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Monticola

Description

The rock thrushes, Monticola, are a genus of chats, medium-sized mostly insectivorous or omnivorous songbirds. All are Old World birds, and most are associated with mountainous regions.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)8156917https://www.gbif.org/species/8156917
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)369511https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=369511
Rankgenus
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Passeriformes : Muscicapidae : Monticola
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)doubtful
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-TriploblasticaLankester 1877
-NephrozoaJondelius et al. 2002
-DeuterostomiaGrobben 1908
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrataLamarck 1801
superclassGnathostomataGegenbauer 1874
-Osteichthyes
-SarcopterygiiRomer 1955
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha
subclassTetrapodomorpha
-Tetrapoda
-ReptiliomorphaSäve-Söderbergh 1934
-AnthracosauriaSäve-Söderbergh 1934
-Batrachosauria
-Cotylosauria
-AmniotaHaeckel 1866
-SauropsidaHuxley 1864
classReptiliaLaurenti 1768
subclassEureptilia
-RomeriidaGauthier et al. 1988
-Diapsida
-Eosuchia
-NeodiapsidaBenton 1985
-SauriaGauthier 1984
-Archosauromorpha
-CrocopodaEzcurra 2016
-ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
-EucrocopodaEzcurra 2016
-Archosauria
informalAvemetatarsaliaBenton 1999
-OrnithodiraGauthier 1986
-DinosauromorphaBenton 1985
-DinosauriformesNovas 1992
-Dinosauria
-Saurischia
-Theropoda
-NeotheropodaBakker 1986
-AverostraPaul 2002
-TetanuraeGauthier 1986
orderAvetheropodaPaul 1988
suborderCoelurosauriaHuene 1914
-ManiraptoraGauthier 1986
-ParavesSereno 1997
classAvesLinnaeus 1758
-PygostyliaChiappe 2002
-OrnithothoracesChiappe and Calvo 1994
-OrnithuromorphaChiappe et al. 1999
subclassOrnithuraeHaeckel 1866
subclassNeornithesGadow 1893
-Neognathae
-NeoavesSibley et al. 1988
-TerrestrornithesLivezey and Zusi 2007
-Dendrornithes
-AnomalogonatesGarrod 1874
-PicoclamatoresLivezey and Zusi 2007
superorderPasserimorphaeSibley et al. 1988
orderPasseriformesLinnaeus 1758
familyMuscicapidaeFleming 1822
genusMonticolaBoie 1822
Scientific NameMonticola Boie, 1822
Name Published InBoie, Friedrich. 1822. Ueber Classification, insonderheit der europäischen Vögel. Isis von Oken 1822(5): col.545-564.
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Monticolagenusbelongs to Muscicapidaestated with evidenceClements et al., 2017
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)2
Extant Size (PBDB)2 (100%)
First Recorded Appearance0.78 - 0.13 Ma
Pleistocene
Environmentterrestrial (based on Muscicapidae)
Motilityactively mobile (based on Theropoda)
Dietinsectivore (based on Muscicapidae)
Reproductionoviparous, dispersal=direct/internal,mobile (based on Theropoda)
Ontogenyaccretion,modification of parts (based on Theropoda)
Taphonomyhydroxylapatite,compact or dense (based on Theropoda)
Primary Reference (PBDB)J. F. Clements, T. S. Schulenberg, and M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017
Common Name(s) Rock-thrushes
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monticola

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Monticola angolensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Monticola brevipes
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Monticola cinclorhynchus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Monticola erythronotus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Monticola explorator
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Monticola gularis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Monticola imerina
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Monticola rufiventris
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Monticola rufocinereus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Monticola rupestris
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Monticola saxatilis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Monticola semirufus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Monticola sharpei
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Monticola solitarius
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Blue Rock-thrush30.78 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant

Obsolete Names

NameSourceTaxon RankTaxonomy
Monticula Antinori, 1864GBIFgenusAnimalia : Chordata : Aves : Passeriformes : Muscicapidae : Monticula
Cyanocincla Hume, 1873GBIFgenusAnimalia : Chordata : Aves : Passeriformes : Muscicapidae : Cyanocincla

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1822Monticola Boie
2017Monticola Clements et al.

References

Clements J. F., Schulenberg T. S., et al (2017) , The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017
Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes, 2003: null. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner, 1987: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
CoL2006 - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Isis (Oken), 1822 - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Nomenclator Zoologicus. A list of the names of genera and subgenera in zoology from the tenth edition of Linnaeus, 1758 to the end of 2004. Digitised by uBio from vols. 1-9 of Neave (ed.), 1939-1996 plus supplementary digital-only volume. http://ubio.org/NomenclatorZoologicus (as at 2006). - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
as per family - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
SOF (2007) Holarktis Fåglar, version 2. SOF:s Taxonomikommittés officiella lista över Holarktis fåglar - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
SN2000/Monroe Jr. & Sibley, 1993 - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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