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About TooeleiteHide

Fe3+6(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Specific Gravity:
3.16 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Named after its discovery locality, Gold Hill, Tooele County, Utah, USA.
The only arsenite-sulfate presently known in Nature.

Classification of TooeleiteHide

Approval Year:

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
J : Arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites; iodates
D : Arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites; with additional anions, with H2O

12 : (AB)4(XO4)3Zq·xH2O

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
3 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with sulphates

Physical Properties of TooeleiteHide

3.16 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of TooeleiteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.940 nβ = 2.040 - 2.050 nγ = 2.050 - 2.060
Calculated: 32°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.110 - 0.120
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
r > v slight

Chemical Properties of TooeleiteHide

Fe3+6(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
IMA Formula:
Fe3+6(AsO3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of TooeleiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
C1 2/m 1
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.9575 Å, b = 6.4238 Å, c = 9.791 Å
β = 96.032°
a:b:c = 1.394 : 1 : 1.524
Unit Cell V:
560.27 ų

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
9.725 Å(10)
4.476 Å(4)
3.208 Å(9)
3.047 Å(5)
2.680 Å(4)
2.153 Å(4)
1.604 Å(4)

Type Occurrence of TooeleiteHide

Synonyms of TooeleiteHide

Other Language Names for TooeleiteHide


Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Tooeleite associated with ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
1 photo of Tooeleite associated with ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.JD.05NealitePb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
4.JD.10SeeliteMg(UO2)(As3+O3)0.7(AsO4)0.3 · 7H2OMon.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

42.12.5.KamarizaiteFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

22.3.1ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2OOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
22.3.2ArdealiteCa2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
22.3.3Machatschkiite(Ca,Na)6(AsO4)(HAsO4)3(PO4,SO4) · 15H2OHex.
22.3.4ClinotyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4,SO4)4(OH,O)10 · 10H2OMon.
22.3.5PeisleyiteNa2Al9[(P,S)O4]8(OH)6•28H2OTric. 1 : P1
22.3.6ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2OTrig. 3 : R3
22.3.7WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.9SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.11SanjuaniteAl2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
22.3.12KribergiteAl5(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
22.3.13HotsoniteAl11(SO4)3(PO4)2(OH)21 · 16H2OTric.
22.3.15TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
22.3.16ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
22.3.17HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.20CoconinoiteFe3+2Al2(UO2)2(PO4)4(SO4)(OH)2 · 20H2OMon.
22.3.21Sasaite(Al,Fe3+)14(PO4)11(SO4)(OH)7 · 83H2OOrth.
22.3.22Tristramite(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2OHex.
22.3.23CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.24BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.25DiadochiteFe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OAmor.
22.3.26SarmientiteFe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
22.3.27BukovskýiteFe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
22.3.28ZýkaiteFe3+4(AsO4)3(SO4)(OH) · 15H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P2 2 2
22.3.30Pitticite(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)Amor.
22.3.31Xiangjiangite(Fe3+,Al)(UO2)4(PO4)2(SO4)2(OH) · 22H2OTet.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TooeleiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Cesbron, F. and Williams, S.A. (1992) Tooeleite, a new mineral from the U.S. Mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Magazine: 56: 71-73.
Jambor, J.L. (1992) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 77:1305-1309.
Morin, G., Juillot, F., Casiot, C., Bruneel, O., Personné, J.-C., Elbaz-Poulichet, F., Leblanc, M., Ildefonse, P., and Calas, G. (2003) Bacterial formation of tooeleite and mixed As3+/(V)-Fe3+ gels in the Carnoules acid mine drainage, France. A XANES, XRD, and SEM study. Environmental Sciences and Technology: 37: 1705-1712.
Morin, G., Rousse, G., and Elkaim, E. (2007) Crystal structure of tooeleite, Fe6(AsO3)4SO4(OH)4·4H2O, a new iron arsenite oxyhydroxysulfate mineral relevant to acid mine drainage. American Mineralogist: 92: 193-197.
Majzlan, J., Dachs, E., Benisek, A., Koch, C.B., Bolanz, R., Göttlicher, J., and Steininger, R. (2016) Thermodynamic properties of tooeleite, Fe63+(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4·4H2O. Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry: 76: 419–428.

Internet Links for TooeleiteHide

Localities for TooeleiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • New South Wales
    • Gough Co.
      • Kingsgate
Peter Elliott (unpubl. analysis); Uwe kolitsch (unpubl. data)
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
        • Waitschach
U. Kolitsch (2012): Crystal structure of a new lead nitrate chloride and further surprises from the Pb- and Ba-rich ancient slag at Maria Waitschach, Carinthia, Austria. M&M7, 7th Intern. Conf. on Mineralogy & Museums, Dresden, Germany, August 27-29, 2012; Program and Abstracts Volume, 90.; Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
  • Occitanie
    • Gard
      • Saint-Sébastien-d'Aigrefeuille
Morin, G., Rousse, G. and Elkaim, E. (2007): Crystal structure of tooeleite, Fe6(AsO3)4SO4(OH)4•4H2O, a new iron arsenite oxyhydroxysulfate mineral relevant to acid mine drainage. Am. Mineral. 92, 193-197; Morin, G. et al. (2003): Bacterial formation of tooeleite and mixed As3+/(V)-Fe3+ gels in the Carnoules acid mine drainage, France. A XANES, XRD, and SEM study: Environmental Sciences and Technology 37, 1705-1712.
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar
      • Grane Reservoir
Schnorrer, G. (1993) Mineralogische Notizen VI. Aufschluss, 44, 44-58.
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
Möckel, S. (2001): Wallkilldellit und weitere acht Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis 26 (11), 43; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
        • Lavrion District slag localities
          • Agios Nikolaos [St Nicholas] area
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
  • Andalusia
    • Córdoba
      • Belalcázar
Rewitzer C., Hochleitner R., Fehr T., Utrera C., Karibibite, schneiderhöhnite, tooeleite and other uncommon secondary minerals in the Nuestra Señora de las Alcantarillas mine, Belalcázar, Córdoba, Spain; MineralUp (Revista de Minerales) No.1 Oct. 2016 Page 9-39
        • La Ventosilla farmhouse
Rewitzer, C., Calvo, M. Hochleitner, R., and Utrera, C. (2018). Adamite, austinite, schlegelite, dugganite and other uncommon minerals in the “Cogolla Alta” claim,Belalcázar, Córdoba, Spain. Mineral Up, 5 (2), 50-77.
  • Ticino
    • Malcantone
      • Alto Malcantone
        • Breno
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 409; Meisser, N., Oppizzi, P., Steiger, E., Vanini, F. (1996): L'attività siderurgica del Monte Torri (Ticino, Svizzera): ricerche mineralogiche nelle scorie. Geologia Insubrica, 1(1+2), 53-63.
  • Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Gold Hill Mining District (Clifton Mining District)
        • Gold Hill
Mineralogical Magazine 1992 56 : 71-73
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