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Baotite

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About BaotiteHide

Formula:
Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Colour:
Light Brown, Black
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
6
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
Named for the type locality, Pao-t'ou (Baotou in Russian), China.
This page provides mineralogical data about Baotite.


Classification of BaotiteHide

Approved
9.CE.15

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
C : Cyclosilicates
E : [Si4O12]8- 4-membered single rings (vierer-Einfachringe), without insular complex anions
60.1.2.1

60 : CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
1 : Four-Membered Rings, as Titanosilicates
17.8.12

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
8 : Silicates with niobate or tantalate

Physical Properties of BaotiteHide

Vitreous
Colour:
Light Brown, Black
Hardness:

Optical Data of BaotiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 2.160 nε = 1.940
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.220
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of BaotiteHide

Formula:
Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
IMA Formula:
Ba4(Ti,Nb,W)8O16(SiO3)4Cl
Common Impurities:
Al,Fe,Cr,Mg,Ca,Na,K

Crystallography of BaotiteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4/m - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
I41/a
Cell Parameters:
a = 20.02 Å, c = 6.00 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.3
Unit Cell V:
2,404.80 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
16
Comment:
Range: a = 19.2-20.022 c = 5.908-6.006 A.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.516 (9)
3.139 (10)
2.234 (9)
1.763 (9.5)
1.422 (25)
1.351 (9)
1.335 (100)
Comments:
Date affected by preferred orientation.

Type Occurrence of BaotiteHide

Other Language Names for BaotiteHide

German:Baotit
Russian:Баотит
Simplified Chinese:包头矿
Spanish:Baotita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Quartz1 photo of Baotite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Orthoclase1 photo of Baotite associated with Orthoclase on mindat.org.
Huanghoite-(Ce)1 photo of Baotite associated with Huanghoite-(Ce) on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.CE.05PapagoiteCaCu[H3AlSi2O9]Mon.
9.CE.10VerplanckiteBa2(Mn,Fe,Ti)Si2O6(O,OH,Cl,F)2 · 3H2O or nearHex.
9.CE.20NagashimaliteBa4(V,Ti)4B2Si8O27(O,OH)2ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
9.CE.20TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2ClxOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
9.CE.20TitantaramelliteBa4(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2ClxOrth.
9.CE.25Bario-orthojoaquinite(Ba,Sr)4Fe2Ti2[Si4O12]2O2 · H2OOrth.
9.CE.25Byelorussite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2MnTi2[Si4O12]2O2(F,OH) · H2O
9.CE.25Joaquinite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(OH,F) · H2OMon. 2 : B2
9.CE.25Orthojoaquinite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH) · H2O
9.CE.25StrontiojoaquiniteSr2Ba2(Na,Fe)2Ti2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.CE.25Strontio-orthojoaquinite(Na,Fe)2Sr2Ba2Ti2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.CE.25Orthojoaquinite-(La)NaBa2La2Fe2+Ti2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH) · H2OOrth.
9.CE.30eLabuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2OMon.
9.CE.30aNenadkevichite(Na,⃞)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
9.CE.30dLemmleinite-KK2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 4H2OOrth.
9.CE.30aKorobitsyniteNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
9.CE.30cKuzmenkoite-MnK2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(OH,O)4 · 5-6H2OMon.
9.CE.30bVuoriyarvite-KK2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.CE.30bTsepinite-NaNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2OMon.
9.CE.30cKarupmøllerite-Ca(Na,Ca,K)2Ca(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 7H2O
9.CE.30eLabuntsovite-MgNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mg(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2OMon.
9.CE.30eLabuntsovite-FeNa4K4(Ba,K)2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2OMon.
9.CE.30dLemmleinite-BaNa2K2Ba(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-FeK2Fe2+(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30hNeskevaaraite-FeK3Na2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5-6 H2OMon. m : Bm
9.CE.30bTsepinite-KK2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30bParatsepinite-BaBa4(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(OH,O)8 · 8H2O
9.CE.30bTsepinite-CaCa(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30hAlsakharovite-ZnNaSrKZn(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 7H2OMon. m : Bm
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-MnK2Mn2+(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30cLepkhenelmite-Zn(Ba,K)2Zn(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 7H2OMon. m : Bm
9.CE.30bTsepinite-SrSr(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2OMon. m : Bm
9.CE.30bParatsepinite-Na(Na,Sr,K,Ca)7(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8·nH2O n ~ 8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30fParalabuntsovite-MgNa8K8Mg4Ti16(Si4O12)8(OH,O)16 · 20-24H2OMon. 2/m
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-CaK2Ca(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-NaK2Na(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(OH,O)4 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30hGutkovaite-MnK2CaMn(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5H2OMon.
9.CE.30cKuzmenkoite-ZnK2Zn(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(OH,O)4·6-8H2OMon. m : Bm
9.CE.30gOrganovaite-MnK2Mn(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5-7H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30gOrganovaite-ZnK2Zn(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 6H2O
9.CE.30gParakuzmenkoite-Fe(K,Ba)4Fe(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 14H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30cBurovaite-Ca(Na,K)4Ca2(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(OH,O)8 · 12H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.45Komarovite(Ca,Mn)Nb2[O3|Si2O7] · 3.5H2OOrth.
9.CE.45Natrokomarovite(Na,Ca,H)2Nb2Si2O10(OH,F)2 · H2OOrth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.8.1EpistoliteNa2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2OTric.
17.8.2MurmaniteNa2Ti2(Si2O7)O2 · 2H2OTric.
17.8.3PerraultiteBaNaMn2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FMon. 2/m : B2/m
17.8.4Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon.
17.8.5MongoliteCa4Nb6Si5O24(OH)10 · nH2OTet.
17.8.6FersmaniteCa4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3Tric.
17.8.7Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3Mon.
17.8.8Nenadkevichite(Na,⃞)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
17.8.9Natrokomarovite(Na,Ca,H)2Nb2Si2O10(OH,F)2 · H2OOrth.
17.8.10WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2 : P21
17.8.11BelkoviteBa3(Nb,Ti)6(Si2O7)2O12Hex.
17.8.13Shcherbakovite(K,Ba)KNa(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)O2Orth.
17.8.14Ilímaussite-(Ce)(Na,K)7-8(Ba,K)10Ce5(Nb,Ti)6(Si3O9)4(Si9O18)O6(O,OH)24Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
17.8.15Komarovite(Ca,Mn)Nb2[O3|Si2O7] · 3.5H2OOrth.
17.8.16Manganbelyankinite(Mn,Ca)(Ti,Nb)5O12 · 9H2O
17.8.17Niobophyllite(K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)6(Nb,Ti)2Si8(O,OH,F)31Tric.
17.8.18Caesium-Kupletskite(Cs,K,Na)3(Mn,Fe2+)7(Ti,Nb)2Si8O24(O,OH,F)7

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BaotiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Semenov, E. I., Hung Weng-hsing, and Kapitonova, T. A. (1961): Baotite, a new niobium mineral. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 136(4), 915-916 (in Russian). - American Mineralogist (1962), 45, 754 (abstract); American Mineralogist (1963) 46, 466 (abstract).
Kristallografiya (1960), 5, 544-546.
Heinrich, E.W., W.H. Boyer, and F.A. Crowley (1962) Baotite (pao-t'ou-k'uang) from Ravalli County, Montana. Amer. Mineral., 47, 987-993
Soviet Physics – Crystallography: 5: 523-525.
Johan, Z.; Johan, V.; Besson, M. (1991): Tungsten-​bearing baotite from Pierrefitte, Pyrenees, France. Mineralogy and Petrology 45, 19-27.

Internet Links for BaotiteHide

Localities for BaotiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
Handbook of Mineralogy
      • Thaya
Handbook of Mineralogy
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Walsh Township
Potter, E. G. and Mitchell, R.H. (2005): Mineralogy of the Deadhorse Creek volcaniclastic breccia complex, northwestern Ontario, Canada. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 150 (2): 212-229
China (TL)
 
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo mining district
        • Bayan Obo
Semenov, E. I., Hung Weng-hsing, and Kapitonova, T. A. (1961): Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 136(4), 915-916 (in Russian).
Czech Republic
 
  • Vysočina Region
    • Třebíč District
      • Moravské Budějovice
Krmíček, L., Cempírek J., Havlín A., Přichystal A., Houzar S, Krmíčková M, Gadas P. (2011): Mineralogy and petrogenesis of a Ba–Ti–Zr-rich peralkaline dyke from Šebkovice (Czech Republic): Recognition of the most lamproitic Variscan intrusion. In: Lithos, 121 (2011), 75-86; Elsevier.; KRMÍČEK L. 2010: Pre-Mesozoic lamprophyres and lamproites of the Bohemian Massif (Czech Republic, Poland, Germany, Austria). Mineralogia - Special Papers, vol. 37, pp. 38-46
DR Congo
 
  • Nord-Kivu
Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
      • Argelès-Gazost
        • Pierrefitte
Handbook of Mineralogy
India
 
  • Telangana
    • Nalgonda District
Kaur, G., & Mitchell, R. H. (2017) Mineralogy of the baotite-bearing Gundrapalli lamproite, Nalgonda district, Telangana, India. 11th International Kimberlite Conference Extended Abstract No. 11IKC-4499, 2017
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Crevoladossola
Gentile P., Guastoni A., Nestola F., Carini R. (2016): Baotite della cava di marmo di Lorgino, Crevoladossola (VB). Novità di mineralogia sistematica italiana. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 50, 2 (2-2016), 121.
  • Trentino-South Tyrol
    • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
Degenfelder, J., Tropper, P., Constantini, D. & Pomella, H. (2016): Mineralogische Untersuchungen der Mischkristallreihe Ba-hältiger Phlogopit - Kinoshitalit in Marmoren aus dem Meran-Mauls Basement. Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft, 162, 47-50 (in German with English abstract).
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Osh Region
    • Alai Range (Alay Range)
      • Sokh Valley
        • Upper Khodzhaachkan River
Leonid A. Pautov data
New Zealand
 
  • South Island
    • West Coast Region
      • Westland District
        • Burke River
Railton, G.L., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin No. 104. Cooper, A.F. (1996) Nb-rich baotite in carbonatites and fenites at Haast River, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine Vol. 60, 473-482.
Cooper, A.F. (1996) Nb-rich baotite in carbonatites and fenites at Haast River, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine Vol. 60, 473-482.
Cooper, A.F. (1996) Nb-rich baotite in carbonatites and fenites at Haast River, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine Vol. 60, 473-482.
        • Okuru River
Cooper, A.F. (1996) Nb-rich baotite in carbonatites and fenites at Haast River, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine Vol. 60, 473-482.
Norway
 
  • Troms
    • Tromsø
      • Kvaløya
        • Ersfjorden
Zozulya, D.R., Savchenko, Ye. E., Kullerud, K., Ravna, E.K., & Lyalina, L.M. (2010): The unique Ti-Ba-P accessory mineralization of the ultrapotassic Kvaløya dyke, Northerm Norway. Zapiski RMO (Proceedings of the Russian mineralogical society), 139: 101-112 (in russian)
Schingaro, E., Kullerud, K., Lacalamita, M., Mesto, E., Scordari, F., Zozulya, D., Erambert, M., Ravna, E.J.K. (2014): Yangzhumingite and phlogopite from the Kvaløya lamproite (North Norway): Structure, composition and origin. Lithos, 209, 1-13.
Pakistan
 
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (North-West Frontier Province)
    • Peshawar
      • Hameed Abad Kafoor Dheri
The Mineralogical Record, Volume 35 Number 3, p. 212
Russia
 
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Vitim Plateau
      • Biraya and Bya Rivers confluence area (Chara Basin)
        • Biraya Fe-REE ore occurrence
Mills, S. J., Kartashov, P. M., Kampf, A. R., Konev, A. A., Koneva, A. A., & Raudsepp, M. (2012). Cordylite-(La), A New Mineral Species In Fenite From The Biraya Fe–Ree Deposit, Irkutsk, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(5), 1281-1290.
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
      • Yukspor Mt
P.M. Kartashov data
Tajikistan
 
  • Region of Republican Subordination
    • Tien Shan Mtn
      • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
Canadian Mineralogist 42:107-119 (2004); Karpenko, V., & Pautov, L. (2002). Formation of baotite in alcaline rocks of a moraine of Dara-i-Pioz glacier, Tadjikistan. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Monatshefte, 2002(10), 459-467.
UK
 
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk Oblast
    • Azov Sea Region
      • Oktyabr'skii Massif (Mariupol'skii)
Victor V. Sharygin analytycal data (2013)
USA
 
  • California
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • New Idria District
          • Santa Rita Peak
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 467.; William S. Wise (1982) Strontiojoaquinite and bario-orthojoaquinite: two new members of the joaquinite group . American Mineralogist 67:809-81
  • Montana
    • Meagher Co.
www.cseg.ca/conferences/2000/376.PDF.; Chakhmouradian A.R., Mitchell R.H. (2002): The mineralogy of Ba- and Zr-rich alkaline pegmatites from Gordon Butte, Crazy Mountains (Montana, USA): comparisons between potassic and sodic agpaitic pegmatites. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 143, 93-114.
    • Ravalli Co.
      • Mineral Point District
Heinrich, E.W., W.H. Boyer, and F.A. Crowley (1962) Baotite (pao-t'ou-k'uang) from Ravalli County, Montana. Amer. Mineral., 47, 987-993
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.; (Bart Cannon)
Mineral and/or Locality  
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