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Bastnäsite-(Ce)

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Formula:
Ce(CO3)F
Colour:
Yellow, reddish-brown; colourless to light yellow in transmitted light
Lustre:
Vitreous, Greasy, Pearly
Hardness:
4 - 4½
Specific Gravity:
4.9 - 5.2
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
For the type locality at the Bastnäs mines, Riddarhyttan, Skinnskatteberg, Västmanland, Sweden, plus the "-(Ce)" suffix due to the dominance of cerium in the composition.
Cerium analogue of Bastnäsite-(La) and Bastnäsite-(Y); fluorine analogue of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce). Bastnäsite-(Ce)-Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce) Series.

The most common member of the bastnäsite group.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of Bastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
5.BD.20a

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
D : With rare earth elements (REE)
16a.1.1.1

16a : ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : (AB)(XO3)Zq
12.1.8

12 : Carbonates with other anions
1 : Carbonates with halides

Physical Properties of Bastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Vitreous, Greasy, Pearly
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Comment:
Pearly on basal partings
Colour:
Yellow, reddish-brown; colourless to light yellow in transmitted light
Hardness:
4 - 4½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
On {1010}.
Parting:
On {0001} distinct to perfect of secondary origin).
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
4.9 - 5.2 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.12 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Bastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.717 - 1.722 nε = 1.818 - 1.823
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.101
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
Faintly pleochroic with absorption E is greater than O.

Chemical Properties of Bastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Formula:
Ce(CO3)F
IMA Formula:
CeCO3F

Crystallography of Bastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Class (H-M):
6 m2 - Ditrigonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P6c2
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.118(1) Å, c = 9.762(1) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.371
Unit Cell V:
428.34 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
6
Morphology:
Crystals tabular {0001}, usually with {1010} alone. Crystals normally deeply grooved horizontally due to oscillatory combination of {1011} and {1010}. Large anhedral masses; granular.

Epitaxial Relationships of Bastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Epitaxial Minerals:
Epitaxy Comments:
Bastnäsite forms oriented overgrowths and alteration pseudomorphs after fluocerite. Crystal axes of both species oriented in parallel position.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.90 (35)
3.56 (71)
2.88 (100)
2.06 (50)
2.01 (35)
1.892 (50)
1.675 (24)

Type Occurrence of Bastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Swedish Museum of Natural History 23:0476
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Narrow bands in a contact metamorphic amphibole skarn.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of Bastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Other Language Names for Bastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Relationship of Bastnäsite-(Ce) to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)FHex.
Bastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)F Hex. 6 m2 : P62c
Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)(OH)Hex.
ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Quartz23 photos of Bastnäsite-(Ce) associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Calcite22 photos of Bastnäsite-(Ce) associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Allanite-(Ce)21 photos of Bastnäsite-(Ce) associated with Allanite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Fluorite14 photos of Bastnäsite-(Ce) associated with Fluorite on mindat.org.
Aegirine14 photos of Bastnäsite-(Ce) associated with Aegirine on mindat.org.
Synchysite-(Ce)14 photos of Bastnäsite-(Ce) associated with Synchysite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Dolomite13 photos of Bastnäsite-(Ce) associated with Dolomite on mindat.org.
Microcline12 photos of Bastnäsite-(Ce) associated with Microcline on mindat.org.
Fluocerite-(Ce)11 photos of Bastnäsite-(Ce) associated with Fluocerite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Pyrite9 photos of Bastnäsite-(Ce) associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.BD.05Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F Hex.
5.BD.05Lukechangite-(Ce)Na3Ce2(CO3)4FHex. 6mm : P63mc
5.BD.10Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FTrig.
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(La)Ba2(La,Ce,Th)(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Nd)Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2Mon.
5.BD.18Arisite-(Ce)NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]FHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
5.BD.18Arisite-(La)NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]FHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)FHex.
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)(OH)Hex.
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)Hex.
5.BD.20bParisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2Mon. m : Bb
5.BD.20bParisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
5.BD.20dRöntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3Trig. 3 : R3
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2F
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
5.BD.20aThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)F Hex. 6 m2 : P62c
5.BD.25Horváthite-(Y)NaY(CO3)F2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
5.BD.25Qaqarssukite-(Ce)Ba(Ce,REE)(CO3)2FTrig. 3 : P3
5.BD.35Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

16a.1.1.2Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)FHex.
16a.1.1.3Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
16a.1.1.4Bastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)F Hex. 6 m2 : P62c

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

12.1.1NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2ClIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3
12.1.2BarentsiteNa7Al(HCO3)2(CO3)2F4Tric.
12.1.3RouvilleiteNa3(Ca,Mn,Fe)2(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : B2/b
12.1.4ChlormagaluminiteMg4Al2(OH)12Cl2 · 3H2OHex.
12.1.5DeferniteCa6(CO3)2-x(SiO4)x(OH)7(Cl,OH)1-2x (x<0.5)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
12.1.6BrenkiteCa2(CO3)F2Orth.
12.1.7Stenonite(Sr,Ba,Na)2Al(CO3)F5Mon. 2/m
12.1.9Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)FHex.
12.1.10Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
12.1.11Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2Mon. m : Bb
12.1.12Parisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
12.1.13Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
12.1.14Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
12.1.15Synchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2F
12.1.16Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3Trig. 3 : R3
12.1.17Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F Hex.
12.1.19Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
12.1.20Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FTrig.
12.1.21Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
12.1.22ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
12.1.23PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mbm
12.1.24BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
12.1.25AlbrechtschraufiteCa4Mg(UO2)2(CO3)6F2 · 17-18H2OTric. 1 : P1
12.1.26KettneriteCaBiCO3OFOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in strong, hot acids.

May be found as pseudomorphs after Fluocerite or Tscheffkinite.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
REE ore

References for Bastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Berzelius (1818) Afhandlingar I Fysik, Kemi och Mineralogi, Stockholm: 5: 64 (as Basisk flussspatssyradt Cerium).
Berzelius, J .J. (1825): Flusspatssyradt och kolsyradt cerium. Årsberättelser om Vetenskapernas Framsteg. Afgivne af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Academiens Embetsman 31 Mars 1824: 201-202 (as Basisk flussspatssyradt Cerium).
Beudant, F.S. (1832), Traité élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 520 (as Basicérine).
Hisinger, W. (1838): Analyser af några svenska mineralier. 2.Basiskt Fluor-Cerium från Bastnäs. Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 1838, 187-1891(as Basiskfluor-cerium).
Huot, J.J. (1841) Manuel de Minéralogie. 2 volumes, Paris: 1: 296.
Dufrénoy, A. (1845) Traité de minéralogie, 1st. Edition Vol. 1 (1844); Vol. 2: 382 (as Cérium hydrofluaté).
Hausmann, J.F.L. (1847) Handbuch der Mineralogie 3 volumes, Göttingen. Second edition, vol. 2, in two parts: 1447 (as Fluocerine).
Karavayev (1861) Bulletin of the Academy Imp. Science of St. Petersburg: 4: 401 (as Kischtim-Parisit).
Karavayev (1862) Journal für praktische Chemie, Leipzig: 85: 442.
Brush (1863) American Journal of Science: 35: 427 (as Kischtimite).
Phillips (1867): 267 (as Sub-fluate of cerium).
Nordenskiöld (1868) Svenska Vetenskapsakademien, Stockholm, Handlingar, Öfv: 25: 39 (as Hamartite).
Hillebrand (1899) American Journal of Science: 7: 51.
Koechlin (1912) Mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, Vienna: 31: 525.
Lacroix (1912) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 35: 108.
Geijer (1920) Sver. Geol. Undersök., Årsbok: 14, no. 6.
Lacroix, A. (1922) Minéralogie de Madagascar, Paris. 3 volumes: 1: 297.
Hintze, Carl (1929) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [3A]: 3418.
Silberminz (1929) Comptes rendus de l’académie des sciences de l’U.R.S.S., series A, 55.
Oftedal (1931) Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, Oslo: 12: 459.
Oftedal (1931) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 78: 462.
Fleischer in: Glass and Smalley (1945) American Mineralogist: 30: 601.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 289-291.
Hsu, L. C. (1992): Synthesis and stability of bastnaesites in a part of the system (Ce, La)-F-H-C-O. Mineralogy and Petrology 47, 81-101.
Yunxiang, Ni, John M. Hughes, and Anthony N. Mariano (1993) The atomic arrangement of bastnäsite-(Ce), Ce(CO3)F, and structural elements of synchysite-(Ce), röntgenite-(Ce), and parisite-(Ce). American Mineralogist: 78: 415-418.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2003) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume V. Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 813pp.: 51.

Internet Links for Bastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Localities for Bastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Angola
 
  • Huíla Province
ZHENG, L., GU, X., & ZHANG, Y. (2014). Pyrochlore Chemistry from the Bonga Carbonatite-type Nb Deposit, Huila Province, Angola: Implications for Magmatic-Hydrothermal Processes of Carbonatite. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 40, 205-226.
Argentina
 
  • San Luis
    • San Martín department
      • Las Chacras
Urbina Nilda, E., et al. "METALLOGENY OF THE SIERRAS PAMPEANAS OF SAN LUIS, ARGENTINA."
Lira, R., Viñas, N.A., Ripley, E.M. y Barbieri, M. (1999). El yacimiento de tierras raras, torio y uranio Rodeo de Los Molles, San Luis. En: Recursos Minerales de la República Argentina (Ed. E.O. Zappettini). Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales. SEGEMAR, Anales 35: 987-997.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Bathurst Co.
      • Carcoar
Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
        • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Australian Mineralogist (1997): 3: 1.
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Selwyn District
Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Mt Victor Plumbago Station
LUDWIG K.R. et al. Geochronology of Precambrian granites and associated U-Ti-Th mineralization, north. Olary Prov., SA. Contr. Mineral. Petr.,1984, 86, p. 298-308
      • Yunta
Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 9. No. 1. 2003. pg47
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Roxby Downs
Lottermoser B. G. (1995). Neues.Jb. Miner. Mh.1995, 8, 371-384; Econ Geol. (1992) 87:1-28; Roberts, D.E., Hudson, G.R.T., and Li, Z. (1984): Geology and Prospecting 20(7), 32-37, 51
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Reißeck group
        • Kolbnitz
Walter, F. & Bojar, H.-P. (2015): 1918) Bastnäsit-(Ce) aus dem Riekengraben, Reißeckgruppe. Pp. 220-221 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIV. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
  • Lower Austria
    • Industrieviertel
      • Gloggnitz
        • Schlossberg
EDS-analysed by Dr. F. Bernhard, Graz 2007; U. Kolitsch (XRD-analysis, 2009); to be published in joint article
  • Vorarlberg
    • Montafon
      • Verwall Alps (Verwall Group)
        • Rinder valley (Gafluna valley)
Kolitsch, U. (2013): 1795) Bastnäsit(?)-(Ce), Chamosit, Chrysokoll, SEE-haltiger Epidot, Fluorit, Schwefel und andere Mineralien vom alten Bergbau am Fellimännle, Rindertal (Gaflunatal) im Montafon, Vorarlberg. P. 107 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2013): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 203./123., 91-146.
Belarus
 
  • Homyel' Province (Gomel)
    • Zhitkovitschskii
E.P. Shpanov, G.N. Netschelyustov, S.V. Baturin, L.S. Solntseva (1989) Byelorussite-(CelNaMnBarTi,- Si8Or6(F,OH).HrO-A new mineral of the joaquinite group. Zapiski Vses. Mineralog. Obshch., I l8(5), 100- 107 (in Russian).
Belgium
 
  • Luxembourg Province
    • Bertrix
Dehove, J. (2006): Les minéraux de la Carrière de la Flèche, Bertrix, province du Luxembourg, Belgique. Magazine du 4M, 27(261), 7-11.
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba Department
    • Ayopaya Province
Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
Jordens, A., Marion, C., Kuzmina, O., & Waters, K. E. (2014). Surface chemistry considerations in the flotation of bastnäsite. Minerals Engineering, 66, 119-129.
      • Caldas
        • Campo do Cercado
Waber (1991)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Golden Mining Division
      • Rock Canyon Creek
Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Wicheeda Lake
Dalsin, M.L. (2013) The Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Geochronology of the Wicheeda Carbonatite Complex, British Columbia. M.Sc. Thesis, University of British Columbia, Vancouver.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
GSC locality database
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
Feng, Y. & Samson, I.M. (2015) Replacement process involving high field strength elements in the T-zone, Thor Lake rare-metal deposit. Canadian Mineralogist 53, 61-82.
SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
Sheard, E.R. (2010); Williams-Jones, A.E., Heiligmann, M., Sheard, E., Macwilliam, K., Pedersen, C.J., Mercer, W., and Trueman, D (2010) The Nechalacho Heavy Rare Earth And Rare Metal Deposit, Thor Lake, Northwest Territories, Canada. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 42, No. 5, p. 335; D. Robert Pinckston, Dorian G. W. Smith (1995) Mineralogy of the Lake zone, Thor Lake rare-metals deposit, N.W.T., Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 32:516-532; SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
Feng, Y. & Samson, I.M. (2015) Replacement process involving high field strength elements in the T-zone, Thor Lake rare-metal deposit. Canadian Mineralogist 53, 61-82.
  • Ontario
    • Frontenac Co.
      • Olden Township
Scott Ercit pers. comm.
    • Sudbury District
      • Scadding Township
Canadian Mineralogist 45, 1415
    • Thunder Bay District
Mitchell (1991)
      • O'Meara Township
Platt & Wooley (1990)
  • Québec
    • Chaudière-Appalaches
      • Les Appalaches RCM
        • Saint-Pierre-de-Broughton (West Broughton)
Horváth Collection XRD & EDS
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
Horváth et al. (1998); Horváth, L., Pfenninger-Horváth, E., Gault, R. A., & Tarassoff, P. (1998): Mineralogy of the Saint-Amable Sill, Varennes and Saint-Amable, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 29: 83-118.
    • Nord-du-Québec
      • Nunavik
Mitchell, R.H. & Smith, D.L. (2017) Geology and mineralogy of the Ashram zone carbonatite, Eldor complex, Quebec. Ore Geology Reviews 86, 784-806.
    • Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean
      • Le Fjord-du-Saguenay RCM
        • Saint-Honoré
Currie (1976) GSC Bulletin 239, 109-110
FOURNIER, A. (1993) Magmat!c and hydrothermal controls of LREE mineralization of the St.-Honoré carbonatite, Québec. M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Canada. 95p.
  • Québec & Newfoundland and Labrador
Miller (1996), Canadian Mineralogist: 34:349-371; Salvi & Williams-Jones (1995); Am.Min.: 80:1031-1040; Miller (1990), Newfoundland Dept. of Mines & Energy Geol. Sur. Report 90-1: 171-182.; A. Kerr and H. Rafuse (2012) Rare-earth element (REE) geochemistry of the Strange Lake deposits: Implications for resource estimation and metallogenic models. Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Natural Resources Current Research 2012 pp39-60; BIRKETT, T.C., MILLER, R.R., ROBERTS, A.C., & MARIANO, A.N. (1992) Zirconium bearing minerals from the Strange Lake intrusive complex, Quebec Labrador. Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 191-205.
Cape Verde
Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
China
 
  • Guangdong Province
Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
  • Guizhou Province
    • Bijie Prefecture
      • Hezhang Co.
Ruidong Yang, Wei Wang, Miao Bao, Qiang Wang, and Huairui Wei (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(suppl.), 205-208
      • Weining Co.
Zhongxin Yuan, Jiankang Li, and Lijuan Ying (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(5), 581-582
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo Mining District
        • Bayan Obo
          • Bayan Obo deposit (Bayun-Obo deposit; Baiyunebo deposit)
Smith, M.P., Henderson, P., and Campbell, L.S. (2000): Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 64(18), 3141-1360.; Miyawaki R, Shimazaki H, Shigeoka M, Yokoyama K, Matsubara S, Yurimoto H (2011) Yangzhumingite, KMg2.5Si4O10F2, a new mineral in the mica group from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. European Journal of Mineralogy 23, 467-473
Smith, M.P., Henderson, P., and Campbell, L.S. (2000): Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 64(18), 3141-1360.
          • Dulahala
Yang, X.M., Yang, X.Y., Zheng, Y.F., and Le Bas, M.J. (2003): Mineralogy and Petrology 78, 93-110.
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Ganzhou Prefecture
      • Dayu Co.
Rucheng Wang, Fontan, F., Xiaoming Chen, Huan Hu, Changshi Liu, Shijin Xu, and de Parseval, P. (2003): Canadian Mineralogist 41, 727-748.
      • Longnan Co.
Yunhuai Lin and Shiyang Chen (1985): Geology and Prospecting 21(3), 23-31
      • Xunwu Co.
Zhiwei Bao and Zhenhua Zhao (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 519-535.
  • Shandong Province
    • Jining Prefecture
      • Weishan Co.
Wu, C., Yuan, Z., and Bai, G. (1996): Rare earth deposits in China. In: Jones, A.P., Wall, F., and Williams, C.T. (Eds.): Rare Earth Minerals: Chemistry, origin and ore deposits. The Mineralogical Society Series, Vol. 7. Chapman & Hall (London).
  • Sichuan Province
    • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Huili Co.
Yuanfu Xiao, Yan Sun, Zhiqiang Zhao, Gang Niu, Lin Zhang, and Congxuan Kang (2010): Geology in China 37(2), 463-469
      • Mianning Co.
Ge X., Fan G., Li G., Shen G., Chen Z., Ai Y. (2017): Mianningite, (□,Pb,Ce,Na)(U4+,Mn,U6+)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38, a new member of the crichtonite group from Maoniuping REE deposit, Mianning county, northwest Sichuan, China. European Journal of Mineralogy: 29: 331-338.
Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991) Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23.; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997) Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48.; Zhengxi Yang, Williams-Jones, A.E., and Guangping Pu (2000) Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 21(2), 28-34.; Wilson, W.E. and Origlieri, M.J. (2007) Red wulfenite from the Kuruktag Mountains, Xinjiang Uygur, China. The Mineralogical Record 38, 67-71.
      • Xichang Co.
        • Taihe intrusion
Rubo Zhang, Chongliang Du, and Zaoyun Long (2003): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 24(3), 5-8
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Akesu Prefecture (Aksu Prefecture; Aqsu Prefecture)
      • Baicheng Co. (Bay Co.)
Jingwu Yin, Xingkun Shao, Haitao Yang, Tingxian Piao, Haiming Xu, and Jun Wang (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(2), 337-352
  • Yunnan Province
    • Chuxiong Autonomous Prefecture
      • Wuding Co.
Yaomin Yang, Guangzhi Tu, and Ruizhong Hu (2004): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 24(3), 301-308; Lin Hou, Jun Ding, Jun Deng, and Huijuan Peng (2013): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 32(2), 154-166; Lin Hou, Jun Ding, Changming Wang, Zhenwen Liao, Yang Guo, Shengwei Wang, and Zizheng Wang (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(4), 1187-1202
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Zruč nad Sázavou (Srutsch an der Sasau)
Sejkora, J.: Některé zajímavé nálezy nerostů v pegmatitech České republiky. Minerál, 1993, roč. 1, č. 3, s. 22-23.
    • Ústí Region
      • Most
        • Hora Svaté Kateřiny (Sankt Katharinaberg; Halleberg; Katterberg)
Breiter, Karel, Copjakova, Renata, and Skoda, Radek, 2009, The Involvement of F, CO2, and As in the Alteration of Zr-Th-REE-bearing Accessory Minerals in the Hora Svaté Kateřiny A-type Granite, Czech Republic, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 47, p. 1375-1398.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Moravia-Silesia Region
      • Frýdek-Místek
Matýsek D. (2013): Projevy mobilizace prvků vzácných zemin (REE) v podbeskydských těšínitech. Acta Mus. Morav., Sci. nat., 98, 101–113.
Finland
 
  • Eastern Finland Region
Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp (p.346)
    • Puumala
Pohjalainen, Esa 2012. Preliminary REE potential mapping in the Puumala-Ruokolahti area South-Eastern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland 54/2012.
  • Lapland Region
    • Enontekiö
Al-Ani, Thair and Pakkanen, Lassi (2013): Mini-Atlas of REE-minerals in Finnish Bedrocks. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus/Geological Survey of Finland.
    • Savukoski
      • Tulppio
        • Sokli carbonatite complex
Al-Ani, T.,Sarapää, O. (2009). Rare earth elements and their mineral phases in Jammi carbonatite veins and fenites on the south side of Sokli carbonatite complex, NE Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, arkistoraportti, M19/4723/2009/34. 24 p.; Thair Al-Ani! and Olli Sarapää (2013) REE-Rich Accessory Minerals in Carbonatitic, Alkaline, Appinitic and Metasomatichydrothermal Rocks, Central and Northern Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 198 – Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 198, Pentti Hölttä (ed.) pp 17-21
AL-Ani, Thair and Sarapää, Olli 2016. Abundance of REE bearing minerals in carbonatite and lambrophyre dikes in Kaulus area, Sokli carbonative complex, NE Finland. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus 7/2016.
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Kajaani
      • Vuolijoki
Marmo, Vladi et al 1966. On the granites of Honkamäki and Otanmäki, Finland, with special reference to the mineralogy accessories. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande n:o 221, 34p. illus.
    • Pudasjärvi
http://tupa.gtk.fi/raportti/arkisto/m42_2010_69.pdf
    • Pyhäntä
Al Ani Thair and Torppa Akseli 2011. REE-Nb mineralogy in Katajakangas and Lamujärvi alkaline rocks, Central Finland
  • Southern Finland Region
    • Kotka
Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
  • Southwestern Finland Region
    • Eurajoki
Al-Ani, Thair and Sarapää, Olla 2011.REE Geochemistry and Mineralogy of Tin-bearing Greisens and Wall Rocks in Eurajoki Rapakivi granite, SW Finland.Julkaisusarja: GTK:n arkistoraportit.
    • Pargas (Parainen)
      • Iniö
Lahti, Seppo I. & Suominen, Veli (1988): Occurrence, crystallography and chemistry of the fluorcerite-bastnäsite-cerianite intergrowth from Fjälskär granite, Southwestern Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland. 60 (1) 45-53.
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Valkeakoski
Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data (2014), Jyrki Autio specimen
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Luzenac
Piret, P., Deliens, M., & Pinet, M. (1990). La trimounsite-(Y), nouveau silicotitanate de terres rares de Trimouns, Ariège, France:(TR) 2Ti2SiO9. European Journal of Mineralogy, 725-730.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Bad Rippoldsau
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
      • Haslach
        • Steinach
[Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald]
      • Todtnau
Lapis 21(12), 44 (1996)
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
KOLITSCH, U., GRAF, H. W. & BLAß, G. (1997): Untersuchungen über die Seltenerden-Carbonate Bastnäsit und Synchisit von der Grube Clara im Schwarzwald: Nachweis von Bastnäsit-(Ce), Bastnäsit-(Nd), Bastnäsit-(La) und Synchisit-(Ce). - Aufschluss 48, 367-79.
    • Kaiserstuhl
      • Schelingen
No reference listed
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Spessart
        • Aschaffenburg
          • Dörrmorsbach
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Abtsteinach
        • Mackenheim
Belendorff, K. (2004): Neu: Bastnäsit und Monazit von Mackenheim im Odenwald. Mineralien-Welt 15 (4), 34-35. (in German)
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Lauterberg
Gröbner, J. & Kloss, D. (2010): Neufunde von der Grube Wolkenhügel bei Bad Lauterberg im Harz. Lapis 35 (1), 39-41; 62.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Altenberg
Mineralien-Welt, (2), 17-39.
    • Oberlausitz
      • Görlitz
        • Königshain
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2013): Eine Seltenerd- und Niob-Tantal-Mineralisation aus dem Königshainer Granit in der Lausitz, Sachsen.- Mineralien-Welt 24(1), 36-45
Greenland
 
  • Sermersooq
Distribution and mineralogy of rare earth element–Zr–Nb–Ta mineralisation within pegmatite sheets at Citadellet, Kangerdlugssuaq alkaline intrusion, East Greenland. in Abdurrahman, A., J. C. Ø. Andersen, and B. J. Williamson. "Meeting of the Geological Society’s Mineral Deposits Studies Group was held on the 2nd–4th January 2013 at the University of Leicester, UK." Applied Earth Science (Trans. Inst. Min. Metall. B) 121.4 (2012): 212.
Hungary
 
  • Baranya Co.
Nagy, G., (2003): Nacareniobsite in Phonolites in the Mecsek Mts. (Hungary) - Second occurrence in the world, Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract series 1, Szeged 2003
    • Villányi Mts
      • Nagyharsány
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
  • Tolna Co.
    • Geresdi Hills
      • Mórágy
HOM Collection
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Nellore District
Gunnar Färber
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Courmayeur
      • Monte Bianco Massif (Mont Blanc Massif)
        • Ferret Valley
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Latium
    • Viterbo Province
      • Vico Lake
Della Ventura, G., Bellatreccia, F., Caprilli, E., Rossi, P., Tamagnini, F., Fiori, S., 2004. Dieci anni di micromineralogia laziale. Il Cercapietre. Not. del Gruppo Mineralogico Romano, 1-2
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Ne
[MinRec 32:360]
    • Savona Province
      • Maremola Valley
        • Magliolo
Balestra, C., Ciriotti, M.E., Bracco, R. (2011): Su alcune novità mineralogiche liguri caratterizzate dal SIUK dell'AMI. MICRO, 2011, 46-53.
  • Lombardy
    • Varese Province
      • Ceresio Valley
        • Cuasso al Monte
Domenico Preite
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Gesso Valley
        • Valdieri
          • San Lorenzo
Parola, F. (2015): I minerali della Miniera del Lausetto in Valle Gesso (Cuneo). Tesi di laurea in Scienze Geologiche. Università degli Studi di Torino, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Torino, 47 pp.
    • Torino Province
      • Germanasca valley
        • Prali
G.C. Piccoli, G. Maletto, P. Bosio, B. Lombardo. I minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Ass. Amici del museo "F. Eusebio", Alba 2007. Guida ai minerali. F.lli Fabbri Ed, Milano 1973.
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Divedro Valley
          • Varzo
Cuchet, S., Crumbach, M. & van der Burgt, A. (2016) Le allaniti e i minerali di terre rare dell'Alpe Veglia (Varzo, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 40, 212-241.
        • Formazza Valley
          • Formazza
            • Vallone del Vannino
Mattioli, V. (1985): Un nuovo minerale alpino nell'Ossola (No).
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Sarroch
- Orlandi, P., Gelosa, M., Bonacina, E., Caboni, F., Mamberti, M., Tanca, G., A. et Vinci, A. (2013) : Sardignaite, gelosaite et tancaite-(Ce) : trois nouveaux minéraux de Su Seinargiu, Sarroch, Sardaigne, Italie. Le Règne Minéral, 112, 39-52.; Orlandi P., Gelosa M., Bonacina E., Caboni F., Mamberti M., Tanca G.A., Vinci A.
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Gonnosfanadiga
        • Fenugu Sibiri Mine
Brizzi, G., Olmi, F., Sabelli, C. (1994): Gli arseniati di Pira Inferida, Gonnofanadiga (CA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 17, 3 (3-1994), 193-206.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
      • Vizze Valley (Pfitsch Valley)
        • San Giacomo (Sankt Jakob)
          • Vizze Pass (Pfitsch Pass; Pfitscher Joch)
Folie, K., Gentile, P., Hanke, M., Rocchetti, I. (2010): Mineralien aus der Umgebung des Pfitscher Jochs in Südtirol (II). Mineralien-Welt, 21, 4, 42-67.
    • Trento Province
      • Fiemme Valley
        • Predazzo
Vecchi, F., Rocchetti, I. & Gentile, P. (2013): Die Mineralien des Granits von Predazzo, Provinz Trient, Italien. Mineralien-Welt, 24(6), 98-117 (in German).
      • Valsugana
        • Roncegno
-Bortolozzi G., Blass G., Boscardin M., Rocchetti I. and Ferretti P. (2013): La Miniera di Cinquevalli (Valsugana, Trentino-Alto Adige): aggiornamento sulle specie accertate negli ultimi anni. Studi Trent. Sci. Nat., 93, pagg. 149-165.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kinki Region
      • Kyoto Prefecture
        • Kyotango City
The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
  • Kagawa Prefecture
    • Inland Sea (Setonaikai)
      • Shodoshima (Shodo Island)
European J. Mineralogy 20, 261-209(2008)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Aktobe Province (Aqtöbe Oblysy; Aktubinskaya Oblast')
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012)
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Tarbagatai Range
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Talas Oblast
    • Ak-Tyuz ore Field
no reference
Madagascar
 
  • Antananarivo Province
    • Itasy Region
      • Arivonimamo District
        • Arivonimamo II Commune
Guillaume Estrade, Stefano Salvi, Didier Béziat, and Anthony E. Williams-Jones (2015) The Origin of Skarn-Hosted Rare-Metal Mineralization in the Ambohimirahavavy Alkaline Complex, Madagascar. Economic Geology 110:1485-1513
  • Antsiranana Province
    • Diana Region (Northern Region)
      • Ambanja District
        • Ampasindava Peninsula
Estrade, G., et al.: REE and HFSE mineralization in peralkaline granites of the Ambohimirahavavy alkaline complex, Ampasindava peninsula, Madagascar. J. Afr. Earth Sci. (2013), (article in press)
          • Betaimboay
            • Unnamed caldera
Wolfgang Hampel (2011), fieldwork/studies
  • Fianarantsoa Province
    • Amoron'i Mania Region
      • Manandriana District
Simmons, W. B. (2003): Investigation of oxide minerals from an old collection of Madagascar minerals. (Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy). Rocks & Minerals, nr 2, 2003
Malawi
 
  • Phalombe District
Ngwenya, B. T. (1994): Hydrothermal rare earth mineralisation in carbonatites of the Tundulu complex, Malawi: processes at the fluid/rock interface. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 58, 2061-2072.
  • Zomba District
American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1216–1222, 2009; Guastoni, A., Kondo, D. & Nestola, F. (2010): Bastnäsite-(Ce) and Parisite-(Ce) from Mt. Malosa, Malawi. Gems & Gemology 46, 42-46. ; Guastoni, A., & Pezzotta, F. (2007). REE-mineral phases replacing helvite, niobian-rutile, bastnäsite-(Ce) from alkaline pegmatites of Mount Malosa, Zomba District, Malawi. Granitic Pegmatites: the State of the Art. Memorias, 8, 42-43.
Mauritania
 
  • Trarza Region
Taylor, C.D. and Giles, S. A. (2012): Potentiel minéral pour des dépôts d’éléments incompatibles au sein des pegmatites, de roches alcalines et de carbonatites sur le territoire de la République Islamique de la Mauritanie.- Second Projet de Renforcement Institutionnel du Secteur Minier de la République Islamique de la Mauritanie (PRISM-II), Phase V ; Livrable 87, USGS, 45 pages.
Mongolia
 
  • Dornogovi Aimag
    • Hövsgöl
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Gobi Desert
N.V. Vladykin data
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
G.M. Tsareva data; Econ Geol (1995) 90:530-547
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Ömnögovi Aimag
    • Shara Hulasa Hiid
Pavel M. Kartashov data; U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2004-1252; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 42, No. 5, p. 335; Sanematsu, K., Kon, Y., Hirano, H., & Watanabe, Y. (2010, November). Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Mushgai Khudag REE Deposit, Mongolia. In 2010 GSA Denver Annual Meeting.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
JAHN, St.; SCHNAITMANN, E.A.; NIEDERMAYR, G. (2010): Spektakuläre Neufunde aus dem Erongo (IV). - MINERALIEN-Welt (5), 60-66.
    • Karibib District
      • Spitzkopje Area
Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek District
      • Aris
von Knorring, O., Petersen, O. V. Karup-Moeller, S., Leonardsen, E. S. and Condliffe, E. (1992): Tuperssuatsiaite, from Aris phonolite, Windhoek, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatsh., 1992, 145-152; Uwe Kolitsch (powder X-ray diffraction + SEM-EDS); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
  • Kunene Region
    • Khorixas District
Bodeving, S. (2015): Petrogenesis of the Lofdal Intrusive Suite: Implications for rare earth elements mineralization. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. 202 p.
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Grootfontein District
      • Kombat
Dunn, P.J. (1991), Rare minerals of the Kombat Mine, Mineralogical Record: 22(6): 421-425.
Nigeria
 
  • Nassarawa State (Nasarawa State)
Mineralogical Magazine (1983): 47: 41-46.
North Korea
 
  • Kangwon Province
    • Pyonggang-gun
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Norway
 
  • Akershus
    • Asker
Stensrud, S. (2004): Mineralfunn i ny sikkerhetstunnel i Vardåsen og langs ny gangvei langs Heggedalsveien i Asker i 2002-2003. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 76-102
    • Nittedal
L. O. Kvamsdal (1998): Mineralene fra Nordmarkitt og Grefsensyenitt i Oslofeltet. AS Merkur-Trykk, Oslo(in Norwegian), p. 25.
  • Aust-Agder
    • Evje og Hornnes
      • Vardeheia
    • Iveland
      • Birkeland
Neumann, H. & Bergstøl, S. (1963): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway No.17. Cerianite from cleavelandite pegmatite dykes in Iveland. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 43,247-255äsite-(Ce)
Pedersen, R.(ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd. p 342; Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
      • Frikstad
Revheim, O. (2004): Gadolinitt-(Y) og andre mineraler fra Slobrekka. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 43-50
Hansen, G. H.(2001): Mineralene i Evje - Iveland. Published by Froland Mineral Center. 1-88 pp ( p. 19)
      • Kåbuland
Neumann, H. & Bergstøl, S. (1963): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway No.17. Cerianite from cleavelandite pegmatite dykes in Iveland. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 43,247-255 + Neumann (1985, p. 99).
  • Nordland
    • Hamarøy
      • Finnøy
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
    • Sørfold
Tomas Husdal
    • Tysfjord
      • Drag
        • Lapplægeret
Sverdrup,T.L.,Bryn, K.Ø. & Sæbø, P.Chr.(1959):"Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No. 2. Bastnäsite, a new mineral for Norway." Geologisk Tidsskrift 39,237-247 + Neumann (1985, p. 99).
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 38: 5-28
D. Harries collection, analysed
Sverdrup, T. L. (1968): Contributions to the Mineralogy of Norway No. 37. Yttrofluorite-yttrocerite-cerfluorite in norwegian pegmatites. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 48: 245-252 Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p 99.
Husdal, T. (2011): Tysfjordgranittens pegmatitter. Stein. 38 (4): 4-35
  • Oppland
    • Lunner
Ronald Werner pers. commentary oct. 2005
      • Nordmarka
Raade, G. & Haug, J.(1982): Gjerdingen. Fundstelle seltener Mineralien in Norwegen. LAPIS 7, 9-15
      • Øståsen
        • Surka
Kvamsdal, L.O. (1993): Noen mineraler fra nordmarkitten mellom Roa og Maura. STEIN 20 (1), 30-45
  • Sogn og Fjordane
    • Luster
      • Berdalen
        • Hurrungane
Berget, P. K. (2006): Pegmatittmineraler i Berdalen, Luster. Stein, 33 (3): 32-33
  • Svalbard
    • Spitsbergen
      • Hornsund fjord
Pršek, J., Majka, J., Uher, P. & Chudík, P. (2010): Niobium-tantalum minerals in the Skoddefjellet NYF granitic pegmatite, Svalbard Archipelago, Norway: Primary versus secondary assemblage. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen 187, 235-248
  • Telemark
    • Drangedal
      • Tørdal
Raade et al(1993): Kuliokite-(Y) and its alteration products kainosite-(Y) and kamphaugite-(Y) from granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Norway, European Journal of Mineralogy: 5: 691-698.
    • Porsgrunn
      • Langangen
Larsen, A.O. & Åsheim, A.(1976): Mineraler fra Langangen. NAGS-nytt 3 (1),9-12.
      • Mørje
        • Sagåsen
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Larsen, A.O., Åsheim, A. and Gault, R. A. (2005): Minerals of the eudialyte group from the Sagåsen larvikite quarry, Porsgrunn, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter 30: 58-62
      • Rønningen (Skredderrønningen)
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
  • Vest-Agder
    • Lindesnes
      • Vigeland
Sverdrup,T.L.,Bryn, K.Ø. & Sæbø, P.Chr.(1959): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No. 2. Bastnäsite, a new mineral for Norway. Geologisk Tidsskrift 39,237-247
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Hedrum
        • Lågendalen
Peter Andresen collection & observation in field sept 2003
Andersen, F. (1993): Hedrum pukkverk i Lågendalen. STEIN 20 (4), 236-238
      • Langesundsfjorden
        • Barkevik area
Knut Edvard Larsen photo & observation 2012
        • Lille Arøya (Midtre Arøy; Øvre Arøy; Övre-Arö)
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. 663 pp [pp. 650-654]; Sverdrup, T. L.,Bryn, K. Ø. & Sæbø, P.Chr.(1959): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No. 2. Bastnäsite, a new mineral for Norway. Geologisk Tidsskrift 39, 237-247; Sæbö (1963); Neumann (1985, pp. 99 and 100).
        • Vesle Arøya
Engvoldsen, T., Andersen, F., Berge, S. A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18 (1), 15-71; Larsen, A.O., Kolitsch, U., Gault, R.A. & Giester, G. (2010): Eirikite a new mineral species of the leifite group from the Langesundsfjord district, Norway. European Journal of Mineralogy. 22, 875–880
      • Malerød
Svein A. Berge collection
Andersen, F., Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt 7(4), 21-100
      • Stavern (Fredriksvärn)
        • Fuglevika
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Svein A. Berge collection (found in 1989)
      • Tjølling
        • Håkestad
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
        • Klåstad
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-2002
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Larsen, K.E. & Stensvold, B.K.(2015): Berylliummineraler og andre sjeldne mineraler i syenittpegmatitter i Skallist larvikittbrudd, Tjølling, Larvik, Vestfold. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2015, 47-56
        • Ula
Pers.com Knut Edv. Larsen 2008; Berge, S. A. (1991): Ula månesteinsforekomst, Tjølling, Larvik, Vestfold. Unpublished guide. Mai 1991
      • Tvedalen
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71; Kolitsch, U., Andresen, P., Husdal, T. A., Ertl, A., Haugen, A., Ellingsen, H. V. and Larsen, A. O. (2013): Tourmaline-group minerals from Norway, part II: Occurrences of luinaite-(OH) in Tvedalen, Larvik and Porsgrunn, and fluor-liddicoatite, fluor-elbaite and fluor-schorl at Ågskardet, Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseet Skrift 50, 23-41.
Svein A. Berge observation 1990
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Collection of Peter Andresen./ Nordrum, F. S. (2007): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2006-2007. STEIN 34 (2), 14-26
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
    • Sande
Hermann Fylling
    • Sandefjord
      • Bugården
Segalstad, T. V. & Larsen, A. O. (1978): Chevkinite and perrierite from the Oslo region, Norway. American Mineralogist 63, 499-505
      • Fokserød
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 20, 50-59
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
      • Haneholmveien
Larsen, K. E. & Kolitsch, U. (2012): An unique mineral suite in a syenite pegmatite at Virikkollen, Sandefjord, Larvik Plutonic Complex, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 49, 35-44
Berge, S. A. & Hansen, R. (1975): Mineraler fra Sandefjord. NAGS-nytt nr 1, 10-12 (in norwegian) Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 99; Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
      • Hystad
Engvoldsen, T., Andersen, F., Berge, S. A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18 (1),15-71
Knut Edvard Larsen collection (MM-4307)
      • Lahellefjorden
Berge, S.A. & Larsen,A.O.(1980): Mineraler fra Sandefjordsområdet-IV.Granater".NAGS-nytt 7(2),21-24. (in norwegian)
      • Mefjorden
Knut Edvard Larsen observation in field july 2013
      • Østerøya
Knut Edvard Larsen observation in field aug. 2012
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 20, 50-59
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # 235
Knut Edvard Larsen observation on material collected july 2013
      • Råstad
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift. 20, 50-59
      • Tønsbergfjorden
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift. 20, 50-59
      • Vesterøya
        • Auve
Knut Edvard Larsen observation on collected material july 2012
Berge, S.A., Larsen, K.E. & Andersen, F. (2011): Buer, Vesterøya, Sandefjord- en typelokalitet for et nytt mineral. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 49-56
Larsen, K.E. & Nordrum, F.S. (2013): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2012-2013. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 50, 111-117
Nordrum, F.S. (2005): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2004-2005. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 30: 117-124
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71; Berge, S. A. (2013):Mineralene i Husebyyåsen feltspatbrudd, Vesterøya, Sandefjord. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 50, 93-99
Knut Edvard Larsen collection (MM-889)
Berge, S. A. & Larsen, A.O.(1980): Mineraler fra Sandefjordsområdet-IV.Granater. NAGS-nytt 7 (2),21-24. (in norwegian)
Knut Edvard Larsen collection (MM-263,MM-1559)
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Knut Edvard larsen collection (MM-805)
Knut Edvard Larsen collection
Berge, S.A. & Hansen, R. (1976): Mineraler i Sandefjordsområdet III-Varden. NAGS-nytt 3 (4), 13-16 (in norwegian); Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 99
Raade, G & Larsen, A. O. (1980): Polylithionite from syenite pegmatite at Vøra, Sandefjord, Oslo Region, Norway. Contributions to the Mineralogy of Norway, no 65. Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift 60, 117-124
    • Tjøme
      • Færder
Andersen, F. (2017): Pegmatittganger og mineraler på Hoftøya og Langøya ved Færder i Ytre Vestfold. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2017: 69-75
Pakistan
 
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (North-West Frontier Province)
    • Peshawar
      • Hameed Abad Kafoor Dheri
The Mineralogical Record, Volume 35 Number 3, p. 212; http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,7,396901,397225#msg-397225
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
Mineralogia Polonica Vol. 29, (2), 3-11
      • Świdnica District
Körber, T. & Szuszkiewicz, A. (2005): Fundstellen-Klassiker: Der Striegauer Granit und seine Mineralien - Mineralien-Welt 16 (3): 16-45
Janeczek J., Szełęg E., 1998: Bastnäsite-(Ce) and Synchysite-(Ce) from Pegmatite and Hydrothermally Altered Granite of the Strzegom-Sobótka Massif. Miner. Polon., Vol. 29, No 2
Portugal
 
  • Azores District
    • São Miguel Island
      • Água de Pau Massif
Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Romania
 
  • Harghita Co.
Pál-Molnár (2000)
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
    • Gheorgheni
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Buriatia (Buryatia)
        • Mama River Basin
          • Maigunda River
Pavel m. kartashov data
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Vitim Plateau
          • Biraya and Bya Rivers confluence area (Chara Basin)
            • Biraya Fe-REE ore occurrence
Mills, S. J., Kartashov, P. M., Kampf, A. R., Konev, A. A., Koneva, A. A., & Raudsepp, M. (2012). Cordylite-(La), A New Mineral Species In Fenite From The Biraya Fe–Ree Deposit, Irkutsk, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(5), 1281-1290.
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
        • Ermakovskoe Be Deposit
          • Zunshibir' valley
Mironov A.G. and Gofman A.F, (1979) Barian betafite in pegmatites of Transbaikalien, - Minerals and Minerals Paragenesisa of Rocks and Ores, Leningrad, Nauka, p.127-132 (in Russian).
        • Ulan-Ude
Bulnaev, K.B., and Karmanov, N.S. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 614-618.
      • Chitinskaya Oblast'
Victor V. Sharygin analytycal data (2012)
    • Tuva Republic
Pavel M. Kartashov data
      • Sangilen Upland
Kapustin Yu.L. (1989) Cerite and ternebohmite from fenites of alkaline massifs of Tuva, - Zapiski VMO, 118(4), p. 47-56 (in Rus.)
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Khabarovskiy Kray
      • Aldan province
Pavel M. Kartashov data
      • Ayan-Maya district
        • Aldan shield
          • Konder alkaline-ultrabasic massif (Konder placers; Konder mine; Kondyor)
Barkov, A.Y., Shvedov, G.I., Polonyankin, A.A., Martin, R.F. (2016): New and unusual Pd-Tl-bearing mineralization in the Anomal'nyi deposit, Kondyor concentrically zoned complex, northern Khabarovskiy kray, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12836 (2016)
      • Verkhnebureinsky District
        • Verkhnii Mel'gin River
          • Turana Range
            • Chekunda Town
I.I. Kupriyanova Mineralogy of Chergilen rare earth deposit,- Moscow,1962, p.211, PhD dissertation.
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Keivy Mountains
        • Western Keivy Massif
Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. [Волошин А. В., Пахомовский Я. А.] (1986): Minerals and evolution of mineral formation in amazonite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula [Минералы и эволюция минералообразования в амазонитовых пегматитах Кольского полуострова]. Nauka, Leningrad, 168 pp. (in Russian); Pekov I.V. (1998): Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Ocean Pictures, Moscow, 369 pp.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
          • West Keivy Block
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-5097
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Zaitsev, A.N., Wall, F., Le Bas, M.J. (1998): REE-Sr-Ba minerals from the Khibina carbonatites, Kola peninsula, Russia: their mineralogy, paragenesis and evolution. Mineralogical Magazine, 62, 225-250; Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P. (2005): Khibiny. Laplandia Minerals Ltd. (in association with the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland), Apatity, 468 pp.
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
        • Suoluai River Valley
          • Kuamdespakhk Mt
Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
  • Southern Siberia
    • Sayan Mts
      • Eastern Sayan
Savel'eva V.B. Karmanov N.S. (2008) Rare earth's minerals of alkaline metasomatites of Main Sayan Fault zone, - Zapiski RMO, N2, pp.14-35 (in Rus.).; Savel’eva, V.B., and Karmanov, N.S. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 681-696.
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
      • Tisovec
Ondrejka M., Uher P., Pršek J., Ozdín D., Putiš M., 2005: Arsenian monazite-Ce and REE arsenates and carbonates: Composition and substitution in the REEPO4 – REEAsO4 system. Example from Tisovec – Rejkovo thyolite (Western Carpathians, Slovakia). Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol.7, 04857.
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
Martin Števko-unpublished, PXRD and EMPA-WDS confirmed
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Bushveld Complex
      • Waterberg District
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
          • Zaaiplaats tin field
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: pg 187;
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: pg 187;
    • Sekhukhune District
      • Groblersdal
Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 110 pg
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
        • Brits (Brits District)
Robert O. Meyer collection; Dr. Hans Börner collection; collected by Dr. Hans Börner; Windisch, W. R., (1999), South African Micromount Society, Locality data sheet.
VERWOERD, W.J. (1986) Mineral deposits associated with carbonatites and alkaline rocks. In: Mineral deposits of Southern Africa. Vol. II. 2173-2191. Edited by: Annhaeusser and Maske. Geological Society of South Africa.
Minerals of South Africa
South Korea
 
  • Chungcheongbukdo (Chungchong-pukto)
    • Chungju (Chung Won Kum; Chung-ju)
      • Joongwon-gun
        • Mt. Eorae
P.M. Kartashov analytical data (2002)
Spain
 
  • Galicia
    • Pontevedra
      • Porriño
Calvo, M., Viñals, J. and Vila, F. (2009) Mineralogy of the pegmatites and miarolitic cavities in the granitic batholit of Porriño, Pontevedra, galicia, Spain. Mineral Up, (2009-1), 6-23
  • Madrid
Tanago, J. G., Lozano, P. L., Larios, A. , La Iglesia, A. (2012) Stokesite crystals from La Cabrera, Madrid, Spain. Mineralogical Record 43:499-508
Sweden
 
  • Närke
    • Örebro
Jonsson, Erik; Högdahl, Karin; Sahlström, Fredrik; Majka, Jarek (2014) BIF-hosted REE silicate mineralisation at Högfors, Bergslagen, Sweden. 31st Nordic Geological Meeting, Lund Sweden.
  • Uppland
    • Vaxholm
      • Resarö
  • Västmanland
    • Nora
      • Rödberg Mines
Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
    • Norberg
Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
      • Röberg ore field
Mikael Janssons private collection; Peacor, D. R. & Dunn, P. J.: (1988): Dollaseite-(Ce) (magnesium orthite redefined): Structure refinement and implications for F + M2+ substitutions in epidote-group minerals. American Mineralogist. 73: 838- 842; Jansson, M. Förekomster med ceriummineral i stråket Möklinta, Norberg, Riddarhyttan och Nora.
      • Smörberg ore field
Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
    • Skinnskatteberg
      • Riddarhyttan
Hisinger, W. (1838): Analyser af några svenska mineralier. 2.Basiskt Fluor-Cerium från Bastnäs. Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 1838, 187-1891 ; Geijer, p. (1920): The cerium minerals of Bastnäs at Riddarhyttan. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, Serie C, 304: 1-24 ; Holtstam, D., Bindi, L., Hålenius, U., & Andersson, U. B. (2017). Delhuyarite-(Ce)–Ce 4 Mg (Fe 3+ 2 W)□(Si 2 O 7) 2 O 6 (OH) 2–a new mineral of the chevkinite group, from the Nya Bastnäs Fe–Cu–REE deposit, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy, ejm2635_pap_gsw.
Holtstam, D., Bindi, L., Hålenius, U., & Andersson, U. B. (2017). Delhuyarite-(Ce)–Ce 4 Mg (Fe 3+ 2 W)□(Si 2 O 7) 2 O 6 (OH) 2–a new mineral of the chevkinite group, from the Nya Bastnäs Fe–Cu–REE deposit, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy. DOI: 10.1127/ejm/2017/0029-2635
Switzerland
 
  • Bern
    • Hasli Valley
      • Grimsel area
        • Oberaar power station
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 393.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Chummibort
See references at locality description - cuchet et al. 2014, Schweizer Strahler. I am co-author - M. Crumbach
Tajikistan
 
  • Region of Republican Subordination
    • Tien Shan Mtn
      • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
Leonid A. Pautov data
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Eastern Fells
        • Shap
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk (Donets'k) Oblast'
    • Azov Sea Region
      • Oktyabr'skii Massif (Mariupol'skii)
Pekov I.V., Belovitskaja Ju.V., Kartashov P.M. e.a. New data on perraultite (Priazovie), - ZVMO, 1999, 3, pp.112-120
        • Mazurovskoe Zr deposit
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Zhytomyr Oblast' (Zhitomir Oblast')
P.M. Kartashov data
Pavel M. Kartashov data; Lyckberg, P., Chornousenko, V. & Wilson, W. E. (2009): Volodarsk-Volynski, Zhitomir Oblast, Ukraine. Mineralogical Record, 40, 473-506.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Mohave Co.
      • Cerbat Mts (Cerbat Range)
        • Wallapai District
          • Kingman area
S.L. Hanson, T.A. Brown, A.U. Falster, and W.B. Simmons (2011) "Allanite-(Nd)": a new mineral from the Kingman Feldspar Mine in the Mojave pegmatite district, northwestern Arizona. The 38th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 14-17 2011, program notes, pp 20-22.
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/magcov.htm
Art Smith, 2005 Minerals of Magnet Cove (unpublished manuscript)
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range)
        • Mountain Pass District
          • Mountain Pass
Anonymous (1950), Rare earth deposits found in California: California Division of Mines, Mineral Information Service: 3(1): 1; Anonymous (1950), New products: Mineral Notes & News No. 158: 1-18; Olson, Jerry Chipman & William N. Sharp (1951), Geologic setting of the Mountain Pass bastnaesite deposits, San Bernardino County, California: abstract): Geological Society of America Bulletin: 62: 1467; Pray, Lloyd Charles & William N. Sharp (1951), Bastnaesite discovered near Mountain Pass, California: (abstract): Geological Society of America Bulletin: 62: 1519; Olson, Jerry Chipman, Shawe, D.R., Pray, L.C., Sharpe, W.N., and Hewlett, D.F. (1954), Geology of the rare-earth deposits of the Mountain Pass district, San Bernardino County California, USGS 261 pp.: 34, 38; Glass, Jewell Jeannette, H.T. Evans, Jr., M.K. Carron & Harry Rose, Jr. (1956), Cerite from Mountain Pass, San Bernardino County, California: American Mineralogist: 41: 665; Glass, Jewell Jeannette, H.T. Evans, Jr., M.K. Carron & F.A. Hildebrand (1958), Cerite from Mountain Pass, San Bernardino County, California: American Mineralogist: 43: 460-480; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 222; Haxel, G. (2005) Ultrapotassic rocks, carbonatite and rare earth element deposit, Mountain Pass, southern California. In: Geology and Mineral Resources of the Mojava National Preserve, southern California. USGS Bulletin 2160.
[Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index", p62]
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Jamestown District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
        • Jamestown
Goddard, E.N. and Glass, J.J. (1940): Deposits of radioactive cerite near Jamestown, Colorado. American Mineralogist. 25,381-404
    • El Paso Co.
      • Cheyenne District (St. Peters Dome District)
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 14, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 14, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
      • Mount Rosa
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 14, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
Müller, M. M., Kleebe, H.-J., Lauterbach, S. and Zito, G. (2011): Crystallographic orientation relationship between bastnaesite, fluocerite and cerianite observed in a crystal from the pikes peak pegmatites. Z. Kristallogr. 226 (2011) 467-475.
    • Fremont Co.
      • Iron Mountain complex
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 16, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • Gunnison Co.
      • White Earth District (Powderhorn District)
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 17, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • Park Co.
Jim Hall
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Teller Co.
Rocks & Minerals: 63: 457.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • East Hampton (Chatham)
        • Airline Railroad
Weber, Marcelle H. and Earle C. Sullivan. (1995): CONNECTICUT MINERAL LOCALITY INDEX. Rocks & Minerals (Connecticut Issue), Volume 70, No. 6, p. 403.; Schooner, Richard. (1958): The Mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam Area in Connecticut (With a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough).; Schooner, Richard. (1961): THE MINERALOGY OF CONNECTICUT.
  • Idaho
    • Boise Co.
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
    • Custer Co.
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
    • Elmore Co.
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
Rocks & Min. 70:246
  • Michigan
    • Dickinson Co.
      • Menominee iron range
        • Randville
Buchholz, T.W., A.U. Falster & W.B. Simmons (2014), Accessory Mineralogy of an Evolved Dickinson County, Michigan, Pegmatite, a presentation before the 41st. Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 25, 2014.
    • Marquette Co.
      • Marquette
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
    • Ontonagon Co.
      • White Pine
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Montana
    • Carbon Co.
Anita Moore-Nall and David R. Lageson (2015) Elevated REE in Ore Minerals of the Pryor Mountain Mining District, South Central Montana. 2015 Mining and Mineral Symposium, Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology pp47-49.
Anita Moore-Nall and David R. Lageson (2015) Elevated REE in Ore Minerals of the Pryor Mountain Mining District, South Central Montana. 2015 Mining and Mineral Symposium, Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology pp47-49.
    • Hill Co.
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens
Chakhmouradian A.R. & Mitchell R.H. (1999) Primary, agpaitic and deuteric stages in the evolution of Accessory Sr, REE, Ba and Nb-mineralization in nepheline-syenite pegmatites at Pegmatite Peak, Bearpaw Mts., Montana, Mineral. Petrol., 67: 85-110.
    • Meagher Co.
www.cseg.ca/conferences/2000/376.PDF.
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • New York Mts
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Carroll Co.
      • Albany
Rocks&Min. 67:158-168
Rocks and Minerals, (1990) 65:286-296
        • SSW of Blackberry Crossing
          • Blue Mountain
Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp242-261; Rocks & Min. July-Aug 2005
    • Grafton Co.
      • Bethlehem
Rocks & Minerals Vol.65 No.4; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
  • New Mexico
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Red Cloud District
        • Gallinas Mts
Van King
  • Pennsylvania
    • Lehigh Co.
      • Allentown
R. C. Smith, The mineralogy of Pennsylvania, 1966-1975
  • Rhode Island
    • Washington Co.
      • Westerly
Am. Min. 41 pp76-81
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Golden Horn Batholith
Rocks and Minerals, 66:6, p. 454; American Mineralogist, V.73, p.1191-1194
  • Wisconsin
    • Marathon Co.
      • Wausau Intrusive Complex
        • Nine Mile pluton
Buchholz, T.W., Falster, A.U., and Simmons, WmB. (2007) 34th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Contributed Papers.
    • Waupaca Co.
Rocks & Minerals 79:6 pp409-411
Vietnam
 
  • Lai Chau Province
    • Phong Tho District
      • Mt Fansipan
Feldman l.G., Sarkisyan S.Sh., Boriskin V.P., Purusova S.P., Nguen Van Hoai, Chin Suan Ben (1987) Crystalline beckelite from Nam Se deposit (Northern Vietnam), - Mineralogicheskiy Zhurnal, v.9, N1, pp. 78-86 (in Rus.)
Zambia
 
  • Northern Province
    • Muchinga Mts.
      • Isoka District
        • Isoka
Zambezi, P., Voncken, J.H.L., Hale, M., and Touret, J.L.R. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 59, 239-250.
The Moon
 
  • Mare Crisium
Mokhov A.V., Kartashov P.M. analytical data
Mineral and/or Locality  
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