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Columbiformes

Description

Columbidae is a bird family constituted of pigeons and doves. These are stout-bodied birds with short necks, and short slender bills that in some species feature fleshy ceres. They primarily feed on seeds, fruits, and plants. The family occurs worldwide, but the greatest variety is in the Indomalaya and Australasia ecozones.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)1446https://www.gbif.org/species/1446
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)39349https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=39349
Rankorder
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Columbiformes
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-TriploblasticaLankester 1877
-NephrozoaJondelius et al. 2002
-DeuterostomiaGrobben 1908
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrataLamarck 1801
superclassGnathostomataGegenbauer 1874
-Osteichthyes
-SarcopterygiiRomer 1955
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha
subclassTetrapodomorpha
-Tetrapoda
-ReptiliomorphaSäve-Söderbergh 1934
-AnthracosauriaSäve-Söderbergh 1934
-Batrachosauria
-Cotylosauria
-AmniotaHaeckel 1866
-SauropsidaHuxley 1864
classReptiliaLaurenti 1768
subclassEureptilia
-RomeriidaGauthier et al. 1988
-Diapsida
-Eosuchia
-NeodiapsidaBenton 1985
-SauriaGauthier 1984
-Archosauromorpha
-CrocopodaEzcurra 2016
-ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
-EucrocopodaEzcurra 2016
-Archosauria
informalAvemetatarsaliaBenton 1999
-OrnithodiraGauthier 1986
-DinosauromorphaBenton 1985
-DinosauriformesNovas 1992
-Dinosauria
-Saurischia
-Theropoda
-NeotheropodaBakker 1986
-AverostraPaul 2002
-TetanuraeGauthier 1986
orderAvetheropodaPaul 1988
suborderCoelurosauriaHuene 1914
-ManiraptoraGauthier 1986
-ParavesSereno 1997
classAvesLinnaeus 1758
-PygostyliaChiappe 2002
-OrnithothoracesChiappe and Calvo 1994
-OrnithuromorphaChiappe et al. 1999
subclassOrnithuraeHaeckel 1866
subclassNeornithesGadow 1893
-Neognathae
-NeoavesSibley et al. 1988
-TerrestrornithesLivezey and Zusi 2007
-Dendrornithes
-AnomalogonatesGarrod 1874
-CoccygesHuxley 1867
superorderPsittacimorphae
orderColumbiformesLatham 1790
Common Namedove
Scientific NameColumbiformes
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Columbiformessuborderbelongs to Carinataestated with evidenceZittel, 1890
Columbiformesorderbelongs to Neognathaestated with evidenceWetmore, 1960
Columbiformesorderbelongs to NeognathaeimpliedCarroll, 1988
Columbiformesorderbelongs to Avesstated without evidenceParmalee, 1992
Columbiformesorderbelongs to Psittacimorphaestated with evidenceLivezey and Zusi, 2007
Columbiformesorderbelongs to Avesstated without evidencedel Hoyo et al., 2014
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)157
Extant Size (PBDB)109 (69%)
First Recorded Appearance83.6 - 72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Environmentterrestrial (based on Theropoda)
Motilityactively mobile (based on Theropoda)
Dietcarnivore (based on Coelurosauria)
Reproductionoviparous, dispersal=direct/internal,mobile (based on Theropoda)
Ontogenyaccretion,modification of parts (based on Theropoda)
Taphonomyhydroxylapatite,compact or dense (based on Theropoda)
Primary Reference (PBDB)R. L. Carroll. 1988. Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution
Common Name(s) Sandgrouse, Doves, Pigeons, Duvfåglar, Голубоподібні, Dove, Pigeons And Others, Doves, Pigeons, Colombes
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Columbiformes

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Columbae
suborder
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Pterocletes
suborder
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Columbidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
57583.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Dididae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Raphidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1790Columbiformes Latham
1890Columbiformes Zittel p. 848
1960Columbiformes Wetmore p. 28
1988Columbiformes Carroll
1992Columbiformes Parmalee p. 314
2007Columbiformes Livezey and Zusi p. 93
2014Columbiformes del Hoyo et al.

References

Carroll R. L. (1988) , Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution, 1-698
Zittel K. A. v. , Handbuch der Palaeontologie. I. Abteilung Paleozoologie. III. Band. Vertebrata (Pisces, Amphibia, Reptilia, Aves) [Handbook of Paleontology. Division I. Paleozoology. Volume III. Vertebrata (Pisces, Amphibia, Reptilia, Aves)], xii-900
Wetmore A. (1960) A classification for the birds of the world, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 139 11, 1-37
Parmalee P. W. (1992) A late Pleistocene avifauna from northwestern Alabama, Science Series, Los Angeles Museum of Natural History, Science, and Art 36, 307-318
Livezey B. C., Zusi R. L. (2007) Higher-order phylogeny of modern birds (Theropoda, Aves: Neornithes) based on comparative anatomy. II. Analysis and discussion, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 149 1, 1-95
del Hoyo J., Collar N. J., et al (2014) HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines, 1-904
Eberhard Mey,Daniel González-Acuña,Rubilar-Contreras,L.,Polmeyer,K.,Skewes-Ramm,O. (2004) Fáuna parasitaria de la tórtola común (Zenaida auriculata des Murs, 1847) (Columbiformes: Columbidae) en Ñuble, Chile - via Phthiraptera.info
Gärdenfors, Ulf, Hall, Ragnar, Hallingbäck, Tomas, Hansson, Hans G. & Hedström, Lars (2003) Djur, svampar och växter i Sverige 2003. Förteckning över antal arter per familj. ArtDatabanken Rapporterar 5, ArtDatabanken, Uppsala. (reviderad excelfil med svenska djurfamiljer). - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes, 2003: null. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner, 1987: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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