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Tyto

Description

Tyto is a genus of birds consisting of true barn owls, grass owls and masked owls that collectively make up all the species within the subfamily Tytoninae of the barn owl family, Tytonidae.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)2497905https://www.gbif.org/species/2497905
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)39409https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=39409
Rankgenus
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Strigiformes : Tytonidae : Tyto
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-TriploblasticaLankester 1877
-NephrozoaJondelius et al. 2002
-DeuterostomiaGrobben 1908
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrataLamarck 1801
superclassGnathostomataGegenbauer 1874
-Osteichthyes
-SarcopterygiiRomer 1955
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha
subclassTetrapodomorpha
-Tetrapoda
-ReptiliomorphaSäve-Söderbergh 1934
-AnthracosauriaSäve-Söderbergh 1934
-Batrachosauria
-Cotylosauria
-AmniotaHaeckel 1866
-SauropsidaHuxley 1864
classReptiliaLaurenti 1768
subclassEureptilia
-RomeriidaGauthier et al. 1988
-Diapsida
-Eosuchia
-NeodiapsidaBenton 1985
-SauriaGauthier 1984
-Archosauromorpha
-CrocopodaEzcurra 2016
-ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
-EucrocopodaEzcurra 2016
-Archosauria
informalAvemetatarsaliaBenton 1999
-OrnithodiraGauthier 1986
-DinosauromorphaBenton 1985
-DinosauriformesNovas 1992
-Dinosauria
-Saurischia
-Theropoda
-NeotheropodaBakker 1986
-AverostraPaul 2002
-TetanuraeGauthier 1986
orderAvetheropodaPaul 1988
suborderCoelurosauriaHuene 1914
-ManiraptoraGauthier 1986
-ParavesSereno 1997
classAvesLinnaeus 1758
-PygostyliaChiappe 2002
-OrnithothoracesChiappe and Calvo 1994
-OrnithuromorphaChiappe et al. 1999
subclassOrnithuraeHaeckel 1866
subclassNeornithesGadow 1893
-Neognathae
-NeoavesSibley et al. 1988
-TerrestrornithesLivezey and Zusi 2007
-Dendrornithes
-RaptoresBaird 1858
superorderFalconimorphae
orderStrigiformesWagler 1830
familyTytonidaeRidgway 1914
genusTytoBillberg 1828
Scientific NameTyto Billberg, 1828
Name Published InBillberg, Gustaf J. 1828. Synopsis faunae Scandinaviae. Caroli Deleen, Holmiae.: t.1, pt.2. Aves : 1-208, tab.A-C.
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Tytogenusbelongs to Tytonidaestated with evidenceLambrecht, 1933
Tytogenusbelongs to Tytonidaestated without evidenceOlson, 1985
Tytogenusbelongs to TytonidaeimpliedCarroll, 1988
Tytogenusbelongs to Strigiformesstated without evidenceGuthrie, 1992
Tytogenusbelongs to Tytonidaestated without evidenceBurney et al., 2008
Tytogenusbelongs to Tytonidaestated with evidenceMeijer et al., 2013
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)16
Extant Size (PBDB)8 (50%)
First Recorded Appearance13.7 - 12.7 Ma
Miocene
Environmentterrestrial (based on Strigiformes)
Motilityactively mobile (based on Theropoda)
Visionwell-developed (based on Strigiformes)
Dietcarnivore (based on Strigiformes)
Reproductionoviparous, brooding (based on Strigiformes)
Ontogenyaccretion,modification of parts (based on Theropoda)
Taphonomyhydroxylapatite,compact or dense (based on Theropoda)
Primary Reference (PBDB)R. L. Carroll. 1988. Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution
Common Name(s) Barn-owls
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyto

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Tyto alba
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Barn Owl802.59 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Tyto almae
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tyto aurantia
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tyto balearica
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
55.33 Ma
Miocene
0.78 Ma
Pleistocene
Tyto balearta
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tyto capensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tyto cavatica
species
listed (PBDB)
Tyto cravesae
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Craves's Giant Barn Owl
Tyto glaucops
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Ashy-faced Owl10.01 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Tyto inexspectata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tyto letocarti
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
40.01 Ma
Pleistocene
0.01 Ma
Pleistocene
Tyto manusi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tyto mourerchauvireae
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
10.78 Ma
Pleistocene
0.78 Ma
Pleistocene
Tyto multipunctata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tyto neddi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tyto nigrobrunnea
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tyto noeli
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Noel's Giant Barn Owl40.13 Ma
Pleistocene
0.13 Ma
Pleistocene
Tyto novaehollandiae
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Australian Masked-owl40.78 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Tyto ostologa
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Hispaniolan Giant Barn Owl10.13 Ma
Pleistocene
0.13 Ma
Pleistocene
Tyto pollens
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Bahama Barn Owl40.13 Ma
Pleistocene
0.13 Ma
Pleistocene
Tyto pratinicola
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tyto rosenbergii
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tyto sororcula
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tyto soumagnei
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tyto tenebricosa
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1828Tyto Billberg
1933Tyto Lambrecht p. 612
1985Tyto Olson p. 132
1988Tyto Carroll
1992Tyto Guthrie p. 324
2008Tyto Burney et al. p. 18
2013Tyto Meijer et al. p. 886
2017Tyto Clements et al.

References

Carroll R. L. (1988) , Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution, 1-698
Lambrecht K. (1933) Handbuch der Palaeornithologie, 1-1024
Olson S. L. (1985) The fossil record of birds, Avian Biology VIII, 79-256
Guthrie D. A. (1992) A late Pleistocene avifauna from San Miguel Island, California, Science Series (Los Angeles) 36, 319-327
Burney D. A., Vasey N., et al (2008) New findings at Andrahomana Cave, southeastern Madagascar, Journal of Cave and Karst Studies 70 1, 13-24
Meijer H. J. M., Sutikna T., et al (2013) Late Pleistocene-Holocene non-passerine avifauna of Liang Bua (Flores, Indonesia), Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 33, 877-894
Clements J. F., Schulenberg T. S., et al (2017) , The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017
SOF (2007) Holarktis Fåglar, version 2. SOF:s Taxonomikommittés officiella lista över Holarktis fåglar - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner, 1987: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
CoL2006 - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Nomenclator Zoologicus. A list of the names of genera and subgenera in zoology from the tenth edition of Linnaeus, 1758 to the end of 2004. Digitised by uBio from vols. 1-9 of Neave (ed.), 1939-1996 plus supplementary digital-only volume. http://ubio.org/NomenclatorZoologicus (as at 2006). - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
SN2000/Monroe Jr. & Sibley, 1993, PaleoDB - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
as per family - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Syn. Faunae Scand., 1 (2), Tab. A dorso. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
SN2000/Monroe Jr. & Sibley, 1993 - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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