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Haliaeetus

Description

A sea eagle (also called erne or ern, mostly in reference to the white-tailed eagle) is any of the birds of prey in the genus Haliaeetus in the bird of prey family Accipitridae.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)2480444https://www.gbif.org/species/2480444
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)133776https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=133776
Rankgenus
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Accipitriformes : Accipitridae : Haliaeetus
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-TriploblasticaLankester 1877
-NephrozoaJondelius et al. 2002
-DeuterostomiaGrobben 1908
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrataLamarck 1801
superclassGnathostomataGegenbauer 1874
-Osteichthyes
-SarcopterygiiRomer 1955
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha
subclassTetrapodomorpha
-Tetrapoda
-ReptiliomorphaSäve-Söderbergh 1934
-AnthracosauriaSäve-Söderbergh 1934
-Batrachosauria
-Cotylosauria
-AmniotaHaeckel 1866
-SauropsidaHuxley 1864
classReptiliaLaurenti 1768
subclassEureptilia
-RomeriidaGauthier et al. 1988
-Diapsida
-Eosuchia
-NeodiapsidaBenton 1985
-SauriaGauthier 1984
-Archosauromorpha
-CrocopodaEzcurra 2016
-ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
-EucrocopodaEzcurra 2016
-Archosauria
informalAvemetatarsaliaBenton 1999
-OrnithodiraGauthier 1986
-DinosauromorphaBenton 1985
-DinosauriformesNovas 1992
-Dinosauria
-Saurischia
-Theropoda
-NeotheropodaBakker 1986
-AverostraPaul 2002
-TetanuraeGauthier 1986
orderAvetheropodaPaul 1988
suborderCoelurosauriaHuene 1914
-ManiraptoraGauthier 1986
-ParavesSereno 1997
classAvesLinnaeus 1758
orderAccipitriformesVieillot 1816
familyAccipitridaeViellot 1816
genusHaliaeetusSavigny 1809
Scientific NameHaliaeetus Savigny, 1809
Name Published InSavigny, Jules C. 1809. Système des oiseaux de l'Égypte et de la Syrie. In: Description de l’Egypte. Histoire naturelle. Imprimerie Impériale, Paris. Vol. t.1, pt.1: 63-114.
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Haliaeetusgenusbelongs to Accipitridaestated without evidenceLambrecht, 1933
Haliaeetusgenusbelongs to Accipitridaestated with evidenceOlson and James, 1991
Haliaeetusgenusbelongs to Accipitridaestated without evidenceGuthrie, 1992
Haliaeetusgenusbelongs to Accipitridaestated with evidenceClements et al., 2017
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)6
Extant Size (PBDB)5 (83%)
First Recorded Appearance16.0 - 11.6 Ma
Miocene
Environmentterrestrial (based on Accipitridae)
Motilityactively mobile (based on Theropoda)
Dietcarnivore (based on Accipitridae)
Reproductionoviparous, dispersal=direct/internal,mobile (based on Theropoda)
Ontogenyaccretion,modification of parts (based on Theropoda)
Taphonomyhydroxylapatite,compact or dense (based on Theropoda)
Primary Reference (PBDB)P. W. Parmalee. 1992. A late Pleistocene avifauna from northwestern Alabama. Science Series, Los Angeles Museum of Natural History, Science, and Art 36:307-318
Common Name(s) Fish Eagles, Havsörnar, Ob. Havsörn, オジロワシ
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haliaeetus

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Haliaeetus albicilla
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
White-tailed Eagle142.59 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Haliaeetus calei
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Haliaeetus canorus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Haliaeetus humilis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Haliaeetus ichthyaetus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Haliaeetus leucocephalus
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Bald Eagle252.59 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Haliaeetus leucogaster
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Haliaeetus leucoryphus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Haliaeetus pelagicus
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Steller's Sea-eagle10.13 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Haliaeetus piscator
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
116.0 Ma
Miocene
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Haliaeetus sanfordi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Haliaeetus vocifer
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
African Fish-eagle10.13 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Haliaeetus vociferoides
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB

Obsolete Names

NameSourceTaxon RankTaxonomy
Haliaetos Bonaparte, 1826GBIFgenusAnimalia : Chordata : Aves : Accipitriformes : Accipitridae : Haliaetos
Haliaetus Cuvier, 1816GBIFgenusAnimalia : Chordata : Aves : Accipitriformes : Accipitridae : Haliaetus
Haliaethus Lesson, 1831GBIFgenusAnimalia : Chordata : Aves : Accipitriformes : Accipitridae : Haliaethus
Halioetus Lesson, 1841GBIFgenusAnimalia : Chordata : Aves : Accipitriformes : Accipitridae : Halioetus
Halyaetus d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837GBIFgenusAnimalia : Chordata : Aves : Accipitriformes : Accipitridae : Halyaetus

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1809Haliaeetus Savigny
1933Haliaeetus Lambrecht p. 406
1967Haliaeetus Wilson p. 206
1982Haliaeetus Olson and James p. 35
1987Haliaeetus Rasmussen et al. p. 4
1991Haliaeetus Olson and James p. 62
1992Haliaeetus Guthrie p. 322
1992Haliaeetus Parmalee p. 310
2017Haliaeetus Clements et al.

References

Parmalee P. W. (1992) A late Pleistocene avifauna from northwestern Alabama, Science Series, Los Angeles Museum of Natural History, Science, and Art 36, 307-318
Lambrecht K. (1933) Handbuch der Palaeornithologie, 1-1024
Wilson R. L. (1967) The Pleistocene vertebrates of Michigan, Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters 52, 197-234
Olson S. L., James H. F. (1982) Prodromus of the fossil avifauna of the Hawaiian Islands, Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 365, 1-59
Rasmussen D. T., Olson S. L., et al (1987) Fossil Birds from the Oligocene Jebel Qatrani Formation, Fayum Province, Egypt, Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 62, 1-20
Olson S. L., James H. F. (1991) Descriptions of Thirty-Two New Species of Birds from the Hawaiian Islands: Part I. Non-Passeriformes, Ornithological Monographs 45, 1-88
Guthrie D. A. (1992) A late Pleistocene avifauna from San Miguel Island, California, Science Series (Los Angeles) 36, 319-327
Clements J. F., Schulenberg T. S., et al (2017) , The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017
Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes, 2003: null. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner, 1987: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
CoL2006 - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Egypte, 1 (1) (Ois.), 68 - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Nomenclator Zoologicus. A list of the names of genera and subgenera in zoology from the tenth edition of Linnaeus, 1758 to the end of 2004. Digitised by uBio from vols. 1-9 of Neave (ed.), 1939-1996 plus supplementary digital-only volume. http://ubio.org/NomenclatorZoologicus (as at 2006). - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
WoRMS (Mar 2013) - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
web search (AJR) - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
SOF (2007) Holarktis Fåglar, version 2. SOF:s Taxonomikommittés officiella lista över Holarktis fåglar - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
SN2000/Monroe Jr. & Sibley, 1993 - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Egypte, 1 (1) (Ois.), 68 - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
SN2000 unverified - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
SN2000: Brands, S. J. (compiler) 1989-2005. Systema Naturae 2000. Amsterdam, The Netherlands (2006 version). Available online at http://sn2000.taxonomy.nl/. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
refer synonym source - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
same as current name - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Nilson, Göran (2009) Faunistiskt nytt 2009 – ryggradsdjur. Göteborgs naturhistoriska Museum Årstryck 2010: 19–24 - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
SN2000 - Orthographic variant - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Brown, L.H., E.K. Urban & K. Newman. (1982). The Birds of Africa, Volume I. Academic Press, London. - via World Register of Marine Species
International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. Opinion 67 One hundred and two Bird names placed in the Official List of Generic Names.Opinions and declarations rendered by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature 1B, 177-182 (1916) - via Official Lists and Indexes of Names in Zoology
Neave, Sheffield Airey. (1939-1996). Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. 1-10 Online. [developed by uBio, hosted online at MBLWHOI Library]. - via World Register of Marine Species
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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