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Soricidae

Description

The shrew (family Soricidae) is a small mole-like mammal classified in the order Eulipotyphla. True shrews are not to be confused with treeshrews, otter shrews, elephant shrews, or the West Indies shrews, which belong to different families or orders.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)5534https://www.gbif.org/species/5534
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)40443https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=40443
Rankfamily
Taxonomy (GBIF)Life : Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Soricomorpha : Soricidae
Taxonomy (PBDB)Life : Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Soricidae
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-TriploblasticaLankester 1877
-NephrozoaJondelius et al. 2002
-DeuterostomiaGrobben 1908
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrataLamarck 1801
superclassGnathostomataGegenbauer 1874
-Osteichthyes
-SarcopterygiiRomer 1955
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha
subclassTetrapodomorpha
-Tetrapoda
-ReptiliomorphaSäve-Söderbergh 1934
-AnthracosauriaSäve-Söderbergh 1934
-Batrachosauria
-Cotylosauria
-AmniotaHaeckel 1866
-SynapsidaOsborn 1903
-Therapsida
infraorderCynodontia
-EpicynodontiaHopson and Kitching 2001
infraorderEucynodontiaKemp 1982
-ProbainognathiaHopson 1990
-MammaliamorphaRowe 1988
-MammaliaformesRowe 1988
classMammaliaLinnaeus 1758
subclassTribosphenida
infraclassEutheria
-PlacentaliaOwen 1837
-LaurasiatheriaWaddell et al. 1999
-Eulipotyphla
suborderSoricomorphaGregory 1910
familySoricidaeFischer 1814
Common Nameshrew
Scientific NameSoricidae
Name Published InZoognosia tabulis synopticis illustrate vol.3 p.x
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Soricidaefamilybelongs to Plantigradaestated without evidenceGray, 1821
Soricidaefamilybelongs to Bestiaestated without evidenceBonaparte, 1850
Soricidaefamilybelongs to Soricoideastated without evidenceSchlosser, 1877
Soricidaefamilybelongs to Insectivorastated without evidenceFlower, 1883
Soricidaefamilybelongs to Soricomorphastated without evidenceGregory, 1910
Soricidaefamilybelongs to Lipotyphlastated without evidenceJaekel, 1911
Soricidaefamilybelongs to Insectivorastated without evidenceSherman, 1952
Soricidaefamilybelongs to Soricoideastated without evidenceVan Valen, 1967
Soricidaefamilybelongs to Insectivorastated without evidenceKurten, 1968
Soricidaefamilybelongs to SoricomorphaimpliedCarroll, 1988
Soricidaefamilybelongs to Insectivorastated without evidenceShoshani et al., 1989
Soricidaefamilybelongs to InsectivoraimpliedNowak, 1991
Soricidaefamilybelongs to Eulipotyphlastated without evidenceMadsen et al., 2001
Soricidaefamilybelongs to Eulipotyphlastated with evidenceDouady et al., 2002
Soricidaefamilybelongs to Lipotyphlastated with evidenceAsher et al., 2005
Soricidaefamilybelongs to Soricoideastated without evidenceLopatin, 2006
Soricidaefamilybelongs to Lipotyphlastated without evidenceAsher and Helgen, 2010
Soricidaefamilybelongs to Soricomorphastated with evidenceSilcox et al., 2010
Soricidaefamilybelongs to Lipotyphlastated without evidenceKorth and Evander, 2016
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)272
Extant Size (PBDB)72 (26%)
First Recorded Appearance93.5 - 89.3 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Environmentterrestrial (based on Eutheria)
Motilityactively mobile (based on Osteichthyes)
Dietomnivore
Ecospace Commentslife habit and diet based on Nowak 1999
Taphonomyphosphatic (based on Vertebrata)
Primary Reference (PBDB)R. L. Carroll. 1988. Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution
Common Name(s) Näbbmöss, Shrews, Shrew
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soricidae

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Allosoricinae
subfamily
listed (PBDB)
Crocidosoricinae
subfamily
listed (PBDB)9133.9 Ma
Oligocene
0 Ma
Extant
Crocidurinae
subfamily
listed (PBDB)White-toothed Shrew22823.0 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Limnoecinae
subfamily
listed (PBDB)430.8 Ma
Oligocene
11.1 Ma
Miocene
Soricinae
subfamily
listed (PBDB)Red-toothed Shrew1,00123.0 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Soricolestinae
subfamily
listed (PBDB)148.6 Ma
Eocene
48.6 Ma
Eocene
Adeloblarina
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
320.4 Ma
Miocene
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Alloblarinella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
612.8 Ma
Miocene
3.20 Ma
Pliocene
Alluvisorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1416.0 Ma
Miocene
10.3 Ma
Miocene
Amblycoptus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
811.6 Ma
Miocene
4.90 Ma
Pliocene
Anchiblarinella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
113.6 Ma
Miocene
13.6 Ma
Miocene
Angustidens
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
320.4 Ma
Miocene
11.1 Ma
Miocene
Anouroneomys
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Anourosorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Mole Shrew88.70 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Aralosorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
128.4 Ma
Oligocene
28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Arctisorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
15.33 Ma
Miocene
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Asoriculus
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1611.6 Ma
Miocene
0.78 Ma
Pleistocene
Atasorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
128.4 Ma
Oligocene
28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Beckiasorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
14.90 Ma
Pliocene
4.90 Ma
Pliocene
Beremendia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
815.33 Ma
Miocene
0.78 Ma
Pleistocene
Blarina
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
American Short-tailed Shrew844.90 Ma
Pliocene
0 Ma
Extant
Blarinella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Asiatic Short-tailed Shrew1123.0 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Blarinoides
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
185.33 Ma
Miocene
2.59 Ma
Pleistocene
Builstynia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
111.6 Ma
Miocene
11.6 Ma
Miocene
Chimarrogale
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Asiatic Water Shrew22.59 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Chodsigoa
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Clapasorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
323.0 Ma
Miocene
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Cokia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
411.6 Ma
Miocene
4.20 Ma
Pliocene
Congosorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cretasorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
193.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Crocidosorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
728.4 Ma
Oligocene
20.4 Ma
Miocene
Crocidura
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
17623.0 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Crusafontina
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2013.6 Ma
Miocene
4.90 Ma
Pliocene
Cryptotis
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Small-eared Shrew4110.3 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Deinsdorfia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2012.8 Ma
Miocene
2.59 Ma
Pleistocene
Diplomesodon
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
35.33 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Domnina
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
5846.2 Ma
Eocene
23.0 Ma
Miocene
Episoriculus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
4323.0 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Feroculus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Florinia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
720.4 Ma
Miocene
16.9 Ma
Miocene
Hesperosorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
223.0 Ma
Miocene
13.6 Ma
Miocene
Heterosorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ingentisorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
116.0 Ma
Miocene
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Kordosia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
28.70 Ma
Miocene
4.20 Ma
Pliocene
Lartetium
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1020.4 Ma
Miocene
11.6 Ma
Miocene
Limnoecus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
4924.8 Ma
Oligocene
8.70 Ma
Miocene
Lunanosorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
15.33 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Lusorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
116.0 Ma
Miocene
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Megasorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Miocrocidosorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
123.0 Ma
Miocene
23.0 Ma
Miocene
Miosorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2220.4 Ma
Miocene
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Myosorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
127.25 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Nectogale
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Neomys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Nesiotites
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
135.33 Ma
Miocene
0.13 Ma
Pleistocene
Notiosorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Gray Shrew2510.3 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Paenelimnoecus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3720.0 Ma
Miocene
3.20 Ma
Pliocene
Paenepetenyia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
211.6 Ma
Miocene
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Paenesorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
612.8 Ma
Miocene
12.8 Ma
Miocene
Paracrocidura
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Paracryptotis
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1313.6 Ma
Miocene
4.90 Ma
Pliocene
Paradomnina
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1023.0 Ma
Miocene
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Paranourosorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
311.6 Ma
Miocene
4.90 Ma
Pliocene
Parasorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3116.0 Ma
Miocene
4.90 Ma
Pliocene
Parydrosorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Petenyia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
5413.6 Ma
Miocene
0.78 Ma
Pleistocene
Petenyiella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
58.70 Ma
Miocene
3.20 Ma
Pliocene
Planisorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
34.90 Ma
Pliocene
4.90 Ma
Pliocene
Podihik
genus
listed (PBDB)
Pseudotrimylus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2433.9 Ma
Oligocene
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Ruwenzorisorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Scutisorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
22.59 Ma
Pleistocene
0.01 Ma
Pleistocene
Siwalikosorex
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
111.6 Ma
Miocene
11.6 Ma
Miocene
Solisorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Sorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Soricella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
823.0 Ma
Miocene
16.0 Ma
Miocene
Soricolestes
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
148.6 Ma
Eocene
48.6 Ma
Eocene
Soriculus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
75.33 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Srinitium
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
633.9 Ma
Oligocene
28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Suevosorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sulimskia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
65.33 Ma
Miocene
2.59 Ma
Pleistocene
Suncus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2523.0 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Surdisorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Sylvisorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
32.59 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Taatsiinia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
333.9 Ma
Oligocene
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Tavoonyia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
228.4 Ma
Oligocene
28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Tregosorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
213.6 Ma
Miocene
13.6 Ma
Miocene
Ulmensia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
328.4 Ma
Oligocene
28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Wilsonosorex
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
320.4 Ma
Miocene
20.4 Ma
Miocene
Zelceina
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
411.6 Ma
Miocene
4.90 Ma
Pliocene
Blairina gidleyi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Nesorex palustris
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1814Soricidae Fischer
1821Soricidae Gray p. 300
1850Soricidae Bonaparte p. 1
1877Soricidae Schlosser p. 89
1883Soricidae Flower p. 186
1889Soricidae Cope p. 876
1891Soricidae Flower and Lydekker p. 92
1902Soricidae Hay p. 738
1910Soricidae Gregory p. 465
1911Soricidae Jaekel p. 210
1952Soricidae Sherman p. 87
1966Soricidae Johnson p. 80
1967Soricidae Van Valen
YearName and Author
1968Soricidae Kurten p. 43
1980Soricidae Kurten and Anderson p. 103
1988Soricidae Carroll
1989Soricidae Shoshani et al. p. 436
1991Soricidae Nowak
2001Soricidae Madsen et al. p. 611
2002Soricidae Douady et al. p. 204
2005Soricidae Asher et al. p. 920
2006Soricidae Lopatin
2010Soricidae Asher and Helgen p. 3 figs. Figure 1
2010Soricidae Silcox et al.
2016Soricidae Korth and Evander

References

Carroll R. L. (1988) , Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution, 1-698
Gray J. E. On the natural arrangement of vertebrose animals, The London Medical Repository Monthly Journal and Review 15, 296-310
Bonaparte C.-L. , Conspectus Systematis Mastozoologiae. Editio Altera Reformata [Survey of the system of mammals. Second revised edition]. E. J. Brill, Leyden, 1
Schlosser M. Die Affen, Lemuren, Chiropteren, Insectivoren, Marsupialier, Creodonten und Carnivoren des Europaischen Tertiars, Beitrage zur Paleontologie Osterreich-Ungarns un des Orients 6, 1-224
Flower W. H. On the arrangement of the Orders and Families of existing Mammalia, Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1883, 178-186
Cope E. D. Synopsis of the families of Vertebrata, The American Naturalist 23, 1-29
Hay O. P. (1902) , Bibliography and Catalogue of the Fossil Vertebrata of North America. Bulletin of the United States Geological Survey 179, 1-868
Gregory W. K. (1910) The orders of mammals, Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 27, 1-524
Jaekel O. (1911) , Die Wirbeltiere. Eine Übersicht über die Fossilen und Lebenden Formen [The Vertebrates. An Overview of the Fossil and Living Forms], viii-252
Sherman H. B. (1952) A list and bibliography of the mammals of Florida, living and extinct, Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences 15 2, 86-126
Johnson G. D. (1966) Small mammals of the Middle Oligocene of the Big Badlands of South Dakota, Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Sciences 45, 78-83
Van Valen L. (1967) New Paleocene insectivores and insectivore classification, Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 135 5, 217-284
Kurten B. (1968) Pleistocene Mammals of Europe, 1-317
Kurten B., Anderson E. (1980) , Pleistocene mammals of North America, 1-442
Shoshani J., Fisher D. C., et al (1989) The Shelton Mastodon Site: Multidisciplinary study of a late Pleistocene (Twocreekan) locality in Southeastern Michigan, Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan 27 14, 393-436
Nowak R. M. (1991) Walker's Mammals of the World, Maryland, Johns Hopkins University Press (edited volume) II
Asher R. J., Emry R. J., et al (2005) New material of Centetodon (Mammalia, Lipotyphla) and the importance of (missing) DNA sequences in systematic paleontology, Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 25 4, 911-923
Lopatin A. V. (2006) Early Paleogene insectivore mammals of Asia and establishment of the major groups of Insectivora, Paleontological Journal 40 3, S205-S405
Asher R. J., Helgen K. M. (2010) Nomenclature and placental mammal phylogeny, BMC Evolutionary BIology 10 102, 1-9
Silcox M. T., Bloch J. I., et al (2010) Cranial anatomy of Paleocene and Eocene Labidolemur kayi (Mammalia: Apatotheria), and the relationships of the Apatemyidae to other mammals, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 160, 773-825
Korth W. W., Evander R. L. (2016) Lipotyphla, Chiroptera, Lagomorpha, and Rodentia (Mammalia) from Observation Quarry, Earliest Barstovian (Miocene), Dawes County, Nebraska, Annals of Carnegie Museum 83 3, 219-254 doi:10.2992/007.083.0301
Gärdenfors, Ulf, Hall, Ragnar, Hallingbäck, Tomas, Hansson, Hans G. & Hedström, Lars (2003) Djur, svampar och växter i Sverige 2003. Förteckning över antal arter per familj. ArtDatabanken Rapporterar 5, ArtDatabanken, Uppsala. (reviderad excelfil med svenska djurfamiljer). - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Benton, M.J. (ed). (1993). The Fossil Record 2. Chapman & Hall, London, 845 pp. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Parker, S.P. (ed). (1982). Synopsis and Classification of Living Organisms. McGraw-Hill, New York. 2 volumes. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Wilson, D.M (2015) Mammal Species of the World. Online database: http://www.vertebrates.si.edu/msw/mswcfapp/msw/index.cfm - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds., 2005: null. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds., 1992: null. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner, 1987: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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