SUPPORT US. Covid-19 has significantly affected our fundraising. Please help!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice SettingsThe Mineral Quiz
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesSearch by ColorNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography
BETA TEST - Fossil data and pages are very much experimental and under development. Please report any problems

Balaenoptera borealis

Description

The sei whale (Balaenoptera borealis) is a baleen whale, the third-largest rorqual after the blue whale and the fin whale. It inhabits most oceans and adjoining seas, and prefers deep offshore waters. It avoids polar and tropical waters and semienclosed bodies of water. The sei whale migrates annually from cool, subpolar waters in summer to temperate, subtropical waters in winter with a lifespan of 70 years.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)10295559https://www.gbif.org/species/10295559
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)70692https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=70692
Rankspecies
Taxonomy (GBIF)Life : Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Cetacea : Balaenopteridae : Balaenoptera : Balaenoptera borealis
Taxonomy (PBDB)Life : Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Cetacea : Balaenopteridae : Balaenoptera : Balaenoptera borealis
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)doubtful
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-TriploblasticaLankester 1877
-NephrozoaJondelius et al. 2002
-DeuterostomiaGrobben 1908
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrataLamarck 1801
superclassGnathostomataGegenbauer 1874
-Osteichthyes
-SarcopterygiiRomer 1955
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha
subclassTetrapodomorpha
-Tetrapoda
-ReptiliomorphaSäve-Söderbergh 1934
-AnthracosauriaSäve-Söderbergh 1934
-Batrachosauria
-Cotylosauria
-AmniotaHaeckel 1866
-SynapsidaOsborn 1903
-Therapsida
infraorderCynodontia
-EpicynodontiaHopson and Kitching 2001
infraorderEucynodontiaKemp 1982
-ProbainognathiaHopson 1990
-MammaliamorphaRowe 1988
-MammaliaformesRowe 1988
classMammaliaLinnaeus 1758
orderCetaceaBrisson 1762
-PelagicetiUhen 2008
-NeocetiFordyce and de Muizon 2001
suborderMysticetiCope 1891
-Chaeomysticeti
superfamilyThalassotheriiBisconti et al. 2013
familyBalaenopteridaeGray 1864
genusBalaenopteraLacépède 1804
speciesBalaenoptera borealisPeale 1848
Taxon RemarksPossible variant of Balaenoptera borealis Lesson, 1828
Generic NameBalaenoptera
Common Namesei whale
Scientific NameBalaenoptera borealis Peale, 1848
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Balaenoptera borealisspeciesbelongs to Balaenopterastated without evidenceLesson, 1828
Balaenoptera borealisspeciesbelongs to Rorqualusstated without evidenceHamilton, 1837
Balaenoptera borealisspeciesbelongs to Balaenopterastated without evidenceLydekker, 1887
Balaenoptera borealisspeciessubjective synonym of Balaenoptera musculusstated with evidenceHershkovitz, 1966
Balaenoptera borealisspeciesbelongs to Balaenopterastated without evidenceBarnes, 1977
Balaenoptera borealisspeciesbelongs to Balaenopterastated with evidenceMead and Brownell, 2005
Balaenoptera borealisspeciesbelongs to Balaenopterastated without evidenceAgnarsson and May-Collado, 2008
Balaenoptera borealisspeciesbelongs to Balaenopterastated with evidenceMarx, 2011
Balaenoptera borealisspeciesbelongs to Rorqualusstated without evidenceHassanin et al., 2012
Balaenoptera borealisspeciesbelongs to Balaenopterastated without evidenceTsai et al., 2014
Balaenoptera borealisspeciesbelongs to Balaenopterastated with evidenceMarx and Fordyce, 2015
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)2
Extant Size (PBDB)2 (100%)
First Recorded Appearance16.0 - 11.6 Ma
Miocene
Environmentmarine (based on Mysticeti)
Motilityactively mobile (based on Cetacea)
Dietsuspension feeder (based on Balaenopteridae)
Reproductionviviparous (based on Cetacea)
Ontogenymodification of parts (based on Cetacea)
Taphonomyhydroxylapatite (based on Mysticeti)
Primary Reference (PBDB)P. Hershkovitz. 1966. Catalog of Living Whales. United States National Museum Bulletin 246:1-259
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balaenoptera_borealis

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Balaenoptera swinhoei alba
subspecies
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1828Balaenoptera borealis Lesson p. 342
1837Rorqualus borealis Hamilton p. 125 figs. Plate 6
1842Rorqualus borealis De Kay p. 131
1846Balaenoptera iwasi Gray p. 20
1846Balaenoptera laticeps Gray p. 20
1850Physalus iwasi Gray p. 42
1864Sibbaldus laticeps Gray p. 222
1864Balaenoptera laticeps Gray p. 223
1864Balaenoptera schlegelii Gray p. 352
1865Sibbaldius laticeps Flower p. 393
1866Physalus iwasi Gray p. 163
1866Sibbaldius schlegelii Gray p. 171
1866Sibbaldus laticeps Gray p. 171
1866Balaenoptera swinhoei Gray p. 382
1868Rudolphius laticeps Gray p. 3
1868Sibbaldius schlegellii Gray p. 3
1887Balaenoptera borealis Lydekker p. 38
YearName and Author
1904Balaenoptera borealis Trouessart p. 783
1904Balaenoptera schlegeli Trouessart p. 783
1904Balaenoptera schlegeli swinhoei Trouessart p. 783
1912Balaenoptera borealis Turner p. 57
1922Balaenoptera borealis Oliver p. 562
1950Balaenoptera borealis Junge p. 24
1952Balaenoptera borealis Sherman p. 99
1963Balaenoptera borealis Scheffer and Rice p. 9
1977Balaenoptera borealis Barnes p. 323 figs. Table 1
1998Balaenoptera borealis Rice p. 75
2005Balaenoptera borealis Mead and Brownell p. 724
2008Balaenoptera borealis Agnarsson and May-Collado p. 981 figs. Fig. 5
2011Balaenoptera borealis Marx p. 83 figs. Figure 2
2012Rorqualus borealis Hassanin et al. p. 43 figs. Fig. 1
2014Balaenoptera borealis Tsai et al. p. 86
2015Balaenoptera borealis Marx and Fordyce p. 4 figs. Figure 2

References

Hershkovitz P. (1966) Catalog of Living Whales, United States National Museum Bulletin 246, 1-259
Gray J. E. On the cetaceous animals, The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus and Terror, under the command of Capt. Sir J. C. Ross, R. N., F. R. S., during the years 1839 to 1843 1 & 2, 1-53
Gray J. E. , Catalogue of the Mammalia in the collection of the British Museum, with descriptions of all the species and figures of the genera. Part I. Cetacea, 1-153
Gray J. E. On the Cetacea which have been observed in the seas surrounding the British Islands, Proceedings of the Scientific Meetings of the Zoological Society of London 1864, 195-248
Gray J. E. Notes on the Whalebone-Whales; with a Synopsis of the Species, The Annals and Magazine of Natural History 14, 345-353
Flower W. H. Notes on the skeletons of whales in the principal museums of Holland and Belgium, with descriptions of two species apparently new to Science 1864, 384-420
Gray J. E. , Catalogue of Seals and Whales in the British Museum, 1-402
Gray J. E. , Synopsis of the species of whales and dolphins in the Collection of the British Museum, 1-10
Lydekker R. , Catalogue of the Fossil Mammalia in the British Museum (Natural History) 5, 1-345
Trouessart E. L. (1904) , Catalogus Mammalium Tam Viventium Quam Fossilium, Fourth Edition, 1-929
Sherman H. B. (1952) A list and bibliography of the mammals of Florida, living and extinct, Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences 15 2, 86-126
Scheffer V. B., Rice D. W. (1963) A list of the marine mammals of the world, United States Fish and Wildlife Service Special Scientific Report - Fisheries 431, 1-12
Barnes L. G. (1977) Outline of eastern North Pacific fossil cetacean assemblages, Systematic Zoology 25 4, 321-343
Rice D. W. (1998) Marine Mammals of the World: Systematics and Distribution, The Society for Marine Mammalogy Special Publication 4, 1-231
Mead J. G., Brownell R. L. (2005) Order Cetacea, Mammalian Species of the World, 723-743
Agnarsson I., May-Collado L. J. (2008) The phylogeny of Cetartiodactyla: The importance of dense taxon sampling, missing data, and the remarkable promise of cytochrome b to provide reliable species-level phylogenies, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48, 964-985
Marx F. G. (2011) The More the Merrier? A Large Cladistic Analysis of Mysticetes, and Comments on the Transition from Teeth to Baleen, Journal of Mammalian Evolution 18, 77-100 doi:10.1007/s10914-010-9148-4
Hassanin A., Delsuc F., et al (2012) Pattern and timing of diversification of Cetartiodactyla (Mammalia, Laurasiatheria), as revealed by a comprehensive analysis of mitochondrial genomes, Comptes Rendus Biologies 335, 32-50
Tsai C.-H., Fordyce R. E., et al (2014) Quaternary fossil gray whales from Taiwan, Paleontological Research 18 2, 82-93 doi:10.2517/2014PR009
Marx F. G., Fordyce R. E. (2015) Baleen boom and bust: a synthesis of mysticete phylogeny, diversity and disparity, Royal Society Open Science 2, 140434 doi:10.1098/rsos.140434
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat Discussions Facebook Logo Instagram Logo Discord Logo
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2020, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: October 20, 2020 07:24:31 Page generated: May 30, 2020 11:46:30
Go to top of page