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Variscite

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About VarisciteHide

Formula:
AlPO4 · 2H2O
Colour:
Pale to emerald-green, bluish green, colourless to white, pale shades of brown or yellow, rarely red; Colourless to pale green in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous, Waxy
Hardness:
3½ - 4½
Specific Gravity:
2.57 - 2.61
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Member of:
Name:
For Variscia, an old name for Vogtland, the German district where the mineral was first discovered.
Dimorph of:
Variscite-Strengite Series.
The orthorhombic dimorph of Metavariscite.

Pseudo-tetragonal-dipyramidal crystals may be confused with wardite.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Variscite.


Classification of VarisciteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
Approval Year:
1967
8.CD.10

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations, RO4:H2O = 1:2
40.4.1.1

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
4 : (AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
19.7.5

19 : Phosphates
7 : Phosphates of Al alone

Physical Properties of VarisciteHide

Vitreous, Waxy
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Pale to emerald-green, bluish green, colourless to white, pale shades of brown or yellow, rarely red; Colourless to pale green in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness:
3½ - 4½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Good on {010}, poor on {001}.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Splintery
Comment:
Sub-conchoidal to conchoidal when fine-grained or glassy.
Density:
2.57 - 2.61 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.59 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
Density of 2.2 to 2.5 observed in microcrystalline and massive varieties.

Optical Data of VarisciteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.563 nβ = 1.588 nγ = 1.594
2V:
Measured: 50° , Calculated: 50°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.031
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v perceptible

Chemical Properties of VarisciteHide

Formula:
AlPO4 · 2H2O
IMA Formula:
Al(PO4) · 2H2O
Common Impurities:
Fe,As

Crystallography of VarisciteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pbca
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.822 Å, b = 8.561 Å, c = 9.63 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.147 : 1 : 1.125
Unit Cell V:
808.81 ų
Z:
8
Morphology:
Uncommon in crystals, pseudo-octahedral {111}, with {001} and additional forms as modifying faces only, lathlike. Commonly fine-grained massive, nodular, stalagtitic, crustiform, veinlets; chalcedonic, opaline.
Twinning:
On {201}, rare.

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0009582VarisciteKniep R, Mootz D, Vegas A (1977) Variscite Acta Crystallographica B33 263-2651977Montgomery County, Arkansas, USA0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Deposited from phosphatic waters reacting with aluminous rocks at surface or near-surface conditions.

Type Occurrence of VarisciteHide

Synonyms of VarisciteHide

Other Language Names for VarisciteHide

Dutch:Varisciet
French:Variquoise
Italian:Variscite
Polish:Waryscyt
Portuguese:Variscite
Simplified Chinese:磷铝石
Slovak:Variscit
Traditional Chinese:磷鋁石

Varieties of VarisciteHide

Ferrian VarisciteAn iron-bearing variety of variscite.
GelvarisciteA gel or colloidal form of Variscite
RedonditeContains Fe''' in substitution for Al.

Relationship of Variscite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
MansfielditeAlAsO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
YanomamiteInAsO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
ChalcedonySiO2
CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
MetavarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
155 photos of Variscite associated with CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
119 photos of Variscite associated with WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
80 photos of Variscite associated with WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
35 photos of Variscite associated with QuartzSiO2
24 photos of Variscite associated with TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
24 photos of Variscite associated with MetavarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
24 photos of Variscite associated with StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
20 photos of Variscite associated with AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
20 photos of Variscite associated with MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
15 photos of Variscite associated with RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.CD.CastellaroiteMn2+3(AsO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
8.CD.05KolbeckiteScPO4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
8.CD.05MetavarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.CD.05PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
8.CD.10MansfielditeAlAsO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.CD.10ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.CD.10StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.CD.10YanomamiteInAsO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.CD.15ParascoroditeFeAsO4 · 2H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
8.CD.20LudlamiteFe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.CD.25SterlinghilliteMn2+3(AsO4)2 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CD.30RollanditeCu3(AsO4)2 · 4H2OOrth.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

40.4.1.2StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
40.4.1.3ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
40.4.1.4MansfielditeAlAsO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
40.4.1.5YanomamiteInAsO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.7.1BerliniteAlPO4Trig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
19.7.2AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3Mon. 2/m : B2/m
19.7.3TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.7.4SenegaliteAl2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mm2
19.7.6MetavarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.7.7BolivariteAl2(PO4)(OH)3 · 4-5H2OAmor.
19.7.8WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.7.9EvansiteAl3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2OAmor.
19.7.10VantasseliteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 9H2OOrth.
19.7.11KingiteAl3(PO4)2F2(OH) · 7H2OTric.
19.7.12VashegyiteAl11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in alkalies. Slightly soluble in HCl (fine-grained or chalcedonic material).

Easily altered by alkaline solutions containing alkaline earths or alkalies, yielding secondary minerals including crandallite, wardite, Montgomeryite, etc.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
Gemstones & jewelry.

References for VarisciteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Breithaupt (1830) Journal für Chemie und Physik, Nuremberg: 60: 308 (as Peganite).
Breithaupt (1837) Journal für praktische Chemie, Leipzig: 10: 506.
Chester (1878) American Journal of Science: 15: 207.
Kunz (1895) USGS 16th Annual Report, part 4: 602 (as Utahlite).
Tschirwinsky (1904) Ann. géol. min. Russie: 7: 28.
Sterrett (1908) USGS Mineral Resources, part 2: 832 (as Amatrice).
Sterrett (1909) USGS Mineral Resources, part 2: 853 (as Chlor-utahlite).
Pisani analysis in: Lacroix, A. (1910) Minéralogie de la France et des ses colonies, Paris. 5 volumes: vol. 4: 480-481.
Pelloux (1912) Ann. Mus. Genova: 5: 470.
Schaller (1912) Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum: 41: 413.
Schaller (1912) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 50: 321.
Schaller (1916) USGS Bull. 610: 56 (as Lucinite).
Moschetti (1918) Acc. Torino, Att.: 53: 1062.
Loczka analysis in: Ulrich (1922) Rozpr. České Ak., Cl. 2, 31, no. 10.
Larsen, E.S. and Schaller (1925).
Machatschki (1929) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 321.
Ulrich (1930) Rozpr. České Ak., Cl. 2, 39, no. 17 (as Alpha-variscite).
Hintze, Carl (1933) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [4A]: 1283, 1288.
Strunz and Sztrókay (1939) Zentralblatt Mineralien: 272.
McConnell (1940) American Mineralogist: 25: 719.
Kolbeck (1941) Mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, Vienna: 52: 363.
Larsen, E.S. (1942) American Mineralogist: 27: 281.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 756-761.
American Mineralogist (1972): 57: 36-44.
Acta Crystallographica (1977): B33: 263.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 621.

Internet Links for VarisciteHide

Localities for VarisciteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antigua and Barbuda
 
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 760.
Argentina
 
  • Córdoba Province
    • Punilla Department
      • Tanti
        • Cerro Blanco pegmatite district
Mr. Nelson Valenzuela.
  • Jujuy Province
    • Humahuaca Department
      • Aguilar mining district
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
Australia
 
Trueman, N.A. (1965) The Geology and Mineralogy of the Phosphate Deposits of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Unpublished MSc. Thesis, University of Adelaide, 125 pages plus plates.
  • New South Wales
    • Rous Co.
      • Chillingham
Rocks & Min.:64(5):410.
    • Westmoreland Co.
Podgson RE, Osborne RAL, Colchester DM, Minerals of Jenolan Caves, New South Wales, Australia: Geological and Biological Interactions, Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 134, 1-18.
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
        • Broken Hill
          • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Birch, W.D., van der Heyden, A. (1997) Minerals of the Kintore and Block 14 open cuts at Broken Hill NSW. Australian Journal of Mineralogy: 3: 23-71.
  • Northern Territory
    • Barkly Region
      • Sandover
        • Ammaroo Station (Amaroo Station)
Hosking, A. J. (1995). EL 8607 Tosca, first annual-final report for year ending 15-06-1995.
No reference listed
  • Queensland
    • City of Mount Isa
      • Gunpowder District
        • Mount Gordon
Day, B. E. & Beyer, B. D. (1996): Some mines of the Mt Isa district. Part 3 - The Mt Oxide mine. Australian J. of Mineralogy 2 (1), 3-10.
    • Logan City Shire
Murray, C G (1973): Fluellite and Minyulite from Wolffdene, near Beenleigh, Queensland - Geological Survey of Queensland, Government Mining Journal August 1973, No.862 pp 271-274
    • Moreton Bay Region
Dion Glastra M. collection
    • North Burnett Region
Duggan, et al., Canadian Mineralogist 28,125-131(1990); Duggan, M. B., Jones, M. T., Richards, D. N., & Kamprad, J. L. (1990). Phosphate minerals in altered andesite from Mount Perry, Queensland, Australia. Canadian Mineralogist, 28, 125-131.
  • South Australia
    • Eyre peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Duke Complex
Francis, G.L., 2010. Minerals from the South Middleback Range deposits 2003-2008. (self published) 44pp.
        • Iron Knob
Pilkington, E. S., Segnit, E. R., Watts, J. and Francis, G. (1979): Kleemanite, a new zinc aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 93-95.
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • North Mt Lofty Ranges
        • Barossa Valley
          • Angaston
Harrowfield, I.R., Segnit, E.R., Watts, J.A. (1981) Aldermanite, a new magnesium aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine, 44:333, 59-62.
        • Kapunda
Australian Journal of Mineralogy vol.16: 26-27
Frost, R.L., S.J. Mills, and K.L. Erickson, (2004), Thermal decomposition of peisleyite: a thermogravimetry and hot stage Raman spectroscopic study. Thermochimica Acta, 419(1-2): p. 109-114.;
        • Robertstown
Francis, G.L., Peisley, V., 2012. Minerals from Fairview and St John's phosphate deposits, South Australia. (self published).
    • Olary Province
Hosking, A. J. (1995). EL 8607 Tosca, first annual-final report for year ending 15-06-1995.
  • Tasmania
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Southern Islands
Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.
    • Meander Valley municipality
      • Dunorlan
Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.
    • West Coast municipality
      • Queenstown district
Ralph Bottrill et al in prep.
Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.
  • Victoria
    • Mansfield Shire
      • Mansfield
W.D.Birch & D.A.Henry 1993. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp 67-77
    • Rural City of Wangaratta
      • Greta South
Birch, W.D. & Henry D.A. (1993) Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria - Special publication No.3 (192p) pp.83-90.
      • Whitfield
W. D. Birch and D. A. Henry in Phosphate Minerals of Victoria, p.83-90.
    • South Gippsland Shire
      • Hoddle Range
        • Fish Creek
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection; Birch, W. D. & Henry, D. A. (1993) Phosphate minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3, pp. 79-81
    • Southern Grampians Shire
      • Dunkeld
    • Swan Hill Rural City
      • Lake Boga
No reference listed
  • Western Australia
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Rudall River District
Downes, P.J., Shields, P., Bevan, A.W.R. (2002) A suite of secondary minerals from the Nifty copper mine, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 8:2, 47-54.
Downes, P. J., Hope, M., Bevan, A. W. R. and Henry, D. A. (2006): Chalcocite and associated secondary minerals from the Telfer gold mine, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 12, 25-42.
    • Meekatharra Shire
      • Milgun Station
Peter Downes, Benjamin Grguric, Margot Willing, Geoff Deacon, Michael Verrall (2018) Variscite and associated phosphate minerals from the Mt Deverell variscite deposits, Milgun Station, Gascoyne region, Western Australia. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 319
Mineralogical Magazine 39,577-579(1974); ; Peter Downes, Benjamin Grguric, Margot Willing, Geoff Deacon, Michael Verrall (2018) Variscite and associated phosphate minerals from the Mt Deverell variscite deposits, Milgun Station, Gascoyne region, Western Australia. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 319
Fetherston, J., Stocklmayer, S., Stocklmayer, V.(2013): Gemstones of WA, Geological Survey of WA
Fetherston, J., Stocklmayer, S., Stocklmayer, V.(2013): Gemstones of WA, Geological Survey of WA
      • Mount Padbury Station
Fetherston, J.M., Stocklmayer, S.M., Stocklmayer, V.C. (2013) Gemstones of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 25, 306 pages.
    • Perenjori Shire
      • Weelhamby Lake
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp. 760.
Simpson, E.S. (1931-1932) Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia: 18: 69. Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 936.
    • Upper Gascoyne Shire
      • Woodlands station
Nickel, E. H. et al. (2008): The Woodlands variscite-gold occurrence in the north Gascoyne region of Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 14, 27-36.
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Krems-Land District
      • Mühldorf
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Styria
    • Bruck-Mürzzuschlag District
      • Pernegg an der Mur
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 759.
    • Leoben District
      • Sankt Peter-Freienstein
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 759; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Belgium
 
  • Wallonia
    • Hainaut
      • Bernissart
        • Blaton
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1988) Mineralogische Notizen IV. Der Aufschluss, 39, 153-168.
    • Liège
      • Lierneux
        • Arbrefontaine
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
    • Luxembourg
      • Vielsalm
Fransolet, A.-M. (1987) La vantasselite, Al4(PO4)3(OH)3.9H2O, une nouvelle espèce minérale du Massif de Stavelot, Belgique. Bulletin de Minéralogie, 110(6), 647-656. Daltry, V.D.C., Deliens, M. (1994) The type mineralogy of Belgium. Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique, 116, 15-28.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Bolivia
 
  • Oruro
    • Dalence Province
      • Huanuni
[MinRec 32:472]; Cacho, A.; Melgarejo, J.-C.; Camprubí, A.; Torró, L.; Castillo-Oliver, M.; Torres, B.; Artiaga, D.; Tauler, E.; Martínez, Á.; Campeny, M.; Alfonso, P.; Arce-Burgoa, O.R. (2019) Mineralogy and Distribution of Critical Elements in the Sn–W–Pb–Ag–Zn Huanuni Deposit, Bolivia. Minerals 9, 753
  • Potosí
    • Rafael Bustillo
      • Llallagua
[MinRec 32:474]
    • Sud Chichas Province
      • Cerro Chorolque
Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
Sauer, J.R. (1982) Brazil, Paradise of Gemstones. Gemological Institute of America, 135 pp. (p. 118).
Rui Nunes December 2010
  • Maranhão
    • Godofredo Viana
Sioeira, N. v. m. e., & DE Oliveira, N. p. 0 (1982) Padrão DE Distribuição DE Elementos Principais E Traços'nas Lateritas Fosfatadas Da Chapada DE Pirocaua (Ha).
  • Mato Grosso
P Haas collection
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Pena
Collection from Elmar Lackner. New find from 2006.; Bermanec, V., Scholz, R., Marković, F., Gobac, Ž. Ž., & Chaves, M. L. D. S. C. (2011) Mineralogy of the Boa Vista pegmatite, Galileia, Minas Gerais, Brazil. In 5th international symposium on granitic pegmatites, PEG 2011.
Field Trip Guide, Eastern Brazilian Pegmatite Province, 4th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, 2009; Scholz R, Chukanov N V, Menezes L A D, Atencio D, Lagoeiro L, Belotti F M, Chaves M L S C, Romano A W, Brandão P R, Belakovskiy D I, Pekov I (2014) Césarferreiraite, Fe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)28·H2O, from Eduardo mine, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil: Second arsenate in the laueite mineral group. American Mineralogist 99, 607-611
    • Galiléia
      • Sapucaia do Norte
Cassedanne, J.P. & Baptista, A. (1999): Famous Mineral Localities: The Sapucaia Pegmatite Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 30: 347-360 + 365
    • Igarapé
      • Itatiaiuçu hills
Luiz Alberto Dias Menezes,Fo.
No reference listed
Robinson, G.W. (1993): What's New in Minerals ? Mineralogical Record 24: 49
  • Pará
    • Monte Alegre
      • Maicuru range
Lemos, V. P., & da Costa, M. C. (1989). Mineralogical aspects of the laterites of Maicuru. Sociedade Brasileira de Geoquimica, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); 531 p; 1989; p. 375-384; 13. International Geochemical Exploration Symposium. 2. Brazilian Geochemical Congress; Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); 1-6 Oct 1989
  • Paraíba
    • Pedra Lavrada
Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Bulgaria
 
  • Haskovo Province
    • Mineralni Bani Municipality
      • Spachievo ore field (Spahievo ore field)
Kunov, A. & Petrov, P. (2001): Beaverite from the Chala gold-base metal ore deposit: a new mineral for Bulgaria. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 38, 67-71.; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
  • Kardzhali Province
    • Momchilgrad
Kunov, A. & Mandova, E. (1997): Supergene minerals of the Obichnik Au-Ag deposit (Eastern Rhodopes). Spisanie na Bulgarskoto Geologichesko Druzhestvo 58, 19-24. (in Bulgarian)
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
    • Fort Norman
Can Min vol 25 pp 221-226 (1987)
  • Yukon
    • Watson Lake mining district
      • Itsy Mountains
Maggie Wilson
Cape Verde
 
  • Barlavento Islands
Figueiredo, M. O.; Pereira da Silva, T.; Veiga, J. P.; Chevallier, P. (2003): Phosphatization of basaltic rocks from Sal Island, Cape Verde Archipelago: A microtopochemical approach using synchrotron radiation X-ray fluorescence. Journal de Physique IV: Proceedings, 104 (X-Ray Microscopy), 399-402.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Mejillones
        • Mejillones peninsula
XRD and SEM-EDS by Igor V. Pekov
    • El Loa Province
      • San Pedro de Atacama
Francisco Velasco, Noelia de la Pinta, Fernando Tornos, Thomas Briezewski, Aitor Larrañaga (2020) The relationship of destinezite to the acid sulfate alteration at the El Laco magnetite deposit, Chile. American Mineralogist, 105 (6): 860–872.
China
 
  • Fujian
    • Nanping
      • Yanping District
Zhaolin Li, Jinzhang Zhang, Qizhi Wu, and Zhonghui Ouyang (1983): Mineral Deposits 2(2)
  • Guangxi
Xunyi Wang (1982): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 2(2), 154-156
  • Guizhou
    • Bijie
      • Zhijin County
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
  • Hunan
    • Chenzhou
      • Suxian District
Damao Wu and Yansong Tan (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(9), 34-36; Anthony, J.W. et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy
Hunan 230 Laboratory, Hunan 305 Geological Team, Wuhan Geological Institution X-ray Laboratory (1976): Acta Geologica Sinica 50(2), 203-204.
  • Jiangxi
    • Fuzhou
      • Chongren Co.
        • Xiangshan Uranium ore field
Rengui Wu and Dagan Yu (2000): Uranium Geology 16(4), 204-211
      • Le'an Co.
        • Xiangshan Uranium ore field
          • Zoujiashan ore district
Rengui Wu and Dagan Yu (2000): Uranium Geology 16(4), 204-211
    • Ji'an
      • Suichuan Co.
Yunhuai Lin and Shiyang Chen (1985): Geology and Prospecting 21(3), 23-31
    • Shangrao
      • Dexing Co.
        • Yinshan ore field
Mangen Li, Baoqun Hu, Lihong Bai, Guolin Guo, Zhengqi Wang, and Zhenxing Wang (2007): Geotectonica et Metallogenia 31(3), 353-358
      • Yanshan Co. (Qianshan Co.)
Rengui Wu and Dagan Yu (2000): Uranium Geology 16(4), 204-211
  • Xinjiang
    • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Lopnur Co. (Yuli Co.; Weili Co.)
Keqiao Chen, Tinggao Yu, Cunhuan Huang, and Zhizhong Peng (1981): Geological Review 27(4), 360-364
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Qinghe Co. (Qinggil Co.; Chinggil Co.)
Denghong Wang, Yuchuan Chen, and Zhigang Xu (2001): Acta Geologica Sinica 80(3), 419-425
Colombia
 
  • San Andrés y Providencia Department
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 760.
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Benešov District
      • Votice (Wotitz)
        • Líštěnec
Vrtiška L., Malíková R., Sejkora J. (2016): An interresting phosphate occurence around líštěnec near Votice (Czech Republic). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze 24 (1): 114-131. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/310616264_An_interresting_phosphate_occurence_around_listenec_near_votice_Czech_republic
    • Beroun District
      • Hořovice
Zepharovich (1867) Königliche Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Sitzber.: 56: 24.
Černý P., Černý P., Vrtiška L., Malíková R., Exnar P. (2015) Jarosit a doprovodné minerály z opuštěného lomu Milina u Zaječova (Česká republika). Bull., mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha) 23, 2, 242-246. ISSN 1211-0329. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305164945_Jarosite_and_accompanying_minerals_from_abandoned_quarry_Milina_near_Zajecov_Czech_Republic
Vrtiška L., Sejkora J., Malíková R. (2018) An interesting secondary phosphates association with allanpringite from abandoned iron deposit Krušná Hora near Beroun, Czech Republic. Central European Mineralogical Conference 2018, Banská Štiavnica.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 759; Pauliš, P.: Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Čech. Kutná Hora: Kuttna, 2000, s. 101.
    • Příbram District
      • Počepice
Vrtiška L., Loun J., Malíková R., Sejkora J. (2016):Fluorwavellit a variscit z Počepic u Sedlčan (Česká republika)_(Fluorwavellite and variscite from Počepice near Sedlčany (Czech Republic)), Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. 24, 2, 285-297. (with english abstract) https://www.researchgate.net/publication/318109106_Fluorwavellite_and_variscite_from_Pocepice_near_Sedlcany_Czech_Republic
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Sokolov District
      • Krásno
        • Vysoký Kámen
Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P., Fikar, M., Veselovský, F., Mach, Z. & Gabašová, A. (2006): New data on mineralogy of the Vysoký Kámen deposits near Krásno, Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 43-55.
  • Liberec Region
    • Semily District
      • Jilemnice
Pauliš, P.: Dufrenit z Poniklé v Krkonoších. Minerál, 2003, r. 11, č. 3, str. 166 – 168
  • Plzeň Region
    • Rokycany District
Janouš, F.: Minerály z Kněží hory u Těškova (okres Rokycany), Minerál, 1995, roč. 3, č. 6, s. 367-369.
  • South Bohemian Region
    • Písek District
Sejkora J., Cícha J., Jebavá I.: Minerální asociace fosfátů z Čížové u Písku (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2011, 19, 1, 1-26.
  • Vysočina Region
    • Pelhřimov District
      • Černovice
Vrtiška L, Sejkora J, Malíková R, Kadlec T (2017) Revize a nové nálezy fosfátů na historickém nalezišti Černovice u Tábora (Česká republika). Bull Mineral Petrolog 25(2)
    • Třebíč District
Roman Gramblička collection
DR Congo
 
  • Haut-Katanga
    • Kambove District
      • Shinkolobwe
MinRec 20:287-288
  • North Kivu
    • Rutshuru Territory
      • Bwito
Nasraoui, M., Bilal, E., & Gibert, R. (1999). Fresh and weathered pyrochlore studies by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy coupled with thermal analysis. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(4), 567-567.
  • South Kivu
    • Shabunda Territory
Mills, S. J., Birch, W. D., Kampf, A. R. & van Wambeke, L. (2010) Kobokoboite, Al6(PO4)4(OH)6•11H2O, a new mineral from the Kobokobo pegmatite, Democratic Republic of the Congo. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(2)
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Vichy
        • Échassières
Frank de Wit collection; Uwe Kolitsch collection and SXRD-analysis
Chlooet Pascal collection
Luigi Chiappino collection
Le Règne Minéral, (33), 5-25.
  • Martinique
    • Arrondissement of Le Marin
      • Le Diamant
Lacroix, A. (1910): Minéralogie de la France et de ses colonies, Librairie Polytechnique, Ch. Béranger Editeur, Tome IV, 482.
    • Arrondissement of Saint-Pierre
      • Le Prêcheur
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 760.
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Creuse
      • Aubusson
        • Soumans
          • Montebras
Pirard, C., Hatert, F., and Fransolet, A.-M. (2007) Alteration sequences of aluminium phosphates from Montebras Pegmatite, Massif Central, France. Granitic Pegmatites: The State of the Art – International Symposium. 06th – 12th May 2007, Porto, Portugal.; Patureau, J., Chiaperro, P.-J., and Lebocey, J. (2011) Mines et minéraux de Montebras, Soumans (Creuse). Le Règne Minéral, 99, 5-33.
  • Occitanie
    • Aveyron
      • Villefranche-de-Rouergue
        • Rieupeyroux
Jean-Marie Laurent Collection
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
Berbain,C., Riley, T., Favreau, G., (2012): Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères (Pyrénées-Orientales). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs. 117, 121-172
      • Céret
        • Collioure
BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012) Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association Française de Microminéralogie
    • Tarn
      • Castres
        • Fontrieu
          • Fumade
GAYRAUD, L. (2010): Gisement de phosphates de Castelnau-de-Brassac aux environs de Fumade (Tarn), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 107, 12-17.
  • Pays de la Loire
    • Loire-Atlantique
      • Châteaubriant-Ancenis
        • Pannecé
Lukas, Yann (1978) Roches et minéraux de Bretagne. Editions Ouest-France, 33 pp. [p. 20.]; Lheur, C. (1993) Les minéralisations de l'ancienne carrière de La Floquerie près de Pannecé (Loire-Atlantique). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 4, 14-21.
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Franconia
      • Bayreuth District
        • Mehlmeisel
Meier, S. (2007): Das Flötztal im südlichen Fichtelgebirge. Lapis 32, 17-20; 58.
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Amberg-Sulzbach District
        • Auerbach in der Oberpfalz
          • Nitzlbuch (Nitzelbuch)
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Neustadt an der Waldnaab District
        • Waidhaus
Dill, H. G., Škoda, R., & Weber, B. (2011). Preliminary results of a newly-discovered lazulite–scorzalite pegmatite–aplite in the Hagendorf-Pleystein Pegmatite Province, SE Germany. Asociación Geológica Argentina, Serie D, Publicación Especial, (14), 79-81.
Mücke, A. & Keck, E. (2011): Karbonate aus dem Pegmatit von Hagendorf-Süd/Opf.: Zusammensetzung, Verbreitung und begleitende Phosphat-Mineralien (Apatit, Hagendorfit und Eosphorit-Gruppe) - darunter einige Neufunde (Triplit, Mineralien der Arrojadit-Dickinsonit Reihe, Goyazit und Variscit). Aufschluss 62, 87-117.; Grey, I. E., Macrae, C. M., Keck, E., & Birch, W. D. (2012). Aluminium-bearing strunzite derived from jahnsite at the Hagendorf-Süd pegmatite, Germany. Mineralogical Magazine, 76(5), 1165-1174.
Dill, H. G., Weber, B., Gerdes, A., & Melcher, F. (2008). The Fe-Mn phosphate apliteSilbergrube'near Waidhaus, Germany: epithermal phosphate mineralization in the Hagendorf-Pleystein pegmatite province. Mineralogical Magazine, 72(5), 1119-1144.
  • Hesse
    • Darmstadt
      • Bergstraße
        • Heppenheim
          • Kirschhausen
A. Wittern: Mineralfundorte in Deutschland, Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
    • Giessen Region
      • Giessen
        • Biebertal
          • Rodheim-Bieber
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
      • Lahn-Dill
        • Lahnau
          • Waldgirmes
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
      • Limburg-Weilburg
        • Weinbach
XRD and SEM-EDS by Gerhard Möhn and Joy Desor
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Hochsauerlandkreis
        • Bestwig
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Sundern
          • Altenhellefeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
          • Hellefeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
      • Soest
        • Warstein
          • Hirschberg
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Rhein-Lahn District
      • Aar-Einrich
        • Mudershausen
https://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Rheinland-Pfalz/Rhein-Lahn-Kreis/Katzenelnbogen/Grube%20Zollhaus
    • Westerwald District
      • Wirges
        • Dernbach
in the collection of Christof Schäfer
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Mansfeld-Südharz
      • Südharz
        • Stolberg
          • Großer Auerberg
Gröbner, J., W. Hajek, R. Junker & J. Nikoleizig (2011). Neue Mineralienschätze des Harzes. S.112. Papierflieger-Verlag, Clausthal-Zellerfeld.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Ehrenfriedersdorf
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Görlitz District
      • Neißeaue
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2013): Seltene Phosphate und Vanadate von Emmerichswalde bei Görlitz/Sachsen. Mineralien-Welt 24 (2), 40-55
      • Niesky
        • Horscha
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001; Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2007): Der Schieferabbau Pansberg bei Horscha in der Lausitz, Sachsen. Lapis 32 (7-8), 68-73; 86.
    • Mittelsachsen
      • Frankenberg
        • Langenstriegis
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 759.
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Vogtlandkreis
      • Plauen
        • Meßbach
Journ.prakt.Chem. (1837) 10, 506; Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 759.; Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
  • Thuringia
    • Greiz District
      • Zeulenroda-Triebes
Pestel, S. & Kasiske, J. (2007): Fundstellen im Vogtland: Jarosit-Kristalle aus Weckersdorf. Mineralien-Welt 18(5), 32-34.
    • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Hungary
 
  • Heves County
    • Parádfürdő
Szakáll: 100 Hungarian Mineral Loc., 2004
Iceland
 
  • Northeastern Region
    • Skútustaðahreppur
      • Myvatn
Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Iran
 
  • Yazd Province
    • Bafq County
Yaghubpur, A., and Mehrabi, B. (1997): J. Sci. I. R. Iran 8(2), 117-126.
Ireland
 
  • Munster
    • Cork County
      • Tracton
        • Minane Bridge
No reference listed
Israel
 
  • Haifa District
    • Mount Carmel
Weiner, S., Goldberg, P., & Bar-Yosef, O. (1993). Bone preservation in Kebara Cave, Israel using on-site Fourier transform infrared spectrometry. Journal of Archaeological Science, 20(6), 613-627.
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Metropolitan City of Cagliari
      • Sarroch
Stara, P., Tanca, G., Rizzo, R. and Ibba, A. (1996) Cacoxenite, wavellite ed altri fosfati in Sardegna. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 20, 4 (4-1996), 321-323.
      • Sinnai
Marini, C., Gimeno, D., Sistu, G. (1989) Le mineralizzazioni a variscite del Sarrabus (Sardegna SE). Bollettino della Società Geologica Italiana, 108, 2, 357-367; Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Brizzi, G. (1993) Sarrabus. Miniere e Minerali. Associazione Mineralogica Sarda, Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo, Associazione Piemontese Mineralogia Paleontologia e Mostra Torinese Minerali, Centro Mineralogico Varesino, Amici Mineralogisti Fiorentini, Gruppo Mineralogico Paleontologico Piacentino, et al., Stige Milano Srl, Milano, 208 pp.
    • South Sardinia Province
      • San Vito
Marini, C., Gimeno, D., Sistu, G. (1989) Le mineralizzazioni a variscite del Sarrabus (Sardegna SE). Bollettino della Società Geologica Italiana, 108, 2, 357-367; Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Brizzi, G. (1993) Sarrabus. Miniere e Minerali. Associazione Mineralogica Sarda, Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo, Associazione Piemontese Mineralogia Paleontologia e Mostra Torinese Minerali, Centro Mineralogico Varesino, Amici Mineralogisti Fiorentini, Gruppo Mineralogico Paleontologico Piacentino, et al., Stige Milano Srl, Milano, 208 pp.
      • Villaputzu
Pelloux, A. (1912) Variscite del Sarrabus (Sardegna). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, serie 3a, 45, 470-472; Sitzia R. (1966) Spettri I.R. di alcuni fosfati naturali. Rendiconti del Seminario della Facoltà di Scienze dell'Università di Cagliari, 36, 1-11; Marchesini, A., De Michele, V. (1967) Su un affioramento fosfatico nel Sarrabus (Sardegna). Nota Preliminare. Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali, 106, 2, 167-170; Conti-Vecchi, G. (1971) La variscite di Villaputzu (Sardegna centro-orientale). Rendiconti del Seminario della Facoltà di Scienze dell'Università di Cagliari, 41, 7-13; Marini, C., Gimeno, D., Sistu, G. (1989) Le mineralizzazioni a variscite del Sarrabus (Sardegna SE). Bollettino della Società Geologica Italiana, 108, 2, 357-367; Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Brizzi, G. (1993) Sarrabus. Miniere e Minerali. Associazione Mineralogica Sarda, Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo, Associazione Piemontese Mineralogia Paleontologia e Mostra Torinese Minerali, Centro Mineralogico Varesino, Amici Mineralogisti Fiorentini, Gruppo Mineralogico Paleontologico Piacentino, et al., Stige Milano Srl, Milano, 208 pp.
  • Sicily
    • Syracuse Province
      • Melilli
Audra, P., De Waele, J., Bentaleb, I., Chroňáková, A., Krištůfek, V., D’Angeli, I. M., ... & Cailhol, D. (2019). Guano-related phosphate-rich minerals in European caves. International Journal of Speleology, 48(1), 75-105.
    • Trapani Province
      • Castellammare del Golfo
Audra, P., De Waele, J., Bentaleb, I., Chroňáková, A., Krištůfek, V., D’Angeli, I. M., ... & Cailhol, D. (2019). Guano-related phosphate-rich minerals in European caves. International Journal of Speleology, 48(1), 75-105.
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Pietrasanta
        • Valdicastello Carducci
Senesi F., 2000. Koninckite e altri fosfati della miniera del Pollone (Valdicastello Carducci, Lucca). Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 46-48.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaidō Prefecture
    • Hidaka Subprefecture
      • Saru District
        • Monbetsu (Mombetsu)
Ito (1975) Chigaku Kenkyu, 26, 217-220.
  • Shizuoka Prefecture
    • Shimoda City
      • Rendaiji
Takashi Yamada, Tokuhei Tagai, Takeshi Kojiro, Akira Harada, and Yasuhiro Kosuge (1999) Rare Minerals from Kawazu Mine, Shizuoka Prefecture. Chikyu-Wakusei Godo-Taikai Koen-Yoshi (Abstract of the Joint Meeting of the Societies of Earth and Planetary Sciences), conference presentation, Mc-002
  • Tochigi Prefecture
    • Nikko City
      • Imaichi
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Yamaguchi Prefecture
    • Abu District
      • Abu town
Matsubara, S. & A. Kato: Phosphates from the Hinomaru-Nako mine, Abu-cho, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Western Japan: Mem.Natn.Sci.Mus., Tokyo, 30,167-183(1998)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Jambyl Region
    • Talas Alatau Range (Talas Ala-Too Range)
Ankinovich, E.A, Bekenova, G.K., Shabanova, T.A., Zazubina, I.S., and Sandomirskaya, S.M. (1997): Mitryaevaite, Al10((PO4)8.7(SO3OH)1.3)10AlF3.3OH2O, a new mineral species from a Cambrian carbonaceous chert formation, Karatau Range and Zhabagly Mountains, Southern Kazakhstan. Canadian Mineralogist 35(6), 1415-1419.
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Batken Region
Karpenko, V.Yu. et al. Zapiski RMO 138(1)83(2009)
Liberia
 
  • Gbarpolu County
    • Bopolu
Sam Rosenblum and S.P. Srivastava (1979) The Bambuta phosphate deposit, Liberia; a reconnaissance report. USGS Bulletin 1480
Malaysia
 
  • Kuala Lumpur
Wurster, C. M., Munksgaard, N., Zwart, C., & Bird, M. (2015). The biogeochemistry of insectivorous cave guano: a case study from insular Southeast Asia. Biogeochemistry, 124(1-3), 163-175.
  • Sarawak
Mineralogical Magazine (1983): 47: 79-80.
McFarlane, D. A., & Lundberg, J. (2018). New records of guano-associated minerals from caves in northwestern Borneo. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 1.
Mali
 
  • Sikasso Region
    • Kadiolo Cercle
Gineste, C. (2012): N'golokasso, une occurrence de phosphates dans le Sud Mali. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 110-120
Mexico
 
  • Coahuila
    • Cuatro Ciénegas Municipality
      • Cuatro Ciénegas (Cuatrociénegas de Carranza; Venustiano Carranza)
        • Limestone caves
Forti, P. et al. (2006): ACTA CARSOLOGICA 35/1, 79–98.
  • Queretaro
    • Tolimán Municipality
      • Soyatal
Panczner (1987): 389.
Mozambique
 
  • Zambezia Province
    • Alto Ligonha District
Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Dâures
Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 409 (in English).
Der Aufschluss 36:117-119
Pacific Ocean
 
  • Clarion-Clipperton zone
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 760.
Peru
 
  • Junín
J.Hyrsl (2012) Gemstones of Peru, p. 79
Philippines
 
  • Visayas
    • Western Visayas Region
      • Palawan Province
        • Palawan Island
Wurster, C. M., Munksgaard, N., Zwart, C., & Bird, M. (2015). The biogeochemistry of insectivorous cave guano: a case study from insular Southeast Asia. Biogeochemistry, 124(1-3), 163-175.
Wurster, C. M., Munksgaard, N., Zwart, C., & Bird, M. (2015). The biogeochemistry of insectivorous cave guano: a case study from insular Southeast Asia. Biogeochemistry, 124(1-3), 163-175.
Choa, O., Gallet, X., Dizon, E., Ronquillo, W., Jago-on, S. C., Ghaleb, B., ... & Sémah, F (2014). Chronology and palaeoenvironmental significance of Pleistocene deposits in Tabon Cave, Palawan, the Philippines. UISSP Session A26 Southeast Asia: Human Evolution, Dispersals and Adaptation
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Ząbkowice Śląskie County
      • Gmina Ząbkowice Śląskie
        • Brodziszów
Eligiusz Szełęg Collection
  • Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship
    • Kielce County
Gucwa, I.; Pelczar, A.; Wieser, T. (1960): Variscites from Wisniowka (Holy Cross Mts.). Bull. Acad. Polon. Sci., Ser. Sci., Geol. Geograph. 8 (1), 37-43.; J. Witkowski
Personally collected by Zając Piotr in 2008-2012
Portugal
 
  • Bragança
    • Torre de Moncorvo
      • Felgar e Souto da Velha
Pedro Alves collection. Characterized by p-XRD
Pedro Alves collection
    • Vinhais
António Manuel Ináçio Martins collection
      • Rebordelo
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
  • Viana do Castelo
    • Ponte da Barca
      • Touvedo (São Lourenço e Salvador)
Self-find by Nuno Afonso; optical and XRD analysed
      • Vila Chã (São João Baptista e Santiago)
PROSPEG – Projecto de prospecção, análise distanciada e detecção remota de pegmatitos; Sinergeo, Lda. e Universidade do Minho (2013)
    • Ponte de Lima
      • Cabração e Moreira do Lima
        • Moreira do Lima
Pedro Alves collection
    • Viana do Castelo
      • Montaria
Dias P, Leal Gomes C, Guimarães F, Hatert F (2014) Wylie reaction coronas on scorzalite in pegmatite dykes. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 265
  • Viseu
    • Mangualde
      • Quintela de Azurara
Romania
 
  • Hunedoara
    • Cerna valley
Onac, B. P. (2009): ACTA CARSOLOGICA 38/1, 27-39
    • Hunedoara
      • Boșorod
Onac, B.P., Kearns, J., Breban, R., and Pânzaru, S.C. (2005): Proceedings of the Annual Scientific Session of The Geological Society of Romania, Rosia Montana, 20-21 May 2005, 93.
  • Suceava
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Russia
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Plastovsky District
      • Svetlyi
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data; Local geolofist S.V.Kolesnichenko data
Rwanda
 
  • Western Province
Bertossa, A., 1967. Inventaire des minéraux du Rwanda. Bulletin du Service Géologique de Rwanda 4, 25-45.
    • Ngororero
      • Gatumba
Bertossa, A. (1968) Inventaire des minéraux du Rwanda. Bulletin du Service Géologique de Rwanda: 4: 25-45.; Daltry, V.D.C. and von Knorring, O. (1998) Type-mineralogy of Rwanda with particular reference to the Buranga pegmatite. Geologica Belgica: 1: 9-15.
F. Hatert, P. Lefèvre, A.M. Fransolet, M.R. Spirlet, F. Fontan, P. Keller : "Ferrorosemaryite, []NaFe2+Fe3+Al(PO4)3, a new phosphate mineral from the Rubindi pegmatite, Rwanda", Bull. Liaison S.F.M.C., Vol. 16, 2004, pp 44-45.; Lefèvre, P., Fransolet, A. M., Fontan, F., & Keller, P. Petrographic study of the Al-rich phosphate mineral associations of the Rubindi-Kabilizi pegmatite, Gatumba area, Rwanda.
Senegal
 
  • Tambacounda Region
    • Falémé River basin
      • Saraya
Gineste, C. & Bantsimba, C. (2005): Sénégalite et phosphates associés de Kouroudiako, Falémé, Sénégal. Le Règne Minéral, 65, 13-24.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica District
      • Špania Dolina
Koděra, M., a kol.: Topografická mineralogie Slovenska. Sv. 3 Sed-Ž, Bratislava, Veda 1990, s. 1247-1256.
    • Revúca District
      • Sirk
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 759.
  • Košice Region
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
South Africa
 
  • Gauteng
    • West Rand District (West Rand)
      • Far West Rand (West Wits Line)
        • Western Sector
          • Carletonville
Martini, I. (1978). Mineralogy of the Transvaal caves. South African Journal of Geology, 81(1), 47-54.
  • Limpopo
    • Capricorn District
Martini, I. (1978). Mineralogy of the Transvaal caves. South African Journal of Geology, 81(1), 47-54.
    • Waterberg District
      • Thabazimbi
        • Glenover carbonatite
Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
  • Mpumalanga
    • Ehlanzeni District
      • Mbombela (Nelspruit)
Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
  • North West
    • Dr Kenneth Kaunda District
      • Ventersdorp
Martini, I. (1978). Mineralogy of the Transvaal caves. South African Journal of Geology, 81(1), 47-54.
  • Western Cape
    • West Coast District
Miller, C. E., Mentzer, S. M., Berthold, C., Leach, P., Ligouis, B., Tribolo, C., ... & Porraz, G. (2016). Site-formation processes at Elands Bay Cave, South Africa. Southern African Humanities, 29(1), 69-128.
Spain
 
  • Castile and Leon
    • Zamora
      • Aliste
Arribas, A.; Galán, E.; Martín Pozas, J.M.; Nicolau, J. & Salvador, P. (1971): Estudio mineralógico de la variscita de Palazuelo de las Cuevas, Zamora (España). 115-132. Emilio Galan. & Salvador Mirete. ( I.G.M.E.1979): Introducción a los Minerales de España. 312. Collection J.A.CENDON. Collection Francisco Javier Gutierrez Nuez.
Jordi Fabre
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Baix Llobregat
F. Costa et al. , "Current Research in Geology Applied to Ore Deposits", P. Fenoll Hach-Ali et al. Editors, University of Granada, Spain, 1993.
          • Bruguers
Bareche, E (2005) "Els minerals de Catalunya. Segle XX" Ed. Grup Mineralògic Català, Barcelona, 269 p.
Díaz-Acha, Y.; Campeny, M.; Tauler, E.; Bosch, J.; Melgarejo, J.C.; Camprubí, A.; Villanova-de-Benavent, C.; Jorge-Villar, S.E.; Díaz-Ontiveros, I.; Fernández-Lluch, D.; Proenza, J.A.; Andreazini, A.; Pastor, M. (2020) Critical Elements in Supergene Phosphates: The Example of the Weathering Profile at the Gavà Neolithic Mines, Catalonia, Spain. Minerals 10, 3.
        • Sant Feliu de Llobregat
          • Collserola mountain range
            • Santa Creu d'Olorda
Bareche, E. (2005): "Els minerals de Catalunya: segle XX". Grup Mineralògic Català & Institució Catalana d'Historia Natural. Barcelona.
      • Barcelonès
        • Barcelona city
          • Collserola mountain range
            • Santa Creu d'Olorda
J L Bravo collection
      • Maresme
Joan Rosell - Carles Gili
        • Tordera
Marc C collection
      • Vallès Occidental
        • Montcada i Reixac
Mineralogistes de Catalunya (1997), VII (1): 34-55
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
Joan Rosell (02/2016)
J. Rosell (02/2016)
  • Galicia
    • Pontevedra
      • Tomiño
Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.
Sudan
 
  • North Kordofan
    • Nuba Mountains
Adam, A. A., Eltayeb, M. A. H., & Ibrahim, O. B. (2014). Uranium recovery from Uro area phosphate ore, Nuba Mountains, Sudan. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 7(5), 758-769.
Sweden
 
  • Norrbotten County
    • Kiruna
      • Svappavaara
Bjällerud, C-G. (1989): Phospate minerlas from the Leveäniemi Iron Mine, Svappavaara, Sweden. Mineralogical Record. 20(5):343-346
Taiwan
 
  • New Taipei City
    • Ruifang District
James Huang
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • St Endellion
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • Treverbyn
        • Stenalees
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
UK Journal of Mines and Minerals, No. 14 p27
    • Cumbria
      • Allerdale
        • Above Derwent
          • Causey Pike
            • Scar Crag
BMS Database; Young, B. (1988) Wavellite and Variscite from Scar Crag Cobalt Mine, Cumbria. The Cumberland Geological Society, Proceedings 5(1):13-16.
    • Devon
      • North Devon
        • Bishop's Tawton
Alysson Rowan Collection
        • West Buckland
BMS Database
  • Wales
    • Swansea
      • Pennard
Ian Jones collection
Uruguay
 
  • Lavalleja Department
    • Minas
Eckel, E.B. and Milton, C. (1953) Economic Geology, 48, #6, 437-446.
USA
 
  • Alabama
    • Cherokee Co.
Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
  • Arizona
    • Apache County
      • Cane Valley Mining District
        • Yazzie Mesa
          • Monument No. 2 channel
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 412.
    • Cochise County
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.:66
Rolf Luetcke
  • Arkansas
    • Garland Co.
      • Avant
Arthur E. Smith (2008) Mineral News, 24, #8, 7-8.
Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:346-350
Rocks & Min.:64:296.
Arthur E. Smith (2008) Mineral News, 24, #8, 7.
      • Hot Springs
Arthur E. Smith (2008) Mineral News, 24, #8, 8.
      • Wilson Springs (Potash Sulfur Springs)
        • Union Carbide Mine
R&M 70:3 pp 154-170
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Mauldin Mountain
Rocks & Min.: 56:190.
Rocks & Min.: 63:112.
      • North Mountain
Rocks & Min.: 63:113; 64:294; Sick (1984).
    • Polk Co.
      • Big Fork
Rocks & Min.:63:118.
  • California
    • El Dorado Co.
      • Slate Mountains
        • Slate Mountain District
          • Slate Mountain
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 380; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 304, 311; www.mineralsocal.org
  • Colorado
    • Routt Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
  • Florida
    • Polk Co.
      • Central Florida Phosphate Mining District (Bone Valley)
        • Homeland
Denicourt, R., Micromounters of New England program, NE meeting program, May 1984; Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
        • Noralyn/Phosphoria Mines (IMC-Agrico)
Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
  • Georgia
    • Burke Co.
      • Girard District
Jason Smith & M.E. Ciriotti (2005) [m.ciriotti@tin.it]
    • Lincoln Co.
Barwood,Henry.,(1999)Phosphate Minerals at Graves Mountain,Georgia;Graves Mountain and Magruder Mine,Southeastern Geological Society Guidebook No.38,April 23-25,1999
  • Idaho
    • Fremont Co.
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
  • Missouri
USGS National Geochemical Database :Rocks - File D521473
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Carlin Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 769; Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Bull 78 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Esmeralda County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 78 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Esmeralda County, Nevada; NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968)
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Coaldale Mining District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Bull 78 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Esmeralda County, Nevada
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Crow Springs Mining District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Gilbert Mining District
NBMG Bull 78 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Esmeralda County, Nevada
      • Goldfield Mining District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Carlin Trend
        • Maggie Creek Mining Subdistrict
MinRec 26(5):449-469.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Lynn Mining District
        • Elko
Mineralogical Record 26:467
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Online Documents OF06-19 - Nevada Uranium and Thorium Occurrences
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Buffalo Mountain Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Iron Point Mining District
        • Valmy
Dr. William S. Wise presentation to Northwest Micro Mineral Study Group on 1 May 2004, Update on Mineralogy of the Silver Coin Mine, Iron Point District, Edna Mountains, Humboldt Co., Nevada
      • Osgood Mountains
        • Potosi Mining District
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lander Co.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Birch Creek Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Bullion Mining District
Rockpick Legend specimen
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
Dr. Tony Kampf of the Los Angeles Museum of Natural History xrayed a representative sample of the material and got a good match for variscite.
      • Reese River Mining District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lyon Co.
      • Singatse Range
        • Yerington Mining District
          • Yerington
Jeremy Zolan
    • Mineral Co.
      • Candelaria Mining District
Kampf, A.R., Adams, P.M. and Nash, B.P. (2016) Whiteite-(CaMgMg),CaMg3Al2(PO4)4(OH)2·8H2O, a New Jahnsite-group Mineral from the Northern Belle Mine, Candelaria, Nevada, U.S.A. Canadian Mineralogist. 54: 1513-1523.
        • Candelaria Silver Mine
Collection of Kelly Starnes 1990
NBMG Bull 58 Geology and Mineral Resources of Mineral County, Nevada
      • Silver Star Mining District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968)
    • Nye Co.
      • San Antonio Mountains
        • Tonopah Mining District
          • Tonopah
personal referernce
      • Toquima Range
        • Manhattan Mining District
          • Manhattan
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Bull 99B Geology and Mineral Resources of Northern Nye County, Nevada; USGS Bull 723
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Northumberland Mining District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
      • Humboldt Range
        • Willard Mining District
[MinRec 39:297]; MinRec 32:239; U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • White Pine Co.
      • Robinson Mining District
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
  • New Mexico
    • Santa Fe Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • North Carolina
    • Alamance Co.
      • Snow Camp
Jason B. Smith collection
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain Mining District
Indentified by EDS, 2004 . Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.150243-00
    • Forsyth Co.
Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No. 123054-00
    • Randolph Co.
MinRec 8:392-393
  • Pennsylvania
    • Centre Co.
      • State College
        • Skytop
U.S. Geological Survey/ U.s. Department of the Interior
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Carlisle
        • Waggoners Gap
Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Society of PA, Inc.: 76-77; Grant, Raymond W. (Apr, 1973), Pa Mins. (PM), PM(124), Keystone Newsletter.
      • Mount Holly Springs
Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Mins. New to the Pa List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Soc. of PA, Inc.: 76; Gordon, S. G. (1925), "Variscite.... & Other Phosphates, from Moore's Mill, Cumberland Co., PA," Mineral Note No. 2:4-7, Acad. Nat. Sci. of Phila. Proc., Vol. 77, (1926).
    • Snyder Co.
      • Perry Township
        • Mount Pleasant Mills
          • Lime Ridge
K. Cabaniss & L.E. Kearns (2011) The 38th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 14-17, 2011, lecture abstracts, page 13.
  • South Carolina
    • Cherokee Co.
      • Kings Creek Mining District
        • Kings Creek Mine
Rocks & Minerals 54:4 pp173-175
  • South Dakota
    • Lawrence Co.
      • Bald Mountain Mining District (Portland Mining District)
Loomis, T. (2011), "News from the Black Hills, South Dakota", Mineral News, in press
      • Trojan Mining District
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
  • Tennessee
    • Cocke Co.
      • Del Rio Mining District
        • Del Rio
R&M 72:4 pp 268-270
  • Utah
    • Box Elder Co.
      • Curlew Valley
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Pilot Range
        • Lucin Mining District
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
          • Lucin
            • Utahlite Hill
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 769.
J. Marty (1995) Minerals of the Utahlite Claim (Edison and Bird Mine), Lucin, Box Elder County, Utah. Microprobe 8-2:4-10; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Shubat, M. A. (1988). Scandium-bearing Aluminum Phosphate Deposits of Utah. Utah Geological and Mineral Survey, Department of Natural Resources and Energy, State of Utah. RI 209
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Promontory Mountains
        • Promontory Mining District
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Salt Lake Co.
Rob Lavinsky
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
      • Oquirrh Mountains
        • Mercur Mining District (Camp Floyd Mining District)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Stansbury Mountains
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 759, 837.; American Mineralogist 27:443; Shubat, M. A. (1988). Scandium-bearing Aluminum Phosphate Deposits of Utah. Utah Geological and Mineral Survey, Department of Natural Resources and Energy, State of Utah. RI 209
    • Uintah Co.
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com] http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,7,326639,326639,page=1#msg-326639
    • Utah Co.
      • Oquirrh Mountains
        • Fairfield
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 958, 976.
Wilson, W. (2010): The Clay Canyon Variscite Mine, Fairfield Utah. Mineralogical Record. 41:321-349.
        • Mercur Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Virginia
    • Buckingham Co.
      • Farmville Mining District
        • Sprouses Corner
Mitchell, R.S. & Fordham, O.M., Jr., Southeastern Geology 28(2),81-86(1987)
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Giles Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Rockbridge Co.
      • Lyndhurst-Vesuvius Mining District
Rocks & Min.: 57: 20-22 & 60: 168.
  • Wisconsin
    • Dodge Co.
      • Iron Ridge Mining District (Neda Iron Mining District)
Hawley, J. & A. Bevan (1934) Mineralogy and genesis of the Mayville iron ore of Wisconsin: american Mineralogist: 19 (11): 493- 514.
Hawley, J. & A. Bevan (1934) Mineralogy and genesis of the Mayville iron ore of Wisconsin: american Mineralogist: 19 (11): 493- 514.
Hawley, J. & A. Bevan (1934) Mineralogy and genesis of the Mayville iron ore of Wisconsin: american Mineralogist: 19 (11): 493- 514.
    • Jackson Co.
Klemic, Harry and Mary Mrose, (1972) Geologic relations and x-ray crystallography of wavellite from Jackson County, Wisconsin and their geologic implications: U.S.G.S. Professional Paper 800-C: C-53 - C-62. Falster, A.U. (1984) Wavellite in Jackson County, Wisconsin: Rocks and Minerals, 59 (3): 125-126.
Uzbekistan
 
  • Navoiy
    • Central Kyzylkum Region
      • Auminzatau Mountains
Pavel M. Kartashov data
      • Lyavlyakan-Beshkak ore field
Solodov, I.N., Nesterova, M.V., Shugina, G.A., Ganina, N.I., Shulik, L.S., and Solodov, D.I. (2001): Lithology and Mineral Resources 36(1), 43-62.
    • Kokpatas village
Mineraly Uzbekistana(Minerals of the Uzbekistan) - izd."FAN" UzbSSR-vol.1-4 - 1976-1977
Venezuela
 
  • Federal Dependencies
Shepard (1877); Jambor, J. L. (1963): Elroquite and phosphochromite discredited. Can. Mineral. 7, 676-677.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pages, 760.
 
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