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About CamérolaiteHide

Originally assumed to be Cu4Al2(HSbO4,SO4)(CO3)(OH)10·2H2O
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Named in honor of Michel Camérola, French mineral collector.
Cyanotrichite Group.
Closely related to carbonatecyanotrichite, less so to cyanotrichite.

The Sb:S ratio appears to be variable (Walenta, 1995). Type camérolaite has S:Sb = 1:1.44; material from the Clara mine has 1:0.64 (Walenta, 1995), although both have nearly identical X-ray powder diffraction patterns; the refractive indices of the Clara material are lower, however, due to the lower Sb content.

Classification of CamérolaiteHide

Approval Year:
First Published:

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
E : With only medium-sized cations; unclassified

3 : Miscellaneous

12 : Carbonates with other anions
2 : Carbonates with sulphate

Physical Properties of CamérolaiteHide

light green
{100} and {001}
3.1(1) g/cm3 (Measured)    3.09 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Calculated for idealized formula

Optical Data of CamérolaiteHide

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.626 nβ = 1.646 nγ = 1.682
Measured: 75° to 77°, Calculated: 76°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.056
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
α = colorless, β = pale-green, γ = blue-green.

Chemical Properties of CamérolaiteHide


Originally assumed to be Cu4Al2(HSbO4,SO4)(CO3)(OH)10·2H2O

Crystallography of CamérolaiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
1 - Pedial
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.3310(13) Å, b = 2.9130(6) Å, c = 10.727(2) Å
α = 93.77(2)°, β = 96.34(3)°, γ = 79.03(3)°
a:b:c = 2.173 : 1 : 3.682
Unit Cell V:
192.82 ų
Acicular, fibrous, micaceous.
Pseudomonoclinic. May be described with a C-centred triclinic cell with a = 12.441(3), b = 2.9130(6), c = 10.727(2) Å, α = 93.77(3), β = 95.57(3), γ = 92.32(3)° (C1, Z = 0.666).Originally assumed cell: a = 10.76, b = 2.90, c = 12.52 Å, beta = 95.61°.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
5.62 Å(50)
5.160 Å(90)
4.276 Å(100)
3.565 Å(40)
2.380 Å(35)
2.326 Å(35)

Type Occurrence of CamérolaiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Camerolaite forms tufts and radiating fibrous aggregates (0.5-2mm) of acicular crystals
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Mineralogy Department of the Natural History Museum, Geneva, Switzerland.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of CamérolaiteHide

Other Language Names for CamérolaiteHide


Relationship of Camérolaite to other SpeciesHide

Structurally related to group(s):
Cyanotrichite GroupA group of closely related, monoclinic Cu-Al-sulphates.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
3 photos of Camérolaite associated with AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
3 photos of Camérolaite associated with QuartzSiO2
1 photo of Camérolaite associated with LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
1 photo of Camérolaite associated with MansfielditeAlAsO4 · 2H2O
1 photo of Camérolaite associated with BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
1 photo of Camérolaite associated with TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
1 photo of Camérolaite associated with MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.DE.05MangazeiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 3H2OTric.
7.DE.10CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2OOrth.
7.DE.10CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2OOrth.
7.DE.10UKI-1975-(SO:AlCu)(Cu, Al, SO4, H2O)
7.DE.15SchwertmanniteFe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2OTet.
7.DE.20TlalociteCu10Zn6(Te6+O4)2(Te4+O3)(OH)25Cl · 27H2OOrth.
7.DE.25UtahiteCu5Zn3(TeO4)4(OH)8 · 7H2OTric.
7.DE.35CoquanditeSb6+xO8+x(SO4)(OH)x(H2O)1- x (x = 0.3)Tric. 1 : P1
7.DE.40OsakaiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.DE.45WilcoxiteMgAl(SO4)2F · 17H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.DE.50Stanleyite(V4+O)(SO4) · 6H2OOrth.
7.DE.55McalpineiteCu3(Te6+O6)Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Ia3
7.DE.60HydrobasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2OMon.
7.DE.62VolaschioiteFe4(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
7.DE.65ZaheriteAl12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2OTric.
7.DE.70LautenthalitePbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

12.2.2HanksiteNa22K(SO4)9(CO3)2ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
12.2.3TychiteNa6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3
12.2.4MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
12.2.6NakauriiteCu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2OOrth.
12.2.7CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2OOrth.
12.2.8RapidcreekiteCa2(SO4)(CO3) · 4H2OOrth.
12.2.9TatarskiteCa6Mg2(SO4)2(CO3)2(OH)4Cl4 · 7H2OOrth.
12.2.10Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig.
12.2.11LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
12.2.12MacphersonitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
12.2.13SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2Trig. 3 : P3
12.2.14WherryitePb7Cu2(SO4)4(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
12.2.15CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
12.2.16NasledovitePbMn3Al4(CO3)4(SO4)O5 · 5H2O
12.2.17JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2OHex. 6 : P63
12.2.18SchröckingeriteNaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
12.2.20HauckiteFe3+3(Mg,Mn2+)24Zn18(SO4)4(CO3)2(OH)81Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
12.2.22Carrboydite(Ni1-xAlx)(SO4)x/2(OH)2 · nH2OHex.
12.2.23Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFe3+x)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.

Fluorescence of CamérolaiteHide


Other InformationHide

Dissolves in HCl
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for CamérolaiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Sarp, H., Perroud, P. (1991) Camerolaite, Cu4Al2[HSbO4,SO4](OH)10(CO3).2H2O, a new mineral from Cap Garonne mine, Var, France. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1991: 481-486.
Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1992) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 77: 1116-1121.
Cuchet, S. (1995) Seconde occurrence de camérolaïte, Cu4Al2[(HSbO4,SO4)](OH)10(CO3)*2H2O, Val d'Anniviers, Valais, Suisse. Schweiz. Miner. Petrogr. Mitt.: 75: 283-284.
Walenta, K. (1995) Camerolait aus dem Schwarzwald. Aufschluss: 46: 210-214. (in German)
New Mins. (1997) New Minerals 1990-1994.
Hager, S.L., Leverett, P., Williams, P.A. (2009) Possible structural and chemical relationships in the cyanotrichite group. Canadian Mineralogist: 47: 635-648.
Mills, S.J., Christy, A.G., Schnyder, C., Favreau, G., Price, J.R. (2015) The crystal structure of camerolaite and structural variation in the cyanotrichite family of merotypes. Mineralogical Magazine: 78: 1527-1552.
Williams, P.A., Hatert, F., Pasero, M., Mills, S.J. (2015) IMA Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification (CNMNC) Newsletter 23. New minerals and nomenclature modifications approved in 2014 and 2015. Mineralogical Magazine: 79: 51-58.
Hålenius, U., Hatert, F., Pasero, M., Mills, S.J. (2015) IMA Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification (CNMNC) Newsletter 28. New minerals and nomenclature modifications approved in 2015. Mineralogical Magazine: 79: 1859-1864.

Internet Links for CamérolaiteHide

Localities for CamérolaiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Carinthia
    • Karawanken
      • Finkenstein
        • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
Neuhold, F., Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2010): 1619) Camerolait vom Revier Neufinkenstein-Grabanz am Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Karawanken, Kärnten. P. 204 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
  • Styria
    • Mitterdorf
      • Veitsch
Auer, C., Kolitsch, U., Bernhard, F. (2017): 2050) Brochantit, Camerolait, Cornwallit, Cualstibit-1M, Devillin und Langit von den Kupferschürfen am Dürrkogel in der Veitsch, Steiermark. Pp. 272-273 in Walter, F. et al. (2017): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVI. Carinthia II, 207./127., 217-284.
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Padern
Favreau G., Berbain C., Meisser N. (2003), Cyanophyllite et autres espèces rares de la mine du Tistoulet, Padern (Aude), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°4, pp: 17-23
    • Hérault
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1991) 481-486
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Oberwolfach
WALENTA, K. (1995): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Clara. 6. Folge, 1. Teil. - Lapis 20 (5), 33-38.
    • Karlsruhe
      • Freudenstadt
Walenta, K. (1985): Neufunde aus dem Schwarzwald. Lapis, 10 (11), 26-35 (as "cyanotrichite-like mineral"); Walenta, K. (1995): Camerolait aus dem Schwarzwald. Aufschluss 46, 210-214; Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
  • Friuli-Venezia Giulia
    • Udine Province
      • Forni Avoltri
Ciriotti, M.E., Möckel, S., Blaβ, G., Bortolozzi, G. (2006). Cualstibite: ritrovamenti italiani. MICRO (UK report), 2006, 19-24.
      • Paluzza
        • Timau
          • Casera Pramosio (Malga Pramosio)-Monte Avostanis/Blaustein area
- Bortolozzi G.M., Pondrelli M. e Vidus L. (2015) : I minerali della Creta di Timau (Lago Avostanis, Paluzza, Udine): riscoperta di un’antica località mineraria. Gortania, 37, 15-31.
  • Évora
    • Alandroal
      • São Brás dos Matos
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica Co.
      • Ľubietová
Pauliš,P.,Ďuďa,R.,2002: Nejzajímavejší mineralogická naletište Slovenska. Kuttna,K.Hora, 136p
Martin Števko (unpublished, EMPA-WDS confirmed)
      • Špania Dolina (Herrengrund)
P. Andresen collection, obtained from A. Robbemond, 2004.
  • Castile and Leon
    • Zamora
      • Losacino
        • Vide de Alba
-Calvo, M. (2014) "Minerales y Minas de España", Vol. VI (Sulfatos (seleniatos, teluratos),cromatos,molibdatos y wolframatos). Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas. Madrid
  • Valais
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Saint-Luc
CUCHET, S. (1995): Seconde occurrence de camérolaïte, Cu4Al2[(HSbO4,SO4)](OH)10(CO3)*2H2O, Val d'Anniviers, Valais, Suisse. Schweiz. Miner. Petrogr. Mitt. 75, 283-284.; Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 100; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
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