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Poritidae

Description

Poritidae is a family of stony corals. Members of the family are colonial hermatypic (reef-building) corals. They are variable in size and form but most are massive, laminar or ramose as well as branching and encrusting. The corallites are compact with very little coenosteum covering the skeleton. The walls of the corallites and the septa are porous. J.E.N. Veron considers the family is not a natural grouping but is a miscellaneous collection of genera that do not fit well elsewhere.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)9241https://www.gbif.org/species/9241
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)54202https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=54202
Rankfamily
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Poritidae
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
phylumCnidariaHatschek 1888
classAnthozoaEhrenberg 1834
subclassZoanthariade Blainville 1830
orderScleractiniaBourne 1900
suborderFungiinaVerrill 1865
superfamilyPoriticaeGray 1842
familyPoritidaeGray 1842
Scientific NamePoritidae
Name Published InSynopsis of the contents of the British Museum, Ed. 44, p. 135
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Poritidaefamilybelongs to Poriticaestated with evidenceWells, 1956
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)137
Extant Size (PBDB)46 (34%)
First Recorded Appearance101 - 90 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Environmentmarine
Motilitystationary, attached
Visionblind (based on Anthozoa)
Dietphotosymbiotic, suspension feeder
Reproductionalternating, asexual, dispersal=water,planktonic (based on Scleractinia)
Taphonomyaragonite
Primary Reference (PBDB)G. Alvarez, P. Busquets, and C. Taberner, M. M. Urquiola. 1994. Facies architecture and coral distiburion in a mid Eocene reef tract, south Pyrenean Foreland Basin (NE Spain). Courier Forschungs-Institut Senckenberg 172:249-259
Common Name(s) ハマサンゴ
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poritidae

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Alveopora
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
15366.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Bernardpora
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Dictyaraea
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
4670.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
2.59 Ma
Pleistocene
Goniopora
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
390101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Litharaea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Porites
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1,93666.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Poritipora
genus
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Stylaraea
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Synarea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB

Obsolete Names

NameSourceTaxon RankTaxonomy
Synastreidae GBIFfamilyAnimalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Synastreidae

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1842Poritidae Gray
1956Poritidae Wells

References

Alvarez G., Busquets P., et al (1994) Facies architecture and coral distiburion in a mid Eocene reef tract, south Pyrenean Foreland Basin (NE Spain), Courier Forschungs-Institut Senckenberg 172, 249-259
Wells J. W. (1956) Scleractinia, Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology F, 328-444
Gray JE. (1840). Poritidae. Synopsis of the Contents of the British Museum. 41: 54-84. - via World Register of Marine Species
Veron, J. E. N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Angus & Robertson Publishers. - via World Register of Marine Species
Kitano, Y. F.; Benzoni, F.; Arrigoni, R.; Shirayama, Y.; Wallace, C. C.; Fukami, H. (2014). A Phylogeny of the Family Poritidae (Cnidaria, Scleractinia) Based on Molecular and Morphological Analyses. PLoS ONE. 9(5): e98406. - via World Register of Marine Species
Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia. - via World Register of Marine Species
Cairns, Stephen D., 1999: Species richness of recent Scleractinia. Atoll Research Bulletin, no. 59. 1-46. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Kuhlmann, Dietrich H. H., 1984: null. Living coral reefs of the world.. 185. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Benton, M.J. (ed). (1993). The Fossil Record 2. Chapman & Hall, London, 845 pp. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Parker, S.P. (ed). (1982). Synopsis and Classification of Living Organisms. McGraw-Hill, New York. 2 volumes. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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