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Sylvite

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About SylviteHide

08796830014946374492563.jpg
François Sylvius de le Boe
Formula:
KCl
Colour:
Colourless, grey, white, yellowish to reddish, seldom blue or violet
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
1½ - 2
Specific Gravity:
1.993
Crystal System:
Isometric
Member of:
Name:
From Latin "sal digestibus Sylvii", salts of Sylvius, named after François Sylvius de le Boe (1614-1672), a physician and chemist of Leyden, Netherlands.
May deposit from volcanic gas, as shown in an experiment of Africano et al. (2002), in which it is a predominant precipitate at 550°C.


Classification of SylviteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
3.AA.20

3 : HALIDES
A : Simple halides, without H2O
A : M:X = 1:1, 2:3, 3:5, etc.
9.1.1.2

9 : NORMAL HALIDES
1 : AX
8.1.6

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
1 : Halides of the alkali metals and ammonium

Physical Properties of SylviteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Colourless, grey, white, yellowish to reddish, seldom blue or violet
Streak:
White
Hardness:
1½ - 2 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {001}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
1.993(5) g/cm3 (Measured)    1.987 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of SylviteHide

Type:
Isotropic
RI values:
n = 1.4903
Birefringence:
Isotropic minerals have no birefringence
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
Distinct pleochroism observed in colored crystals with weak anomalous birefringence (especially noted in mechanically deformed crystals).
Comments:
Anomalously anisotropic when strained

Chemical Properties of SylviteHide

Formula:
KCl
CAS Registry number:
7447-40-7

CAS Registry numbers are published by the American Chemical Society
Common Impurities:
Br,CO2=C,O

Crystallography of SylviteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Fm3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.2931 Å
Unit Cell V:
249.23 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Crystals cubic; cubooctahedral or octahedral habits less common. Massive, coarsely granular to compact. Columnar structure rare; as crusts.
Twinning:
On {111} (artificial crystals only).

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0003201SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020040298
0003202SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020040.04309
0003203SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020040373
0003204SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020040.19373
0003205SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020040.39373
0003206SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020040.86373
0003207SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020041.5373
0003208SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020040473
0003209SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020040.31473
0003210SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020040.55473
0003211SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020041.02473
0003212SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020041.57473
0003213SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020040573
0003214SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020040.67573
0003215SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020041.17573
0003216SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020041.62573
0003217SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020040673
0003218SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020040.61673
0003219SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020040.86673
0003220SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020041.34673
0003221SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020041.65673
0003222SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020040773
0003223SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020040.89773
0003224SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020041.5773
0003225SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020041.71773
0003226SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020040873
0003227SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020040.99873
0003228SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020041.73873
0003229SylviteWalker D, Verma P K, Cranswick L M D, Jones R L, Clark S M, Buhre S (2004) Halite-sylvite thermoelasticity American Mineralogist 89 204-21020041.73873
0011329SylviteWyckoff R W G (1963) Second edition. Interscience Publishers, New York, New York rocksalt structure Crystal Structures 1 85-23719630293
0011994SylviteAhtee M (1969) Lattice constants of some binary alkali halide solid solutions. Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae Series A6: Physica 313 1-1119690293
0012650SylviteWill G (1981) Energiedispersion und Synchrotronstrahlung: Eine neue Methode und eine neue Strahlenquelle fuer die Roentgenbeugung _cod_database_code 1000050 Fortschritte der Mineralogie 59 31-9419810293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Epitaxial Relationships of SylviteHide

Epitaxial Minerals:
Epitaxy Comments:
Hematite inclusions with {0001} of hematite parallel to {001}, {111}, or {011} of halite. Minute halite inclusions oriented in parallel position to the sylvite.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Evaporites in sedimentary basins, sublimate in volcanic fumaroles, burning coal.

Type Occurrence of SylviteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Evaporite deposit

Synonyms of SylviteHide

Other Language Names for SylviteHide

Varieties of SylviteHide

Bromian SylviteA Br-bearing variety (2-6 wt.% Br), synthetic: experimentally deposited from volcanic (Iodake crater, Satsuma-Ioujima) gas in silica tubes (850oC at the inlet).
Rubidian SylviteA variety containing 0.5 wt.% Rb, synthetic: deposited from fumarolic gas of Iodake crater, Satsuma-Ioujima volcano, in silica tubes (850oC at the inlet).

Relationship of Sylvite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
CarobbiiteKFIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
GriceiteLiFIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
HaliteNaClIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
VilliaumiteNaFIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m

Common AssociatesHide

AnhydriteCaSO4
CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
HaliteNaCl
KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
58 photos of Sylvite associated with HaliteNaCl
6 photos of Sylvite associated with CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
5 photos of Sylvite associated with Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
4 photos of Sylvite associated with YtterbiumYb
4 photos of Sylvite associated with MolybdenumMo
3 photos of Sylvite associated with LangbeiniteK2Mg2(SO4)3
2 photos of Sylvite associated with Congolite(Fe2+,Mg)3(B7O13)Cl
2 photos of Sylvite associated with Glass
2 photos of Sylvite associated with SaltonseaiteK3NaMnCl6
1 photo of Sylvite associated with AnhydriteCaSO4

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.AA.Brontesite(NH4)3PbCl5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.AA.05MarshiteCuIIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
3.AA.05Miersite(Ag,Cu)IIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
3.AA.05NantokiteCuClIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
3.AA.05UM1999-11:I:CuSCu(I,S)
3.AA.10IodargyriteAgIHex. 6mm : P6mm
3.AA.10Tocornalite(Ag,Hg)I
3.AA.15BromargyriteAgBrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.AA.15ChlorargyriteAgClIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.AA.20CarobbiiteKFIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
3.AA.20GriceiteLiFIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.AA.20HaliteNaClIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.AA.20VilliaumiteNaFIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.AA.25SalammoniacNH4ClIso. 4 3 2
3.AA.25UM1998-03-Cl:TlTlCl
3.AA.25LafossaiteTl(Cl,Br)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
3.AA.30Calomel[Hg2]2+Cl2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
3.AA.30Kuzminite[Hg2]2+(Br,Cl)2Tet.
3.AA.30Moschelite[Hg2]2+I2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
3.AA.35NeighboriteNaMgF3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.AA.40ChlorocalciteKCaCl3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.AA.45KolaritePbTeCl2Orth.
3.AA.50RadhakrishnaitePbTe3(Cl,S)2Tet.
3.AA.55ChallacolloiteKPb2Cl5Mon. 2/m : P21/b
3.AA.60HephaistositeTlPb2Cl5Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

9.1.1.1HaliteNaClIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
9.1.1.3VilliaumiteNaFIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
9.1.1.4CarobbiiteKFIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
9.1.1.5GriceiteLiFIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

8.1.1GriceiteLiFIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
8.1.2VilliaumiteNaFIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
8.1.3HaliteNaClIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
8.1.4HydrohaliteNaCl · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.1.5CarobbiiteKFIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
8.1.7SalammoniacNH4ClIso. 4 3 2

Other InformationHide

Thermal Behaviour:
Melts at 790°. Highly diathermanous.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
Source for potassium

Sylvite in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for SylviteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Smithson, J. (1823) A discovery of chloride of potassium in the Earth. The Annals of Philosophy: 6: 258-259.
Beudant, F.S. (1832) Sylvine, muriate de potasse. in Traité Élémentaire de Minéralogie, 2nd Edition, (Paris): 511-511.
Bischoff (1865) Berg.- und hüttenmännisches Zeitung, Freiberg, Leipzig: 24: 276.
Bischoff (1865) Ann. Chem. Phys.: 5: 318.
Zinken (1865) Berg.- und hüttenmännisches Zeitung, Freiberg, Leipzig: 24: 79.
Rubens and Snow (1892) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 46: 529.
Rubens et al (1897) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 60: 418.
Martens (1902) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 8: 459.
Johnston-Lavis (1906) Nature: 74: 174.
Bragg (1913) Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: 89: 448.
Strukturber (1931) 1: 105.
Panichi U. (1933) Sul dimorfismo del salgemma e della silvite. Periodico di Mineralogia: 25-33.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II: 7-9.
Bedarida F., Della Giusta A. (1970) Dislocazioni a vite in cristalli aciculari di KCl; effeti sulle misure delle intensita dei raggi X. Periodico di mineralogia: 137-143.
Cooper, M.J., Rouse, K.D. (1973) A neutron diffraction study of KCl. Acta Crystallographica: A29: 514-520.
Africano, F., Van Rompaey, G., Bernard, A., Le Guern, F. (2002): Deposition of trace elements from high temperature gases of Satsuma-Iwojima volcano. Earth Planets Space: 54: 275-286.

Internet Links for SylviteHide

Localities for SylviteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Princess Elizabeth Land
      • Ingrid Christensen Coast
Gore, D.B., Nichols, G.T., Lehmann, C.E.R., Burgess, J.S., Baird, A.S.&, Creagh, D.C. (2000) An atlas of surficial salts of the Vestfold Hills, East Antarctica: composition, distribution and origin ANARE Report 143. 146 pp
    • Queen Maud Land
      • Lützow-Holm Bay
        • East Ongul Island
Watanuki/ Torii/ Nishiyama/ Morikawa, 1979
    • Victoria Land
      • Ross Archipelago
        • Ross Island
Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
  • Western Antarctica
    • Antarctic Peninsula
      • South Shetland Islands
Viramonte, J.G., Sureda, R.J., Bossi, G.E., Fourcade, N.H., Omarini, R.H., Geochemical and mineralogical study of the high temperature fumaroles from Decepcion Island, South Shetland, Antarctica. Inst. Assoc. of Volc. and chemistry of the erath interior. Symposium Andean and Antarctic Volcanology Problems. Chile (1974).
Argentina
 
  • Mendoza Province
    • Malargüe Department
Benedetto, C., Forti, P., Galli, E., & Rossi, A. (1998). Chemical deposits in volcanic caves of Argentina. International Journal of Speleology, 27(1), 16.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Westmoreland Co.
Podgson RE, Osborne RAL, Colchester DM, Minerals of Jenolan Caves, New South Wales, Australia: Geological and Biological Interactions, Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 134, 1-18.
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
Birch BH Book
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Rosebud Station
        • Mary Kathleen district
T.Kwak & P.Abeysinghe: "Rare earth and uranium minera;s present as daughter crystals in fluid inclusions, Mary Kathleen U-REE skarn, Queensland, Australia: Mineralogical Magazine 51,665-670(1987)
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Waratah district
        • Waratah
Bottrill, unpub.
  • Western Australia
    • Dundas Shire
      • North Haig
        • Sleeper Camp
Berkley, J., Jeffrey, G., Keil, K. & Healey, J. T. (1978) Fluorescent accessory phases in the carbonaceous matrix of ureilites: Geophysical Research Letters (5):1075-1078. (Dec 1978).
Austria
 
  • Burgenland
    • Neusiedl am See District
      • Illmitz
A.Csaplovics (2014)
A.Csaplovics (2014)
A.Csaplovics (2014)
A.Csaplovics (2014)
      • Sankt Andrä am Zicksee
A.Csaplovics (2014)
  • Salzburg
    • Hallein District
      • Abtenau
        • Webing
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
    • St. Johann im Pongau District
      • Bad Gastein
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
  • Tyrol
    • Innsbruck-Land District
      • Hall
        • Hall valley
Spötl (1989)
  • Upper Austria
    • Gmunden District
      • Hallstatt
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Belarus
 
  • Minsk Region
    • Pripyat Depression
Fizykochemiczne Problemy Mineralurgii, 32 (1998), 275–280; Russian Journal of Earth Sciences Vol. 6, No. 3, June 2004 ; USGS MRDS database potash: https://mrdata.usgs.gov/potash/show-potash.php?rec_no=55
Belgium
 
  • Wallonia
    • Hainaut
      • Saint-Ghislain
Demaiffe, D. & Dejonghe, L. (1991) Géochimie isotopique du strontium des barites, anhydrites, calcites et fluorites de Belgique. Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique, T. 113, 231-240.
Bolivia
 
  • Oruro
    • Sabaya Province
Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
  • Potosí
    • Nor Lípez Province
Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
    • Sud Lípez Province
Bentz, J. L., & Peterson, R. C. (2017). Realgar and hörnesite precipitation in an iron-poor, sulfate-rich Mudflat, Laguna Chiar Khota, Bolivia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 55(6), 1009-1025.
Bentz, J. (2017). Analysis of Clay Minerals in the Mudflats of Sulfate-Rich Saline Lakes (Doctoral dissertation Queens University Canada).
Bentz, J. (2017). Analysis of Clay Minerals in the Mudflats of Sulfate-Rich Saline Lakes (Doctoral dissertation Queens University Canada).
Botswana
 
  • North-West District
McCarthy, T.S., McIver, J.R. and Cairncross, B. (1986). Carbonate accumulations on islands in the Okavango Delta. South African Journal of Science, vol. 82, No. 10, 588-591.
Brazil
 
  • Mato Grosso
    • Juína kimberlite field
      • Juína
Kaminsky, F.V., Wirth, R., Schreiber, A. (2013): Carbonatitic inclusions in deep mantle diamond from Juina, Brazil: new minerals in the carbonate-halide association. Can. Mineral. 51, 669-688.
Kaminsky, F. V., Ryabchikov, I. D., & Wirth, R. (2015). A primary natrocarbonatitic association in the Deep Earth. Mineralogy and Petrology, 1-12.
  • São Paulo
    • Cajati
Costanzo, A., Moore, K. R., Wall, F., & Feely, M. (2006). Fluid inclusions in apatite from Jacupiranga calcite carbonatites: evidence for a fluid-stratified carbonatite magma chamber. Lithos, 91(1), 208-228.
da Silva, M. A., Schreiber, B. C., & dos Santos, C. L. (2000). Evaporitos Como Recursos Minerais. Brazilian Journal of Geophysics, 18, 3.
    • Rosário do Catete
http://www.cetem.gov.br/publicacao/CTs/CT2002-158-00.pdf
Canada
 
  • Manitoba
    • Elice RM
B.B. Bannatyne (1983) Devonian Potash Deposits in Manitoba. Manitoba Geological Survey Open File Report 83-3
B.B. Bannatyne (1983) Devonian Potash Deposits in Manitoba. Manitoba Geological Survey Open File Report 83-3
  • New Brunswick
    • Kings Co.
      • Cardwell Parish
        • Penobsquis
Roulston, B.V., Waugh, D.C.E. (1981) A borate mineral assemblage from Penobsquis and Salt Springs evaporite deposits of southern New Brunswick. The Canadian Mineralogist: 19: 291-301.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (1998) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 83: 400-403.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Lac de Gras
Sharygin, I. S., Golovin, A. V., Korsakov, A. V., & Pokhilenko, N. P. (2013). Eitelite in sheared peridotite xenoliths from Udachnaya-East kimberlite pipe (Russia)–a new locality and host rock type. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(5), 825-834.
Kamenetsky, V. S., Grütter, H., Kamenetsky, M. B., & Gömann, K. (2013). Parental carbonatitic melt of the Koala kimberlite (Canada): constraints from melt inclusions in olivine and Cr-spinel, and groundmass carbonate. Chemical Geology, 353, 96-111.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
Rickaby, H.C. (1923) The Mineral Association of the Salt Deposits at Malagash, N.S. University of Toronto Studies, Geological Series: 16: 46-52. Ellsworth, H.V. (1926) Chemistry of the potash-bearing horizon of the Malagash salt deposit, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Summary Report, part C, 1924: 181-198.
      • Pugwash
Boehner, R.C. (1986) Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia. Nova Scotia Department of Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5.
  • Québec
    • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine
      • Les Îles-de-la-Madeleine TE
        • Grosse Île
Sabina, A.P. (2003) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Îles de la Madeleine, Québec, the Island of Newfoundland, and Labrador. GSC Misc. Report 58, 19-21p.
    • Laurentides
      • Deux-Montagnes RCM
        • Oka
Chen, W., Kamenetsky, V. S., & Simonetti, A. (2013). Evidence for the alkaline nature of parental carbonatite melts at Oka complex in Canada. Nature communications, 4, ncomms3687.
  • Saskatchewan
Joel Grice (1989) Famous Mineral Localities of Canada. Fitzhenry & Whiteside, Markham Ontario 190pp
McIntosh, R.A., Wardlaw, N.C. (1968) Barren halite bodies in the sylvinite mining zone at Esterhazy, Saskatchewan. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 5(5), 1221-1238.; Holter, M.E. (1969) The middle Devonian prairie evaporite of Saskatchewan. Saskatchewan Department of Mineral Resources, Geological Sciences Branch, Industrial Minerals Division, Report 123.; Grice, Joel D. (1989) Esterhazy, Saskatchewan: A Mineral Source to Save the World. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 52-57; 152.
    • Rocanville
Collection of NHM, Vienna
Cape Verde
 
  • Sotavento Islands
    • Fogo Island
Universidade de Evora
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Chuquicamata District
Cameron, E.M., Leybourne, M.I., and Palacios, C. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 205-218.
TESIS PARA OPTAR AL GRADO DE MAGÍSTER EN CIENCIAS, MENCIÓN GEOLOGÍA MEMORIA PARA OPTAR AL TÍTULO DE GEÓLOGO CONSTANZA BEATRIZ NICOLAU DEL ROURE EYLERTS, 2013
    • Tocopilla Province
      • María Elena
        • Oficina María Elena
Collao, S., Arce, E., & Andía, A. (2002). Mineralogia, Quimica E Inclusiones Fluidas En Los Depositos DE Nitratos DE Maria Elena, IIa. Region, Chile. Boletín de la Sociedad Chilena de Química, 47(2), 181-190.
China
 
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Baotou City (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo mining district
        • Bayan Obo
H.-R. Fan et al.: International Geology Review 46(7):638-648 (2004)
  • Liaoning
    • Dalian
      • Wafangdian City
Huifang Liu (2002): Geological Science and Technology Information 21(2), 51-54
  • Qinghai
    • Hainan
Sun Da-peng, Li Bing-xiao, Ma Yua-hua, and Lin Qun-zhu (2002): Journal of Salt Lake Research 10(4), 1-12; Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    • Haixi Mongol and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Da Qaidam (Dachaidan Co.)
Xiyu Zheng (1994): Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275; Youde Ma (2006): Journal of Salt Lake Research 14(1), 14-28
      • Golmud City (Ge'ermu Co.)
Dongsheng Hu (1990): Scientia Geologica Sinica 3(7), 259-268
Botao Li, Yuanyi Zhao, Zuohua Qian, Pengcheng Jiao, Chenglin Liu, and Shijun Wang (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(4), 669-683; Yuanyi Zhao, Botao Li, Pengcheng Jiao, Zuohua Qian, and Weishi Chen (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(4), 684-696
Min Mo, Shuqi Gu, Wenzhong Zheng, and Huanzhu Lin (1986): Geological Review 51(2), 160-164; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
      • Mangnai City (Mangya Co.)
Mily Wang, Yijie Wang, Chenglin Liu, and Yongzhi Chen (1993): Acta Geoscientica Sinica 15(1); Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
        • Lenghu Co.
Xiyu Zheng (1994): Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275
Xiying Zhang, Haizhou Ma, Donglin Gao, Minggang Zhang, and Tao Wang (2007): Journal of Salt Lake Research 15(2), 12-20.
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
Yuhua Chen, Heran Yuan, and Zhiyue Du (1998): Geological Review 44(1), 100-105
  • Shandong
    • Linyi
      • Mengyin County
        • Mengyin Kimberlite field
          • Changma Kimberlite belt
Gorshkov, A.I., Titkov, S.V., Yan Nan Bao, Ryabchikov, I.D., and Magazina, L.O. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(4), 326-334
  • Tibet
    • Nagchu Prefecture (Naqu Prefecture)
      • Nyima Co. (Nima Co.)
Qian Wu, Mianping Zheng, Zhen Nie, and Lingzhong Bu (2013): Chinese Journal of Inorganic Chemistry 29(1), 36-44
      • Shuanghu Co.
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
    • Xigazê Prefecture (Rikaze Prefecture; Shigatse Prefecture)
      • Zhongba Co.
Yong-Sheng Zhang, Mian-Ping Zheng, Zhen Nie, and Ling-Zhong Bu (2005): Sea-lake Salt and Chemical Industry [Yanye Yu Huagong] 34(4), 1-5.
  • Xinjiang
    • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Ruoqiang Co. (Qakilik Co.; Chaqiliq Co.)
Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Yizhou District
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    • Tulufan Prefecture (Turfan Prefecture; Turpan Prefecture)
      • Gaochang District
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
      • Shanshan Co. (Piqan Co.; Pichan Co.)
        • Kanggur-Xifengshan gold belt
Kaiyin Bai and Zhaoxin Han (2007): Northwestern Geology 40(2), 114-117
  • Yunnan
    • Nujiang
Chunji Xue, Rong Zeng, Shuwen Liu, Guoxiang Chi, Hairuo Qing, Yuchuan Chen, Jianmin Yang, and Denghong Wang (2006): Ore Geology Reviews (in press).
    • Pu'er
      • Jiangcheng County
Weihao Yue, Jianguo Gao, Yuncan Li, Yinghui Liu, and Xinkai Liu (2011): Geology and Exploration 47(5), 809-822; Li, M., Yan, M., Wang, Z., Liu, X., Fang, X., & Li, J. (2015). The origins of the Mengye potash deposit in the Lanping–Simao Basin, Yunnan Province, Western China. Ore Geology Reviews, 69, 174-186.; 高翔, 方勤方, 姚薇, 彭强, 董娟, 秦红, & 邸迎伟. (2013). 云南兰坪-思茅盆地勐野井钾盐矿床物质组分对成因的指示. 地球学报, 34(5), 529-536.
DR Congo
 
  • North Kivu
    • Nyiragongo Territory
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980
Ethiopia
 
  • Afar Region
Holwerda, J. G., & Hutchinson, R. W. (1968). Potash-bearing evaporites in the Danakil area, Ethiopia. Economic Geology, 63(2), 124-150.
Hovland, Martin & Rueslatten, Hakon & Johnsen, Hans. (2019) Salt Formation, Accumulation, and Expulsion Processes During Ocean Rifting—New Insight Gained from the Red Sea. 10.1007/978-3-319-99408-6_11.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 94.
Finland
 
  • Lapland
    • Savukoski
      • Tulppio
http://gac.esd.mun.ca/gac_2004/search_abs/sub_program.asp?sess=98&form=10&abs_no=136
France
 
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Thann-Guebwiller
Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
    • Moselle
      • Sarrebourg-Château-Salins
No reference listed
  • Occitanie
    • Gard
      • Alès
        • Saint-Julien-les-Rosiers
De Ascenção Guedes R. (2006) La calcite et la fluorite de Saint-Julien-les-Rosiers (Gard). Le Règne Minéral, 69, 8-20. (in French)
  • Réunion
Vlastélic, I., Staudacher, T., Deniel, C., Devidal, J. L., Devouard, B., Finizola, A., & Telouk, P. (2013). Lead isotopes behavior in the fumarolic environment of the Piton de la Fournaise volcano (Reunion Island). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 100, 297-314.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
      • Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald
        • Buggingen
Braitsch, O., Gunzert, G., Wimmenauer, W., and Thiel, R. (1964): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 10, 111-124.
  • Hesse
    • Kassel Region
      • Fulda
        • Neuhof
Krah, O., (1988): Beobachtungen beim Durchbruch eines Basaltganges durch das Kalilager vom Werk Neuhof-Ellers, Der Aufschluss Vol. 39 (2), 103-113
      • Hersfeld-Rotenburg
        • Heringen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Phillippsthal
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Celle District
      • Wathlingen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Göttingen District
      • Bovenden
        • Reyershausen
Niemann, H. (1960): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 7, 137-165.
    • Hanover Region
      • Lehrte
Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Ronnenberg
Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Uetze
        • Hänigsen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; Krupp, R. E. (2005). Formation and chemical evolution of magnesium chloride brines by evaporite dissolution processes—Implications for evaporite geochemistry. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 69(17), 4283-4299.
      • Wunstorf
        • Bokeloh
https://mrdata.usgs.gov/potash/show-potash.php?rec_no=321
    • Lüneburg District
      • Lüneburg
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Northeim District
      • Uslar
        • Volpriehausen
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 87.
  • Mecklenburg-West Pomerania
    • Ludwigslust-Parchim
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York: 9.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Cologne
      • Aachen
        • Alsdorf
T. Witzke, F. de Wit, U. Kolitsch and G. Blaß (2015): Mineralogy of the Burning Anna I Coal Mine Dump, Alsdorf, Germany. Chapter 7, 203-240; in: Stracher, G. B., Prakash, A. and Sokol, E. V.: Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volume 3: Case Studies - Coal Fires, Elsevier.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Mayen-Koblenz District
      • Mendig
        • Mendig
Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (14), Mineralien-Welt 6/4, 37, 1995
Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (14), Mineralien-Welt 6/4, 37, 1995
          • Wingertsberg
Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (14), Mineralien-Welt 6/4, 37, 1995
      • Pellenz
        • Kruft
Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (14), Mineralien-Welt 6/4, 37, 1995
    • Südwestpfalz District
      • Hauenstein
        • Wilgartswiesen
Frenzel, Gerhard (1964): Im Buntsandstein des Pfälzerwaldes, Aufschluss 15, 175-200
Frenzel, Gerhard (1964): Im Buntsandstein des Pfälzerwaldes, Aufschluss 15, 175-200
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Börde
      • Ingersleben
        • Morsleben
http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Sachsen-Anhalt/B%C3%B6rde/Morsleben/Schacht%20Marie
      • Zielitz
Leon Hupperichs Collection
    • Stassfurt Potash deposit
      • Aschersleben
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 376.
      • Bernburg
Witzke, T. (2012): Gillardit, Cu3Ni(OH)6Cl2, und Avdoninit, K2Cu5Cl8(OH)4 • H2O, zwei Neufunde von Bernburg, Sachsen-Anhalt. Aufschluss 63, 209-211.
      • Egeln
        • Tarthun
No reference listed
Naumann, Zirkel: "Elemente der Mineralogie", 13th Ed., 1898
      • Stassfurt
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York: 8.
  • Thuringia
    • Kyffhäuser District
      • Sondershausen
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York: 8.
    • Nordhausen District
Effmert, G.; Wurth, L. (2007): Bleicherode, Thüringen: Ein Feuerwerk von Gips-Kristallen, Mineralien-Welt 6/2007, p.42-47.
Effmert, G. & Wurth, L. (2007). Bleicherode, Thüringen: Ein Feuerwerk von Gips-Kristallen. Mineralien-Welt, Jg.18, Nr.6, S.42-47.
BOEKE, H.E. (1909): Rinneit, ein neugefundenes eisenchlorürhaltiges Salzmineral.- Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, 72-75
Leon Hupperichs Collection
      • Sollstedt
http://www.harzergruben.de/Kali/Bernterode/bernterode_neu.htm
    • Wartburg District
      • Krayenberggemeinde
W.I. Borrisenkow (1968) Zeitschr. für angewandte Geologie 14, 7-10
Greece
 
  • North Aegean
    • Samos
Helvaci, C., Stamatakis, M. G., Zagouroglou, C., & Kanaris, J. (1993). Borate minerals and related authigenic silicates in northeastern Mediterranean Late Miocene continental basins. Exploration and Mining Geology, 2(2), 171-178.
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County
    • Tokaj District
      • Erdőbénye
Society of Economic Geologists Student Chapter University of Miskolc (2018) Short course – Industrial minerals in the NE part of Hungary. Telkibánya November 5–8. 2018.
Iceland
 
  • Southern Region
    • Vestmannaeyjar
      • Vestmannaeyjar archipelago (Westman islands)
        • Heimaey island
Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
India
 
  • Rajasthan
    • Nagaur District
Sinha, R., & Smykatz-Kloss, W. (2003). Thermal characterization of lacustrine dolomites from the Sambhar Lake playa, Thar desert, India. Journal of thermal analysis and calorimetry, 71(3), 739-750.
Indonesia
 
  • Special Region of Yogyakarta
    • Gunung Merapi volcano (Mt Merapi)
Symonds, R. (1993): Scanning electron microscope observations of Merapi Volcano, Indonesia. Geochemical Journal: 26: 337-350
Iran
 
  • Hormozgan Province
    • Khamir County
Talbot, C., Farhadi, R., and Aftabi, P. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 352-366.
Israel
 
  • Northern District (HaZafon District)
    • Northern Jordan Valley
Cowgill, U.M. (1989): A naturally occurring alpha magnesium oxalate dihydrate from the northern Jordan Valley (Israel). Mineralogical Magazine: 53: 505-507
Italy
 
  • Apulia
    • Metropolitan City of Bari
      • Molfetta
        • Pulo di Molfetta
Laviano R. (2007): Il Pulo di Molfetta: origine dei depositi di nitrati. In: Radina F. (Editor), Natura, archeologia e storia del Pulo di Molfetta. Mario Adda Editore, Bari, 183-189.
  • Calabria
    • Cosenza Province
      • Cassano all'Ionio (Cassano allo Ionio)
Catalano, M., Bloise, A., Miriello, D., Apollaro, C., Critelli, T., Muto, F., Cazzanelli, E., and Barrese, E. (2014) The mineralogical study of the Grotta Inferiore di Sant’Angelo (southern Italy). Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, 76, 1, 51-61.
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Bacoli
Fedele L., Tarzia M., Belkin H.E., De Vivo B., Lima A., Lowenstern J.B. (2006): Magmatic–hydrothermal fluid interaction and mineralization in alkali-syenite nodules from the Breccia Museo pyroclastic deposit, Naples, Italy. In: De Vivo B. (ed.), Volcanism in the Campania Plain: Vesuvius, Campi Flegrei and Ignimbrites. Developments in Volcanology, vol. 9, Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, pages 125-161.
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
        • Boscotrecase
Parascandola, A. (1959) Notizie vesuviane. Il Vesuvio dal marzo 1948 al dicembre 1958. Bollettino della Società dei Naturalisti in Napoli, 68, 184-340.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York: 9.; Balassone, G.; Petti, C.; Mondillo, N.; Panikorovskii, T.L.; de Gennaro, R.; Cappelletti, P.; Altomare, A.; Corriero, N.; Cangiano, M.; D’Orazio, L. (2019) Copper Minerals at Vesuvius Volcano (Southern Italy): A Mineralogical Review. Minerals 9, 730.
Pelloux, A. (1927) The minerals of Vesuvius. American Mineralogist, 12, 14–21; Parascandola, A. (1959) Notizie vesuviane. Il Vesuvio dal marzo 1948 al dicembre 1958. Bollettino della Società dei Naturalisti in Napoli, 68, 184-340; Parascandola, A. (1960) Notizie vesuviane. Il Vesuvio dal gennaio 1959 al dicembre 1960. Bollettino della Società dei Naturalisti in Napoli, 69, 263–298; Russo, M., and Punzo, I. (2004) I Minerali del Somma-Vesuvio. AMI Associazione Micro-mineralogica Italiana, Tipografia Fantigrafica s.r.l., Cremona, 320 pp.
        • Ottaviano
Parascandola, A. (1959) Notizie vesuviane. Il Vesuvio dal marzo 1948 al dicembre 1958. Bollettino della Società dei Naturalisti in Napoli, 68, 184-340; Parascandola, A. (1960) Notizie vesuviane. Il Vesuvio dal gennaio 1959 al dicembre 1960. Bollettino della Società dei Naturalisti in Napoli, 69, 263–298.
  • Sicily
    • Agrigento Province
      • Racalmuto
        • Racalmuto saliferous deposit
Adamo S., Ramberti L. (1979): L'industria estrattiva del potassio in Italia. L'Industria Mineraria, 30, maggio-giugno 1979, 161-170.
Adamo S., Ramberti L. (1979): L'industria estrattiva del potassio in Italia. L'Industria Mineraria, 30, maggio-giugno 1979, 161-170.
Jervis G. (1881): I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 3: Regioni delle Isole. Sardegna e Sicilia. Addenda ai precedenti volumi. Loescher, Torino, XXII+539 pp.; De Michele V. (1974): Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol., 408 pp.
Jervis G. (1881): I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 3: Regioni delle Isole. Sardegna e Sicilia. Addenda ai precedenti volumi. Loescher, Torino, XXII+539 pp.; De Michele V. (1974): Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol., 408 pp.
    • Caltanissetta Province
Jervis, G. (1881) I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 3: Regioni delle Isole. Sardegna e Sicilia. Addenda ai precedenti volumi. Loescher, Torino, XXII+539 pp.
        • Belici salt deposit
Jervis, G. (1873) I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 1: Regioni delle Alpi. Ed. Loescher, Torino, Ermanno Loescher, Torino, XV+410 pp.; Mezzadri, P. (1988) La serie gessoso solfifera della Sicilia e altre memorie geo-minerarie. Roberto De Nicola Editore, Roma, 874 pp.
      • San Cataldo (San Cattaldo)
Roda, C. (1970) Salgemma, sali potassici e zolfo in Italia. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali in Catania, 10, 5, 364-378; Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., and Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Adamo, S., and Ramberti, L. (1979) L'industria estrattiva del potassio in Italia. L'Industria Mineraria, 30, maggio-giugno 1979, 161-170; Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E., and Vignola, P. (1996) Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work Italiana Editrice, Bresso (Milano), 800 pp.
    • Enna Province
      • Calascibetta
Jervis G. (1881): I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 3: Regioni delle Isole. Sardegna e Sicilia. Addenda ai precedenti volumi. Loescher, Torino, XXII+539 pp.
      • Enna (Castrogiovanni)
Roda, C. (1970) Salgemma, sali potassici e zolfo in Italia. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali in Catania, 10, 5, 364-378; Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Adamo, S., Ramberti, L. (1979) L'industria estrattiva del potassio in Italia. L'Industria Mineraria, 30, maggio-giugno 1979, 161-170; Mezzadri, P. (1988) Catalogo e descrizione sintetica dei giacimenti salini in Italia. In: La serie gessoso solfifera della Sicilia e altre memorie geo-minerarie. Roberto De Nicola Editore, Roma, 259-412; Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E., Vignola, P. (1996) Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work Italiana Editrice, Bresso (Milano), 800 pp.
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
          • Vulcano Island
Italo Campostrini list - 2008
    • Metropolitan City of Catania
      • Etna Volcanic Complex
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York: 9; AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.; Toutain, J. P., Quisefit, J. P., Briole, P., Aloupogiannis, P., Blanc, P., & Robaye, G. (1995). Mineralogy and chemistry of solid aerosols emitted from Mount Etna. Geochemical Journal, 29(3), 163-173.
www.cse.speleo.it
    • Syracuse Province
      • Buscemi
Manuella, F.C. (2011) Vein mineral assemblage in partially serpentinized peridotite xenoliths from Hyblean Plateau (south-eastern Sicily, Italy). Periodico di Mineralogia, 80, 2, 247-266.
Japan
 
  • Fukushima Prefecture
    • Minamisōma City
Seki, Y., Hirano, T., & Watanabe, K. (1987). Salt crystallization decay and water-rock interaction of rock-cliff Budda sculptures at Yakushido Temple of Odaka Town, Fukushima, Japan. The Journal of the Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 82(7), 269-279.
  • Kagoshima Prefecture
    • Kagoshima District
      • Mishima village
(E. Nitta, M. Kimata, M. Hoshino, T. Echigo, S. Hamasaki, H. Shinohara, N. Nishida, T. Hatta, M. Shimizu (2006) “High-temperature sublimate minerals from Iwodake volcano, Satsuma-Iwojima, Kyusyu, Southwestern Japan.” –oral presentation at IMA meeting in Kobe.)
E. Nitta, M. Kimata, M. Hoshino, T. Echigo, S. Hamasaki, H. Shinohara, N. Nishida, T. Hatta, M. Shimizu (2006) “High-temperature sublimate minerals from Iwodake volcano, Satsuma-Iwojima, Kyusyu, Southwestern Japan.” –oral presentation at IMA meeting in Kobe.
Nitta, E., Kimata, M., Hoshino, M., Echigo, T. Hamasaki, S., Shinohara, H., Nishida, N., Hatta, T., Shimizu, M. (2006) High-temperature sublimate minerals from Iwodake volcano, Satsuma-Iwojima, Kyusyu, Southwestern Japan. Japanese Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 35: 270-281.
  • Tokyo Metropolis
    • Ōshima Subprefecture
      • Oshima
        • Oshima Island
Dr. Kinichi Sakurai collection
Kazakhstan
 
  • Aktobe Region
    • Aktobe
ERCOSPAN (2011) Independent Geological Report on the Zhilianskoe and Chelkar Potash Deposits in Kazakhstan EGB 11-012
    • Shalkar
      • Aksai Valley
ERCOSPAN (2011) Independent Geological Report on the Zhilianskoe and Chelkar Potash Deposits in Kazakhstan EGB 11-012; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Ksenofontov, D.A., Chukanov, N.V. 2, Yapaskurt, V.O., Korotchenkova, O.V., Chaikovskiy, I.I., Bocharov, V.M., Britvin, S.N., and Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2017): Redefinition of satimolite. Mineralogical Magazine,
  • Atyrau Region
    • Inder
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30; Pekov, I. V. & Abramov, D. V. (1993): Boron deposit of the Inder and its minerals. World of Stones, 1, 23-30.
Kenya
 
  • Trans-Nzoia County
    • Mount Elgon
Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Laos
 
  • Khammouane Province
    • Thakhek District
Xiying Zhang, Haizhou Ma, Hongbing Tan, Donglin Gao, Binkai Li, Mingxiang Wang, Qiliang Tang, and Xiaolong Yuan (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(4), 713-721; GAO, X., CAI, K. Q., LI, D. R., PENG, Q., FANG, Q. F., & QIN, H. (2012). Mineralogical and geochemical characteristics and genesis of the potassium-magnesium salt deposit in Khammouan Province, Laos [J]. Acta Petrologica Et Mineralogica, 4, 011.
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Aquiles Serdán Municipality
      • Santa Eulalia Mining District
        • East Camp
Megaw, P.K.M., 1990b, Geology and geochemistry of the Santa Eulalia mining district, Chihuahua, Mexico.: Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Arizona, 549 p
  • Coahuila
    • Cuatro Ciénegas Municipality
      • Cuatro Ciénegas (Cuatrociénegas de Carranza; Venustiano Carranza)
        • Limestone caves
Forti, P. et al. (2006): ACTA CARSOLOGICA 35/1, 79–98.
  • Mexico
    • Zacazonapan Municipality
Bull. Minéral. , 1984, 107, pp. 285-305.
Morocco
 
  • Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra Region
    • Tarfaya Province
A. J. Irving, T. E. Bunch, Alan E. Rubin & John T. Wasson (2010). Northwest Africa 2828/Al Haggounia 001 is a Weathered, Unequilibrated EL Chondrite: Trace Element and Petrologic Evidence. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, Vol. 45, p. A90. [Supplement]
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Walvis Bay Rural (Walvisbaai)
      • Okahandja Lineament Playas
Eckardt, F. D., & Drake, N. (2010). Introducing the Namib Desert Playas. In Sabkha Ecosystems (pp. 19-25). Springer Netherlands.
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Omatako
      • Kalkfeld
American Mineralogist, Vol. 84, pp. 1117-1125, 1999.; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
    • Otjiwarongo
Buhn, B., Rankin, A.H., Schneider, J. and Dulski, P. (2002). The nature of orthomagmatic carbonatitic fluids precipitating REE, Sr-rich fluorite: fluid-inclusion evidence from the Okorusu fluorite deposit, Namibia. Chemical Geology, 186, 75-98.
Netherlands
 
  • Gelderland
    • Winterswijk
      • Ratum
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
  • Groningen
    • Groningen Municipality
      • Zuidwending
http://nlog.nitg.tno.nl/resources/zout/0310300%20Zuidwending%20openbaar%20scan.pdf
New Zealand
 
  • Waikato Region
    • Hauraki District
      • Paeroa
Simpson, M.P., Mauk, J.L., Kendrick, R.G. (2004) Telescoped porphyry-style and epithermal veins and alteration at the central Maratoto valley prospect, Hauraki Goldfield, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 47:1, 39-56. http://www.rsnz.org/publish/nzjgg/2004/009.php http://crownminerals.med.govt.nz/minerals/docs/nzmining/nzmining_up014.pdf http://members.segweb.org/PDF97-2/269_Brth.pdf
Niger
 
  • Agadez
Saidou, H., Hamzaoui, A. H., & Mnif, A. (2015). Insoluble Content, Ionic Composition, Density, and X-Ray Diffraction Spectra of 6 Evaporites from Niger Republic. Journal of Applied Chemistry, 2015.
Saidou, H., Hamzaoui, A. H., & Mnif, A. (2015). Insoluble Content, Ionic Composition, Density, and X-Ray Diffraction Spectra of 6 Evaporites from Niger Republic. Journal of Applied Chemistry, 2015.
  • Tahoua
    • Abalak
Saidou, H., Hamzaoui, A. H., & Mnif, A. (2015). Insoluble Content, Ionic Composition, Density, and X-Ray Diffraction Spectra of 6 Evaporites from Niger Republic. Journal of Applied Chemistry, 2015.
Saidou, H., Hamzaoui, A. H., & Mnif, A. (2015). Insoluble Content, Ionic Composition, Density, and X-Ray Diffraction Spectra of 6 Evaporites from Niger Republic. Journal of Applied Chemistry, 2015.
Norway
 
  • Agder
    • Farsund
Konnerup-Madsen. J. (1979): Fluid inclusions in quartz from deep-seated granitic intrusions, south Norway. Lithos 12,13-23; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 49
  • Buskerud
    • Drammen
      • Konnerud
Segalstad, T. V. & Telstø, L. (2002): Mineraldannelsen i Konnerudkollen gruver. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 20, 35-49
    • Kongsberg
Hansteen, T.H. & Burke, E.A. (1994): Aphthitalite in high-temperature fluid inclusions in quartz from the Eikeren-Skrim granite complex, the Oslo paleorift. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 74 (4), 238-240
    • Øvre Eiker
      • Gunhildrud
Jahren, J.; Berg, H.J.; Hurum, J.H. & Wulff-Pedersen, E. (1998): Nye undersøkelser av amazonitt-genthelvin pegmatitten fra Fiskum, Øvre Eiker. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 13-16
  • Nordland
    • Flakstad
      • Flakstadøya
        • Nusfjord
Stuart Mills, dec 2002; Markl, G, Ferry, J. & Bucher, K. (1998) Formation of saline brines and salt in the lower crust by hydration reactions in partially retrogressed granulites from the Lofoten Islands, Norway. American Journal of Science, 298: 705-757
  • Telemark
    • Kragerø
Larsen, K. E. (2018): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2017 - 2018. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 105-114 [Jan Braly Kihle communication april 2018]
  • Viken
    • Eidsvoll
      • Minnesund
Rondeau, B., Fritsch, E., Peucat, J.-J., Nordrum, F.S. & Groat, L. (2008): Characterization of Emeralds from a historical deposit: Byrud (Eidsvoll), Norway. Gems & Gemology, 44, 108-122
Pakistan
 
  • Punjab Province
    • Salt Range
      • Khewra
Asrar Ullah (1963) Rock Salt Resourdes of Pakistan. Pakistan Geographical Review, 18/1: 19-32
Peru
 
  • Lima
    • Huarochiri Province
Alvarez A, A., & Noble, D. C. (1988). Sedimentary rock-hosted disseminated precious metal mineralization at Purisima Concepcion, Yauricocha district, central Peru. Economic Geology, 83(7), 1368-1378.
  • Piura
    • Huancabamba Province
      • Canchaque
arlson, Steven and Sawkins, F. J. (1980) Mineralogic and Fluid Inclusion Studies of the Turmalina Cu-Mo-bearing Breccia Pipe, Northern Peru, Economic Geology, v. 75, p. 1233-1237.
Poland
 
  • Greater Poland Voivodeship
    • Koło County
Jirásek, J.: Solný důl Kłodawa (Polsko). Minerál, 2004, roč. 12, č. 2, s. 98-102. ISSN 1213-0710 (excerpted from unpublished thesis Hanczke, T.: Mineralogia i petrografia soli czechstyńskich kopalni "Kłodawa". Doktroská práce, Uniwersytet Jagiellonski, Instytut nauk geologicznych, 1967.); Wachowiak, J., Pieczka, A. (2016): Motukoreaite from the Kłodawa Salt Dome, Central Poland. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 277-289
  • Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship
    • Inowrocław County
      • Inowrocław
Eligiusz Szełęg collection
  • Lesser Poland Voivodeship
    • Olkusz County
      • Gmina Olkusz
J. Cabala, B. Zogala, R. Dubiel (2008) Geochemical and Geophysical Study of Historical Zn-Pb Ore Processing Waste Dump Areas (Southern Poland). Polish J. of Environ. Stud. Vol. 17, No. 5, 693-700
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Kłodzko County
      • Nowa Ruda
        • Słupiec Mine
Fabiańska, M.J., Ciesielczuk, J., Kruszewski, Ł., Misz-Kennan, M., Blake, D.R., Stracher, G., Moszumańska, I., 2013: Gaseous compounds and efflorescences generated in self-heating coal-waste dumps — A case study from the Upper and Lower Silesian Coal Basins (Poland). International Journal of Coal Geology: 116-117: 247-261
  • Podlaskie Voivodeship
Specjalne, P. T. M. P. (2005) Fluid Inclusions and Cathodoluminescence of Fluorite from Carbonatites of the Tajno Massif, NE Poland. in Mineralogical Society of Poland – Special Papers; Volume 26, 2005
  • Silesian Voivodeship
    • Wodzisław County
      • Radlin
Ł. Kruszewski PXRD data (to be published soon)
Republic of the Congo
 
  • Kouilou Department
de Ruiter, P.A.C. (1979) The Gabon and Congo basins salt deposits. Economic Geology: 74(2): 419–431.
    • Madingo-Kayes
Henry Rauche (2009) Updated Reserve and Resource Estimate for MagMinerals Kouilou Potash Project, Republic of Congo
Romania
 
  • Alba
    • Lupșa Commune
      • Mușca (Muska; Kismuska; Muszka; Russendorf; Russenhof)
A.H. Damman et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1081-1096.
Russia
 
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Lena-Angara salt Basin
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Lower Tunguska
      • Nepa River basin
American Mineralogist, Volume 87, pages 1509–1513, 2002; Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
    • Zheleznogorsk (Korshunikha)
Mazurov, M.P., Grishina, S.N., Istomin, V.E., and Titov, A.T. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(4), 271-284.; Mazurov et al (2007) Geology of Ore Deposits, 49, 271–284.
  • Kamchatka Krai
    • Tolbachik volcano
      • Great Fissure eruption (Main Fracture)
        • Northern Breakthrough (North Breach)
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Vergasova L P, Filatov S K, Serafimova E K, Semenova T F (1988) Ponomarevite K4Cu4OCl10 - a new mineral from volcanic sublimates, Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 300, 1197-1200
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Elena Yu. Bykova material; Vergasova, L.P., Krivovichev, S.V., Britvin, S.N., Burns, P.C., and Ananiev, V.V. (2004) Filatovite, K[(Al,Zn)2(As,Si)2O8], a new mineral species from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka peninsula, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy: 16(3): 533-536.
Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. II. Flinteite, K2ZnCl4. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 581-588; Shchipalkina, N.V.; Pekov, I.V.; Britvin, S.N.; Koshlyakova, N.N.; Vigasina, M.F.; Sidorov, E.G. (2019) A New Mineral Ferrisanidine, K[Fe3+Si3O8], the First Natural Feldspar with Species-Defining Iron. Minerals 9, 770.
Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.
Vergasova, L.P., Filatov, S.K., Gorskaya, M.G., Molchanov, A.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Ananiev, V.V. (2000) Urusovite, Cu[AlAsO5], a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy: 12(5): 1041-1044.
Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka, vol 2, p 140, S.A. Fedotov
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Maimecha and Kotui Rivers Basin
Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.
Pekin, A.A. [Пекин, А.А.] (2010) Minerals of Moscow [Минералы Москвы]. Rossiiskii Khimicheskii Zhurnal [Российский Химический Журнал], 54, 2, 115-123 (in Russian); Pekin, A.A. (2011) Minerals of Moscow. Russian Journal of General Chemistry, 81, 6, 1381-1391.
  • Perm Krai
    • Solikamsky District
      • Solikamsk
P.M. Kartashov data
          • Romanovskiy area
Chaikovskiy, I. I., Chaikovskaya, E. V., Korotchenkova, O. V., Chirkova, E. P., & Utkina, T. A. (2019). Authigenic Titanium and Zirconium Minerals at the Verkhnekamskoe Salt Deposit. Geochemistry International, 57(2), 184-196.
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Khanka Lake
V.V. Seredin data
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Mirninsky District
      • Daldyn
M. Kamenetsky et al. , Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 5, 2003.; Sharygin, I. S., Golovin, A. V., Korsakov, A. V., & Pokhilenko, N. P. (2013). Eitelite in sheared peridotite xenoliths from Udachnaya-East kimberlite pipe (Russia)–a new locality and host rock type. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(5), 825-834.; Sharygin, V. V., Kamenetsky, V. S., Kamenetskaya, M. B., Seretkin, Y. V., & Pokhilenko, N. P. (2007, August). Rasvumite from the Udachnaya-East Pipe: The first finding in kimberlites. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 415, No. 2, pp. 929-934). Nauka/Interperiodica.
  • Sakhalin Oblast
    • Kuril Islands (Kurile Islands)
      • Iturup Island
http://maurice.strahlen.org/kurilles/kurilles.htm; Yudovskaya, M.A. et al (2007) Zapiski RMO, 136, #5, 45-51.; Africano, F., Bernard, A., & Korzhinsky, M. (2003). High temper-ature volcanic gas geochemistry (major and minor elements) at Kudryavy volcano, Iturup Island, Kuril Arc, Russia. Rev. Port. Volcanol, 1, 87-94.
  • Tuva
Sharygin, V. V. (2016) Secondary olivine-hosted inclusions in calcite-dolomite carbonatite of the Belaya Zima alkaline massif, Eastern Sayan, Russia: Evidence for Na-rich carbonatite composition. Asian Current Research On Fluid Inclusions (ACROFI-VI), Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
  • Volgograd Oblast
    • Pallasovsky District
Korytov, F. Y., Magazina, L. O., & Vikent ev, I. V. (2005, May). Nanominerals in the Elton salt dome. In DOKLADY EARTH SCIENCES C/C OF DOKLADY-AKADEMIIA NAUK (Vol. 402, No. 4, p. 579). INTERPERIODICA PUBLISHING.
Seychelles
 
Gorshkov, A.I., Baturin, G.N., Bogdanova, O.Y., and Magazina, L.O. (2000): Lithology and Mineral Resources 35(2), 183-188.
South Africa
 
  • Free State
    • Thabo Mofutsanyane District
      • Clocolan
Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
  • North West
    • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
Minerals of South Africa; Martini, I. (1978). Mineralogy of the Transvaal caves. South African Journal of Geology, 81(1), 47-54.
  • Northern Cape
    • Frances Baard
      • Sol Plaatje
        • Kimberley
          • KEM JV Mine (Kimberley Ekapa Mining Joint Venture mine; Kimberley Underground mine)
Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, V. S., Phillips, D., Kendrick, M. A., Wyatt, B. A., & Goemann, K. (2012). Nature of alkali-carbonate fluids in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle. Geology, 40(11), 967-970.; Giuliani, A., Soltys, A., Phillips, D., Kamenetsky, V. S., Maas, R., Goemann, K., ... & Griffin, W. L. (2017). The final stages of kimberlite petrogenesis: petrography, mineral chemistry, melt inclusions and Sr-CO isotope geochemistry of the Bultfontein kimberlite (Kimberley, South Africa). Chemical Geology, 455, 342-356.
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Bages
        • Cardona
Calvo, M. (2006): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. III, Halogenuros. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Álava, 267 pp; Lucha, P., Cardona, F., Gutiérrez, F., & Guerrero, J. (2008). Natural and human-induced dissolution and subsidence processes in the salt outcrop of the Cardona Diapir (NE Spain). Environmental Geology, 53(5), 1023-1035.
- Calvo, M. (2006): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. III, Halogenuros. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Álava, 267 pp
        • Sallent
- Calvo, M. (2006): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. III, Halogenuros. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Álava, 267 pp
        • Suria
- Calvo, M. (2006): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. III, Halogenuros. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Álava, 267 pp
  • Extremadura
    • Badajoz
      • Mérida
J.C. Fernandez-caliani et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1015-1026.
  • Valencian Community
    • Alicante
      • Orihuela
Benavente, D., Pla, C., Elena-Carbonell, J. M., Spairani, Y., & Grossi, C. M. (2018, September). Intensive damage due to salt crystallisation by rising damp in the Colegio Santo Domingo of Orihuela (Spain). In Conserving Cultural Heritage: Proceedings of the 3rd International Congress on Science and Technology for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage (TechnoHeritage 2017), May 21-24, 2017, Cadiz, Spain (p. 273). CRC Press.
Sweden
 
  • Norrbotten County
    • Kiruna
      • Kiruna Town
Lindblom, S.,Broman, C. and Martinsson, O.(1996): Magmatic-hydrothermal fluids in the Pahtohavare Cu-Au deposit in greenstone at Kiruna, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita Volume 31: 307-318
  • Västernorrland County
    • Sundsvall
Kresten,P. (1990): The Alnø area (in Swedish). In: Lundqvist, T. (Ed.), Beskrivning Till Bergrundskartan Over Västernorrlands län. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning serie Ba, 31, 238–278.
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Goms
      • Binn
        • Fäld
Müller, F. (2012): Geochemische Untersuchungen an Fluideinschlüssen in Kluftquarzkristallen aus den Metadolomiten des Binntales, Kanton Wallis, Schweiz. Master Thesis, University Basel, Switzerland, 78 pp.
Tanzania
 
  • Arusha region
    • Ngorongoro District
Mitchell, R.H. (2006) Mineralogy of stalactites formed by subaerial weathering of natrocarbonatite hornitos at Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine: 70: 437-444; Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.; Zaitsev, A. N., & Keller, J. (2006). Mineralogical and chemical transformation of Oldoinyo Lengai natrocarbonatites, Tanzania. Lithos, 91(1), 191-207.; Mitchell, R. H. (1997). Carbonate-carbonate immiscibility, neighborite and potassium iron sulphide in Oldoinyo Lengai natrocarbonatite. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(6), 779-789.; Mattsson, H. B., & Reusser, E. (2010). Mineralogical and geochemical characterization of ashes from an early phase of the explosive September 2007 eruption of Oldoinyo Lengai (Tanzania). Journal of African Earth Sciences, 58(5), 752-763.; Victoria Sekisova, Victor Victorovich Sharygin, A. N. Zaitsev, Stanislav Strekopytov (2015) Liquid Immiscibility Геология и геофизика, 2015, т. 56, № 12, с. 2173—2197
Thailand
 
  • Maha Sarakham Province
Tabakh, M. E., Schreiber, B. C., Utha‐Aroon, C., Coshell, L., & Warren, J. K. (1998). Diagenetic origin of basal anhydrite in the Cretaceous Maha Sarakham salt: Khorat Plateau, NE Thailand. Sedimentology, 45(3), 579-594.
Tunisia
 
  • Kef
    • Sakiet Sidi Youssef (Saqiyat Sidi Yusuf)
Mlayah, A., Ferreira da Silva, E., Rocha, F., Hamza, C. B., Charef, A., & Noronha, F. (2009). The Oued Mellègue: Mining activity, stream sediments and dispersion of base metals in natural environments, North-western Tunisia. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 102(1), 27-36.
  • Zaghouan
    • Sidi Jedidi (Sidi Jadidi)
Yoshida, M., Kallali, H., Ayari, F., Katoh, T. (2002) Characterization of open-dumped solid wastes at Hammam Jedidi barite mine and Hammam Zriba fluorite mine, northern Tunisia. In Proceedings of International Symposium on Environmental Pollution Control and Waste Management, 7-10 January 2002, Tunis, 287-292.
Turkmenistan
 
  • Lebap
    • Chardzhou
      • Gaurdak basin (Gaurdok basin)
Yongsheng Zhang, Mianping Zheng, Wen Qi, Hao Li, and Renjie Xiang (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(6), 692-696
Yongsheng Zhang, Mianping Zheng, Wen Qi, Hao Li, and Renjie Xiang (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(6), 692-696
UK
 
  • England
    • North Yorkshire
      • Scarborough
        • Eskdaleside cum Ugglebarnby
Mineralogical Magazine 1951 29 : 667-689.
Mineralogical Magazine 1951 29 : 667-689.
Mineralogical Magazine 1951 29 : 667-689.
        • Whitby
Smith, F.W., Dearlove, J.P.L., Kemp, S.J., Bell, C.P., Milne, C.J. and Pottas, T.L. (2014) Potash – Recent exploration developments in North Yorkshire. Pp. 45-50 in Hunger, E., Brown, T. J. and Lucas, G. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 17th Extractive Industry Geology Conference, EIG Conferences Ltd. 202pp
Smith, F.W., Dearlove, J.P.L., Kemp, S.J., Bell, C.P., Milne, C.J. and Pottas, T.L. (2014) Potash – Recent exploration developments in North Yorkshire. Pp. 45-50 in Hunger, E., Brown, T. J. and Lucas, G. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 17th Extractive Industry Geology Conference, EIG Conferences Ltd. 202pp
    • Redcar and Cleveland
      • Loftus
UK Journal of Mines and Minerals, No. 14 p4-7; Embrey, P.G. (1978) Fourth Supplementary List of British Minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 42, n° 322, 169-177.; Woods, P. J. E. (1979). The geology of Boulby mine. Economic Geology, 74(2), 409-418.; Milne, J. K. (1978). The potash deposits and their associates in the area of the Boulby mine, Cleveland. PhD thesis University of Edinburgh
    • Stockton-on-Tees
      • Billingham
Mineralogical Magazine 1959 32 : 172-175.
Ukraine
 
  • Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York: 9.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Lviv Oblast
    • Drohobych
Griniv, S. P., Iorysh, Z. I. & Skul'skaya, L. I. (1986): Kalistrontite from the Stebnik deposit of potassium salts. Mineralogicheskii Sbornik (Lvov) 40, 74-78. (in Russian)
  • Zhytomyr Oblast
Lyckberg, P., Chornousenko, V. & Wilson, W. E. (2009): Volodarsk-Volynski, Zhitomir Oblast, Ukraine. Mineralogical Record, 40, 473-506.; Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
USA
 
  • Alabama
    • Clarke Co.
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull 120
  • Arizona
    • Apache & Navajo Cos.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 387; Peirce, H.W. (1969), Salines, in Mineral and water resources of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 180: 417-424.
    • Maricopa Co.
Garvie, L.A.J. (2016): Mineralogy of paloverde (Parkinsonia microphylla) tree ash from the Sonoran Desert: A combined field and laboratory study. American Mineralogist: 101 : 1584-1595; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12875 (2016
  • California
    • Imperial Co.
RRUFF Project Specimen ID: R050166; Mark Rogers (1982) Octahedral Sylvite. Mineralogical Record 13:42
        • Mullet Island
Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
    • Inyo Co.
      • Deep Springs Valley
Jones, Blair Francis (1961), Zoning of saline minerals at Deep Spring Lake, California: USGS PP 424-B, Article 83: B200; Jones, Blair Francis (1965), The hydrology and mineralogy of Deep Spring Lake, Inyo County, California. USGS Professional Paper 502-A, 56 pp.: 44; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 357.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10260745.
No reference listed
  • Colorado
    • Dolores Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Dorchester Mining District
        • Taylor Park
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Montezuma Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
  • Louisiana
    • Iberia Parish
R&M 69:3 pp 156-162
R&M 69:3 pp 156-162
    • Plaquemines Parish
Smith Jr., A.E. (1994) Louisiana: Mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals: 69(3): 156-162.
Smith Jr., A.E. (1994) Louisiana: Mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals: 69(3): 156-162.
  • Michigan
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Sulphur Mining District
        • Sulphur
          • Hycroft Mine (Crofoot-Lewis Mine; Standard Slag Mine; Crofoot Gold project; Crofoot project; Crofoot Mine; Lewis Mine; Hycroft-Lewis Mine; Brimstone; Gap; Graveyard [Boneyard]; North pit; South Central pit; South Extension pit; Peninsula)
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Battle Mountain Mining District
        • Copper Canyon mine
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • White Pine Co.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 385, 595; Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
    • Eddy Co.
AmMin 47:152
      • Carlsbad Potash Mining District
NMBMMR Bull 87 Mineral and Water Resources of New Mexico; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Keith Christy specimens; SIMMONS, P.S. (2013)The Carlsbad Potash Basin, Carlsbad, New Mexico. Mineralogical Record, 44 (1), 13-49.
NMBMMR Bull 87 Mineral and Water Resources of New Mexico; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
NMBMMR Bull 87 Mineral and Water Resources of New Mexico
NMBMMR Bull 87 Mineral and Water Resources of New Mexico
NMBMMR Bull 87 Mineral and Water Resources of New Mexico
NMBMMR Bull 87 Mineral and Water Resources of New Mexico
NMBMMR Bull 87 Mineral and Water Resources of New Mexico; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Capitan Mountains
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • New York
    • Livingston Co.
      • Retsof
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
      • York
Jensen (1978) Minerals of New York State, p.164
  • North Dakota
Geology of Bottineau County, North Dakota. Bulletin (North Dakota Geological Survey) ;, 78,
https://www.dmr.nd.gov/ndgs/Mineral/nd_saltnew.asp
https://www.dmr.nd.gov/ndgs/Mineral/nd_saltnew.asp
  • Texas
    • Duval Co.
      • Benavides
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Hamshire
Darrell Munson, Stephen Bauer, Christopher Rautman, Brian Ehgartner, and Allan Sattler (2003) ANALYSIS OF THE MASSIVE SALT FALL IN BIG HILL CAVERN 103 SAND2003-0703
    • Matagorda Co.
      • Clemville
R&M 45:6 pp 371-379
    • Presidio Co.
      • Shafter Mining District
GSA Conference (2001) Paper No. 173-0 THE RED HILLS INTRUSIVE SYSTEM, PRESIDIO COUNTY, TEXAS: THE EASTERNMOST LARAMIDE PORPHYRY COPPER-MOLYBDENUM DEPOSIT IN SOUTHWESTERN NORTH AMERICA
Alminas, Henry V.; Foord, Eugene E.; Tucker, Robert E. (1994) Geochemistry, mineralogy, and geochronology of the U.S. Virgin Islands USGS Bulletin 2057 36p
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
      • San Rafael Mining District (San Rafael Swell)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Grand Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Crescent Eagle
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Interriver Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Little Grand Mining District (S. E. Green River)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Mineral Canyon Area
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Moab Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Thompsons Mining District
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • San Juan Co.
      • Moab Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Paradox Basin
Omer B. Raup and Beth M. Madsen (1986) Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 56, #2, 248-251
      • Paradox Valley
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Bonneville Salt Flats
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Salt Flats
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Silver Island Mountains
        • Silver Island Mining District (Silver Islet Mining District)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
The Moon
 
  • Mare Crisium
P.M. Kartashov data
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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