SUPPORT US. Covid-19 has significantly affected our fundraising. Please help!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice SettingsThe Mineral Quiz
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesSearch by ColorNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography
BETA TEST - Fossil data and pages are very much experimental and under development. Please report any problems

Crepidula

Description

Crepidula, commonly known as the slipper snails, slipper limpets, or slipper shells, is a genus of sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Calyptraeidae. This family includes the slipper snails (Crepidula), hat snails (Calyptraea), spiny slipper snails (Bostrycapulus), and cup-and-saucer snails (Crucibulum) as well as Crepipatella, Siphopatella, Grandicrepidula, and Maoricrypta.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)2301670https://www.gbif.org/species/2301670
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)9697https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=9697
Rankgenus
Taxonomy (GBIF)Life : Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Calyptraeidae : Crepidula
Taxonomy (PBDB)Life : Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Calyptraeidae : Crepidula
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-Bilateria
-EubilateriaAx 1987
-ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
-Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMolluscaLinnaeus 1758
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
superorderHypsogastropoda
infraorderLittorinimorphaGolikov and Starobogtov 1975
superfamilyCalyptraeoideaLamarck 1809
familyCalyptraeidaeLamarck 1809
genusCrepidulaLamarck 1799
Scientific NameCrepidula Lamarck, 1799
Name Published InLamarck, J. B. P. A. de M. de. 1799. Prodrome d’une nouvelle classification des coquilles, comprenant une rédaction appropriée des caractères génériques, et l’établissement d’un grand nombre de genres nouveaux. Mémoires de la Société d’Histoire Naturelle de Paris 1: 63-91.
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Crepidulasubgenusbelongs to Calyptraeastated with evidenced'Orbigny, 1841
Crepidulagenusbelongs to Calyptraeidaestated without evidenceMartin, 1904
Crepidulagenusbelongs to Crepidulidaestated without evidenceClark and Arnold, 1923
Crepidulagenusbelongs to Calyptraeidaestated without evidenceOostingh, 1935
Crepidulagenusbelongs to Crepidulidaestated without evidenceTurner, 1938
Crepidulagenusbelongs to Calyptraeidaestated with evidenceGardner, 1947
Crepidulagenusbelongs to Crepidulidaestated without evidenceWoodring, 1957
Crepidulagenusbelongs to Calyptraeidaestated without evidenceMoore, 1976
Crepidulagenusbelongs to Calyptraeidaestated with evidenceLadd, 1982
Crepidulagenusbelongs to Calyptraeidaestated without evidenceSquires, 1987
Crepidulagenusbelongs to Crepidulidaestated with evidenceWard and Blackwelder, 1987
Crepidulagenusbelongs to CalyptraeidaeimpliedWilson, 1993
Crepidulagenusbelongs to Calyptraeidaestated with evidenceTodd, 2001
Crepidulagenusbelongs to Calyptraeidaestated without evidenceWienrich, 2001
Crepidulagenusbelongs to Neotaenioglossasecond handSepkoski, 2002
Crepidulagenusbelongs to Calyptraeidaestated with evidenceRosenberg, 2005
Crepidulagenusbelongs to Calyptraeidaestated without evidenceMatsubara et al., 2010
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)44
Extant Size (PBDB)25 (57%)
First Recorded Appearance113 - 109 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Motilityfacultatively mobile, attached
Visionlimited (based on Gastropoda)
Dietsuspension feeder
Ecospace CommentsDIMENSIONS & MORPHOLOGY: Based on ten randomly selected figured species.
Feeding (Orton, 1991, Nature): The mode of feeding in Crepidula is ithe same in principle as that of the oyster, that is, there is an ingoing and an outgoing current of water kept up in the mantle-cavity, while between the two currents the gill acts as a strainer, retaining even very fine particles of suspended matter, which eventually "by one of two ways" reach the mouth.
Taphonomythin,minor ribbing
Primary Reference (PBDB)J. J. Sepkoski, Jr. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology 363:1-560
Common Name(s) Crépidules, Muiltjes
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crepidula

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Crepidula (Crepidula)
subgenus
listed (PBDB)911.6 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Crepidula (Garnotia)
subgenus
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Crepidula (Ianacus)
subgenus
listed (PBDB)611.6 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Crepidula (Janacus)
subgenus
listed (PBDB)1147.8 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Crepidula (Siphopatella)
subgenus
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Crepidula (Spirocrypta)
subgenus
listed (PBDB)
Calyptraea (Crepidula) protea
species
listed (PBDB)140.78 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Crepidula acuta
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula adunca
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3923.0 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Crepidula aeola
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Crepidula aesop
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula aplysioides
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Crepidula arenata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula argentina
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula atrasolea
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula badisparsa
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula bractea
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Crepidula cachimilla
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula carioca
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula cerithicola
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula chilenis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula complanata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula convexa
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
283.60 Ma
Pliocene
0 Ma
Extant
Crepidula coquimbensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula cymbaeformis
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
15.33 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Crepidula depressa
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Crepidula deprima
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
33.60 Ma
Pliocene
3.60 Ma
Pliocene
Crepidula derjugini
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula dickersoni
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
241.3 Ma
Eocene
38.0 Ma
Eocene
Crepidula diminutiva
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
723.0 Ma
Miocene
23.0 Ma
Miocene
Crepidula dumosa
species
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2747.8 Ma
Eocene
41.3 Ma
Eocene
Crepidula excavata
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
93.60 Ma
Pliocene
0 Ma
Extant
Crepidula falconeri
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1047.8 Ma
Eocene
47.8 Ma
Eocene
Crepidula fimbriata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula fornicata
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
13628.4 Ma
Oligocene
0 Ma
Extant
Crepidula gatunensis
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Crepidula gibbosa
species
listed (PBDB)1016.0 Ma
Miocene
3.60 Ma
Pliocene
Crepidula glottidiarum
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula gryphaea
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula huertae
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula incurva
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
10.13 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Crepidula iniquita
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
148.6 Ma
Eocene
48.6 Ma
Eocene
Crepidula intratesta
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula latebra
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula lessonii
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula lirata
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
4247.8 Ma
Eocene
41.3 Ma
Eocene
Crepidula maculosa
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2316.0 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Crepidula margarita
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula marginalis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula moulinsii
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula naticarum
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula navicella
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula navicula
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Crepidula neritoides
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula nivea
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
10.13 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Crepidula norrisianum
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
20.13 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Crepidula norrisiarum
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula nummaria
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2623.0 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Crepidula odites
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula onyx
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula onyx
species
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3023.0 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Crepidula pabloensis
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Crepidula perforans
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula philippiana
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula plana
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
11828.4 Ma
Oligocene
0 Ma
Extant
Crepidula porcellana
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula praerupta
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2537.2 Ma
Eocene
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Crepidula precursor
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula princeps
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3628.1 Ma
Oligocene
0.78 Ma
Pleistocene
Crepidula procellana
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula protea
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula pyguaia
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula reflexilabrum
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula rostralis
species
listed (PBDB)328.1 Ma
Oligocene
23.0 Ma
Miocene
Crepidula rostrata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula rugosa
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula saugusensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula scutum
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula sookensis
species
listed (PBDB)
Crepidula squamaeformis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula stillwaterensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula striolata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula tainohataensis
species
listed (PBDB)547.8 Ma
Eocene
47.8 Ma
Eocene
Crepidula tegulicia
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula ungana
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2748.6 Ma
Eocene
28.1 Ma
Oligocene
Crepidula unguiformis
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1328.1 Ma
Oligocene
1.81 Ma
Pleistocene
Crepidula unguis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula ustulatulina
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula williamsi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crepidula wolfae
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB

Obsolete Names

NameSourceTaxon RankTaxonomy
Siphopatella Lesson, 1831GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Calyptraeidae : Siphopatella
Syphopatella Lesson, 1831GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Calyptraeidae : Syphopatella
Siphonipatella Agassiz, 1847GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Calyptraeidae : Siphonipatella
Crypta Gray, 1847GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Calyptraeidae : Crypta
Crepidulus Montfort, 1810GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Calyptraeidae : Crepidulus
Garnotia Gray, 1857GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Calyptraeidae : Garnotia
Ianacus Mörch, 1852GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Calyptraeidae : Ianacus

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1799Crepidula Lamarck
1841Calyptraea (Crepidula) d'Orbigny p. 465
1904Crepidula Martin p. 248
1923Crepidula Clark and Arnold p. 166
1935Crepidula Oostingh p. 42
1938Crepidula Turner p. 90
1938Crepidula Wenz p. 902
1944Crepidula Durham p. 161
1947Crepidula Gardner p. 561
1957Crepidula Woodring p. 79
1970Crepidula Addicott p. 62
YearName and Author
1976Crepidula Moore p. 31
1982Crepidula Ladd p. 36
1987Crepidula Squires p. 31
1987Crepidula Ward and Blackwelder p. 131
1993Crepidula Wilson p. 164
2001Crepidula Todd
2001Crepidula Wienrich p. 419
2002Crepidula Sepkoski, Jr.
2005Crepidula Rosenberg
2010Crepidula Landau and Marques da Silva p. 25
2010Crepidula Matsubara et al. p. 129

References

Sepkoski, Jr. J. J. (2002) A compendium of fossil marine animal genera, Bulletins of American Paleontology 363, 1-560
Martin G. C. (1904) Gastropoda, Maryland Geological Survey Miocene Text, 131-269
Clark B. L., Arnold R. (1923) Fauna of the Sooke Formation Vancouver Island, University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geological Sciences 14 5, 123-234
Oostingh C. H. (1935) Die Mollusken des Pliozäns von Boemiajoe (Java), Dienst van den Mijnbouw in Nederlandsch-Indië Wetenschappelijke Mededeelingen 26, 1-247
Turner F. E. (1938) Stratigraphy and Mollusca of the Eocene of western Oregon, Geological Society of America Special Paper 10, 1-130
Wenz W. (1938) Handbuch der Paläozoologie; Gastropoda, Handbuch der Paläozoologie
Durham J. W. (1944) Megafaunal zones of the Oligocene of northwestern Washington, University of California Publications in Geological Sciences 27, 101 -212
Gardner J. R. (1947) The Molluscan Fauna of the Alum Bluff Group of Florida, United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 142A-H, 1-709
Woodring W. P. (1957) Geology and Paleontology of Canal Zone and adjoining parts of Panama., United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 306 A
Addicott W.O. (1970) Miocene Gastropods and Biostratigraphy of the Kern River Area, California, United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 642, 1-172
Moore E. J. (1976) Oligocene marine mollusks from the Pittsburg Bluff Formation in Oregon, United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 922, 1-66
Ladd H. S. (1982) Cenozoic fossil mollusks from Western Pacific Islands; Gastropods (Volutidae through Terebridae), United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 1171, 1-100
Squires R. L. (1987) Eocene molluscan paleontology of the Whitaker Peak area, Los Angeles and Ventura counties, California, Contributions in Science, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County 388, 1-93
Ward L. W., Blackwelder B.W. (1987) Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene Mollusca from the James City and Chowan River Formations at Lee Creek Mine, Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 61, 113-283
Wilson B. (1993) , Australian Marine Shells 1
Todd J. A. (2001) Systematic list of gastropods in the Panama Paleontology Project collections
Wienrich G. (2001) Die Fauna des marinen Miozäns von Kevelaer (Niederrhein), Gastropoda bis Cancellariidae 3, 385-639
Rosenberg G. (2005) Malacolog 4.0: A database of Western Atlantic marine Mollusca, [WWW database (version 4.1.0)] URL http://data.acnatsci.org/wasp
Landau B., Marques da Silva C. (2010) Early Pliocene gastropods of Cubagua, Venezuela: Taxonomy, palaeobiogeography and ecostratigraphy, Palaeontos 19, 1-221
Matsubara T., Kurita H., et al (2010) Eocene Mollusca from the Tainohata Formation in Kobe City, southwest Japan, Paleontological Research 14 2, 119-144 doi:10.2517/1342-8144-14.2.119
Aphia2006 - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
CoL2006 - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Nomenclator Zoologicus. A list of the names of genera and subgenera in zoology from the tenth edition of Linnaeus, 1758 to the end of 2004. Digitised by uBio from vols. 1-9 of Neave (ed.), 1939-1996 plus supplementary digital-only volume. http://ubio.org/NomenclatorZoologicus (as at 2006). - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Sepkoski, J. J., Jr. (2002). A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology. 363, 1-560. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
WoRMS (Mar 2013) - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Turgeon, D. D., J. F. Quinn, Jr., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, F. G. Hochberg, W. G. Lyons, et al., 1998: Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd ed.. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26. 526. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Hoagland K.E. 1983. Notes on type specimens of Crepidula (Prosobranchia: Calyptraeidae) in the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia 135: 1–8. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Hoagland, K.E. 1977. Systematic review of fossil and recent Crepidula and discussion of the evolution of the Calyptraeidae. Malacologia, 16(2): 353-420. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Collin, R. (2003). Phylogenetic Relationships Among Calyptraeid Gastropods and Their Implications for the Biogeography of Marine Speciation. Systematic Biology. 52(5): 618-640. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
SN2000/Ruppert et al., 2004 - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Mém. Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Alastair Graham, F.R.S. (1988) - via Taxa Watermanagement the Netherlands (TWN)
Lamarck, J.B.M. (1799). Prodrome d'une nouvelle classification des coquilles, comprenant une rédaction appropriée des caractères géneriques, et l'établissement d'un grand nombre de genres nouveaux. Mémoires de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris. 1: 63-91. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Hoagland K.E. 1983. Notes on type specimens of Crepidula (Prosobranchia: Calyptraeidae) in the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia 135: 1–8. - via World Register of Marine Species
Hoagland, K.E. 1977. Systematic review of fossil and recent Crepidula and discussion of the evolution of the Calyptraeidae. Malacologia, 16(2): 353-420. - via World Register of Marine Species
Collin, R. (2003). Phylogenetic Relationships Among Calyptraeid Gastropods and Their Implications for the Biogeography of Marine Speciation. Systematic Biology. 52(5): 618-640. - via World Register of Marine Species
Karlsson, Anna (2004) Mollusker - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Lamarck, J.B.M. (1799). Prodrome d'une nouvelle classification des coquilles, comprenant une rédaction appropriée des caractères géneriques, et l'établissement d'un grand nombre de genres nouveaux. Mémoires de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris. 1: 63-91. - via World Register of Marine Species
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat Discussions Facebook Logo Instagram Logo Discord Logo
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2020, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: November 30, 2020 07:44:22 Page generated: May 4, 2020 00:20:41
Go to top of page