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About XanthoconiteHide

Red-orange, yellow-orange, red-brown, brown
2 - 3
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
From Greek "xanthos", yellow, and "konis", powder, for the yellow colour of the streak.
Dimorph of:
Proustite Group. The monoclinic dimorph of proustite.

Classification of XanthoconiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
G : Sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites
A : Neso-sulfarsenites, etc. without additional S

4 : ø = 3

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
2 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Ag

Pronounciation of XanthoconiteHide

PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of XanthoconiteHide

Red-orange, yellow-orange, red-brown, brown
2 - 3 on Mohs scale
VHN25=71 - 93 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Distinct on {001}
5.54(14) g/cm3 (Measured)    5.53 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Chemical Properties of XanthoconiteHide


Crystallography of XanthoconiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.99 Å, b = 6.26 Å, c = 17.08 Å
β = 110°
a:b:c = 1.915 : 1 : 2.728
Unit Cell V:
1,204.67 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Tabular, laths, pyramids
pseudoorthorhombic twins

Type Occurrence of XanthoconiteHide

Synonyms of XanthoconiteHide

Other Language Names for XanthoconiteHide

Relationship of Xanthoconite to other SpeciesHide

Structurally related to group(s):

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Proustite44 photos of Xanthoconite associated with Proustite on mindat.org.
Marrite18 photos of Xanthoconite associated with Marrite on mindat.org.
Baryte10 photos of Xanthoconite associated with Baryte on mindat.org.
Quartz5 photos of Xanthoconite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Polybasite3 photos of Xanthoconite associated with Polybasite on mindat.org.
Arsenic2 photos of Xanthoconite associated with Arsenic on mindat.org.
Imiterite2 photos of Xanthoconite associated with Imiterite on mindat.org.
Jordanite2 photos of Xanthoconite associated with Jordanite on mindat.org.
Calcite2 photos of Xanthoconite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Tennantite2 photos of Xanthoconite associated with Tennantite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.GA.05ProustiteAg3AsS3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
2.GA.05PyrargyriteAg3SbS3Trig. 3m : R3c
2.GA.10PyrostilpniteAg3SbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.GA.15SamsoniteAg4MnSb2S6Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.GA.20SkinneriteCu3SbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.GA.20WitticheniteCu3BiS3Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
2.GA.25MückeiteNiCu(Bi,Sb)S3Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
2.GA.25MalyshevitePdCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
2.GA.25LisiguangitePtCuBiS3Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
2.GA.30AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12Trig. 3 : R3
2.GA.30NowackiiteCu6Zn3As4S12Trig. 3 : R3
2.GA.40RouthieriteTl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.GA.45ErniggliiteTl2SnAs2S6Trig. 3 : P3
2.GA.50BournonitePbCuSbS3Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.GA.50SeligmannitePbCuAsS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.2.1SmithiteAgAsS2Mon. 2/m
5.2.3ProustiteAg3AsS3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.2.5Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
5.2.6Pearceite-T2acTrig. 3 2 : P3 2 1
5.2.7ArgentotennantiteAg6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
5.2.8MiargyriteAgSbS2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.2.9PyrargyriteAg3SbS3Trig. 3m : R3c
5.2.10PyrostilpniteAg3SbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.2.11StephaniteAg5SbS4Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
5.2.12Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.2.13BillingsleyiteAg7AsS6Iso. 2 3 : P21 3
5.2.14Polybasite-TacTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
5.2.15FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-xIso. 4 3m : I4 3m
5.2.16AramayoiteAg3Sb2(Bi,Sb)S6Tric. 1 : P1
5.2.17MatilditeAgBiS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
5.2.19PavoniteAgBi3S5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.2.21BohdanowicziteAgBiSe2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
5.2.23Benleonardite[Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for XanthoconiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Breithaupt, A. (1840), Xanthokon, ein neues Glied der Ordnung der Blenden. Journal für Praktische Chemie: 20: 67-69.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 371-372.
Mineralogical Magazine (1950): 35: 72.
Acta Crystallographica (1968): B24: 77-81.

Internet Links for XanthoconiteHide

Localities for XanthoconiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Victoria
    • Campaspe Shire
      • Cornella
A. R. Seymon, 2006, Nickel Propectivity in Victoria, Geological Survey of Victoria Technical Record 2006/3
  • British Columbia
    • Nicola Mining Division
      • Coquihalla Pass
R. O. Meyer collection, composition confirmed by EDS/WDS analysis and morphological consistency
  • Ontario
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
        • Cobalt area
          • Coleman Township
Petruk (1971): The Silver-Arsenide Deposits of the Cobalt-Gowganda Region, Ontario. Can. Mineral. 11, 213
Dana 7:I:372.
the Canadian Mineralogist V 11 Part 1 1971
Petruk (1971): The Silver-Arsenide Deposits of the Cobalt-Gowganda Region, Ontario. Can. Mineral. 11, 196-231
        • Gowganda area
          • Haultain Township
RWMW Specimen
          • Nicol Township
Petruk (1971): The Silver-Arsenide Deposits of the Cobalt-Gowganda Region, Ontario. Can. Mineral. 11, 196-231; Ann P. Sabina (1974) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector: Cobalt-Belleferre-Timmins; Ontario and Quebec. Canadian Geological Survey Paper 73-13
        • South Lorrain Township
Dana 7:I: 311, 321 & 368; MinRec 13:109
  • Atacama
    • Copiapó Province
      • Chañarcillo
Dana 7:I:372.
A. Moesta; "Chlor, Brom und Jodverbindungen des Silbers in der natur"; Facultat zu Marburg; Schnellpressendruck von C.L. Pfeil, Marburg, 1869
    • Huasco Province
      • Vallenar
        • Agua Amarga District
sample collected by MDini, visual identification
Czech Republic
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Příbram District
      • Háje
Sejkora, J., Litochleb, J., Knížek, F., Škácha, P.: Charakteristika výskytu Ag-mineralizace na žíle H61Z pod 6. patrem, šachta 21, příbramský uran-polymetalický revír. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2007, roč. 14-15, s. 107-113.
      • Třebsko
Kašpar, P., Řídkošil, T., Šrein, V.: Minerogeneze žíly T 1 z Třebska u Příbrami. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1983, vol. 27, nos. 1-2, s. 61-96.
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Karlovy Vary District
Duda, Rejl, Slivka: "Mineralien", 1991
Hlousek, J. und Tvrdy, J. Lapis 7/8 (2002), p.43 (Geistergang)
  • Liberec Region
    • Liberec District
Fengl, M.: Mineralogie těžených fluoritových ložisek (1.). Minerál, 1998, 6, 2, 243–252.
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
      • Klášterec nad Ohří
No reference listed
- Hyrsl, J. & Korbel, P. (2009): Tschechien & Slowakei, Mineralien und Fundstellen. Page 60-75.
    • Teplice District
Sejkora, J.: Minerály ložiska Moldava v Krušných horách. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 110-116.
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • La Chaise-Dieu
        • Saint-Pal-de-Senouire
P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
  • Grand Est
    • Bas-Rhin
      • Bruche valley (Breuch valley)
        • Schirmeck
Alain Steinmetz Collection, Analysed by Nicolas Meisser; Lausanne Geological Museum
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch)
P&T N°23-24, H. BARI 1982, Minéralogie des filons du Neuenberg à Sainte Marie aux Mines (Haut-Rhin).
          • Sankt Jakob vein
"Les minéraux, leurs gisements, leurs associations", P. Bariand, F. Cesbron et J. Geffroy (1977), Editions Minéraux et Fossiles, BRGM
Th. Brunsperger collection
          • Sankt Ludwig vein
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
          • Sankt Wilhelm vein
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
    • Vosges
      • La-Croix-aux-Mines District
        • La-Croix-aux-Mines
P Haas collection
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • La Chapelle-en-Valgaudemar (La Chapelle-en-Valgaudémar)
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, P.A. Poulain, "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France : Hautes-Alpes", BRGM, 1972
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Alpirsbach
        • Reinerzau District
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Lahr
        • Reichenbach
          • Weiler
S Wolfsried collection
      • Schapbach
        • Wildschapbach valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Böckelsbach valley
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
          • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
          • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
      • St Blasien
        • Urberg
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Wieden
Aufschluss 71(6), 195-200
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Mühltal
        • Nieder-Beerbach
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • St Andreasberg District
        • St Andreasberg
No reference listed
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge District
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 2
      • Bad Schlema
        • Niederschlema
O Dziallas collection
      • Ehrenfriedersdorf
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Marienberg District
        • Lauta
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Schneeberg
        • Neustädtel
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
        • Zschorlau
M Kampf collection
    • Mittelsachsen
      • Freiberg
        • Brand-Erbisdorf
A. Breithaupt (1840): Xanthokon, ein neues Glied der Ordnung der Blenden.- Journal für praktische Chemie 20, 67-69
        • Himmelfahrt Mine
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Kleinvoigtsberg
P Haas collection
        • Obergruna
Andreas Gerstenberg collection
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Plaka
            • Plaka Mines
Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
  • South Aegean
    • Tinos
      • Tinos Island
Tombros, S.F. (2008): Later stages of evolution of an epithermal system: Au-Ag mineralization at Apigania Bay, Tinos, Island, Cyclades, Hellas, Greece. Min.Pet. (in press)
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén
    • Rudabányai Mts
No reference listed
    • Zemplén Mts (Tokaj Mts)
      • Telkibánya
Sándor Szakáll; Tamás Weiszburg (1994) Minerals of Telkibánya, NE-Hungary. Miskolc Herman Ottó Múzeum
  • Co. Tipperary
    • Silvermines District
Gasparrini, C. (1978) Unpubl. report, Minmet Scientific, Toronto, Canada; Taylor, S. and Andrew, C.J. (1979) Trans. Inst. Mining Metall., sect. B, 88, 125; Economic Geology (1984) 79, pp. 529-548.; Andrew, C.J. (1987) pers. comm.; Ryback, G. Nawaz, R. and Farley, E. (1988) Seventh Supplementary List of British Isles Minerals (Irish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 52, n° 365, pp. 267-274.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Gavorrano
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana anno 2014 n. 1 pg. 8-24 e 26-31
    • Lucca Province
      • Pietrasanta
        • Valdicastello Carducci
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Pardini, S. & Passarino, G. (2012). Sterryite e parasterryite. I solfosali aciculari di piombo e argento della miniera del Pollone (Pietrasanta, Lucca). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2012, 76-91
  • Hyogo
    • Asago City
      • Ikuno-cho-ono
Kato (1973) Sakurai Koubutsu Hyohon, 17.
  • Tochigi
    • Nikko City
      • Kuriyamamura
Kato (1968) Chigaku Kenkyu, 19, 309-310.
  • Kostanay
    • Rudny
[World of Stones 12:13]; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Batopilas
      • Andres del Rio District
[MinRec 17:78]; Wilson, W. and Panczner, C., 1986, Batopilas, Mineralogical Record, v 17: 61-80.
  • Guerrero
    • Mun. de Taxco
      • Taxco de Alarcón (Taxco; Tasco)
Van King
  • Mexico
    • Mun. de Temascaltepec
      • Temascaltepec de González (Temascaltepec)
Camprubi, A., Canals, A., Cardellach, E., Prol-Ledesma, R.M., Rivera, R., 2001, The La Guitarra Ag-Au low-sulfidation epithermal deposit, Temascaltepec district, Mexico: vein structure, mineralogy, and sulfide-sulfosalt chemistry. Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication, v. 8, p. 133-158.
  • Zacatecas
    • Mun. de Sombrerete
      • San Martín
        • San Martín-Sabinas District
Panczner (1987): 399.
    • Mun. de Zacatecas
      • Zacatecas
Rob Lavinsky
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
          • Bouismas (Bouismass)
Georges FAVREAU collection;
    • Tinghir Province
      • Imiter District
Josef Vajdak / Czech Geoil. Survey. Recent analysis of new material; Uwe Kolitsch collection (analysed by single-crystal XRD)
  • Lima
    • Oyon Province
Vizquerra Benavides, J.A. (2006): Preliminary geochemical, petrological and mineralogical investigation of the high-grade Ag-Pb-Zn Pozo-Rico, Uchucchacua, Peru. Unpublished masters thesis, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada, 205 pp.
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
Mochnacka, K., Oberc-Dziedzic, T., Mayer, W., & Pieczka, A. (2012). Ore mineralization in the Miedzianka area (Karkonosze-Izera Massif, the Sudetes, Poland): new information. Mineralogia Polonica, 43(3-4), 155-178.
Mochnacka, K., Banaś, M. (2000): Occurrence and genetic relationships of uranium and thorium mineralization in the Karkonosze-Izera Block (The Sudety Mts, SW Poland). Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae: 70: 137-150; Mochnacka, K., Oberc-Dziedzic, T., Mayer, W., & Pieczka, A. (2015). Ore mineralization related to geological evolution of the Karkonosze–Izera Massif (the Sudetes, Poland)—Towards a model. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 215-238.
  • Hunedoara
    • Deva
  • Kamchatka Krai
Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
[Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p.163-180]
  • Banská Bystrica Region
Ďuďa R.,Kotuľak P., Káňa R., 1993: Bergbau und Mineralien von Banská Štiavnica (Schemnitz), Slowakei. Emser Hefte, 14, 3, 1-70, Haltern
Smithsonian Institution USNM NUMBER:B4551
  • Košice Region
    • Trebišov Co.
Koděra, P., Rojkovičová, Ľ.,Košárková, M., 1998: Mineralógická správa lokality Byšta, Au-Ag. Manuscript, Archiv Geofond, Bratislava, 68 p
  • Andalusia
    • Seville
      • Gerena
Dr. Cesar Menor-Salvan. Centro de Astrobiologia (INTA-CSIC), Spain
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • Falset
MTI Mineralogía Topográfica Ibérica, 2009
  • Västerbotten
    • Malå
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
No reference listed
  • Wales
    • Powys
      • Old Radnor
        • Wethel
National Museum of Wales Database; Cotterell TF et al (2011) The mineralogy of Dolyhir quarry, Old Radnor. Powys, Wales. UKJMM 32:5-61
  • Alaska
    • Yukon-Koyukuk Borough
      • Innoko District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • California
    • Kern Co.
      • Rand Mts
        • Rand District (Randsburg District)
          • Randsburg
Fred de Vito specimens
  • Colorado
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Ruby District
[MinRec 14:247]
    • Mineral Co.
      • Creede District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
  • Idaho
    • Elmore Co.
      • Atlanta District
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Dana 7:I:372.
    • Owyhee Co.
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
Rocks & Min. 70:255
  • Montana
    • Flathead Co.
      • Hog Heaven District (Flathead District)
        • Kofford Ridge
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Nevada
    • Lander Co.
USGS Bull 997
  • New Mexico
    • Santa Fe Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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