mitt. Abt. Miner. Landesmuseum Joanneum, 56, 5-47.; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
            • Gratlspitz
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
            • St Gertraudi
              • Kleinkogel
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
          • Schwaz
            • Falkenstein District
              • Falkenstein
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Skeena Mining Division
      • Stewart
Personal collection of John Dagenais
  • New Brunswick
    • Charlotte Co.
      • Saint George Parish
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada Popular Geoscience 97.
Chile
 
  • Atacama Region
    • Chañaral Province
      • Inca de Oro
        • San Pedro de Cachiyuyo District
maurizio dini collection - analysed material
    • Copiapó Province
      • Puquios district
        • Carrera Pinto
Maurizio Dini - analysis by Dr. Robert A. Jenkins.
  • Tarapacá Region
    • El Tamarugal Province
      • Collahuasi District
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Kambove District
Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Loire
      • La Pacaudière
        • Le Crozet
Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
  • Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
    • Nièvre
MOUREY Y. (2017) - Synthèse sur quelques indices minéralisés contenus dans l'assise de Chitry (Nièvre) Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°136, pp. 3-26
OLLIC Pascal Collection
  • Corsica
    • Haute-Corse
      • Corte
        • Ghisoni
M. Arliguie collection
  • Occitanie
    • Gard
      • Alzon
Patrice Queneau Collection Georges Favreau collection
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
      • Aure Valley
Patrice Queneau Collection
    • Tarn
      • Trébas
PIERROT R., PICOT P., FORTUNÉ J.P., TOLLON F. (1976): Inventaire minéralogique de la France n° 5, Tarn. Editions du B.R.G.M., Orléans, 117-118 pp.
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
[UKJMM 2:11-15 "Cap Garonne Secondary Copper and Lead - W.R. van den Berg"]
CLAUDE Jean-Marie trouvaille (08/1980) and collection personelle;
Georges FAVREAU collection
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Emmendingen
        • Freiamt Pb-Cu mining district
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Hesse
    • Richelsdorf District
      • Nentershausen
        • Süß
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Bockswies veins
          • Oberschulenberg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
van den Berg, W. & van Loon, C. (1990): Slag Minerals from the Rammelsberg, Harz Mountains, Germany. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 8, 18-23.
        • Grane Reservoir
ko jansen
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Meschede
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
SCHNORRER, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuheiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis 20 (12), 43-48; 62.
Schnorrer, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuigkeiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis, 20 (12), 43.
    • Siegerland
      • Hilchenbach
        • Müsen
Der Aufschluss 2000(2), 71-123
      • Wilnsdorf
Mineralien-Welt 17, (4), 36-37; SCHNORRER, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuheiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis 20 (12), 43-48; 62.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Siegerland
      • Niederfischbach
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Schmiedeberg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Helgoland Island
Markus Gerstmann - Collection
Greece
 
  • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
    • Kykládes Prefecture
      • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
        • Serifos Island (Seriphos)
          • Avissalos (Avyssalos; Avessalos; Aghriomelisa Mountain)
Fritz Schreiber collection (analysed by U. Kolitsch)
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium; Lavreotiki Municipality)
      • Lavrion District Mines
NIEDERMAYR, G. (1982): Neues von Lavrion: Spangolith aus der Oxidationszone. Lapis, 7 (6), 16-17.
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
No reference listed
GRÖBNER, J. (2001): Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21.
            • Hilarion area
Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47.; J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Colleen Thomson collection
No reference listed
        • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
No reference listed
        • Megala Pefka area
          • Megala Pefka Mines
Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
        • Sounion area
          • Sounion Mines
Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
      • Lavrion District slag localities
        • Sounion area
van Kalmthout, P. (2012): De slakkenmineralen van Lavrion (Gr.) - Ontwikkelingen na 1996, inclusief een archeologische ontdekking. GEA, 45 (1), 14-19 (in Dutch).; Fritz Schreiber Collection
Italy
 
  • Friuli-Venezia Giulia
    • Udine Province
      • Degano Valley
Bortolozzi, G.M., Bracco, R., De Tuoni, F., Vidus, L., Bittarello, E., Marengo, A., Ciriotti, M.E., Zorzi, F. (2018) Antiche miniere e affioramenti metalliferi a Comeglians (Val Degano, Friuli-Venezia Giulia): recenti ritrovamenti. Micro, 16, 1-2018, 2-36.
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Genova
        • Varenna Valley
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
      • Ne
[MinRec 32:360]
Redazionale (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia del Ferrania Club, 19 , 3-5.
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari metropolitan city (Metropolitan City of Cagliari)
      • Sinnai
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Brizzi, G. (1993) Sarrabus. Miniere e Minerali. Associazione Mineralogica Sarda, Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo, Associazione Piemontese Mineralogia Paleontologia e Mostra Torinese Minerali, Centro Mineralogico Varesino, Amici Mineralogisti Fiorentini, Gruppo Mineralogico Paleontologico Piacentino, et al., Stige Milano Srl, Milano, 208 pp.
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Domusnovas
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 1, 238 pp.
      • Fluminimaggiore
        • Oridda Valley
[O'Donoghue, 1978 - "Encyclopedia of Minerals & Gemstones", p283]
    • Nuoro Province
      • Gadoni
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Sarrabus-Gerrei
        • Gerrei
          • Villaputzu
Campostrini, I. & Gramaccioli, C. M. (2001): Selenium-rich secondary minerals from the Baccu Locci mine (Sardinia, Italy). Neues Jahrbuch fuer Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 177, 37-59.; Campostrini, I., Gramaccioli, C. M. and Demartin, F. (1999): Orlandiite, Pb3Cl4(SeO3)3•H2O, a new mineral species, and an associated lead-copper selenite chloride from the Baccu Locci mine, Sardinia, Italy. Can. Mineral. 37, 1493-1498
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Massa Marittima
        • Prata
Bardi, T., Bazzoni, C., Bernocchi, M., Betti, C., Biagioni, C., D'Orazio, M. & Pagani, G. (2017) Cretaio. La vecchia ricerca cuprifera presso Prata, Massa Marittima (GR). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 104-118.
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Luigi Chiappino collection
http://www.comune.pisa.it/apsn/Articoli/Scorie/Capattoli.htm
Perchiazzi, N. & Marinai, W. (1990): Alteration minerals in metallurgical slags from Rocca S. Silvestro, Livorno, Tuscany. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana 1990, (3), 145-150. (In Italian.); Gianni Porcellini collection
        • Sassetta
          • Canina Valley
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
        • Suvereto
Luigi Chiappino data
      • Piombino
Franzini, M., Perchiazzi, N. (1992): I minerali delle scorie ferrifere etrusche di Baratti (Livorno). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, Serie A, 99, 43-77; Franzini, M., Perchiazzi, N., Bartoli, M.L., Chiappino, L. (1992): Baratti (LI): una nuova località mineralogica italiana analoga al Laurion. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 15, 2 (2-1992), 67-75 [2a parte]; Cerutti, G., Preite, D. (1995): Mineralien der etruskischen Schlacken von Baratti, Toskana. Lapis, 20, 4, 13-18 and 50.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kinki Region
      • Hyogo Prefecture
        • Taka-gun
          • Taka-cho
            • Kami-ku
Takada & Matsuuchi (1981) Chigaku Kenkyu, 32, 191-199.; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karaganda
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
  • Turkistan
    • Karatau Range
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Mexico
 
  • Sonora
    • Mun. de Santa Cruz
      • Cuitaca
Peter Megaw collection
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro District
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Cuevas del Almanzora (Cuevas de Vera)
Pesudo Verde Collection
        • Sierra Almagrera
Frias, J. Martinez; Guinea, J. Garcia; Ruiz, J. Lopez (1994): Modeling of the geothermal processes associated with the Herrerias silver deposit (southeast Spain). Acta Universitatis Carolinae, Geologica 1994 (volume date 1992), 169-181.
      • Tíjola
Georges FAVREAU collection
    • Granada
      • Albuñol
FMF Forum
UK
 
  • England
    • Co. Durham
      • Castleside
Norman Wilson collection
    • Cornwall
      • Gwennap
        • St Day
          • St Day United Mines (Poldice Mines)
No reference listed
      • St Cleer
        • Crow's Nest
Golley & Williams (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual, p. 57
BMS Database
      • St Day
Miers, H.A. (1894) Spangolite. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 10, n° 48, 273-277.; Embrey and Symes (1987) Minerals of Cornwall and Devon, 124.
    • Cumbria
      • Allerdale
        • Above Derwent
No reference listed
    • Leicestershire
      • Hinckley and Bosworth
        • Stanton under Bardon
          • Cliffe Hill Quarry
UKJMM 26:31-42
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Dragoon Mts
        • Turquoise District (Courtland-Gleeson District)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 198, 376.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.:69
Bruce J. Murophy specimen
            • Queen Hill
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 376; Ford, W.E. (1914), New occurrences of spangolite, Amer. Jour. Sci.: 38: 503-504.
Frondel, C. (1949), Crystallography of spangolite, Am.Min.: 34: 181-187; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 65; Dana 7:II:573.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 175, 376; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
      • Tombstone Hills
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 578.
    • Coconino Co.
      • Grand Canyon
        • Horseshoe Mesa
Dr Marcus Origlieri
    • Greenlee Co.
      • Shannon Mts
        • Copper Mountain District (Clifton-Morenci District)
          • Clifton
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 376; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 65; Dana 7:II:578,1094.
Merritt Stephen Enders (2000) The Evolution of Supergene Enrichment in the Morenci Porphyry Copper Deposit, Greenlee County, Arizona. PhD Thesis, University of Arizona
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Ord District
        • Ord Mts
          • Ord Mountain
            • Ord Mountain Mine (Ord Mountain Mine System; Ord Mine; Ord Mountain deposits; Osborn; Rio Vista claim; Brilliant claim; Josephine claim; Belgium claim; Copper Junction claim)
Housley R., pers.comm., May 2017
  • Colorado
    • Saguache Co.
      • Bonanza District (Kerber Creek District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Table Mountain District
        • Cottonwood Canyon
          • Bolivia
T. Kennedy collection
    • Esmeralda Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Weepah District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Iron Point District
        • Valmy
Dr. William S. Wise presentation to Northwest Micro Mineral Study Group on 1 May 2004, Update on Mineralogy of the Silver Coin Mine, Iron Point District, Edna Mountains, Humboldt Co., Nevada
    • Lyon Co.
      • Singatse Range
        • Yerington District
Collected by Sugar White.
          • Yerington
Pullman, Steven, and Thomssen, Richard, "Nevada Mineral Locality Index" Rocks & Minerals, Vol. 74 No. 6. pg. 375
    • Pershing Co.
      • Antelope District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 579, 1009.; Ameican Mineralogist, Volume 63, pages 704-708, 1978
"Sigurd Stordal" Collection
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin mining district
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Jenkins, R.E., II: The Picking Table:34(1):6-9 (1993); Dunn(1995):Pt5:639.
  • New Mexico
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Red Cloud District
        • Gallinas Mts
Min Rec 24:5 p383; NMBMGMR Open-file Report - 532
    • Sandoval Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Socorro Co.
      • Hansonburg District
        • Bingham
[O'Donoghue, 1978 - "Encyclopedia of Minerals & Gemstones", p283]
Jason B. Smith specimen
Min News 21:8 p 8
Ray Demark Collection, Don Saathoff Collection
M Massis collection
[MinRec 20:24]; GF Loughlin (1942) Geology and ore deposits of the Magdalena mining district, New Mexico. USGS Professional Paper 200.
        • Magdalena
GF Loughlin (1942) Geology and ore deposits of the Magdalena mining district, New Mexico. USGS Professional Paper 200.
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
          • Mammoth
Dana 7:II:573 & 578.
    • Tooele Co.
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Ophir District
          • Ophir
Brent Thorne collection; Elmar Lackner collection
          • Ophir Hill area
Rocks & Minerals 83:1 pp 52-62; Rocks & Minerals 83:1 pp 52-62
Mineral and/or Locality  
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