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Mollusca

Description

Mollusca is the second-largest phylum of invertebrate animals after the arthropoda. The members are known as molluscs or mollusks. Around 85,000 extant species of molluscs are recognized. The number of fossil species is estimated between 60,000 and 100,000 additional species. The proportion of undescribed species is very high. Many taxa remain poorly studied.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)52https://www.gbif.org/species/52
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)7805https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=7805
Rankphylum
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Mollusca
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-Bilateria
-EubilateriaAx 1987
-ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
-Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMolluscaLinnaeus 1758
Common Namemollusk
Scientific NameMollusca
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Molluscaphylumbelongs to Metazoastated without evidenceShoshani et al., 1989
Molluscaphylumbelongs to Eutrochozoastated without evidenceZrzavy et al., 1998
Molluscaphylumbelongs to Metazoasecond handSepkoski, 2002
Molluscaunranked cladebelongs to Trochozoastated without evidenceEdgecombe et al., 2011
Molluscaphylumbelongs to Schizocoelastated without evidenceNielsen, 2012
Molluscaphylumbelongs to Lophotrochozoastated with evidenceLaumer et al., 2015
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)71,607
Extant Size (PBDB)10,173 (14%)
First Recorded Appearance635 - 541 Ma
Neoproterozoic
Primary Reference (PBDB)C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824
Common Name(s) Weichtiere, Blötdjur, Molluscs, Mollusken, Mollusques, Moluscos, Weekdieren, М'якуни, 軟体動物, Mollusk, Mollusker, Mollusks, Molusco
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mollusca

External Images

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Cyrtostoma
subphylum
listed (PBDB)
Aplacophora
class
listed (PBDB)
Bivalvia
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Clam189,408541 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Caudofoveata
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Cephalopoda
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
92,182516 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Conchifera
class
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Diplacophora
class
listed (PBDB)
Gastropoda
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Snail148,261530 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Helcionelloida
class
listed (PBDB)1,672541 Ma
Cambrian
485 Ma
Cambrian
Monoplacophora
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
5541 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Paragastropoda
class
listed (PBDB)122530 Ma
Cambrian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Polyplacophora
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Chiton569501 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Rostroconchia
class
listed (PBDB)851530 Ma
Cambrian
254 Ma
Permian
Scaphopoda
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Tusk Shell3,295461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
0 Ma
Extant
Solenogastres
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Stenothecoida
class
listed (PBDB)44541 Ma
Cambrian
505 Ma
Cambrian
Tentaculita
class
listed (PBDB)1,393513 Ma
Cambrian
242 Ma
Middle Triassic
Tergomya
class
listed (PBDB)868541 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Calyptoptomatida
order
listed (PBDB)22635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
501 Ma
Cambrian
Hemithecellitina
order
listed (PBDB)3485 Ma
Cambrian
485 Ma
Cambrian
Khairkhaniiformes
order
listed (PBDB)
Aldanellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
123541 Ma
Cambrian
520 Ma
Cambrian
Ambonychidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Anetshellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
11272 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Bipulvinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Bransoniidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
127485 Ma
Cambrian
254 Ma
Permian
Bucanellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
53485 Ma
Cambrian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Cambridiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
42541 Ma
Cambrian
505 Ma
Cambrian
Camerothecidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Ceratoconidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
7541 Ma
Cambrian
530 Ma
Cambrian
Cliospiridae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Coleolidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
114635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
318 Ma
Carboniferous
Conocardiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
42441 Ma
Silurian
269 Ma
Permian
Contractenidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2411 Ma
Early Devonian
408 Ma
Early Devonian
Coreospiridae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
104541 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Cornulitidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
271466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
331 Ma
Carboniferous
Crassilinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
8411 Ma
Early Devonian
403 Ma
Early Devonian
Cyclocyrtonellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Dentiannulatidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1372 Ma
Late Devonian
372 Ma
Late Devonian
Dicricoconidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
51433 Ma
Silurian
380 Ma
Late Devonian
Diplothecidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2513 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Dosiniidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Drahomiridae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Eopteriidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
116501 Ma
Cambrian
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Globorilidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Gonionowakiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Gotlandellitidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
4439 Ma
Silurian
433 Ma
Silurian
Halkieriidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
307541 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Helcionellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
744541 Ma
Cambrian
485 Ma
Cambrian
Hippocardiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
84443 Ma
Silurian
326 Ma
Carboniferous
Homoctenidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
46419 Ma
Early Devonian
376 Ma
Late Devonian
Igarkiellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1530 Ma
Cambrian
530 Ma
Cambrian
Ischyriniidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
47530 Ma
Cambrian
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Khairkhaniidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
12520 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Kirengellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
14513 Ma
Cambrian
485 Ma
Cambrian
Ladamarekiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3411 Ma
Early Devonian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Laminitidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Macluritidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
516488 Ma
Cambrian
216 Ma
Late Triassic
Maikhanellidae
family
listed (PBDB)137541 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Multiannulatocyclitidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Multifariidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Nowakiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
407443 Ma
Silurian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Orthrozanclidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
4541 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Paranowakiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
29419 Ma
Early Devonian
411 Ma
Early Devonian
Patelliconidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
4466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Pelagiellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
241541 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Peneauiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
17443 Ma
Silurian
411 Ma
Early Devonian
Persicithecidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Polycylindritidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1383 Ma
Late Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Procarinariidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Procorniculinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1411 Ma
Early Devonian
411 Ma
Early Devonian
Protoconchoididae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
20516 Ma
Cambrian
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Pseudobigaleaidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
53461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
290 Ma
Permian
Ribeiriidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
56501 Ma
Cambrian
439 Ma
Silurian
Romaniellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Rossiitidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
24427 Ma
Silurian
423 Ma
Silurian
Rugaeconidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
46541 Ma
Cambrian
497 Ma
Cambrian
Scenellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
110541 Ma
Cambrian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Sektionitidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Siphogonuchitidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
208541 Ma
Cambrian
485 Ma
Cambrian
Solenomyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Stenothecidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
224541 Ma
Cambrian
485 Ma
Cambrian
Striatostyliolinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
52419 Ma
Early Devonian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Styliolinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
210450 Ma
Late Ordovician
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Technophoridae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
145501 Ma
Cambrian
439 Ma
Silurian
Tentaculitidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
614485 Ma
Cambrian
345 Ma
Carboniferous
Tremanotidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Trenellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
43541 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Tropidodiscidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
344501 Ma
Cambrian
254 Ma
Permian
Turmalitidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
30433 Ma
Silurian
393 Ma
Early Devonian
Undacyclitidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Undastriatostyliolinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Uniconidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
11419 Ma
Early Devonian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Uniconocyclitidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Uniconomorphitidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Viriatellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
7419 Ma
Early Devonian
393 Ma
Early Devonian
Volynitidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
23433 Ma
Silurian
393 Ma
Early Devonian
Yochelcionellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
75541 Ma
Cambrian
504 Ma
Cambrian
Acaenoplax
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1433 Ma
Silurian
433 Ma
Silurian
Acevina
genus
listed (PBDB)
Achatinella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Actaeon
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Actinoconus
genus
listed (PBDB)1541 Ma
Cambrian
541 Ma
Cambrian
Actinomya
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Actinotheca
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aculopileus
genus
listed (PBDB)
Acutirostriconus
genus
listed (PBDB)1541 Ma
Cambrian
541 Ma
Cambrian
Adranaria
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Adyshevitheca
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aganides
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1365 Ma
Late Devonian
365 Ma
Late Devonian
Aldanolina
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1541 Ma
Cambrian
541 Ma
Cambrian
Algomella
genus
listed (PBDB)
Ambages
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ammonoceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Amphoreopsis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Anisomyaria
genus
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Anticalyptraea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Apedogyria
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Archaeonassa
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Arcoptera
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Arcularia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Arhouriella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Asterichnites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aulacotrochus
genus
listed (PBDB)3191 Ma
Early Jurassic
191 Ma
Early Jurassic
Aulichnites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Australiella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Australohalkieria
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aviculocephaloconus
genus
listed (PBDB)
Bagenoviella
genus
listed (PBDB)
Baikalia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Baroda
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Beroides
genus
listed (PBDB)
Beukeria
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Biligulitheca
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bisulcus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3201 Ma
Early Jurassic
201 Ma
Early Jurassic
Bittnerites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Brachypyrgulina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Braunsina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Buccinatrix
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Calcar
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
45.33 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Cambroscutum
genus
listed (PBDB)
Capeloites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Capsella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Carocolla
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cassidea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Castalioides
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Castellum
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Celaenoteuthis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Centriconus
genus
listed (PBDB)
Chaenodomus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Charmasseiceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chartronia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chromodoridella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cigclirina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cionella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cladophragmus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Clathrolima
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Clenchipoma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Clinotellina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Codonoconus
genus
listed (PBDB)
Coleoloides
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Conchula
genus
listed (PBDB)
Conites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Corystos
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2507 Ma
Cambrian
507 Ma
Cambrian
Cosmogyria
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Costatulites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crestoconus
genus
listed (PBDB)
Cucullea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cultrigera
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cycladella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cylophorus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cyrtonybyoceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dalliconcha
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Darwinites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dechenia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Defonticeras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Delawarella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dentiora
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dingus
genus
listed (PBDB)
Diploctenus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Diptychoceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Discorbis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dissoroceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dysmea
genus
listed (PBDB)17.25 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Dysnoetopla
genus
listed (PBDB)
Ebianella
genus
listed (PBDB)1541 Ma
Cambrian
541 Ma
Cambrian
Ectracheliza
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ecuadorea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Elymella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Emargimantus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Emericiceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Endoplocus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eodiplodon
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eogloborilus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eoischyrina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eoischyrinia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eonaias
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eosoconus
genus
listed (PBDB)2541 Ma
Cambrian
541 Ma
Cambrian
Epalxites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Epihippopodium
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Episphinctoceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eucyclophorus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Euechioceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eurychasma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eustreptostyla
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Expleritoma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Florianites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Freia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Fusinosteira
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gastrochaenolites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Geoteuthis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Geyeria
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Girvanolithes
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Globispira
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Glyphioceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Goldfussia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Goniostropha
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Goodrichia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Granoconus
genus
listed (PBDB)1530 Ma
Cambrian
530 Ma
Cambrian
Gunnellodus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gutticonus
genus
listed (PBDB)1541 Ma
Cambrian
541 Ma
Cambrian
Gyrocerus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hadrodon
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hamatoconus
genus
listed (PBDB)
Haploscapha
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Harpopsis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Helicoconchus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Helicter
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hemicardia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hemithersitea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hippopharangites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Huangshandogoconus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1530 Ma
Cambrian
530 Ma
Cambrian
Huangshandongoconus
genus
listed (PBDB)1541 Ma
Cambrian
541 Ma
Cambrian
Hydracme
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hyporbulites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Inflatatheca
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Insolitotheca
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Isodonta
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Itinsaites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Joleaudella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kalendyma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kanabiceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kanastephanus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kaschkadakia
genus
listed (PBDB)
Katunioides
genus
listed (PBDB)
Kepinospira
genus
listed (PBDB)1479 Ma
Early Ordovician
479 Ma
Early Ordovician
Kiliania
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Klinoptera
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Koninckioceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kraikchania
genus
listed (PBDB)
Kuanchuanella
genus
listed (PBDB)1541 Ma
Cambrian
541 Ma
Cambrian
Kygmaeoceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Labrum
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lacunodon
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Laticonus
genus
listed (PBDB)1530 Ma
Cambrian
530 Ma
Cambrian
Leoniceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Liantuoconus
genus
listed (PBDB)1530 Ma
Cambrian
530 Ma
Cambrian
Ligyrokala
genus
listed (PBDB)
Limnothauma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lirator
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lyriopecten
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lyrula
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Maceo
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Mackenziella
genus
listed (PBDB)1520 Ma
Cambrian
520 Ma
Cambrian
Macrogonaxis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Makarakia
genus
listed (PBDB)
Marsenia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Mascaria
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Megaleuxina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Megalonoidea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Megatylotus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Melania
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Menkrawia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Merismoconcha
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1541 Ma
Cambrian
541 Ma
Cambrian
Mesembrinus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Metacephalites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Metaplectoceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Mimetostreon
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Minymerisma
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1541 Ma
Cambrian
541 Ma
Cambrian
Miozonites
genus
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Modiodesma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Mojsisovicsia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Monophora
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Naticina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Neomecklenburgia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ningqiangethus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Nordenskjoldia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Nothamusium
genus
listed (PBDB)
Obliquarca
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Obscurania
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Odontobelus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Odontogriphus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
12513 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Oedania
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Olivellites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Omalenlina
genus
listed (PBDB)
Ophideroceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Orbis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Orchadoceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ormathichnus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Orvillia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Otoclymenia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pachecdyceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pachytypus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Palaeacmaea
genus
listed (PBDB)13541 Ma
Cambrian
242 Ma
Middle Triassic
Palaeanatina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Palaeoconchus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Paracaloceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Paracephalites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Paramicrocornus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Paraprolecanites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Parascenella
genus
listed (PBDB)
Patulina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pegasella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pelecoceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pelecypodichnus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pelekodites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Peotoconus
genus
listed (PBDB)
Phaenomya
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pharetrella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Philia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Phragmostoma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Physetomya
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pichynella
genus
listed (PBDB)
Pinella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Plesiopotamides
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pleurechioceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Plicolumna
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pliconaias
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polyphemopsis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polytropis
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Porcaconus
genus
listed (PBDB)1541 Ma
Cambrian
541 Ma
Cambrian
Potamis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Preavicula
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Proconus
genus
listed (PBDB)1501 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Prodiplodon
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Prolyncina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Promargarita
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Prosodacna
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Protacrioceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Proteropiloceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Protodrepanostoma
genus
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Protrete
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Prozonarina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pseudoeuchasma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pseudofossarus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pseudomatthevia
genus
listed (PBDB)1501 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Pseudotechnophorus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pseudotrochalia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pterodonta
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ptiloteuthis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ptychoplasma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Punctaconchus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pycinodesma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pyrula
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Quadrochites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Radula
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rectobelus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rhamphopoma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rhinomelania
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rhiphaeites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rhynchoteuthis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rostellites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sargaella
genus
listed (PBDB)
Saxitoniceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Scalarinella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Scalaturris
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Scalez
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Scamboscamna
genus
listed (PBDB)
Scenellopsis
genus
listed (PBDB)
Schuchertites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Scolymus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Scutularia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Semicircularea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Shabaktiella
genus
listed (PBDB)1530 Ma
Cambrian
530 Ma
Cambrian
Shastites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sichuanospira
genus
listed (PBDB)1541 Ma
Cambrian
541 Ma
Cambrian
Sinalbinula
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sinuconus
genus
listed (PBDB)2530 Ma
Cambrian
530 Ma
Cambrian
Solandangella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1479 Ma
Early Ordovician
479 Ma
Early Ordovician
Solariellopsis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Solenocurtus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Songlingella
genus
listed (PBDB)
Sosiospira
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Spatuloconus
genus
listed (PBDB)2530 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Spirodesmos
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Spiroraphella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Stenomphalus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Stenothecella
genus
listed (PBDB)
Stimulitheca
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Strigites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Strobila
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Subzebrinus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sulcatapex
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sulcocarina
genus
listed (PBDB)
Systellomphalus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tellinomya
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Teratichnus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Teredolites
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tetrastomella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Thaanumia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tolmaia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Trachomatichnus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Trechmannia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tribelopoma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tridonta
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Trigonocoelia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Trochifusus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Trunctoconus
genus
listed (PBDB)
Tuberoconus
genus
listed (PBDB)1541 Ma
Cambrian
541 Ma
Cambrian
Varigera
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Velopecten
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Vetulonaia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Virgatosphinctoides
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Volutocristata
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Vulsellopsis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Wyattia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Xenohelix
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Xilingxiaconus
genus
listed (PBDB)
Xinnanospira
genus
listed (PBDB)
Xixiangethes
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Xystritheca
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Yakounoceras
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Yangtzemerisma
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2541 Ma
Cambrian
541 Ma
Cambrian
Anomiata taylorensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aulachochiton praecursor
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aulacomys anderssoni
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cardiamorpha digglesi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Castoraphiceras lobatum
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Clinopistha striata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta calvini
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta carinata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta carpenderi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta cataractensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta clintonensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta creditensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta cuneiformis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta frobisherensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta hermitagensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta medialis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta nitida
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta obesa
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta ovata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta perminuta
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta regia
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta retrorsa
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta socialis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta subreniformis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ctenodonta willsi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cunemya sulcodorsata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cypricardina fayettevillensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cypricardina moorefieldana
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cyrtorizocrinus minneapolis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Diaphroceras avaense
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Diaphroceras buffaloense
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Diplodontia elatia
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dufrenoya texana
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eoqunnarites alaskaensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eostarte subcircularis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ereminia dancei
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ergona fallax
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Euchasmiella delicatostriata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eurhomalia antarctica
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eurhomalia carlosi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eurhomalia florentinoi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eurhomalia inflata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Evenoceras raymondi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Favarha colombi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Fischerpiettius josephinae
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Folmanella mainensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gasconoceras obesum
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gasconoceras planiventrum
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gaspercyrtoceras cooperi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gaspercyrtoceras telleri
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gervilliopis emmonsi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hirasia diplomphalus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hyolithes haywardensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hyolithes heros
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hyolithes journeaui
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kennecottia bifurcata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kennecottia rugosa
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lechritrocheras cinctutum
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Leptodomus undulatus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Liopteria sawkinsi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Liotarte paphia
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Litschovitrigonia fitchi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lysonia mooreae
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Mccarthyites gracilis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Modiola platinota
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Noctuidae perplexa
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ophidoceras wilmingtonense
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Palaeaneilo simplex
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Palaeaneilo sulcata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Palaemoera dyskritos
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Palaeoniscus leidyiana
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Paleoceras undulatum
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Paramussium astoriana
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Parastirpulina sohli
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Parisocrinus herculi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pentaramicrinus cuspidis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pentaramicrinus demissa
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Piteria waltonensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Preanthochiton cooperi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Preanthochiton depressus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Preanthochiton productus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pterinopetinella spinifera
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Quenstedticeras collieri
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Quenstedticeras hoveyi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Quenstedticeras suspectum
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rachidina festiva
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rhacophylites alamitosensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rhacophylites disputabile
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Siberlingia sanctae-anae
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tancrediopsis clarkei
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Trigoniocardium silvacollina
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Triptoceras indianense
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Vusella walleri
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sachitida
unranked clade
listed (PBDB)627541 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Serialia
unranked clade
listed (PBDB)574541 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant

Obsolete Names

NameSourceTaxon RankTaxonomy
Dipsus Gray, 1821GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Dipsus
Ernestia Florin, 1927GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Ernestia
Billingsia Ford, 1886GBIFgenusAnimalia : Mollusca : Billingsia

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1758Mollusca Linnaeus
1846Chiton cottae Geinitz p. 389 figs. pl. 5, figs. 13-14
1861Chiton cottai Geinitz p. 55
1989Mollusca Shoshani et al. p. 435
1998Mollusca Zrzavy et al.
2002Mollusca Sepkoski, Jr.
2011Mollusca Edgecombe et al. p. 153 figs. Fig. 1
2012Mollusca Nielsen p. 140 figs. Fig. 23.1
2015Mollusca Laumer et al.

References

Linnaeus C. , Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1, 1-824 doi:10.5962/bhl.title.542
Geinitz H. B. Die animalischen ueberreste der Dyas, Dyas oder die Zechstein Formation und das Rothliegende, 1-130
Shoshani J., Fisher D. C., et al (1989) The Shelton Mastodon Site: Multidisciplinary study of a late Pleistocene (Twocreekan) locality in Southeastern Michigan, Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan 27 14, 393-436
Zrzavy J., Mihulka S., et al (1998) Phylogeny of the Metazoa based on morphological and 18S ribosomal DNA evidence, Cladistics 14, 249-285
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Ponder W.F. & Lindberg D.R. (eds.) 2008. Phylogeny and Evolution of the Mollusca. University of California Press, Berkeley, 488 pp. - via World Register of Marine Species
Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1998). Five Kingdoms: an illustrated guide to the Phyla of life on earth. 3rd edition. Freeman: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-7167-3027-8. xx, 520 pp. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
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Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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